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Encyclopedia > Bloomsbury, London
Bloomsbury
Location
OS grid reference: TQ305825
Latitude: 51.52627173°
Longitude: -0.11788295°
Administration
London borough: Camden
County level: Greater London
Region: London
Constituent country: England
Sovereign state: United Kingdom
Other
Ceremonial county: Greater London
Historic county: Middlesex (1889)
Services
Police force: Metropolitan Police
Fire brigade: London Fire Brigade
Ambulance service: London Ambulance
Post office and telephone
Post town: LONDON
Postal district: WC1
Dialling code: 020
Politics
UK Parliament: Holborn and St. Pancras
London Assembly: Barnet and Camden
European Parliament: London
London | List of places in London

Bloomsbury is an area of central London between Holborn and Euston station, developed by the Russell family in the 17th and 18th centuries into a fashionable residential area. It is notable for its array of gardened squares[1], its literary connections (exemplified by the Bloomsbury Group), and its numerous hospitals and academic institutions. Image File history File links Greater_london_outline_map_bw. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... Latitude, usually denoted symbolically by the Greek letter phi, , gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the equator. ... Longitude, sometimes denoted by the Greek letter λ (lambda),[1][2] describes the location of a place on Earth east or west of a north-south line called the Prime Meridian. ... The administrative area of Greater London contains thirty-two London boroughs. ... The London Borough of Camden is an inner-London borough created in 1965 to replace the metropolitan boroughs of Hampstead, Holborn, St Pancras. ... Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... Greater London is the top level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... Greater London is the top level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ... Constituent countries is a phrase sometimes used, usually by official institutions, in contexts in which a number of countries make up a larger entity or grouping; thus the OECD has used the phrase in reference to the former Yugoslavia (example here) and European institutions such as the Council of Europe... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... The Ceremonial counties of England are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government with reference to the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England. ... Greater London is the top level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ... The historic counties of England are ancient subdivisions of England. ... Middlesex is one of the 39 historic counties of England and the second smallest (after Rutland). ... There are a number of policing agencies in the United Kingdom. ... The Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) is the Home Office police force responsible for Greater London, with the exception of the square mile of the City of London. ... Fire brigades in the United Kingdom are organised on a territorial basis. ... The London Fire Brigade (LFB) provides fire fighting and rescue services in London, UK. It is the third largest fire department in the world with nearly 7000 staff. ... This is a list of ambulance services in the United Kingdom: Ambulance services in England, after July 1, 2006 are A few deviations from the above have been made for operational reasons. ... The London Ambulance Service (LAS) is the largest ambulance service in the world that does not directly charge its patients for its services. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... London WC1 is the London postal district covering the area of central London roughly bounded by Grays Inn Road to the east, High Holborn to the south, Tottenham Court Road to the west and Euston Road to the north. ... The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. ... 020 is the STD code for Greater London in the United Kingdom. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... Holborn & St. ... Greater London is divided into a number of constituencies for London Assembly elections. ... Barnet and Camden is a constituency represented in the London Assembly. ... 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... London is a constituency of the European Parliament. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This is a partial list of places in London, England. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England_(bordered). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Holborn (pronounced ho-bun or ho-burn) is a place in London, named after a tributary to the river Fleet that flowed through the area, the Hole-bourne (the stream in the hollow). ... Euston station, also known as London Euston, is a major railway station to the north of central London and in the London Borough of Camden. ... London has had a long history with squares in London. ... The Bloomsbury Group or Bloomsbury Set or just Bloomsbury, as its adherents would generally refer to it, was an English group of artists and scholars that existed from around 1905 until around World War II. // History The group began as an informal socialwe have been great to society assembly of...


While Bloomsbury was not the first area of London to acquire a formal square, Southampton Square (now named Bloomsbury Square), which was laid out by Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton in 1660, was the first square to actually be named as such[2]. Bloomsbury Square Bloomsbury Square is a square in Bloomsbury, Camden, London. ... Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton (1607 - 16 May 1667), styled Lord Wriothesley before 1624, was a 17th century English statesman, a staunch supporter of Charles II who would rise to the position of Lord High Treasurer after the English Restoration. ...


Bloomsbury is home to the British Museum, the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, the British Medical Association, and the University of London headquarters and some of its colleges, including SOAS, University College London, Birkbeck College, the Institute of Education and the School of Advanced Study. The centre of the museum was redeveloped in 2000 to become the Great Court, with a tessellated glass roof by Buro Happold and Foster and Partners surrounding the original Reading Room. ... RADAs theatre in London The Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) in Bloomsbury, London, is generally regarded as the most prestigious drama school in the world. ... The logo of the association. ... The University of London is a university based primarily in London. ... School of Oriental and African Studies The School of Oriental and African Studies (often abbreviated to SOAS) was founded in 1916 primarily as an institution to train British administrators for colonial postings, and has grown into one of the worlds foremost institutions for the study of Asia and Africa. ... University College London, commonly known as UCL, or simply UC is one of the colleges that makes up the University of London. ... Birkbeck Birkbeck (sometimes still called Birkbeck College) is a College of the University of London. ... The Institute of Education (IoE) is a postgraduate college and part of the University of London. ... The School of Advanced Study is a listed organisation of the University of London. ...


