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Encyclopedia > Black Sox Scandal
1919 Chicago White Sox team photo
1919 Chicago White Sox team photo

The Black Sox Scandal refers to a number of events that took place around and during the play of the 1919 World Series. The name "Black Sox" also refers to the Chicago White Sox team from that year. Eight members of the Chicago franchise were banned from baseball for throwing (intentionally losing) games, giving the victory to the Cincinnati Reds. Baltimore Black Box 1923 Leagues Independent (1916 - 1922, 1930 - 1931) Eastern Colored league (1923 - 1928 American Negro League (1929) East-West League (1932) Negro National League (1933 - 1934) Significant Players Satchel Paige michael Steele The Chosen One Jud “Boojum” Wilson Frank Warfield Oliver Ghost Marcelle Sir Richard Lundy Leon Day... Part of the History of baseball series. ... The 1919 Chicago White Sox. ... The 1919 Chicago White Sox. ... Dates: October 1–October 9, 1919 MVP: none selected Television: N/A TV announcers: N/A Radio network: {{{radio_network}}} radio announcers: {{{radio_announcers}}} Umpires: Cy Rigler (NL), Billy Evans (AL), Ernie Quigley (NL), Dick Nallin (AL) Future Hall of Famers: Reds: Edd Roush. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 3, 4, 9, 11, 16, 19, 42, 72 Name Chicago White Sox (1904–present) Other nicknames The Sox, The South Siders, The ChiSox, The Pale Hose, The Good Guys, The Go-Go Sox, The... Match fixing or game fixing in organized sports occurs when a match is played to a completely or partially pre-determined result. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 5, 8, 10, 13, 18, 20, 24, 42 Name Cincinnati Reds (1958–present) Cincinnati Redlegs (1953-1958) Cincinnati Reds (1882-1953) Cincinnati Red Stockings (1876-1882) Other nicknames The Redlegs, The Big Red Machine...


The conspiracy was the brainchild of White Sox first baseman Arnold "Chick" Gandil and Joseph "Sport" Sullivan, who was a professional gambler of Gandil's acquaintance. New York gangster Arnold Rothstein supplied the major connections needed. The money was supplied by Abe Attell, former featherweight boxing champion, who accepted the offer even though he did not have the $80,000 that the White Sox wanted.[citation needed] Arnold Chick Gandil (19 January 1887 _ 13 December 1970) was an American baseball player. ... Arnold Rothstein Arnold Rothstein (January 17, 1882 - November 4, 1928) was a New York businessman and gambler, chiefly famous for his role as a kingpin of organized crime. ... Abraham Washington Attell (born February 22, 1884 in San Francisco, California, United States – died February 6, 1970 in New Paltz, New York), better known in the boxing world as Abe Attell, was a boxer who became known for his involvement in scandals as well as for his long period as...


Gandil enlisted seven of his teammates, motivated by a mixture of greed and a dislike of penurious club owner Charles Comiskey, to implement the fix. Starting pitchers Eddie Cicotte and Claude "Lefty" Williams, outfielders "Shoeless" Joe Jackson and Oscar "Happy" Felsch, and infielder Charles "Swede" Risberg were all involved. Buck Weaver was also asked to participate, but refused; he was later banned with the others for knowing of the fix but not reporting it. Utility infielder Fred McMullin was not initially approached, but got word of the fix and threatened to report the others unless he was in on the payoff. Sullivan and his two associates Sleepy Bill Burns and Billy Maharg, somewhat out of their depth, approached Rothstein to provide the money for the players, who were promised a total of $100,000.[citation needed] Charles Comiskey baseball card, 1887 Charles Albert Comiskey (August 15, 1859 - October 26, 1931) was a Major League Baseball player, manager and team owner. ... Edward Victor Cicotte (June 19, 1884 - May 5, 1969 Born and Died in Detroit, Michigan) (pronounced See-Cot) was an American right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball best known for his time with the Chicago White Sox. ... Claude Preston Lefty Williams (March 9, 1893 - November 4, 1959) was an American left-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball. ... Joseph Jefferson Shoeless Joe Jackson (July 16, 1888 – December 5, 1951) was a left fielder in Major League Baseball who played for the Philadelphia Athletics, Cleveland Indians and Chicago White Sox. ... 1919 photograph of Oscar Happy Felsch Oscar Emil Happy Felsch (August 22, 1891 – August 17, 1964) was an American center fielder in Major League Baseball who played for the Chicago White Sox from 1915 to 1920. ... Charles August Swede Risberg (13 October 1894 - 13 October 1975) was an American baseball player. ... George Daniel Buck Weaver (August 18, 1890 - January 31, 1956) was an American shortstop and third baseman in Major League Baseball who played his entire career for the Chicago White Sox. ... Frederick William McMullin (13 October 1891 - 21 November 1952) was an American baseball player. ... William Thomas Bill Burns (January 27, 1880 – June 6, 1953), nicknamed Sleepy Bill, was an American baseball player who played as a pitcher for five different Major League teams. ... Bily Maharg William Joseph Maharg, also known as William Joseph Graham (March 19, 1881 - November 20, 1953) has three distinct historical connections with Major League Baseball -- first, as a replacement player in the 1912 Detroit Tigers players strike, second, for a one-game stint with the Philadelphia Phillies in 1916...


Stories of the "Black Sox" scandal have usually included Comiskey in its gallery of subsidiary villains, focusing in particular on his intentions regarding a clause in Cicotte's contract that would have paid Cicotte an additional $10,000 bonus for winning 30 games. According to Eliot Asinof's account of the events, Eight Men Out, Cicotte was "rested" for the season's final two weeks after reaching his 29th win, presumably to deny him the bonus. However, the record is perhaps more complex. Cicotte won his 29th game on September 19, had an ineffective start on September 24, and was pulled after a few innings in a tuneup on the season's final day, September 28 (the World Series beginning 3 days later). Reportedly, Cicotte agreed to the fix on the same day he won his 29th game, before he could have known of any efforts to deny him a chance to win his 30th.[1]

Contents

The Series

Even before the Series started on October 1, there were rumors among gamblers that the series was fixed, and the influx of money being bet on Cincinnati caused the odds against them to fall rapidly. These rumors also reached the press box where a number of correspondents, including Hugh Fullerton of the Chicago Herald and Examiner and the ex-player and manager Christy Mathewson, resolved to compare notes on any plays and players that they felt were questionable. Despite the rampant rumors, gamblers continued to wager heavily against the White Sox. On the second pitch of the Series, Eddie Cicotte struck Cincinnati leadoff hitter Morrie Rath in the back, signaling the players' willingness to go through with the fix.[citation needed] is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Hugh Fullerton III (1873 - 1945) was an influentional American sportswriter of the first half of the 20th century. ... Chicagos American, an afternoon newspaper in Chicago, Illinois, was the last flowering of the aggressive journalistic tradition depicted in the play and movie The Front Page. ... Christopher Christy Mathewson (August 12, 1880 - October 7, 1925), nicknamed Big Six, The Christian Gentleman, or Matty, was a right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball. ...


