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Encyclopedia > Bobby Jones (golfer)
Bobby Jones won the first Grand Slam of golf in 1930.
Bobby Jones won the first Grand Slam of golf in 1930.
Jones at age 14, in the 1916 US Amateur
Jones at age 14, in the 1916 US Amateur

Robert Tyre "Bobby" Jones Jr. (March 17, 1902December 18, 1971), born in Atlanta, Georgia, was one of the greatest golfers who ever competed on a national and international level. Of particular note in Jones' case, he participated only as an amateur in a sport long dominated by professionals, competed primarily on a part-time basis, and retired from competition by personal choice at the age of 28. Celebrate the Century - 1930s - Bobby Jones, US Open This image is a postage stamp produced by the United States Postal Service after 1978. ... Celebrate the Century - 1930s - Bobby Jones, US Open This image is a postage stamp produced by the United States Postal Service after 1978. ... The Grand Slam in mens golf is an offical concept, having changed over time. ... The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews, generally regarded as the worlds Home of Golf. Golf is a sport in which individual players or teams hit a ball into a hole using various clubs, and also is one of the few ball games that does not use... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 218 × 598 pixels Full resolution (338 × 927 pixel, file size: 49 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bobby Jones (golfer) ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 218 × 598 pixels Full resolution (338 × 927 pixel, file size: 49 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bobby Jones (golfer) ... March 17 is the 76th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (77th in leap years). ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... In the Gregorian Calendar, December 18 is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years), at which point there will be 13 days remaining to the end of the year. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday. ... Hotlanta redirects here. ... This article is about the sport of golf. ...


Jones was a child prodigy who won his first children's tournament at the age of six and made the third round of the U.S. Amateur Championship at fourteen. As a youth he struggled with his temperament, but he hit his stride in 1923, when he won his first U.S. Open. From that win at Inwood through his 1930 victory in the U.S. Amateur he won 13 Major Championships (as they were counted at that time) out of twenty attempts, ranking him behind only Jack Nicklaus' 20 wins and Tiger Woods' 15 wins (including their US Amateur championships). Jones was the first player to win The Double, both the US Open and The British Open in the same year (1926). He is still the only player ever to have won the Grand Slam, or all four major championships in the same year. He represented the United States in the Walker Cup five times, winning nine of his ten matches. He also won two other tournaments against professionals: the 1927 Southern Open and the 1930 Southeastern Open. Jones was a life-long member of the Atlanta Athletic Club. The U.S. Amateur Championship is the leading annual golf tournament in the United States for male amateur golfers. ... Michael Campbell holding U.S. Open Trophy The United States Open Championship is the annual mens open golf tournament of the United States. ... The Major Championships, often referred to simply as the Majors are the four most prestigious annual golf tournaments in mens professional golf. ... Jack William Nicklaus (born January 21, 1940), also known as The Golden Bear[1], was a major force in professional golf, first on the PGA Tour from the 1960s to the mid-to-late 1980s, then on the Champions Tour from the early to mid 1990s. ... Personal Information Birth December 30, 1975 (age 31) Cypress, California Height 6 ft 1 in (1. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Grand Slam in mens golf is an offical concept, having changed over time. ... The Walker Cup is a golf trophy contested biennially in odd numbered years between teams comprising the leading amateur golfers of the United States and Great Britain and Ireland (in political terms the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland). ... The Atlanta Athletic Club, (AAC), founded in 1898, is a world-renowned athletic club in Atlanta, Georgia. ...