Notable hospitals include Great Ormond Street Hospital and University College Hospital[3]. The Great Ormond Street Hospital for Sick Children was founded in London in 1852 as the first hospital specifically for children in the English-speaking world. ... Categories: Stub | London hospitals ...


Bloomsbury was formerly home to the British Library, which moved in 1997 to a nearby location next to St. Pancras railway station in Somers Town. British Library Ossulston St entrance, with distinctive red logo. ... The Gothic Revival facade and clock tower of the disused Midland Hotel are the most visible part of St Pancras station. ... Somers Town, named after the Somers family who owned the land, is an area of London south of Camden Town. ...

Contents

History

Queens Square, Bloomsbury in 1787. The fields to the north reach as far as Hampstead
Queens Square, Bloomsbury in 1787. The fields to the north reach as far as Hampstead

The earliest record of what would become Bloomsbury is the 1086 Domesday Book, which records that the area had vineyards and "wood for 100 pigs". [4]. But it is not until 1201 that the name Bloomsbury is first noted, when William de Blemond, a Norman landowner, acquired the land[5]. The name Bloomsbury is a development from Blemondisberi - the bury, or manor, of Blemond. An 1878 publication, Old and New London: Volume 4, mentions the idea that the area was named after a village called "Lomesbury" which formerly stood where Bloomsbury Square is now[6], though this piece of folk etymology is now discredited. Image File history File links Queen_Square_Bloomsbury. ... Image File history File links Queen_Square_Bloomsbury. ... Hampstead is an area in the London Borough of Camden. ... A line drawing entitled Domesday Book from Andrew Williamss Historic Byways and Highways of Old England. ...


At the end of the 14th century Edward III acquired Blemond's manor, and passed it on to the Carthusian monks of the London Charterhouse, who kept the area mostly rural. Edward III King of England Edward III (13 November 1312–21 June 1377) was one of the most successful English Kings of medieval times. ... A Carthusian Monastery in Jerez, Spain The Carthusian Order, also called the Order of St. ... The Charterhouse in 1770. ...


In the 16th century, with the Dissolution of the Monasteries, King Henry VIII took the land back into the possession of the Crown, and granted it to Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of Southampton. The Dissolution of the Monasteries, referred to by Roman Catholic writers as the Suppression of the Monasteries, was the formal process during the English Reformation by which King Henry VIII confiscated the property of the monastic institutions in England between 1538 and 1541. ... Henry VIII King of England and Ireland by Hans Holbein the Younger His Grace King Henry VIII (28 June 1491–28 January 1547) was King of England and Lord of Ireland (later King of Ireland) from 22 April 1509 until his death. ... Thomas Wriothesley (1505 - July 30, 1550) was a politician of the Tudor period, and was created Earl of Southampton in 1547. ...


In the early 1660s, the Earl of Southampton constructed what was eventually to become Bloomsbury Square. However the area was laid out mainly in the 18th century, largely by landowners like Wriothesley Russell, 3rd Duke of Bedford, who built Bloomsbury Market, which opened in 1730. The title of Earl of Southampton was created three times in the Peerage of England - in 1537, 1544, and 1670. ... Bloomsbury Square Bloomsbury Square is a square in Bloomsbury, Camden, London. ... The Most Noble Wriothesley Russell, 3rd Duke of Bedford (May 25, 1708–October 23, 1732) was the son of Wriothesley Russell, 2nd Duke of Bedford. ...


Geography

Bloomsbury has no official boundary, but is generally agreed as the square bounded by Euston Road to the north, Tottenham Court Road to the west, New Oxford Street, Bloomsbury Way and Theobald's Road to the south, and Gray's Inn Road to the east, [7][8]. Though the south and east boundaries are not exact and can merge with Holborn and Clerkenwell. Euston Road is an important thoroughfare in central London. ... Tottenham Court Road looking north with the Euston Tower in the distance Tottenham Court Road is a road in Central London running from St Giles Circus (the junction of Oxford Street and Charing Cross Road) north to Euston Road, near the border of the City of Westminster and the London... Grays Inn Road is a major road in central London, in the London Borough of Camden, and is part of the A5200 in Londons congestion charge zone. ... Holborn (pronounced ho-bun or ho-burn) is a place in London, named after a tributary to the river Fleet that flowed through the area, the Hole-bourne (the stream in the hollow). ... Clerkenwell (pronounced clarkenwell) is a locality in the southermost part of the London Borough of Islington. ...


The area is bisected north to south by the main Southampton Row-Woburn Place thoroughfare, which contains several large tourist hotels and links Tavistock Square and Russell Square - the central points of Bloomsbury. The road runs from Euston and Somers Town in the north to Holborn in the south. Euston station, also known as London Euston, is a major railway station to the north of central London and in the London Borough of Camden. ... Somers Town, named after the Somers family who owned the land, is an area of London south of Camden Town. ...


To the east of this busy road Bloomsbury is mainly residential. This half contains the Brunswick shopping centre and cinema [9], and Coram's Fields recreation area. The area to the north of Coram's Fields consists of tenements and is generally considered part of St Pancras[10] or King's Cross[11] rather than north-eastern Bloomsbury. The area to the south is slightly less residential, containing several hospitals, including Great Ormond Street, and gradually becomes more commercial in character as it approaches the boundary with Holborn at Theobald's Road. Categories: Stub | House types ... St Pancras is the name of a place in London. ... Kings Cross is an place in the London Borough of Camden. ...