The extent of Jackson's participation in the conspiracy remains controversial. Jackson maintained that he was innocent, especially in his last words, which were "I'm about to face the greatest umpire of all, and He knows I am innocent." He had a .375 batting average, claimed to have thrown out five baserunners, and handled thirty chances in the outfield with no errors during that series. However, he batted far worse in the five games that the White Sox lost, amassing a batting average of .268 in those games. He totaled three RBIs, from a home run and a double in game 8, when the Reds had a large lead and the series was all but over. Still, in that game a long foul ball was caught at the fence with runners on second and third, depriving Jackson of a chance to drive in the runners. The stats also show that in the other games the White Sox lost, only five of Jackson's at bats came with a man in scoring position, and he advanced the runners twice. “RBI” redirects here. ... Homerun redirects here. ...


Jackson, generally considered a strong defensive player—was unable to prevent a critical two-run triple to left during the series (in fact, during the series three triples were hit to left where Jackson was playing, despite the fact that most triples get hit to right or right-center). Jackson told sportswriter Westbrook Pegler that he had "only poked at the ball" during many World Series at-bats. Most damningly, Jackson took $5,000 from the gamblers.[2] Westbrook Pegler (2 August 1894 - 24 June 1969) was a United States journalist and writer. ...


One play in particular has been subjected to much scrutiny. In the fifth inning of game 4, with a Cincinnati player on second, Jackson fielded a single hit to left field and threw home. The run scored and the White Sox lost the game 2-0. Chick Gandil, another leader of the fix, later admitted to yelling at Cicotte to intercept the throw.[3] Cicotte, whose guilt is undisputed, made three errors in that fifth inning alone. Arnold Chick Gandil (19 January 1887 _ 13 December 1970) was an American baseball player. ...


Another argument, presented in the book Eight Men Out, is that because Jackson was illiterate, he had little awareness of the seriousness of the plot, and thus he consented to it only when Risberg threatened him and his family. Jackson accepted money in the fix and, on the advice of his lawyers, pleaded guilty in the ensuing trial. Eight Men Out is an American dramatic sports film, released in 1988, based on 8 Men Out, published in 1963, by Eliot Asinof. ...


Fallout

The rumors dogged the club throughout the 1920 season, as the White Sox battled the Cleveland Indians for the AL pennant that year, and stories of corruption touched players on other clubs as well. At last, in September 1920, a grand jury was convened to investigate. Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 5, 14, 18, 19, 21, 42, 455 Name Cleveland Indians (1915–present) Cleveland Naps (1905-1914) Cleveland Bronchos (1902-1904) Cleveland Blues (1901) Other nicknames The Tribe, The Wahoos Ballpark Jacobs Field (1994–present... A pennant is usually a narrow tapering flag most commonly flown by ships at sea. ... In the American common law legal system, a grand jury is a type of jury which determines if there is enough evidence for a trial. ...


During the investigation two players, Eddie Cicotte and "Shoeless" Joe Jackson, confessed. On the eve of their final season series, the White Sox were in a virtual tie for first place with the Cleveland Indians. The Sox would need to win all 3 and then hope for Cleveland to stumble, as the Indians had more games in hand. Despite the season being on the line, White Sox owner Charles Comiskey suspended the seven White Sox still in the majors (Arnold "Chick" Gandil had left the team and was playing semi-pro ball). The White Sox lost 2 of 3 in their final series against the St. Louis Browns, and those two losses made the difference, as they finished in second place, two games behind Cleveland. Edward Victor Cicotte (June 19, 1884 - May 5, 1969 Born and Died in Detroit, Michigan) (pronounced See-Cot) was an American right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball best known for his time with the Chicago White Sox. ... Joseph Jefferson Shoeless Joe Jackson (July 16, 1888 – December 5, 1951) was a left fielder in Major League Baseball who played for the Philadelphia Athletics, Cleveland Indians and Chicago White Sox. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 5, 14, 18, 19, 21, 42, 455 Name Cleveland Indians (1915–present) Cleveland Naps (1905-1914) Cleveland Bronchos (1902-1904) Cleveland Blues (1901) Other nicknames The Tribe, The Wahoos Ballpark Jacobs Field (1994–present... Charles Comiskey baseball card, 1887 Charles Albert Comiskey (August 15, 1859 - October 26, 1931) was a Major League Baseball player, manager and team owner. ... Arnold Chick Gandil (19 January 1887 _ 13 December 1970) was an American baseball player. ... This article is about the contemporary American major league baseball team. ...


Prior to the trial, key evidence went missing from the Cook County Courthouse, including the signed confessions of Cicotte and Jackson, who subsequently recanted their confessions. The players were acquitted. Some years later, the missing confessions reappeared in the possession of Comiskey's lawyer.[4] This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


However, the majors were not so forgiving. The damage to the sport's reputation led the owners to appoint Federal Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis as the first Commissioner of Baseball. The day after the players were acquitted, Landis issued his own verdict: A federal judge is a judge appointed in accordance with Article III of the United States Constitution. ... Kenesaw Mountain Landis Kenesaw Mountain Landis (November 20, 1866 – November 25, 1944) was an American jurist who served as a federal judge from 1905 to 1922, and subsequently as the first commissioner of Major League Baseball. ... The Commissioner of Baseball is the chief executive of Major League Baseball. ...

Regardless of the verdict of juries, no player who throws a ball game, no player who undertakes or promises to throw a ball game, no player who sits in confidence with a bunch of crooked ballplayers and gamblers, where the ways and means of throwing a game are discussed and does not promptly tell his club about it, will ever play professional baseball.

With this statement, all eight implicated White Sox were banned from Major League Baseball for life, as were two other players believed to be involved. The White Sox would not win another league championship until 1959 (a then-record forty-year gap) nor another World Series until 2005, prompting some to speculate about a Curse of the Black Sox. 2005 White Sox center fielder Aaron Rowand, in an interview for the official World Series film DVD, compared the 2004 Red Sox with the 2005 White Sox: "If they could break their 'curse', so could we." Dates: October 22, 2005–October 26, 2005 MVP: Jermaine Dye (Chicago) Television: FOX Announcers: Joe Buck and Tim McCarver Umpires: Joe West, Jeff Nelson, Jerry Layne, Derryl Cousins, Gary Cederstrom, Angel Hernandez ALCS: Chicago White Sox over Los Angeles Angels (4-1) NLCS: Houston Astros over St. ... The 1919 World Series was played between the Chicago White Sox and the Cincinnati Reds. ... Aaron Rowand (born August 29, 1977 in Portland, Oregon) is a center fielder in Major League Baseball who plays for the Philadelphia Phillies after spending several years with the Chicago White Sox. ...


