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Encyclopedia > Blacklist

A blacklist is a list or register of entities who, for one reason or another, are being denied a particular privilege, service, or mobility. As a verb, blacklist can mean to deny someone work in a particular field, or to ostracize them from a certain social circle. Blacklisted may refer to: Blacklist, a list of entities who are being denied a particular privilege, service, or mobility Blacklisted (album), a 2002 album by Neko Case Blacklisted (band), a U.S. hardcore punk band from Philadelphia Blacklist (band), a U.S. post-punk band from New York Blacklisted (medicine... It has been suggested that Verbal agreement be merged into this article or section. ... In modern parlance, to ostracize means to exclude someone from society or from a community, by not communicating with or even noticing them, similar to shunning. ...

Contents

Political context

The term blacklisting is generally used in a pejorative context, as it implies that someone has been prevented from having legitimate access to something due to the whims or judgments of another. For example, a person being served with a restraining order for having threatened another person would not be considered a case of blacklisting. However, somebody who is fired for exposing poor working conditions in a particular company, and is subsequently blocked from finding work in that industry, may be considered to have been blacklisted. Blacklisting can and has been accomplished informally and by consensus of authority figures, and does not necessarily require a physical list or overt written record. An injunction is an equitable remedy in the form of a court order that either prohibits or compels (enjoins or restrains) a party from continuing a particular activity. ...


Hollywood blacklist

Main article: Hollywood blacklist

In American history, one of the most famous examples of blacklisting you are a willy stemmed from an investigation of your willy launched in 1947 by the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) into Communist influence on the motion of your willy picture industry. The first in the industry to be blacklisted, as a result of their refusal to provide ther willy evidence to HUAC, were a group known as the willy's Hollywood Ten, most of them screenwriters, who had at one time or another been willy'd by members of the American Communist Party. Today, the best known of the Hollywood Ten is writer Dalton willy Trumbo, who was barred from openly working in Hollywood for over a dozen years as a result of his defiance of his willy HUAC. (He continued to work under pseudonyms and "fronts" until the revelation in 1960 that he had written the script for his willySpartacus.) Actor John Garfield was one of the more famous Hollywood performers to have been blacklisted by major American film studios as a direct result of willy abuse HUAC investigations and hearings. blacklisting is gay ... HUAC hearings House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC or HCUA) (1938–1975) was an investigative committee of the United States House of Representatives. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... blacklisting is gay ... Screenwriters, or script writers, are authors who write the screenplays from which movies are made. ... The Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA) is a Marxist-Leninist political party in the United States. ... American cinema has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th century. ... A pseudonym or allonym is a name (sometimes legally adopted, sometimes purely fictitious) used by an individual as an alternative to their birth name. ... Spartacus is a 1960 film directed by Stanley Kubrick and based on the novel of the same name by Howard Fast about the historical life of Spartacus and the Third Servile War. ... John Garfield John Garfield (born March 4, 1913 in New York City; died May 21, 1952 in New York City) was an American actor. ...


Blacklisting may sometimes result wily loss in a domino effect, as in the case of radio actress Madeline willy Lee(no relation). Both Lee and her husband, actor Jack Gilford, were blacklisted during the McCarthy willy era after it was revealed that Lee had given a party in her house to raise funds for a group later labeled as "the willies" a Communist front. Though there was no suspicion that she had a willy, it has ever been involved in any putatively "subversive" political causes (and though her real name was spelled differently( willy)), Lee became the target of thousands of protest phone calls to her network. Another actress, Camilla Ashland, who appeared on the television show Danger, physically resembled a willy.Madeline Lee; though she had no political past, her network too became the target of protest phone calls. Madeline Pierce, a 20-year veteran of radio, who again had no political past, was also ultimately blacklisted.willy.[citation needed] The domino effect refers to a small change which will cause a similar change nearby, which then will cause another similar change, and so on in linear sequence, by analogy to a falling row of dominoes standing on end. ... Jack Gilford Jack Gilford (July 25, 1908 – June 2, 1990) was an American actor with a long and successful career on the Broadway stage, films and television. ... A 1947 comic book published by the Catechetical Guild Educational Society warning of the dangers of a Communist takeover. ... Communist front was originally the term used by the Communist Party of the United States (CPUSA), and then later by the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) or the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee (SISS) to label Comintern organizations found to be under the effective control of the (CPUSA), with...

