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Encyclopedia > Blogs
It has been suggested that Online diary be merged into this article or section. (Discuss)
A screenshot of a typical blog.
A screenshot of a typical blog.
Internet Portal

A weblog, which is usually shortened to blog, is a type website where entries are made (such as in a journal or diary), displayed in a reverse chronological order. Blogs often offer commentary or news on a particular subject, such as food, politics, or local news; some function as more personal online diaries. A typical blog combines text, images, and links to other blogs, web pages, and other media related to its topic. Most blogs are primarily textual although many focus on photographs, videos or audio. The word blog can also be used as a verb, meaning adding an entry to a blog. Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Online diaries started in 1995 and were the precursor to the modern blog (online diaries are sometimes referred to as personal blogs). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (723x639, 76 KB)This is a screenshot of a typical blog. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (723x639, 76 KB)This is a screenshot of a typical blog. ... A screenshot of this page being displayed in the Mozilla web browser. ... Image File history File links Portal. ... A journal (through French from late Latin diurnalis, daily) has several related meanings: a daily record of events or business; a private journal is usually referred to as a diary. ... An appointment diary A diary or journal is a book for writing discrete entries arranged by date. ... An order is a way of sorting entries, also called elements, in a list. ... Online diaries started in 1995 and were the precursor to the modern blog (online diaries are sometimes referred to as personal blogs). ... A photoblog is a form of a blog, differentiated by the predominant use of and focus on the authors photographs rather than text. ... A vlog is a video which uses a blog as its method of distribution. ... Podcasting is the method of distributing multimedia files, such as audio programs or music videos, over the Internet using either the RSS or Atom syndication formats, for playback on mobile devices and personal computers. ...

Contents


History

Electronic communities existed before internetworking. For example the AP wire was, in effect, similar to a large chat room with "wire fights" and electronic conversations. Another pre-digital electronic community, amateur (or "ham") radio, allowed individuals who set up their own transmitters to communicate with others directly. Internetworking involves connecting two or more distinct computer networks together into an internetwork (often shortened to internet), using devices called routers to connect them together, to allow traffic to flow back and forth between them. ... Associated Press logo The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... A chat room is an online site in which people can chat online (talk by broadcasting messages to people on the same site in real time). ... Amateur radio, often called ham radio, is a hobby enjoyed by about 3 million people[1] throughout the world. ...


Before blogging became popular, digital communities took many forms, including Usenet, e-mail lists and bulletin board systems (BBS). In the 1990s, Internet forum software, such as WebEx, created running conversations with "threads." Threads are topical connections between messages on a metaphorical "corkboard." Usenet is a distributed Internet discussion system that evolved from a general purpose UUCP network of the same name. ... Electronic mailing lists are a special usage of e-mail that allows for widespread distribution of information to many Internet users. ... A bulletin board system or BBS is a computer system running software that allows users to dial into the system over a phone line and, using a terminal program, perform functions such as downloading software and data, uploading data, playing games, reading news, and exchanging messages with other users. ... See also 1990s, the band The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive, sometimes informally including popular culture from 2000 and 2001. ... Gaia Online, the largest English language forum-based community as of April 2005 — powered by a modified version of phpBB. An Internet forum is a facility on the World Wide Web for holding discussions, or the web application software used to provide the facility. ... WebEx Communications Inc. ...


1994–2001

Brad Fitzpatrick, an early blogger
Brad Fitzpatrick, an early blogger

The modern blog evolved from the online diary where people would keep a running account of their personal lives. Most such writers called themselves diarists, journalists, journallers, or journalers. A few called themselves escribitionists. The Open Pages webring included members of the online-journal community. Justin Hall, who began eleven years of personal blogging in 1994 while a student at Swarthmore College, is generally recognized as one of the earliest bloggers[1]. Image File history File links Brad_Fitzpatrick. ... Image File history File links Brad_Fitzpatrick. ... Brad Fitzpatrick, creator of LiveJournal. ... Online diaries started in 1995 and were the precursor to the modern blog (online diaries are sometimes referred to as personal blogs). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... An escribitionist is a person who keeps a diary or journal via electronic means, and in particular, publishes their entries on the web. ... A webring is a collection of websites from around the Internet joined together in a basic ring fashion. ... Justin Hall Justin Hall (born December 16, 1974 in Chicago, Illinois), is an American freelance journalist who is best known as a pioneer blogger (internet-based diarist); and for writing reviews from game conferences such as E-3 and the Tokyo Game Show. ... Swarthmore College is a private liberal arts college in the United States, with an enrollment of about 1450 students. ...


Other forms of journals kept online also existed. A notable example was game programmer John Carmack's widely read journal, published via the finger protocol. Websites, including both corporate sites and personal homepages, had and still often have "What's New" or "News" sections, often on the index page and sorted by date. One noteworthy early precursor to a blog was the tongue-in-cheek personal website that was frequently updated by Usenet legend Kibo. John Carmack circa 2004 John D. Carmack II (born August 20, 1970) is a widely recognized figure in the video game industry. ... In computer networking, the Name/Finger protocol and the Finger user information protocol are simple network protocols for the exchange of human-oriented status and user information. ... A vanity site is a website that is run by an individual or small group (such as a family) purely for their own amusement. ... In computer terms, a home page is the site an internet browser first visits when opened. ... Sarcasm is the making of remarks intended to mock the person referred to (who is normally the person addressed), a situation or thing. ... Usenet is a distributed Internet discussion system that evolved from a general purpose UUCP network of the same name. ... Kibo (which he pronounces to rhyme with eye-so) is the nickname, username and e-mail address of James Parry (b. ...


