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Encyclopedia > Bochnia
Coat of arms of Bochnia
(Coat of arms)
Location of Bochnia
Basic Information
Country Poland
Voivodeship Lesser Poland
Population 29,536 (2004 est.)
Founded 12th century
City rights 27 February 1253
49°59' N
20°26' E
Area 29,89 km²
Density 988.16/km²
Area code +48 14
Car plates KBC
Twin towns Bad Salzdetfurth, Cavtat, Kežmarok, Roselle
Economy and Traffic
Mayor Bogdan Kosturkiewicz
Municipal Website

Bochnia (IPA: ['bɔxɲa] ) is a town of 30,000 inhabitants on the river Raba in southern Poland, 35 km southeast of Kraków. It is most famous for its salt mine, the oldest still existing in Europe, built circa 1248. The former German name of the city, Salzberg, meaning "salt mountain", refers to the mine. Image File history File links POL_Bochnia_COA.svg‎ en: Coat of arms of Bochnia in Poland pl: Herb miasta Bochnia Made with Inkscape by 4C File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bochnia ... Image File history File links Bochnia_mapa. ... Look up country in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A Voivodship (also voivodeship, Romanian: Voievodat, Polish: Województwo, Serbian: Vojvodstvo or Vojvodina) was a feudal state in medieval Romania, Hungary, Poland, Russia and Serbia (see Vojvodina), ruled by a Voivod (voivode). ... Lesser Poland Voivodeship (Polish: województwo maÅ‚opolskie) is an administrative region or voivodeship in southern Poland. ... February 27 is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Density, or volumic mass (ISO 31), is a measure of mass per volume. ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... // Introduction to this topic - includes background information for people living outside Poland Common to many countries - in fact there is a growing tendency to do so since the UK also began regionalising plates in 2002 - Poland has the region of registration of the vehicle encoded in the number plate. ... // This is a list of twin towns or sister cities – that is, pairs of towns or cities in different countries which have town twinning arrangements. ... Location within Germany (help· info) is a town in Hildesheim, Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Cavtat (Italian: ) is a town in the Dubrovnik-Neretva County of Croatia. ... Kežmarok (German: Kesmark/Käsmark, Hungarian: Késmárk, Polish: Kiezmark, Latin: Kesmarkium) is a town in eastern Slovakia. ... Roselle is a village located in both Cook County and DuPage County, Illinois. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words see here. ... Image File history File links Pl-Bochnia. ... The Raba is a river in the south of Poland, right tributary to the river Vistula. ... Wawel Hill. ... World map showing Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. ... For broader historical context, see 1240s and 13th century. ...

Since Poland's administrative reorganization in 1999, Bochnia has been the administrative capital of Bochnia County in Lesser Poland Voivodeship. Before reorganization it was part of Tarnów Voivodeship. 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Voivodship Lesser Poland Capital Bochnia Area 631 km²  - population  - density 98 290 156/km² No. ... Lesser Poland Voivodeship (Polish: województwo maÅ‚opolskie) is an administrative region or voivodeship in southern Poland. ... Tarnów Voivodeship Tarnów Voivodeship (Polish: województwo tarnowskie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975–1998, superseded by Lesser Poland Voivodeship. ...



Bochnia is one of the oldest cities of Lesser Poland. The first known source mentioning the city is a letter of 1198, wherein Aymar the Monk, Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem, confirmed a donation by local magnate Mikora Gryfit to the monastery of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre in Miechów. The discovery of a major vein of rock salt at the site of the present mine in 1248 led to the granting of city privileges (Magdeburg rights) on 27 February 1253 by Bolesław V the Chaste. Lesser Poland voivodship since 1999 Lesser Poland (sometimes also referred to as Little Poland, Polish MaÅ‚opolska, Latin Polonia Minor) is one of the historical regions of Poland. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Toba of Japan Emperor Tsuchimikado ascends to the throne of Japan January 8 - Pope Innocent III ascends Papal Throne Frederick II, infant son of German King Henry VI, crowned King of Sicily Births August 24 - Alexander II of Scotland (d. ... The Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem is the title given to the Latin Rite Roman Catholic Archbishop of Jerusalem. ... Monastery of St. ... The Knights and Ladies of the Holy Sepulchre walk in a procession at the First Annual Southeastern Eucharistic Congress in Charlotte, NC. The Catholic Order of the Holy Sepulchre (formally Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem) has a foundation myth that connects it with Godfrey of Bouillon or... Miechów is a town in Poland, in MaÅ‚opolska Voivodship, about 30 km north of Kraków. ... Halite is the mineral form of sodium chloride, NaCl, commonly known as rock salt. ... For broader historical context, see 1240s and 13th century. ... The Magdeburg Rights (or Magdeburg law) were a set of city laws regulating the degree of internal autonomy within cities and villages granted with it by a local ruler. ... February 27 is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... BolesÅ‚aw Wstydliwy Boleslaus the Chaste or the Shy (Polish: BolesÅ‚aw Wstydliwy) (21 June 1226 O.S. – 7 December 1279 O.S.) was the son of Leszek the White. ...

