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Encyclopedia > Bloc Québécois
Bloc Québécois
Active Federal Party
Founded June 15, 1991
Leader Gilles Duceppe
President Gilles Duceppe
Headquarters 3750 Crémazie Blvd. East
Suite 307
Montreal, Quebec
H2A 1B6
Political ideology Social democracy, Nationalism & Sovereigntism
International alignment None
Colours Light Blue
Website http:/www.blocquebecois.org  (http://www.blocquebecois.org)

The Bloc Québécois is a federal political party in Canada that is primarily devoted to promoting sovereignty for the province of Quebec. It also holds the goals of "defending the interests of all Quebecers in Ottawa". The Bloc is a broad coalition of those who want Quebec to obtain sovereignty. Although its leader, and its platform, espouse social democratic principles, it is not a homogeneous party that can be easily labelled with a specific ideology. In fact, many of its members and supporters came from both the centrist Liberal and centre-right Progressive Conservative parties, and the party attempts to attract sovereigntist voters from across the political spectrum. However, it still strongly espouses social democratic policies in all of its legislation, in synchronous with its close ties to the left-wing Parti Québécois, thus it is generally seen by the federal government, party supporters, and and a majority of its MPs as a left-wing political party. This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (167th in leap years), with 199 days remaining. ... 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Gilles Duceppe Gilles Duceppe (b. ... Gilles Duceppe Gilles Duceppe (b. ... This article needs cleanup. ... This article describes the Canadian province. ... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... Nationalism is an ideology that creates and sustains a nation as a concept of a common identity for groups of humans. ... Quebec The Quebec sovereignty movement is a movement calling for the attainment of sovereignty for Quebec, a province of the country of Canada. ... Blue (from Old High German blao shining) is one of the three primary additive colors; blue light has the shortest wavelength (about 470 nm) of the three primary colors. ... Canada is a sovereign state in northern North America, the northern-most country in the world, and the second largest in total area. ... Quebec The Quebec sovereignty movement is a movement calling for the attainment of sovereignty for Quebec, a province of the country of Canada. ... This article describes the Canadian province. ... This article describes the Canadian province. ... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: Parti libéral du Canada) is Canadas largest political party. ... The Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (PC) was a Canadian centre-right conservative political party that existed from 1867 to 2003. ... In politics, left-wing, political left, leftism, or simply the left, are terms which refer (with no particular precision) to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy, or liberalism (especially in the American sense of the word), or with opposition... The Parti Québécois or PQ is a left wing political party that advocates national sovereignty for Quebec from Canada. ...


The BQ is supported by organized labour in Quebec. Members and supporters of the BQ are sometimes called Bloquistes [blɑˈkist], a word formed on analogy to Péquiste (a Parti Québécois supporter). The labor movement (or labour movement) is a broad term for the development of a collective organization of working people, to campaign in their own interest for better treatment from their employers and political governments. ... This article describes the Canadian province. ... The Parti Québécois or PQ is a left wing political party that advocates national sovereignty for Quebec from Canada. ... The Parti Québécois or PQ is a left wing political party that advocates national sovereignty for Quebec from Canada. ...

Contents

History

Earlier projects

The idea of a party with candidates running for seats in the House of Commons only in Quebec is not new. The term "Bloc Québécois" was seen as early as 1926 in L'Action Française magazine, where an article calls for a party of Quebecers defending the Quebec nationality in Ottawa. The interior of the House of Commons chamber, also called the Green Chamber The House of Commons (in French, la Chambre des communes) is the directly elected lower house of the Parliament of Canada which sits in the nations capital of Ottawa, Ontario. ... 1926 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... {{Canadian City/Disable Field={{{Disable Motto Link}}}}} Motto: Advance Ottawa/Ottawa en avant City of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada Location. ...


From March to May of 1941, L'Action Nationale magazine renewed its calls for such a party, especially to oppose plans for conscription. In October 1941, the Bloc Populaire was created with those very objectives. 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Conscription Crisis of 1944 was a political and military crisis in Canada during World War II. It was related to the Conscription Crisis of 1917, but was not as politically damaging. ... 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Bloc populaire canadien was a political party in the Canadian province of Quebec founded on September 8, 1942 by opponents of conscription during World War II. In the April 27, 1942 national referendum held in Canada, a little more than 70% of Quebec voters refused to free the federal...


