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Encyclopedia > Bodmin
Bodmin
Statistics
Population: 12,778 (Civil Parish, 2001)
Ordnance Survey
OS grid reference: SX071665
Administration
Parish: Bodmin
District: North Cornwall
Shire county: Cornwall
Region: South West England
Constituent country: England
Sovereign state: United Kingdom
Other
Ceremonial county: Cornwall
Historic county: Cornwall
Services
Police force: Devon and Cornwall Constabulary
Fire and rescue: {{{Fire}}}
Ambulance: South Western
Post office and telephone
Post town: BODMIN
Postal district: PL31
Dialling code: 01208
Politics
UK Parliament: North Cornwall
European Parliament: South West England

Bodmin (Cornish: Bosvenegh) is a town in Cornwall, England, UK, with a population of 12,778 (2001 census). It is the county town of Cornwall - not Truro, which is merely the administrative centre. It is in the North Cornwall district. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x800, 11 KB) Summary Description: A blank map of the United Kingdom, with country outline and coastline; contact the author for help with modifications or add-ons Source: Reference map provided by Demis Mapper 6 Date: 2006-21-06 Author: User... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... A civil parish (usually just parish) in England is a subnational entity forming the lowest unit of local government, lower than districts or counties. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... North Cornwall is local government district in Cornwall, United Kingdom. ... Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... Cornwall (Cornish: Kernow) is a county in South West England on the peninsula that lies to the west of the River Tamar. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... South West England is one of the regions of England. ... Constituent country is an official term used to describe three of the four principal component parts of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK): England; Scotland; Wales. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2005 est. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... The Ceremonial counties of England are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government with reference to the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England. ... Cornwall (Cornish: Kernow) is a county in South West England on the peninsula that lies to the west of the River Tamar. ... The historic counties of England are ancient subdivisions of England. ... Cornwall (Cornish: Kernow) is a county in South West England on the peninsula that lies to the west of the River Tamar. ... There are a number of policing agencies in the United Kingdom. ... Devon and Cornwall Constabulary is the Home Office police force responsible for policing the counties of Devon and Cornwall and the unitary authorities of Plymouth, Torbay and the Isles of Scilly. ... A fire engine belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... This is a list of ambulance services in the United Kingdom: Ambulance services in England, after July 1, 2006 are A few deviations from the above have been made for operational reasons. ... The South Western Ambulance Service NHS Trust is the authority responsible for providing NHS ambulance services in the counties of Devon, Cornwall, Somerset and Dorset (including the Bournemouth, Plymouth, Poole, Torbay and Isles of Scilly unitary authorities) in South West England. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... Creation 1918 MP Dan Rogerson Party Liberal Democrat Type House of Commons County Cornwall EP constituency South West England North Cornwall is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Sign in the entrance of the European Parliament building in Brussels, written in all the official languages used in the European Union as of July 2006 The European Parliament building in Strasbourg The debating chamber, or hemicycle, in Strasbourg The European Parliament building in Brussels The European Parliament (formerly European... South West England is a constituency of the European Parliament. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a residential community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... Cornwall (Cornish: Kernow) is a county in South West England on the peninsula that lies to the west of the River Tamar. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2005 est. ... A county town is the capital of a county in Ireland or the United Kingdom. ... Statistics Population: 17,431 (Civil Parish, 2001) Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: SW825445 Administration Parish: Truro District: Carrick Shire county: Cornwall Region: South West England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Cornwall Historic county: Cornwall Services Police force: Devon and Cornwall Constabulary Fire and rescue: {{{Fire... North Cornwall is local government district in Cornwall, United Kingdom. ...

Contents

Situation

Bodmin lies in the centre of Cornwall, along the western edge of Bodmin Moor. St. Petroc founded a priory in Bodmin in the 6th century and gave the town its alternate name of Petrockstow. Bodmin is one of the oldest towns in the county, and the only Cornish settlement of size recorded in the Domesday Book of the late 11th century. In the 15th century the Norman church of St. Petroc was heavily rebuilt and stands as one of the largest churches in Cornwall. Also built at that time was an abbey, now mostly ruined. For most of Bodmin's history, the tin industry was a mainstay of the economy. The Cheeswring, a granite tor on the southern edge of Bodmin Moor (Photo by Mick Knapton) Bodmin Moor is a granite moorland in northeastern Cornwall, England, 208 km² in size, dating from the Carboniferous period of geological history. ... Saint Petroc (sometimes spelt Petrock, also Pedrog in Welsh and Perreux in French) (c. ... This Buddhist stela from China, Northern Wei period, was built in the early 6th century. ... A line drawing entitled Domesday Book from Andrew Williamss Historic Byways and Highways of Old England. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... General Name, Symbol, Number tin, Sn, 50 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 14, 5, p Appearance silvery lustrous gray Atomic mass 118. ...


