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Encyclopedia > Body Farm

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A Body Farm is used in the study of forensic anthropology: the study of human decomposition that occurs after death. Various forensic disciplines benefit from the studies done through a Body Farm, among them law enforcement, medical examiners and crime scene investigation. The research assists examiners in developing a better understanding and developing better methods of determining what the actual time of death was. The Federal Bureau of Investigation holds training courses at the University of Tennessee Body Farm, in order to expose agents to crime scene simulations where they have to dig up bodies. There are two such facilities in the United States. The Body Farm (1994) is a book by author Patricia Cornwell. ... Forensic anthropologists can help identify skeletonized human remains, such as these found lying in scrub in Western Australia, circa 1900-1910. ... Trinomial name Homo sapiens sapiens Linnaeus, 1758 Humans, or human beings, are bipedal primates belonging to the mammalian species Homo sapiens (Latin: wise man or knowing man) in the family Hominidae (the great apes). ... “Spoilage” redirects here. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Forensic science (often shortened to forensics) is the application of a broad spectrum of sciences to answer questions of interest to the legal system. ... For the band, see The Police. ... A coroner is the presiding officer of a special court to investigate deaths that occur under unusual circumstances where conventional criminal proceedings are not immediately called for. ... Forensic science (often shortened to forensics) is the application of a broad spectrum of sciences to answer questions of interest to the legal system. ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ... A crime scene is a location where an illegal act took place such as molestation, rape or illegal turnip smoking, and comprises the area from which most of the physical evidence is retrieved by [[forensics|forensic scientists] for example the reknowned criminal investigator and skilled forensic scientist, who is unfortunately...


Facilities in the United States

University of Tennessee - Knoxville

The original "Body Farm" is the University of Tennessee Forensic Anthropology Facility located a few miles from downtown off of Alcoa Hwy in Knoxville, Tennessee, behind the University of Tennessee Medical Center. The facility was founded by anthropologist Dr. William M. Bass in 1971, after he found that no such facilities existed that specifically studied decomposition. Nickname: The Marble City, K-Town, Big Orange Country, Knox Vegas, 865 Location within the U.S. State of Tennessee Coordinates: Cities in Tennessee Tennessee Government  - Mayor Bill Haslam (R) Area  - City 254. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... The University of Tennessee (UT), sometimes called the University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UT Knoxville or UTK), is the flagship institution of the statewide land-grant University of Tennessee public university system. ... Anthropology is the study of the physical and social characteristics of humanity through the examination of historical and present geographical distribution, cultural history, acculturation, and cultural relationships. ... Overview Dr. William M. Bass is a forensic anthropologist renowned for his research on human osteology and human decomposition. ... “Spoilage” redirects here. ...


It consists of a 1.6acre (12,140 ) wooded plot, surrounded by a razor wire fence. A number of bodies, originating from various sources, are scattered throughout the area. Some of the cadavers have laid unclaimed at the medical examiner's office, while over 800 people have voluntarily donated their bodies to the Body Farm. The bodies are exposed in a number of ways in order to provide insights into decomposition under varying conditions: some are left out in the open, some get buried in shallow graves or entombed in vaults, while some are even left in car trunks. An acre is the name of a unit of area in a number of different systems, including Imperial units and United States customary units. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... Image:Scheermes-prikkeldraad. ... A fence in Westtown Township, Pennsylvania A fence is a freestanding structure designed to restrict or prevent movement across a boundary. ... A cadaver is a dead body. ... A coroner is the presiding officer of a special court to investigate deaths that occur under unusual circumstances where conventional criminal proceedings are not immediately called for. ... Donation is a gift to a fund or cause, typically for charitable reasons. ... Ancient unreadable gravestones mark the position of graves in the parish churchyard at Bourton-on-the-Water, Gloucestershire, England A grave is a place where the body of a dead animal, generally human, is buried, often after a funeral. ... A burial vault is a sturdy box designed to protect the coffin inside of it. ...


Western Carolina University

Another facility in the United States, very similar to the first, is located at Western Carolina University in Cullowhee, North Carolina and is part of the Western Carolina Human Identification Laboratory. It was opened in 2006 and is run by WCU's Forensic Anthropology program on a few acres set aside on newly purchased land across from the rural mountain campus. The facility studies decomposition in the western North Carolina mountain habitat and is also used in cadaver dog training. Western Carolina University is one of the sixteen public universities that make up the University of North Carolina System. ... Cullowhee is a census-designated place and unincorporated community located in Jackson County, North Carolina. ...


