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Encyclopedia > Blood orange
Blood Oranges

Blood Oranges
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Citrus
Species: C. sinensis

The blood orange is a variety of orange (Citrus sinensis) with crimson, blood-colored flesh. The fruit is smaller than an average orange; its skin is usually pitted, but can be smooth. The distinctive dark flesh color is due to the presence of anthocyanin, a pigment common to many flowers and fruit, but uncommon in citrus fruits. Sometimes there is dark coloring on the exterior of the rind as well, depending on the variety of blood orange. The reason for the unusual internal color is related to light, temperature and variety.[1] Download high resolution version (723x692, 83 KB)A plate filled with blood oranges; taken February 5, 2005, by Allen Timothy Chang. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... Divisions Green algae Chlorophyta Charophyta Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular land plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta—liverworts Anthocerotophyta—hornworts Bryophyta—mosses †Horneophytopsida Vascular plants (tracheophytes) †Rhyniophyta—rhyniophytes †Zosterophyllophyta—zosterophylls Lycopodiophyta—clubmosses †Trimerophytophyta—trimerophytes Pteridophyta—ferns and horsetails Ophioglossophyta - adders-tongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta—seed ferns Pinophyta—conifers Cycadophyta—cycads Ginkgophyta—ginkgo... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants or angiosperms are the most widespread group of land plants. ... Orders See text. ... Orders See text The botanical Sub-class Rosidae is a large dicotyledonous flowering plant taxon, containing over 58,000 species grouped within 108 families. ... Families See text Sapindales is a botanical name for an order of flowering plants. ... Genera About 160 genera; selected important genera: Amyris - West Indian Sandalwood Choisya - Mexican orange Citrus - Citrus Dictamnus - Burning-bush Fortunella - Kumquat Melicope - Corkwood, Alani Murraya - Curry tree Phellodendron - Cork-trees Poncirus - Trifoliate orange Ptelea - Hoptree Ruta - Rue Skimmia - Skimmia Tetradium (Euodia) - Euodias Zanthoxylum - Toothache trees Rutaceae is a family of... Species & major hybrids Species Citrus aurantifolia - Key lime Citrus maxima - Pomelo Citrus medica - Citron Citrus reticulata - Mandarin & Tangerine Major hybrids Citrus ×sinensis - Sweet Orange Citrus ×aurantium - Bitter Orange Citrus ×paradisi - Grapefruit Citrus ×limon - Lemon Citrus ×limonia - Rangpur lime Citrus ×latifolia - Persian lime See also main text for other hybrids Citrus... Binomial name (L.) Osbeck Orange—specifically, sweet orange—refers to the citrus tree Citrus sinensis (syn. ... Human blood smear: a - erythrocytes; b - neutrophil; c - eosinophil; d - lymphocyte. ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ... Plants with abnormally high anthocyanin quantities are popular as ornamental plants - here, a selected purple-leaf cultivar of European Beech Anthocyanins (from Greek: (anthos) = flower + (kyanos) = blue) are water-soluble vacuolar flavonoid pigments that appear red to blue, according to pH. They are synthesized exclusively by organisms of the plant...

Contents

Cultivars

A glass of Sanguinello blood orange juice.
A glass of Sanguinello blood orange juice.

There are three types of blood oranges: the Tarocco (native to Italy), the Sanguinello (native to Spain), and the Moro, the newest variety of the three. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1435x1435, 285 KB) A glass of Sanguinello blood orange juice. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1435x1435, 285 KB) A glass of Sanguinello blood orange juice. ... Orange juice is sometimes artificially colored to match the color of orange rinds. ...


Moro

The Moro, a recent addition to the blood orange family, is the most colorful of the three types, with a deep purple flesh and reddish orange rind. This fruit has a distinct, sweet flavor with a hint of raspberry particular to blood oranges. The Moro variety is believed to have originated at the beginning of the 19th century in the citrus-growing area around Lentini (in the Province of Siracusa in Sicily) as a bud mutation of the "Sanguigno". Moro are "full-blood" oranges, meaning that the flesh ranges from orange-veined with ruby coloration, to vermilion, to vivid crimson, and nearly to black. The thick orange-colored peel has a medium fine grain with spots or red wine veins. In botany, a rind is the thick outer skin of various structures such as fruit. ... This article is about flavor as a sensory impression. ... Cultivated raspberries The raspberry (plural, raspberries) is the edible fruit of a number of species of the genus Rubus. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ...


Tarocco

The Tarocco is a medium-sized fruit and is perhaps the sweetest and most flavorful of the three types. The most popular table orange in Italy, the Tarocco is thought to have derived from a mutation of the "Sanguinello". It is referred to as "half-blood", because the flesh is not accentuated in red pigmentation as much as with the Moro and Sanguinello varieties. It has thin orange skin, slightly blushed in red tones. The Tarocco is one of the world's most popular oranges because of its sweetness (Brix to acid ratio is generally above 12.0) and juiciness. It has the highest Vitamin C content of any orange variety grown in the world, mainly on account of the fertile soil surrounding Mount Etna, and it is easy to peel. The Tarocco orange is seedless, and it contains anthocyanins, as do other blood oranges. The name Tarocco is thought to be derived from an exclamation of wonder expressed by the farmer who was shown this fruit by its discoverer. It has been suggested that Öchsle scale and Baumé scale be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see Vitamin C (disambiguation). ... Anthocyanin is a pigment that reflects the red to blue range of the visible spectrum. ...


