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Encyclopedia > Boeing 727
Boeing 727

707 · 717 · 727 · 737 · 747 · 757 · 767 · 777 · 787 The Boeing 707 is an American four-engine commercial passenger jet airliner developed by Boeing in the early 1950s. ... The Boeing 717 is a twin-engine, single-aisle jet airliner, developed for the 100-seat market. ... The Boeing 737 is an American short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ... The Boeing 747, sometimes nicknamed the Jumbo Jet,[4][5] is long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing in the United States. ... The Boeing 757 is an American short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... American Airlines Boeing 767-300 at Gatwick Airport, England. ... The Boeing 777 is an American long-range wide-body twin-engine airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is a mid-sized, wide-body, twin engine jet airliner currently in production by Boeing Commercial Airplanes and scheduled to enter service in November 2008. ...

Pan Am 727-200
Type Airliner
Manufacturer Boeing Commercial Airplanes
Maiden flight 1963-02-09
Introduction 1964-02-01 with Eastern Air Lines
Primary user FedEx
Produced 19631984
Number built 1,832

The Boeing 727 is a mid-size, narrow-body, three-engine commercial jet airliner. It first flew in 1963 and for over a decade was the most produced commercial jet airliner in the world. 1,831 727s were delivered. The 727's sales record for the most jets bought in history was broken in the early 1990s by the Boeing 737. In August 2006, a total of 127 Boeing 727-100 aircraft and 493 Boeing 727-200 aircraft were in airline service.[1] Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) was the United States principal international airline from the 1930s until its collapse in 1991, and was credited with many innovations that shaped the international airline industry. ... An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, and/or spacecraft. ... Boeing Commercial Airplanes, based in Renton, Washington, is a unit of The Boeing Company, consisting of the Seattle-based former Boeing Airplane Company (the civil airliner division), as well as the Long Beach-based Douglas Aircraft division of the former McDonnell Douglas Corporation. ... The Maiden flight of an aircraft is the first occasion on which an aircraft leaves the ground of its own accord. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the defunct U.S. air carrier Eastern Air Lines. ... FedEx Express, based in Memphis, Tennessee, USA, is the worlds largest cargo airline. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... This article is about the year. ... This Southwest Airlines Boeing 737 is an example of a narrow-body passenger cabin. ... A trijet is an aircraft powered by three jet engines. ... An Airbus A340 airliner operated by Air Jamaica An airliner is a large fixed-wing aircraft whose primary function is the transportation of paying passengers. ... The de Havilland Comet 1, G-ALYP - The first production Comet. ... The Boeing 737 is an American short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ...


The 727's fuselage has an outer diameter of 148 inches.[2] This allows six-abreast seating (three per side) and a single central access walkway when coach-class (18 inch width) seats are installed.

Contents

History

The 727 design arose as a compromise between United Airlines, American Airlines, and Eastern Air Lines requirements over the configuration of a jet airliner to service smaller cities which often had shorter runways and correspondingly smaller passenger demand. United Airlines wanted a four-engined aircraft for its flights to high-altitude airports, especially its hub at Stapleton International Airport at Denver, Colorado. American, which was operating the four-engined Boeing 707 and 720, wanted a twin-engined aircraft for efficiency reasons. Eastern wanted a third engine for its overwater flights to the Caribbean, since at that time twin-engined commercial flights were limited by regulations to routes with 60-minute maximum flying time to an airport (see ETOPS/LROPS). Eventually, the three airlines agreed on a trijet, and thus the 727 was born. The third JT8D engine, which is located at the very rear of the fuselage (called engine 2), is supplied with air from an inlet at the front of the vertical fin through an S-shaped duct to the engine's inlet.[3] The 727 featured high-lift devices on its wing, thus being one of the first jets able to operate from relatively short runways. Later models of the 727 were stretched to accommodate more passengers and they ended up replacing earlier jet airliners, such as the Boeing 707 and Douglas DC-8, on domestic routes. United Airlines, also known as United Air Lines, Inc. ... American Airlines, Inc. ... This article is about the defunct U.S. air carrier Eastern Air Lines. ... Stapleton highlighted on this map of Denvers neighborhoods. ... Nickname: Location of Denver in Colorado Location of Colorado in the United States Coordinates: , Country State Founded [1] November 22, 1858 Incorporated November 7, 1861 Government  - Type Strong Mayor/Weak Council  - Mayor John Hickenlooper (D) Area [1]  - City & County  154. ... The Boeing 707 is an American four-engine commercial passenger jet airliner developed by Boeing in the early 1950s. ... The Boeing 707 is an American four-engine commercial passenger jet airliner developed by Boeing in the early 1950s. ... West Indies redirects here. ... ETOPS (Extended-range Twin-engine Operational Performance Standards) is an acronym for an International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) rule permitting twin-engined commercial air transports to fly routes that, at some points, are further than a distance of 60 minutes flying time from an emergency or diversion airport. ... A trijet is an aircraft powered by three jet engines. ... This section does not cite its references or sources. ... In aircraft design, high-lift devices are a variety of mechanisms intended to add lift during certain portions of flight. ... The Douglas DC-8 is a four-engined jet airliner, manufactured between 1959 and 1972. ...


