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Encyclopedia > Black Sabbath
Black Sabbath

The original and present Black Sabbath, picture taken in 1970. From left to right: Bill Ward, Ozzy Osbourne, Tony Iommi, and Geezer Butler
Background information
Origin Birmingham, England
Genre(s) Heavy metal
Years active 1968–present
Label(s) Vertigo, Warner Bros., Sanctuary, I.R.S., Reprise, Epic
Associated acts Deep Purple, Heaven and Hell, GZR, Rainbow, Dio, Electric Light Orchestra
Website www.blacksabbath.com
Members
Ozzy Osbourne
Tony Iommi
Geezer Butler
Bill Ward
Former members
See: List of Black Sabbath band members

Black Sabbath are an English Heavy metal band from Birmingham, England. Formed in 1968 by Ozzy Osbourne (lead vocals), Tony Iommi (guitar), Geezer Butler (bass guitar), and Bill Ward (drums & percussion), the band has since experienced multiple lineup changes, with a total of twenty-two former members. Originally formed as a heavy blues-rock band named Earth, the band began incorporating occult and horror-inspired lyrics with tuned-down guitars, changing their name to Black Sabbath and releasing multiple gold and platinum records in the 1970s. Black Sabbath can refer to: Black Sabbath, the first heavy metal band Black Sabbath (album), their first album Black Sabbath (song), their signature song Sabbath (witchcraft), the witchcraft ritual Operation Agatha, the 1946 British arrests of Jewish paramilitaries sometimes referred to as the Black Sabbath Black Sabbath (film), 1963 film... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ozzy redirects here. ... Frank Anthony Tony Iommi (born February 19, 1948, in Aston, Birmingham, England) is a guitarist best known for his tenure in the heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the British city. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Heavy metal redirects here. ... In the music industry, a record label can be a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... Vertigo Records was the name Philips Records chose in the sixties for its record label to counter the progressive labels of its rivals EMI (with Harvest Records) and Decca Records (with Deram Records). ... Warner Bros. ... Sanctuary Records is a record label based in the United Kingdom and a subsidiary of Universal Records. ... I.R.S. Records was a record label, started in the US in 1979 by Miles Copeland III along with Jay Boberg and Carl Grasso. ... Reprise Records is an American record label, owned by Warner Music Group, operated through Warner Bros. ... Epic Records is an American record label, owned and operated by Sony BMG. // Epic was launched originally as a jazz and classical music label in 1953 by CBS. Its bright-yellow, black and blue logo became a familiar trademark for many jazz and classical releases. ... This article is about the rock band. ... Heaven and Hell is a musical collaboration featuring Black Sabbath members Tony Iommi and Geezer Butler along with former members Ronnie James Dio and Vinny Appice. ... GZR, circa 2005 (L-R): Chad Smith, Geezer Butler, Clark Brown, & Pedro Howse GZR is a band led by Black Sabbath bassist/lyricist Geezer Butler. ... Rainbow were a hard rock and heavy metal band formed by former Deep Purple guitarist Ritchie Blackmore in 1975. ... Dio is a heavy metal band led by vocalist Ronnie James Dio, who formed it in October 1982 after leaving Black Sabbath. ... ELO redirects here. ... Ozzy redirects here. ... Frank Anthony Tony Iommi (born February 19, 1948, in Aston, Birmingham, England) is a guitarist best known for his tenure in the heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Black Sabbaths lineup has changed regularly since its formation. ... Heavy metals, in chemistry, are chemical elements of a particular range of atomic weights. ... This article is about the British city. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Ozzy redirects here. ... In music a singer or vocalist is a type of musician who sings, i. ... Frank Anthony Tony Iommi (born February 19, 1948, in Aston, Birmingham, England) is a guitarist best known for his tenure in the heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A sunburst-colored Fender Precision Bass The electric bass guitar (or electric bass[1][2]; pronounced , as in base) is a bass stringed instrument played primarily with the fingers (either by plucking, slapping, popping, or tapping) or using a pick. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A drum kit (or drum set or trap set) is a collection of drums, cymbals and sometimes other percussion instruments, such as a cowbell, wood block, chimes or tambourines, arranged for convenient playing by a single drummer. ... Percussion redirects here. ... Blues Rock or Blues-rock is a fusion genre of music which combines elements of the blues with rock and roll. ...


As one of the most influential heavy metal bands of all time, Black Sabbath helped define the genre with releases such as 1970's quadruple-platinum Paranoid.[1] Black Sabbath has sold more than 100 million albums worldwide,[2] and were ranked number one on MTV's Greatest Metal Bands countdown.[3] Ozzy Osbourne was fired from the band in 1979, and while initially replaced by former Rainbow vocalist Ronnie James Dio, Black Sabbath would see a revolving lineup in the 1980s and 1990s that included vocalists Ian Gillan, Glenn Hughes, Ray Gillen and Tony Martin. The original lineup reunited with Osbourne in 1997 and released a live album, Reunion, which spawned the Grammy Award winning single "Iron Man" in 2000, thirty years after the song's initial release on Paranoid. Heavy metal redirects here. ... Paranoid is the second album by British heavy metal band Black Sabbath, and contains some of their most famous work, including the songs Iron Man, War Pigs, and the title track Paranoid. ... Rainbow were a hard rock and heavy metal band formed by former Deep Purple guitarist Ritchie Blackmore in 1975. ... Ronnie James Dio (born Ronald James Padavona on July 10, 1942 in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, USA), is an American heavy metal vocalist who has performed with Elf, Rainbow, Black Sabbath, and his own band Dio. ... Ian Gillan (born 19 August 1945 in Hounslow, London), is an English rock music vocalist best known as the lead singer for Deep Purple. ... For the Village People member see Glenn Hughes (American singer). ... Ray Gillen (May 12, 1959 - December 1, 1993) was a singer best known for his work with the bands Black Sabbath, Badlands and Phenomena. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Iron Man is a signature song of Birmingham, England heavy metal pioneers Black Sabbath. ...


Currently, the early 1980s line-up featuring Iommi, Butler, Dio, and Vinny Appice are recording a new album under the moniker Heaven and Hell, a title taken from the 1980 Black Sabbath album of the same name. Vinny Appice (born September 13, 1957 in Brooklyn, New York) is a rock drummer, best known for his work with the bands Dio and Black Sabbath. ... Heaven and Hell is a musical collaboration featuring Black Sabbath members Tony Iommi and Geezer Butler along with former members Ronnie James Dio and Vinny Appice. ... Heaven and Hell is an album by Black Sabbath, released in May 1980 (see 1980 in music). ...

Contents

History

Formation and early days (1968–1969)

Following the breakup of their previous band Mythology in 1968, guitarist Tony Iommi and drummer Bill Ward sought to form a heavy blues band in Aston, Birmingham, England. The group enlisted bassist Geezer Butler, and vocalist Ozzy Osbourne, who had played together in a band called Rare Breed. The new group was initially named The Polka Tulk Blues Company, and also featured slide guitarist Jimmy Phillips and saxophonist Alan "Aker" Clarke. After shortening the name to Polka Tulk, the band changed their name to Earth, and continued as a four-piece without Phillips and Clarke.[4][5] Frank Anthony Tony Iommi (born February 19, 1948, in Aston, Birmingham, England) is a guitarist best known for his tenure in the heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Aston (disambiguation). ... This article is about the British city. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ozzy redirects here. ...


Earth played club shows in England, Denmark, and Germany, with sets consisting of cover songs by Jimi Hendrix, Blue Cheer, and Cream; as well as lengthy improvised blues jams. In December 1968, Tony Iommi abruptly left Earth to join Jethro Tull.[6] Although his stint with the band would be short-lived, Iommi made an appearance with Jethro Tull on the The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus TV show. Unsatisfied with the direction of Jethro Tull, Iommi returned to Earth in January 1969. "It just wasn't right, so I left", Iommi said. "At first I thought Tull were great, but I didn't much go for having a leader in the band, which was Ian Anderson's way. When I came back from Tull, I came back with a new attitude altogether. They taught me that to get on you got to work for it".[7] In pop music a cover version is a new rendition of a previously recorded song. ... Jimi Hendrix (November 27, 1942 – September 18, 1970) was an American guitar virtuoso, singer and songwriter. ... Blue Cheer is a San Francisco-based rock group of the late 1960s and early 1970s, who helped to pioneer heavy metal music. ... Cream were a 1960s British rock band comprising guitarist Eric Clapton, bassist Jack Bruce and drummer Ginger Baker. ... Improvisation is the act of making something up as you go along. ... For the 18th-century agriculturist after whom the band was named, see Jethro Tull (agriculturist). ... For the album of the same name, see The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus (album) The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus is a film released in 1996 of a December 11, 1968 event put together by The Rolling Stones. ... This article is about the lead singer of Jethro Tull. ...


While playing shows in England in 1969, the band discovered they were being mistaken for another English group named Earth, and decided to again change their name. A movie theater across the street from the band's rehearsal room was showing the 1963 Boris Karloff horror film Black Sabbath. While watching people line up to see the film, Osbourne noted that it was "strange that people spend so much money to see scary movies".[8] Butler wrote a song titled "Black Sabbath" after reading a book by occult writer Dennis Wheatley, and seeing a black-hooded figure standing at the foot of his bed.[9] Making use of the musical tritone, also known as "The Devil's Interval", the song's ominous sound and dark lyrics pushed the band in a darker direction, a stark contrast to the popular music of the late 1960s, which was dominated by flower power, folk music, and hippie culture. Inspired by the new sound, the band changed their name to Black Sabbath in August 1969, and made the decision to focus writing similar material, in an attempt to create the musical equivalent of horror films. Boris Karloff (born William Henry Pratt) (November 23, 1887 – February 2, 1969) was an English actor who emigrated to Canada in the 1910s. ... I Tre volti della paura or Black Sabbath (1963) was a Italian gothic horror movie directed by Mario Bava. ... Black Sabbath is a song by the heavy metal pioneers of the same name. ... For other uses, see Occult (disambiguation). ... Dennis Wheatley (8 January 1897-10 November 1977) was a British writer born in London. ... For other uses, see Tritone (disambiguation). ... A bus covered with Hippie slogans and flowers Flower power was a slogan used by hippies in the late 1960s and early 1970s as a symbol of the non-violence ideology. ... Folk song redirects here. ... Flower Power Bus Hippie (also hippy) is a term originally used to describe some of the rebellious youth of the 1960s and 1970s. ...


Black Sabbath and Paranoid (1970–1971)

Black Sabbath were signed to Philips Records in December 1969, and released their first single, "Evil Woman" through Philips subsidiary Fontana Records in January 1970. Later releases were handled by Philips' newly formed progressive rock label, Vertigo Records. Although the single failed to chart, the band were afforded two days of studio time in late January to record their debut album with producer Rodger Bain. Iommi recalls recording live: "We thought 'We have two days to do it and one of the days is mixing.' So we played live. Ozzy was singing at the same time, we just put him in a separate booth and off we went. We never had a second run of most of the stuff."[10] Philips Records is a record label that was founded by Dutch electronics giant Philips. ... Fontana Records was a record label active in the United Kingdom and the United States in the 1960s, as a subsiduary of the Dutch Phillips company. ... Vertigo Records was the name Philips Records chose in the sixties for its record label to counter the progressive labels of its rivals EMI (with Harvest Records) and Decca Records (with Deram Records). ... Rodger Bain was the producer of Black Sabbaths first three albums and Judas Priests first one, Rocka Rolla. ...