Sanguinello

The Sanguinello (Sahn-gwee-NAY-o), discovered in Spain in 1929, has a reddish skin, few seeds, and a sweet and tender flesh. Sanguinello, the Sicilian late "full-blood" orange, is close in characteristics to the Moro. It matures in February, but can remain on trees unharvested until April. Fruit can last until the end of May. The peel is compact, and clear yellow with a red tinge. The flesh is orange with multiple blood-colored streaks. Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A ripe red jalapeño cut open to show the seeds For other uses, see Seed (disambiguation). ...


History and background

Citrus fruits have been cultivated in Sicily since ancient times, and cultivation is documented since the time of Moorish rule. While Arabs are credited with originally planting lemons and bitter oranges in Sicily, the Genovese and Portuguese crusaders introduced the sweet variety, Portogallo, in the 15th century. Languages Arabic other minority languages Religions Predominantly Sunni Islam, as well as Shia Islam, Greek Orthodoxy, Greek Catholicism, Roman Catholicism, Alawite Islam, Druzism, Ibadi Islam, and Judaism Footnotes a Mainly in Antakya. ... Binomial name (L.) Burm. ... The Crusaders (formerly the Canterbury Crusaders) are a New Zealand Rugby Union team based in Christchurch, New Zealand that competes in the Super 14 (formerly the Super 12). ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ...


As the fruit's health-benefiting properties became known, Sicily began shipping oranges around the world. Today, Sicilian citrus is found in virtually every country that permits imports, including the United States. Blood oranges cultivated in the United States are in season from December to March (Texas), and from November to May (California).


Nutritional information

Sicilian Red oranges contain nutritional and preventive properties. As a result, growers incorporated blood oranges into their home remedies for centuries. Current research indicates that blood oranges are a good source of Vitamin C. The fruit's red pigment, anthocyanin, is an antioxidant that reduces the risks associated with many ailments, including age-related illnesses. A home remedy is a treatment or cure for a disease or other ailment that employs certain foods or other common household items. ... For other uses, see Vitamin C (disambiguation). ... Space-filling model of the antioxidant metabolite glutathione. ...


Blood oranges contain about 130 percent of the recommended amounts of Vitamin C, and diminish the risk of heart disease, some types of cancer and "bad" cholesterol build-up. They may also reduce the risk of cataracts, and aid in the body's healing process. Heart disease is an umbrella term for a number of different diseases which affect the heart and is the leading cause of death in the United States as of 2007. ... Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ... Cholesterol is a sterol (a combination steroid and alcohol), a lipid found in the cell membranes of all body tissues, and is transported in the blood plasma of all animals. ... Cataract is also used to mean a waterfall or where the flow of a river changes dramatically. ...


One medium-size orange contains 260 milligrams of potassium, 15 percent of the FDA's daily recommendation. Potassium also lowers blood pressure, decreasing the risk of heart attacks and strokes, helps to regulate heart rhythm, and affects body growth and maintenance.[citation needed] General Name, Symbol, Number potassium, K, 19 Chemical series alkali metals Group, Period, Block 1, 4, s Appearance silvery white Standard atomic weight 39. ... A sphygmomanometer, a device used for measuring blood pressure. ... A myocardial infarction occurs when an atherosclerotic plaque slowly builds up in the inner lining of a coronary artery and then suddenly ruptures, totally occluding the artery and preventing blood flow downstream. ... The Strokes are an American rock and roll band who formed in New York City and gained fame for their live shows. ...


Eating a medium-sized orange provides 28 percent of the recommended daily amount of dietary fiber. Oranges provide more fiber than any of the top 20 fruits or vegetables consumed today[citation needed]. Dietary fibers are the indigestible portion of plant foods that move food through the digestive system, absorbing water, making defecation easier. ... Vegetables on a market Vegetable is a nutritional and culinary term denoting any part of a plant that is commonly consumed by humans as food, but is not regarded as a culinary fruit, nut, herb, spice, or grain. ...


Oranges are also a source of iron, calcium and vitamin A. General Name, symbol, number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Standard atomic weight 55. ... General Name, Symbol, Number calcium, Ca, 20 Chemical series alkaline earth metals Group, Period, Block 2, 4, s Appearance silvery white Standard atomic weight 40. ... Vitamin A is an essential human nutrient. ...


Uses

Blood oranges yield a tasty juice, which the "Gourmet Sleuth" recommends as a cocktail ingredient. The oranges can also be used to create marmalade. They have also been used to create gelato. [1] Marmalade spread on a slice of bread Marmalade is a sweet preserve with a bitter tang made from citrus fruit (most popularly oranges), sugar, water, and (in some commercial brands) a gelling agent. ... Italian Gelato, with two tower shaped biscuits. ...


References

  • Antonio Saltini, I cento volti di Trinacria. Viaggio fotografico nella Sicilia agricola, Ismea - Spazio rurale, Rome 2004

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 261 days remaining. ...

External links

  • Dave's Garden: Detailed information on Blood Orange 'Moro'
  • Gourmet Sleuth

  Results from FactBites:
 
J & J Distributing > Fresh Facts > Oranges - Blood (607 words)
Oranges were brought in the form of seeds to the new world - sweet oranges - and by the early 1800's groves began to flourish in Florida, which is the number one producer of citrus with 90% of the crops going into juice.
Blood oranges are in the sweet orange family, as are hamlins, jaffas, navels and valencias.
Blood oranges are indigenous to Italy, and when cut reveal a beautiful violet flesh - this fruit thrives from hot summer days - the red pigments that give give blood oranges their unique flavor and color, on the other hand, develop with cold winter nights and mild days.
Tom Saaristo Blood Oranges (1207 words)
Blood oranges are available through the middle to the end of March.
Blood oranges are coming into their own, and many supermarkets are offering up space for them.
Blood Orange, Olive and Fennel Salad with Cranberry Vinaigrette
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