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Encyclopedia > Blaise Cendrars

Frédéric Louis Sauser (September 1, 1887January 21, 1961), better known as Blaise Cendrars, was a Swiss novelist and poet naturalized French in 1916. September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ... January 21 is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ...

Contents

Life

He was born in La Chaux-de-Fonds, Neuchâtel, Switzerland and at age 15, he left home to work for a jewel merchant that provided him with the opportunity to travel. Throughout his life he spent much of his time traveling, visiting such places as China, Mongolia, Siberia, Persia, the Caucasus and Russia. Location within Switzerland La Chaux-de-Fonds is a city located in the Jura mountains in Switzerland. ... Location within Switzerland Neuchâtel 47. ... Siberian Federal District (darker red) and the broadest definition of Siberia (red) arctic northeast Siberia Udachnaya pipe Siberia (Russian: , Sibir; Tatar: ) is a vast region of Russia constituting almost all of Northern Asia and comprising a large part of the Euro-Asian Steppe. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Caucasus Mountains. ...


In 1910, he moved to Paris, France where he met the poet Guillaume Apollinaire. Greatly influenced by Apollinaire and his world travels, Cendrars would create a style based on photographic impressions, themes, and reflections in which nostalgia and disillusion were blended with a boundless vision of the world. In 1913, he demonstrated this through his lengthy poem titled in English as "The Prose of the Transsiberian and of the Little Jehanne of France" in which he described his world journey. His writing career was interrupted by World War I when he fought in the French Foreign Legion. He was sent to the front line in the Somme where from mid-December 1914 until February 1915 he was in the line at Frise (at La Grenouillère and the Bois de la Vache). He described this experience in his famous books "La main coupée" ("The Severed Hand") and "J'ai tué" ("I have killed"). It was during the bloody attacks in Champagne in September of 1915 that Blaise Cendrars lost his right arm and was discharged from the army. The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... Guillaume Apollinaire Guillaume Apollinaire (August 26, 1880 – November 9, 1918) was a poet, writer, and art critic. ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nikolay II Aleksey Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Robert Nivelle Herbert H. Asquith D. Lloyd George Sir Douglas Haig Sir John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna... Legionnaire (film) The French Foreign Legion (French: Légion étrangère) is a unique elite unit within the French Army established in 1831. ... Somme is a French département, named after the Somme River, located in the north of France. ...


Jean Cocteau introduced him to Eugenia Errázuriz, who proved a supportive if at times possessive patron. Around 1918 he visited her house and was so taken with the simplicity of the décor, he was inspired to write the sequence of poems D'Oultremer à Indigo (From Ultramarine to Indigo). He stayed with Eugenia in her house in Biarritz, in a room decorated with murals by Pablo Picasso. At this time he was also driving an old Alfa Romeo which had been "colour-coordinated" by Georges Braque.[1] Cendrars became an important part of the era of artistic creativity going on in Montparnasse at the time, his writings a literary epic of the modern adventurer. He was friends with Ernest Hemingway and Henry Miller plus many of the writers, painters, and sculptors living in Paris. In 1918, his friend Amedeo Modigliani painted his portrait. Jean Cocteau Jean Maurice Eugène Clément Cocteau (July 5, 1889 – October 11, 1963) was a French poet, novelist, dramatist, designer, boxing manager and filmmaker. ... Eugenia Huici de Errázuriz (15 September 1860 - 1954) was a Chilean patron of the arts. ... Biarritz (French: Biarritz, pronounced ; Gascon Occitan: Biàrritz; Basque: Miarritze) is a town and commune which lies on the Bay of Biscay, on the Atlantic coast, in southwestern France. ... Pablo Ruiz Picasso (October 25, 1881 – April 8, 1973) was a Spanish painter and sculptor. ... Alfa Romeo is an Italian automobile manufacturing company, founded as Darracq Italiana by Cavaliere Ugo Stella, an aristocrat from Milan in partnership with the French automobile firm of Alexandre Darracq. ... Violin and Candlestick, Paris, spring 1910, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art Georges Braque (May 13, 1882 – August 31, 1963) was a French painter and sculptor who, with Pablo Picasso, developed cubism and became one of the major figures of twentieth-century art. ... The Montparnasse Tower, which at 209m was the tallest building in Western Europe when it was built. ... Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short-story writer, and journalist. ... Henry Miller photo taken by Carl Van Vechten, 1940 Henry Valentine Miller (December 26, 1891 – June 7, 1980) was an American writer and, to a lesser extent, painter. ... Amedeo Modigliani Amedeo Clemente Modigliani (July 12, 1884 – January 24, 1920) was a Jewish-Italian painter and sculptor who pursued his career for the most part in France. ...