The banned players

  • Eddie Cicotte, pitcher.
  • Oscar "Happy" Felsch, center fielder.
  • Arnold "Chick" Gandil, first baseman. The leader of the players who were in on the fix. He did not play in the majors in 1920, playing semi-pro ball instead. In 1956, he expressed remorse for the fix, but claimed that he and his colleagues abandoned it and kept the money after rumors spread that the fix was in.
  • "Shoeless" Joe Jackson. The star outfielder, one of the best hitters in the game, confessed to accepting money from the gamblers. He later recanted his confession and protested his innocence to no effect until his death in 1951. He was the first of the eight to die.
  • Fred McMullin, utility infielder. McMullin would not have been included in the fix had he not overheard player conversations. He threatened to tell all if not included.
  • Charles "Swede" Risberg, shortstop. Risberg was Gandil's assistant. He lived on until 1975, the last survivor of the eight.
  • George "Buck" Weaver, third baseman. Weaver attended the initial meetings, and while he did not go in on the fix, he knew about it. Landis banished him on this basis, stating "Men associating with crooks and gamblers could expect no leniency." On January 13, 1922 Buck unsuccessfully applied for reinstatement. Like Jackson, Weaver continued to profess his innocence to successive Baseball Commissioners to no effect. He died in 1956.
  • Claude "Lefty" Williams, pitcher. 0-3 with a 6.63 ERA for the series. Only one other pitcher in the entire history of baseball - George Frazier of the 1981 New York Yankees - has ever lost three games in one World Series. Frazier, presumably, was not trying to lose them.

Also banned was Joe Gedeon, second baseman for the St. Louis Browns. Gedeon knew Risberg, had heard of the fix from him, and placed bets. He informed Comiskey of the fix after the Series in an effort to gain a reward. He was banned for life by Landis along with the eight White Sox.[5] Since baseballs evolution from exhibition to professional sport, a number of players, executives (up to and including team owners), and others have been banned from the sport for the remainder of their lifetimes, and in some cases banned forever. ... Edward Victor Cicotte (June 19, 1884 - May 5, 1969 Born and Died in Detroit, Michigan) (pronounced See-Cot) was an American right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball best known for his time with the Chicago White Sox. ... 1919 photograph of Oscar Happy Felsch Oscar Emil Happy Felsch (August 22, 1891 – August 17, 1964) was an American center fielder in Major League Baseball who played for the Chicago White Sox from 1915 to 1920. ... Arnold Chick Gandil (19 January 1887 _ 13 December 1970) was an American baseball player. ... Joseph Jefferson Shoeless Joe Jackson (July 16, 1888 – December 5, 1951) was a left fielder in Major League Baseball who played for the Philadelphia Athletics, Cleveland Indians and Chicago White Sox. ... Frederick William McMullin (13 October 1891 - 21 November 1952) was an American baseball player. ... Charles August Swede Risberg (13 October 1894 - 13 October 1975) was an American baseball player. ... George Daniel Buck Weaver (August 18, 1890 - January 31, 1956) was an American shortstop and third baseman in Major League Baseball who played his entire career for the Chicago White Sox. ... Claude Preston Lefty Williams (March 9, 1893 - November 4, 1959) was an American left-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball. ... George Frazier (born October 13, 1954 in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma), is a former professional baseball player who pitched in the Major Leagues primarily as a set-up reliever from 1978-1987. ... 1981 World Series Logo The 1981 World Series matched the New York Yankees against the Los Angeles Dodgers, marking their third meeting in the Series in five years. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... Elmer Joseph Gedeon (December 5, 1893 - May 19, 1941) born in Sacramento, California was a Second Baseman for the Washington Senators (1913-14), New York Yankees (1916-17) and St. ... This article is about the contemporary American major league baseball team. ...


Origin of "Black Sox"

Although many believe the Black Sox name to be related to the dark and corrupt nature of the conspiracy, the term "Black Sox" may already have existed before the fix. There is a story that the name "Black Sox" derived from parsimonious owner Charles Comiskey's refusal to pay for the players' uniforms to be laundered, instead insisting that the players themselves pay for the cleaning.[6][7] As the story goes, the players refused and subsequent games saw the White Sox play in progressively filthier uniforms as dust, sweat and grime collected on the white, woolen uniforms until they took on a much darker shade. Charles Comiskey baseball card, 1887 Charles Albert Comiskey (August 15, 1859 - October 26, 1931) was a Major League Baseball player, manager and team owner. ...


On the other hand, Eliot Asinof in his book Eight Men Out makes no such connection, referring early on to filthy uniforms but referring to the term "Black Sox" only in connection with the scandal.


In popular culture

Eliot Asinof's book, Eight Men Out, is the best-known history of the scandal. Director John Sayles' film Eight Men Out, based on Asinof's book, is a dramatization of the scandal, focusing largely on Buck Weaver as the one banned player who did not take any money. It stars John Cusack as Weaver, David Strathairn as Eddie Cicotte, D.B. Sweeney as Joe Jackson, and Sayles himself as then-sportswriter Ring Lardner---to whom Sayles bears a near-exact resemblance. Photo of John Sayles by Robert Birnbaum John Thomas Sayles (born September 28, 1950) is an independent American film director and writer who frequently takes a small part in his own and other indie films. ... Eight Men Out is an American dramatic sports film, released in 1988, based on 8 Men Out, published in 1963, by Eliot Asinof. ... This article is about the actor. ... David Russell Strathairn (born on January 26, 1949) is an Academy Award-nominated American film and television actor. ... Daniel Bernard Sweeney (born 14 November 1961 in Shoreham, New York) is an American movie and television actor. ... Ringgold Wilmer Lardner (March 6, 1885 - September 25, 1933) was an American sports columnist and short story writer best known for his satirical takes on the sports world, marriage, and the theatre. ...


W.P. Kinsella's novel Shoeless Joe is the story of an Iowa farmer who builds a baseball field in his cornfield after hearing a mysterious voice; Shoeless Joe Jackson and other members of the Black Sox come to play on his field. The novel was adapted into the hit film Field of Dreams. Also, in F. Scott Fitzgerald's novel The Great Gatsby, a minor character named Meyer Wolfsheim was said to have helped in the Black Sox scandal, though this is purely fictional. In explanatory notes accompanying the novel's 75th anniversary edition, editor Matthew J. Bruccoli describes the character as being directly based on Arnold Rothstein. William Patrick Kinsella (born May 25, 1935, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada) is a noted novelist who mainly wrote about Canadas First Nations and baseball. ... Shoeless Joe is a fantasy novel by W. P. Kinsella. ... Field of Dreams (1989) is a movie about a farmer who becomes convinced by a mysterious voice that he is supposed to construct a baseball diamond in his corn field. ... Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald (September 24, 1896 – December 21, 1940) was an American Jazz Age author of novels and short stories. ... This article is about the novel. ... Arnold Rothstein Arnold Rothstein (January 17, 1882 - November 4, 1928) was a New York businessman and gambler, chiefly famous for his role as a kingpin of organized crime. ...