Jones is considered one of the five giants of the 1920's American sports scene, along with baseball's Babe Ruth, boxing's Jack Dempsey, American football's Red Grange, and tennis player Bill Tilden. He was the first recipient of the Amateur Athletic Union's James E. Sullivan Award as the top amateur athlete in the United States. Until John Glenn, he was the only person ever to receive two ticker-tape parades in New York City, the first in 1926 and the second in 1930. Jones is memoralized in Augusta, Georgia at the Golf Gardens and has the Bobby Jones Expressway, also known as Interstate 520, named for him. For the eponymous band, see Babe Ruth (band). ... William Harrison Jack Dempsey (June 24, 1895 – May 31, 1983) was an American boxer who held the world heavyweight title between 1919 and 1926, and is widely regarded as one of the greatest champions of all time. ... Harold (Red) Edward Grange (June 13, 1903 – January 28, 1991), was a professional and college American football player. ... William Tatem Tilden II (February 10, 1893 – June 5, 1953), often called Big Bill, was an American tennis player who was the World No. ... - The Amateur Athletic Union, widely known as the AAU, was formed in United States. ... The AAU James E. Sullivan Award is awarded annually by the Amateur Athletic Union to the outstanding amateur athlete in the United States. ... For other persons named John Glenn, see John Glenn (disambiguation). ... Ticker-tape parade in New York City in honor of the Apollo 11 astronauts, August 1969 A ticker-tape parade is a parade event, held in a downtown urban setting, allowing the jettison of large amounts of shredded paper products from nearby office buildings onto the parade route, creating a... New York, NY redirects here. ... // Augusta as a place name Augusta, derived from Augustus the emperor, is also part of the original Latin names of many ancient places. ...

Contents

Sportsmanship

Jones was not only a consummately skilled golfer, but he also exemplified the principles of sportsmanship and fair play. In the beginning of his amateur career, he was in the final playoff of the U.S. Open. During the match, his ball ended up in the rough just off the fairway, and as he was setting up to play his shot his iron caused a slight movement of the ball. He immediately got angry with himself, turned to the marshals, and called a penalty on himself. The marshals discussed among themselves and questioned some of the gallery if anyone had seen Jones' ball move. Their decision was that neither they nor anyone else had witnessed any incident, so the decision was left to Jones. Bobby Jones called the two-stroke penalty on himself, not knowing that he would lose the tournament by one stroke. When he was praised for his gesture, Jones replied, "You may as well praise a man for not robbing a bank." The United States Golf Association's sportsmanship award is named the Bob Jones Award in his honor. It is sporting to shake the hand of ones opponent after the end of a game. ... Michael Campbell holding U.S. Open Trophy The United States Open Championship is the annual mens open golf tournament of the United States. ... The logo of the USGA The United States Golf Association (USGA) is the United States national association of golf courses, clubs and facilities and the governing body of golf for the U.S. and Mexico. ... The Bob Jones Award is the highest honor given by the United States Golf Association in recognition of distinguished sportsmanship in golf. ...


St Andrews, Scotland

Jones had a unique relationship with the town of St Andrews, Scotland. On his first appearance on the Old Course in The Open Championship of 1921, he withdrew after 11 holes in the third round. He firmly stated his dislike for the Old Course and the town reciprocated, saying in the press, "Master Bobby is just a boy, and an ordinary boy at that." He came to love the Old Course and the town like few others. When he won the Open at the Old Course in 1927, he wowed the crowd by asking that the trophy remain with his friends at the Royal and Ancient Golf Club rather than return with him to Atlanta. In 1958, he was named a Freeman of the City of St Andrews, becoming only the second American to be so honored, the other being Benjamin Franklin in 1759. Today, a scholarship exchange bearing the Jones name exists between the University of St Andrews and both Emory University and the Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta. A similar exchange exists in Canada between St. Andrew's University and the University of Western Ontario and Queen's University; the associated foundation is under the patronage of Prince Andrew, Duke of York as a member of the Canadian Royal Family. Named after Saint Andrew the Apostle, the Royal Burgh of St Andrews (Scottish Gaelic: ) is a town on the east coast of Fife, Scotland, and the home of golf. ... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots3 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  -  First Minister Jack McConnell... The 18th green and clubhouse of the R&A. Looking up the 18th fairway towards the clubhouse with the famous bridge over the Swilken Burn in the middle distance. ... 2005 Open Champion Tiger Woods holding the Claret Jug. ... The clubhouse of the R&A. The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews is the one of the oldest golf clubs in the world, the oldest being the Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers at Muirfield. ... Freedom of the City is an award made by some municipalities in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada, South Africa, the United States and Italy to esteemed members of its community; such people may then be termed Freemen or Freewomen of the City. ... Benjamin Franklin (January 17 [O.S. January 6] 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the most well known Founding Fathers of the United States. ... St Marys College Bute Medical School St Leonards College[5][6] Affiliations 1994 Group Website http://www. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Georgia Institute of Technology, commonly known as Georgia Tech, is a public, coeducational university, part of the University System of Georgia, and located in Atlanta, Georgia, USA, with satellite campuses in Savannah, Georgia and Metz, France. ... The University of Western Ontario (popularly known as Western or UWO) is a coeducational, non-denominational, research-intensive university located in London, Ontario, Canada. ... Queens University, generally referred to simply as Queens, is a coeducational, non-sectarian, public university located in Kingston, Ontario, Canada. ... The Prince Andrew, Duke of York, KG, KCVO, ADC(P) (Andrew Albert Christian Edward Mountbatten-Windsor; born Windsor, 19 February 1960) is a member of the British Royal Family, the third child and second son of Queen Elizabeth II. He has held the title of Duke of York since 1986. ... The Arms of Her Majesty in Right of Canada, proclaimed by King George V, November 21, 1921. ...