In September of 1971, there was another similar plea in L'Action Nationale to counter the federalism of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. One year after the October Crisis, a desire for peace in the streets and a desire to express frustration through democratic means was visible in the magazine: "The time has come to play hard; and it is necessary that it happens at the parliamentary stage to avoid other forms of violence." [1]  (http://www.action-nationale.qc.ca/editorial/98.4.htm#References) 1971 is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ... Alternative meaning: Prime Minister (band) A prime minister is the leading member of the cabinet of the top level government in a parliamentary system of government of a country, alternatively A prime minister is an official in a presidential system or semi-presidential system whose duty is to execute the... Name Pierre Elliott Trudeau Number Fifteenth First term April 20, 1968–June 4,1979 Second term March 3, 1980–June 30, 1984 Predecessor Lester Bowles Pearson Successors Joe Clark John Napier Turner Date of birth October 18, 1919 Place of birth Montreal, Quebec Date of death September 28, 2000 Spouse... The October Crisis was a series of dramatic events triggered by two terrorist kidnappings that occurred in Quebec, Canada, during the month of October, 1970. ...


The Ralliement des créditistes was another rural Quebec-only federal party worth noting. Social credit ideology was based on the ideas of the British engineer, Major C.H. Douglas. Historically in Quebec, Canada, there was a number of political parties that were part of the Canadian social credit movement. ... Social Credit is an economic theory and a social movement which started in the early 1920s. ...


The Union Populaire was a minor party that tried to build on the success of the Parti Québécois at the provincial level by nominating candidates in the 1979 and 1980 federal elections on a sovereigntist platform. The PQ, however, had rejected participation in federal elections and provided no support to the party, which achieved little success. The Union populaire was a federal political party in Canada that nominated candidates in the 1979 and 1980 federal elections. ... The Parti Québécois or PQ is a left wing political party that advocates national sovereignty for Quebec from Canada. ... The House of Commons after the 1979 election The Canadian federal election of 1979 was held on May 22, 1979 to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. ... The House of Commons after the 1980 election The 1980 Canadian federal election was called when the minority Progressive Conservative government led by Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. ...


The Parti nationaliste du Québec was founded in the 1980s as an alternative to federalist parties (i.e., those opposed to independence for Quebec) and can be seen as a modest predecessor. The Parti nationaliste du Québec was founded by supporters of the Parti Québécois after the Social Credit Party of Canada imploded in Quebec as a means of giving PQ supporters an alternative to federalist parties. ...


Finally, the Rhinoceros Party, founded in 1968 by Doctor Jacques Ferron, renowned Quebec writer, won many votes from people who disapproved of federalist politicians. Jacques Ferron, the poet Gaston Miron, and the singer Michel Rivard challenged the seat of federalist Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. The Rhinoceros Party of Canada, also known as the Rhinos, was a registered political party in Canada from the 1960s to the 1990s. ... 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... Jacques Ferron (January 20, 1921 - April 22, 1985) was a Canadian physician and author. ...

The old Bloc Québécois Logo
The founder of the Bloc Québécois, Lucien Bouchard

Guy Bertrand, a former PQ candidate, had a plan to create a federal party in favour of Quebec independence, a "Bloc Québécois", in the 1970s. René Lévesque, the leader of the Parti Quebecois did not believe it to be the right time to do so. The fact that Lévesque noted this in his autobiography was brought up by Canadian Prime Minister Kim Campbell, having read the work, to her previous Tory colleague Lucien Bouchard in the leader's debate during the 1993 federal election. After decades of reflection and failed attempts to launch a sovereigntist party at the federal level, members of a sovereignist party were first elected on the federal level during the 1990s. This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... Lucien Bouchard Government portrait File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Lucien Bouchard Government portrait File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... René Lévesque. ... The Right Honourable Avril Phaedra Douglas Kim Campbell, PC (born March 10, 1947, Port Alberni, British Columbia) was the nineteenth Prime Minister of Canada from June 25 to November 4, 1993. ... The term Tory derives from the Tory Party, the ancestor of the modern UK Conservative Party. ... Lucien Bouchard official Quebec government picture. ... The 1993 Canadian federal election, which took place on October 25th, 1993, was one of the most eventful in Canadian history. ...


Origins

The Bloc Québécois started in 1990 as an informal coalition of Progressive Conservative Party (PC) and Liberal members of the Parliament of Canada from Quebec, who left their original parties around the time of the defeat of the Meech Lake Accord. The party was initially intended to be temporary, and was given the goal of the promotion of sovereignty at the federal level. The party aimed to disband following a successful referendum on sovereignty. 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Parliament of Canada (in French: le Parlement du Canada) is Canadas legislative branch, seated at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Ontario. ... The Meech Lake Accord was a set of failed constitutional amendments to the Constitution of Canada proposed by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and Robert Bourassa, premier of Quebec. ... Quebec The Quebec sovereignty movement is a movement calling for the attainment of sovereignty for Quebec, a province of the country of Canada. ... A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ...