The west of Woburn Place-Southampton Row is notable for its concentration of academic establishments, museums, teaching hospitals and formal squares. It is this side that contains the British Museum and the University of London. The most prominent road is Gower Street which is a one way road running south from Euston Square to Shaftesbury Avenue in Covent Garden, becoming Bloomsbury Street when it passes to the west of the British Museum. Gower Street is a street in Hollywood, California, which marks the start of the Hollywood Walk of Fame, which runs east to west on Hollywood Boulevard. ... Shaftesbury Avenue is a major London street, named after Anthony Ashley Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury, that runs in a north-easterly direction from Piccadilly Circus to New Oxford Street, crossing Charing Cross Road at Cambridge Circus. ... Covent Garden is a district in central London and within the easterly bounds of the City of Westminster. ...


Other neighbouring areas are Soho to the southwest, and Fitzrovia to the west. Soho is an area of central Londons West End, in the borough of the City of Westminster. ... Fitzrovia is an area of central London. ...


Parks and Squares

Bloomsbury contains some of London's finest parks and buildings, and is particularly known for its formal squares. These include:

Tavistock Square
Tavistock Square

Download high resolution version (800x628, 182 KB)Tavistock Square, taken by C Ford March 04. ... Download high resolution version (800x628, 182 KB)Tavistock Square, taken by C Ford March 04. ... Russell Square Russell Square is a large garden square in Bloomsbury, London. ... Notable gardeners Luis Barragán Geoffrey Bawa Lancelot Capability Brown Charles de lÉcluse Esther Dean Charlie Dimmock A. J. Downing Ian Hamilton Finlay Bob Flowerdew Pippa Greenwood C. Z. Guest Robert Hart Michael Heseltine Hotsukimaru Derek Jarman Thomas Jefferson Gertrude Jekyll William Kent André Le Nôtre Peter Joseph... Bedford Square is a square in the Bloomsbury district of the London Borough of Camden in London, England. ... ... 1783 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Bloomsbury Square Bloomsbury Square is a square in Bloomsbury, Camden, London. ... This article or section needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... Queen Square is a comparatively small garden square in Bloomsbury, London, located approximately 200 metres (220 yards) east of Russell Square. ... The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery (NHNN) was the first hospital of its kind in England, being dedicated exclusively to treating the diseases of the nervous system. ... Gordon Square Gordon Square is in Bloomsbury, London. ... University College London, commonly known as UCL, or simply UC is one of the colleges that makes up the University of London. ... John Maynard Keynes (right) and Harry Dexter White at the Bretton Woods Conference John Maynard Keynes, 1st Baron Keynes, CB (pronounced keyns, IPA ) (5 June 1883 – 21 April 1946) was a British economist whose ideas, called Keynesian economics, had a major impact on modern economic and political theory as well... Woburn Square is the smallest of the Bloomsbury Squares and owned by the University of London. ... University College London, commonly known as UCL, or simply UC is one of the colleges that makes up the University of London. ... Tavistock Square Tavistock Square is a square in Bloomsbury, London. ... The logo of the association. ... The 7 July 2005 London bombings were a series of coordinated terrorist bomb blasts that hit Londons public transport system during the morning rush hour. ... Corams Fields is a large open space in the London borough of Camden. ... The Foundling Hospital, London, was founded in 1739 by the philanthropic sea captain Thomas Coram. ...

Arts, University, Museums and Medicine

Queen Square
Queen Square

Historically, Bloomsbury is associated with the arts, education and medicine. The area gives its name to the Bloomsbury Group (also Bloomsbury Set) of artists, the most famous of whom was Virginia Woolf, who met in private homes in the area in the early 1900s, and to the lesser known Bloomsbury Gang of Whigs formed in 1765 by John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford. The publisher Faber & Faber is in Queen Square, though at the time when TS Eliot was editor the offices were in Tavistock Square. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1360 KB) Own Personal Photography I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1360 KB) Own Personal Photography I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The Bloomsbury Group or Bloomsbury Set or just Bloomsbury, as its adherents would generally refer to it, was an English group of artists and scholars that existed from around 1905 until around World War II. // History The group began as an informal socialwe have been great to society assembly of... // First flight by the Wright brothers, December 17, 1903. ... The Bloomsbury gang, also known as the Bedford party, was a United Kingdom in 1765 by John-Russell,-4th-Duke-of-Bedford. ... The Whigs (with the Tories) are often described as one of two political parties in England and later the United Kingdom from the late 17th to the mid 19th centuries. ... John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford (1710-1771), second son of Wriothesley Russell, 2nd Duke of Bedford, by his wife, Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of John Howland of Streatham, Surrey, was born on 30 September 1710. ... Faber and Faber is a celebrated publishing house in the UK, notable in particular for publishing the poetry of T. S. Eliot. ... Queen Square is a comparatively small garden square in Bloomsbury, London, located approximately 200 metres (220 yards) east of Russell Square. ... Thomas Stearns Eliot (September 26, 1888 - January 4, 1965), was a major Modernist Anglo-American poet, dramatist, and literary critic. ...


