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Encyclopedia > Bluefish
Bluefish

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Pomatomidae
Genus: Pomatomus
Lacépède, 1802
Species: P. saltatrix
Binomial name
Pomatomus saltatrix
(Linnaeus, 1766)

The bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix ), called tailor in Australia,[1] is a species of popular marine game-fish found in all climates. It is the sole species of the Pomatomidae family. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... Orders See text The Actinopterygii are the ray-finned fish. ... Families many, see text The Perciformes, also called the Percomorphi or Acanthopteri, include about 40% of all fish and are the largest order of vertebrates. ... Lacépède Bernard Germain Étienne de la Ville, Comte de Lacépède (December 26, 1756 – October 6, 1825) was a French naturalist. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Carl Linnaeus, Latinized as Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 23, 1707[1] – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[2] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... 1766 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... A giant grouper at the Georgia Aquarium Fish are aquatic vertebrates that are typically cold-blooded, covered with scales, and equipped with two sets of paired fins and several unpaired fins. ...


In South Africa, this fish is commonly known as shad on the east coast, and elf on the west coast. Shad can not be commercially sold in KwaZulu-Natal and has a closed season (currently October and November) to allow for breeding. On the west coast Elf is a commercially fished species.

Contents

Description

The bluefish is a moderately proportioned fish, with a broad, forked tail. The spiny first dorsal fin is normally folded back in a groove, as are its pectoral fins. Coloration is a grayish blue-green dorsally, fading to white on the lower sides and belly. Its single row of teeth in each jaw are uniform in size, knife-edged and sharp. Bluefish commonly range in size from seven inch (18 cm) "snappers" to as much as forty pounds (18 kg), though fish heavier than twenty pounds (9 kg) are exceptional. Dorsal fin of an orca A dorsal fin is a fin located on the backs of fishes, whales, dolphins, and porpoises, as well as the (extinct) ichthyosaurs. ... Fish anatomy is primarily governed by the physical characteristics of water, which is much denser than air, holds a relatively small amount of dissolved oxygen, and absorbs light more than does air. ...


Distribution and habitat

Bluefish are migratory marine fish, found worldwide in tropic and temperate seas, except for the eastern shores of the Pacific. On the western side of the Atlantic, their range is from Argentina to Nova Scotia. They are found off Africa, and in the Mediterranean and Black Seas. Bluefish are generally found in bays and sandy bottomed near-shore waters. Migrating fish may be encountered in as much as 200 foot (60 m) depths. Depending on conditions such as water temperature and atmospheric pressure, bluefish may be found nearly anywhere in the water column, from just above the bottom to just below the surface. For other meanings of Pacific, see Pacific (disambiguation). ... The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one_fifth of its surface. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit(Latin) One defends and the other conquers Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis - Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 11 - Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... NASA satellite image of the Black Sea Map of the Black Sea The Black Sea is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Anatolia that is actually a distant arm of the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Mediterranean Sea. ...


United States migration patterns

Bluefish are found off Florida in the winter months. By April, they have disappeared, heading north. By June, they may be found off Massachusetts; in years of high abundance, stragglers may be found as far north as Nova Scotia. By October, they leave New England waters, heading south. Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit(Latin) One defends and the other conquers Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis - Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 11 - Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area...


Life history

Bluefish larvae are the size of zooplankton and are largely at the mercy of currents. Spent bluefish have been found off east central Florida, migrating north. As with most marine fish, their spawning habits are not well known. In the western side of the North Atlantic, there are at least two populations, separated by Cape Hatteras in North Carolina. The Gulf Stream can carry larvae spawned to the south of Cape Hatteras to the north, and eddies can spin off, carrying the larvae into populations found off the coast of the mid-Atlantic, and the New England states. The bluefish population is highly cyclical, with abundance varying widely over a span of ten years or more. A larval insect A larva (Latin; plural larvae) is a juvenile form of animal with indirect development, undergoing metamorphosis (for example, insects or amphibians). ... Photomontage of plankton organisms Plankton is the aggregate community of weakly swimming but mostly drifting small organisms that inhabit the water column of the ocean, seas, and bodies of freshwater. ... An aerial view of the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse prior to its 1999 relocation. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (901 km)  - % water 9. ... For the album by Ocean Colour Scene, see North Atlantic Drift (album) The Gulf Stream is orange and yellow in this representation of water temperatures of the Atlantic. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ...