This coalition was led by Lucien Bouchard, who had been federal Minister of the Environment until he quit the PC caucus. He was joined by Liberals Gilles Rocheleau and Jean Lapierre and Tories Nic Leblanc, Louis Plamondon, Benoît Tremblay, Gilbert Chartrand, and François Gérin. The first Bloquiste candidate to be elected was then-union-organizer Gilles Duceppe in a by-election for the riding of Laurier--Sainte-Marie on August 13, 1990. Lucien Bouchard official Quebec government picture. ... In the Cabinet of Canada, The Minister of the Environment is responsible for overseeing the federal governments environment department, Environment Canada. ... Jean-C. Lapierre (born May 7, 1956) is a Canadian politician, born in Bassin, Quebec Lapierre is a prominent member of the Liberal Party of Canada and Paul Martins political lieutenant in Quebec. ... Gilles Duceppe Gilles Duceppe (b. ... A by-election or bye-election is a special election held to fill a political office when the incumbent has died or resigned. ... This page refers to a Riding as a unit in local government. ... August 13 is the 225th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (226th in leap years), with 140 days remaining. ... 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


First election

In the 1993 federal election, the Bloc won 54 seats in Quebec. Because the opposition vote in the rest of Canada was split between the Reform Party, the PC Party and the New Democratic Party, the Bloc narrowly won the second largest number of seats in the Canadian House of Commons, and therefore became the official opposition. The 1993 Canadian federal election, which took place on October 25th, 1993, was one of the most eventful in Canadian history. ... For the Reform Party that existed prior to Canadian Confederation see Reform Party (pre-Confederation) The Reform Party of Canada was a Canadian federal political party in the 1980s and 1990s. ... The New Democratic Party (NDP) (French: Nouveau Parti démocratique (NPD)) is a social democratic political party in Canada. ... The interior of the House of Commons chamber, also called the Green Chamber The House of Commons (in French, la Chambre des communes) is the directly elected lower house of the Parliament of Canada which sits in the nations capital of Ottawa, Ontario. ... The Official Opposition (more formally, Her Majestys Loyal Opposition) in Canada is usually the largest parliamentary opposition party in the Canadian House of Commons. ...


The election of a great number of Bloquistes in the 1993 election was the first of The Three Periods, a plan intended to lay out the way to sovereignty created by future Premier of Quebec Jacques Parizeau. Parizeau became Premier of Quebec in the Quebec election of 1994. The Three Periods is a Quebec sovereigntist strategy. ... This is a list of the premiers of Quebec, Canada since Confederation (1867). ... Portrait of Jacques Parizeau. ... Categories: Stub | Quebec general elections ...


Referendum for independence

In 1995, the PQ government called the second referendum on independence in Quebec history. The Bloc entered the campaign for the Yes side (in favour of Sovereignty). 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1995 Quebec referendum was the second referendum in Quebec (see 1980 Quebec referendum) that put to public vote the role of Quebec within Canada and whether Quebec should pursue a path toward independent statehood (sovereignty). The referendum was the culmination of years of rising support for autonomy (see Quiet... This is the current collaboration of the week! Please help improve it to featured article standard. ... Quebec The Quebec sovereignty movement is a movement calling for the attainment of sovereignty for Quebec, a province of the country of Canada. ...


The Yes side's campaign had a difficult beginning, so the leadership of the campaign was shifted from Parizeau to Bloc leader Bouchard. Bouchard was seen as more charismatic and moderate, and therefore more likely to attract voters. A number of media following the campaign attributed the progress of the Yes side to this change of strategy.


A "tripartite agreement" mapping out the plan for accession to independence was written and signed by the leaders of the Parti Québécois, the Bloc Québécois and the Action Démocratique du Québec on June 12, 1995. It mentioned a subsequent association proposition to Canada to be tied to national independence in the referendum question. This provision was inspired by Bouchard, and reflected René Lévesque's convictions on the matter. Parizeau previously wanted a vote on simple independence. The option of sovereignty was narrowly defeated, with just 50.6% of voters rejecting the sovereignty plan. The Action démocratique du Québec (ADQ) is a fiscally right-wing political party in Quebec, Canada. ... June 12 is the 163rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (164th in leap years), with 202 days remaining. ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... René Lévesque. ...

Lucien Bouchard (L) and Jacques Parizeau (R) embrace on the stage of a Yes rally in 1995.