Educational institutions

Bloomsbury is home to Senate House and the main library of the University of London, and also University College London (with the Slade School of Fine Art), SOAS, Birkbeck College, the Institute of Education, and the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art. Senate House is a term frequently used to describe the main administrative building of a university. ... The University of London is a university based primarily in London. ... University College London, commonly known as UCL, or simply UC is one of the colleges that makes up the University of London. ... Part of the University College London, the Slade School of Art was founded in 1868 as the result of an endowment by Felix Slade. ... School of Oriental and African Studies The School of Oriental and African Studies (often abbreviated to SOAS) was founded in 1916 primarily as an institution to train British administrators for colonial postings, and has grown into one of the worlds foremost institutions for the study of Asia and Africa. ... Birkbeck, University of London, sometimes referred to by its former name Birkbeck College or by the abbreviation BBK, is a College of the University of London. ... The Institute of Education (IoE) is a postgraduate college and part of the University of London. ... RADAs theatre in London The Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) in Bloomsbury, London, is generally regarded as the most prestigious drama school in the world. ...


Hospitals

Great Ormond Street Hospital for children, is located just off Queen Square, which itself is home to the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery (formerly the National Hospital for Nervous Diseases) and the Royal London Homeopathic Hospital. Bloomsbury is also the location of University College Hospital, which re-opened in 2005 in new buildings on Euston Road, built under the government’s Private Finance Initiative (PFI). The Eastman Dental Hospital is located on Gray’s Inn Road close to the Royal National Throat, Nose and Ear Hospital administered by the Royal Free Hospital. The Great Ormond Street Hospital for Sick Children was founded in London in 1852 as the first hospital specifically for children in the English-speaking world. ... Queen Square is a comparatively small garden square in Bloomsbury, London, located approximately 200 metres (220 yards) east of Russell Square. ... The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery (NHNN) was the first hospital of its kind in England, being dedicated exclusively to treating the diseases of the nervous system. ... Categories: Stub | London hospitals ... The Royal Free Hospital is a large and modern London teaching hospital, United Kingdom. ...


Museums

The British Museum, which first opened to the public in 1759 in Montagu House, is at the heart of Bloomsbury. At the centre of the museum around the former British Library Reading Room (where Karl Marx was a reader), the space formerly filled with the concrete storage bunkers of the British Library is today the Great Court, an indoor square with a glass roof designed by British architect Norman Foster. It houses displays, a cinema, a shop, a cafe and a restaurant. The British Library now has a new purpose-built home just outside the northern edge of Bloomsbury, on Euston Road. The centre of the museum was redeveloped in 2000 to become the Great Court, with a tessellated glass roof by Buro Happold and Foster and Partners surrounding the original Reading Room. ... There have been at least two notable buildings called Montagu House: Montagu House, Bloomsbury was the first home of the British Museum. ... British Library Ossulston St entrance, with distinctive red logo. ... Karl Heinrich Marx (May 5, 1818, Trier, Germany – March 14, 1883, London) was a German philosopher, political economist, and revolutionary. ... A new dome for the restored Reichstag in Berlin, housing the German parliament. ... Euston Road is an important thoroughfare in central London. ...


Also in Bloomsbury is the Foundling Museum close to Brunswick Square, which tells the story of the Foundling Hospital opened by Thomas Coram, for unwanted children (foundlings) in Georgian London. The hospital, now demolished but for the Georgian colonnade, is today a playground and outdoor sports field for children, called Coram’s Fields; adults are only admitted with a child. It is also home to a small number of sheep. The nearby Lamb’s Conduit Street is a pleasant thoroughfare with independent shops, cafes and restaurants. The Foundling Museums Court Room The Foundling Museum was set up in 1998 and houses the nationally important art collection of the Foundling Hospital. ... Brunswick Square Brunswick Square is a public garden in Bloomsbury, City of Westminster, London. ... Thomas Coram, painted by William Hogarth, 1740 Captain Thomas Coram (c. ...


There is also the Dickens Museum in Doughty Street. Londons Charles Dickens Museum is in Doughty Street in the district of Bloomsbury. ...


Churches

Church of Christ the King
Church of Christ the King

Bloomsbury contains three notable churches. St. George's Church, located on Bloomsbury Way in the south of the area, was built by Nicholas Hawksmoor between 1716 and 1731. It has a deep Roman porch with six huge Corinthian columns, and is notable for its steeple based on the Tomb of Mausolus at Halicarnassus and for the statue of King George I on the top. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3840x2160, 4136 KB) Church of Christ the King, Gordon Square, London Photographer: User:Justinc File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bloomsbury, London Church of Christ the King... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3840x2160, 4136 KB) Church of Christ the King, Gordon Square, London Photographer: User:Justinc File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bloomsbury, London Church of Christ the King... St. ... The career of Nicholas Hawksmoor (probably 1661 - 25 March 1736) formed the brilliant middle link in Britains trio of great baroque architects. ... Corinthian refers originally to the port of Corinth in Greece Corinthian order a classical order of Greek and Roman architecture Corinthian league Pauline epistles, books of the New Testament of the Bible: First Epistle to the Corinthians Second Epistle to the Corinthians Third Epistle to the Corinthians (Armenian Orthodox) The... The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, depicted in this hand-coloured engraving from a series issued in 1572 by Martin Heemskerck (1498-1574), who based his reconstruction on descriptions. ... Map of the Aegean Sea, showing the location of Halicarnassus (modern Bodrum, Turkey) Halicarnassus (; modern Bodrum; see also List of traditional Greek place names), an ancient Greek city on the southwest coast of Caria, Asia Minor, on a picturesque and advantageous site on the Ceramic Gulf (Gulf of Cos, Gulf... George II (George Augustus; 10 November 1683 – 25 October 1760) was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and Archtreasurer and Prince-Elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 until his death. ...