Since the 727 proved to be a reliable and versatile airliner that came to form the core of many start-up airlines' fleets, it is sometimes described as the "DC-3 of the Jet Age."[citation needed] The Douglas DC-3 is a fixed-wing, propeller-driven aircraft, which revolutionized air transport in the 1930s and 1940s and is generally regarded as one of the most significant transport aircraft ever made (also see Boeing 707 and Boeing 747). ...

Air Canada 727 with old livery

At the turn of the 21st century, the 727 was still in service with a few airline fleets. However, because in the meantime the U.S. FAA and the ICAO had changed their requirements for overwater operations, most major airlines had already begun to switch to twinjets, aircraft with only two engines, which are more fuel-efficient and quieter than the notoriously loud three-engined 727. Also, the 727 was one of the last airliners in service to have a three-person flight crew, including a flight engineer, a crewmember whose job is performed by computerized systems on newer planes. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x685, 146 KB) Summary http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x685, 146 KB) Summary http://www. ... “FAA” redirects here. ... The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), an agency of the United Nations, codifies the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth. ... A twinjet is an aircraft powered by jet engines. ... In aviation, a flight engineer (also referred to as systems operator ) is a member of the aircrew of an aircraft who is responsible for checking the aircraft before and after each flight, and for monitoring aircraft systems during flight. ...


Faced with higher fuel costs, lower passenger volumes due to the post-9/11 economic climate, increasing restrictions on airport noise, and the extra expenses of maintaining older planes and paying flight engineers' salaries, most major airlines have phased 727s out of their fleets. Delta Air Lines, the last major U.S. carrier to do so, retired its last 727 in 2003. However, the 727 is still flying for smaller start-up airlines, cargo airlines, and charter airlines, and it is also sometimes used as a private means of transportation. The official replacement for the 727 in Boeing's lineup was the Boeing 757. However, the smallest 757 variant, the 757-200, is significantly larger than the 727-200, so many airlines replaced their 727s with either the 737-800 or EADS' Airbus A320, both of which are closer in size to the 727-200. A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... Delta Air Lines, Inc. ... The Boeing 757 is an American short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... The Boeing 737 is an American short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ... The European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company EADS N.V. (EADS) is a large European aerospace corporation, formed by the merger on July 10, 2000 of Aérospatiale-Matra of France, Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA) of Spain, and DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG (DASA) of Germany. ... The Airbus A320 family of short-to-medium range commercial passenger aircraft are manufactured by Airbus S.A.S.. Family members include the A318, A319, A320, and A321, as well as the ACJ business jet. ...

The 727 proved very successful with airlines worldwide partly because of its capability to use smaller runways while still flying medium range routes. This effectively allowed airlines to attract passengers from cities with large populations but smaller airports to worldwide tourist destinations. One of the features that gave the 727 its ability to land on shorter runways was its unique wing design. Due to the absence of wing-mounted engines, leading-edge lift enhancement equipment (Krueger, or hinged, flaps on the inner portion of the leading edge, and extendable leading-edge slats on the remainder of the leading edge), and trailing-edge lift enhancement equipment (double-slotted, aft-moving flaps) could be used on the entire wing. The combination of these high-lift devices produced a maximum wing lift coefficient of 3.6 (based on the flap-retracted wing area). Thus the 727 could fly with great stability at very low speeds compared to other early jets. The 727 also had nosegear brakes fitted in the beginning to further decrease braking distance upon landing. However, these were soon removed from service, as they provided little useful reduction in braking distances, while adding weight and increasing maintenance requirements. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 77 KB) Subject : Boeing 727-200 (CP-1366) operated by Lloyd Aereo Boliviano Location : Jorge Wilsterman Airport, Cochabamba, Bolivia Date : 2004/12/25 18:49 Photographer : Paul Richter File links The following pages link to this file: Lloyd Aereo Boliviano... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 77 KB) Subject : Boeing 727-200 (CP-1366) operated by Lloyd Aereo Boliviano Location : Jorge Wilsterman Airport, Cochabamba, Bolivia Date : 2004/12/25 18:49 Photographer : Paul Richter File links The following pages link to this file: Lloyd Aereo Boliviano... LAB Boeing 727-200 (CP-1366) at Cochabamba Airport Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano (LAB Airlines) was the national and international passenger airline of Bolivia, based in Cochabamba. ... LAB Boeing 727-200 at Jorge Wilstermann Airport Jorge Wilstermann International Airport, known in Spanish as Aeropuerto Internacional Jorge Wilstermann (IATA code CBB), is an airport serving the city of Cochabamba in central Bolivia. ... Slats are small aerodynamic surfaces on the leading edge of an airplane wing which, when deployed, allow the wing to operate at a higher angle of attack. ... The word Flap can refer to several things. ... Braking distance refers to the distance a vehicle will travel from the point where its brakes are fully applied to when it comes to a complete stop. ...