After the war, he became involved in the movie industry in Italy, France, and the United States. Needing to generate sufficient income, after 1925 he stopped publishing poetry and focused on novels or short stories.


The artist Sonia Delaunay-Terk, a life-long friend, was one of the first to attempt to "illustrate" his poems in terms of painting; this is especially important since this was an outgrowth of Robert Delaunay and other's experiments in proto-abstract expressionism. Similarly, Gertrude Stein was attempting to write prose in the manner of abstractness of Picasso's works. Sonia Delaunay-Terk (Sonia Terk Stern) (1885 – 1979) Born in Gradizhsk, Ukraine as Sonia Terk, and grew up in St. ... Image:300px-Delaunay ChampDeMars. ... This USPS stamp illustrates Pollocks drip technique. ... Gertrude Stein (February 3, 1874 – July 29, 1946) was an American writer and catalyst in the development of modern art and literature, who spent most of her life in France. ... Pablo Ruiz Picasso (October 25, 1881 – April 8, 1973) was a Spanish painter and sculptor. ...


During World War II, tragedy struck when his youngest son was killed in an accident while escorting American planes in Morocco. In occupied France, the Gestapo listed Cendrars as a Jewish writer of "French expression." Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The   (contraction of Geheime Staatspolizei; Secret State Police) was the official secret police of Nazi Germany. ... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ...


In 1961, Cendrars was awarded the Paris Grand Prix for literature. Most of his works were translated into English including the long poem "Le Panama ou Les Aventures de Mes Sept Oncles" translated by John Dos Passos and published in the United States in 1931. John Rodrigo Dos Passos (January 14, 1896 — September 28, 1970) was an important Portuguese-American novelist and artist. ...


Blaise Cendrars died in Paris.


Selected poems

  • "Les Paques à New York" - (1912)
  • "La Prose du Transsibérien et la petite Jehanne de France" - (1913)
  • "Le Panama ou Les Aventures de Mes Sept Oncles" - (1918)

Selected stories and novels

  • ""J'ai tué" - (1918)
  • "La main coupée" - (1918)
  • "L'Or" - (1925) In English, Sutter's Gold, a fictionalized story of John Sutter, a Swiss pioneer, who started the great gold rush in the northern California
  • "Moravagine" - (1926) (novel)
  • "Les Confessions de Dan Yack" - (1927) (novel)
  • "Antarctic Fugue" - (1929)
  • "Une Nuit dans la forêt" - (1929)
  • "Comment les blancs sont d'anciens noirs" - (1930)
  • "Rhum--L'aventure de Jean Galmot" - (1933).
  • "Hollywood, la mecque du cinéma" - (1936)
  • "Histoires vraies" - (1937)
  • "La vie dangereuse" - (1938)
  • "D'outremer à indigo" - (1940)
  • "L'homme foudroyé" - (1945)
  • "La Femme et le Soldat - (1946)
  • "Emmène-moi au bout du monde! " - (1953)
  • "Du monde entier au cœur du monde" - (1957)
  • "Trop, C'est Trop" - (1957)
  • "A l'aventure" - (1959)
  • "Bourlinguer" - (?)

This does not cite its references or sources. ...

External links

  • Read Cendrar's interview with The Paris Review

References

  • Richardson, John Sacred Monsters, Sacred Masters Random House, 2001. ISBN 0-679-42490-3.

John Richardson is a British art historian who settled permanently in New York. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Richardson, op. cit. pages 9 and 14.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Blaise Cendrars (1376 words)
Blaise Cendrars was born in the small city of La Chaux-de-Fonds of a Swiss father and a Scottish mother.
Cendrars was considered along with Apollinaire, whom he deeply influenced, a leading figure in the literary avant-garde before and after World War I. In his early experimental poems Cendrars used pieces of newsprint, the multiple focus, simultaneous impressions, and other modernist techniques.
Cendrars started to publish in the late 1940s memoirs, which combined travel fantasies with colorful episodes from his life.
Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > Blaise Cendrars (517 words)
Greatly influenced by Apollinaire and his world travels, Cendrars would create a style based on photographic impressions, themes, and reflections in which nostalgia and disillusion were blended with a boundless vision of the world.
It was during the bloody attacks in Champagne in September of 1915 that Blaise Cendrars lost his right arm and was discharged from the army.
Blaise Cendrars became an important part of the era of artistic creativity going on in Montparnasse at the time, his writings a literary epic of the modern adventurer.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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