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Encyclopedia > Boabdil
Sword of Boabdil
Sword of Boabdil

Boabdil (a corruption of the name Abu Abdullah, or, in full, Abu 'abd Allah Muhammad XII, Arabic: أبو عبد الله محمد الثاني عشر‎) (1460?–1527) was the last Moorish king of Granada (of the Nasrid dynasty). He was also called el chico, the little, and also el zogoybi, the unfortunate. A son of Muley Abul Hassan, king of the taifa of Granada, he was proclaimed king in 1482 in place of his father, who was driven from the land. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (958x2286, 1791 KB) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (958x2286, 1791 KB) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Swiss longsword, 15th or 16th century Sword (from Old English sweord, cognate to Old High German Schwert, literally wounding tool from a Proto-Indo-European root *swer- to wound, to hurt) is a term for a long edged weapon, fundamentally consisting of a blade, usually with two edges for striking... The Arabic language (Arabic: ‎ transliterated: ), or simply Arabic (Arabic: ‎ transliterated: ), is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... Events The first Portuguese navigators reach the coast of modern Sierra Leone. ... Events January 5 - Felix Manz, co-founder of the Swiss Anabaptists, was drowned in the Limmat River in Zürich by the Zürich Reformed state church. ... It has been suggested that Moor religion be merged into this article or section. ... Granada (Arabic: غرناطة) is a city and the capital of the province of Granada, in the autonomous region of Andalusia, Spain. ... The Nasrid dynasty was the last Muslim dynasty in Spain, founded by Mohammed ben Nasar. ... Muley Abul Hassan was father of Boabdil, the last Prince of Granada. ... The term taifa in the history of Iberia refers to an independent Muslim-ruled principality, an emirate or petty kingdom, of which a number formed in Spain (Arabic: Al-Andalus) after the final collapse of the Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba in 1031. ... Events Portuguese fortify Fort Elmina on the Gold Coast Tizoc rules the Aztecs Diogo Cão, a Portuguese navigator, becomes the first European to sail up the Congo. ...


Boabdil soon after sought to gain prestige by invading Castile. He was taken prisoner at Lucena in 1483, and only obtained his freedom by consenting to hold Granada as a tributary kingdom under Ferdinand and Isabella, king and queen of Castile and Aragon. The next few years were consumed in struggles with his father and his uncle Abdullah ez Zagal. A former kingdom in modern-day Spain, Castile (Spanish: Castilla; usually pronounced Cast-EEL in English) now compromises the regions of Old Castile in the north-west, and New Castile in the center of the country. ... Lucena is a town in southern Spain, in the province of Córdoba, 70 km southeast of Córdoba, 95 km north of Málaga, 150 km east of Seville, 110 km west of Granada, and 100 km southwest of Jaén. ... Events The São Tomé settlement is founded. ... Madonna of the Catholic Monarchs, painted ca 1490–95; Ferdinand and the infante Juan are at the Madonnas right hand (with the Inquisitor), Isabella at the left The Catholic Monarchs (Spanish: Reyes Católicos) is the collective title used in history for Queen Lisabella I of Castile and King... Capital Zaragoza Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47 719 km²  9,4% Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 11th  1 269 027  2,9%  26,59/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  Aragonese  aragonés Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982 ISO 3166-2 AR Parliamentary representation  â€“ Congress seats  â€“ Senate...

Contents


Surrender of Granada

The Capitulation of Granada by F. Padilla: Boabdil confronts Ferdinand and Isabella
The Capitulation of Granada by F. Padilla: Boabdil confronts Ferdinand and Isabella