Also, in the film The Godfather Part II, the fictional gangster Hyman Roth alludes to the scandal when he says, "I've loved baseball ever since Arnold Rothstein fixed the World Series in 1919." The Godfather Part II is a 1974 motion picture directed by Francis Ford Coppola from a script he co-wrote with Mario Puzo. ... Hyman Roth (December 28, 1892-March 6, 1959) is a fictional character (based heavily on real-life gangster Meyer Lansky), who plays a pivotal role in the film The Godfather Part II. He was portrayed by Lee Strasberg, a well-respected acting teacher, in one of his few screen roles. ...


See also

Dates: October 1–October 9, 1919 MVP: none selected Television: N/A TV announcers: N/A Radio network: {{{radio_network}}} radio announcers: {{{radio_announcers}}} Umpires: Cy Rigler (NL), Billy Evans (AL), Ernie Quigley (NL), Dick Nallin (AL) Future Hall of Famers: Reds: Edd Roush. ... There have been many dramatic on-field moments in the 130+ years of Major League Baseball. ... Hugh Fullerton III (1873 - 1945) was an influentional American sportswriter of the first half of the 20th century. ...

Citations

  1. ^ http://www.thediamondangle.com/marasco/hist/cicotte.html
  2. ^ Lloyd Johnson, "A Friend Wishes To Comment", The Baseball Book 1990 p.255, Bill James, Villard Books
  3. ^ Arnold "Chick" Gandil (as told to Melvin Durslag), "This is My Story of the Black Sox Series," Sports Illustrated, September 17, 1956
  4. ^ Eight Men Out, p.289-291
  5. ^ http://bioproj.sabr.org/bioproj.cfm?a=v&v=l&bid=238&pid=4991
  6. ^ A mountain of a mistakeChuck Hirshberg
  7. ^ Game-Fixing in the National Game Roger I. Abrams, Entertainment Law Review

Sources

  • Chicago Historical Society: Black Sox
  • Famous American Trials: The Black Sox Trial
  • Asinof, Eliot. Eight Men Out. New York: Henry Holt. 1963. ISBN 0-8050-6537-7.
  • Ginsburg, Daniel E. The Fix Is In: A History of Baseball Gambling and Game Fixing Scandals. McFarland and Co., 1995. 317 pages. ISBN 0-7864-1920-2.
  • Pietrusza, David Rothstein: The Life, Times, and Murder of the Criminal Genius Who Fixed the 1919 World Series, New York: Carroll & Graf, 2003. ISBN 0-7867-1250-3

