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Encyclopedia > Blue Ribbon Schools Program
Insignia that designates a Blue Ribbon School
Insignia that designates a Blue Ribbon School

The Blue Ribbon Schools Program is a United States government program created to honor schools. The Blue Ribbon award is considered to be the highest honor that an American school can achieve.[1][2] Image File history File linksMetadata Nochild. ... This article describes the government of the United States. ...

Contents

History

Established in 1982 by Secretary of Education Terrell Bell, the program first honored only secondary schools. Then it was expanded to include primary schools. It was then changed again to honor secondary schools and primary schools in alternate years. The program recognized more than 3,000 schools from its inception through 1996, and currently cites nearly 300 schools per year out of 133,000 total schools K-12 [3], although only those schools which meet the eligibility criteria and submit applications are considered. The United States Secretary of Education is the head of the Department of Education. ... Terrell H. Bell (born November 11, 1921) was the first United States Secretary of Education in the Cabinet of President Ronald Reagan, initially appointed with the expectation that he would preside over the dismantling of his department. ... High School also refers to the highest form of classical riding, High School Dressage. ... Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... K-12 (Pronounced Kay through twelve or just Kay twelve) is the North American designation for primary and secondary education. ...


Many have won the award multiple times, including four-time winners Catholic High School in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Crocker Middle School in Hillsborough, California, Spartanburg High School in Spartanburg, South Carolina, Stevenson High School in Lincolnshire, Illinois, Carmel Catholic High School in Mundelein, Illinois, and Holy Names Academy in Seattle, Washington. Catholic High School is an all-male Catholic college-preparatory school in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, run by the Brothers of the Sacred Heart. ... For the Canadian restaurant, see Baton Rouge (restaurant). ... William H. Crocker Middle School is a public middle school located in Hillsborough, California, a suburb about 20 miles south of San Francisco, as part of the Hillsborough City School District. ... Hillsborough is an incorporated town in San Mateo County, California, in the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Spartanburg is the largest city and the county seat of Spartanburg CountyGR6 in South Carolina, and is the second-largest city of the three primary cities in the Upstate region of South Carolina. ... Adlai E. Stevenson High School, Stevenson High School, or SHS, is a public four-year high school located near the corner of Milwaukee Avenue and Half Day Road in Lincolnshire, Illinois, a northern suburb of Chicago. ... Lincolnshire is a village in Lake County, Illinois, United States. ... Incorporated Village in 1865. ... Holy Names Academy Holy Names Academy is a Catholic girls high school located on the east slope of Seattles Capitol Hill at 21st Avenue E. and E. Roy Street. ... “Seattle” redirects here. ...


States, territories, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and the Department of Defense Education Activity Schools have joined the competition over the years. Special emphases have changed from year to year based on national priorities. The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) is an agency of the federal government of the United States within the Department of the Interior charged with the administration and management of 55. ...


Criteria

To be selected for recognition, a school conducts a self-evaluation -- a process that allows teachers, students, parents and community representatives to assess their strengths and weaknesses and develop strategic plans for the future. The school then submits a written application, including information on their progress toward achieving the National Education Goals. A review panel selects what they consider the most promising schools for site visits by experienced educators who submit reports on their findings. The review panel considers the reports and makes recommendations to the U.S. Secretary of Education, who announces the schools selected for recognition. The United States Secretary of Education is the head of the Department of Education. ...


Eligible schools must have been in existence for five years and cannot have received the award within the five prior years.[4]


Statistics

During its 25 years of existence to date, from its inception in 1982 through the 2006 award year, the Blue Ribbon Schools Program has been awarded approximately 5,600 times. 5,200 different schools have been recognized, reflecting those schools that have been selected two or more times.[5] There are over 133,000 public, charter, private and parochial schools serving grades K-12 that are eligible for the award.[6] With 5,200 award recipients and 133,000 eligible schools, approximately 3.9% of schools nationwide have been recognized as Blue Ribbon Schools.


