Bobo Ashanti, aka the Ethiopian International Congress, is a Rastafarian organization founded by Prince Emmanuel I in the 1950s. Most of its members, called "Bobos" or "Bobo dreads", live nine miles from Kingston, Jamaica in Bull Bay, in a small utopian community called Bobo Hill.
Prince Emmanuel is called "Dada" by his followers, who see him as part of a holy trinity, together with Marcus Garvey and Haile Selassie I, in which Selassie is seen as King/God (Jah), Garvey as prophet, and Emmanuel as high priest.
Additionally, some Bobos see Idi Amin, the former military dictator of Uganda during the 1970s, as a second coming of Garvey.
Bobos say that "Africa" is the name that the white man gave to Ethiopia or Jerusalem. Many see Black supremacy as essential to the faith; in the Bobo conception, the true Israelite is a black man.
Twice each week and on the first Sunday of every month the Bobos fast.
Almost all songs and tributes within the community end with the phrase "Holy Emmanuel I Selassie I Jah Rastafari".
Bobos can usually be distinguished from other Rastafarians by their wearing of turbans and robes. Bobos men make and carry brooms to signify cleanliness. The brooms are also sold in Kingston as a way to provide funds for the community.
Almost all men within the community are seen as prophets or priests. The funcion of a prophet is to "reason" and the priests to conduct the services.
Women and children are considered subordinate to men. Women must cover their legs and arms. A woman may serve food to a guest, but never to a Bobo male.
All children attend a basic school called Jerusalem School Room. After this they can go to Kingston to school, but that is seldom.
The Bobos have built a strong relationship with the local community outside of Bobo Hill and they often invite people to their services.
From the mid 1990s many reggae artists have emerged from the Bobo Ashanti. Most well-known among them are Sizzla, Capleton, Anthony B, Turbulence and Ras Shiloh.