External links

  • chicagohs.org Chicago Historical Society on the Black Sox
  • Eight Men Out - IMDb page on the 1988 movie, written and directed by John Sayles based on Asinof's book
Photo of John Sayles by Robert Birnbaum John Thomas Sayles (born September 28, 1950) is an independent American film director and writer who frequently takes a small part in his own and other indie films. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 3, 4, 9, 11, 16, 19, 42, 72 Name Chicago White Sox (1904–present) Other nicknames The Sox, The South Siders, The ChiSox, The Pale Hose, The Good Guys, The Go-Go Sox, The... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 3, 4, 9, 11, 16, 19, 42, 72 Name Chicago White Sox (1904–present) Other nicknames The Sox, The South Siders, The ChiSox, The Pale Hose, The Good Guys, The Go-Go Sox, The... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This is a list of seasons completed by the Chicago White Sox baseball franchise in Major League Baseball. ... The following is a list of players and managers (* ), both past and current, who appeared at least in one game for the Chicago White Sox franchise as listed on MLB.com. ... Clark Griffith 1901-1902 Nixey Callahan 1903-1904 Fielder Jones 1904-1908 Billy Sullivan 1909 Hugh Duffy 1910-1911 Nixey Callahan 1912-1914 Pants Rowland (1915-18) Kid Gleason 1919-1923 Ed Walsh 1924 Johnny Evers 1924 Eddie Collins 1924-1926 Ray Schalk 1927-1928 Lena Blackburne 1928-1929 Donie... // Radio Stations WBBM 780 kHz (1935-40, 1980-81) WBKI 96. ... South Side Park was the name used for three different baseball parks that formerly stood in Chicago, Illinois at different times, and whose sites were all just a few blocks away from each other. ... This article is about the original Comiskey Park. ... U.S. Cellular Field a. ... Disco Demolition Night was a promotional event that took place on July 12, 1979, at Comiskey Park in Chicago. ... The White Flag Trade was a trade made between two Major League Baseball teams in 1997. ... Andy the Clown Andy the Clown was the performing name of Andrew Rozdilsky, Jr. ... Lets Go, Go-Go White Sox is the fight song of the Chicago White Sox of the American League. ... Sweet Home Chicago is a popular blues standard in the twelve bar form. ... The 1919 World Series was played between the Chicago White Sox and the Cincinnati Reds. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The rivalry between the Minnesota Twins and Chicago White Sox is intense but relatively recent, probably coming from the 2000s. ... Charles Comiskey baseball card, 1887 Charles Albert Comiskey (August 15, 1859 - October 26, 1931) was a Major League Baseball player, manager and team owner. ... Joseph Jefferson Shoeless Joe Jackson (July 16, 1888 – December 5, 1951) was a left fielder in Major League Baseball who played for the Philadelphia Athletics, Cleveland Indians and Chicago White Sox. ... Ed Walsh of the Chicago White Sox at Comiskey Park in 1913. ... Ray Schalk of the Chicago White Sox at Comiskey Park in 1913. ... Edward Trowbridge Collins Sr. ... Urban Clarence Red Faber (September 6, 1888 - September 25, 1976) was an American right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball from 1914 until 1933, playing his entire career for the Chicago White Sox. ... Jacob Nelson Nellie Fox (December 25, 1927 – December 1, 1975) was a Major League Baseball second baseman for the Chicago White Sox and is a member of the Baseball Hall of Fame. ... Minnie Miñoso [me-NYO-so] (b. ... Harold Sweet Swinging Douglas Baines (born March 15, 1959 in Easton, Maryland) is a former right fielder and designated hitter in Major League Baseball. ... Lucius Benjamin Appling (April 2, 1907 - January 3, 1991) was an American shortstop in Major League Baseball who played his entire career for the Chicago White Sox (1930-1950). ... Luis Ernesto Aparicio Montiel (born April 29, 1934 in Maracaibo, Zulia State, Venezuela) is a former shortstop in professional baseball and a member of the Baseball Hall of Fame. ... Theodore Amar Lyons (December 28, 1900 - July 25, 1986) was a Major League Baseball starting pitcher and manager. ... Walter William Billy Pierce (born April 2, 1927 in Detroit, Michigan) is a former Major League Baseball left-handed starting pitcher who played with the Detroit Tigers (1945, 1948), Chicago White Sox (1949-61) and San Francisco Giants (1962-64). ... Carlton Ernest Fisk (born December 26, 1947 in Bellows Falls, Vermont) is a former Major League Baseball catcher who played for 24 years with the Boston Red Sox and Chicago White Sox. ... Frank Edward Thomas (born May 27, 1968) is an American Major League Baseball player for the Toronto Blue Jays. ... Paul Henry Konerko (born March 5, 1976 in Providence, Rhode Island) is a first baseman in Major League Baseball with the Chicago White Sox. ... Jacob Nelson Nellie Fox (December 25, 1927 – December 1, 1975) was a Major League Baseball second baseman for the Chicago White Sox and is a member of the Baseball Hall of Fame. ... Harold Sweet Swinging Douglas Baines (born March 15, 1959 in Easton, Maryland) is a former right fielder and designated hitter in Major League Baseball. ... Lucius Benjamin Appling (April 2, 1907 - January 3, 1991) was an American shortstop in Major League Baseball who played his entire career for the Chicago White Sox (1930-1950). ... Minnie Miñoso [me-NYO-so] (born November 29, 1922 in Havana [or Matanzas ?], Cuba), born Saturnino Orestes Armas Miñoso Arrieta, is a former star left fielder in Major League Baseball. ... Luis Ernesto Aparicio Montiel (born April 29, 1934 in Maracaibo, Zulia State, Venezuela) is a former shortstop in professional baseball and a member of the Baseball Hall of Fame. ... Theodore Amar Lyons (December 28, 1900 - July 25, 1986) was a Major League Baseball starting pitcher and manager. ... Walter William Billy Pierce (born April 2, 1927 in Detroit, Michigan) is a former Major League Baseball left-handed starting pitcher who played with the Detroit Tigers (1945, 1948), Chicago White Sox (1949-61) and San Francisco Giants (1962-64). ... Jack Roosevelt Jackie Robinson (January 31, 1919 – October 24, 1972) became the first African-American major league baseball player of the modern era in 1947. ... Carlton Ernest Fisk (born December 26, 1947 in Bellows Falls, Vermont) is a former Major League Baseball catcher who played for 24 years with the Boston Red Sox and Chicago White Sox. ... Jerry Reinsdorf (born February 25, 1936 in Brooklyn, New York) is the owner of Chicago White Sox and the Chicago Bulls. ... Eddie Einhorn was the owner of the Chicago White Sox. ... Kenneth Royal Williams (born April 6, 1964 in Berkeley, California) is a former outfielder in Major League Baseball and the current general manager of the Chicago White Sox. ... The 1906 World Series featured a crosstown matchup between the Chicago Cubs, who had posted the highest regular-season win total (116) in major league history, and the Chicago White Sox. ... The Chicago White Sox beat the New York Giants in 6 games. ... Dates: October 22, 2005–October 26, 2005 MVP: Jermaine Dye (Chicago) Television: FOX Announcers: Joe Buck and Tim McCarver Umpires: Joe West, Jeff Nelson, Jerry Layne, Derryl Cousins, Gary Cederstrom, Angel Hernandez ALCS: Chicago White Sox over Los Angeles Angels (4-1) NLCS: Houston Astros over St. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1900 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1901 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1906 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1917 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1919 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1959 throughout the world. ... The 2005 American League Championship Series (ALCS), the second round of the 2005 American League playoffs, matched the Central Division champion Chicago White Sox against the Western Division champion Los Angeles Angels. ... The 1983 American League Championship Series was played between the Chicago White Sox and the Baltimore Orioles from October 5, 1983 to October 8, 1983. ... The 1993 American League Championship Series was played between the Toronto Blue Jays and Chicago White Sox from October 5 to October 12, 1993. ... The 2000 American League Division Series, the first round of the 2000 American League playoffs, saw the wild card-qualifying Seattle Mariners (91-71) beat the Central Division champion Chicago White Sox (95-67) 3 games to 0, and the Eastern Division champion and defending World Series champion New York... The 2005 American League Division Series (ALDS), the opening round of the 2005 American League playoffs, began on Tuesday, October 4, and ended on Monday, October 10, with the champions of the three AL divisions – along with a wild card team – participating in two best-of-five series. ... The 1929 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 30th season. ... The 1930 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 31st season. ... The 1931 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 32nd season. ... The 1932 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 33rd season. ... The 1933 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 