In 1489 Boabdil was summoned by Ferdinand and Isabella to surrender the city of Granada, and on his refusal it was besieged by the Castilians. Eventually, on 2 January 1492, Granada was surrendered. In most sumptuous attire the royal procession moved from Santa Fe to a place a little more than a mile from Granada, where Ferdinand took up his position by the banks of the Genil. A private letter written by an eyewitness to the bishop of Leon only six days after the event preserves the scene. With the royal banners and the cross of Christ plainly visible on the red walls of the Alhambra: ...the Moorish king with about eighty or a hundred on horseback very well dressed went forth to kiss the hand of their Highnesses. Whome they received with much love and courtesy and there they handed over to him his son, who had been a hostage from the time of his capture, and as they stood there there came about four hundred captives, of this who were in the enclosure, with the cross and a solemn procession singing the Te Deum Laudamus, and their highnesses dismounted to adore the Cross to the accompaniment of the tears and reverential devotion of the crowd, not least of the Cardinal and Master of Santiago and the Duke of Cadiz and all the other grandees and gentlemen and people who stood there, and there was no one who did not weep abundantly with pleasure giving thanks to Our Lord for what they saw, for they could not keep back the tears; and the Moorish King and the Moors who were with him for their part could not disguise the sadness and pain they felt for the joy of the Christians, and certainly with much reason on account of their loss, for Granada is the most distinguished and chief thing in the world... The Capitulation of Granada, by F. Padilla: Boabdil confronts Ferdinand and Isabella The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... The Capitulation of Granada, by F. Padilla: Boabdil confronts Ferdinand and Isabella The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... The Treaty of Granada was a treaty ratified on 25 November of 1491 between the king of Granada Abú `Abd Allah Muhammad Boabdil and King and Queen of Castille, Leon, Aragón and Sicily. ... Events March 14 - The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to Venice. ... January 2 is the second day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1492 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Santa Fe (Spanish for holy faith) or Santa Fé (Portuguese) is the name of a number of places in the world: United States of America: Santa Fe, the state capital of New Mexico Santa Fe, Florida Santa Fe, Missouri Santa Fe, Tennessee Santa Fe, Texas Rancho Santa Fe, California It... Leon or Léon or León may refer to: // Places France Léon, Landes, a commune of the Landes département, France Léon (viscounty), Brittany, France Léon (diocese), Brittany, France Mexico León, Guanajuato León (beer), a mexican beer Nicaragua León, Nicaragua León Department...


Christopher Columbus himself refers to the surrender on the first page of his Diario de las Derrotas y Caminos: After your Highnesses ended the war of the Moors who reigned in Europe, and finished the war of the great city of Granada, where this present year [1492] on the 2nd January I saw the royal banners of Your Highnesses planted by force of arms on the towers of the Alhambra, which is the fortress of the said city, I saw the Moorish king issue from the gates of the said city, and kiss the royal hands of Your Highnesses... For information about the film director, see Chris Columbus. ...


Exile

Legend has it that as the royal party moved south toward exile, they reached a rocky eminence which gave a last view of the delectable city. Boabdil reined in his horse and surveying for the last time the Alhambra and the green valley that spread below he burst into tears. "You do well," said his unsympathetic mother, "to weep like a woman for what you could not defend like a man." he spot from which Boabdil looked for the last time on Granada is still shown, and is known as "the last sigh of the Moor" (el último suspiro del Moro). Image File history File links Boabdil. ... View of the Alhambra from the Mirador St Nicolas in the Albaycin of Granada. ...


The vanquished Nasrid was given an estate in Alpujarras, a mountainous area between the Sierra Nevada and the Mediterranean Sea, but he soon crossed the Strait of Gibraltar to Fez, where he died in 1533. Nasrid is the name referring to the royal dynasty that ruled the kingdom of Granada in southern Spain from the mid 13th century to the 15th century, which is considered to be one of the longest Islamic dynasties in the history of Islamic Spain. ... La Alpujarra (sometimes Las Alpujarras) is a mountainous district in Southern Spain, which stretches south from the Sierra Nevada mountains near Granada in the autonomous region of Andalusia. ... Sierra Nevada, meaning snowy range in Spanish, is the name of at least three mountain ranges: Sierra Nevada (Spain) in Andalusia, Spain Sierra Nevada (US) in California and Nevada, United States Sierra Nevada (Mexico) in Mexico There are also two single mountains named Sierra Nevada in the Andes which are... Fez can refer to: Fez (clothing), a type of hat Fes, Morocco (or, Fez), the name of a city in Morocco Fez (That 70s Show), a character in That 70s Show, played by Wilmer Valderrama Functional electrical stimulation, FES FeS2, Pyrite, otherwise known as fools gold [[Fez (album)], this...


See Also

The Treaty of Granada was a treaty ratified on 25 November of 1491 between the king of Granada Abú `Abd Allah Muhammad Boabdil and King and Queen of Castille, Leon, Aragón and Sicily. ... The Reconquista (Reconquest) refers to the process for which the Christian Kingdoms of northern Hispania, defeated and conquered the southern Muslim and moorish states of the Iberian Peninsula, existing since the Arab invasion of 711. ... Alhambra Decree was issued in 1492 by the Catholic monarchs, (Isabella of Castile married to Ferdinand II of Aragon in 1469), of Spain, following the final triumph over the Moors after the fall of Granada. ...

References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Boabdil - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (463 words)
Boabdil (a corruption of the name Abu Abdullah, or, in full, Abu 'abd Allah Muhammad XII, Arabic: أبو عبد الله محمد الثاني عشر‎) (1460?–1527) was the last Moorish king of Granada (of the Nasrid dynasty).
In 1489 Boabdil was summoned by Ferdinand and Isabella to surrender the city of Granada, and on his refusal it was besieged by the Castilians.
Boabdil reined in his horse and surveying for the last time the Alhambra and the green valley that spread below he burst into tears.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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