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Encyclopedia > Bodo people
A Bodo girl in the traditional Bodo dokhna.
A Bodo girl in the traditional Bodo dokhna.

The Bodos, also called the Boros, are an ethnic community that is concentrated mostly in the north-western parts of Assam in India. They are said to belong to a larger classification of ethnicity called the Bodo-Kachari. The nerve center of the Bodos is the city of Kokrajhar. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (450x662, 92 KB) Summary A Bodo girl in the traditional Dokhna ©Gautam Chandra Baro Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (450x662, 92 KB) Summary A Bodo girl in the traditional Dokhna ©Gautam Chandra Baro Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Assam (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a northeastern state of India with its capital at Dispur. ... Bodo-Kachari is a generic term applied to a number of ethnic groups predominantly in Assam speaking Tibeto-Burman languages or claiming a common mythical ancestry. ... Kokrajhar is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India. ...

Contents


The Bodo-Kachari

Bodo women rearing silkworms.
Bodo women rearing silkworms.

See main article: Bodo-Kachari Image File history File links Silkworms. ... Image File history File links Silkworms. ... Bodo-Kachari is a generic term applied to a number of ethnic groups predominantly in Assam speaking Tibeto-Burman languages or claiming a common mythical ancestry. ...


Kachari is a generic term applied to a number of groups speaking a more or less common dialect or claiming a common mythical ancestry. They are regarded as aborigines or the earliest known settlers of the Bharmaputra Valley- which includes the whole of Assam, North Bengal and parts of Bangladesh. They are thought to have originated from Siberia, although remnants of their original stock have not been identified as yet. Siberia is also an album by Echo & The Bunnymen. ...


Based on an 1881 census, there were 18 groups within the Kachari definition, which included the Bodo, Dimasa, Lalumg, madani, Mech, Rabha, Saraniya, Garo (tribe), Rajbangshi (Koch), Chutiya, Moran, Hajong, Tippera (Tripuri), Mahalia, Dhimal, Solaimiya and Phulgaria. The Garos are a tribe in Meghalaya, India who call themselves Achik. ... The Tripuri people are the original inhabitants of the state of Tripura in North East India. ...


Some of the groups, such as Chutiya, Moran, Saraniya and Koch do not consider themselves as Kachari as they have been Hinduised. Other groups, such as the Garo, Rabha, Lalung and Hajong, having been isolated from the parental stock, have established separate identities. With the exception of the Garo, which is still matrilineal society, these groups once followed the rule of matriliny.


The Mech in Western Assam, the Bodo in central Assam, the Dimasa and Hojai to the north of Chachar Hills, and the Sonowal and Thengal in the eastern part of the Brahmaputra now represent the Kachari. The Brahmaputra is one of the major rivers of Asia. ...


The Bodo People

A Bodo woman returning from a fishing trip with a jekhai (a triangular fishing basket made of bamboo) over her shoulder.
A Bodo woman returning from a fishing trip with a jekhai (a triangular fishing basket made of bamboo) over her shoulder.

The Bodos are the largest tribe of the Brahmaputra valley. They are divided into a number of clans such as Basumatary, Sargwary, Mushahary, Ishlary, Boro, Sibigri, Narzary, Dwimary, Goyari and Brahma. Though the numbers are in dispute, the census report from 1971 state the Bodos as being the 8th largest tribal group in India, with Bodo being spoken by about 0.8 million people. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (502x746, 208 KB) Summary Bodo woman returning from a fishing trip with a jekhai (triangular fishing basket) over her shoulder ©Gautam Chandra Baro Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (502x746, 208 KB) Summary Bodo woman returning from a fishing trip with a jekhai (triangular fishing basket) over her shoulder ©Gautam Chandra Baro Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to...


The Bodo language is part of the Tibeto-Burmese family of languages. The tribe recently adopted the Devanagari script formally, although the Roman script has also been extensively used particularly due to the influence of Christian missionaries in that region. According to some scholars, the Bodo language had a script of its own called Deodhai. Bodo is a Tibeto-Burman language spoken by the Bodo people of north-eastern India and Nepal. ... The Tibeto-Burman linguistic subfamily of the proposed Sino-Tibetan language family is spoken in various central and south Asian countries: Myanmar (Burmese language), Tibet (Tibetan language), northern Thailand (Mong language), Nepal, Bhutan, India (Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and the Ladakh region of... Rigveda manuscript in Devanagari (early 19th century) Devanāgarī (देवनागरी — in English pronounced ) (ISCII – IS13194:1991) [1] is an abugida alphabet used to write several Indian languages, including Sanskrit, Hindi, Marathi, Kashmiri, Sindhi, Bihari, Bhili, Konkani, Bhojpuri and Nepali from Nepal. ... The Latin alphabet, also called the Roman alphabet, is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world. ... Deodhai was a language script used by ancient Bodos. ...