The eponymous Black Sabbath was released on Friday the 13th, February 1970. The album reached number 8 in the UK, and following its US release in May 1970 by Warner Bros. Records, the album reached number 23 on the Billboard 200, where it remained for over a year, selling a million copies.[11][12] While the album was a commercial success, it was widely panned by critics, with Lester Bangs of Rolling Stone dismissing the album as "discordant jams with bass and guitar reeling like velocitised speedfreaks all over each other's musical perimeters, yet never quite finding synch".[13] Black Sabbath is the self-titled debut album of the British heavy metal band Black Sabbath, released in the UK on Friday 13 February 1970. ... This article is about the superstition. ... Warner Bros. ... Billboard can refer to: Billboard magazine Billboard (advertising) Billboard antenna In 3D computer graphics, to billboard is to rotate an object so that it faces the viewer. ... Lester Bangs during an interview Leslie Conway Bangs (December 14, 1948 – April 30, 1982) was an American music journalist, author and musician. ... This article is about the magazine. ...


To capitalise on their chart success in the US, the band quickly returned to the studio in June 1970, just four months after Black Sabbath was released. The new album was initially set to be named "War Pigs" after the track of the same name, which was critical of the Vietnam War. However Warner changed the title of the album to Paranoid, fearing backlash by supporters of the Vietnam War. The album's lead-off single "Paranoid" was written in the studio at the last minute. As Bill Ward explains: "We didn't have enough songs for the album, and Tony just played the (Paranoid) guitar lick and that was it. It took twenty, twenty-five minutes from top to bottom."[14] The single was released prior to the album in September 1970, and reached number four on the UK charts, remaining Black Sabbath's only top ten hit.[12] War Pigs is an anti-war song by British heavy metal band Black Sabbath from their 1970 album, Paranoid. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... Paranoid is the second album by British heavy metal band Black Sabbath, and contains some of their most famous work, including the songs Iron Man, War Pigs, and the title track Paranoid. ... Paranoid is a song by Black Sabbath that appears on the bands breakthrough album Paranoid. ...


Black Sabbath released their second full-length album, Paranoid in the UK in October 1970. Pushed by the success of the "Paranoid" single, the album hit number one in the UK. The US release was held until January 1971, as the Black Sabbath album was still on the charts at the time of Paranoid's UK release. The album broke into the top ten in the US in March 1971, and would go on to sell four million copies in the US, with virtually no radio airplay.[12] The album was again panned by rock critics of the era, but modern-day reviewers such as Allmusic's Steve Huey cite Paranoid as "one of the greatest and most influential heavy metal albums of all time", which "defined the sound and style of heavy metal more than any other record in rock history".[1] Paranoid's chart success allowed the band to tour the US for the first time in December 1970, which spawned the release of the album's second single "Iron Man". Although the single failed to reach the top 40, "Iron Man" remains one of Black Sabbath's most popular songs, as well as the bands highest charting US single until 1998's "Psycho Man".[11] Paranoid is the second album by British heavy metal band Black Sabbath, and contains some of their most famous work, including the songs Iron Man, War Pigs, and the title track Paranoid. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a large, comprehensive and high quality metadata database about music. ... Iron Man is a signature song of Birmingham, England heavy metal pioneers Black Sabbath. ... Psycho-Man is a fictional supervillain from Marvel Comics, created by Jack Kirby and Stan Lee. ...


Master of Reality and Volume 4 (1971–1973)

In February 1971, Black Sabbath returned to the studio to begin work on their third album. Following the chart success of Paranoid, the band were afforded more studio time, along with a "briefcase full of cash" to purchase drugs.[15] "We were getting into coke, bigtime", Ward explained. "Uppers, downers, Quaaludes, whatever you like. It got to the stage where you come up with ideas and forget them, because you were just so out of it."[16] For other uses, see Cocaine (disambiguation). ... Methaqualone1 is an addictive, sedative drug. ...


Production completed in April 1971, and in July the band released Master of Reality, just six months after the release of Paranoid. The album reached the top ten in both the US and UK, and was certified gold in less than two months, eventually receiving platinum certification in the 1980s. Master of Reality contained Black Sabbath's first acoustic songs, alongside fan favorites such as "Children of the Grave" and "Sweet Leaf".[17] Critical response of the era was again unfavorable, with Lester Bangs of Rolling Stone dismissing Master of Reality as "naive, simplistic, repetitive, absolute doggerel", although the very same magazine would later place the album at number 298 on their 500 Greatest Albums of All Time list, compiled in 2003.[18] Master of Reality is the third album by heavy metal band Black Sabbath, released in 1971 (see 1971 in music). ... Look up Acoustic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary For the study of sound, a branch of physics, see acoustics. ... Black Sabbath originally recorded Sweet Leaf in 1971. ... Lester Bangs during an interview Leslie Conway Bangs (December 14, 1948 – April 30, 1982) was an American music journalist, author and musician. ... Rolling Stones 500 Greatest Albums of All Time, Magazine Cover, November 2003. ...


Following the Master of Reality world tour in 1972, Black Sabbath took its first break in three years. As Bill Ward explained: "The band started to become very fatigued and very tired. We'd been on the road non-stop, year in and year out, constantly touring and recording. I think Master of Reality was kind of like the end of an era, the first three albums, and we decided to take our time with the next album."[19]


In June 1972, the band reconvened in Los Angeles to begin work on their next album at the Record Plant. The recording process was plagued with problems, many due to substance abuse issues. While struggling to record the song "Cornucopia" after "sitting in the middle of the room, just doing drugs",[20] Bill Ward was nearly fired from the band. "I hated the song, there were some patterns that were just... horrible" Ward said. "I nailed it in the end, but the reaction I got was the cold shoulder from everybody. It was like 'Well, just go home, you're not being of any use right now.' I felt like I'd blown it, I was about to get fired".[21] The album was originally titled "Snowblind" after the song of the same name, which deals with cocaine abuse. The record company changed the title at the last minute to Black Sabbath, Vol 4, with Ward stating "There was no Volume 1, 2 or 3, so it's a pretty stupid title really".[22] Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Record Plant Studios (also known as just The Record Plant) is a famous recording studio, first opening in New York City at 321 West 44th Street map, in 1968. ... Also see Alcoholism and Drug addiction. ... For other uses, see Cocaine (disambiguation). ... Black Sabbath Vol 4 is the fourth studio album by British heavy metal band Black Sabbath, released in 1972 (see 1972 in music). ...


Black Sabbath's Volume 4 was released in September 1972, and while critics of the era were again dismissive of the album, it achieved gold status in less than a month, and was the band's fourth consecutive release to sell a million copies in the US.[11] With more time in the studio, Volume 4 saw the band starting to experiment with new textures, such as strings, piano, orchestration and multi-part songs.[23] The song "Tomorrow's Dream" was released as a single - the band's first since Paranoid - but failed to chart.[24] Following an extensive tour of the US, the band traveled to Australia for the first time in 1973, and later Europe. Black Sabbath also appeared on England's Top of the Pops in 1973, sharing the stage with such diverse acts as Engelbert Humperdink and Diana Ross. Black Sabbath Vol 4 is the fourth studio album by British heavy metal band Black Sabbath, released in 1972 (see 1972 in music). ... Black Sabbath Vol 4 is the fourth studio album by British heavy metal band Black Sabbath, released in 1972 (see 1972 in music). ... Top of the Pops, also known as TOTP, was a long-running British music chart television programme, made and broadcast by the BBC. It was originally shown each week, mostly on BBC One, from 1 January 1964 to 30 July 2006. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... For the author-illustrator, see Diana Ross (author). ...


Sabbath, Bloody Sabbath and Sabotage (1973–1976)

Following the Volume 4 world tour, Black Sabbath returned to Los Angeles to begin work on their next release. Pleased with the Volume 4 album, the band sought to recreate the recording atmosphere, and returned to the Record Plant studio in Los Angeles. With new musical innovations of the era, the band were surprised to find that the room they had used previously at the Record Plant was replaced by a "giant synthesiser". The band rented a house in Bel Air and began writing in the summer of 1973, but due in part to substance issues and fatigue, were unable to complete any songs. "Ideas weren't coming out the way they were on Volume 4 and we really got discontent" Iommi said. "Everybody was sitting there waiting for me to come up with something. I just couldn't think of anything. And if I didn't come up with anything, nobody would do anything."[25] Bel Air is the name of several places in the United States of America: Bel Air, Alabama Bel Air, Los Angeles, California Bel Air, Kentucky Bel Air, Maryland Bel Air, Tennessee Bel Air, Texas Bel Air, Virginia (two places): in Fairfax County in Stafford County Outside America: Bel Air, Mauritius...

Tony Iommi and Ozzy Osbourne on stage at the California Jam festival on April 6, 1974. Portions of the show were telecast on ABC in the US, exposing the band to a new audience.
Tony Iommi and Ozzy Osbourne on stage at the California Jam festival on April 6, 1974. Portions of the show were telecast on ABC in the US, exposing the band to a new audience.

After a month in Los Angeles with no results, the band opted to return to England, where they rented Clearwell Castle in The Forest of Dean. "We rehearsed in the dungeons and it was really creepy but it had some atmosphere, it conjured up things, and stuff started coming out again".[26] While working in the dungeon, Iommi stumbled onto the main riff of "Sabbath Bloody Sabbath", which set the tone for the new material.Recorded at Morgan Studios in London by Mike Butcher and building off the stylistic changes introduced on Volume 4, new songs incorporated synthesisers, strings, and complex arrangements. Yes keyboardist Rick Wakeman was brought in as a session player, appearing on "Sabbra Cadabra" and "Who Are You".[27] Image File history File links BlackSabbath19720012200. ... Image File history File links BlackSabbath19720012200. ... California Jam was a rock music festival concert held at the Ontario Motor Speedway in Ontario, California on April 6, 1974. ... Sabbath, Bloody Sabbath is a heavy metal song by British group, Black Sabbath. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sabbath Bloody Sabbath is the fifth studio album by the British heavy metal band Black Sabbath, released in 1973 (see 1973 in music). ... For other uses, see Who Are You (disambiguation). ...


In November 1974, Black Sabbath released the critically-acclaimed Sabbath, Bloody Sabbath. For the first time in their career, the band began to receive favorable reviews in the mainstream press, with Gordon Fletcher of Rolling Stone calling the album "an extraordinarily gripping affair", and "nothing less than a complete success".[28] Later reviewers such as All Music's Ed Rivadavia cite the album as a "masterpiece, essential to any heavy metal collection", while also displaying "a newfound sense of finesse and maturity".[29] The album marked the band's fifth consecutive platinum selling album in the US, reaching number four on the UK charts, and number eleven in the US. The band began a world tour in January 1974, which culminated at the California Jam festival in Ontario, California on April 6, 1974. Attracting over 200,000 fans, Black Sabbath appeared alongside such 70's pop giants as Emerson Lake & Palmer, Deep Purple, Earth, Wind & Fire, Seals & Crofts, and The Eagles. Portions of the show were telecast on ABC Television in the US, exposing the band to a wider American audience. In 1974 the band shifted management, signing with notorious English manager Don Arden. The move caused a contractual dispute with Black Sabbath's former management, and while on stage in the US, Ozzy was handed a subpoena that led to two years of litigation.[25] Track listing Sabbath, Bloody Sabbath A National Acrobat Fluff Sabbra Cadabra Killing Yourself to Live Who Are You? Looking For Today Spiral Architect ... California Jam was a rock music festival concert held at the Ontario Motor Speedway in Ontario, California on April 6, 1974. ... Ontario is a city located in San Bernardino County, California, United States. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... ELP can also stand for Extra Long Play, a format for the VCR tape. ... This article is about the rock band. ... For the elements, see classical elements. ... Seals and Crofts are Jim Seals (17 October 1941) and Dash Crofts (14 August 1940), a popular soft rock duo in the early 1970s. ... The Eagles are an American rock music group that originally came together in Los Angeles, California in the early 1970s. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American television network. ... Don Arden (born Harry Levy, (January 4, 1926 – July 21, 2007) was an English music manager, agent and businessman, best known for overseeing the careers of rock groups The Small Faces, Electric Light Orchestra and Black Sabbath. ...