The second is the Early English Neo-Gothic Church of Christ the King on Gordon Square. It was designed for the Irvingites [12]by Raphael Brandon in 1853. Since June 10th 1954 it has been a Grade I listed building. The Church of Christ the King, Bloomsbury The Church of Christ the King is on Gordon Square, Bloomsbury, London, beside the Dr Williamss Library and near University College London (whose university Christian Union uses it for their annual carol service, though not for regular worship). ... Gordon Square Gordon Square is in Bloomsbury, London. ... The Catholic Apostolic Church is a millenarian religious community. ... Buckingham Palace, a Grade I listed building. ...


The third is St Pancras New Church on the northern boundary, near Euston station. This church was completed in 1822, and is notable for the caryatids on north and south which are based on the "porch of the maidens" from the Temple of the Erechtheum. St Pancras New Church soon after completion. ... Facade of Euston Station, London Euston Arch: the original Euston Station, as enlarged, ca 1851 Euston station concourse Euston station (also known as London Euston), is a large railway station in Central London. ... the Caryatid Porch of the Erechtheum, Athens A caryatid is a sculpted female figure serving as an architectural element such as a column or a pillar supporting an entablature on its head. ... Erechtheum, from SW The Porch of Maidens The Erechtheum, or Erechtheion, is an ancient Greek temple on the north side of the Acropolis of Athens in Greece, notable for a design that is both elegant and unusual. ...


The church of St George the Martyr in Queen Square was built 1703-1706 [13], and was where Ted Hughes and Sylvia Plath married on Bloomsday in 1956 [14] Queen Square is a comparatively small garden square in Bloomsbury, London, located approximately 200 metres (220 yards) east of Russell Square. ... Edward (Ted) James Hughes, OM, referred to normally as Ted Hughes, (August 17, 1930 – October 28, 1998) was an English poet and childrens writer. ... Sylvia Plath (October 27, 1932 – February 11, 1963) was an American poet, novelist, short story writer, and essayist. ... Bloomsday is a holiday observed annually on June 16 to celebrate the life of Irish writer James Joyce and commemorate the events in his novel Ulysses, all of which took place on the same day in Dublin in 1904. ...


Transport

The area surrounding Bloomsbury is served by numerous London Underground stations, although only two of these (Russell Square and Euston Square) have entrances in Bloomsbury itself. The other stations, located on the fringes of Bloomsbury, are Euston, Goodge Street, Warren Street, Tottenham Court Road and King's Cross St. Pancras. The London Underground is an all-electric railway system that covers much of Greater London and some neighbouring areas. ... Russell Square is a London Underground station on Bernard Street, Bloomsbury, not far from the British Museum and Russell Square Gardens. ... Categories: Circle Line stations | Hammersmith & City Line stations | Metropolitan Line stations | London Underground stubs ... Euston station, also known as London Euston, is a major railway station to the north of central London and in the London Borough of Camden. ... Goodge Street Goodge Street is a London Underground station on Tottenham Court Road. ... Warren Street Warren Street tube station is a London Underground station. ... Tottenham Court Road is a station on the London Underground, serving as an interchange between the Central Line and the Charing Cross branch of the Northern Line. ... Kings Cross St Pancras tube station is the London Underground station serving both Kings Cross and St Pancras main line stations in the London Borough of Camden. ...


The mainline rail stations Euston, King's Cross and St. Pancras are all located on the northern edge of Bloomsbury. Euston station, also known as London Euston, is a major railway station to the north of central London and in the London Borough of Camden. ... Kings Cross station (often spelt Kings Cross on platform signs) is a railway station in the district of the same name in northeast central London. ... St Pancras station is a railway station in north central London, England, between the new British Library building to its west and Kings Cross station to its east. ...


Bloomsbury is also home to the disused British Museum tube station. British Museum tube station was a station on the London Undergrounds Central Line, located close to the British Museum. ...


It is well served by buses, with over 12 different routes running south down Gower Street, and both north and south past Russell Square[15]. Route 7 goes along Great Russell Street, past the British Museum, and on to Russell Square.


There is one of the 13 surviving taxi driver's shelters on Russell Square[16] where driver's will stop for a meal and a drink.