Feeding habits

Bluefish are voracious, predatory fish. Depending on area and season, they favor menhaden and other sardine-like fishes (Clupeidae), jacks (Scombridae), weakfish (Sciaenidae), grunts (Haemulidae), striped anchovies (Engraulidae), shrimp and squid. They should be handled with care due to their ability to snap at an unwary hand. In July 2006, a 7 year-old girl was attacked on a beach, near the Spanish town of Alicante, allegedly by a bluefish. Luckily, even though she was seriously mauled and left in critical condition, her life was not at risk. [1] The menhadens comprise two genera of marine fish in the family Clupeidae. ... Sardines in the Pacific An open Sardines can Sardines on a plate grilled Sardines For the hide and seek-like game, see Hide and seek. ... Genera See text. ... Genera Acanthocybium Allothunnus Auxus Cybiosarda Euthynnus Gasterochisma Grammatorcynus Gymnosarda Katsuwonus Orcynopsis Rastrelliger Sarda Scomber Scomberomorus Thunnus Scombridae is the family of the mackerels, tunas, and bonitos, and thus includes many of the most important and familiar food fishes. ... Binomial name Cynoscion regalis (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) The weakfish, Cynoscion regalis, is a fish of the drum family Sciaenidae. ... Genera See text. ... Genera See text. ... The anchovies are a family (Engraulidae) of small but common fish. ... Superfamilies Alpheoidea Atyoidea Bresilioidea Campylonotoidea Crangonoidea Galatheacaridoidea Nematocarcinoidea Oplophoroidea Palaemonoidea Pandaloidea Pasiphaeoidea Procaridoidea Processoidea Psalidopodoidea Stylodactyloidea True shrimp are swimming, decapod crustaceans classified in the infraorder Caridea, found widely around the world in both fresh and salt water. ... Suborders †Plesioteuthididae (incertae sedis) Myopsina Oegopsina Squid are a large, diverse group of marine cephalopods. ... Early elections in November are announced in the Netherlands. ... Location of Alicante in Spain Alicante (Castillian Spanish) or Alacant (Valencian) is the capital of the province of Alicante and of the comarca of the Alacantí, in the southern part of the Valencian community, Spain, a historic Mediterranean port. ...


Bluefish are cannibalistic. For this reason, bluefish tend to swim in schools of similarly-sized specimens. This article is about consuming ones own species. ...


Gear and methods

Bluefish are an important recreational and commercial fish.

A large bluefish, about 20 pounds.

Image File history File links Very_Large_Bluefish. ... Image File history File links Very_Large_Bluefish. ...

Sport fishing

Sport fishermen prize bluefish for their fighting ability and cooperativeness. When hooked, bluefish display their dogged strength by making numerous fast runs and an average of 5 acrobatic leaps.

A 1.5 ounce nylon-haired jig, effective for bluefish, especially when a strip of shiny fish is added to the hook. This jig is attched to a five inch tippet of wire and attached with an Albright special knot to 3.5 feet of 50 pound test monofilament leader.
A 1.5 ounce nylon-haired jig, effective for bluefish, especially when a strip of shiny fish is added to the hook. This jig is attched to a five inch tippet of wire and attached with an Albright special knot to 3.5 feet of 50 pound test monofilament leader.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 448 KB) A 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 448 KB) A 1. ... The Albright Special or Albright knot is a knot (properly, a bend) used in angling. ...