Jones's grave in Oakland Cemetery
Jones's grave in Oakland Cemetery

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1454x960, 193 KB)The grave of golfer Bobby Jones in historic Oakland Cemetery in Atlanta, Georgia. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1454x960, 193 KB)The grave of golfer Bobby Jones in historic Oakland Cemetery in Atlanta, Georgia. ...

Later life

Jones was successful outside of golf as well. He earned his Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering from Georgia Institute of Technology and a Bachelor of Arts in English Literature from Harvard University where he was a member of the Owl Club. After only one year in law school at Emory University, he passed the bar exam. The Georgia Institute of Technology, commonly known as Georgia Tech, is a public, coeducational university, part of the University System of Georgia, and located in Atlanta, Georgia, USA, with satellite campuses in Savannah, Georgia and Metz, France. ... Harvard University (incorporated as The President and Fellows of Harvard College) is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. Founded in 1636,[2] Harvard is the oldest institution of higher learning still operating in the United States. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A bar examination is an series of tests conducted at regular intervals to determine whether a candidate is qualified to practice law in a given American examination usually consists of the following: complicated essay questions concerning that jurisdictions law; the Multistate Bar Examination, a standardized, nationwide examination containing generalized...


When he retired from golf at the age of 28, he concentrated on his Atlanta law practice. In addition, he made eighteen instructional films, worked with A.G. Spalding & Co. to develop the first set of matched clubs, co-designed the Augusta National course with Alister MacKenzie and was one of the founders of The Masters Tournament, first played at Augusta in 1934. During World War II, while himself serving as an officer in the U.S. Army Air Forces, Jones permitted the US Army to graze cattle on the grounds at Augusta National. Al Spaldings sporting goods company made a lasting impact on baseball. ... Augusta National Golf Club, a private golf club in Augusta, Georgia, USA, is one of the most famous and exclusive golf clubs in the world. ... Perhaps the greatest golf course designer of all time. ... This article is about the golf tournament. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The United States Army Air Forces, or USAAF, was a part of the U.S. military during World War II. The direct precursor to the U.S. Air Force, the USAAF formally existed between 1941 and 1947. ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ...


In 1948 Jones was diagnosed with syringomyelia, a fluid-filled cavity in his spinal cord which caused first pain, then paralysis. He was eventually restricted to a wheelchair. He died in Atlanta, Georgia in 1971 and is buried in Atlanta's historic Oakland Cemetery. He became a member of the World Golf Hall of Fame in 1974. An uncollapsed syrinx (before surgery). ... Hotlanta redirects here. ... Aerial map of Oakland Cemetery Oakland Cemetery is the oldest and largest cemetery, as well as one of the largest green spaces, in Atlanta, Georgia, U.S. Founded as Atlanta Cemetery in 1850 on six acres (2. ... // The World Golf Hall of Fame is located in St. ...


Jones was married in 1924 to the former Mary Rice Malone. They had three children, Clara, Robert Tyre III, and Mary Ellen.