Black Sabbath began work on their sixth album in February 1975, again in England at Morgan Studios in Willesden, this time with a decisive vision to differ the sound from Sabbath, Bloody Sabbath. "We could've continued and gone on and on, getting more technical, using orchestras and everything else which we didn't particularly want to. We took a look at ourselves, and we wanted to do a rock album - Sabbath, Bloody Sabbath wasn't a rock album, really."[30] Produced by Black Sabbath and Mike Butcher, Sabotage was released in July 1975. Again the album initially saw favorable reviews, with Rolling Stone stating "Sabotage is not only Black Sabbath's best record since Paranoid, it might be their best ever",[31] although later reviewers such as All Music Guide noted that "the magical chemistry that made such albums as Paranoid and Volume 4 so special was beginning to disintegrate".[32] Willesden is an area in North West London which forms part of the London Borough of Brent. ... Sabotage is a 1975 album by heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ...


Sabotage reached the top 20 in both the US and the UK, but was the band's first release not to achieve platinum status in the US. Although the album's only single "Am I Going Insane (Radio)" failed to chart, Sabotage features fan favorites such as "Hole in the Sky", and "Symptom of the Universe".[32] Black Sabbath toured in support of Sabotage with openers Kiss, but were forced to cut the tour short in November 1975, following a motorcycle accident in which Ozzy ruptured a muscle in his back. In December 1975, the band's record companies released a greatest hits record without input from the band, entitled We Sold Our Soul for Rock 'n' Roll. The album charted throughout 1976, eventually selling two million copies in the US. Sabotage is a 1975 album by heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... Hole in the Sky is a metal festival located in Bergen, Norway. ... Symptom of the Universe may refer to: Symptom of the Universe (song), a song by Black Sabbath on their 1975 album Sabotage (album) Symptom of the Universe: The Original Black Sabbath 1970-1978, a Black Sabbath compilation album released in 2002 Category: ... Kiss is an American rock band formed in New York City in January 1973. ... For other uses, see Motorcycle (disambiguation). ... For a list of albums known simply as Greatest Hits, see List of albums titled Greatest Hits. ... We Sold Our Soul for Rock n Roll was a compilation album by Black Sabbath. ...


Technical Ecstasy and Never Say Die! (1976–1979)

Black Sabbath began work for their next album at Criteria Studios in Miami, Florida, in June 1976. To expand their sound, the band added keyboard player Gerry Woodruffe, who also appeared to a lesser extent on Sabotage. Technical Ecstasy, released on September 25, 1976, was met with mixed reviews. All Music Guide gave the album two stars, and noted that the band was "unraveling at an alarming rate".[33] The album featured less of the doomy, ominous sound of previous efforts, and incorporated more synthesisers and uptempo rock songs. Technical Ecstasy failed to reach the top 50 in the US, and was the band's second consecutive release not to achieve platinum status, although it was later certified gold in 1997. The album included "Dirty Women", which remains a live staple, as well as Bill Ward's first lead vocal on the song "It's Alright". Touring in support of Technical Ecstasy began in November 1976, with openers Boston and Ted Nugent in the US, and completed in Europe with AC/DC in April 1977. Criteria Studios is a music studio in Miami, Florida started in 1958 by Mack Emerman. ... Technical Ecstasy is the 1976 album from heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Technical Ecstasy is the 1976 album from heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... Boston is an American rock band from Boston, Massachusetts that achieved its most notable successes during the 1970s and 1980s. ... Theodore Ted Nugent (born December 13, 1948) (a. ... This article is about the band. ...


In November 1977, while in rehearsal for their next album, and just days before the band was set to enter the studio, Ozzy Osbourne quit the band. "The last Sabbath albums were just very depressing for me", Ozzy said. "I was doing it for the sake of what we could get out of the record company, just to get fat on beer and put a record out."[34] Former Fleetwood Mac and Savoy Brown vocalist Dave Walker was brought into rehearsals in October 1977 and the band began working on new songs.[11] On January 8, 1978, Black Sabbath made their first and only appearance with Walker on vocals, playing an early version of the song "Junior's Eyes" on the BBC Television program "Look! Hear!". This article is about the band. ... Savoy Brown is a British blues band formed in the 1960s, originally known as the Savoy Brown Blues Band. ... http://www. ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ...

Tony Iommi in 2005.
Tony Iommi in 2005.

Osbourne initially set out to form a solo project, which featured ex-Dirty Tricks members John Frazer-Binnie, Terry Horbury, and Andy Bierne. As the new band were in rehearsals in January 1978, Osbourne had a change of heart and rejoined Black Sabbath. "Three days before we were due to go into the studio, Ozzy wanted to come back to the band," Iommi explained. "He wouldn't sing any of the stuff we'd written with the other guy, so it made it very difficult. We went into the studio with basically no songs. We'd write in the morning so we could rehearse and record at night. It was so difficult, like a conveyor belt, because you couldn't get time to reflect on stuff. 'Is this right? Is this working properly?' It was very difficult for me to come up with the ideas and putting them together that quick."[34] To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


The band spent five months at Sounds Interchange Studios in Toronto, Canada, writing and recording what would become Never Say Die!. "It took quite a long time," Iommi said. "We were getting really drugged out, doing a lot of dope. We'd go down to the sessions, and have to pack up because we were too stoned, we'd have to stop. Nobody could get anything right, we were all over the place, everybody's playing a different thing. We'd go back and sleep it off, and try again the next day."[34] The album was released in September 1978, reaching number twelve in the UK, and number 69 in the US. Press response was again unfavorable, with Ed Rivadavia of All Music Guide stating that the album's "unfocused songs perfectly reflected the band's tense personnel problems and drug abuse."[35] The album featured the singles "Never Say Die" and "Hard Road", both of which cracked the top 40 in the UK, and the band made their second appearance on the Top of the Pops, performing "Never Say Die". Motto: Diversity Our Strength Map of Ontario Counties, Toronto being red Area: 641 sq. ... Never Say Die! is an album by heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a metadata database about music, owned by All Media Guide. ... Never Say Die is the title track from the 1978 album Never Say Die! by Black Sabbath. ... Top of the Pops, also known as TOTP, was a long-running British music chart television programme, made and broadcast by the BBC. It was originally shown each week, mostly on BBC One, from 1 January 1964 to 30 July 2006. ...


Touring in support of Never Say Die! began in May 1978 with openers Van Halen. Reviewers called Black Sabbath's performance "tired and uninspired", a stark contrast to the "youthful" performance of Van Halen, who were touring the world for the first time.[36] The band filmed a performance at the Hammersmith Odeon in June 1978, which was later released on DVD as Never Say Die. The final show of the tour, and Osbourne's last appearance with the band (until later reunions) was in Albuquerque, New Mexico on December 11. This article is about the band Van Halen. ... The Apollo, Hammersmith, London has been a rock venue for decades, and was originally known as the Hammersmith Odeon. ... Albuquerque redirects here. ...


Following the tour, Black Sabbath returned to Los Angeles and again rented a house in Bel Air, where they spent nearly a year working on material for the next album. With pressure from the record label, and frustrations with Osbourne's lack of ideas coming to a head, the band decided to fire Ozzy Osbourne in 1979. "At that time, Ozzy had come to an end", Iommi said. "We were all doing a lot of drugs, a lot of coke, a lot of everything, and Ozzy was getting drunk so much at the time. We were supposed to be rehearsing and nothing was happening. It was like 'Rehearse today? No, we'll do it tomorrow.' It really got so bad that we didn't do anything. It just fizzled out."[37] Drummer Bill Ward, who was close with Ozzy, was chosen to break the news to the singer. "I hope I was professional, I might not have been, actually. When I'm drunk I am horrible, I am horrid," Ward said. "Alcohol was definitely one of the most damaging things to Black Sabbath. We were destined to destroy each other. The band were toxic, very toxic."[38]


Heaven and Hell and Mob Rules (1979–1982)

Sharon Arden, (later Sharon Osbourne) daughter of Black Sabbath manager Don Arden, suggested former Rainbow vocalist Ronnie James Dio to replace Ozzy Osbourne in 1979.[citation needed] Dio officially joined in June, and the band began writing their next album. With a notably different vocal style than Osbourne, Dio's addition to the band marked a change in Black Sabbath's sound. "They were totally different altogether", Iommi explains. "Not only voice-wise, but attitude-wise. Ozzy was a great showman, but when Dio came in, it was a different attitude, a different voice and a different musical approach, as far as vocals. Dio would sing across the riff, whereas Ozzy would follow the riff, like in "Iron Man". Ronnie came in and gave us another angle on writing."[39] Sharon Rachel Osbourne (née Levy, previously Arden; born 9 October 1952) is an English music manager and promoter, television personality and presenter. ... Don Arden (born Harry Levy, (January 4, 1926 – July 21, 2007) was an English music manager, agent and businessman, best known for overseeing the careers of rock groups The Small Faces, Electric Light Orchestra and Black Sabbath. ... Rainbow were a hard rock and heavy metal band formed by former Deep Purple guitarist Ritchie Blackmore in 1975. ... Ronnie James Dio (born Ronald James Padavona on July 10, 1942 in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, USA), is an American heavy metal vocalist who has performed with Elf, Rainbow, Black Sabbath, and his own band Dio. ... Ozzy redirects here. ...


Geezer Butler temporarily left the band in September 1979, and was initially replaced by Geoff Nicholls of Quartz on bass. The new lineup returned to Criteria Studios in November to begin recording work, with Butler returning to the band in January 1980, and Nicholls moving to keyboards. Produced by Martin Birch, Heaven and Hell, was released on April 25, 1980, to critical acclaim. All Music Guide said the album was "one of Sabbath's finest records, the band sounds reborn and re-energized throughout".[40] Heaven and Hell peaked at number 9 in the UK, and number 28 in the US, the band's highest charting album since Sabotage. The album would eventually sell a million copies in the US, and the band embarked on an extensive world tour, making their first live appearance with Dio in Germany on April 17, 1980. Geoff Nicholls is a musician and keyboardist, who is best known as the longtime sideman for the heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... Quartz are a British heavy metal band. ... Martin Birch is a British music producer, who has produced albums for bands such as Deep Purple, Rainbow, Black Sabbath, Iron Maiden, Whitesnake and Blue Öyster Cult. ... Heaven and Hell is an album by Black Sabbath, released in May 1980 (see 1980 in music). ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 107th day of the year (108th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ...

 Audio samples:
  • "Heaven and Hell"
    The opening verse of Heaven and Hell.
    "The Mob Rules"
    The opening riff and verse of The Mob Rules.
  • Problems playing the files? See media help.

