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Encyclopedia > Bochum

Coordinates: 51°29′N, 7°13′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Bochum
Coat of arms of Bochum Location of Bochum in Germany

Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Administrative region Arnsberg
District urban district
Population 382,087 source (2005)
Area 145.4 km²
Population density 2,658 /km²
Elevation 103 m
Coordinates 51°29′ N 7°13′ E
Postal code 44701–44894
Area code 0234, 02327
Licence plate code BO
Mayor Ottilie Scholz (SPD)
Website bochum.de

Bochum is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the Ruhr area between the cities of Essen and Dortmund. Image File history File links Stadtwappen_der_kreisfreien_Stadt_Bochum. ... Image File history File links Lage_der_Stadt_Bochum_in_Deutschland. ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... North Rhine-Westphalia (German: , usually shortened to NRW) is - in terms of population and economic output - the largest and westernmost Federal State of Germany. ... A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... Arnsberg is one of the five Regierungsbezirke of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, located in the south-east of the country. ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... This is a list of urban districts in Germany. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... See Cartesian coordinate system or Coordinates (elementary mathematics) for a more elementary introduction to this topic. ... German Postleitzahl map of the first two digits Postal codes in Germany, known as Postleitzahl (pl. ... see also Telephone numbering plan of Germany for further codes including service numbers, cell phones etc. ... German car number plates (Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Social Democratic Party of Germany Spectral Power Density ... A website (or Web site) is a collection of web pages, images, videos and other digital assets and hosted on a particular domain or subdomain on the World Wide Web. ... North Rhine-Westphalia (German: , usually shortened to NRW) is - in terms of population and economic output - the largest and westernmost Federal State of Germany. ... Map of the Ruhr Area The Ruhr Area (German Ruhrgebiet, colloquially Ruhrpott or Kohlenpott or simply Pott) is an urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, consisting of a number of large (former) industrial cities bordered by the rivers Ruhr to the south, Rhine to the west, and Lippe to... Essen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Dortmund is a city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. ...

Contents

History

Although Bochum was founded in the 14th century, the town was insignificant until the 19th century, when coal mining and steel industry emerged in the Ruhr area, leading to the growth of the entire region. The population of Bochum increased tenfold between 1850 and 1890. This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... The steel cable of a colliery winding tower. ... Year 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ...


In World War II the city was heavily bombed by English and American bombers. Nearly the whole inner circle of the city was destroyed and many thousand citizens were killed.


Between 1960 and 1980, all the mines were closed. Other industries, such as car making, compensated for the loss of jobs. In 1965 the Ruhr University was opened, the first university in the Ruhr area and the first to be founded in Germany since World War II. In the course of a comprehensive community reform in 1975, Wattenscheid, a formerly independent city, was integrated into the urban area of Bochum. An exerted local referendum against the integration failed. 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Automakers are companies that produce automobiles. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Ruhr-University, Audi Max The Ruhr University (German Ruhr-Universität Bochum, RUB), located on the southern hills of central Ruhr area Bochum, was founded in 1962, the first new public university in Germany after World War II. Classes opened in 1965. ... Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Wattenscheid was once a separate town in the North Rhine-Westphalia region of Germany. ...


The football club VfL Bochum was promoted to the First Division (1. Bundesliga) for the beginning of the season of 2006/07. However, they are struggling against relegation from day 1 because of limited financial means due to the strong competition with the neighbourhood teams Borussia Dortmund and FC Schalke 04 of Gelsenkirchen. Football (soccer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... VfL Bochum is a German football club based in Bochum, North Rhine-Westphalia. ... BV Borussia Dortmund is a German football club based in Dortmund, North Rhine-Westphalia. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Gelsenkirchen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...


Two castles from the Middle Ages survive on the northern banks of the Ruhr river. More famous are the German Mining Museum, the musical Starlight Express (opening show in 1988) and the nostalgic Train Museum in the borough of Dahlhausen. Pierrefonds Castle, France Castle has a history of scholarly debate surrounding its exact meaning. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... For the conurbation see Ruhr Area. ... Broadway Logo, 1987 // Starlight Express is a through-composed rock opera by Andrew Lloyd Webber (music) and Richard Stilgoe (lyrics), with later revisions by Don Black and David Yazbek. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dahlhausen is a South-Western district of the city of Bochum in North Rhine-Westphalia] in Germany. ...