The 727 was designed to be used at smaller, regional airports, so independence from ground facilities was an important requirement. This gave rise to one of the 727's most distinctive features: the built-in airstair that opens from the rear underbelly of the fuselage. D. B. Cooper, the hijacker, parachuted from the back of a 727 as it was flying over the Pacific Northwest. Boeing subsequently modified the design with the Cooper vane so that the airstair could not be lowered in flight. Another innovation was the inclusion of an APU (auxiliary power unit), which allowed electrical and air-conditioning systems to run independent of a ground-based power supply, without having to start one of the main engines. The 727 is equipped with a retractable tail skid which is designed to protect the aircraft in the event of an over-rotation on takeoff. The name given to the built in staircase found in the rear underbelly of a Boeing 727 jet airliner. ... Dan Cooper redirects here. ... The Pacific Northwest from space The Pacific Northwest, abbreviated PNW, or PacNW is a region in the northwest of North America. ... Following three hijackings in 1972, Boeing 727 aircraft were ordered by the Federal Aviation Administration to be fitted with a device known as a Cooper Vane, a mechanical aerodynamic wedge, which prevents the rear stairway from being lowered in flight. ... The APU exhaust at the tail end of an Airbus A380 An auxiliary power unit (APU) is a device on a vehicle whose purpose is to provide energy for functions other than propulsion. ...

DHL Boeing 727-200F freighter at San Diego
DHL Boeing 727-200F freighter at San Diego

The 727 is a stage II aircraft, making it one of the world's loudest commercial jet liners (the US Noise Control Act of 1972, 42USC 4901-4918, mandated the gradual introduction of quieter stages of aircraft, with the first introduction to be called Stage 3 airplanes. Aircraft which did not meet the ground-perceived noise levels specified for Stage 3 would be called Stage 2). If a 727 is used in commercial service at present, it must be retrofitted with hush kits to reduce engine noise to Stage 3 level. The 727's JT8D jet engines use older low-bypass turbofan technology while Stage 3 aircraft utilize the more efficient and quieter high-bypass turbofan design. When the Stage 3 requirement was being proposed, Boeing engineers analyzed the possibility of incorporating quieter engines on the 727. They determined that the JT8D-200 engine could be used on the two side-mounted pylons, but the structural work required to fit the larger-diameter engine (49.2 inch fan diameter in the JT8D-200 vs. 39.9 inches in the JT8D-7) into the fuselage structure at the engine 2 location would be too great to be justifiable. Since the quieter engine could not be used in all three sites, the 727 could not be made into a Stage 3 aircraft. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (938x435, 399 KB) Boeing 727 freighter of DHL on the tarmac at Lindbergh Field (KSAN), San Diego, California. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (938x435, 399 KB) Boeing 727 freighter of DHL on the tarmac at Lindbergh Field (KSAN), San Diego, California. ... A hush kit is a device for reducing noise from an engine; most commonly the term refers to devices which reduce noise emissions from turbojets. ... This section does not cite its references or sources. ... It has been suggested that Fan (turbofan) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Fan (turbofan) be merged into this article or section. ...


Aftermarket winglets have been installed on many 727s as a means of noise reduction as part of so called "Quiet Wing" Kits and for added fuel economy. Kelowna Flightcraft's maintenance division in Canada has installed winglets on Donald Trump's private 727-100s. He owns two examples of the aircraft. Rutan VariEze, the first aircraft to use winglets in 1975 Learjet 28/29, the first production jet aircraft to use winglets in 1977 McDonnell Douglas MD-11, one of the first airliners to benefit from winglet research Wingtip devices are usually intended to improve the efficiency of fixed-wing aircraft. ... Kelowna Flightcraft is a charter airline employing over 1200 people head quartered in Kelowna, British Columbia. ... Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946 in Queens, New York, New York) is an American business executive, entrepreneur, television and radio personality and author. ...

Interior close-up photo of the pilot and co-pilot area of a flight simulator for a Boeing 727 at the Pan Am International Flight Academy
Interior close-up photo of the pilot and co-pilot area of a flight simulator for a Boeing 727 at the Pan Am International Flight Academy

In addition to domestic flights of medium range, the 727 was popular with international passenger airlines. The range of flights it could cover (and the additional safety added by the third engine) meant that the 727 proved efficient for short to medium range international flights in areas around the world. Prior to its introduction, four-engined jets or propeller-driven airliners were required for transoceanic service. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (3008x2000, 886 KB) United States v. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (3008x2000, 886 KB) United States v. ...


The 727 also proved popular with cargo airlines and charter airlines. FedEx introduced 727s in 1978. 727s were the backbone of its fleet until recently, but FedEx is now phasing them out in favor of the Boeing 757. Many cargo airlines worldwide now employ the 727 as a workhorse, since as it is been phased out of U.S. domestic service due to noise regulations, it becomes available to overseas users in areas where such noise regulations have not yet been instituted. Charter airlines Sun Country, Champion Air, and Ryan International Airlines were all started with 727 aircraft. FedEx Express, based in Memphis, Tennessee, USA, is the worlds largest cargo airline. ... The Boeing 757 is an American short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... Categories: Airline stubs | Airline companies of the United States ... Champion Air (IATA: MG, ICAO: CCP, and Callsign: Champion Air) [1] is an airline based in Bloomington, Minnesota, USA. It operates general charter services, but has added scheduled charter flights to popular vacation destinations operated on behalf of MLT Vacations and Trans Global Vacations. ... For the unrelated European low-cost carrier, see Ryanair. ...