Baits

Bluefish eagerly take a wide variety of fresh baits. Live or cut menhaden, mullet, mackerel, spearing, killifish, eels, squid, shrimp, ladyfish pieces, or similar baitfish are all productive, especially when matched to whatever bluefish may be primarily feeding on at the time. The menhadens comprise two genera of marine fish in the family Clupeidae. ... Genera Agonostomus Aldrichetta Cestraeus Cahaenomugil Chelon Crenimugil Joturus Liza Moolgarda Mugil Myxus Neomyxus Oedalechilus Rhinomugil Sicamugil Valaomugil Xenomugil The mullets are a family (Mugilidae) of ray-finned fish found worldwide in coastal temperate and tropical waters, and in some species in fresh water also. ... Mackerel is a common name applied to a number of different species of fish, mostly, but not exclusively, from the family Scombridae. ... A killifish is any of various small, mainly oviparous (egg-laying) cyprinodont fish (order Cyprinodontiformes, family Cyprinodontidae). ... Eels (also sometimes eels or EELS, depending on the album) are an American rock band formed by singer/songwriter Mark Oliver Everett, better known as Mr. ... Suborders †Plesioteuthididae (incertae sedis) Myopsina Oegopsina Squid are a large, diverse group of marine cephalopods. ... Superfamilies Alpheoidea Atyoidea Bresilioidea Campylonotoidea Crangonoidea Galatheacaridoidea Nematocarcinoidea Oplophoroidea Palaemonoidea Pandaloidea Pasiphaeoidea Procaridoidea Processoidea Psalidopodoidea Stylodactyloidea True shrimp are swimming, decapod crustaceans classified in the infraorder Caridea, found widely around the world in both fresh and salt water. ... Binomial name Elops saurus Linnaeus, 1766 The Ladyfish (or Ten-Pounder, Elops saurus) is a tropical species of Ray-finned fish. ...

A top-water popping lure, effective for bluefish feeding on the surface. Fishermen who enjoy using top-water lures for bluefish find they add to the overall excitement as a bluefish attacks their lure on the surface. Bluefish will occasionally "skyrocket"--leap out of the water before landing on and attacking--a lure such as this, a spectacular sight for top-water lure fishermen.
A top-water popping lure, effective for bluefish feeding on the surface. Fishermen who enjoy using top-water lures for bluefish find they add to the overall excitement as a bluefish attacks their lure on the surface. Bluefish will occasionally "skyrocket"--leap out of the water before landing on and attacking--a lure such as this, a spectacular sight for top-water lure fishermen.

Bluefish eagerly take artificial baits as well. Either trolled or cast with a fast retrieve, shiny spoons and the full range of bright-colored plugs, jigs, plus fluorescent-colored tube lures are all effective. Noisy surface lures at dawn or dusk near a sharp dropoff or in shallow water are also productive, which many fisherman find adds to the excitement as a bluefish attacks their lure on the surface. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 455 KB) A top water popper lure. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 455 KB) A top water popper lure. ... A spoon lure is, in terms of sport fishing an oblong, concave metal piece resembling a spoon. ... A wobbler is a larger fishing lure, designed to resemble larger fishes than the jig. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...


Bluefish will occasionally "skyrocket"--leap out of the water before landing on and attacking a top water lure or live bait fished at the surface--a spectacular sight for most fishermen.


Little skill is needed to hook a bluefish when a school is in a feeding frenzy. They will ravenously strike any natural bait or shiny lure--even a shiny coin tossed into their midst.


Tackle

Bluefish are known to hit just about anything.


Medium-light to medium weight spinning or bait-casting rigs are standard. 8 to 12 pound test line is common when targeting bluefish in the 1 to 3 pound range, while 20 pound test and matched tackle may be the choice when targeting larger specimens, such as pictured above.


Fishermen typically present natural baits on a size 3/0 or 4/0 hook, sometimes followed by a smaller "stinger" hook. These are attached to wire tippets about 6 inches long, which are attached either by swivel or Albright Special to 3 to 5 feet of 50 to 80 pound monofilament leader. Larger hooks are appropriate for larger baits and bluefish. Some fishermen instead choose only a heavy monofilimant leader attached to a long-shank hook, which usually avoids the bluefish's sharp teeth. Artificial lures are presented on similar leader arrangements. Steel leaders are a benefit since their razor sharp teeth will cleanly snip through any normal fishing line. The Swivel Gun is a mounted ships cannon, able to turn and pivot. ... The Albright Special or Albright knot is a knot (properly, a bend) used in angling. ...