The day after the referendum, Quebec premier Jacques Parizeau stepped down (which he had privately committed to do in case of defeat). Bouchard left federal politics and was acclaimed the new leader of the Parti Québécois. According to the rules of the Westminster system, he became premier of Quebec on January 29, 1996. Lucien Bouchard & Jacques Parizeau embrace on a stage at a gathering for the OUI (Yes) side during the 1995 Quebec referendum. ... Lucien Bouchard & Jacques Parizeau embrace on a stage at a gathering for the OUI (Yes) side during the 1995 Quebec referendum. ... Portrait of Jacques Parizeau. ... The Parti Québécois or PQ is a left wing political party that advocates national sovereignty for Quebec from Canada. ... The Westminster System is a democratic system of government modelled after that of the United Kingdom system of government and used in Westminster, the seat of government, hence its name. ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...


Search of a new leader

Following Bouchard's departure, Michel Gauthier became leader of the Bloc. Michel Gauthier (born February 18, 1950) is a Canadian politician and former leader of the Bloc Québécois for one year (1996-1997). ... Lucien Bouchard, the first leader of the Bloc Qu cois was elected by acclamation by the MPs who formed the Bloc in 1990. ...


Although the party tends to represent the social democratic side of the political spectrum, it has no particular unifying ideology apart from promoting Quebec sovereignty. In the wake of the referendum defeat, Gauthier proved unable to hold the fractious caucus together, and resigned as leader just a year later.


Gilles Duceppe became leader of the party in 1997, and remains leader of the Bloc today. Gilles Duceppe Gilles Duceppe (b. ... 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Reef. ...


Hard road

In the 1997 federal election, the Bloc Québécois dropped to 44 seats, losing official opposition status to the Reform Party. The 1997-2000 term was marked by the Bloc's fight against the passing of Bill C-20, engineered by Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chrétien and Stéphane Dion, a Quebec minister in Chretien's cabinet. 36th Parliament In the 1997 Canadian election held on June 2, 1997, Jean Chrétiens Liberal Party of Canada won a second majority government. ... Canadian politics is federal legislation that established the conditions under which Ottawa would recognize a vote for secession by one of the provinces. ... The Right Honourable Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien, PC (born January 11, 1934) was the twentieth Prime Minister of Canada, serving from November 4, 1993, to December 12, 2003. ... The Hon. ...


In the 2000 election, the Bloc dropped further to 38 seats, despite winning more votes than at the previous election. This was still more than the number of seats the Liberals had won in Quebec; however, the Liberals went on to win several subsequent by-elections, marking the first time since the 1982 patriation of the Constitution that the Liberals had held the majority of Quebec's seats in the Commons. The 2000 Canadian federal election was held on November 27, 2000. ...


From then to the subsequent election, the Bloc continued to denounce the federal government's interventions in exclusively provincial jurisdictions. Its actions led to the uncovering of what has since become the sponsorship scandal. Among other things, the Bloc supported the Kyoto Accord, gay marriage and marijuana decriminalization, and opposed a Canadian participation in the 2003 war in Iraq. The sponsorship scandal is an ongoing scandal that has affected the government of Canada, and particularly the ruling Liberal Party of Canada for a number of years, but rose to especially great prominence in 2004. ... Earth as seen by Apollo 17 The Kyoto Protocol is an amendment to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), an international treaty on global warming. ... Same-sex marriage is widely anticipated to be legalized across Canada by Bill C-38, introduced by Paul Martins Liberal government in the federal Parliament on February 1, 2005. ... Many countries have laws regarding the possession or use of cannabis. ... This article deals with the post-invasion period in Iraq and its occupation. ...


Comeback

Numerous opinion polls in Quebec signaled a continued slide of the Bloc Québécois in most of 2003 following the 2003 Quebec election which was won by the federalist Parti libéral du Québec led by Jean Charest. During the long run-up to Paul Martin's becoming leader of the federal Liberals, the Bloc's popularity continued to decline. In the Quebec general election on April 14, 2003, the Quebec Liberal Party under Jean Charest defeated the incumbent Parti Québécois under Bernard Landry. ... The Parti libéral du Québec (Liberal Party of Quebec), or PLQ, is a liberal political party in the Canadian province of Quebec. ... Portrait of Jean J. Charest. ...


However, things progressively changed during the winter of 2003, partly because of the unpopularity of Charest's government and the rise in support for independence in Quebec (49 per cent in March (http://www.vigile.net/ds-actu/docs4/4-1.html#lpdl2)). The tide took its sharp turn when, in February 2004, the sponsorship scandal (uncovered in considerable part by the Bloc) hit the federal Liberal government. Quebec The Quebec sovereignty movement is a movement calling for the attainment of sovereignty for Quebec, a province of the country of Canada. ... February is the second month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The sponsorship scandal is an ongoing scandal that has affected the government of Canada, and particularly the ruling Liberal Party of Canada for a number of years, but rose to especially great prominence in 2004. ...