Notable residents

Vanessa Bell Vanessa Bell (May 28, 1879 – April 7, 1961), was an English painter and interior designer and a member of the Bloomsbury group. ... William Copeland Borlase MA, FSA, MP (1848 - March 31, 1899) born at Castle Horneck, near Penzance in Cornwall, was a well known antiquarian and member of Parliament for the St. ... Randolph Caldecott (1846-1886) was a British artist, born in Chester and was the eponym of the Caldecott Medal. ... Charles Robert Darwin (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an eminent English naturalist who achieved lasting fame by convincing the scientific community that species develop over time from a common origin. ... This is a disambiguation page. ... Dickens redirects here. ... Charles Dickens Museum London Londons Charles Dickens Museum is at 48 Doughty Street in the district of Bloomsbury, London, England. ... Philip Hardwick (1792-1870) was an eminent English architect (son of architect Thomas Hardwick (junior) (1752-1829), and grandson of Thomas Hardwick Senior (1725-1798)). He is particularly associated with transport-related buildings (eg: railway stations, warehouses) in London and elsewhere. ... Philip Charles Hardwick (1822-1892) was a notable English architect of the 19th century. ... Russell Square Russell Square is a large garden square in Bloomsbury, London. ... John Maynard Keynes (right) and Harry Dexter White at the Bretton Woods Conference John Maynard Keynes, 1st Baron Keynes, CB (pronounced keyns, IPA ) (5 June 1883 – 21 April 1946) was a British economist whose ideas, called Keynesian economics, had a major impact on modern economic and political theory as well... Gordon Square Gordon Square is in Bloomsbury, London. ... Robert Nesta Marley, OM (February 6, 1945 – May 11, 1981) was a Jamaican singer, songwriter, and guitarist. ... Gower Street is a street in Hollywood, California, which marks the start of the Hollywood Walk of Fame, which runs east to west on Hollywood Boulevard. ... Virginia Woolf (née Stephen) (January 25, 1882 – March 28, 1941) was an English novelist and essayist who is regarded as one of the foremost modernist literary figures of the twentieth century. ... Thomas Henry Wyatt, a British architect, (9 May 1807 - 5 August 1880)[1]. He had a prolific and distinguished career, being elected President of the Royal Institute of British Architects 1870-73[2]and awarded their Royal Gold Medal for Architecture in 1873[3]. His reputation during his lifetime was... W.B. Yeats in Dublin on 24 January 1908. ...

Gallery

See also

St Pancras is the name of a place in London. ... Holborn (pronounced ho-bun or ho-burn) is a place in London, named after a tributary to the river Fleet that flowed through the area, the Hole-bourne (the stream in the hollow). ... The London Borough of Camden is an inner-London borough created in 1965 to replace the metropolitan boroughs of Hampstead, Holborn, St Pancras. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.gardenvisit.com/landscape/london/lguide/london-squares.htm
  2. ^ The London Encyclopaedia, Edited by Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert. Macmillan London Ltd 1983
  3. ^ http://www.uclh.nhs.uk/
  4. ^ The London Encyclopaedia, edited by Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert; Macmillan London Lts, 1983
  5. ^ http://www.camden.gov.uk/ccm/content/leisure/local-history/camdens-history.en;jsessionid=bXe49MRVNYRg
  6. ^ http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=45209
  7. ^ http://wikitravel.org/en/Talk:London/Central#Bloomsbury
  8. ^ The London Encyclopaedia
  9. ^ http://www.alliedlondon.com/news/news_2004spring.html
  10. ^ http://www.viewlondon.co.uk/home_feat_local_bloomsbury.asp
  11. ^ http://www.uclunion.org/volunteers/organisations/corams-fields-childrens-play.php
  12. ^ http://www.andrewcusack.com/blog/2005/07/church_of_chris.php
  13. ^ http://www.sgtm.org/about/index.asp
  14. ^ Walking Literary London, Roger Tagholm, New Holland Publishers, 2001.
  15. ^ http://cache.tfl.gov.uk/buses/pdfdocs/centlond.pdf
  16. ^ http://www.urban75.org/london/cabmans-shelters.html
  17. ^ http://darwin.baruch.cuny.edu/biography/london/london.html

The London Encyclopaedia, first published in 1983 and revised in 1993 and 1995, is a 1007 page reference work on Englands capital city, London, with some 5,000 articles supported by two indices - one general and one listing people, each of about 10,000 entries. ... The London Encyclopaedia, first published in 1983 and revised in 1993 and 1995, is a 1007 page reference work on Englands capital city, London, with some 5,000 articles supported by two indices - one general and one listing people, each of about 10,000 entries. ...

External links

  • The Bloomsbury Association
  • Bloomsbury attractions
  • Ridgmount Gardens - typical Bloomsbury mansion block
  • Panorama of the British Museum