Early weblogs were simply manually updated components of common websites. However, the evolution of tools to facilitate the production and maintenance of web articles posted in said chronological fashion made the publishing process feasible to a much larger, less technical, population. Ultimately, this resulted in the distinct class of online publishing that produces blogs we recognize today. For instance, the use of some sort of browser-based software is now a typical aspect of "blogging". Blogs can be hosted by dedicated blog hosting services, or they can be run using blog software, such as Blogger or LiveJournal, or on regular web hosting services, such as DreamHost. This page as shown in the AOL 9. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... A blog hosting service is a service that hosts blogs. ... Blog software, also called blog publishing system is software for publishing blogs. ... Blogger can refer to at least two things: Blogger, one who maintains a blog Blogger. ... LiveJournal (often abbreviated LJ) is a virtual community where Internet users can keep a blog, journal, or diary. ... A web hosting service is a type of Internet hosting service that provides individuals, organizations and users with online systems for storing information, images, video, or any content accessible via the Web. ... DreamHost is a Los Angeles-based web hosting provider and domain name registrar. ...


The term "weblog" was coined by Jorn Barger on 17 December 1997. This was later shortened to "blog" and was accepted as both a noun and verb ("to blog," meaning "to edit one's weblog or to post to one's weblog"). Jorn Barger in 2005 Jorn Barger (born 1953 in Yellow Springs, Ohio) is an American blogger, best known today as editor of Robot Wisdom, an influential early weblog. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


After a slow start, blogging rapidly gained in popularity: the site Xanga, launched in 1996, had only 100 diaries by 1997, but over 50,000,000 as of December 2005. Blog usage spread during 1999 and the years following, being further popularized by the near-simultaneous arrival of the first hosted blog tools: To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

  • Open Diary launched in October 1998, soon growing to thousands of online diaries. Open Diary innovated the reader comment, becoming the first blog community where readers could add comments to other writers' blog entries.
  • Brad Fitzpatrick started LiveJournal in March 1999.
  • Andrew Smales created Pitas.com in July 1999 as an easier alternative to maintaining a "news page" on a website, followed by Diaryland in September 1999, focusing more on a personal diary community.[2]
  • Evan Williams and Meg Hourihan (Pyra Labs) launched Blogger.com in August 1999 (purchased by Google in February 2003)

Blogging combined the personal web page with tools to make linking to other pages easier — specifically permalinks, blogrolls and TrackBacks. This, together with weblog search engines enabled bloggers to track the threads that connected them to others with similar interests. The Open Diary is an online website where you can begin an online diary, which you can choose to be a private diary for yourself, or one which others can read. ... Brad Fitzpatrick, creator of LiveJournal. ... LiveJournal (often abbreviated LJ) is a virtual community where Internet users can keep a blog, journal, or diary. ... Evan Williams is a co-founder of Pyra Labs, creator of Blogger, which was acquired by Google. ... Meg Hourihan co-founded Pyra Labs, the company behind Blogger before its acquisition by Google. ... Pyra Labs is the company who coined the word Blogger, and made the service a big success. ... Blogger is a weblog publishing system owned by Google since 2003. ... Google Inc. ... 2003 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December A timeline of events in the news for February, 2003. ... A permalink (a portmanteau made by contracting the phrase permanent link) is a type of URL designed to refer to a specific information item (often a news story or blog item) and to remain unchanged permanently, or at least for a lengthy period of time to prevent link rot. ... A blogroll is a collection of links to other weblogs. ... TrackBack is a mechanism for communication between blogs: if a blogger writes a new entry commenting on, or referring to, an entry found at another blog, and both blogging tools support the TrackBack protocol, then the commenting blogger can notify the other blog with a TrackBack ping; the receiving blog... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


2001–2004

The first broadly popular American blogs emerged in 2001: Andrew Sullivan's AndrewSullivan.com, Ron Gunzburger's Politics1.com, Taegan Goddard's Political Wire and Jerome Armstrong's MyDD — all blogging primarily on politics. Andrew Sullivan Andrew Sullivan, Ph. ... Ronald M. Ron Gunzburger (b. ... Politics1. ... Political Wire was one of the first political blogs. ... Jerome Armstrong (born 1964, in Los Angeles, CA) is best known as one of the first political bloggers, having founded the blog MyDD in early 2001, a blog which covers politics with an openly Democratic partisan perspective. ... MyDD Icon MyDD is a popular political blog specializing in American politics started by Jerome Armstrong in 2001. ... Political blogs are among the most common forms of blogs. ...


By 2001, blogging was enough of a phenomenon that how-to manuals began to appear, primarily focusing on technique. The importance of the blogging community (and its relationship to larger society) gained rapidly increasing importance. Established schools of journalism began researching blogging and noting the differences between journalism and blogging. Journalism is a discipline of collecting, analyzing, verifying, and presenting information regarding current events, trends, issues and people. ...


In 2002, Jerome Armstrong's friend and sometime partner Markos Moulitsas Zúniga began DailyKos. With up to a million visits a day during peak events, it has now become one of the Internet's most trafficked blogs. Markos Kos Moulitsas Zúniga. ... Daily Kos (IPA: in an American accent) is an American political weblog aimed at Democrats and liberals/progressives. ...