Other companies use the 727 as a way to transport passengers to their resorts or cruise ships. Such was the example of Carnival Cruise Lines, which used both the 727 and 737 to fly both regular flights and flights to transport their passengers to cities that harbored their ships. Carnival used the jets on its airline division, Carnival Air Lines. Pacific Sky sails under Sydney Harbour Bridge A cruise ship or a cruise liner is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, where the voyage itself and the ships amenities are considered an essential part of the experience. ... Carnival Cruise Lines is a cruise line operating a large number of cruise ships. ... The Boeing 737 is an American short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ... Carnival Air Lines (IATA: KW, ICAO: CAA, and Callsign: Carnival Air) was a charter and low-cost air division of Carnival Cruise Lines started in 1988 after Carnival Cruise Lines purchased Pacific Interstate Airlines. ...


Variants

Syrian Arab Airlines 727-269/Adv

There are two variants of the 727. The 727-100 was launched in 1960 and placed into service in February 1964. The 727-200 was launched in 1965 and placed into service in December 1967. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 665 pixel, file size: 233 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: Dmitry A. Mottl email: dm_at_mottl. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 665 pixel, file size: 233 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: Dmitry A. Mottl email: dm_at_mottl. ... Syrian Boeing 747SP Syrian Boeing 727 Syrian Arab Airlines (Arabic: مؤسسة الطيران العربية السورية), alternative name Syrianair (السورية) is the national flag-carrier airline of Syria, based in Damascus. ...


727-100

The first production model.

727-100C

Convertible version. The seats can be removed and cargo placed on the main deck.

727-100QC

QC stands for Quick Change. This is similar to the Convertible version, however design changes allowed much faster changeover time.

727-100QF

QF stands for Quiet Freighter. United Parcel Service cargo conversion, re-engined with Stage III-compliant Rolls-Royce Tay turbofans. United Parcel Service, Inc. ... Tay 650-15 installed on an Air Bagan Fokker F100 Tay 650-15 installed on an Air Bagan Fokker F100 The Rolls-Royce RB.183 Tay is a development of the RB.163 civil Spey, using the low-pressure components from the famous RB.211 to produce a version with...


727-200

Delta Air Lines 727-200.
Delta Air Lines 727-200.

Stretched version of the 727-100. The -200 is 20 feet longer than the -100 (133 feet, 2 inches longer). A ten foot "plug" was added in front of the wings and another ten foot "plug" was added behind them. The wing span and height remain the same on both the -100 and -200 (108 feet and 34 feet, respectively). The gross weight was increased from 169,000 to 209,500 pounds. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 506 KB) Summary Delta Air Lines Boeing 727-200 at Sarasota-Bradenton International Airport, taken by me and released into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 506 KB) Summary Delta Air Lines Boeing 727-200 at Sarasota-Bradenton International Airport, taken by me and released into the public domain. ... Delta Air Lines, Inc. ...


The dorsal intake of the number 2 engine was also redesigned to be round in shape, as opposed to oval as it was on the 100 series.

Advanced 727-200

MTOW and range increased. Also, Cabin improvements

Advanced 727-200F

All freight version of the 727-200.

Super 27

Speed increased by 50 mph, due to replacement of the two side engines with the JT8D-217, which are also found on many MD-80s, and addition of hush kits to the center engine. These aftermarket modifications were performed by companies independent of Boeing, such as Valsan and Dee Howard.