Some adventuresome anglers target bluefish with flyrods tipped with large, brightly-colored and tinsel-lined streamers or surface poppers. Due to their schooling and ravenous feeding habits, bluefish are among the easier ocean-faring targets for those trying their hand at heavy fly tackle. In South Africa, this fish is commonly caught on a bare hook as the shining action in the water attracts these sportfish. Fly rod and reel with a wild brown trout from a chalk stream. ... Blue Winged Olive, a classic dry fly for trout. ...


Commercial fishing

Commercial fishermen take bluefish in the one to two pound range. Steel leaders are a must since their razor sharp teeth will cleanly snip through any normal fishing line .


Edibility

Although a commercially important fish, bluefish are somewhat oily and strong flavored. To minimize this and any "fishy" taste, they should be gutted, iced promptly, and eaten fresh. If the fish is not quickly taken care of in this way, the meat will rapidly deteriorate, becoming soft and mushy and assuming a steadily greyer pigmentation. Younger bluefish are actually the best for eating. Whatever the size, fishermen will sometimes slit the throat of a just-caught bluefish to allow them to bleed out. Additionally, the fillets are often skinned and the dark red meat on the skin-side and along the lateral line, which is more strongly flavored, is often filleted out, leaving only the white, slightly gray-blue hued flesh behind. Bluefish lends itself to the full range of culinary preparation methods, plus they are often smoked, particularly larger specimens. In fish, the lateral line is a sense organ used to detect movement in the surrounding water. ... Food from plant sources Food is any substance normally eaten or drunk by living organisms. ...


As a migratory fish near the top of the food chain, bluefish can accumulate many toxins in their system ranging from PCBs to mercury. As with most fish of such nature, they should not be consumed by pregnant or nursing women, or children under 6. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). ... General Name, Symbol, Number mercury, Hg, 80 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 12, 6, d Appearance silvery Standard atomic weight 200. ...


Other uses

Bluefish are often caught and used as live bait for tuna, shark, or billfish. A shoal of skipjack tuna Tuna are several species of ocean-dwelling fish in the family Scombridae, mostly in the genus Thunnus. ... Orders Carcharhiniformes Heterodontiformes Hexanchiformes Lamniformes Orectolobiformes Pristiophoriformes Squaliformes Squatiniformes Symmoriida(extinct) Sharks (superorder Selachimorpha) are fish with a full cartilaginous skeleton[1] and a streamlined body. ... The term billfish is applied to a number of different large, predatory fish such as marlin and swordfish. ...


Similar Species

Bluefish are the only members now included in the Pomatomidae family. At one time, gnomefishes were once included but these are now in grouped in a separate family, Scombropidae. The gnomefishes are a small family Scombropidae of marine fish, consisting of three species in the genus Scombrops. ... The gnomefishes are a small family Scombropidae of marine fish, consisting of three species in the genus Scombrops. ...


References

  1. ^ CAAB taxon report for Pomatomus saltatrix at the CSIRO

FishBase is a comprehensive database of information about fish. ... Please note that the ITIS system URL has changed (25 September 2006). ... January 30 is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) is the national government body for scientific research in Australia. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Bluefish Fact Sheet (1216 words)
Bluefish are greenish blue with a sturdy compressed body, a large head, and sharp, triangular teeth.
Along the east coast, bluefish migrate northward in the spring and summer and southward in the fall and winter.
Bluefish are among the most abundant and frequently caught food and sport fishes along the Atlantic coast and support important commercial and recreational fisheries.
Mass. Division of Marine Fisheries: Bluefish - Species Profile (1470 words)
The bluefish, a trophy species hotly pursued by anglers due to it's reputation as a champion battler and voracious predator, is native to both the American and European-African coasts of the Atlantic Ocean.
Bluefish display an annual migration pattern that is keyed to the seasonal warming and cooling of coastal waters.
Bluefish generally feed in schools, actively pursuing prey in tidal rips or inshore shallows where food is easier to catch.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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