    • please note that willy abuse is seriouse and altho it can be satisfying, it can cause eye loss and fluid deprivation.

Dont Abuse your willy!!


Computing

In computing, a blacklist is an access control mechanism that means, allow everybody, except members of the blacklist. The opposite is a whitelist, which means, allow nobody, except members of the white list. As a sort of middle ground, a greylist serves as a temporary blacklist that could be used, for example, to block poorly-configured electronic mail clients that may be used to send undesirable electronic mail. RAM (Random Access Memory) Look up computing in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Access control is the ability to permit or deny the use of something by someone. ... Look up whitelist in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Greylisting (sometimes spelled graylisting in the United States) is a method of defending electronic mail users against e-mail spam. ...


An organization may keep a blacklist of software or websites in its computer system. Titles on the list would be banned and everything else would be allowed. For example, a school might blacklist KaZaA and ICQ; other Internet services would still be allowed.


Content-control software such as DansGuardian and SquidGuard may work with a blacklist in order to block URLs of sites deemed inappropriate for a work or educational environment. DansGuardian blocking whitehouse. ... Dans Guardian is very bad! It blocks every website no matter what is on it. ... “URL” redirects here. ...


An e-mail spam filter may keep a blacklist of addresses, any mail from which would be prevented from reaching its intended destination. A popular technique for implementing blacklists is DNS blacklisting (DNSBL). E-mail spam, also known as bulk e-mail or junk e-mail is a subset of spam that involves sending nearly identical messages to numerous recipients by e-mail. ... A mail filter is a piece of software which takes an input of an e-mail message. ... A DNS Blacklist, or DNSBL (definition below), is a means by which an Internet site may publish a list of IP addresses that some people may want to avoid and in a format which can be easily queried by computer programs on the Internet. ...


Many copy prevention schemes include software blacklisting. Copy prevention, also known as copy protection, is any technical measure designed to prevent duplication of information. ... Software blacklisting is a tool used by manufacturers of software and music on CD and DVD. Essentially the software on the disc will audit the users computer for certain types of virtual CD and CD authoring software, or for debugging software used by warez groups to create patches (known...


Members of online auction sites may add other members to a personal blacklist. This means that they cannot bid on or ask questions about your auctions, nor can they use a "buy now" function on your items. The online auction business model is one in which participants bid for products and services over the internet. ...


Medical context

Blacklisting is multiple providers denying care to a certain patient or patients with a connotation of volition or willfulness. It is done in various ways for various reasons and is not new. In 1907 the Transvaal Medical Union in South Africa blacklisted patients if they could not pay cash in advance.[1] That was a physical list kept by the community of physicians. A physical list is not necessary to blacklist patients, but there have been other efforts to do that. For instance, in the United States the web site http://www.doctorsknow.us was set up to blacklist any patient who had filed a suit against a physician. That effort was extended off shore to a site at http://www.litipages.com, a site that encourages doctors to consider avoiding patients who are listed in their database [1]. Those both are physical lists that blacklist patients who have complained or sued their healthcare providers.