A crowd of Bloc supporters during the 2004 campaign.

For the 2004 election, the party adopted the slogan Un parti propre au Québec, a play on words which can either mean "A party belonging to Quebec" (a reference to the party's explicit objective of representing Quebec's interests in Ottawa) or "A clean party in Quebec" (a direct reminder of the sponsorship scandal). Crowd of Bloc Québécois supporters during the 2004 campaign. ... Crowd of Bloc Québécois supporters during the 2004 campaign. ... A Canadian federal election (more formally, the 38th general election) was held on June 28, 2004 to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. ...


The party succeeded in attracting its largest number of votes ever (1.67 million), and won 54 seats, tying its previous record from the 1993 campaign.


Speculation has been ongoing about the possibility of the Bloc forming alliances with other opposition parties or with an eventual minority government, be it Liberal Party, Conservative or NDP to promote its goals of respecting provinces' autonomy. Leader Gilles Duceppe has stated that the Bloc, as before, would co-operate with other opposition parties or with the government when interests are found to be in common but that the Bloc would never participate in a coalition government. For minority régime, see Apartheid. ... The Conservative Party of Canada ( French: Parti conservateur du Canada) is a right wing political party in Canada, formed by the merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in December 2003. ... A coalition government, or coalition cabinet, is a cabinet in parliamentary government in which several parties cooperate. ...


Sovereigntism in Ottawa

Debate

There is an on-going debate inside and outside of the sovereigntist forces on the usefulness of a party in Ottawa that, in practice, cannot take power because it runs only in the 75 Quebec ridings. This page refers to a Riding as a unit in local government. ...

Gilles Duceppe during the 2004 campaign.

Gilles Duceppe during the 2004 campaign. ... Gilles Duceppe during the 2004 campaign. ...

Supporters

Supporters contend that without the Bloc, most of the 75 Quebec seats would be occupied by Liberals, and that the presence of Quebecers in cabinet has never prevented governmental acts judged detrimental to the interests of Quebec. Examples given include:

  • the patriation of the Canadian constitution, which reduced the powers of the National Assembly of Quebec) without Quebec consent, and
  • the passing of Bill C-20,
  • the democratic importance of the opposition and its influence over government,
  • the necessity of an unbound, Quebec-minded and nationalist voice to be heard about what is under federal jurisdiction and on the international stage,
  • electing sovereignists in Ottawa helps the cause of sovereignty. (This is the essence of the Three Periods strategy of Parizeau.)

The Constitution of Canada is the supreme law in Canada. ... The Quebec Parliament Building at night The National Assembly is the legislative body of the Canadian province of Quebec. ... Canadian politics is federal legislation that established the conditions under which Ottawa would recognize a vote for secession by one of the provinces. ... The Three Periods is a Quebec sovereigntist strategy. ...

Detractors

Detractors from other political beliefs (especially the Liberal Party of Canada, the harshest critics and opponents of the Bloc) often say that the presence of the Bloc robs Canadian citizens in Quebec of a chance of strong representation and influence in government. Opponents of the federal Liberals say it prevents the emergence of a united opposition capable of challenging the Liberals. Some supporters of the left in Quebec and the rest of Canada (like New Democratic Party Quebec "lieutenant" Pierre Ducasse) contend the Bloc makes it more difficult for a clearly social democratic party to come to power in the House of Commons. Some sovereigntists in Quebec share that belief and support the NDP (Ducasse voted for the PQ in 2003 and for independence in 1995) or even other parties, but a vast majority are behind the Bloc. In politics, left-wing, political left, leftism, or simply the left, are terms which refer (with no particular precision) to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy, or liberalism (especially in the American sense of the word), or with opposition... Pierre Ducasse (born August 18, 1972), a Canadian politician, is a prominent New Democratic Party activist. ... The interior of the House of Commons chamber, also called the Green Chamber The House of Commons (in French, la Chambre des communes) is the directly elected lower house of the Parliament of Canada which sits in the nations capital of Ottawa, Ontario. ... In the Quebec general election on April 14, 2003, the Quebec Liberal Party under Jean Charest defeated the incumbent Parti Québécois under Bernard Landry. ... The 1995 Quebec referendum was the second referendum in Quebec (see 1980 Quebec referendum) that put to public vote the role of Quebec within Canada and whether Quebec should pursue a path toward independent statehood (sovereignty). The referendum was the culmination of years of rising support for autonomy (see Quiet...