The Bodos are thought to have introduced rice cultivation and silkworm rearing to the region. The traditional favourite drink of the Bodos is Zu Mai- Zu meaning beer, and Mai meaning rice. Rice is a staple of the Bodos and is often accompanied by a non vegetarian dish such as fish or pork. Bodos are traditionally non-vegetarians.


Weaving is another integral part of Bodo culture. Many families rear their own silkworms, the cocoons of which are then spun into silk. Bodo girls are taught to weave from a young age, and no Bodo courtyard is complete without a loom. Most women weave their own Dokhnas (the traditional outfit of the Bodo women) and shawls. The Bodos are also expert craftsmen in bamboo products.


Religion

Bodo girls performing the Kherai dance.
Bodo girls performing the Kherai dance.
Drummers at the Kherai puja.
Drummers at the Kherai puja.

The Bodos practice a number of religions, with Bathou being the primary faith, along with Hinduism and Christianity. Image File history File links Kerai. ... Image File history File links Kerai. ... Image File history File links Drums2. ... Image File history File links Drums2. ...


Bathouism is not strictly animism, though it has been thought as such by outsiders. It is based on the belief of an infinite and eternal god called Obonglaoree. Legend has it that the infinite god became tired of his formless existence and shaped himself as a human being called Jiw Borai, or Old Soul.


Efforts have been made to identify Jiw Borai with the Hindu God Shiva. Several elements of Hinduism have been incorporated in the Bathou religion over time.


In the Bodo Language Ba means five and thou means deep. Five is a significant number in the Bathou religion.


There is no fixed place of worship for the Bodos. The altar is placed in any convenient location around the household, usually in the courtyard. For the Kherai Puja- the most important festival of the Bodos, the altar is placed in the paddy field. Other important festivals of the Bodos include Garja, Hapsa Hatarnai, Awnkham Gwrlwi Janai, Bwisagu and Domashi.


Despite the advance of Hinduism amongst the Bodos, Hindu practices such as caste and dowry are not practiced by the majority of Bodo Hindus.


The Bodos Now

The Bodos began their struggle for self-determination in earnest in 1989 under the leadership of Upendra Nath Brahma, who is now regarded as the father of the Bodos (Bodo-Fa). After a prolonged struggle to promote and develop Bodo culture and identity, the Bodos have today been granted the Bodoland Territorial Council, and autonomous administrative body that will have within its jursidiction the present district of Kokrajhar and adjoining areas. The movement for autonomy was headed by the All Bodo Students Union (ABSU) and an armed militant group called Bodo Liberation Tigers (BLT). Following the establishment of the BTC, the BLT have come overground. 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Upendranath Brahma is considered as the father of the Bodos (Bodofa). ... Kokrajhar is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India. ... All Bodo Students Union (ABSU) is a political organisation formed in 1967. ...


In 2006 Assam Assembly elections, the former BLT members under Hagrama Mohilary formed an alliance with the Indian National Congress and came to power in Dispur. 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


In addition the National Democratic Front of Boroland (NDFB) demands secession from India, to form an independent state of Bodoland and is still active in certain regions against the Indian government. Flag of the National Democratic Front of Bodoland The Bodo Security Force (BSF) was created in 1988, under the leadership of Ranjan Daimary. ... National colours of Bodoland Bodoland is the name adopted by the Bodo nationalists for an independent state they wish to create. ...


See Also

National colours of Bodoland Bodoland is the name adopted by the Bodo nationalists for an independent state they wish to create. ... On November 16, 1952, the Bodo Sahitya Sabha, the vanguard of Bodo language and literature, was founded at Basugaon, in the district of Kokrajhar, Assam consisting of representatives of Assam, West Bengal, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura and Nepal in abroad. ... Bodo is a Tibeto-Burman language spoken by the Bodo people of north-eastern India and Nepal. ...

References

  • The Bodos: Children of the Bhullumbutter, edited by Thomas Pulloppillil and Jacob Aluckal, first published 1997
  • Bodo-English Dictionary, by Moniram Mushahary, 1981

External links

  • Bodoland.org
  • National Democratic Front of Boroland
  • Assessment for Bodos in India

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bodo people - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (931 words)
The nerve center of the Bodos is the city of Kokrajhar.
The Bodos are thought to have introduced rice cultivation and silkworm rearing to the region.
The Bodos began their struggle for self-determination in earnest in 1989 under the leadership of Upendra Nath Brahma, who is now regarded as the father of the Bodos (Bodo-Fa).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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