34th season. ... The 1934 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 35th season. ... The 1935 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 36th season. ... The 1936 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 37th season. ... The 1937 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 38th season. ... The 1938 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 39th season. ... The 1939 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 40th season. ... The 1940 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 41st season. ... The 1941 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 42nd season. ... The 1942 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 43rd season. ... The 1943 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 44th season. ... The 1944 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 45th season. ... The 1945 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 46th season. ... The 1946 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 47th season. ... The 1947 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 48th season. ... The 1948 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 49th season. ... The 1949 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 50th season. ... The 1950 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 51st season. ... The 1951 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 52nd season. ... The 1952 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 53rd season. ... The 1953 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 54th season. ... The 1954 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 55th season. ... The 1955 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 56th season. ... The 1956 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 57th season. ... The 1957 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 58th season. ... The 1958 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 59th season. ... The 1959 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 60th season. ... The 1960 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 61st season. ... The 1961 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 62nd season. ... The 1962 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 63rd season. ... The 1963 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 64th season. ... The 1964 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 65th season. ... The 1965 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 66th season. ... The 1966 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 67th season. ... Location Comiskey Park (Since 1910) Chicago, Illinois (Since 1900) 1967 Information Owner(s) Arthur Allyn, Jr. ... Location Comiskey Park (Since 1910) Chicago, Illinois (Since 1900) 1968 Information Owner(s) Arthur Allyn, Jr. ... The 1969 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 70th season. ... The 1970 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 71st season. ... The 1971 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 72nd season. ... The 1972 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 73rd season. ... The 1973 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 74th season. ... The 1974 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 75th season. ... The 1975 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 76th season. ... The 1976 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 77th season. ... The 1977 Chicago White Sox season involved the White Sox playing the Toronto Blue Jays in the Jays first ever game. ... The 1978 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 79th season. ... The 1979 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 80th season. ... The 1980 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 81st season. ... The 1981 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 82nd season. ... The 1982 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 83rd season. ... The 1983 Chicago White Sox season involved the White Sox winning the Ameican Legaue West championship. ... The 1984 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 85th season. ... The 1985 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 86th season. ... The 1986 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 87th season. ... The 1987 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 88th season. ... The 1988 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 89th season. ... The 1989 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 90th season. ... The 1990 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 91st season. ... Location U.S. Cellular Field (Since 1991) Chicago, Illinois (Since 1900) 1991 Information Owner(s) Jerry Reinsdorf Manager(s) Jeff Torborg Local television WGN-TV Local radio The 1991 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 93rd season. ... Location U.S. Cellular Field (Since 1991) Chicago, Illinois (Since 1900) 1992 Information Owner(s) Jerry Reinsdorf Manager(s) Gene Lamont Local television WGN-TV Local radio The 1992 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 94th season. ... Location U.S. Cellular Field (Since 1991) Chicago, Illinois (Since 1900) 1993 Information Owner(s) Jerry Reinsdorf Manager(s) Gene Lamont Local television WGN-TV Local radio WMVP The 1993 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 94th season. ... Location U.S. Cellular Field (Since 1991) Chicago, Illinois (Since 1900) 1994 Information Owner(s) Jerry Reinsdorf Manager(s) Gene Lamont Local television WGN-TV Local radio WMVP The 1994 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 95th season. ... Location U.S. Cellular Field (Since 1991) Chicago, Illinois (Since 1900) 1995 Information Owner(s) Jerry Reinsdorf Manager(s) Terry Bevington Local television WGN-TV Local radio WMVP The 1995 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 96th season. ... Location U.S. Cellular Field (Since 1991) Chicago, Illinois (Since 1900) 1996 Information Owner(s) Jerry Reinsdorf Manager(s) Terry Bevington Local television WGN-TV WCIU-TV Local radio WMVP The 1996 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 97th season. ... Location U.S. Cellular Field (Since 1991) Chicago, Illinois (Since 1900) 1997 Information Owner(s) Jerry Reinsdorf Manager(s) Terry Bevington Local television FOX Sports Net Chicago WGN-TV WCIU-TV Local radio WMVP The 1997 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 98th season. ... Location U.S. Cellular Field (Since 1991) Chicago, Illinois (Since 1900) 1998 Information Owner(s) Jerry Reinsdorf Manager(s) Jerry Manuel Local television FOX Sports Net Chicago WGN-TV WCIU-TV Local radio WMVP The 1998 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 99th season. ... Location U.S. Cellular Field (Since 1991) Chicago, Illinois (Since 1900) 1999 Information Owner(s) Jerry Reinsdorf Manager(s) Jerry Manuel Local television FOX Sports Net Chicago WGN-TV Local radio WMVP The 1999 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 100th season. ... Location U.S. Cellular Field (Since 1991) Chicago, Illinois (Since 1900) 2000 Information Owner(s) Jerry Reinsdorf Manager(s) Jerry Manuel Local television FOX Sports Net Chicago WGN-TV WCIU-TV Local radio WMVP The 2000 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 101st season. ... Location U.S. Cellular Field (Since 1991) Chicago, Illinois (Since 1900) 2001 Information Owner(s) Jerry Reinsdorf Manager(s) Jerry Manuel Local television FOX Sports Net Chicago WGN-TV WCIU-TV Local radio WMVP The 2001 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 102nd season. ... Location U.S. Cellular Field (Since 1991) Chicago, Illinois (Since 1900) 2002 Information Owner(s) Jerry Reinsdorf Manager(s) Jerry Manuel Local television FOX Sports Net Chicago WGN-TV WCIU-TV Local radio WMVP The 2002 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 103rd season. ... Location U.S. Cellular Field (Since 1991) Chicago, Illinois (Since 1900) 2003 Information Owner(s) Jerry Reinsdorf Manager(s) Jerry Manuel Local television FOX Sports Net Chicago WGN-TV WCIU-TV Local radio WMVP The 2003 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 104th season. ... Location U.S. Cellular Field (Since 1991) Chicago, Illinois (Since 1900) 2004 Information Owner(s) Jerry Reinsdorf Manager(s) Ozzie Guillén Local television FOX Sports Net Chicago WGN-TV WCIU-TV Local radio WMVP The 2004 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 105th season. ... Location U.S. Cellular Field (Since 1991) Chicago, Illinois (Since 1900) 2005 Information Owner(s) Jerry Reinsdorf Manager(s) Ozzie Guillén Local television FOX Sports Net Chicago WGN-TV WCIU-TV Local radio WMVP The 2005 Chicago White Sox season was the White Soxs 106th season. ... Major league affiliations American League (Since 1901) American League Central (Since 1994) 2006 Uniform Location U.S. Cellular Field (Since 1991) Chicago, Illinois (Since 1900) 2006 Information Owner(s) Jerry Reinsdorf Manager(s) Ozzie Guillén Local television Comcast SportsNet WGN-TV WCIU-TV Local radio WSCR The 2006 Chicago... Major league affiliations American