Black Sabbath toured the US throughout 1980 with Blue Öyster Cult on the "Black and Blue" tour, with a show in Uniondale, New York filmed and released theatrically in 1981 as Black and Blue. On July 26, 1980, the band played at a sold out Memorial Coliseum in Los Angeles with Journey, Cheap Trick, and Molly Hatchet to 100,000 fans. The next day, the band appeared at the 1980 Day on the Green at Oakland Coliseum. While on tour, Black Sabbath's former label in England issued a live album culled from a five-year old performance, entitled Live at Last without any input from the band. The album reached number five on the British charts, and saw the re-release of "Paranoid" as a single, which reached the top 20. Blue Öyster Cult is an American rock band formed in New York in 1967 and still active in 2008. ... Looking east over Uniondale Uniondale is a hamlet (and census-designated place) as well as a suburb of New York City in Nassau County, New York, United States, on Long Island, in the Town of Hempstead. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... For board track racing circuit, see Los Angeles Coliseum Motordome. ... Journey is an American rock band formed in 1973 in San Francisco, California. ... Cheap Trick is an American rock band from Rockford, Illinois, that gained popularity in the late 1970s. ... Molly Hatchet is an American Southern rock band formed in Jacksonville, Florida in 1974, known primarily for their hit song Flirtin with Disaster from the album of the same title. ... Day on the Green was the name of a concert series in Oakland, California, presented by Bill Graham and his company Bill Graham Presents. ... McAfee Coliseum is a stadium located in Oakland, California that is used for football and baseball games. ... Live At Last is an odd live album from Black Sabbath. ...

Vocalist Ronnie James Dio
Vocalist Ronnie James Dio

On August 18, 1980, after a show in Minneapolis, Minnesota, Bill Ward was fired from Black Sabbath. "I was sinking very quickly", Ward later said. "I was an unbelievable drunk, I was drunk twenty-four hours a day. When I went on stage, the stage wasn't so bright. It felt like I was dying inside. The live show seemed so bare, Ron was out there doing his thing and I just went 'It's gone'. I like Ronnie, but musically, he just wasn't for me."[41] Concerned with Ward's declining health, Iommi brought in drummer Vinny Appice, without informing Ward. "They didn't talk to me, they booted me from my chair and I wasn't told about that. I knew they'd have to bring in a drummer to save the (tour), but I'd been with the band for years and years, since we were kids. And then Vinny was playing and it was like 'What the fuck?' It hurt a lot."[42] Image File history File links Dio. ... Image File history File links Dio. ... is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Minneapolis redirects here. ... Vinny Appice (born September 13, 1957 in Brooklyn, New York) is a rock drummer, best known for his work with the bands Dio and Black Sabbath. ...


The band completed the Heaven and Hell world tour in February 1981, and returned to the studio to begin work on their next album. Again produced by Martin Birch, and recorded at John Lennon's old house in Ascot, England, Black Sabbath's second album with Dio, Mob Rules was well received by fans, but received mixed reviews from critics. All Music's Ed Rivadavia called Mob Rules "a magnificent record",[43] while Rolling Stones J.D. Considine gave the album one star, claiming "Mob Rules finds the band as dull-witted and flatulent as ever".[44] The album was certified gold, and reached the top 20 on the UK charts. The album's title track "The Mob Rules" was also featured in the 1981 animated film Heavy Metal, although the film version is an alternate take, and differs from the album version. Martin Birch is a British music producer, who has produced albums for bands such as Deep Purple, Rainbow, Black Sabbath, Iron Maiden, Whitesnake and Blue Öyster Cult. ... John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980), (born John Winston Lennon, known as John Ono Lennon) was an iconic English 20th century rock and roll songwriter and singer, best known as the founding member of The Beatles. ... Statistics Population: Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: SU925685 Administration District: Windsor and Maidenhead Region: South East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Berkshire Historic county: Berkshire Services Police force: Thames Valley Ambulance service: South Central Post office and telephone Post town: ASCOT Postal district: SL5... Mob Rules is Black Sabbaths tenth studio album, released in 1981 following the success of Heaven and Hell. ... This article is about the 1981 Canadian film. ...


The chart success of the unauthorised live album Live at Last prompted the band to record their first official live album titled Live Evil on the Mob Rules world tour, in Dallas, Texas on May 12, 1982. During the mixing process for the album, Iommi and Butler had a falling out with Dio. Iommi and Butler accused Dio of sneaking into the studio at night to raise the volume of his vocals. In addition, Dio was not satisfied with the pictures of him in the artwork.[45] "Ronnie wanted more say in things," Iommi said. "And Geezer would get upset with him and that is where the rot set in. Live Evil is when it all fell apart. Ronnie wanted to do more of his own thing, and the engineer we were using at the time in the studio didn't know what to do, because Ronnie was telling him one thing and we were telling him another. At the end of the day, we just said, 'That's it, the band is over'".[46] "When it comes time for the vocal, nobody tells me what to do. Nobody! Because they're not as good as me, so I do what I want to do," Dio later said. "I refuse to listen to Live Evil, because there are too many problems. If you look at the credits, the vocals and drums are listed off to the side. Open up the album and see how many pictures there are of Tony, and how many there are of me and Vinny".[47] Live At Last is an odd live album from Black Sabbath. ... There is also a Black Sabbath album called Live Evil Live-Evil is an album by Miles Davis, part of which was recorded live at the Cellar Door on December 19, 1970, and part of which was recorded in Columbias Studio B on February 6, 1970. ... For other uses, see Dallas (disambiguation). ... is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ...


Ronnie James Dio left Black Sabbath in November 1982 to start a solo project, and took drummer Vinny Appice with him. Live Evil was released in January 1983, but was overshadowed by Ozzy Osbourne's Speak of the Devil, a platinum selling live album that contained only Black Sabbath songs, released five months earlier.[48] For other uses, see Dio (disambiguation). ... Ozzy redirects here. ... Speak of the Devil is a live album by Ozzy Osbourne. ...


Born Again and Seventh Star (1983–1986)

Left with just two original members, Tony Iommi and Geezer Butler began auditioning new singers for the band's next release. After failed attempts with the likes of Whitesnake's David Coverdale, Samson's Nicky Moore, and Lone Star's John Sloman, the band settled on former Deep Purple vocalist Ian Gillan to replace Ronnie James Dio in 1983.[11] While the project was not initially set to be called Black Sabbath, pressures from the record label forced the group to retain the name. The band entered The Manor Studios in Shipton-on-Cherwell, Oxfordshire, England, in June 1983 with a returned and newly-sober Bill Ward on drums. Born Again was met with mixed reviews from fans and critics alike. All Music's Ed Rivadavia called the album "dreadful", noting that "Gillan's bluesy style and humorous lyrics were completely incompatible with the lords of doom and gloom".[49] The album reached number four on the UK charts, and number 39 in the US.[24] Whitesnake is an English hard rock band, founded in 1977 by David Coverdale (formerly of Deep Purple). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Samson was a heavy metal band formed in 1977 by guitarrist and vocalist Paul Samson. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the rock band. ... Ian Gillan (born 19 August 1945 in Hounslow, London), is an English rock music vocalist best known as the lead singer for Deep Purple. ... Ronnie James Dio (born Ronald James Padavona on July 10, 1942 in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, USA), is an American heavy metal vocalist who has performed with Elf, Rainbow, Black Sabbath, and his own band Dio. ... The Manor Studio (aka The Manor) was a recording studio in the manor house at the village of Shipton-on-Cherwell in Oxfordshire, England, north of the city of Oxford. ... Shipton-on-Cherwell train crash, 1874 Shipton-on-Cherwell is a village in Oxfordshire, England near Kidlington just north of the city of Oxford, on the River Cherwell. ... Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, from Latin Oxonia) is a county in South East England, bordering on Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, Wiltshire, Gloucestershire and Warwickshire. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Born Again is Black Sabbaths eleventh studio album, released in August 1983. ...

Ian Gillan in 2005.
Ian Gillan in 2005.

Although he performed on the album, drummer Bill Ward was unable to tour due to the pressures of the road, and quit the band in 1984. "I fell apart with the idea of touring," Ward later said. "I got so much fear behind touring, I didn’t talk about the fear, I drank behind the fear instead and that was a big mistake."[50] Ward was replaced by former Electric Light Orchestra drummer Bev Bevan for the Born Again world tour, which began in Europe with Diamond Head, and later in the US with Quiet Riot and Night Ranger. The band headlined the 1983 Reading Festival, adding the Deep Purple song "Smoke on the Water" to their set list. Image File history File links Gillan11. ... Image File history File links Gillan11. ... ELO redirects here. ... Bev Bevan was the drummer, as well as one of the original members of the Electric Light Orchestra and served as the drummer for Black Sabbath from 1983-1984. ... Diamond Head Diamond Head are a British heavy metal band formed in 1976 in Stourbridge, England. ... Quiet Riot is an American heavy metal band, whose 1983 & 1984 success contributed to launching the 1980s glam metal scene. ... Night Ranger, is a U.S. rock band formed in San Francisco, California. ... The Reading and Leeds Festivals are a pair of annual music festivals that take place in Reading and Leeds in England. ... Machine Head track listing UK single cover Smoke on the Water is a rock song by British rock band Deep Purple. ...


The tour in support of Born Again included a giant set of the Stonehenge monument. In a move that would be later parodied in the mockumentary This is Spinal Tap, the band made a mistake in ordering the set piece. As Geezer Butler later explained: For other uses, see Stonehenge (disambiguation). ... This Is Spin̈al Tap (which is officially spelled with a non-functional umlaut symbol over the N) is a 1984 mockumentary directed by Rob Reiner and starring members of the semi-fictional heavy-metal glam rock band Spinal Tap. ...

We had Sharon Osbourne's dad, Don Arden, managing us. He came up with the idea of having the stage set be Stonehenge. He wrote the dimensions down and gave it to our tour manager. He wrote it down in meters but he meant to write it down in feet. The people who made it saw fifteen meters instead of fifteen feet. It was 45 feet high and it wouldn't fit on any stage anywhere so we just had to leave it the storage area. It cost a fortune to make but there was not a building on earth that you could fit it into.[51] Don Arden (born Harry Levy, (January 4, 1926 – July 21, 2007) was an English music manager, agent and businessman, best known for overseeing the careers of rock groups The Small Faces, Electric Light Orchestra and Black Sabbath. ...

Following the completion of the Born Again tour in March 1984, vocalist Ian Gillan left Black Sabbath to re-join Deep Purple. The band enlisted Los Angeles vocalist David Donato, the only Black Sabbath vocalist not to record an album with the band. The new lineup wrote and rehearsed throughout 1984, and eventually recorded a demo with producer Bob Ezrin in October. Unhappy with the results, the band parted ways with Donato shortly after.[11] This article is about the rock band. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... David Donato - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Disillusioned with the band's revolving lineup, bassist Geezer Butler quit Black Sabbath in November 1984 to form a solo band. "When Ian Gillan took over that was the end of it for me", Butler later said. "I thought it was just a joke and I just totally left. When we got together with Gillan it was not supposed to be a Black Sabbath album. After we had done the album we gave it to Warner Bros. and they said they were going to put it out as a Black Sabbath album and we didn’t have a leg to stand on. I got really disillusioned with it and Gillan was really pissed off about it. That lasted one album and one tour and then that was it."[51] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... “WB” redirects here. ...


Following Butler's exit, sole remaining original member Tony Iommi put Black Sabbath on hiatus, and began work on a solo album with keyboardist Geoff Nicholls. While working on new material, the original Black Sabbath lineup were offered a spot at Bob Geldof's Live Aid benefit concert on July 13, 1985. The band agreed, performing a three song set at the New York show. The event marked the first time the original lineup appeared on stage since 1978, and also featured reunions of The Who, Led Zeppelin and Neil Young with Crosby, Stills, and Nash. Although there were rumours of a full Black Sabbath reunion following Live Aid, Ozzy Osbourne was enjoying success as a solo artist, having released three top 20 albums, and selling nearly ten million albums since his firing from Black Sabbath. Geoff Nicholls is a musician and keyboardist, who is best known as the longtime sideman for the heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... Robert Frederick Xenon Geldof[1], KBE[2], known as Bob Geldof (born 5 October 1951) [3], is an Irish singer, songwriter, actor and political activist. ... Live Aid was a multi-venue rock music concert held on July 13, 1985). ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The Who are an English rock band that formed in 1964. ... For the bands 1969 eponymous debut album, see Led Zeppelin (album). ... This article is about the musician. ... Crosby, Stills, & Nash (sometimes known as Crosby, Stills, Nash, & Young) is a pioneering folk rock/rock supergroup that formed out of the remnants of three 1960s bands the Buffalo Springfield, the Byrds, and the Hollies. ... Ozzy redirects here. ...