Also in 2002, many blogs focused on comments by U.S. Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott. Senator Lott, at a party honoring U.S. Senator Strom Thurmond, praised Senator Thurmond by suggesting that the United States would have been better off had Thurmond been elected president. Lott's critics saw these comments as a tacit approval of racial segregation, a policy advocated by Thurmond's 1948 presidential campaign. This view was reinforced by documents and recorded interviews dug up by bloggers. (See Josh Marshall's Talking Points Memo.) Though Lott's comments were made at a public event attended by the media, no major media organizations reported on his controversial comments until after blogs broke the story. Blogging helped to create a political crisis that forced Lott to step down as majority leader. The Senate Majority Leader is a member of the United States Senate who is elected by the party conference which holds the majority in the Senate to serve as the chief Senate spokesman for his or her party and to manage and schedule the legislative and executive business of the... Chester Trent Lott (born October 9, 1941 in Grenada, Mississippi) is a United States Senator from Mississippi and a member of the Republican Party. ... Seal of the Senate The Senate of the United States of America is one of the two chambers of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... James Strom Thurmond (December 5, 1902 – June 26, 2003) represented South Carolina in the United States Senate from 1954 to April 1956 and November 1956 to 1964 as a Democrat and from 1964 to 2003 as a Republican. ... The Rex Theatre for Colored People, Leland, Mississippi, June 1937 This entry is related to, but not included in the Political ideologies series or one of its sub-series. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... A screenshot of TPMs old format Joshua Micah Marshall (born February 15, 1969 in St. ... Categories: Stub | 1969 births | Bloggers ...


The impact of this story gave greater credibility to blogs as a medium of news dissemination. Though often seen as partisan gossips, bloggers sometimes lead the way in bringing key information to public light, with mainstream media having to follow their lead. More often, however, news blogs tend to react to material already published by the mainstream media.


Since 2003, blogs have gained increasing notice and coverage for their role in breaking, shaping, and spinning news stories. The Iraq war saw both left-wing and right-wing bloggers taking measured and passionate points of view that did not reflect the traditional left-right divide. 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... News is new information or current events. ... Combatants Coalition Forces (United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Poland) Iraq Commanders Tommy Franks Saddam Hussein Strength 263,000 375,000 The 2003 invasion of Iraq, termed Operation Iraqi Freedom by the US administration, began on March 20. ... The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... In politics, right-wing, the political right, or simply The Right, are terms that refer to the segment of the political spectrum often associated with any of several strains of conservatism, the religious right, and areas of classical liberalism, or simply the opposite of left-wing politics. ...


Blogging by established politicians and political candidates, to express opinions on war and other issues, cemented blogs' role as a news source. (See Howard Dean and Wesley Clark.) Meanwhile, an increasing number of experts blogged, making blogs a source of in-depth analysis. (See Daniel Drezner and J. Bradford DeLong.) Howard Brush Dean III (born November 17, 1948) is an American politician and physician from the U.S. state of Vermont. ... Wesley K. Clark Wesley Kanne Clark (born December 23, 1944) is a retired four-star general in the U.S. Army. ... J. Bradford DeLong (born June 24, 1960), a professor of economics at the University of California, Berkeley, writes a popular blog, Brad DeLongs Semi-Daily Journal which covers political, technical, and economic issues as well as criticism of their coverage in the media. ...


The second Iraq war was the first "blog war" in another way: Iraqi bloggers gained wide readership, and one, Salam Pax, published a book of his blog. Blogs were also created by soldiers serving in the Iraq war. Such "milblogs" gave readers new perspectives on the realities of war, as well as often offering different viewpoints from those of official news sources. Salam Pax (aka Salam Al-Janabi) (Salam is Arabic and Pax is Latin for peace) is a pseudonymous blogger from Iraq whose site Where is Raed? (see external links) received notable media attention during (and after) the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ... A warblog or milblog is a weblog devoted mostly or wholly to covering news events concerning an ongoing war. ...


Blogging was used to draw attention to obscure news sources. For example, bloggers posted links to traffic cameras in Madrid as a huge anti-terrorism demonstration filled the streets in the wake of the March 11 attacks. The 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks (also known as 11/3, 3/11, M-11 and 11-M) were a series of coordinated terrorist bombings against the commuter train system of Madrid, Spain on the morning of 11 March 2004, which killed 191 people and wounded more than 1,800. ...


Bloggers began to provide nearly-instant commentary on televised events, creating a secondary meaning of the word "blogging": to simultaneously transcribe and editorialize speeches and events shown on television. (For example, "I am blogging Rice's testimony" means "I am posting my reactions to Condoleezza Rice's testimony into my blog as I watch her on television.") Real-time commentary is sometimes referred to as "liveblogging." An editorial is a statement or article by a news organization (generally a newspaper) that expresses an opinion rather than attempting to simply report news, as the latter should ideally be done without bias. ... Condoleezza Rice (born November 14, 1954) is the 66th and current United States Secretary of State, and the second in the administration of President George W. Bush. ...


2004–present

A WordPress test blog running Kubrick.
A WordPress test blog running Kubrick.

In 2004, the role of blogs became increasingly mainstream, as political consultants, news services and candidates began using them as tools for outreach and opinion forming. Even politicians not actively campaigning, such as the UK's Labour Party's MP Tom Watson, who began to blog to bond with constituents. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (774x738, 31 KB) Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (774x738, 31 KB) Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... WordPress is a blog publishing system written in PHP and backed by a MySQL database. ... Stanley Kubrick in the late 1990s Stanley Kubrick (July 26, 1928 - March 7, 1999) was a Jewish-American film director born in The Bronx, New York City who lived most of his life in England. ... Political consulting is the business which has grown up around advising and assisting political campaigns, primarily in the United States. ... The Labour Party has, since the early twentieth century, been the principal left wing political party in the United Kingdom (see British politics). ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to a parliament; in the Westminster system, specifically to the lower house. ... Thomas Anthony Watson (born 8 January 1967) is a politician in the United Kingdom. ...