Operators

Major airlines that have flown the jet include Aerocontinente, AeroSur, Aerolíneas Argentinas, Aerolíneas Internacionales, Aeroperu, Air Canada, Air France,Air Portugal, ANA, Alitalia, American, Ansett, ASTAR, ATA Airlines, Avensa, Avianca, Aviacsa, Braniff International, China Airlines, Continental Airlines, Continental Micronesia, Copa, CP Air, Delta Air Lines, Dominicana, Eastern Air Lines, FedEx, First Air, Iberia, Iran Air, Japan Airlines, JAT, Korean Air, Lloyd Aereo Boliviano, Lufthansa, Mexicana, LaNica Nicaraguan Airlines, Northeast Airlines, Northwest Airlines, Olympic Airways, Paramountjet, Pan Am, People Express, Philippine Airlines, Pride Air, Republic Airlines (1979-1986), Royal Air Maroc, Sabena, Singapore Airlines, South African Airways, TAA, Transbrasil, United Airlines, US Airways, Varig, VASP, Viasa, Western Airlines and, among charter airlines, Carnival Air Lines, Tame and Hapag-Lloyd. Nuevo Continente is an airline based in Lima, Peru. ... Aerosur (Compania Boliviana de Transporte Aereo Privado) is an airline based in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia. ... Aerolíneas Argentinas is Argentinas largest domestic and international airline. ... Aerolíneas Internacionales S.A. de C.V. was born on July, 1993 by Ing. ... Aeroperu (shorter for Empresa Nacional de Aeronavegación del Perú, SA) was the national flag air carrier of Peru. ... Air Canada is Canadas largest airline and flag carrier. ... Air France (formally Société Air France) is Europes largest airline company. ... Categories: Organization stubs | Airlines of Portugal ... All Nippon Airways Co. ... Alitalia - Linee Aeree Italiane (ISE: IT0003331888) is the national airline of Italy. ... Ansett Australia or Ansett was a major Australian domestic and international airline, flying many passengers around Australia and to many destinations in Asia at its height in 1996. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... ATA Airlines, Inc. ... Avensa (Aerovias Venezolanas Sociedad Anonima) is Venezuelas national airline. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Aviacsa (Consorcio Aviaxsa, S.A. de C.V.) is an airline based in Monterrey, Mexico. ... One of many different airplane livery designs of Braniff International Airlines. ... Not to be confused with Air China, the national airline of Peoples Republic of China. ... Continental Airlines (NYSE: CAL) is a U.S. certificated air carrier. ... Continental Micronesia is a wholly owned subsidiary airline of Continental Airlines. ... The Child Online Protection Act (COPA) is a law in the United States of America, passed in 1998 with the declared purpose of protecting children from harmful sexual material on the internet. ... Canadian Pacific Airlines, also called CP Air, was a Canadian airline that operated from 1942 to 1987. ... Delta Air Lines, Inc. ... Dominicana de Aviacion was the national and international airline of the Dominican Republic. ... This article is about the defunct U.S. air carrier Eastern Air Lines. ... Federal Express redirects here. ... First Air is an airline based in Carp, Ontario, Canada. ... Airbus A321-200 Iberia Líneas Aéreas de España, S.A., (IBEX-35:IBLA) (Iberia Airlines of Spain in English), usually shortened to Iberia, is the largest airline of Spain, based in Madrid and is the Spanish flag carrier. ... Iran Air is the flag carrier airline of Iran, based in Tehran. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Jat Airways is the national airline of Serbia and the former national carrier of Yugoslavia, based in Belgrade. ... Korean Air (formerly Korean Air Lines) (KRXS: 003490) (Korean Air Daehan Hanggong) is the flag carrier airline of Korea, its global headquarters is located in Seoul, Korea. ... LAB Boeing 727-200 (CP-1366) at Cochabamba Airport Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano (LAB Airlines) was the national and international passenger airline of Bolivia, based in Cochabamba. ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the second largest airline in Europe (after Air France - KLM). ... Mexicana de Aviación (commonly known by the shorter name Mexicana) is Mexicos second largest airline company, after Aeroméxico, and the worlds third oldest airline still using its original name, after Hollands KLM and Colombias Avianca. ... // Yellow Birds Around 1966, Northeast began repainting some of their aircraft and called their bright new yellow paint scheme The Yellowbird scheme. ... Northwest Airlines (NYSE: NWA), occasionally known as NWA, is an American airline headquartered in Eagan, Minnesota, near Minneapolis-St. ... Olympic Airlines Boeing 737 Olympic Airlines (Ολυμπιακές Αερογραμμές - O.A.) is the state-run, flag carrier of Greece. ... Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) was the United States principal international airline from the 1930s until its collapse in 1991, and was credited with many innovations that shaped the international airline industry. ... People Express Airlines, aka PEOPLExpress, was a U.S. no-frills airline that operated from 1981 to 1987. ... Philippine Airlines, also known historically as Philippine Air Lines (PAL), is the national airline of the Philippines. ... Pride Air is a defunct United States airline which operated for three months during 1985. ... RC timetable, April 1985 Republic Airlines (IATA: RC, ICAO: REP, and Callsign: Republic) was an airline formed on 1 July 1979 by the merger of North Central Airlines and Southern Airways. ... Royal Air Maroc (commonly called RAM) is the national airline of Morocco, based in Casablanca, the airline is the fourth-largest in Africa (behind South African Airways and Egyptair, Air Algerie). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Singapore Airlines Limited (Abbreviation: SIA; Chinese: ; pinyin: , abbreviated ; Malay: ; Tamil: ) (SGX: S55) is the national airline of Singapore. ... South African Airways (SAA) is South Africas largest domestic and international airline company, with hubs in Cape Town and Johannesburg. ... Trans Australia Airlines or TAA (IATA TN, renamed Australian Airlines in 1986) was one of the two major Australian domestic airlines between its inception in 1946 and its sale to Qantas in 1992. ... Transbrasil was a Brazilian International Airline which stopped operations in December, 2001. ... United Airlines, also known as United Air Lines, Inc. ... US Airways is an American low-cost airline[1] headquartered in Tempe, Arizona, owned by US Airways Group, Inc. ... Varig Boeing 737-300 Varig (Viação Aérea RIo Grandense) is an airline owned by Gol Transportes Aéreos based in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... VASP (Viação Aérea São Paulo) was an airline based in São Paulo, Brazil. ... Viasa was a Venezuelan airline. ... A new restoration of a Convair 240 sports a Western Airlines paint scheme. ... A charter airline is one that operates charter flights, that is flights that take place outside normal schedules, by a hiring arrangement with a particular customer. ... Carnival Air Lines (IATA: KW, ICAO: CAA, and Callsign: Carnival Air) was a charter and low-cost air division of Carnival Cruise Lines started in 1988 after Carnival Cruise Lines purchased Pacific Interstate Airlines. ... TAME is the abbrevisation of Teachers Association for Media Education, an association for teachers using media production as a mean of educating. ... Hapag-Lloyd Airlines (in German, Hapag-Lloyd Flug) is a charter airline based in Germany. ...