Returning to his solo work, Iommi enlisted bassist Dave Spitz and drummer Eric Singer, and initially intended to use multiple singers, including Rob Halford of Judas Priest, ex-Deep Purple and Trapeze vocalist Glenn Hughes, and ex-Black Sabbath vocalist Ronnie James Dio. "We were going to use different vocalists on the album, guest vocalists, but it was so difficult getting it together and getting releases from their record companies. Glenn Hughes came along to sing on one track and we decided to use him on the whole album."[52] Dave The Beast Spitz - Bass player for Black Sabbath from 1985 to 1997, appearing on the albums Seventh Star (1986) and The Eternal Idol (1987). ... Eric Doyle Mensinger (born May 12, 1958 in Cleveland, Ohio), better known as Eric Singer, is an American drummer for the rock band Kiss and singer Alice Cooper. ... Robert John Arthur Halford (born August 25, 1951) is an English singer and songwriter, best known as the lead vocalist for the heavy metal band Judas Priest. ... For other uses, see Judas priest (curse). ... This article is about the rock band. ... Trapeze were an English rock band formed in March 1969, by vocalist John Jones and guitarist/keyboardist Terry Rowley (who named the band), with guitarist Mel Galley, singer/bassist Glenn Hughes, and drummer Dave Holland. ... For the Village People member see Glenn Hughes (American singer). ... Ronnie James Dio (born Ronald James Padavona on July 10, 1942 in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, USA), is an American heavy metal vocalist who has performed with Elf, Rainbow, Black Sabbath, and his own band Dio. ...

Glenn Hughes in 1995.
Glenn Hughes in 1995.

The band spent the remainder of the year in the studio, recording what would become Seventh Star. Warner Bros. refused to release the album as a Tony Iommi solo release, instead insisting on using the name Black Sabbath. Pressured by the band's manager, Don Arden, the two compromised and released the album as "Black Sabbath featuring Tony Iommi" in January 1986. "It opened up a whole can of worms really," Iommi explained, "because I think if we could have done it as a solo album, it would have been accepted a lot more."[53] Seventh Star, which sounded little like a Black Sabbath album, incorporated more hard rock elements popularised by the 1980s Sunset Strip hard rock scene, and was panned by the critics of the era, although later reviewers such as All Music gave the album favorable reviews, calling the album "often misunderstood and underrated".[54] Image File history File links Glenn Hughes with bass guitar. ... Image File history File links Glenn Hughes with bass guitar. ... Seventh Star is the twelfth studio album by the British heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... Don Arden (born Harry Levy, (January 4, 1926 – July 21, 2007) was an English music manager, agent and businessman, best known for overseeing the careers of rock groups The Small Faces, Electric Light Orchestra and Black Sabbath. ... Hard Rock redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The new lineup rehearsed for six weeks, preparing for a full world tour, although the band were again forced to use the Black Sabbath name. "I was into the 'Tony Iommi project', but I wasn't into the Black Sabbath moniker," Hughes said. "The idea of being in Black Sabbath didn't appeal to me whatsoever. Glenn Hughes singing in Black Sabbath is like James Brown singing in Metallica. It wasn't gonna work".[52][55] Just four days before the start of the tour, vocalist Glenn Hughes got into a bar fight with the band's production manager John Downing which splintered the singer's orbital bone. The injury interfered with Hughes' ability to sing, and the band brought in vocalist Ray Gillen to continue the tour with W.A.S.P. and Anthrax, although nearly half of the US dates would eventually be cancelled due to poor ticket sales.[56] For other persons named James Brown, see James Brown (disambiguation). ... Metallica is a Grammy Award-winning American heavy metal/thrash metal band formed in 1981[1] and has become one of the most commercially successful musical acts of recent decades. ... Ray Gillen (May 12, 1959 - December 1, 1993) was a singer best known for his work with the bands Black Sabbath, Badlands and Phenomena. ... W.A.S.P. is an American heavy metal band formed in 1982 and had continued success in the 1980s. ...


The Eternal Idol, Headless Cross, and Tyr (1986–1990)

Black Sabbath began work on new material in October 1986 at Air Studios in Montserrat with producer Jeff Glixman. The recording was wrought with problems from the beginning, as Glixman left after the initial sessions, and was replaced by producer Vic Coppersmith. Bassist Dave Spitz quit due to "personal issues", and ex-Rainbow bassist Bob Daisley was brought in. Daisley re-recorded all of the bass tracks, and wrote the album's lyrics, but before the album was complete, he left to join Gary Moore's solo band, taking drummer Eric Singer with him.[11] After problems with second producer Coppersmith, the band returned to Morgan Studios in England in January 1987 to work with new producer Chris Tsangarides. While working in the UK, new vocalist Ray Gillen abruptly left Black Sabbath to form Blue Murder with John Sykes. The band enlisted ex-Alliance vocalist Tony Martin to re-record Gillen's tracks, and former drummer Bev Bevan to complete a few percussion overdubs.[57] AIR Studios is a professional audio recording facility in Central London. ... Rainbow were a hard rock and heavy metal band formed by former Deep Purple guitarist Ritchie Blackmore in 1975. ... Robert Bob Daisley (born February 13, 1950) is from Sydney, Australia. ... For the former TV host, see Garry Moore. ... Eric Doyle Mensinger (born May 12, 1958 in Cleveland, Ohio), better known as Eric Singer, is an American drummer for the rock band Kiss and singer Alice Cooper. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Chris Tsangarides is a Greek-British music producer, sound engineer, and mixer. ... Blue Murder was the brainchild of guitar virtuoso John Sykes. ... John Sykes, born July 29, 1959 in Reading, England, is a Heavy Metal/Hard Rock guitarist in the United Kingdom who has played in bands Thin Lizzy, Whitesnake, Tygers Of Pan Tang, Blue Murder and his solo project John Sykes. ... Tony Martin (born April 19, 1957) was the seventh and final vocalist for the legendary rock band Black Sabbath before the eventual reunion of their original lineup. ... Bev Bevan was the drummer, as well as one of the original members of the Electric Light Orchestra and served as the drummer for Black Sabbath from 1983-1984. ...


Prior to the release of the new album, Black Sabbath accepted an offer to play six shows at Sun City, South Africa during the apartheid. The band drew criticism from activists and artists involved with Artists United Against Apartheid, who had been boycotting South Africa since 1985. Drummer Bev Bevan refused to play the shows, and was replaced by Terry Chimes, formerly of The Clash.[57] The Bridge of Time facing the Entertainment Centre Sun City is a luxury South African casino resort, situated in the North West Province. ... A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ... Artists United Against Apartheid was a protest group founded by activist performer Steven van Zandt to protest the existence of apartheid in South Africa. ... Chimes on stage drumming with The Clash at the 100 Club Punk Festival. ... This article is about the English punk rock band. ...


After nearly a year in production, The Eternal Idol was released on December 8, 1987, to mixed reviews. All Music said that "Martin's powerful voice added new fire" to the band, and the album contained "some of Iommi's heaviest riffs in years".[58] Blender gave the album two stars, claiming the album was "Black Sabbath in name only".[59] The album would be Black Sabbath's first release not to chart in the UK, while peaking at 168 in the US.[24] The band toured in support of Eternal Idol in Germany, Italy and for the first time, Greece. Unfortunately, due in part to backlash from promoters over the South Africa incident, other European shows were canceled.[60] Bassist Dave Spitz left the band shortly before the tour, and was replaced by Jo Burt. The Eternal Idol is the thirteenth studio album by Black Sabbath. ... is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year 1987. ...


Following the poor commercial performance of Eternal Idol, Black Sabbath were dropped by Vertigo Records and Warner Bros. Records, and signed with I.R.S. Records.[57] In January 1988, the band began rehearsals for a planned upcoming US tour, but with low ticket sales, the tour was cancelled. The band took time off in 1988, returning in August to begin work on their next album. As a result of the recording troubles with Eternal Idol, Tony Iommi opted to produce the band's next album himself. "It was a completely new start", Iommi said. "I had to rethink the whole thing, and decided that we needed to build up some credibility again".[61] Iommi enlisted ex-Rainbow drummer Cozy Powell, and session bassist Laurence Cottle, and rented a "very cheap studio in England".[61] I.R.S. Records was a record label, started in the US in 1979 by Miles Copeland III along with Jay Boberg and Carl Grasso. ... Rainbow were a hard rock and heavy metal band formed by former Deep Purple guitarist Ritchie Blackmore in 1975. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Laurence Cottle Laurence Cottle is a session bassist best known for briefly being a member of Black Sabbath. ...


Black Sabbath released Headless Cross in April 1989, to favorable reviews. All Music gave the album four stars, calling Headless Cross "the finest non-Ozzy or Dio Black Sabbath album".[62] Anchored by the top 40 single "Headless Cross", the album reached number 31 on the UK charts, and number 115 in the US.[24] Queen guitarist Brian May, a friend of Iommi's, played a guest solo on the song "When Death Calls". Following the album's release, the band added touring bassist Neil Murray, formerly of Whitesnake.[11] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Queen are an English rock band formed in 1970 in London by guitarist Brian May, lead vocalist Freddie Mercury, and drummer Roger Taylor, with bass guitarist John Deacon joining the following year. ... For the Australian film composer, see Brian May (composer). ... Neil Murray is a bassist who has played with over 30 bands including Whitesnake, Black Sabbath, and Gogmagog. ... Whitesnake is an English hard rock band, founded in 1977 by David Coverdale (formerly of Deep Purple). ...


The ill-fated Headless Cross US tour began in May 1989 with openers Kingdom Come and Silent Rage, but due to poor ticket sales, the tour was cancelled after just eight shows.[63] The European leg of the tour began in September, where the band were enjoying chart success. After a string of Japanese shows, the band embarked on a 23 date Russian tour with Girlschool. Black Sabbath was one of the first bands to tour Russia, after Mikhail Gorbachov opened the country to western acts for the first time in 1989.[60] Kingdom Come is a German melodic hard rock band fronted by Hamburg-born vocalist Lenny Wolf. ... Silent Rage is a 1982 action/science fiction/horror movie starring Chuck Norris, Ron Silver, Toni Kalem, Brian Libby, and Steven Keats,directed by Michael Miller. ... Girlschool are a long-running English all-female heavy metal band originating out of the New Wave of British Heavy Metal. ... Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (Russian: ; Pronunciation: mih-kha-ILL ser-GHE-ye-vich gor-bah-CHOFF) (born March 2, 1931), was leader of the Soviet Union from 1985 until 1991. ...


The band returned to the studio in February 1990 to record Tyr, the follow-up to Headless Cross. While not technically a concept album, some of the album's lyrical themes are loosely based on Norse mythology.[63] Tyr was released on August 6, 1990, and reached number 24 on the UK albums chart, but was the first Black Sabbath release not to break the Billboard 200 in the US.[24] while Blender gave the album just one star, claiming that "Iommi continues to besmirch the Sabbath name with this unremarkable collection".[64] The band toured in support of Tyr with Circus of Power in Europe, but the final seven UK dates were canceled due to poor ticket sales.[65] For the first time in their career, the band's touring cycle did not include US dates.[66] Tyr is the fifteenth studio album by heavy metal band Black Sabbath, released in 1990 by I.R.S. Records. ... In popular music, a concept album is an album which is unified by a theme, which can be instrumental, compositional, narrative, or lyrical (Shuker 2002, p. ... Norse, Viking or Scandinavian mythology comprises the indigenous pre-Christian religion, beliefs and legends of the Scandinavian peoples, including those who settled on Iceland, where most of the written sources for Norse mythology were assembled. ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ...