Town & sights

  • The oldest salt mine in Europe and in the world (13th century), is an underground town today.
  • St. Nicholas Basilica
  • Old town and historical buildings
  • Statues of Leopold Okulicki and Casimir III of Poland
  • The Older parts of the cemetery at Oracka Street
  • The Jewish cemetery

A salt mine is an operation involved in the extraction of salt. ... General Leopold Okulicki (noms de guerre Kobra, Niedźwiadek; 1898-1946) was a General of the Polish Army and the last commander of the Home Army during the World War II. He was murdered by the NKVD after the war. ... Noble Family or Dynasty Piast dynasty Coat of Arms Piast Eagle Parents Władysław I the Elbow-high, Jadwiga Kaliszka, of Gniezno and Greater Poland Consorts Aldona Ona, Adelheid of Hessen, Christina, Jadwiga of Glogow and Sagan Children 5 daughters Date of Birth 1310 Place of Birth Kowal Date...

Salt Mine

Underground church
Underground church

Salt mine in Polish - Kopalnia Soli. The salt mine is one of the oldest salt mines in the world and the oldest one in Poland and Europe. The mine was established between the 12th and 13th centuries after salt was discovered in Bochnia. The mines measure 4,5 kilometres in length and 468 metres in depth at 16 different levels. Deserted chambers, shafts and passages form a so called underground town, which is now open to sightseers. The largest of the preserved chambers has been converted into a sanatorium. Image File history File links Bochnia_poland_saltmine. ... Image File history File links Bochnia_poland_saltmine. ...


  • Wyższa Szkoła Ekonomiczna

Famous people from Bochnia

Stanisław Szczepanowski or Stanislaus of Szczepanów (July 26, 1030 – April 11?, 1079) was a bishop of Kraków known mostly for having been slain by King Boleslaus the Bold. ... A small selection of Christian saints are listed below in alphabetical order by Christian name, but if necessary by surname, the place or attribute part of name as well. ... Ralph Modjeski (born Rudolf Modrzejewski) (1861-1940) was a Polish-born engineer who achieved prominence in the United States. ... Helena Modjeska Helena Modjeska (1840-1909) was an internationally-famous Polish actress who later moved to the United States. ...

See also

Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Coordinates: 49°58′N 20°26′E Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Salt Mine In Bochnia, Page I (458 words)
Later while she was on her way to Krakow, she rested in Bochnia area and had a dream which encouraged her to dig in the shoemaker's garden.
Salt was found from the spot where a small shaft was dug and from the first lump of salt, the ring was discovered, which she had thrown in the Transylvanian mine.
Bochnia is the oldest one and most likely the misunderstanding is because Wieliczka is heavily marketed as a tourist attraction and has been open for public a lot longer.
Village of Roselle, IL - Bochnia 2001 Visit (973 words)
The officials of Bochnia, Mayor Wojciech Cholewa (executive function) and Council President Jan Olszewski (legislative function) invited Roselle to their "Partnership Days" (Bochnia City Hall), which are held yearly to celebrate their Sister City Partnerships.
The city of Bochnia is a mix of historical architecture, communist utilitarianism and new growth.
Present were representatives from all Bochnia's Sister City partnerships, officials from Bochnia, members of the International Sister Cities Commission, residents of the town and the five member Roselle delegation-about 200 people in all.
  More results at FactBites »



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