In August 2007, a total of 620 Boeing 727 aircraft (all variants) were in airline service. Major operators include: FedEx (95), United Parcel Service (33), Amerijet International (10), Astar Air Cargo (29), Capital Cargo International Airlines (13), Cargojet Airways (12), Champion Air (16), Custom Air Transport (17), Kelowna Flightcraft (15), Kitty Hawk Aircargo (26), Transafrik (11), Hewa Bora Airways (9), Lloyd Aereo Boliviano (9) and Transmile Air Services (9), Varig Log (8), Líneas Aéreas Suramericanas (8), Safair (7), Syrianair (6).[1] Some 104 other airlines also operate smaller numbers of the type.[1] Federal Express redirects here. ... United Parcel Service, Inc. ... Amerijet International is a cargo airline based in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA. It operates all-jet cargo services to destinations in Central America, South America and the Caribbean. ... ASTAR Air Cargo is an American cargo airline based in Miami, Florida, USA. It operates regularly secheduled cargo charter services to over 34 US airports and nine international airports, as well as worldwide charter freight services. ... Capital Cargo International Airlines is a cargo airline based in Orlando, Florida, USA. It provides on-demand and wet-lease aircraft programmes. ... Cargojet Airways is a cargo airline based in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. ... Champion Air (IATA: MG, ICAO: CCP, and Callsign: Champion Air) [1] is an airline based in Bloomington, Minnesota, USA. It operates general charter services, but has added scheduled charter flights to popular vacation destinations operated on behalf of MLT Vacations and Trans Global Vacations. ... Custom Air Transport is a cargo airline based in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA. It operates cargo services on behalf of Charter America, which includes several postal contracts. ... Kelowna Flightcraft is a charter airline employing over 1200 people head quartered in Kelowna, British Columbia. ... Kitty Hawk Aircargo is a cargo airline based in Texas, USA. It operates domestic overnight freight charter services. ... Hewa Bora Airways is an airline based in the Democratic Republic of the Congo operating domestic and regional services. ... LAB Boeing 727-200 (CP-1366) at Cochabamba Airport Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano (LAB Airlines) was the national and international passenger airline of Bolivia, based in Cochabamba. ... Transmile Air Services is an cargo airline based in Malaysia. ... Varig Logística (aka Varig Log) is a cargo airline, subsidiary of Varig, based in São Paulo, Brazil. ... Lineas Aereas Suramericanas (IATA: , ICAO: LAU, and Callsign: Suramericano) is a cargo airline based in Bogotá, Colombia. ... Safair is an aircraft charter, cargo and leasing company based in South Africa. ... Syrian Boeing 747SP Syrian Arab Airlines (alternative name Syrianair) is the national flag-carrier airline of Syria. ...


Zero-Gravity Corporation uses a modified Boeing 727 to give paying customers a brief experience of weightlessness, similar to NASA's Vomit Comet that is used to train astronauts. In addition, the 727 has seen sporadic government use, having flown for the Belgian, Yugoslavian, Mexican and New Zealand air forces, among the small group of government agencies that have used it. The United States military used the 727 as a military transport, designated as the C-22. The 727 that carried New Zealand Prime Minister Jim Bolger was known as Spud One. The New Zealand Air Force 727s have since been replaced by 757s. Commercial parabolic flight operator using a fleet of Boeing 727 jets to create an environment of reduced gravity similar to NASAs Vomit Comet. ... Project Mercury astronauts on C-131 flying as Vomit Comet, 1959 Weightlessness inside the Vomit Comet Vomit Comet is a nickname for any airplane that briefly provides a nearly weightless environment in which to train astronauts, conduct research, and film motion pictures. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in the Latin alphabet, Југославија in Cyrillic; English: South Slavia, or literary The Land of South Slavs) describes three political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... For a particular Air Force, see List of air forces. ... The Boeing C-22B, a 727-100, is the primary medium-range aircraft used by the Air National Guard and National Guard Bureau to airlift personnel. ... The Right Honourable James Brendan Jim Bolger, ONZ, (born 31 May 1935) was Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1990 to 1997. ... Spud One was an informal name adopted by civil servants for the Boeing 727 aircraft of No. ...


The 727 carries the distinction of being one of the two planes used by all six US legacy carriers, the other being the Boeing 757. The Boeing 757 is an American short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ...


Specifications

Measurement 727-100 727-200
Length 40.6 m or 133 ft 2 in 46.7 m or 153 ft 2 in
Span 32.9 m or 108 ft
Height 10.3 m or 34 ft
Zero fuel weight 45,360 kg (100,000 lb)
Maximum take-off weight 76,818 kg (169,000 lb) 95,227 kg (209,500 lb)
Cruising speed .81 Mach
Maximum speed .90 Mach
Range fully loaded   5000 km (2700 NM) 4450 km (2400 NM)
Max. fuel capacity   31,000 liters 8,186 US gal 37,020 liters or 9,806 US gal
Engines (3x) P&W JT8D-7, -17R&S
Cockpit crew Three
Max seating capacity 149 189