Popular opinion

Polls show that a majority — around 60 per cent — of Quebecers think that the Bloc's presence in Ottawa is relevant and legitimate.


Relationship to Parti Québécois

The Parti Québécois holds close ties to the Bloc, and shares its principal objective: independence for Quebec. Further examples of this close relationship include the sharing of political candidates, the parties backing each other during election campaigns, and a similar militant voter base. Prominent members of each party often attend and speak at both organizations' public events. The Parti Québécois or PQ is a left wing political party that advocates national sovereignty for Quebec from Canada. ...


However, the Bloc Québécois is not simply the federal wing of the Parti Québécois, as it is sometimes portrayed in the media -- although the two parties maintain a close relationship, they are distinct organizations.


The current Bloc leader, Gilles Duceppe, is also the son of Jean Duceppe, a famous Quebec actor who helped found the PQ and the Quebec NDP. The latter party subsequently was expelled from the federal NDP, declared itself to be in favour of sovereignty, and subsequently joined with other left-wing parties to form the Union des Forces Progressistes. Gilles Duceppe Gilles Duceppe (b. ... Jean Duceppe is a Canadian actor, and the father of sovereigntist Canadian politician Gilles Duceppe. ... The Parti de la Democratie Socialiste (PDS) (in English: Party of Socialist Democracy) was a political party in Quebec, Canada. ... This page is about the Canadian political party. ... The Union des forces progressistes (UFP) is a left wing political party in Quebec, Canada. ...


Party leaders

See also: Bloc Quebecois leadership elections Lucien Bouchard official Quebec government picture. ... July 25 is the 206th day (207th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 159 days remaining. ... 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Gilles Duceppe Gilles Duceppe (b. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... February 16 is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... An interim leader, in Canadian politics, is a party leader who is appointed by the partys legislative caucus or the partys executive to temporarily act as leader when there is a gap between the resignation or death of a party leader and the election of his or her... Michel Gauthier (born February 18, 1950) is a Canadian politician and former leader of the Bloc Québécois for one year (1996-1997). ... February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... March 14 is the 73rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (74th in Leap years) with 292 days remaining in the year. ... 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Reef. ... Gilles Duceppe Gilles Duceppe (b. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in Leap years). ... 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Reef. ... Lucien Bouchard, the first leader of the Bloc Qu cois was elected by acclamation by the MPs who formed the Bloc in 1990. ...


Election results

Election # of candidates nominated # of seats won # of total votes % of popular vote (Canada) % of popular vote (Quebec)
1993
75
54
1,835,784
13.52%
49%
1997
75
44
1,385,821
10.67%
38%
2000
75
38
1,377,820
10.72%
40%
2004
75
54
1,672,874
12.40%
49%

The 1993 Canadian federal election, which took place on October 25th, 1993, was one of the most eventful in Canadian history. ... 36th Parliament In the 1997 Canadian election held on June 2, 1997, Jean Chrétiens Liberal Party of Canada won a second majority government. ... The 2000 Canadian federal election was held on November 27, 2000. ... A Canadian federal election (more formally, the 38th general election) was held on June 28, 2004 to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. ...

Caucus

See Bloc Québécois Shadow Cabinet The current Bloc Québécois Shadow Cabinet is listed below. ...


See also

Politics of Quebec - Politics of Canada - Parti Quebecois This is an article about the politics of the Province of Quebec, Canada. ... System of government Canada is a constitutional monarchy as a Commonwealth Realm (see Monarchy in Canada) with a federal system of parliamentary government, and strong democratic traditions. ... The Parti Québécois or PQ is a left wing political party that advocates national sovereignty for Quebec from Canada. ...

A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around very special issues with the aim to participate in power, usually by participating in elections. ... This is the current collaboration of the week! Please help improve it to featured article standard. ... This article presents a detailed timeline of Quebec history both as part of the British Empire and the Dominion of Canada. ... Quebec nationalism is the subject of many international studies together with the contemporary nationalism of Scotland, Catalonia and other non-sovereign regions of the world. ... Quebec The Quebec sovereignty movement is a movement calling for the attainment of sovereignty for Quebec, a province of the country of Canada. ... Political separatism is a movement to obtain sovereignty and split a territory or group of people (usually a people with a distinctive national consciousness) from one another (or one nation from another; a colony from the metropolis). ... A number of events and strategies have punctuated the history of the Quebec sovereigntist movement. ... Secessionist movements of Canada Movements seeking independence from Canada Quebec Quebec Sovereignism seeks independence from Canada for the province of Quebec. ...