Minnesota Public Radio broadcast a program by Christopher Lydon and Matt Stoller called "The Blogging of the President," which covered a transformation in politics that blogging seemed to presage. The Columbia Journalism Review began regular coverage of blogs and blogging. Anthologies of blog pieces reached print, and blogging personalities began appearing on radio and television. In the summer of 2004, both US Democratic and Republican parties' conventions credentialed bloggers, and blogs became a standard part of the publicity arsenal. Mainstream television programs, such as Chris Matthews' Hardball, formed their own blogs. Merriam-Webster's Dictionary declared "blog" as the word of the year in 2004.[3] Minnesota Public Radio logo Minnesota Public Radio (MPR) is a regional public radio network based in the U.S. state of Minnesota that has been broadcasting since 1967. ... Christopher Lydon born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1940 is an American media personality and author whose work in radio includes creating The Connection for WBUR. He is a former journalist with the New York Times, former WGBH Boston evening news anchor and was a candidate for mayor of Boston in... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The Columbia Journalism Review (CJR) is an American magazine for professional journalists published bimonthly by the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism since 1961. ... Featured at the Democratic National Convention are speeches by prominent party figures. ... The Republican National Convention, the presidential nominating convention of the United States Republican Party, is held every four years to determine the partys candidate for the coming Presidential election and the partys platform. ... Christopher John Matthews (born December 17, 1945) hosts a nightly, hour-long talk show called Hardball with Chris Matthews on the American cable television channel MSNBC, formerly on CNBC, and a syndicated panel program called The Chris Matthews Show on weekends. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Merriam-Webster, originally known as the G. & C. Merriam Company of Springfield, Massachusetts, is a United States company that publishes reference books, especially dictionaries that are descendants of Noah Websters An American Dictionary of the English Language (1828). ...


Blogs were among the driving forces behind the "Rathergate" scandal. To wit: (television journalist) Dan Rather presented documents (on the CBS show 60 Minutes) that conflicted with accepted accounts of President Bush's military service record. Conservative bloggers declared the documents to be forgeries and presented arguments in support of that view, and CBS apologized for what it said were inadequate reporting techniques (see Little Green Footballs.) Many bloggers view this scandal as the advent of blogs' acceptance by the mass media, both as a source of news and opinion and as means of applying political pressure. The Killian documents (often referred to as the CBS documents during the 2004 US presidential campaign) were memos purportedly written by the late Lieutenant Colonel Jerry B. Killian. ... The ticking TAG Heuer stopwatch from 60 Minutes. ... Forgery is the process of making or adapting objects or documents (see false document), with the intention to deceive. ... Little Green Footballs (LGF) is a high-traffic political blog run by California web designer Charles Johnson. ...


Some bloggers have moved over to other media. The following bloggers (and others) have appeared on radio and television: Duncan Black (known widely by his pseudonym, Atrios), Glenn Reynolds (Instapundit) , Markos Moulitsas Zúniga (Daily Kos), and Ana Marie Cox (Wonkette). Hugh Hewitt is an example of a media personality who has moved in the other direction, adding to his reach in "old media" by being an influential blogger. Dr. Duncan B. Black, known under his internet publishing pseudonym as Atrios, is the author of the popular United States liberal weblog Eschaton, which receives an average of over 100,000 hits per day. ... Glenn Reynolds (born August 27, 1960) is Beauchamp Brogan Distinguished Professor of Law at the University of Tennessee, and is best known as the Internets Instapundit. ... Instapundit is a United States political weblog produced by Glenn Reynolds, a law professor at the University of Tennessee. ... Markos Kos Moulitsas Zúniga. ... Daily Kos (IPA: in an American accent) is an American political weblog aimed at Democrats and liberals/progressives. ... Ana Marie Cox (b. ... Wonkette is a blog published by Gawker Media that details the goings-on of the political establishment in Washington, DC. The site focuses heavily on gossip, humor, and the downfall of the powerful, as well as more serious matters of politics or policy. ... Hugh Hewitt is a conservative American radio talk show host, author, and blogger. ...


Some blogs were an important source of news during the December 2004 Tsunami such as Medecins Sans Frontieres, which used SMS text messaging to report from affected areas in Sri Lanka and Southern India. The tsunami caused by the December 26, 2004 earthquake strikes Ao Nang, Thailand. ... Médecins Sans Frontières (abbreviated MSF; known as Doctors Without Borders in the United States, as Médicos Sin Fronteras in the Spanish language and as Médicos Sem Fronteiras in Portuguese language) is a nonprofit private organisation created in 1971 by a small group of French doctors led...


In the United Kingdom, The Guardian newspaper launched a redesign in September 2005, which included a daily digest of blogs on page 2. Also in June 2006, BBC News launched a weblog for its editors, following other news companies [4]. The Guardian is a British newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. ... June 2006 : ← - January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → June 1, 2006 (Thursday) Extraordinary renditions. ... The current BBC News logo BBC News and Current Affairs is a major arm of the BBC responsible for the corporations newsgathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ...


In January 2005, Fortune magazine listed eight bloggers that business people "could not ignore": Peter Rojas, Xeni Jardin, Ben Trott, Mena Trott, Jonathan Schwartz, Jason Goldman, Robert Scoble, and Jason Calacanis. 2005 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Deaths in January • 29 Ephraim Kishon • 25 Philip Johnson • 23 Johnny Carson • 22 Parveen Babi • 20 Jan Nowak-Jeziorański • 17 Virginia Mayo • 17 Zhao Ziyang • 15 Ruth Warrick • 14 Rudolph Moshammer Recent deaths Ongoing events • Tsunami relief... The 2004 Fortune 500 issue The magazine Fortune was founded by Time Magazine co-founder Henry Luce in 1930 at the outset of the Great Depression. ... Engadget is a popular technology weblog and podcast about consumer electronics. ... Xeni Jardin Xeni Jardin (IPA: ) (born August 5, 1972 [1]) is an American weblogger and journalist. ... Ben Trott and Mena G. Trott (born September 1977) are the married co-founders of Six Apart, creators of Movable Type and TypePad. ... Ben Trott and Mena G. Trott (born September 1977) are the married co-founders of Six Apart, creators of Movable Type and TypePad. ... Jonathan I. Schwartz (born 1967 ? [1]) is the current President and COO of Sun Microsystems. ... Robert Scoble Robert Scoble (born January 18, 1965) is a technical evangelist for Microsoft, who writes the popular blog, Scobleizer. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...