Main districts of the London boroughs | List of places in London

Acton | Barking | Barnes | Barnet | Battersea | Beckenham | Bermondsey | Bethnal Green | Bexleyheath | Bloomsbury | Brentford | Brixton | Bromley | Camberwell | Camden Town | Carshalton | Catford | Chelsea | Chingford | Chislehurst | Chiswick | City | Clapham | Clerkenwell | Coulsdon | Croydon | Dagenham | Deptford | Ealing | East Ham | Edmonton | Eltham | Enfield Town | Feltham | Finchley | Fulham | Greenwich | Hackney | Hammersmith | Hampstead | Harrow | Hendon | Highbury | Highgate | Hillingdon | Holborn | Hornchurch | Hounslow | Ilford | Isle of Dogs | Isleworth | Islington | Kensington | Kentish Town | Kilburn | Kingston upon Thames | Lambeth | Lewisham | Leyton | Mayfair | Mitcham | Morden | Nag's Head | New Malden | Orpington | Paddington | Peckham | Penge | Pinner | Poplar | Purley | Putney | Richmond | Romford | Ruislip | Shepherd's Bush | Shoreditch | Sidcup | Soho | Southall | Southgate | Stepney | Stoke Newington | Stratford | Streatham | Surbiton | Sutton | Sydenham | Teddington | Thamesmead | Tooting | Tottenham | Twickenham | Upminster | Uxbridge | Walthamstow | Wandsworth | Wanstead | Wapping | Wealdstone | Welling | Wembley | West Ham | Westminster | Whitechapel | Willesden | Wimbledon | Wood Green | Woodford | Woolwich The administrative area of Greater London contains thirty-two London boroughs. ... This is a partial list of places in London, England. ... Acton is a town situated 6. ... Barking is the principal town in the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham. ... Barnes is a suburb in south-west London in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. ... High Barnet or Chipping Barnet is a place in the London Borough of Barnet. ... Battersea is a place in the London Borough of Wandsworth. ... Beckenham is a town in the London Borough of Bromley, England. ... Bermondsey is a place in the London Borough of Southwark. ... Bethnal Green is an area in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, in the East End of London. ... Bexleyheath, formerly known as Bexley New Town, part of the London Borough of Bexley, consists of a suburban development located 12 miles (19. ... Brentford is a suburb in the London Borough of Hounslow at the confluence of the River Thames and the River Brent in South West London, situated approximately 8 miles (12. ... Brixton is an area of South London, part of the London Borough of Lambeth. ... Bromley is the principal town in the London Borough of Bromley, England. ... Camberwell is a district of London in the London Borough of Southwark. ... Camden Town is an area of north London in the London Borough of Camden. ... Carshalton is a suburb of London, part of the London Borough of Sutton, located 10 miles (16. ... Catford is an area in the London Borough of Lewisham, England. ... Statue of Thomas More on Cheyne Walk. ... Chingford is a town in London Borough of Waltham Forest. ... Chislehurst is a place in the London Borough of Bromley. ... Chiswick (IPA pronunciation: ) is an extensive district of West London, located within the eastern extremity of the London Borough of Hounslow and 5. ... The City of London is a geographically-small City within Greater London, England. ... Clapham is a neighbourhood in the London Borough of Wandsworth, South London. ... Clerkenwell (pronounced clarkenwell) is a locality in the southermost part of the London Borough of Islington. ... Coulsdon is a place in the London Borough of Croydon on the Brighton Road (A23). ... Croydon is a large town and major commercial centre in southern England, and is also an area of Greater London, being the main settlement in the London Borough of Croydon. ... Dagenham is a town within the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham. ... Deptford is an area of the London Borough of Lewisham, on the south bank of the River Thames in south-east London. ... Ealing is a town in the London Borough of Ealing. ... East Ham is a place in the London Borough of Newham. ... Edmonton is a place in the eastern part of the London Borough of Enfield. ... Eltham is a place in the London Borough of Greenwich. ... Enfield Town is a town in the London Borough of Enfield. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Finchley is a place in the London Borough of Barnet, London, England. ... For the place in Adelaide, South Australia see Fulham, South Australia Fulham is an area of London in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, located 3. ... Greenwich (pronounced grenn-itch or by some grinn-itch ) is a town, now part of the south eastern urban sprawl of London, on the south bank of the River Thames in the London Borough of Greenwich. ... The Hackney Empire is one of the oldest surviving music halls in Britain. ... Hammersmith is an urban centre in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham in London, approximately 5 miles (8km) west of Charing Cross on the north bank of the River Thames. ... Hampstead is an area in the London Borough of Camden. ... Harrow is the principal town in the London Borough of Harrow. ... For other places with the same name, see Hendon (disambiguation). ... Highbury Clock is located just north of Highbury Fields, near the junction of Highbury Barn and Highbury Hill. ... View of Highgate, John Constable, 1st quarter of 19th century. ... Hillingdon is a place in the London Borough of Hillingdon. ... Holborn (pronounced ho-bun or ho-burn) is a place in London, named after a tributary to the river Fleet that flowed through the area, the Hole-bourne (the stream in the hollow). ... Hornchurch is a town in the London Borough of Havering in East London. ... Hounslow is the principal town of the London Borough of Hounslow in West London. ... Ilford is a district in the London Borough of Redbridge in East London, England. ... The Isle of Dogs in 1899, at the height of its commercial success The Isle of Dogs is in the centre of this 2005 aerial view of east London as seen from the skies over south London. ... Isleworth is an affluent suburb located in the London Borough of Hounslow alongside the River Thames in west London. ... Islington is an inner-city district in north London. ... Kensington is an area to the west of Central London in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. ... Kentish Town is a place in London in the London Borough of Camden. ... Kilburn is an area of North London on the border of the London Borough of Brent and the London Borough of Camden. ... Kingston upon