External links

  • Bloc Quebecois website (http://www.blocquebecois.org/) (in French)
  • Report on the actions of the Bloc (http://www2.bloc.org/archivage/bilan_2004_1.pdf) (in French)
  • 2004 election platform (http://www2.bloc.org/2004/fr/elections_2004/images/PDF/Plate-forme%20electorale%202004.pdf) (in French)
  • Summary of the 2004 election platform in English (http://www2.bloc.org/2004/fr/elections_2004/images/PDF/platform_24-05_en.pdf) and in French (http://www2.bloc.org/2004/fr/elections_2004/images/PDF/Synthese%20plate-forme.pdf)
  • Text of the 1995 tripartite agreement in English (http://207.61.100.164/cantext/modpolit/1995pqbq.html) and in French (http://www.ncf.ca/ip/newspaper/ledroit/services/en3)
  • Action Nationale article about the history of the project of a Quebec "Bloc" in Ottawa (http://www.action-nationale.qc.ca/editorial/98.4.htm)
  • SRC dossier on the constitutional saga (http://www.radio-canada.ca/nouvelles/dossiers/constitution/) (in French)


Federal Political Parties of Canada
Liberal
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Conservative
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B.Q.
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N.D.P.
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Not represented in the House of Commons
Action
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C.H.P.
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Communist
image:cmpcsmall.PNG
Green
image:gpcsmall.jpg
Libertarian
image:ltpcsmall.PNG
Marijuana
image:mpsmall.PNG
Marxist-Leninist
image:mlpcsmall2.PNG
PC Party
image:pcpsmall.PNG
Election - List of election results - List of political parties in the Americas - Political parties