Origin of the name

It has been suggested that the town's name comes from an archaic word in the Cornish "bod" (meaning a dwelling; the later word is "bos") and a contraction of "menegh" (monks). This speculation is both unproven and unproveable since the name is also thought to predate the institution of the monastery which is popularly supposed to support it; it may however refer to an earlier monastic settlement instituted by St. Guron, which St. Petroc took as his site. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


History

Bodmin was the centre of three Cornish uprisings. The first was the Cornish Rebellion of 1497 when a Cornish army, led by Michael An Gof, a blacksmith from St. Keverne. and Thomas Flamank, a lawyer from Bodmin, marched to Blackheath in London where they were eventually defeated by 10,000 men of the King's army under Baron Daubeny. Then, in the Autumn of 1497, a man named Perkin Warbeck tried to usurp the throne from Henry VII. Warbeck was proclaimed King Richard IV in Bodmin but Henry had little difficulty crushing the uprising. Finally, in 1549, Cornishmen rose once again in rebellion when the staunchly Protestant Edward VI tried to impose a new Prayer Book. Cornish people were still strongly attached to the Catholic religion and again a Cornish army was formed in Bodmin which marched across the border to lay siege to Exeter in Devon. This became known as the Prayer Book Rebellion. Proposals to translate the Prayer Book into Cornish were suppressed and in total 4,000 people were killed in the rebellion. The Cornish Rebellion of 1497 was a popular uprising in 1497 by the tin miners of Cornwall in the south west of Britain. ... Michael An Gof (also known as Michael Joseph; An Gof is Cornish for blacksmith) and Thomas Flamank (a Bodmin landowners son and London lawyer) led the Cornish Rebellion of 1497, in which rebels marched on London to protest at King Henry VIIs levying of a tax with which... St. ... Thomas Flamank was a lawyer from Cornwall who together with Michael An Gof led the Cornish Rebellion against taxes in 1497. ... Perkin Warbeck (c. ... Henry VII (January 28, 1457 – April 21, 1509), King of England, Lord of Ireland (August 22, 1485 – April 21, 1509), was the founder and first patriarch of the Tudor dynasty. ... Edward VI (12 October 1537 – 6 July 1553) became King of England and Ireland on 28 January 1547, at just nine years of age. ... A Modern Prayer Book The Book of Common Prayer is the prayer book of the Church of England and also the name for similar books used in other churches in the Anglican Communion. ... The Prayer Book Rebellion or Western Rebellion occurred in the southwest of England in 1549. ...


Sites of interest

Bodmin Gaol, now a semi-ruin, was built in the late 18th century, and was the first British prison to hold prisoners in separate cells (though often up to 10 at a time) rather than communally. This was also site of Britain's last public hanging in 1809. Also, during World War I the prison held some of Britain's priceless national treasures including the Domesday Book and the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom. Bodmin Gaol (alternatively Bodmin Jail) is a tourist attraction and former prison situated in Bodmin, on the edge of Bodmin Moor in Cornwall. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Suicide by hanging. ... Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Paul... A line drawing entitled Domesday Book from Andrew Williamss Historic Byways and Highways of Old England. ... Coronation Chair and Regalia of England The collective term Crown Jewels denotes the regalia and vestments worn by the sovereign of the United Kingdom during the coronation ceremony and at various other state functions. ...


Other buildings of interest include the former Shire Hall, now a tourist information centre, and the Regimental Barracks of the now defunct Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, now a regimental museum. It includes the history of the regiment from 1702, plus a military library. The original barracks make the regimental museum and it was founded in 1925. There is a fine collection of small arms and machine guns, plus maps, uniforms and paintings on display. County Hall County Hall is a building in Lambeth, London, that was used as the headquarters of London County Council and later the Greater London Council (GLC). ... The Duke of Cornwalls Light Infantry was the 32nd Regiment of Foot of the British Army. ...


In 1966 the "Finn VC Estate" was named in honour of Victoria cross winner James Henry Finn who once lived in the Town. 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... Victoria Cross medal, ribbon, and bar. ... Photo submitted by Martin Hornby - (Gallaher Cigarette Cards) James Henry Fynn was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ...


Transportation

Bodmin Parkway railway station is served by main line trains and is situated on the Great Western Main Line about 3.5 miles south-east from the town centre. A heritage railway, the Bodmin and Wenford Railway, runs from Bodmin Parkway station via Bodmin General railway station to Boscarne Junction where there is access to the Camel Trail. Bodmin Parkway, looking east Bodmin Parkway (formerly Bodmin Road) serves the nearby town of Bodmin in Cornwall. ... Categories: Rail stubs | British railway lines ... A scene on a heritage railway. ... GWR 0-6-0PT 5700 Class, no. ... The Camel Trail is a disused and resurfaced railway line in Cornwall (United Kingdom) that provides a recreational route for walkers, cyclists and horse riders. ...


Town twinning

Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Bederkesa or Bad Bederkesa is a village and a municipality in the district of Cuxhaven, in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Grass Valley is a city in Nevada County, California, United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Traditional coat of arms Modern flag (Gwenn-ha-du) Historical province of Brittany région of Bretagne, see Bretagne. ...

See also

This is a list of topics related to Cornwall, UK. The Cornwall category contains a more comprehensive selection of Cornish articles. ...

External links

  • A Brief History of Bodmin
  • About Bodmin
  • Bodmin Town Council

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Bodmin Moor Pages - The Moors (0 words)
The grain of the Bodmin Moor landscape reflects the granite dominance.
Though Bodmin Moor covers a comparatively small area, the open, gently curving nature of the plateau landform, punctuated by rocky tors, creates a surprising sense of scale, remoteness and even desolation.
All of Bodmin Moor is privately owned and the landowners are known as the 'Lords of the Manor'.
Bodmin (338 words)
Bodmin, formerly the capital of the county, is a centrally located town, that is in easy reach of either coast.
On the outskirts of Bodmin are the woods of Dunmere which are well worth exploring has are the grounds and house at Lanhydrock, Castle Kynoc is also close by and if you like to be spooked then Bodmin Jail, in the heart of the town, is a must see.
Bodmin is a vibrant town that has undergone some startling transformations in the past few years, with major rebuilding in certain areas of the town, and some fantastic new facilities for locals and tourists alike.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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