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Encyclopedia > Board of Education

A board of education or a school board or school committee is the title of the board of directors of a school, local school district or higher administrative level. In relation to a company, a director is an officer of the company charged with the conduct and management of its affairs. ... School districts are a form of special-purpose district in the United States (amongst some other places) which serves to operate the local public primary and secondary schools. ...


The elected council helps determine educational policy in a small regional area, such as a city, state, or province. It usually shares power with a larger institution, such as the government's department of education. The name of the board is also often used to refer to the school system under the board's control. A council is a group of people who usually possess some powers of governance. ... The city of Chicago, as seen from the sky A city is an urban area that is differentiated from a town, village, or hamlet by size, population density, importance, or legal status. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      A state of the United States is any one of the fifty subnational entities referred to... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ...


In the United States

The leadership of a school district, and generally the statewide organization responsible for the oversight of such local boards as well, is styled as the "XYZ Board of Education" or some variation thereon. Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      A state of the United States is any one of the fifty subnational entities referred to...


Boards of education are usually elected by residents of the school district but may also be appointed by mayors or other executives of jurisdictions such as cities or counties whose jurisdictions may be coextensive with that of the school district. The Board of Education of the District of Columbia includes both elected and appointed members, as does the Ohio Board of Education. The Massachusetts Board of Education consists of eight appointed members and one elected by the public school students of the Commonwealth. There may also be circumstances where nonresident property owners whose property taxes can be affected by a levy enacted by the school board may have a right to vote in school board elections as well. State boards of education are generally appointed by the governor but are entirely elected by popular vote in a few states. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... The city of Chicago, as seen from the sky A city is an urban area that is differentiated from a town, village, or hamlet by size, population density, importance, or legal status. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... For Miami-Dade County Public Schools (M-DCPS), click here. ... The Ohio State Board of Education, which has eleven elected members and six appointed members, oversees primary education in the State of Ohio and the Ohio Department of Education. ... The Massachusetts Board of Education (BOE) is responsible for interpreting and implementing laws relevant to public education in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... Property tax is an ad valorem tax that an owner of real estate or other property pays on the value of the thing taxed. ... A governor or governour (archaic) is a governing official, usually the executive (at least nominally, to different degrees also politically and administratively) of a non-sovereign level of government, ranking under the Head of state; furthermore the title applies to officials with a similar mandate as representatives of a chartered...


The size and authority of boards of education varies widely. In some districts they have the authority to set and levy tax rates; in others they may have only the authority to recommend such to a legislative body or executive. Most boards have between five and fifteen members. In some districts, especially small rural ones, they may approve the hiring and dismissal of every teacher; more typically they are responsible only for overall policies and procedures and leave the day-to-day operation of the district to a professional educator, who is generally referred to by the title of schools superintendent, chief executive officer, or director. In rural and suburban districts in particular, there are often discussions about the abilities and powers of individual board members and what rights that they have (if any) to observe and comment on individual schools or classes. A consensus has been reached in many districts in recent years that board members have only "collective" authority when meeting and acting as a board and should generally not be involved as individuals in attempting to run schools directly. A tax (also known as a duty) is a financial charge or other levy imposed on an individual or a legal entity by a state or a functional equivalent of a state (e. ... A legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... Rural area in Dalarna, Sweden Qichun, a rural town in Hubei province, China Rural areas (also referred to as the country, countryside) are sparsely settled places away from the influence of large cities. ... In education, a superintendent is an individual that has executive oversight and administration rights, usually within an educational entity or organization. ... A Chief Executive Officer (CEO), or Chief Executive, is the highest-ranking corporate officer, administrator, corporate administrator, executive, or executive officer, in charge of total management of a corporation, company, organization or agency. ...


Particularly in rural areas, the board of education of a county-wide school district may be the area's largest employer and thus the board may be subject to political considerations that may be lessened or lacking in other circumstances. Compensation for board members varies from none at all in districts where members serve on a volunteer basis to jurisdictions where the position is considered to be a major part-time job and may pay thousands of dollars per annum. State Board of Education members in most states are reimbursed for their travel expenses in conjunction with meetings, although this also varies on a state-by-state basis.


Lists of school boards

List of Ontario school boards: Airy and Sabine District School Area Board, Whitney, Ontario Algoma District School Board, Sault Ste. ... List of school districts in Orange County, California Anaheim City School District Anaheim Union High School District Brea-Olinda Unified School District Buena Park School District Capistrano Unified School District Centralia School District Cypress School District Fountain Valley School District Fullerton School District Fullerton Joint Union High School District Garden... The Massachusetts Board of Education (BOE) is responsible for interpreting and implementing laws relevant to public education in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ...

Sources and references


  Results from FactBites:
 
Board of education - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (498 words)
A board of education or a school board or school committee is the title of the board of directors of a local school district.
Boards of education are usually elected by residents of the school district but may also be appointed by mayors or other executives of jurisdictions such as cities or counties whose jurisdictions may be coextensive with that of the school district.
Particularly in rural areas, the board of education of a county-wide school district may be the area's largest employer and thus the board may be subject to political considerations that may be lessened or lacking in other circumstances.
Board of Education (257 words)
Board members’ terms are four years and are staggered so no more than three board members are elected in any one election.
The Denver Board of Education is the policy-making body for the district.
The Board holds public comment sessions to listen to comments about student achievement, budget policy or matters currently under consideration by the Board.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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