Major championships

Professional Wins (7)

Year Championship 54 Holes Winning Score Margin of Victory Runners Up
1923 U.S. Open 3 shot lead +8 (71-73-76-76=296) Playoff 1 Flag of Scotland Bobby Cruickshank
1926 U.S. Open (2) 3 shot deficit +5 (70-79-71-73=293) 1 stroke Flag of United States Joe Turnesa
1926 The Open Championship -2 (291) 2 strokes Flag of United States Al Watrous
1927 The Open Championship (2) -6 (69-72-72-72=285) 6 strokes Aubrey Boomer
1929 U.S. Open (3) 3 shot lead +6 (69-75-71-79=294) Playoff 2 Flag of United States Al Espinosa
1930 U.S. Open (4) 5 shot lead -1 (71-73-68-75=287) 2 strokes Flag of Scotland Macdonald Smith
1930 The Open Championship (3) 1 shot deficit -2 (70-72-74-75=291) 2 strokes Flag of United States Leo Diegel, Flag of Scotland Macdonald Smith

1 Defeated Bobby Cruickshank in 18-hole playoff: Jones (76), Cruickshank (78)
2 Defeated Al Espinosa in 36-hole playoff: Jones (72-69=141), Espinosa (84-80=164)
1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Michael Campbell holding U.S. Open Trophy The United States Open Championship is the annual mens open golf tournament of the United States. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... Bobby Cruickshank (November 16, 1894 _ August 27, 1975) was a prominent golf player on the PGA circuit from the early 1920s to the early 1930s. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... Michael Campbell holding U.S. Open Trophy The United States Open Championship is the annual mens open golf tournament of the United States. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Joseph R. Turnesa (January 31, 1901 – July 15, 1991) was one of seven famous golfing brothers; Phil (1896-1897), Frank (1898-1949), Joe (1901-1991), Mike (1907-2000), Doug (1909-1972), Jim (1912-1971), and Willie (1914-2001). ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... 2005 Open Champion Tiger Woods holding the Claret Jug. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... // Albert Andrew Watrous (1899 – December 3, 1983) was an American professional golfer who played on the PGA Tour and the Senior PGA Tour in the early to mid-part of the Twentieth Century. ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar). ... 2005 Open Champion Tiger Woods holding the Claret Jug. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England_(bordered). ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Michael Campbell holding U.S. Open Trophy The United States Open Championship is the annual mens open golf tournament of the United States. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Abel Ruben Espinosa (March 24, 1891 – January 4, 1957) was an American golfer. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link is to a full 1930 calendar). ... Michael Campbell holding U.S. Open Trophy The United States Open Championship is the annual mens open golf tournament of the United States. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... Macdonald Smith (born March 18, 1892 in Carnoustie, Scotland, died August 31, 1949 in Glendale, California; first name also given as MacDonald, birth year also given as 1890) was a member of a famous Scottish golfing family. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link is to a full 1930 calendar). ... 2005 Open Champion Tiger Woods holding the Claret Jug. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Leo Diegel (April 27, 1899-May 5, 1951) is a prominent golfer of the 1920s and early 1930s who won 29 PGA circuit events, and was a four-time winner of the Canadian Open (1924-25, 1928-29). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ...


Amateur majors:

The U.S. Amateur Championship is the leading annual golf tournament in the United States for male amateur golfers. ... The Amateur Championship is a golf tournament which is held in the United Kingdom. ...

Education

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Georgia Institute of Technology, commonly known as Georgia Tech, is a public, coeducational university, part of the University System of Georgia, and located in Atlanta, Georgia, USA, with satellite campuses in Savannah, Georgia and Metz, France. ... Harvard University (incorporated as The President and Fellows of Harvard College) is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. Founded in 1636,[2] Harvard is the oldest institution of higher learning still operating in the United States. ...