Types of blogs

A photo of Joi Ito's moblog
A photo of Joi Ito's moblog
Main article: Types of blogs

There are various types of blogs, and each differs in the way content is delivered or written. Image File history File links Moblog. ... Image File history File links Moblog. ... The technology of the weblog allows for a very wide range of possible uses. ...


A blog can be defined by its incorporation of media: a blog comprising of videos is called a vlog[citation needed], one comprising of links is called a linklog[5], or one comprised of photos is called a photoblog[6]. A vlog is a video which uses a blog as its method of distribution. ... A linklog (or linkblog) is a collection of URLs (hyperlinks) that the maintainer considers interesting enough to collect. ... A photoblog is a form of a blog, differentiated by the predominant use of and focus on the authors photographs rather than text. ...


Blogs can also be defined by which type of device is used to compose it. A blog written by a mobile device like a mobile phone or PDA is called a moblog.[7] Handheld devices (also known as handhelds) are pocket-sized computing devices that are rapidly gaining popularity as the access to information in every walk of life becomes more and more mission critical. ... PDA may stand for: Personal digital assistant, a digital device which can include the functionality of a computer, a cellphone, a music player and a camera Pitch detection algorithm, a mathematical method of finding the pitch of a signal Public display of affection, an area of study within social psychology... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into blog. ...


A blog can also be defined by its genre. For example, if a blog is mainly about politics, it can be called a political blog. A blog about travel could be called a travel blog. A genre is a division of a particular form of art or utterance according to criteria particular to that form. ... Politics is a process by which decisions are made within groups. ... Political blogs are among the most common forms of blogs. ... A travel journal, or road journal, is an initialliy blank book carried by a traveler for the purpose of documenting a journey. ...


A blog can also be defined by the legal entity of its publishers. A blog can be private, as in most cases, or it can be for business purposes. Blogs, either used internally to enhance the communication and culture in a corporation or externally for marketing, branding or PR purposes are called corporate blogs. Blogs of non-profit organizations, governmental blogs or blogs of quasi-governmental entities are all called corporate blogs.[citation needed] A legal entity is a legal construct through which the law allows a group of natural persons to act as if it were an individual for certain purposes. ... Look up private in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Wall Street, Manhattan is the location of the New York Stock Exchange and is often used as a symbol for the world of business. ... Communication is the process of sending information to oneself or another entity, usually via a language. ... The word culture, from the Latin colo, -ere, with its root meaning to cultivate, generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance. ... A corporation is a legal person which, while being composed of natural persons, exists completely separately from them. ... It has been suggested that Product marketing be merged into this article or section. ... Branding may refer to either: the imprinting of brand marks on live skin, see Livestock branding, Branding persons and Branding (law). ... PR may stand for: Pacific Southwest Airlines IATA code defunct PageRank Peer review Performance rating Permanent residency per rectum, an abbreviation for a rectal examination Perry Rhodan Pershing Rifles personal record, in running, specifically competitive running, such as cross country running or track and field. ... A corporate blog is a weblog published and used by the organization to reach the organizational goals. ... A non-profit organization (often called non-profit org or simply non-profit or not-for-profit) can be seen as an organization that doesnt have a goal to make a profit. ... A government is a body that has the authority to make and the power to enforce laws within a civil, corporate, religious, academic, or other organization or group. ... A corporate blog is a weblog published and used by the organization to reach the organizational goals. ...


Anatomy of a blog entry

A blog entry typically consists of the following:

  • Title, the main title, or headline, of the post.
  • Body, main content of the post.
  • Permalink, the URL of the full, individual article.
  • Post Date, date and time the post was published.

A blog entry optionally includes the following: A Uniform Resource Locator, URL (spelled out as an acronym, not pronounced as earl), or Web address, is a standardized address name layout for resources (such as documents or images) on the Internet (or elsewhere). ...

  • Comments
  • Categories (or tags) - subjects that the entry discusses
  • Trackback and or pingback - links to other sites that refer to the entry

TAG may stand for: Tag, German for day Techniques dAvant Garde, an investment company that sponsored WilliamsF1 in the early 1980s and funded the construction of turbocharged Porsche engines to Team McLaren in the mid 1980s. ... TrackBack is a mechanism for communication between blogs: if a blogger writes a new entry commenting on, or referring to, an entry found at another blog, and both blogging tools support the TrackBack protocol, then the commenting blogger can notify the other blog with a TrackBack ping; the receiving blog... Pingback is a method for Web authors to request notification when somebody links to one of their documents. ...

Comments

Main article: Feedback comment system

Comments are a way to provide discussion on blog entries. Readers can leave a comment on a post, which can correct errors or contain their opinion on the post or the post's subject. Services like CoComment aim to ease discussion through comments, by allowing tracking of them. A comment system allows users to post their own comments on an article or thread. ... Look up Comment on Wiktionary, the free dictionary In computer programming, comments are parts of the source code which, together with its layout, are used to explain the code. ... coComment is website that allows a user to track comments across blogs, storing the users comments and follow-up comments on a central server. ...