League (Since 1901) American League Central (Since 1994) 2007 Uniform Location U.S. Cellular Field (Since 1991) Chicago, Illinois (Since 1900) 2007 Information Owner(s) Jerry Reinsdorf Manager(s) Ozzie Guillén Local Television Comcast SportsNet WGN-TV WCIU-TV Local Radio WSCR The Chicago White... Location Comiskey Park II (Since 1991) Chicago, Illinois (Since 1900) 2008 Information Owner(s) Jerry Reinsdorf Manager(s) Ozzie Guillén Local television CSN Chicago WGN-TV and Superstation WGN WCIU-TV Local radio WSCR WRTO (Spanish) // April May June July August September Game Logs: 1st Half: Chicago White Sox... Class-Level Triple-A (1993-Present) Double-A (1976-1992) Minor League affiliations International League South Division Southern League (1976-1992) Major League affiliation Chicago White Sox (1998-Present) Florida Marlins (1996-1997) Cleveland Indians (1993-1995) Chicago Cubs (1989-1992) Baltimore Orioles (1976-1988) Name Charlotte Knights (1989-Present... League Southern League Division South Division Year founded 1885 Major League affiliation Chicago White Sox Home ballpark Regions Park Previous home ballparks Rickwood Field City Hoover, Alabama Current uniform colors black, white, silver Previous uniform colors Logo design The wordmark Barons in black outlined in white and silver with the... League Carolina League Division Southern Division Year founded 1945 Major League affiliation Chicago White Sox Home ballpark Ernie Shore Field Previous home ballparks South Side Park City Winston-Salem, North Carolina Current uniform colors black, red, green Previous uniform colors Logo design A capital W in red outlined in black... The Kannapolis Intimidators is a minor league baseball team in Kannapolis, North Carolina. ... The Bristol White Sox are a minor league baseball team in Bristol, Virginia, USA. They are a Rookie-level team in the Appalachian League and have been a farm team of the Chicago White Sox since 1995. ... CSN Chicago is a member of the Comcast SportsNet network of regional sports networks that covers local sports teams in the Chicago area. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 5, 8, 10, 13, 18, 20, 24, 42 Name Cincinnati Reds (1958–present) Cincinnati Redlegs (1953-1958) Cincinnati Reds (1882-1953) Cincinnati Red Stockings (1876-1882) Other nicknames The Redlegs, The Big Red Machine... Cincinnati, Ohio viewed from the SW, across the Ohio River from Kentucky. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 5, 8, 10, 13, 18, 20, 24, 42 Name Cincinnati Reds (1958–present) Cincinnati Redlegs (1953-1958) Cincinnati Reds (1882-1953) Cincinnati Red Stockings (1876-1882) Other nicknames The Redlegs, The Big Red Machine... The following is the history of the Cincinnati Reds of Major League Baseball. ... This article lists the results of every season of the Cincinnati Reds or Major League Baseball. ... // Average: Cy Seymour, .377 (1905) On-base percentage: Joe Morgan, .466 (1975) Slugging Percentage: Ted Kluszewski, .642 (1954) OPS: Ted Kluszewski, 1. ...   The following is a list of players, both past and current, who appeared at least in one game for the Cincinnati Reds National League franchise (1890-1953, 1958-present), also known previously as the Cincinnati Red Stockings (1882-1889) and Cincinnati Redlegs (1953-1958). ... This is a list of all the Cincinnati Reds, USA, managers, the years they managed, their record per year, and where they finished in the division. ... Lee Allen (1943-44) Roger Baker (1939-41) Red Barber (1934-38) [*] Johnny Bench (1987-90) Dick Bray (1937-43) Jeff Brantley (starting 2007) Marty Brennaman (1974-present) [*] Thom Brennaman, son of Marty Brennaman (1989, returning 2007) Bill Brown (1976-82) Oatmeal Brown (1933) George Bryson (1956-60) Bob Burdette... The First Ballpark of the Cincinnati Reds Categories: | ... Avenue Grounds is a former baseball ground located in Cincinnati, OH. The ground was home to the Cincinnati Reds baseball club from April 25, 1876 to August 27, 1879. ... ... League Park was a baseball field that formerly stood in Cincinnati, Ohio. ... League Park was the name used for two different baseball parks that formerly stood in Cincinnati, Ohio. ... Palace of the Fans was a baseball stadium that formerly stood in Cincinnati, Ohio. ... Image:Http://www. ... For Riverfront Stadium located in Newark, New Jersey see Bears & Eagles Riverfront Stadium Riverfront Stadium, later known as Cinergy Field (1970 - 2002) was the home of the Cincinnati Reds National League baseball team and the Cincinnati Bengals National Football League team. ... Great American Ball Park is the home of the National Leagues Cincinnati Reds. ... Mr. ... The Big Red Machine is also the publicly used name of the Hells Angels biker gang. ... The Nasty Boys were a pitching trio from the Cincinnati Reds comprised of Norm Charlton, Rob Dibble and Randy Myers. ... The Dowd Report is the document describing the alleged transgressions of baseball player Pete Rose in betting on baseball, which precipitated his agreement to a lifetime suspension from the sport in the United States. ... The Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame was instituted in 1958 to recognize the career of former Cincinnati Reds players, managers and front-office executives. ... Partijschappen (factionalism) is the Dutch name for the dispute in Frisia that developed between the Schieringers and Vetkopers before 1350 and lasted until after 1500. ... John Lee Bench (born December 7, 1947 in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma), is a former baseball player for the Cincinnati Reds from 1967 to 1983, and is widely regarded as one of the greatest catchers in Major League Baseball history. ... John Alexander McPhee (November 1, 1859 _ January 3, 1943) was a 19th century Major League Baseball player. ... George Kenneth Griffey (born April 10, 1950 in Donora, Pennsylvania) is an American former Major League Baseball star. ... George Kenneth Griffey, Jr. ... Robert L. Howsam (born 1918, Denver, Colorado) is a former executive in American professional sport who, in 1959, played a key role in establishing two leagues – the American Football League, which succeeded and merged with the National Football League, and baseballs Continental League, which never played a game but... Samuel Paul Derringer (October 17, 1906 Springfield, KY - November 17, 1987 Sarasota, FL) was a pitcher with a 15 year career from 1931 to 1945. ... Barry Larkin in 2004 Barry Louis Larkin (born April 28, 1964 in Cincinnati, Ohio) is a former Major League Baseball player. ... Ernesto Natali (Ernie) Lombardi (born April 6, 1908 in Oakland, California — died September 26, 1977 in Santa Cruz, California), was a Major League Baseball catcher for the Brooklyn Robins, the Cincinnati Reds, the Boston Braves and the New York Giants during a Hall of Fame career that spanned 17 years... This article is about the former Major League Baseball player. ... This article is about the baseball player and manager. ... Atanasio Pérez Rigal, better known as Tony Pérez (born May 14, 1942 in Ciego de Ávila, Cuba), is a former player in Major League Baseball. ... Peter Edward Pete Rose, Sr. ... John Samuel Vander Meer born November 2, 1914 - October 6, 1997 in Prospect Park, New Jersey was a Major League Baseball pitcher. ... David Ismael Concepción Benitez (born June 17, 1948) is a former star shortstop in Major League Baseball. ... Theodore Bernard (Big Klu) Kluszewski (born September 10, 1924 — died March 29, 1988), was a Major League first baseman from 1947 to 1961. ... George Arthur Foster (born December 1, 1948, in Tuscaloosa, Alabama) is a former left fielder and right-handed batter in Major League Baseball who played for the San Francisco Giants, Cincinnati Reds, New York Mets and Chicago White Sox from 1969-1986. ... Joseph Henry Nuxhall (July 30, 1928 – November 15, 2007) was a Major League Baseball pitcher. ... Frederick Charles Hutchinson (August 12, 1919 – November 12, 1964) was an American pitcher and manager in Major League Baseball. ... John Lee Bench (born December 7, 1947 in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma), is a former baseball player for the Cincinnati Reds from 1967 to 1983, and is widely regarded as one of the greatest catchers in Major League Baseball history. ... This article is about the former Major League Baseball player. ... George Lee Sparky Anderson (born February 22, 1934 in Bridgewater, South Dakota) is fifth on the all-time list for manager career wins in Major League Baseball (behind Connie Mack, John McGraw, Tony La Russa and Bobby Cox) and is the first manager to win the World Series while leading... David Ismael Concepción Benitez (born June 17, 1948) is a former star shortstop in Major League Baseball. ... Theodore Bernard (Big Klu) Kluszewski (born September 10, 1924 — died March 29, 1988), was a Major League first baseman from 1947 to 1961. ... This article is about the baseball player and manager. ... Atanasio Pérez Rigal, better known as Tony Pérez (born May 14, 1942 in Ciego de Ávila, Cuba), is a former player in Major League Baseball. ... Jack Roosevelt Jackie Robinson (January 31, 1919 – October 24, 1972) became the first African-American