Texas State University

A Forensic Anthropology Research Facility is currently under consideration within the Texas State University-San Marcos Department of Anthropology. They plan to have the body farm operational by the Fall of 2007, and will be part of the Forensic Anthropology Center at Texas State (F.A.C.T.S.).


Proposed facility in India

Roma Khan doing preliminary work on decomposition of cattle. She finally hopes to open up a Human Anthropological Facility (Popularly known as Body Farm), where similar decomposition on humans would be studied.
Roma Khan doing preliminary work on decomposition of cattle. She finally hopes to open up a Human Anthropological Facility (Popularly known as Body Farm), where similar decomposition on humans would be studied.

Roma Khan of India is taking leading steps towards making a Body Farm in India much on the lines of those existing in the US[1]. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2016 × 1512 pixel, file size: 337 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Roma Khan doing preliminary work on decomposition of cattle. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2016 × 1512 pixel, file size: 337 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Roma Khan doing preliminary work on decomposition of cattle. ...


Popular culture

The original UT Body Farm was the inspiration for a Patricia Cornwell novel of the same name (ISBN 0-425-14762-2), and is the also subject of the nonfiction Death's Acre by Dr. William M. Bass and Jon Jefferson (ISBN 0-399-15134-6). Author Mary Roach visited the UT Body Farm and wrote about the experience in a chapter of her non-fiction book about the use and handling of corpses, Stiff. Patricia Cornwell (born Patricia Carroll Daniels on June 9, 1956) is a contemporary American author. ... Overview Dr. William M. Bass is a forensic anthropologist renowned for his research on human osteology and human decomposition. ... Mary Roach at her Washington D.C. audition Mary Roach, 18, of Manassas, Virginia was one of many hopefuls who auditioned for American Idol Season 4. ...


The UT Body Farm has also appeared in several television shows including The Dead Zone (Season 4 Episode 10) and CSI: Crime Scene Investigation (Season 2 Episode 15). The Dead Zone is an American science fiction/suspense series starring Anthony Michael Hall as Johnny Smith, who discovers he has developed psychic abilities after a coma. ... CSI: Crime Scene Investigation is a popular Alliance Atlantis/CBS police procedural television series, running since October 2000, about a team of forensic scientists. ... Burden of Proof is the fifteenth episode from the second season of the popular crime drama CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, which is set in Las Vegas, Nevada. ...


A similar forensic setup appeared in Law and Order: Special Victims Unit (Episode 45). Though located in New York, the "Farm" effectively duplicated the procedures used in the eponymous institution. Waking the Dead episode Wren Boys also features a similar facility set in the London area in the United Kingdom. Law & Order: Special Victims Unit - Season 5 DVD Law & Order: Special Victims Unit (also known as Law & Order: SVU) is the first of three spin-offs of Law & Order (the other two being Law & Order: Criminal Intent and Law & Order: Trial by Jury; all series are presented on the NBC... For the L.A. Guns album, see Waking the Dead (album). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


A Body Farm was featured in the January 7 episode of Waking the Dead, where the new Forensic Pathologist Eve Lockhart is seen studying bodies in various stages of decomposition, and later explaining the practice to her colleagues. January 7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the L.A. Guns album, see Waking the Dead (album). ...


References

  1. ^ Aims and Objectives. Investigative Scientific & Anthropological Analysis Facility. Retrieved on 2006-12-27.
  • Roach, Mary. Stiff: The Curious Lives of Human Cadavers. W.W. Norton, 2003. 224 pages.

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ... Mary Roach at her Washington D.C. audition Mary Roach, 18, of Manassas, Virginia was one of many hopefuls who auditioned for American Idol Season 4. ...

See also

Forensic anthropologists can help identify skeletonized human remains, such as these found lying in scrub in Western Australia, circa 1900-1910. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Body - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (368 words)
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The human body consists of a head, neck, trunk, two arms, two legs and the genitals of the groin, which differ between males and females.
A body is also a held-together collection or group of physical objects or abstract ideas, and in particular an organisation.
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