 Audio samples:
  • "Computer God"
    The opening song from the Dehumanizer.
    "TV Crimes"
    The only single from Dehumanizer.
  • Problems playing the files? See media help.
Black Sabbath bassist and lyricist Geezer Butler
Black Sabbath bassist and lyricist Geezer Butler

Dehumanizer (1990–1993)

While on his own Lock Up The Wolves US tour in August 1990, former Black Sabbath vocalist Ronnie James Dio was joined on stage at the Minneapolis Forum by former Black Sabbath bassist Geezer Butler to perform "Neon Knights". Following the show, the two expressed interest in rejoining Black Sabbath. Butler convinced Iommi, who in turn broke up the current lineup, dismissing vocalist Tony Martin and bassist Neil Murray. "I do regret that in a lot of ways", Iommi said. "We were at a good point then. We decided to [reunite with Dio] and I don't even know why, really. There's the financial aspect, but that wasn't it. I seemed to think maybe we could recapture something we had".[61] Lock up the Wolves is an album by Dio Track Listing Wild One Born on the Sun Hey Angel Between Two Hearts Night Music Lock up the Wolves Evil on Queen Street Walk on Water Twisted Why Are They Watching Me My Eyes Categories: Dio albums | Heavy metal albums ... Ronnie James Dio (born Ronald James Padavona on July 10, 1942 in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, USA), is an American heavy metal vocalist who has performed with Elf, Rainbow, Black Sabbath, and his own band Dio. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Ronnie James Dio and Geezer Butler joined Tony Iommi and Cozy Powell in the fall of 1990 to begin working on the next Black Sabbath release. While rehearsing in November, Powell suffered a broken hip when his horse died, falling on the drummer's legs.[67] Unable to complete work on the album, Powell was replaced by former drummer Vinny Appice, and the band entered the studio with producer Reinhold Mack. The year-long recording process was plagued with problems, primarily stemming from writing tension between Tony Iommi and Ronnie James Dio, as some songs were re-written multiple times.[68] "Dehumanizer took a long time, it was just hard work", Iommi said. "We took too long on it, that album cost us a million dollars, which is bloody ridiculous".[69] Dio later recalled the album as difficult, but worth the effort. "It was something we had to really wring out of ourselves, but I think that's why it works", he said. "Sometimes you need that kind of tension, or else you end up making the Christmas album".[70] Ronnie James Dio (born Ronald James Padavona on July 10, 1942 in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, USA), is an American heavy metal vocalist who has performed with Elf, Rainbow, Black Sabbath, and his own band Dio. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Frank Anthony Tony Iommi (born February 19, 1948, in Aston, Birmingham, England) is a guitarist best known for his tenure in the heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Vinny Appice (born September 13, 1957 in Brooklyn, New York) is a rock drummer, best known for his work with the bands Dio and Black Sabbath. ... Reinhold Mack (aka Mack) is a German record producer. ...


The resulting album, Dehumanizer was released on June 22, 1992. In the US, the album was released on June 30, 1992 by Reprise Records, as Ronnie James Dio and his namesake band were still under contract with the label at the time. While the album received mixed reviews,[67][71] it was the band's biggest commercial success in ten years.[11] Anchored by the top 40 rock radio single "TV Crimes", the album peaked at number 44 on the Billboard 200.[11] The album also featured the song "Time Machine", which appeared in the 1992 film Wayne's World. Dehumanizer is an album by British heavy metal band Black Sabbath released in 1992. ... is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Reprise Records is an American record label, owned by Warner Music Group, operated through Warner Bros. ... For other uses, see Dio (disambiguation). ... The Billboard 200 is a ranking of the 200 highest-selling music albums and EPs in the United States, published weekly by Billboard magazine. ... Waynes World is a 1992 comedy film starring Mike Myers as Wayne Campbell and Dana Carvey as Garth Algar, hosts of a cable access television show (called Waynes World) from Aurora, Illinois. ...


Black Sabbath began touring in support of Dehumanizer in July 1992 with Testament, Danzig, Prong, and Exodus. While on tour, former vocalist Ozzy Osbourne announced his first retirement, and invited Black Sabbath to open for his solo band at the final two shows of his No More Tours tour in Costa Mesa, California. The band agreed, aside from vocalist Ronnie James Dio, who said: Testament are an American thrash metal band from California. ... For alternative meanings of Gdańsk and Danzig, see Gdansk (disambiguation) and Danzig (disambiguation) The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Prong was a heavy metal/thrash metal band, formed in 1985. ... Exodus is an American thrash metal band formed in 1980 in San Francisco, California by singer/drummer Tom Hunting, guitarists Tim Agnello and Kirk Hammett, and bassist Carlton Melson. ... Ozzy redirects here. ... No More Tears is an album by Ozzy Osbourne. ... Costa Mesa is a city located in Orange County, California. ...

I was told in the middle of the tour that we would be opening for Ozzy in Los Angeles. And I said, "No. Sorry, I have more pride than that." A lot of bad things were being said from camp to camp, and it created this horrible schism. So by [the band] agreeing to play the shows in L.A. with Ozzy, that, to me, spelled out reunion. And that obviously meant the doom of that particular project.[70]

Dio quit Black Sabbath following a show in Oakland, California on November 13, 1992, one night before the band were set to appear at Osbourne's retirement show. Judas Priest vocalist Rob Halford stepped in at the last minute, performing two nights with the band.[72] Iommi and Butler also joined Osbourne and former drummer Bill Ward on stage for the first time since 1985's Live Aid concert, performing a brief set of Black Sabbath songs. Oakland is the name of several places in the United States of America: Oakland, Alabama Oakland, California (The best-known city with this name) Oakland, Florida Oakland, Maine Oakland, Maryland Oakland, Michigan Oakland, Missouri Oakland, Nebraska Oakland, New Jersey Oakland, Oklahoma Oakland, Oregon Oakland, Pennsylvania Oakland, Rhode Island Oakland, Tennessee... This article is about the U.S. state. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Judas priest (curse). ... Robert John Arthur Halford (born August 25, 1951) is an English singer and songwriter, best known as the lead vocalist for the heavy metal band Judas Priest. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Live Aid was a multi-venue rock music concert held on July 13, 1985). ...


Cross Purposes and Forbidden (1993–1996)

Drummer Vinny Appice left the band following the reunion show to join Ronnie James Dio's solo band, later appearing on Dio's Strange Highways and Angry Machines. Iommi and Butler enlisted former Rainbow drummer Bobby Rondinelli, and reinstated former vocalist Tony Martin. The band returned to the studio to work on new material, again not originally intended to be released under the Black Sabbath name. As Geezer Butler explains: Vinny Appice (born September 13, 1957 in Brooklyn, New York) is a rock drummer, best known for his work with the bands Dio and Black Sabbath. ... Ronnie James Dio (born Ronald James Padavona on July 10, 1942 in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, USA), is an American heavy metal vocalist who has performed with Elf, Rainbow, Black Sabbath, and his own band Dio. ... Strange Highways is the sixth studio album by heavy metal band, Dio. ... Angry Machines is the seventh studio album from the heavy metal band Dio. ... Rainbow were a hard rock and heavy metal band formed by former Deep Purple guitarist Ritchie Blackmore in 1975. ... Bobby Rondinelli (born July 27, 1955, Port Jefferson, New York) is a rock drummer best known for his work with the bands Blue Öyster Cult, Rainbow, Quiet Riot, and Black Sabbath. ... Tony Martin (born April 19, 1957) was the seventh and final vocalist for the legendary rock band Black Sabbath before the eventual reunion of their original lineup. ...

It wasn't even supposed to be a Sabbath album; I wouldn't have even done it under the pretence of Sabbath. That was the time when the original band were talking about getting back together for a reunion tour. Tony and myself just went in with a couple of people, did an album just to have, while the reunion tour was (supposedly) going on. It was like an Iommi/Butler project album.[73]

Under pressure from their record label, the band released their thirteenth studio album, Cross Purposes, on February 8, 1994, under the Black Sabbath name. The album again received mixed reviews, with Blender giving the album two stars, calling Soundgarden's 1994 album Superunknown "a far better Sabbath album than this by-the-numbers potboiler".[74] All Music Guide's Bradley Torreano called Cross Purposes "the first album since Born Again that actually sounds like a real Sabbath record".[75] The album failed to chart in the UK, but reached 122 on the Billboard 200 in the US. Cross Purposes contained the song "Evil Eye", which was co-written by Van Halen guitarist Eddie Van Halen, although uncredited due to record label restrictions.[76] Touring in support of Cross Purposes began in February with Morbid Angel and Motörhead in the US. The band filmed a live performance at the Hammersmith Apollo on April 13, 1994, which was released on VHS accompanied by a CD, entitled Cross Purposes Live. After the European tour with Cathedral and Godspeed in June 1994, drummer Bobby Rondinelli quit the band and was replaced by original Black Sabbath drummer Bill Ward for five shows in South America. Cross Purposes was released by British heavy metal band Black Sabbath in 1994. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Soundgarden was an American rock band formed in Seattle, Washington in 1984 by lead singer and drummer Chris Cornell, lead guitarist Kim Thayil, and bassist Hiro Yamamoto. ... Superunknown is the fourth album by the Seattle grunge band Soundgarden. ... This article is about the band Van Halen. ... Edward Lodewijk Eddie Van Halen (born January 26, 1955)[1], is a Dutch-American guitarist, keyboardist, songwriter and producer most famous for being the lead guitarist and co-founder of the rock band Van Halen. ... Morbid Angel is a Florida-based death metal band assembled in 1983. ... This article is about the band. ... The Hammersmith Apollo, located in Hammersmith, London, England, opened in 1932, and was known as Gaumont Palace Hammersmith until 1962. ... is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Bottom view of VHS cassette with magnetic tape exposed Top view of VHS cassette with front casing removed The Video Home System, better known by its abbreviation VHS, is a recording and playing standard. ... Cross Purposes Live is an album recorded by the British rock band Black Sabbath. ... For other uses, see Cathedral (disambiguation). ... Godspeed may refer to: Godspeed - a term used to express respect and good will when addressing someone, typically someone about to go on a journey or a daring endeavor. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...


Following the touring cycle for Cross Purposes, bassist Geezer Butler again quit the band. "I finally got totally disillusioned with the last Sabbath album, and I much preferred the stuff I was writing to the stuff Sabbath were doing".[73] Butler formed a solo project called GZR, and released Plastic Planet in 1995. The album contained the song "Giving Up the Ghost", which was critical of Tony Iommi for carrying on with the Black Sabbath name, with the lyrics: You plagiarized and parodied / the magic of our meaning / a legend in your own mind / left all your friends behind / you can't admit that you're wrong / the spirit is dead and gone.[77] GZR, circa 2005 (L-R): Chad Smith, Geezer Butler, Clark Brown, & Pedro Howse GZR is a band led by Black Sabbath bassist/lyricist Geezer Butler. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


Following Butler's departure, newly-returned drummer Bill Ward once again left the band. Iommi reinstated former members Neil Murray on bass, and Cozy Powell on drums, effectively reuniting the Tyr lineup. The band enlisted Body Count guitarist Ernie C to produce the new album, which was recorded in London in the fall of 1994. The album featured a guest vocal on "Illusion of Power" by Body Count vocalist Ice T.[78] The resulting Forbidden, was released on June 8, 1995, but failed to chart in the US or the UK.[79][80] The album was widely panned by critics; All Music's Bradley Torreano said "with boring songs, awful production, and uninspired performances, this is easily avoidable for all but the most enthusiastic fan";[81] while Blender magazine called Forbidden "an embarrassment ... the band’s worst album".[82] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the musical group. ... Ernie C is the guitarist of rock-metal group Body Count. ... Tracy Marrow (born February 16, 1958), better known as Ice T or Ice-T, is an American rapper, singer and actor. ... Forbidden was the 1995 effort from Black Sabbath. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ...