Thames, part of the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, is an ancient market town where Saxon kings were crowned, and is now a lively suburb of London. ... Lambeth is a place in the London Borough of Lambeth. ... Lewisham is an area within the London Borough of Lewisham in south-east London. ... Leyton is a town in the London Borough of Waltham Forest. ... Mayfair is an area in the City of Westminster London, named after the fortnight-long May Fair that took place there from 1686 until it was banned in that location in 1764. ... Mitcham is a place in the London Borough of Merton. ... Morden is a place in the London Borough of Merton. ... The former Nags Head pub Nags Head, Holloway is a locality in North London, in the Borough of Islington. ... New Malden is a suburban town and shopping centre mostly in the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames and partly in the London Borough of Merton, and is situated 9. ... Orpington is a place in the London Borough of Bromley. ... Paddington is an area in the west of London in the City of Westminster. ... Peckham is an area of London in the London Borough of Southwark, located 3. ... Penge is a place in the London Borough of Bromley. ... Pinner is a suburb in north-west London. ... Poplar is an area of the East End of London in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. ... Purley is a place in the London Borough of Croydon. ... Putney is a district of south-west London in the London Borough of Wandsworth. ... Richmond is a suburb and the principal settlement of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames in south west London, England. ... Romford is a town in East London, England and the principal settlement of the London Borough of Havering. ... Ruislip (pronounced rice-lip [raɪslɪp]) is a place in the London Borough of Hillingdon, in northwest London, England. ... Shepherds Bush is a district of West London in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, situated 4. ... Shoreditch Town Hall Shoreditch is a place in the London Borough of Hackney. ... Sidcup is a place in London, England in the London Borough of Bexley. ... Soho is an area of central Londons West End, in the borough of the City of Westminster. ... Southall Broadway, November 2005 Glassy Junction pub, November 2005 For people named Southall, see Southall (surname) Southall is a London suburb in the London Borough of Ealing. ... Southgate is an area in the London Borough of Enfield. ... Stepney is a place in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. ... The Castle Climbing Centre, once the main Water Board pumping station. ... Stratford, historically Stratford Langthorne, is a place in the London Borough of Newham in East London. ... Streatham is a place in the London Borough of Lambeth. ... Surbiton is a suburban area of London situated in the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames. ... Sutton is the principal town in the London Borough of Sutton. ... Sydenham is a place, for the most part, in the London Borough of Lewisham; though some streets towards Crystal Palace Park and Penge are in the London Borough of Bromley, and some streets off Sydenham Hill are in the London Borough of Southwark. ... Teddington is a suburb of south west London, England and part of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. ... Thamesmead is a new town, more realistically a new suburb, in London built on the southern bank of the River Thames, 9. ... Tooting is a suburb in the London Borough of Wandsworth in south London. ... Tottenham is a suburban development in the London Borough of Haringey, situated 6. ... Twickenham is a suburb in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, south west London. ... Upminster is a place in the London Borough of Havering. ... Uxbridge is a place in the London Borough of Hillingdon in West London, England. ... Walthamstow is a town in the London Borough of Waltham Forest. ... Wandsworth is a town on the south bank of the River Thames in south-west London. ... Wanstead is a place in the London Borough of Redbridge. ... Wapping Old Stairs, one of many points of access to the foreshore in the area. ... Wealdstone is a place in the London Borough of Harrow, north-west Greater London where Ash and Binz can often be found ratted out of their heads on strong cider and cheap spirits. ... Welling is a district in the London Borough of Bexley. ... Wembley, until 1965 a borough in its own right, forms the northern part of the London Borough of Brent. ... This article is about the place called West Ham, for the football club, see West Ham United F.C. West Ham is a district of east London in the London Borough of Newham, located 6. ... Westminster is a district within the City of Westminster in London. ... Whitechapel is a place in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, United Kingdom. ... Willesden is an area in North West London which forms part of the London Borough of Brent. ... Wimbledon (pronounced ) is a suburb of London, part of the London Borough of Merton and located seven miles (11. ... Wood Green is a district in the London Borough of Haringey. ... Woodford is principally noteworthy for being the birthplace of the founder members of the notorious association who called themselves the Whores Drawers in the 1980s. ... Woolwich is a suburb in south-east London, England in the London Borough of Greenwich, on the south side of the River Thames, though the tiny exclave of North Woolwich (which is now part of the London Borough of Newham) is on the north side of the river. ...


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Bloomsbury London Hotels, Bloomsbury bed & breakfast B&B, budget Bloomsbury accommodation (570 words)
Cosmo Bedford house is a small friendly bed and breakfast in bloomsbury in the heart of London.
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Bloomsbury, London Information (908 words)
Bloomsbury is an area of central London, in the London Borough of Camden.
Bloomsbury is often said to be named after a Norman landowner, William de Blemund (Blemondisben), who acquired the land in 1201, but is also said to be named after a village "Lomesbury" which formerly stood in the area.
Bloomsbury is roughly defined as the square bounded by Euston Road to the north, Gray's Inn Road to the east, High Holborn to the south and Tottenham Court Road to the west, although this square arguably also contains parts of Holborn and St Pancras.
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