For many years, the 727-200 had the most heavily loaded tires of any production aircraft, with a maximum rated load of 45,240 lb (20,520 kg) per main landing gear tire when the aircraft is fully loaded. Due to complaints about damage to airport pavement caused by the 727, subsequent heavy transport airplanes such as the Boeing 747 were designed with multiple sets of main gear tires to reduce the weight resting on each tire. The maximum tire load of the 727 was only recently exceeded by heavier variants of the Boeing 777. A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The pound or pound-mass (abbreviations: lb, , lbm, or sometimes in the United States: #) is a unit of mass (sometimes called weight in everyday parlance) in a number of different systems, including the imperial and US and older English systems. ... An F/A-18 Hornet breaking the sound barrier. ... A nautical mile or sea mile is a unit of length. ... The gallon (abbreviation: gal) is a unit of volume. ... This section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Boeing 747, sometimes nicknamed the Jumbo Jet,[4][5] is long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing in the United States. ... The Boeing 777 is an American long-range wide-body twin-engine airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ...


Sales

Image:B727 Orders Deliveries.jpg Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (823x377, 90 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...


Orders

 1983   1982   1981   1980   1979   1978   1977   1976   1975   1974   1973   1972 
1 11 38 68 98 125 133 113 50 88 92 119
 1971   1970   1969   1968   1967   1966   1965   1964   1963   1962   1961   1960 
26 48 64 66 125 149 187 83 20 10 37 80

Deliveries

 1984   1983   1982   1981   1980   1979   1978   1977   1976   1975   1974   1973 
8 11 26 94 131 136 118 67 61 91 91 92
 1972   1971   1970   1969   1968   1967   1966   1965   1964   1963   1962   1961 
41 33 55 114 160 155 135 111 95 6 0 0

Incidents

  • Hull-loss accidents: 86 - with a total of 3851 fatalities.
  • Other occurrences: 15 - with a total of 256 fatalities.
  • Hijackings: 180 - with a total of 90 fatalities.
  • On November 11, 1965 a United Airlines Boeing 727-122 departed New York-LaGuardia for a flight to San Francisco via Cleveland, Chicago, Denver, and Salt Lake City. Flight 227 crashed on landing at Salt Lake International Airport, due to belated pilot action in arresting the normal descent rate just before touchdown (both pilots had only recently transitioned from propeller-driven airliners to the 727, and were not used to the relative delay in jet-engine spool-up time when throttles are advanced). The aircraft landed 335 feet short of the runway's end and collided with the threshold lights of runway 34L. The excessive landing impact drove the main landing gear struts through the wing structure, which sheared fuel lines. The spilling fuel ignited as the plane slid down the runway. N7030U slid for 2838 feet and the fire, spreading forward from the engine area, caused the deaths of 43 of the 91 people on board.
  • In 1971, an Alaska Airlines Boeing 727-193 operating as flight 1866 crashed into a mountain while on approach to Juneau, Alaska. The cause included the crew's receiving misleading navigational information. All seven crew members and 104 passengers were killed.
  • In 1971, D. B. Cooper hijacked Northwest Airlines Flight 305 when it was en route from Portland, Oregon to Seattle, Washington. After receiving a payment of $200,000 and 4 parachutes when he was in Seattle, he told the pilots to fly to Mexico, and jumped down from the aft airstairs over Washington or Oregon. Cooper's fate is currently unknown.
  • In 1972, during an attempted coup d'état, jets from the Royal Moroccan Air Force fired upon the Boeing 727 of King Hassan II of Morocco while he was traveling to Rabat. After the aircraft survived the attack, the king awarded the plane a medal of honor.
  • In 1973, on February 21, a Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 114 Boeing 727-224 flying over the Sinai Desert was shot by Israeli air forces that suspected it of being an enemy military plane. Of 113 people on board, 108 died.
  • In 1978, PSA Flight 182, a Pacific Southwest Airlines Boeing 727, crashed after colliding with a Cessna 172 aircraft in San Diego, killing 144 people.
  • In 1980, a Dan-Air Boeing 727-46 crashed in Tenerife. All on board were killed when the aircraft hit terrain while circling.
  • In 1982, VASP Flight 168, a Boeing 727-212A, a scheduled passenger flight from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil to Fortaleza crashed into a hillside on final approach to Fortaleza, killing all 137 people on board.
  • In 1985, an Iberia Boeing 727 crashed after striking a television antenna while landing in Bilbao, killing 148 people.
  • In 1996, 143 people were killed when an ADC Boeing 727 went down near Ejirin, Nigeria, losing control after taking evasive action to avoid a midair collision.
  • On May 25, 2003, a 727 registration number N844AA, formerly used by American Airlines, was stolen from Luanda's international airport in Angola. The mechanic who was on the plane, Ben Charles Padilla, has never been heard from again.