Bochum has it's own brewery, Moritz Fiege which produces pilsner, a low alcohol pilsner & hell style beers.


Transport

Bochum is connected to the Autobahn network by the A 40 and A 43 autobahns. It has a central station situated on the line from Duisburg to Dortmund, connecting the city to the long-distance network of Deutsche Bahn as well as to the S-Bahn network of Rhine-Ruhr. Local service is carried out by the BOGESTRA, a joint venture between the cities of Bochum and Gelsenkirchen. There is a single underground Stadtbahn line connecting the University of Bochum to Herne, and several tram lines connecting to Gelsenkirchen and Witten. Public transport in the city is carried out according to the fare system of the VRR transport association. It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... The A40 is one of the most frequented Autobahns in Germany. ... Bundesautobahn 43 (translates from German as Federal Motorway 43, short form Autobahn 43, abbreviated as BAB 43 or A 43) is an autobahn in western Germany, connecting Münster via Recklinghausen to Wuppertal. ... Duisburg is a German city and port in the western part of the Ruhr Area (Ruhrgebiet) in North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Dortmund is a city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. ... Germanys main train operator, the Deutsche Bahn AG (German Railway Corporation, also known as DB or DBAG) provides passenger and freight service via federally owned tracks. ... The S-Bahn is a suburban metro railway network in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. ... The Rhein-Ruhr Area in Germany, ranks among the large metropolitan areas in the world, estimated at about 12 million people[citation needed] - 1,699/km². It spreads from the Ruhr area megalopolis in the north to the urban areas of the cities of Düsseldorf, Wuppertal, and Cologne in... The Bochum-Gelsenkirchener Straßenbahnen AG (abbreviated BOGESTRA, German for Bochum - Gelsenkirchen Tramways Corporation) is a public transport operator in the Ruhr area, most notably in the cities of Bochum and Gelsenkirchen. ... Stadtbahn signet as used in North Rhine-Westphalia Stadtbahn (literally in German: city railway) is a term for light rail systems in operation in Germany. ... Herne is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... For other uses, see Witten (disambiguation). ... VRR area The Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr (abbreviated VRR) is the public transport association covering the area of the Rhine-Ruhr megalopolis in Germany. ...


Twin towns

Bochum's twin towns are For the 1997 film, see Twin Town Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_England_(bordered). ... For other uses, see Sheffield (disambiguation). ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Location Map of Ukraine with Donetsk highlighted. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Roland statue in Nordhausen Twinning The city is twinned with Bet Shemesh in Israel Charleville-Mézières in France Bochum Ostrów Wielkopolski in Poland Nordhausen is a city of about 45,000 people at the southern border of the Harz mountains, in the state of Thuringia, Germany. ... The Free State of Thuringia (German: Freistaat Thüringen) is located in central Germany and is considered one of the smaller of Germanys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states), with an area of 16,200 km² and 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Xuzhou (Chinese: 徐州; Hanyu Pinyin: ), known as Pengcheng (Chinese: 彭城; Hanyu Pinyin: ) in ancient times, is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Jiangsu province, Peoples Republic of China. ...

People affiliated with Bochum

Andrey Ivanovich Ostermann (1686-1747) Count Andrei Ivanovich Osterman (June 9, 1686 - May 31, 1747) was a German-born Russian statesman who came to prominence under Tsar Peter I of Russia (Peter the Great) and served until the accession of the Tsesarevna Elizabeth. ... Wolfgang Clement Wolfgang Clement (born July 24, 1940 in Bochum) is a German politician, currently the federal Minister of Economics and Labour. ... Norbert Lammert Dr. Norbert Lammert (born November 16, 1948 in Bochum) is a German politician (CDU). ... The Bundestag (Federal Diet) is the parliament of Germany. ... Herbert Grönemeyer tells of his beginnings. ... Frank Goosen (*May 31st 1966 in Bochum/Germany) is a German cabaret artist and novel author. ... Otto Georg Schily (SPD; born July 20, 1932) was Federal Minister of the Interior of Germany from 1998-2005, in the cabinet of former Bundeskanzler Gerhard Schröder. ... Mark Warnecke (born February 15, 1970 in Bochum, North-Rhine Westphalia). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Bochum
  • Official City Website


Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...


Flag of North Rhine-Westphalia
Urban districts and Districts in the German State of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW)

Urban
districts
Image File history File links Flag_of_North_Rhine-Westphalia. ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... North Rhine-Westphalia (German: , usually shortened to NRW) is - in terms of population and economic output - the largest and westernmost Federal State of Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ...