Films

Jones appeared in a series of short instructional films produced by Warner Brothers in 1931 titled How I Play Golf, by Bobby Jones (12 films) and in 1933 titled How to Break 90 (6 films). Actors and actresses, mostly under contract with Warner Brothers, but also from other studios, volunteered to appear in these 18 episodes. Some of the more well known actors to appear in the instructional plots included James Cagney, Joe E. Brown, Edward G. Robinson, W.C. Fields, Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., Richard Barthelmess, Richard Arlen, Guy Kibbee, Warner Oland and Loretta Young. Various scenarios involving the actors were used to provide an opportunity for Jones to convey a lesson about a particular part of the game. The shorts were directed by the prolific George Marshall. James Francis Cagney, Jr. ... Joe E. Brown may refer to several people: Joseph Evans Brown (July 28, 1892 - July 6, 1973), American screen actor, portrayer of Capn Andy Hawks in the motion picture Show Boat Joseph Emerson Brown (April 15, 1821 - November 30, 1894) governor of Georgia from 1853 to 1865, and U... Edward Goldenberg Robinson (born Emanuel Goldenberg, Yiddish: עמנואל גולדנברג; December 12, 1893 – January 26, 1973) was an American stage and film actor of Romanian origin. ... W. C. Fields (January 29, 1880 - December 25, 1946) was an American comedian and actor. ... Douglas Elton Fairbanks, Jr. ... Richard (Dick) Barthelmess (May 9, 1895 - August 17, 1963) was a silent film star. ... Richard Arlen Richard Arlen (September 1, 1898 – March 28, 1976) was an American actor. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Warner Oland (October 3, 1879 - August 6, 1938) was a Swedish actor most remembered for his role as Charlie Chan. ... Loretta Young in 1935 Loretta Young (January 6, 1913 – August 12, 2000) was an Academy Award-winning American actress. ... George E. Marshall (December 29, 1891 - February 17, 1975) was an extremely prolific American film actor, writer and director active through the first six decades of movie history. ...


Jones was the subject of the quasi-biographical 2004 feature film Bobby Jones: A Stroke of Genius in which he was portrayed by James Caviezel. The film was a major box office flop, grossing only $1.2 million the first weekend and $2.7 million overall, against a production cost of over $17 million. The film was also littered with historical inaccuracies. James Patrick Caviezel (pronounced ) (born September 26, 1968) is an American film actor. ...


The Jones legend was also used to create a supporting character in The Legend of Bagger Vance in 2000, and the event where he called his own penalty is used for the main character, Rannulph Junuh. The Legend of Bagger Vance is a 1995 book by Steven Pressfield (ISBN 0-380-81744-6), transporting the story of The Bhagavad Gita to the world of Georgia in 1931. ...


Books

Jones authored several books on golf including Down the Fairway with O.B. Keeler (1927), The Rights and Wrongs of Golf (1933), Golf Is My Game (1959), Bobby Jones on Golf (1966), and Bobby Jones on the Basic Golf Swing (1968) with illustrator Anthony Ravielli.


Jones has been the subject of several books, most notably The Bobby Jones Story and A Boy's Life of Bobby Jones, both by O.B. Keeler. Other notable texts are The Life and Times of Bobby Jones: Portrait of a Gentleman by Sidney L. Matthew, and Triumphant Journey: The Saga of Bobby Jones and The Grand Slam of Golf by Richard Miller. Just recently published in 2006, "The Grand Slam" by Mark Frost, has received much note as being evocative of Jones's life and times.


See also

This is a list of golfers who have won five or more official money events on the PGA Tour. ... This article lists the 190 men who have won a major golf championship by the number of majors they have accumulated, and is complete through the 2006 Masters Tournament. ...

External links

Persondata
NAME Jones, Bobby
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Jones, Robert Tyre; Jones, Bob
SHORT DESCRIPTION American golfer
DATE OF BIRTH March 17, 1902
PLACE OF BIRTH Atlanta, Georgia
DATE OF DEATH December 18, 1971
PLACE OF DEATH Atlanta, Georgia

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bobby Jones (golfer) at AllExperts (852 words)
Jones was not only a consummately skilled golfer, but he also exemplified the principles of sportsmanship and fair play.
Jones was the subject of the biographical 2004 feature film Bobby Jones: A Stroke of Genius in which he was portrayed by James Caviezel.
Jones was also used as a supporting character in The Legend of Bagger Vance in 2000, and the event where he called his own penalty is used for the main character, Rannulph Junuh.
Bobby Jones (golfer) (1427 words)
Jones was a child prodigy who won his first children's tournament at the age of six and made the third round of the U.S. Amateur Championship at fourteen.
Jones was the first player to win The Double, both the US Open and The British Open in the same year (1926).
On his fiftieth birthday a golfer becomes eligible to compete on the Champions Tour, and he is unlikely to add to his tally of PGA Tour wins after that date, although there have been exceptions to this.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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