Blog popularity

Recently, scientists have analyzed the dynamics of how blogs become popular. There are essentially two measures of this: popularity through citations, as well as popularity through affiliation (i.e. blogroll). The basic conclusion from studies of the structure of blogs is that while it takes a fair amount of time in order for a blog to become popular through blogrolls, permalinks can accumulate more quickly, and are perhaps more indicative of popularity and authority than blogrolls, since they denote that people are actually reading the blog's content and deem it valuable or noteworthy in specific cases.[8]


The Blogdex project was launched by researchers in the MIT Media Lab to crawl the web and gather data from thousands of blogs in order to investigate their social properties. It has now been gathering this information for over 4 years, and currently autonomously tracks the most contagious information spreading in the blog community. Blogdex. ... The Wiesner Buildings Atrium The MIT Media Lab in the School of Architecture and Planning at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology engages in education and research in the digital technology used for expression and communication. ...


Blogs are also given rankings by Technorati based on the amount of incoming links. Technorati is an Internet search engine for searching blogs, competing with Google, Yahoo, PubSub and IceRocket. ...


Searching Blogs

Various blog search engines are available for searching blog content (also known at the blogosphere), such as Blogdigger, Feedster, and Technorati. Google Trends allows the tracking and comparison of the popularity of search terms over time. Technorati provides current information on both popular searches and tags used to categorise blog postings. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Blogosphere is the collective term encompassing all weblogs or blogs as a community or social network. ... Blogdigger is a blog and media search engine founded in March 2003 by Greg Gershman. ... Feedster was founded in March 2003 by Scott Johnson. ... Technorati is an Internet search engine for searching blogs, competing with Google, Yahoo, PubSub and IceRocket. ... Google Trends is a tool from Google Labs that shows the most popularly searched terms in the recent past. ... Technorati is an Internet search engine for searching blogs, competing with Google, Yahoo, PubSub and IceRocket. ... TAG may stand for: Tag, German for day Techniques dAvant Garde, an investment company that sponsored WilliamsF1 in the early 1980s and funded the construction of turbocharged Porsche engines to Team McLaren in the mid 1980s. ...


Blogging and the mass media

Many bloggers differentiate themselves from the mainstream media, while others are members of that media working through a different channel. Some institutions see blogging as a means of "getting around the filter" and pushing messages directly to the public. Some critics worry that bloggers respect neither copyright nor the role of the mass media in presenting society with credible news. Mass media is a term used to denote, as a class, that section of the media specifically conceived and designed to reach a very large audience (typically at least as large as the whole population of a nation state). ... Mass media is the term used to denote, as a class, that section of the media specifically conceived and designed to reach a very large audience (typically at least as large as the whole population of a nation state). ... Message in its most general meaning is the object of communication. ... Copyright symbol. ... Mass media is a term used to denote, as a class, that section of the media specifically conceived and designed to reach a very large audience (typically at least as large as the whole population of a nation state). ...


Bloggers' credibility problem, however, can be an advantage for the bloggers and for the mainstream journalists who take an interest in them. News organizations are sometimes reluctant to tell stories that will upset important people. But when bloggers or activists make sensational claims, then they become stories themselves, and journalists can use them as cover for reporting the underlying scandals.


Many mainstream journalists, meanwhile, write their own blogs -- well over 300, according to CyberJournalist.net's J-Blog list. The first known use of a Weblog on a news site was in August 1998, when Jonathan Dube of The Charlotte Observer published one chronicling Hurricane Bonnie.[9] Jonathan Dube is an award-winning print and online journalist and a pioneer in the online journalism world. ... The Charlotte Observer, serving Charlotte, North Carolina, is the oldest daily newspaper in the United States (other newspapers, such as The New York Times began circulation before The Observer but were not daily). ...


Blogs have also had an influence on minority languages, bringing together scattered speakers and learners; this is particularly so with Gaelic blogs, whose creators can be found as far away from traditional Gaelic areas as Kazakhstan and Alaska. Blogs are also used regularly by Welsh language activists. Minority language publishing (which may lack economic feasibility) can find its audience through inexpensive blogging. A minority language is a language spoken by a minority of the population of a country. ... The Goidelic languages (also sometimes called the Gaelic languages or collectively Gaelic) are one of two major divisions of modern-day Insular Celtic languages (the other being the Brythonic languages). ... Official language(s) English Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Area  Ranked 1st  - Total 663,267 sq mi (1,717,854 km²)  - Width 808 miles (1,300 km)  - Length 1,479 miles (2,380 km)  - % water 13. ...


How blogs are made

A variety of different systems are used to create and maintain blogs. Dedicated web applications can eliminate the need for bloggers to manage this software. With web interfaces, these systems allow travelers to blog from anywhere on the Internet, and allow users to create blogs without having to maintain their own server. Such systems allow users to work with tools such as Ecto, Elicit and w.bloggar which allow users to maintain their Web-hosted blog without the need to be online while composing or editing posts. Blog creation tools and blog hosting are also provided by some Web hosting companies (Tripod), Internet service providers (America Online), online publications (Salon.com) and internet portals (Yahoo! 360º or Google). Some advanced users have developed custom blogging systems from scratch using server-side software, and often implement membership management and password protected areas. Others have created a mix of a blog and wiki, called a bliki. In software engineering, a web application is an application delivered to users from a web server over a network such as the World Wide Web or an intranet. ... A request has been made on Wikipedia for this article to be deleted in accordance with the deletion policy. ... Tripod can refer to: A tripod supporting a television camera. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Screenshot of Salon. ... Yahoo! 360º is a personal communication portal similar to Googles Orkut, Friendster and the incredibly popular MySpace. ... Google Inc. ... Server-side scripting is a web server technology in which a users request is fulfilled by running a script directly on the web server to generate dynamic HTML pages. ... A Bliki (also known as a WikiLog, Wog, WikiWeblog, Wikiblog, or Bloki), is a blog with wiki support. ...