major league baseball player of the modern era in 1947. ... Robert Castellini is an American businessman and on November 2, 2005 he became the Chief Executive Officer of the Cincinnati Reds, leading a group that purchased a majority share of the franchise from previous CEO Carl Lindner, Jr. ... Wayne Krivsky (born July 28, 1954 in Niagara Falls, New York), is currently the general manager of Major League Baseballs Cincinnati Reds franchise, a position he accepted on February 8, 2006. ... Johnnie B. Dusty Baker, Jr. ... Dates: October 1–October 9, 1919 MVP: none selected Television: N/A TV announcers: N/A Radio network: {{{radio_network}}} radio announcers: {{{radio_announcers}}} Umpires: Cy Rigler (NL), Billy Evans (AL), Ernie Quigley (NL), Dick Nallin (AL) Future Hall of Famers: Reds: Edd Roush. ... The 1940 World Series matched the Cincinnati Reds against the Detroit Tigers, with the Reds winning the Series in 7 games for their second championship, their first since the scandal-tainted victory in the 1919 World Series. ... The 1975 World Series was between the Boston Red Sox and Cincinnati Reds. ... The 1976 World Series matched the defending champion Cincinnati Reds of the National League against the New York Yankees of the American League, with the Reds sweeping the Series to repeat. ... Dates: October 16, 1990–October 20, 1990 MVP: Jose Rijo (Cincinnati) Television: CBS Announcers: Jack Buck and Tim McCarver Umpires: Frank Pulli (NL), Ted Hendry (AL), Jim Quick (NL), Rocky Roe (AL), Randy Marsh (NL), Larry Barnett (AL: Games 1 and 2), Bruce Froemming (NL: Games 3 and 4) ALCS... The following are the baseball events of the year 1919 throughout the world. ... == July == July 4 = Lou Gehrig day was held at Yankee Stadium,Lou said in his speech that he is the luckiest man on the face of the earth. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1940 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1961 throughout the world. ... The 1970 National League Championship Series was a match-up between the Eastern Division Champion Pittsburgh Pirates and the Western Division Champion Cincinnati Reds. ... The following are the events of the year 1972 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... The 1975 National League Championship Series was a best-of-five match-up between the Eastern Division Champion Pittsburgh Pirates and the Western Division Champion Cincinnati Reds. ... The 1976 National League Championship Series faced off the Cincinnati Reds (known for their nickname at the time, The Big Red Machine) and the Philadelphia Phillies. ... The 1990 National League Championship Series was played between the Cincinnati Reds and the Pittsburgh Pirates, with the Reds coming out on top in the series 4-2. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... 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This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... The Cincinnati Reds 1965 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League. ... The Cincinnati Reds 1966 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League. ... The Cincinnati Reds 1967 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League. ... The Cincinnati Reds 1968 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League. ... The Cincinnati Reds 1969 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League West. ... The Cincinnati Reds 1970 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds winning the National League West and the National League, and losing the World Series to the Baltimore Orioles. ... The Cincinnati Reds 1971 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League West. ... The Cincinnati Reds 1972 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds winning the National League West and the National League, and losing the World Series to the Oakland Athletics. ... The Cincinnati Reds 1973 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League West. ... The Cincinnati Reds 1974 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League West. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... The Cincinnati Reds 1977 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League West. ... The Cincinnati Reds 1978 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League West. ... The Cincinnati Reds 1979 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League West. ... The Cincinnati Reds 1980 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League West. ... The Cincinnati Reds 1981 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League West. ... The Cincinnati Reds 1982 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League West. ... The Cincinnati Reds 1983 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League West. ... The Cincinnati Reds 1984 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League West. ... The Cincinnati Reds 1985 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League West. ... The Cincinnati Reds 1986 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League West. ... The Cincinnati Reds 1987 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League West. ... The Cincinnati Reds 1988 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League West. ... The Cincinnati Reds 1989 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League West. ... The Cincinnati Reds 1990 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds winning the National League West, the National League, and the World Series. ... The Cincinnati Reds 1991 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League West. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... Location Great American Ball Park (Since 2003) Cincinnati, Ohio (Since 1876) 2004 Information Owner(s) Manager(s) Local television FSN Ohio Local radio WLW (700 AM) Stats ESPN.com BB-reference The Cincinnati Reds 2003 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League Central division. ... Location Great American Ball Park (Since 2003) Cincinnati, Ohio (Since 1876) 2004 Information Owner(s) Manager(s) Local television FSN Ohio Local radio WLW (700 AM) Stats ESPN.com BB-reference The Cincinnati Reds 2004 season included the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League Central division. ... Location Great American Ball Park (Since 2003) Cincinnati, Ohio (Since 1876) 2005 Information Owner(s) Manager(s) Local television FSN Ohio Local radio WLW (700 AM) Stats ESPN.com BB-reference The Cincinnati Reds 2005 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League Central Division. ... Location Great American Ball Park (Since 2003) Cincinnati, Ohio (Since 1876) 2006 Information Owner(s) Robert Castellini Manager(s) Jerry Narron Local television FSN Ohio Local radio WLW (700 AM) Stats ESPN.com BB-reference The Cincinnati Reds 2006 season included the Reds attempting to win the NL Central divison... Major league affiliations National League (Since 1890) Central Division (Since 1994) 2007 Uniform Location Great American Ball Park (Since 2003) Cincinnati, Ohio (Since 1876) 2007 Information Owner(s) Manager(s) Local Television Local Radio The Cincinnati Reds 2007 season will start off with the Cincinnati Reds trying to win the... The Cincinnati Reds 2008 season will be the upcoming season for the Cincinnati Reds. ... Categories: Minor league baseball teams | Louisville sports | Baseball stubs ... Class-Level Double-A (1885-present) Minor League affiliations Southern League (1885-1895, 1901-1902, 1976-Present) Northern Division Southern Association (1910-1965) Major League affiliations Cincinnati Reds (1987-Present) Seattle Mariners (1983-1986) Cleveland Indians (1978-1982) Oakland Athletics (1976-1977) Philadelphia Phillies (1960-1961), (1963-1965) Washington Senators... The Sarasota Reds are a minor league baseball team based in Sarasota, Florida. ... League Midwest League Division Eastern Division Year founded 1998 Major League affiliation Cincinnati Reds Home ballpark Fifth Third Field Previous home ballparks None City Dayton, Ohio Current uniform colors black, green, white, and orange Previous uniform colors None Logo design The wordmark Dragons in white outlined in black and green. ... The Billings Mustangs are a minor league baseball team based in Billings, Montana. ... The Gulf Coast Reds are the Rookie Level minor league affiliate of the Cincinnati Reds. ... [ [ Image:VSL.gif|experiencia del ninguna de párrafo jugadores de poca o del liga del una de liga venezolana del verano es del la del derecha del la ] ] . en Venezuela de Aragua y Carabobo de los estados de los los del en del funciona del liga del la. ...

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AllRefer.com - Black Sox scandal, Sport (Sports) - Encyclopedia (203 words)
Black Sox scandal, episode in which eight members of the Chicago White Sox, the American League champions, were banned from baseball in 1921 for having conspired with gamblers to throw the 1919 World Series to the Cincinnati Reds.
The best-known of the "Black Sox" was Shoeless Joe Jackson.
The immense, rising popularity of Babe Ruth is thought to have counteracted the damage done to professional baseball by the Black Sox.
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