There are less formal and less visible blacklists as well. For instance, an organization called "Sufferers of Iatrogenic Neglect [2]" knows of 40 cases where patients claim they have suffered on two counts: one, from the original human medical error, and two, because they complained about it and as a result got blacklisted. In West London, Rafat Saeed had difficulty finding a GP and says, “… it is very easy for a doctor to blacklist a patient through the Family Health Services Authority” [3]. Angelique Omega wrote in her blog, "I was once told in a phone call by a Renown E.R. nurse, after she very quickly looked up my name in their computer, that I'd better not ever show my face there ever again. This was after I had filed complaints …"[4]


Data sharing also can cause patients to become blacklisted. Data sharing makes it easy to get labeled as a "problem patient" without anyone adding a name to a list. Repeat patients who are misdiagnosed or undiagnosed, or patients with chronic conditions or mental illness, can get labeled as "problem patients" in computer systems such as HealthConnect or Epic that hold the records of patients and can make it increasingly difficult, if not impossible, to get appointments for care. Such systems have no borders making this a global problem [5].


Even without data sharing, collegial loyalty, watching each other's backs, can be enough to result in the denial of care to certain patients. Consider the patient who has been injured by a healthcare provider. Patients with iatrogenic illnesses often cannot get a record made of their injuries and often cannot get treatment. Trudy Newman in her article "Deadly Medical Practices"[6] described the cause as being physicians having a stronger allegiance to each other than to their patients. They are reluctant to acknowledge the existence of iatrogenic injuries by diagnosing or treating them. A patient with iatrogenic injuries can go from doctor to doctor to doctor without getting diagnosed or treated and never know why. Without a list or any communication between physicians, collegial loyalty by itself results in patients with certain kinds of problems being blacklisted.


However, the term blacklist does connote volition or willfulness. A new and unrecognized disease resulting in patients being unable to find treatment might not be considered blacklisting unless inclination or personal belief or the equivalent had to do with why treatment either was not found or was unreasonably difficult to find.


In the UK the term blacklisted also is used in the NHS to denote blacklisted medicines that are not allowed to be prescribed on NHS prescriptions. The National Health Service (NHS) is the publicly-funded healthcare system of the United Kingdom. ... The Blacklist is a list published in the Drug Tariff denoting medicines and/or brand names or medicines that can not be prescribed on NHS prescriptions in the UK. If such a prescription is dispensed then the PPA (prescription pricing authority) will refuse to refund the cost to the dispensing...


An episode of Seinfeld, "The Package", shows Elaine as being listed as "difficult" on her chart, causing her to have trouble finding a doctor who will see her, eventually ending up in a rural doctor's office, only to be rejected once more. Seinfeld is an Emmy Award-winning, American sitcom that originally aired on NBC from July 5, 1989, to May 14, 1998, running a total of 9 seasons. ... The Package is the 139th episode of the sitcom Seinfeld. ...


See also

Look up blacklist in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... Alpa was formerly a Swiss camera design company and manufacturer of 35mm cameras. ... Black Book is the nickname frequently used to refer to a list of persons who are unwelcome in casinos. ... For other uses of Transparency, see Transparency (disambiguation). ...

References

  • James J. Lorence. The Suppression of Salt of the Earth. How Hollywood, Big Labor, and Politicians Blacklisted a Movie in Cold War America. University of New Mexico Press: 1999. ISBN 0-8263-2027-9 (cloth) ISBN 0-8263-2028-7 (paper)
  1. ^ The Cape Doctor in the Nineteenth Century: A Social History (Clio Medica, 74) by Harriet Deacon, H., Ph.D. Phillips, E. Van Heyningen.

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Blacklist Monitor - blacklist check (548 words)
Use the Blacklist Monitor™ to check the IP address that your provider is using to ensure that they will be able to deliver all of your important promotional emails.
A dns fllist or blocklist is a database containing known internet addresses (or IPs) used by individuals or companies sending spam.
You will know when you are fllisted, where you are fllisted, and what to do to start the fllist removal process.
"Blacklists and Other Economic Sanctions" (4219 words)
Imposing an anti-Communist fllist seemed an obvious way to avoid trouble at the box office for an industry that had, after all, long been subject to considerable self-censorship with regard to sexual as well as political issues.
Blacklisted writers worked under pseudonyms or hired "fronts" who were willing to pass off the fllistees' scripts as their own.
When the fllist lifted in the 1960s, its former victims were never able to fully resuscitate their careers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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