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Encyclopedia > Black currants
Blackcurrant

Image:blackcurrants.jpg

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Saxifragales
Family: Grossulariaceae
Genus: Ribes
Species: nigrum
Binomial name

Ribes nigrum L.

The blackcurrant is a temperate shrub which produces small edible berries with a high natural vitamin C content, which are very dark purple/blue in colour—almost black—hence the name. Like the other true currants (not to be confused with the kind of currant that is a dried grape), it is classified in the genus Ribes.


Blackcurrants have a slightly bitter taste; They are made into jam, ice cream, cordial and liqueur. In the UK (possibly also elsewhere), some types of confectionery include a blackcurrant flavour, but this is generally missing in North America, even in the same brand.


In North America, grape flavour in candy (including grape jelly Brit. jam) almost mirrors the use of blackcurrant in both its ubiquity there, and its rarity on the opposing side of the Atlantic.


In bars, the blackcurrant cordial is referred to simply as "black", as in "vodka and black", "snakebite and black", "Pernod and black", or "black and France creme de cassis is an alcoholic blackcurrant liqueur, used for making the popular apéritif kir. In the Netherlands, cassis is a popular, red-coloured, soft drink with a blackcurrant flavour.


When not in fruit, the aspect of the plant is very similar to the redcurrant, however there is a way to distinguish them. The leaves and stems of the blackcurrant have a strong odour reminiscent of cat's Britain, New Zealand a blackcurrant cordial under the brand name of Ribena (from the genus name) is principally marketed as a 'healthy' (if extremely sweet) drink for children.


Blackcurrant seed oil is a rich source of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), a very rare essential fatty acid.


Blackcurrants are rare in the United States owing to the fact that in the early 1900's, currant farming was banned due to its ability to spread disease among white pines which threatened the then-booming lumber industry. Currant growing is now making a comeback in the United States, however the fruit is not well_known and so has not reached the popularity that it has seen in Europe.






  Results from FactBites:
 
Blackcurrant - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (506 words)
In UK bars, the flcurrant cordial is referred to simply as "fl", as in "vodka and fl", "snakebite and fl", "Pernod and fl", or "fl and lemonade".
Blackcurrants are rare in the United States owing to the fact that in the early 1900's, currant farming was banned due to its ability to spread disease among white pines which threatened the then-booming lumber industry.
Currant growing is now making a comeback in the United States, however the fruit is not well-known and so has not reached the popularity that it has seen in Europe.
News-Star OnlineBringing back black currant fruits 07/09/03 (489 words)
Black currant fruits are "of a stinking and somewhat loathing savour, the leaves also are not without the stinking smell," wrote herbalist John Gerard in his famous "Herball" more than 350 years ago.
Black currants are extremely high in vitamin C, and even before vitamins were known, the fruits were valued for their soothing effect on sore throats.
Black currant is a handsome bush, with lush, forest-green leaves that unfurl very early in the season and hang onto the upright stems well into autumn.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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