Canadian federal elections | Canadian election results | Summaries
1867 - 1872 - 1874 - 1878 - 1882 - 1887 - 1891 - 1896 - 1900 - 1904 - 1908 - 1911 - 1917
1921 - 1925 - 1926 - 1930 - 1935 - 1940 - 1945 - 1949 - 1953 - 1957 - 1958 - 1962 - 1963
1965 - 1968 - 1972 - 1974 - 1979 - 1980 - 1984 - 1988 - 1993 - 1997 - 2000 - 2004 - 2005? A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around very special issues with the aim to participate in power, usually by participating in elections. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: Parti libéral du Canada) is Canadas largest political party. ... This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... The Conservative Party of Canada ( French: Parti conservateur du Canada) is a right wing political party in Canada, formed by the merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in December 2003. ... This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... The New Democratic Party (NDP) (French: Nouveau Parti démocratique (NPD)) is a social democratic political party in Canada. ... This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... The interior of the House of Commons chamber, also called the Green Chamber The House of Commons (in French, la Chambre des communes) is the directly elected lower house of the Parliament of Canada which sits in the nations capital of Ottawa, Ontario. ... The Canadian Action Party is a progressive, Canadian federal political party founded in 1997. ... This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... The Christian Heritage Party of Canada is a federal political party in Canada. ... This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... The Communist Party of Canada is a communist political party in Canada. ... This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... The Green Party of Canada is a federal political party in Canada. ... This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... Founded in 1975, the Libertarian Party of Canada adheres to the philosophy of libertarianism, and has been particularly influenced by the ideas of Ayn Rand. ... This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... The Marijuana Party of Canada is a Canadian federal political party whose platform is to end prohibition of cannabis. ... This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... The Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) (CPC-ML) is a Canadian federal political party whose platform is the promotion of socialism. ... This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... The Progressive Canadian Party (PC Party) is a minor federal political party in Canada. ... This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... An election is a process in which a vote is held to elect candidates to an office. ... Elections by country gives information on elections. ... This is a list of political parties around the world. ... A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around very special issues with the aim to participate in power, usually by participating in elections. ... Elections in Canada gives information on election and election results in Canada. ... Elections in Canada gives information on election and election results in Canada. ... Canadian federal election results (1867_1879) Canadian federal election results (1880_1899) Canadian federal election results (1900_1919) Canadian federal election results (1920_1939) Canadian federal election results (1940_1959) Canadian federal election results (1960_1979) Canadian federal election results (1980_1999) Canadian federal election results (2000-) See also: Lists of general elections in Canada Canadian federal... (Redirected from 1867 Canadian election) The 1867 federal election, held on September 20th, was the first election for the new nation of Canada. ... Politics of Canada Categories: Stub | Canadian federal elections ... (Redirected from 1874 Canadian election) The Canadian federal election of 1874 was held on January 22, 1874. ... (Redirected from 1878 Canadian election) The Canadian federal election of 1878 resulted in the end of Canada suffered an economic depression during Mackenzies term, and his party was pounished by the voters for it. ... (Redirected from 1882 Canadian election) The Canadian federal election of 1882 was held on June 20, 1882. ... (Redirected from 1887 Canadian election) The Canadian federal election of 1887 was held on February 22, 1887. ... The 1891 Canadian federal election was won by the Conservative Party of Sir John A. Macdonald. ... (Redirected from 1896 Canadian election) The Canadian federal election of 1896 was held on July 11, 1896. ... (Redirected from 1900 Canadian election) National results Notes: Before refers to the standings in the House of Commons at the last election, and not to the standings at dissolution. ... (Redirected from 1904 Canadian election) In the Canadian federal election of 1904, SIr Wilfrid Laurier led the Liberal Party of Canada to a second term in government, with an increased majority in the canadian House of Commons, and over half of the popular vote. ... (Redirected from 1908 Canadian election) In the Canadian federal election of 1908, Sir Wilfrid Lauriers Liberal Party of Canada was re-elected for a third consecutive term in government with a majority governent|majority]] in the Canadian House of Commons. ... (Redirected from 1911 Canadian election) The 1911 Canadian federal election brought to an end fifteen years of government by the Liberal Party of United States, and the creation of a Canadian navy. ... (Redirected from 1917 Canadian election) The 1917 Canadian federal election was held on December 17, 1917. ... (Redirected from 1921 Canadian election) In the 1921 Canadian federal election, the Canada through the First World War was defeated and replaced by a Liberal government under the young leader William Lyon Mackenzie King. ... (Redirected from 1925 Canadian election) In the 1925 Canadian federal election, William Lyon Mackenzie Kings Liberal Party formed a minority government. ... (Redirected from 1926 Canadian election) The Canadian federal election of 1926 was called following an event known as the King-Byng Affair. ... (Redirected from 1930 Canadian election) In the 1930 Canadian federal election, R.B. Bennetts Conservative Party won a majority government, defeating the Liberal Party led by William Lyon Mackenzie King. ... (Redirected from 1935 Canadian election) In the 1935 Canadian federal election, the Liberal Party of William Lyon Mackenzie King won a majority government, defeating R.B. Bennetts Conservative Party. ... The 1940 Canadian federal election was the 19th General Election in Canadian history. ... The Canadian parliament after the 1945 election The Canadian federal election of 1945 was the 20th General Election in Canadian history. ... The Canadian federal election of 1949 was the first election in Canada in almost thirty years in which the Liberals were not led by William Lyon Mackenzie King. ... National results Notes: (1) The Liberal-Labour MP sat with the Liberal caucus. ... (Redirected from 1957 Canadian election) The Canadian federal election of 1957 was held June 10, 1957. ... The 24th general election was held just nine months after the 23rd and transformed Prime Minister John Diefenbakers minority into the largest ever majority government in Canadian history. ... (Redirected from 1962 Canadian election) When the Canadian federal election of 1962 was called, the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada of John George Diefenbaker had governed for almost five years with the largest majority in the House of Commons in Canadian history. ... The Canadian federal election of 1963 resulted in the defeat of the minority Progressive Conservative government of John George Diefenbaker. ... In the Canadian federal election of 1965, the Liberal Party of Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson was re-elected with a larger number of seats in the Canadian House of Commons. ... In the Canadian federal election of June 25, 1968, the Liberal Party won a majority government under its new leader, Pierre Trudeau. ... (Redirected from 1972 Canadian election) The House of Commons after the 1972 election The Canadian federal election of 1972 was held on October 30, 1972. ... The House of Commons after the 1974 election The 1974 Canadian federal election was held on July 8. ... The House of Commons after the 1979 election The Canadian federal election of 1979 was held on May 22, 1979 to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. ... The House of Commons after the 1980 election The 1980 Canadian federal election was called when the minority Progressive Conservative government led by Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. ... The 1984 Canadian federal election was called on July 4, 1984, and held on September 4 of that year. ... (Redirected from 1988 Canadian election) Map of the Popular Vote with bar graphs showing seat totals in the provinces and territories The Canadian Parliament after the 1988 election The 1988 Canadian federal election was an election largely fought on a single issue: the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement. ... (Redirected from 1993 Canadian election) The 1993 Canadian federal election, which took place on October 25th, 1993, was one of the most eventful in Canadian history. ... 36th Parliament In the 1997 Canadian election held on June 2, 1997, Jean Chrétiens Liberal Party of Canada won a second majority government. ... The 2000 Canadian federal election was held on November 27, 2000. ... A Canadian federal election (more formally, the 38th general election) was held on June 28, 2004 to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. ... There is no certainty that a federal election to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons will be held in Canada in 2005, but it is a very strong possibility. ...


 
 

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