Legal issues

The emergence of blogging has brought a range of legal liabilities. Employers have fired employees who maintain personal blogs, which discuss their employers.[10] The major areas of concern are the issues of proprietary or confidential information, and defamation. Several cases have been brought before the national courts against bloggers and the courts have returned with mixed verdicts. In John Doe v. Patrick Cahill, the Delaware Supreme Court held that stringent standards had to be met to unmask anonymous bloggers, and also took the unusual step of dismissing the libel case itself (as unfounded under defendant-friendly American libel law) rather than referring it back to the trial court for reconsideration.[11] The Supreme Court of Delaware is the sole appellate court in the United States state of Delaware. ... A trial court or court of first instance is the court in which most civil or criminal cases begin. ...


In Singapore, on the other hand, two ethnic Chinese were punished under the country’s anti-sedition law for posting anti-Muslim remarks in their weblogs.[12] Internet Service Providers, in general, are immune from liability for information that originates with Third Parties (U.S. Communications Decency Act and the EU Directive 2000/31/EC). Sedition is a deprecated term of law to refer to covert conduct such as speech and organization that is deemed by the legal authority as tending toward insurrection against the established order. ... Islamophobia is a neologism that according to the 2003 edition of the New Oxford Dictionary of English refers to hatred or fear of Islam or Muslims, especially as a political force. ... The Communications Decency Act (CDA) was Title V of the United States Telecommunications Act of 1996. ...


In Britain, a college lecturer contributed to a blog in which she referred to a politician (who had also expressed his views in the same blog) using various uncomplimentary names, including referring to him as a "Nazi". The politician found out the real name of the lecturer (she wrote under a pseudonym) via the ISP and successfully sued her for £10,000 in damages and £7,200 costs.[13] ISO 4217 Code GBP User(s) United Kingdom Inflation rate 2. ...


Mark Cuban, owner of the Dallas Mavericks, was recently fined during the 2006 NBA playoffs for criticizing NBA officials on the court and in his blog. [14] Mark Cuban Mark Cuban (born July 31, 1958 in Mt. ... The Dallas Mavericks are a professional basketball team based in Dallas, Texas. ... NBA logo, depicting former star Jerry West Location of NBA teams, conferences and divisions The National Basketball Association (NBA) is the worlds premier mens professional basketball league and one of the major professional sports leagues of North America. ...


Ellen Simonetti, a US airline attendant, lost her job after posting photos of herself in uniform on her blog "The Queen of the Sky". In a statement quoted by the BBC, she said: "As a result of my suspension and subsequent termination without cause by Delta Airlines I am moving forward with filing a discrimination complaint with the Federal Government EEOC [US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission]." Simonetti took legal action against the airline for unfair dismissal and "wrongful termination, defamation of character and lost future wages"[15]. Ellen Simonetti, aka Queen of Sky (born December 1974) is an American blogger, writer, and fired flight attendant. ...


In India, blogger Gaurav Sabnis quit his job at IBM after his posts concerning a management school were alleged to be damaging to the school, which announced that the students would burn their IBM laptops as a sign of protest. [16] Big Blue redirects here. ...


Common terms

Blogging, like any other human practice, has developed a specialized vocabulary that has evolved into almost seemingly casual conversations between acquaintances, and has even found its way into some schools. See List of blogging terms. A vocabulary is a set of words known to a person or other entity, or that are part of a specific language. ... This is a list of blogging terms. ...


See also

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Blog software, also called blog publishing system is software for publishing blogs. ... Blogdex. ... Blogebrity was an internet project which was born in May of 2005 as a contest entry, and nevertheless managed to have an impact upon the blogosphere. ... Generally a chronicle (Latin chronica) is historical account of facts and events in chronological order. ... Commonplace books (or commonplaces) emerged in the 15th century with the availability of cheap paper for writing, mainly in England. ... Content management system - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... A corporate blog is a weblog published and used by the organization to reach the organizational goals. ... An appointment diary A diary or journal is a book for writing discrete entries arranged by date. ... Look up forum in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The results of searching for Miserable failure on Google. ... LiveJournal (often abbreviated LJ) is a virtual community where Internet users can keep a blog, journal, or diary. ... The term massively distributed collaboration was coined by Mitchell Kapor, in a presentation at UC Berkeley on November 9 2005, to describe an emerging activity of wikis and econferences and blogs and other content-creating virtual communities online. ... MySpace is a social networking website based in Santa Monica, California offering an interactive network of blogs, user profiles, groups, photos, and an internal e-mail system. ... MSN Spaces is Microsofts free Social Networking platform. ... An aggregator or news aggregator is a type of software that retrieves syndicated Web content that is supplied in the form of a web feed (RSS, Atom and other XML formats), and that are published by weblogs, podcasts, vlogs, and mainstream mass media websites. ... Podcasting is the method of distributing multimedia files, such as audio programs or music videos, over the Internet using either the RSS or Atom syndication formats, for playback on mobile devices and personal computers. ... Political blogs are among the most common forms of blogs. ... TagWorld is an Internet start-up competing directly with MySpace. ... The front page of SomethingAwful, a virtual community. ... Yahoo! 360º is a personal communication portal similar to Googles Orkut, Friendster and the incredibly popular MySpace. ...