Black Sabbath embarked on a world tour in July 1995 with openers Motörhead and Tiamat, but two months into the tour, drummer Cozy Powell left the band, citing health issues, and was replaced by former drummer Bobby Rondinelli. After completing Asian dates in December 1995, Tony Iommi put the band on hiatus, and began work on a solo album with former Black Sabbath vocalist Glenn Hughes, and former Judas Priest drummer Dave Holland. The album was not officially released following it's completion, although a widely traded bootleg called Eighth Star surfaced soon after. The album was officially released in 2004 as The 1996 DEP Sessions, with Holland's drums re-recorded by session drummer Jimmy Copley.[83] This article is about the band. ... For other uses, see Tiamat (disambiguation). ... Bobby Rondinelli (born July 27, 1955, Port Jefferson, New York) is a rock drummer best known for his work with the bands Blue Öyster Cult, Rainbow, Quiet Riot, and Black Sabbath. ... For the Village People member see Glenn Hughes (American singer). ... For other uses, see Judas priest (curse). ... Dave Holland, born on April 5, 1948 in Northamptonshire, Wolverhampton, England was the drummer for the rock band Trapeze. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into The 1996 DEP Sessions. ... Track List Gone From Another World Dont You Tell Me Dont Drag the River Fine Time is the Healer Im Not the Same Man It Falls Through Me ... Jimmy Copley, sometimes credited as Jim Copley, is a professional drummer who since 17 years of age has worked with numerous famous and popular artists[] as the likes of Jeff Beck,[1] Graham Parker, Manfred Manns Earth Band, Paul Young, Roger Glover, Ian Gillan and Glenn Hughes of Deep...


In 1997, Tony Iommi disbanded the current lineup to officially reunite with Ozzy Osbourne and the original Black Sabbath lineup. Vocalist Tony Martin claimed that an original lineup reunion had been in the works since the band's brief reunion at Ozzy Osbourne's 1992 Costa Mesa show, and that the band released subsequent albums to fulfill their record contract with I.R.S. records. Martin later recalled Forbidden as a "filler album that got the band out of the label deal, rid of the singer, and into the reunion. However I wasn’t privy to that information at the time".[84] I.R.S. Records released a compilation album in 1996 to fulfill the band's contract, entitled The Sabbath Stones, which featured songs from Born Again to Forbidden. I.R.S. Records was a record label, started in the US in 1979 by Miles Copeland III along with Jay Boberg and Carl Grasso. ... A compilation album is an album (music or spoken-word) featuring tracks from one or multiple recording artists, often culled from a variety of sources (such as studio albums, live albums, singles, demos and outtakes. ...


Reunion (1997–2006)

Ozzy Osbourne in 2007.
Ozzy Osbourne in 2007.

In the summer of 1997, Tony Iommi, Geezer Butler, and Ozzy Osbourne officially reunited to co-headline the Ozzfest festival tour along side Osbourne's solo band. The lineup featured Osbourne's drummer Mike Bordin filling in for Bill Ward, who was unable to participate due to prior commitments with his solo project, The Bill Ward Band.[11] In December 1997, the group was joined by Ward, marking the first reunion of the original four members since Osbourne's 1992 "retirement show". The original lineup recorded two shows at the Birmingham NEC, which were released as the double live album Reunion on October 20, 1998. Reunion reached number eleven on the Billboard 200, and went platinum in the US.[11][24] The album spawned the single "Iron Man", which won Black Sabbath its first Grammy award in 2000 for Best Metal Performance, 30 years after the song was originally released. Reunion also featured two new studio tracks, "Psycho Man" and "Selling My Soul", both of which cracked the top 20 on the Billboard Mainstream Rock Tracks chart.[24] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 346 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (431 × 746 pixel, file size: 128 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Ozzy Osbourne at the Fargodome on October 29 2007 File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 346 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (431 × 746 pixel, file size: 128 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Ozzy Osbourne at the Fargodome on October 29 2007 File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Ozzfest is an annual tour of the United States (and in some years, Europe) featuring performances by many heavy metal and hard rock musical groups. ... Mike Bordin (born Michael Andrew Bordin, November 27, 1962 in San Francisco, California) was the co-founder and drummer of Faith No More and is now playing with Ozzy Osbourne. ... Atrium entrance 2 at the NEC The interior of a section of the atrium The National Exhibition Centre (NEC) is the seventh largest exhibition centre in Europe, located in Solihull, near Birmingham, England. ... is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Iron Man is a signature song of Birmingham, England heavy metal pioneers Black Sabbath. ... Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... The Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance has been awarded since 1990. ...


Shortly before the band embarked on a European tour in the summer of 1998, drummer Bill Ward suffered a heart attack and was temporarily replaced by former drummer Vinny Appice.[85] Ward returned in time for the US tour with openers Pantera, which began in January 1999 and continued through the summer, headlining the annual Ozzfest tour.[11] Following the Ozzfest appearances, the band was put on hiatus while members worked on solo material. Tony Iommi released his first official solo album, Iommi, in 2000, while Osborne continued work on his next solo release, Down to Earth. A myocardial infarction occurs when an atherosclerotic plaque slowly builds up in the inner lining of a coronary artery and then suddenly ruptures, totally occluding the artery and preventing blood flow downstream. ... Vinny Appice (born September 13, 1957 in Brooklyn, New York) is a rock drummer, best known for his work with the bands Dio and Black Sabbath. ... For other uses, see Pantera (disambiguation). ... Iommi is a Heavy Metal album by former Black Sabbath guitarist Tony Iommi and a myriad of guest musicians and vocalists, including Dave Grohl of Nirvana and Foo Fighters, Billy Corgan of Smashing Pumpkins, Serj Tankian of System Of A Down, Billy Idol and former bandmate Ozzy Osbourne, to name... Down to Earth - true to themelf and sometimes strage [1] Film and Television Down to Earth (TV series), a 1983–1987 television series starring Carol Mansell, Dick Sargent and David Kaufman Down to Earth (UK TV Series), a 2000 British television series starring Pauline Quirke Down to Earth (1947 film...


Black Sabbath returned to the studio to work on new material with all four original members and producer Rick Rubin in the spring of 2001,[11] but the sessions were halted when Osbourne was called away to finish tracks for his solo album in the summer of 2001.[86] "It just came to an end", Iommi said. "We didn't go any further, and it's a shame because [the songs] were really good".[87] Iommi commented on the difficulty getting all of the band members together to work on material: Frederick Jay Rick Rubin (born March 10, 1963 in Lido Beach, New York) is a Jewish American record producer and is currently the co-head of Columbia Records. ...

"It's quite different recording now. We've all done so much in between. In [the early] days there was no mobile phone ringing every five seconds. When we first started, we had nothing. We all worked for the same thing. Now everybody has done so many other things. It's great fun and we all have a good chat, but it's just different, trying to put an album together."[87]

In March 2002, Ozzy Osbourne's Emmy winning reality tv show "The Osbournes" debuted on MTV, and quickly became a worldwide hit.[11] The show introduced Osbourne to a broader audience and to capitalise, the band's back catalogue label, Sanctuary Records released a double live album Past Lives, which featured two concerts from the 1970s era lineup, including the previously unofficial Live at Last concert. The band remained on hiatus until the summer of 2004 when they returned to headline Ozzfest 2004 and 2005. In November 2005, Black Sabbath were inducted into the UK Music Hall of Fame, and in March 2006, after eleven years of eligibility, the band were inducted into the US Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.[88] At the awards ceremony Metallica played two Black Sabbath songs, "Hole in the Sky" and "Iron Man" in tribute to the band.[89] An Emmy Award. ... The Osbournes was an Emmy Award-winning American reality television program broadcast by MTV in the U.S., by CTV in Canada, Channel 4 in the UK and MTV UK and Ireland in Ireland and the UK, RTÉ Two in Ireland, Network Ten, MTV Australia in Australia and TV2 in... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... Sanctuary Records is a record label based in the United Kingdom and a subsidiary of Universal Records. ... Past Lives is a live album released in 2002 by Black Sabbath. ... Live At Last is an odd live album from Black Sabbath. ... The UK Music Hall of Fame honours musicians for their lifetime fame in music. ... The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at sunset. ... Metallica is a Grammy Award-winning American heavy metal/thrash metal band formed in 1981[1] and has become one of the most commercially successful musical acts of recent decades. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Iron Man is a signature song of Birmingham, England heavy metal pioneers Black Sabbath. ...


The Dio Years and Heaven and Hell (2006–)

For more details on this topic, see Heaven and Hell (band).
Vinnie Appice performing a drum solo with Heaven and Hell at Katowice, 2007
Vinnie Appice performing a drum solo with Heaven and Hell at Katowice, 2007

While Ozzy Osbourne was working on new solo material in 2006, Warner records released The Dio Years, a compilation of songs culled from the four Black Sabbath releases featuring Ronnie James Dio. For the release, Iommi and Dio reunited to write and record three new songs. The Dio Years was released on April 3, 2007, reaching number 54 on the Billboard 200, while the single "The Devil Cried" reached number 37 on the Mainstream Rock Tracks chart.[24] Pleased with the results, Iommi and Dio decided to reunite the Heaven and Hell era lineup for a world tour. While the lineup of Osbourne, Butler, Iommi and Ward were still officially called Black Sabbath, the new lineup opted to call themselves Heaven and Hell, after the album of the same name, to avoid confusion. Drummer Bill Ward was initially set to participate, but dropped out before the tour began, and was replaced by former drummer Vinny Appice, effectively reuniting the lineup that had featured on the Mob Rules and Dehumanizer albums. Heaven and Hell is a musical collaboration featuring Black Sabbath members Tony Iommi and Geezer Butler along with former members Ronnie James Dio and Vinny Appice. ... Ronnie James Dio (born Ronald James Padavona on July 10, 1942 in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, USA), is an American heavy metal vocalist who has performed with Elf, Rainbow, Black Sabbath, and his own band Dio. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Heaven and Hell is a musical collaboration featuring Black Sabbath members Tony Iommi and Geezer Butler along with former members Ronnie James Dio and Vinny Appice. ... Vinny Appice (born September 13, 1957 in Brooklyn, New York) is a rock drummer, best known for his work with the bands Dio and Black Sabbath. ...


Heaven and Hell toured the US with openers Megadeth and Machine Head, and recorded a live album and DVD in New York on March 30, 2007, entitled Live from Radio City Music Hall. In November 2007, Dio confirmed that the band have plans to record a new studio album in 2008.[90] In April 2008 the band announced the upcoming release of a new box set and their participation in The Metal Masters Tour, alongside Judas Priest, Motörhead and Testament.[91] The box set, The Rules of Hell, featuring remastered versions of all the Dio fronted Black Sabbath albums, is set to be supported by the Metal Masters Tour. Megadeth is an American thrash metal band led by founder, frontman, guitarist, and songwriter Dave Mustaine. ... This article is about the band. ... is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... DVD cover Live from Radio City Music Hall is a double album by the group Heaven and Hell which was released on August 28, 2007 in the US, August 24, 2007 in Germany and August 27, 2007 in the rest of Europe. ... For other uses, see Judas priest (curse). ... This article is about the band. ... Testament are an American thrash metal band from California. ...