Criticism

David W. Kirkpatrick, the Senior Education Fellow at the US Freedom Foundation, noted in an editorial titled, Awarding Blue Ribbons: Recognizing Schools or Students?, that criteria for the awards does not take into account the socioeconomic status of the students and that studies show that students who come from homes with higher income and better educated parents do better than students without these advantages by virtue of their backgrounds. Thus, the award is usually given to schools with students from wealthy backgrounds. As evidence to support his case, he pointed to the distribution of awards given in Pennsylvania one year; of eight schools receiving the award, only one was in a district whose income level was near the state average, and the rest went to districts with above average income, including two in the wealthiest community in the state.


Kirkpatrick proposed an alternative to recognizing "blue ribbon students"; he wrote, "Thus a more accurate indication of a good school would be one that adjusts for such [socioeconomic] factors and identifies those in which students do better than would normally be expected, based on their backgrounds."[7]


See also

The Lyndon Baines Johnson Department of Education Building[1]) , ED headquarters in Washington, DC A construction project to repair and update the building facade at the Department of Education Headquarters building in 2002 resulted in the installation of structures at all of the entrances to protect employees and visitors from... Signing ceremony at Hamilton High School in Hamilton, Ohio. ...

References

  1. ^ CIBA cited as one of the best by Education Department, Journal Inquirer, November 16, 2006. "The Blue Ribbon award is given only to schools that reach the top 10 percent of their state's testing scores over several years or show significant gains in student achievement. It is considered the highest honor a school can achieve."
  2. ^ Viers Mill School Wins Blue Ribbon; School Scored High on Statewide Test; The Washington Post. September 29, 2005 "For their accomplishments, all three schools this month earned the status of Blue Ribbon School, the highest honor the U.S. Education Department can bestow upon a school."
  3. ^ US K-12 Enrollment The Center for Education Reform figures for 2000–2003, accessed December 8, 2006
  4. ^ 2006-07 NCLB-Blue Ribbon Schools program Application, United States Department of Education, p. 9 of 17. Accessed July 16, 2007. "The school has been in existence for five full years, that is, from at least September 2001 and has not received the No Child Left Behind – Blue Ribbon Schools award in the past five years."
  5. ^ Blue Ribbon Schools 1982-2002 lists about 4,561 separate awards to approximately 4,175 schools. Blue Ribbon Schools 2003-2006 lists 1,040 award recipients. The number of multiple award recipients who had been recognized from 2003-2006, who had also been recognized previously, has not been determined.
  6. ^ K-12 Facts, Center for Education Reform, accessed May 7, 2007, lists 133,362 K-12 schools nationwide: 94,112 public schools, approximately 3,600 charter schools, 27,223 private schools and 8,102 Catholic schools.
  7. ^ "Awarding Blue Ribbons: Recognizing Schools or Students?", dated 24 October 2005, accessed 28 May 2007.

Journal Inquirer is published afternoons Monday through Friday and Saturday mornings in Manchester, Connecticut, and serves 17 towns in the north-central part of the Connecticut regional paper with four major towns, Manchester, East Hartford, Enfield and Vernon 1st edition: Enfield, Somers, Suffield, East Windsor and Windsor Locks. ... is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C.. It is also one of the citys oldest papers, having been founded in 1877. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Lyndon Baines Johnson Department of Education Building[1]) , ED headquarters in Washington, DC A construction project to repair and update the building facade at the Department of Education Headquarters building in 2002 resulted in the installation of structures at all of the entrances to protect employees and visitors from... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Hoover Institution - Education Next - In Praise of Mediocrity (2333 words)
The Blue Ribbon Schools Program is a dinosaur.
The Blue Ribbon schools that we identified as low achieving (in the bottom 50 percent) are often quite privileged.
In most walks of life, blue ribbons are given to those who compete and perform at a high level, finishing at the top of their group.
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