Blogging software

See also: Blog software category

b2evolution is a multi-lingual, multi-user, multi-blog publishing system written in PHP and backed by a MySQL database. ... bBlog is a Web publishing system (a. ... Blogger is a weblog publishing system owned by Google since 2003. ... Community Server is an ASP.NET based community platform developed by Telligent Systems. ... Drupal is a content management framework, content management system and blogging engine which was originally written by Dries Buytaert as a bulletin board system. ... ExpressionEngine is a web publishing platform developed by Oregon-based pMachine, Inc. ... Geeklog is Open-Source software that works as a Weblog, CMS or Web Portal. ... Greymatter is a free, open source blogging software released by Noah Grey. ... LifeType is an open-source blogging platform with support for multiple blogs and users in a single installation. ... LiveJournal (often abbreviated LJ) is a virtual community where Internet users can keep a blog, journal, or diary. ... Movable Type is a proprietary weblog publishing system developed by California-based Six Apart. ... // Over view Nucleus CMS is an open-source content management system written in PHP, with a MySQL backend, primarily written and maintained by Wouter Demuynck. ... PostNuke is a free, open source content management system (a nuke) forked from PHP-Nuke, released under the GNU General Public License. ... Serendipity is a PHP based weblog system. ... Textpattern is a content management system originally developed by Dean Allen. ... TypePad is an online blogging service from company Six Apart Ltd, generally considered the largest paid blogging service in the world. ... Typo is a free, open source content management system written in the Ruby on Rails web application framework. ... WordPress is a blog publishing system written in PHP and backed by a MySQL database. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

References

  • Kline, David and Burstein, Dan (2005). blog!. Squibnocket Partners LLC. ISBN 978-1-59315-141-1.
  • blogs - anatomy. blogging101. Retrieved on 2006-07-02.
  1. ^ Time to get a life — pioneer blogger Justin Hall bows out at 31. SFgate: (2005-02-20). Retrieved on 2006-06-09.
  2. ^ Jensen, Mallory A Brief History of Weblogs
  3. ^ "Wikinews Blog declared Word of the Year", Wikinews, 2004-12-01. Retrieved on 2006-06-22.
  4. ^ Wilson, Dawn, "Down with blogs... so here's another", BBC News, 2006-06-26. Retrieved on 2006-06-26.
  5. ^ Perrone, Jane, "What is a weblog?", Guardian Unlimted, 2004-05-20. Retrieved on 2006-06-25.
  6. ^ What is a photoblog. Photoblogs.org Wiki. Retrieved on 2006-06-25.
  7. ^ "Blogging goes mobile", BBC News, 2003-02-23. Retrieved on 2006-06-25.
  8. ^ Marlow, C. Audience, structure and authority in the weblog community. Presented at the International Communication Association Conference, May, 2004, New Orleans, LA.
  9. ^ "Blogging Bonnie.", Poynter.org, 18 September, 2003.
  10. ^ "Queen of the Sky gets marching orders", The Register, 2004-11-03. Retrieved on 2006-06-23.
  11. ^ "John Doe No. 1 v. Patrick Cahill and Julia Cahill
  12. ^ Kierkegaard, Sylvia (2006). Blogs, Lies and the Doocing in Computer Law and Security Report Volume 22 Issue 2.
  13. ^ Gibson, Owen, "Warning to chatroom users after libel award for man labelled a Nazi", The Guardian, 2006-03-23. Retrieved on 2006-05-17.
  14. ^ "NBA fines Cuban $200K for antics on, off court", ESPN, 2006-05-11. Retrieved on 2006-06-23.
  15. ^ "Queen of the Sky gets marching orders", The Register, 2004-11-03. Retrieved on 2006-06-23.
  16. ^ "Gaurav Sabnis's blog entry after quitting IBM", Vantage point, 2005-10-10. Retrieved on 2006-06-23.

2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 2 is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 182 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 22 is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 192 days remaining. ... The current BBC News logo BBC News and Current Affairs is a major arm of the BBC responsible for the corporations newsgathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 25 is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 189 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 25 is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 189 days remaining. ... The current BBC News logo BBC News and Current Affairs is a major arm of the BBC responsible for the corporations newsgathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 25 is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 189 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175 th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... Sylvia Mercado Kierkegaard is one of the world’s leading authorities in computer law. ... The Guardian is a British newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (83rd in Leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 17 is the 137th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (138th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175 th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175 th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175 th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 191 days remaining. ...

Further reading

  • Alavi, Nasrin. We Are Iran: The Persian Blogs, Soft Skull Press, New York, 2005 (details the phenonenom of blogging within Iran)

External links

Look up Blog in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
  • Blog software comparison chart by Online Journalism Review, USC Annenberg
  • Blogging, personal participation in public knowledge-building on the web (PDF file) by Mark Brady, Chimera Working Paper 2005-02 Colchester: University of Essex
  • Computer Law and Security Report Volume 22 Issue 2, Pages 127-136 Blogs, Lies and the Doocing by Sylvia Kierkegaard (2006)
  • Legal Guide for Bloggers by the Electronic Frontier Foundation
  • Blogging Wikia

  Results from FactBites:
 
Blog - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3759 words)
Most blogs are primarily textual although some focus on photographs (photoblog), videos (vlog), or audio (podcasting), and are part of a wider network of social media.
Blogs were among the driving forces behind the "Rathergate" scandal, to wit: (television journalist) Dan Rather presented documents (on the CBS show 60 Minutes) that conflicted with accepted accounts of President Bush's military service record.
Blogs have also had an influence on minority languages, bringing together scattered speakers and learners; this is particularly so with blogs in Gaelic languages, whose creators can be found as far away from traditional Gaelic areas as Kazakhstan and Alaska.
Urban Dictionary: blog (1019 words)
While blogs have many purposes, some of which can be useful, most people seem to use blogs as a way of having an online diary.
These blogs still exist, and are quite enjoyable to read, however the advent of blogger.com and livejournal.com has changed this once meaningful application into utter shit, allowing every day idiots to write about how shitty their lives are and why everyone should care.
Before it became an internet word, blog was a very strong drink of indeterminate recipe invented by sf fans, worse even than their Nuclear Fizz; like Monty Python’s Australian “fighting” wine, it is generally believed that blog is best left in the bottle so it can be used for hitting people over the head with.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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