Aachen | Bergisch Gladbach | Bielefeld | Bochum | Bonn | Bottrop | Dortmund | Duisburg | Düsseldorf | Essen | Gelsenkirchen | Hagen | Hamm | Herne | Köln (Cologne) | Krefeld | Leverkusen | Mönchengladbach | Mülheim | Münster | Oberhausen | Remscheid | Solingen | Wuppertal Oche redirects here; in darts the oche is the line from which players must throw. ... Categories: Germany geography stubs | Cities in Germany ... Bielefeld is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany, located about 20 kilometres south of Cologne on the river Rhine in the Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Map of Germany showing Bottrop Bottrop is a city in west central Germany, on the Rhine-Herne Canal, in North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen). ... Dortmund is a city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. ... Duisburg is a German city and port in the western part of the Ruhr Area (Ruhrgebiet) in North Rhine-Westphalia. ... , ) Düsseldorf is the capital city of the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and (together with Cologne and the Ruhr Area) the economic center of Western Germany. ... Essen is a city in the center of the Ruhr Area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Gelsenkirchen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Hagen is the 37th largest city in Germany, located in the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Map of Germany showing Hamm Hamm is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Herne is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... Krefeld is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Leverkusen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Mönchengladbach is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Mülheim an der Ruhr, that calls itself City on the River, is a small to medium-sized city in [North Rhine-Westphalia]] in Germany. ... For other places with the same or similar names, and other uses of the word, see Munster (disambiguation) Münster is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Oberhausen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Remscheid is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Solingen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Wuppertal university Wuppertal is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...

Districts

Aachen | Borken | Kleve (Cleves) | Coesfeld | Düren | Ennepe-Ruhr | Euskirchen | Gütersloh | Heinsberg | Herford | Hochsauerland | Höxter | Lippe | Märkischer Kreis | Mettmann | Minden-Lübbecke | Oberbergischer Kreis | Olpe | Paderborn | Recklinghausen | Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis | Rhein-Erft-Kreis | Rhein-Kreis Neuss | Rhein-Sieg-Kreis | Siegen-Wittgenstein | Soest | Steinfurt | Unna | Viersen | Warendorf | Wesel The district of Aachen (Kreis Aachen) is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Borken is a Kreis (district) in the northwestern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Cleves (Kleve in German and these days also usually in English) is a Kreis (local-government district) in northwestern North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Coesfeld is a Kreis (district) in the northwestern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, west of the city of Münster. ... Düren is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis is a district in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Euskirchen is a Kreis (district) in the south-west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Gütersloh is a Kreis (district) in the north-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Heinsberg is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Herford is a Kreis (district) in the northeastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Hochsauerland is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Höxter is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... This article is about the district Lippe. ... The Märkische Kreis is a district (Kreis) in central North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Mettmann is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Minden-Lübbecke is a Kreis (district) in the northeastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Oberbergische Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Olpe is a Kreis (district) in the south-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Paderborn is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Recklinghausen is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Rheinisch-Bergische Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Rhein-Erft-Kreis is a district in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Neuss is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Rhein-Sieg-Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the south of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Siegen-Wittgenstein is a Kreis (district) in the south-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Soest is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Steinfurt is a Kreis (district) in the northern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Unna district is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Viersen is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Warendorf is a Kreis (district) in the northern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Wesel is a Kreis (district) in the norther-western part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Bochum - definition of Bochum in Encyclopedia (162 words)
Bochum is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Although Bochum was founded in the 14th century, the town was insignificant until the 19th century, when coal mining and steel industry emerged in the Ruhr area, leading to the growth of the entire region.
The population of Bochum increased tenfold between 1850 and 1890.
FARA - Friedreich's Ataxia Research Alliance | Education and Resources | Beginners Primer (4390 words)
Echocardiography did not confirm a preliminary study reporting improvement of FA-associated cardiomyopathy with idebenone.
Idebenone in patients with Friedreich ataxia; Schols L, Vorgerd M, Schillings M, Skipka G, Zange J.; Department of Neurology, St. Josef Hospital, Ruhr-University, Bochum, Germany.
Schulz et al (2000) showed the idebenone treatment reduced the higher urinary levels of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (a marker of oxidative DNA damage) in patients with FRDA.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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