is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... United Airlines, also known as United Air Lines, Inc. ... LaGuardia Airport (IATA: LGA, ICAO: KLGA, FAA LID: LGA) is an airport serving New York City, New York, United States, located on the waterfront of Flushing Bay, and borders the neighborhoods of Astoria, Jackson Heights and East Elmhurst in the borough of Queens. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... Cleveland redirects here. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... United Airlines Flight 227 was a Boeing 727-22 which crashed on November 11, 1965 in Salt Lake City, United States. ... Salt Lake City International Airport is an airport located in Salt Lake City, Utah. ... Alaska Airlines, (NYSE: ALK) is an airline based in Seattle, Washington, United States. ... Alaska Airlines flight 1866 was the first fatal jet airliner crash of Alaska Airlines (sometimes incorrectly cited as the first fatal crash involving the airline)[1], an airline registered in the United States. ... Juneau redirects here. ... Dan Cooper redirects here. ... Dan Cooper redirects here. ... Coup redirects here. ... Royal Moroccan Air Force Insignia. ... King Hassan, pictured late in life. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 114 was a regularly-scheduled flight from Tripoli to Cairo via Benghazi. ... Sinai Peninsula, Gulf of Suez (west), Gulf of Aqaba (east) from Space Shuttle STS-40 The Sinai Peninsula (in Arabic, Shibh Jazirat Sina) is a triangle-shaped peninsula lying between the Mediterranean Sea (to the north) and Red Sea (to the south). ... Pacific Southwest Airlines (PSA) Flight 182, registration N533PS, was a Boeing 727-214 commercial airliner that collided over San Diego, California with a private Cessna 172 on September 25, 1978. ... Dan-Air (Dan Air Services Limited) is a defunct airline based in the United Kingdom. ... Flag of Tenerife Tenerife in the Canary Islands chain. ... VASP Flight 168, a Boeing 727-212A, serial number 21347, registered PP-SRK, was a scheduled passenger flight from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil to Fortaleza on June 8, 1982, which crashed into terrain while descending into Fortaleza, killing all 137 people on board. ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ... For the fortress and governors mansion in Puerto Rico, see La Fortaleza. ... Airbus A321-200 Iberia Líneas Aéreas de España, S.A., (IBEX-35:IBLA) (Iberia Airlines of Spain in English), usually shortened to Iberia, is the largest airline of Spain, based in Madrid and is the Spanish flag carrier. ... Aviation Development Company, or ADC Airlines, was an airline based in Calabar, Nigeria. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... On May 25, 2003, a Boeing 727-223 designated N844AA was stolen from Quatro de Fevereiro Airport in Luanda, Angola. ...

See also

  • The Russian Tupolev Tu-154 is a similar looking jet airliner. It has a differently shaped nose section, sharper sweepback angle (35° rather than 32°), and a pitot probe extending forward from the intersection of vertical and horizontal stabilizers. The Tu-154 has six-wheel main landing gear units retracting rearward into nacelles extending from the wing trailing edges, rather than the two-wheel units on the 727 which retract into the fuselage. The British Hawker Siddeley Trident was also similar, being a trijet, T-tail design, and was developed before the 727, in the late 1950s. The Trident is no longer in service although the Tu-154 still operates.

The Tupolev Tu-154 (NATO reporting name: Careless) is a Soviet medium-range trijet airliner, equivalent to the Boeing 727. ... Trident 1E The Trident, model DH121 or HS121, was a short/medium-range airliner designed by de Havilland in the 1950s, and built by the Hawker-Siddeley Group in the 1960s when de Havilland was merged, along with several other British aviation firms. ... A trijet is an aircraft powered by three jet engines. ...

External links

References

  1. ^ a b c Flight International, 3–9 October 2006
  2. ^ official boeing website, accessed 14 October 2007
  3. ^ "Boeing 727 series. Aircraft & Powerplant Corner."

Flight International (or Flight) is a leading global aerospace weekly. ... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

Related content

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Related development

Comparable aircraft

  • Boeing 757
  • Tupolev Tu-154
  • Yakovlev Yak-42
  • Douglas DC-9

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Boeing C-22B, a 727-100, is the primary medium-range aircraft used by the Air National Guard and National Guard Bureau to airlift personnel. ... The Boeing 707 is an American four-engine commercial passenger jet airliner developed by Boeing in the early 1950s. ... The Boeing 737 is an American short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ... The Boeing 757 is an American short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... The Tupolev Tu-154 (NATO reporting name: Careless) is a Soviet medium-range trijet airliner, equivalent to the Boeing 727. ... The three engined Yakovlev Yak-42 was designed as a replacement for the twin engined Tupolev Tu-134 jet. ... The Douglas DC-9 is a twin-engined jet airliner, first manufactured in 1965 and, in much modified form and under a succession of different names. ...

Related lists

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Boeing 727 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1672 words)
Eventually, the three airlines agreed on a trijet, and thus the 727 was born.
Since the 727 proved to be a reliable and versatile airliner that came to form the core of many start-up airlines' fleets, it is sometimes described as the "DC-3 of the Jet Age." Even as the larger 747s came about in 1970, international airlines still needed the 727.
Also, the 727 was one of the last airliners in service to have a three-person crew, including a flight engineer, a crewmember whose job is performed by computerized systems on newer planes.
Boeing 727 - definition of Boeing 727 in Encyclopedia (873 words)
The 727 proved so popular that many have described it as the "DC-3 of the Jet Age" meaning that the 727 is also a reliable and versatile plane that formed the core of many start-up airlines' fleets.
The 727 is also one of the loudest commercial jetliners, so most models in the United States must be fitted with Hush Kits to reduce engine noise if they are to land at most airports.
Also, the 727 was one of the last airliners in service to have a three person crew, including a Flight Engineer, a crewmember whose job is done by computerized systems on newer planes.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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