Musical style

Although Black Sabbath have gone through many lineups and stylistic changes, their original sound focused on ominous lyrics and doomy music, often making use of the musical tritone, also called the "devil's interval". Standing as a stark contrast to popular music of the early 1970s, Black Sabbath's dark sound was dismissed by rock critics of the era, and the band received virtually no airplay on rock radio. For other uses, see Tritone (disambiguation). ...


As the band's primary songwriter, Tony Iommi wrote the majority of Black Sabbath's music, while Osbourne would write vocal melodies, and bassist Geezer Butler would write lyrics. The process was sometimes frustrating for Iommi, who often felt pressured to come up with new material. "If I didn't come up with anything, nobody would do anything."[25] On Iommi's influence, Osbourne later said:

"Black Sabbath never used to write a structured song. There'd be a long intro that would go into a jazz piece, then go all folky... and it worked. Tony Iommi - and I have said this a zillion times - should be up there with the greats. He can pick up a guitar, play a riff, and you say, 'He's gotta be out now, he can't top that.' Then you come back and I bet you a billion dollars, he'd come up with a riff that'd knock your fucking socks off."[92]

Early Black Sabbath albums feature tuned-down guitars, which contributed to the dark feel of the music.[11] In 1966, prior to forming Black Sabbath, guitarist Tony Iommi suffered a freak accident while working in a sheet metal factory, losing the tips of two fingers on his right hand. Iommi almost gave up music, but was urged by a friend to listen to Django Reinhardt, a virtuoso jazz guitarist who lost the use of two fingers.[93] Inspired by Reinhardt, Iommi created two thimbles made of plastic and leather to cap off his missing fingers. The guitarist began using lighter strings, and detuning his guitar in 1971, to better grip the strings with his prosthetics; a move which inadvertently gave the music a darker feel".[93] Wikibooks Guitar has a page on the topic of Tuning the Guitar Guitar tunings are any of several techniques of pitch adjustment on the individual strings of a guitar in order to achieve a prescribed arrangement of notes from the open (unfretted) strings. ... Sheets of stainless steel cover the Chrysler Building Thin sheets of gold leaf Sheet metal is simply metal formed into thin and flat pieces. ... Jean-Baptiste Django Reinhardt (January 23, 1910 – May 16, 1953) was a Belgian Sinto Gypsy jazz guitarist. ... For other uses, see Virtuoso (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... A United States soldier demonstrates Foosball with two prosthetic limbs In medicine, a prosthesis is an artificial extension that replaces a missing part of the body. ...


Legacy

With more than 100 million albums sold worldwide,[2] Black Sabbath is arguably the most influential heavy metal band of all time. The band helped to create the genre with ground breaking releases such as Paranoid, an album that Rolling Stone magazine said "changed music forever", [94] and called the band "the Beatles of heavy metal".[95] Time Magazine called Paranoid "the birthplace of heavy metal", placing it in their Top 100 Albums of All Time.[96] MTV placed Black Sabbath at number one on their Top Ten Heavy Metal Bands.[97] VH1 ranked Black Sabbath's "Iron Man" the number one song on their 40 Greatest Metal Songs countdown.[98] All Music Guide's William Ruhlmann said: Look up paranoia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Beatles appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show in 1964 as part of their first tour of the United States, promoting their first hit single there, I Want To Hold Your Hand. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... VH1 (VH-1: Video Hits One until 1994 and VH1: Music First until 2003) is an American digital television channel that was created in January 1985 by Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment, at the time a division of Warner Communications and owners of MTV. VH1 and sister channel MTV are currently...

Black Sabbath has been so influential in the development of heavy metal rock music as to be a defining force in the style. The group took the blues-rock sound of late '60s acts like Cream, Blue Cheer, and Vanilla Fudge to its logical conclusion, slowing the tempo, accentuating the bass, and emphasising screaming guitar solos and howled vocals full of lyrics expressing mental anguish and macabre fantasies. If their predecessors clearly came out of an electrified blues tradition, Black Sabbath took that tradition in a new direction, and in so doing helped give birth to a musical style that continued to attract millions of fans decades later.[11] For other uses of Cream, see Cream (disambiguation). ... Blue Cheer is a San Francisco-based rock group of the late 1960s and early 1970s, who helped to pioneer heavy metal music. ... Vanilla Fudge was an American psychedelic band that recorded albums from 1967 to 1970. ...

Influence

Black Sabbath's influence on heavy metal is almost unparalleled, the band are cited as highly influential by countless bands, including Metallica, Iron Maiden,[99] Anthrax, Opeth,[100] Pantera, Megadeth,[101] The Smashing Pumpkins,[102] Slipknot,[103] the Foo Fighters,[104]Fear Factory,[105] and Godsmack.[106] Two gold selling tribute albums have been released, Nativity in Black Volume 1 & 2, including songs by Sepultura, White Zombie, Type O Negative, Faith No More, Machine Head, System of a Down and Monster Magnet. Metallica is a Grammy Award-winning American heavy metal/thrash metal band formed in 1981[1] and has become one of the most commercially successful musical acts of recent decades. ... Iron Maiden are an English heavy metal band from Leyton in the East End of London. ... Opeth is a Swedish heavy metal band that formed in 1990 in Stockholm. ... For other uses, see Pantera (disambiguation). ... Megadeth is an American thrash metal band led by founder, frontman, guitarist, and songwriter Dave Mustaine. ... The Smashing Pumpkins are an American alternative rock band that formed in Chicago in 1988. ... Look up Slipknot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the band. ... Fear Factory is a Los Angeles, California based metal band. ... For the Alice in Chains song, see God Smack (song). ... A tribute album is a recorded collection of cover versions of a specific artists songs. ... Nativity in Black is the name of a series of Black Sabbath tribute albums that came out in the 1990s and 2000s. ... Sepultura is a Brazilian thrash metal band, formed in 1984. ... White Zombie is the name of: White Zombie (film), a 1932 film about zombies starring Bela Lugosi. ... This article is about the band. ... FNM redirects here. ... The machine heads on a Squier Stratocaster electric guitar. ... System of a Down (commonly referred to as System or abbreviated as SOAD) are an American heavy metal band, formed in 1995 in Glendale, California. ... Monster Magnet is an American rock band. ...


Metallica's Lars Ulrich, who inducted Black Sabbath into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2007, said "Black Sabbath is and always will be synonymous with heavy metal",[107]while James Hetfield said "Sabbath got me started on all that evil-sounding shit, and it's stuck with me. Tony Iommi is the king of the heavy riff."[108] Ex-Guns n Roses guitarist Slash said of the Paranoid album: "There's just something about that whole record that, when you're a kid and you're turned onto it, it's like a whole different world. It just opens up your mind to another dimension...Paranoid is the whole Sabbath experience; very indicative of what Sabbath meant at the time. Tony's playing style — doesn’t matter whether it's off 'Paranoid' or if it's off 'Heaven and Hell' — it's very distinctive."[108] Anthrax guitarist Scott Ian said "I always get the question in every interview I do, 'What are your top five metal albums?' I make it easy for myself and always say the first five Sabbath albums."[108] Lamb of God's Chris Adler said "If anybody who plays heavy metal says that they weren't influenced by Black Sabbath's music, then I think that they're lying to you. I think all heavy metal music was, in some way, influenced by what Black Sabbath did."[109] Metallica is a Grammy Award-winning American heavy metal/thrash metal band formed in 1981[1] and has become one of the most commercially successful musical acts of recent decades. ... Lars Ulrich (born December 26, 1963) is the drummer and co-founder of Metallica. ... The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at sunset. ... James Alan Hetfield (born 3 August 1963, Downey, California[1]) is the main songwriter (with drummer Lars Ulrich and sometimes guitarist Kirk Hammett), co-founder, vocalist and rhythm guitarist of the American thrash/heavy metal band Metallica. ... Guns N Roses (GNR) is an American hard rock band whose dangerous reputation, controversial front man, and technical prowess have made them one of the most popular and acclaimed rock n roll bands ever. ... Look up slash in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Scott Ian Rosenfeld (born December 31, 1963) is the rhythm guitarist for the metal band Anthrax who uses the stage name Scott Ian. ... Lamb of God is an American heavy metal band formed in 1990 in Richmond, Virginia. ... Chris Adler (born November 23, 1972) is an American drummer, best known as a member of the metal band Lamb of God. ...


Members

Current line-up Black Sabbaths lineup has changed regularly since its formation. ...

Ozzy redirects here. ... For other uses, see Singer (disambiguation). ... Frank Anthony Tony Iommi (born February 19, 1948, in Aston, Birmingham, England) is a guitarist best known for his tenure in the heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... Two different electric guitars. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A sunburst-colored Fender Precision Bass The electric bass guitar (or electric bass[1][2]; pronounced , as in base) is a bass stringed instrument played primarily with the fingers (either by plucking, slapping, popping, or tapping) or using a pick. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A drum kit (or drum set or trap set) is a collection of drums, cymbals and sometimes other percussion instruments, such as a cowbell, wood block, chimes or tambourines, arranged for convenient playing by a single drummer. ...

Discography

The discography for the British heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... Black Sabbath is the self-titled debut album of the British heavy metal band Black Sabbath, released in the UK on Friday 13 February 1970. ... Paranoid is the second album by British heavy metal band Black Sabbath, and contains some of their most famous work, including the songs Iron Man, War Pigs, and the title track Paranoid. ... Master of Reality is the third album by heavy metal band Black Sabbath, released in 1971 (see 1971 in music). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Sabbath Bloody Sabbath is the fifth studio album by the British heavy metal band Black Sabbath, released in 1973 (see 1973 in music). ... Sabotage is a 1975 album by heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... Technical Ecstasy is the 1976 album from heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... Never Say Die! is an album by heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... Heaven and Hell is an album by Black Sabbath, released in May 1980 (see 1980 in music). ... Mob Rules is Black Sabbaths tenth studio album, released in 1981 following the success of Heaven and Hell. ... Born Again is Black Sabbaths eleventh studio album, released in August 1983. ... Seventh Star is the twelfth studio album by the British heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... The Eternal Idol is the thirteenth studio album by Black Sabbath. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Tyr is the fifteenth studio album by heavy metal band Black Sabbath, released in 1990 by I.R.S. Records. ... Dehumanizer is an album by British heavy metal band Black Sabbath released in 1992. ... Cross Purposes was released by British heavy metal band Black Sabbath in 1994. ... Forbidden was the 1995 effort from Black Sabbath. ...

References

  • Rosen, Steven (1996), The Story of Black Sabbath: Wheels of Confusion, Castle Communications, ISBN 1-86074-149-5 

Notes

  1. ^ a b Huey, Steve. AMG Paranoid Review. Allmusic.com. Retrieved on 2008-02-11.
  2. ^ a b Ozzy Osbourne: Prince of Darkness. Mybrum.com. Retrieved on 2007-12-08.
  3. ^ Greatest Metal Artists of All Time. MTV. Retrieved on 2008-03-29.
  4. ^ Timeline Black Sabbath Live Project - Beginnings. Sabbathlive.com. Retrieved on 2007-12-09.
  5. ^ Siegler, Joe. Black Sabbath Online: Band Lineup History. Blacksabbath.com. Retrieved on 2007-12-09.
  6. ^ Melody Maker 1968-12-21. Melody Maker Magazine. Retrieved on 2008-02-14.
  7. ^ Rosen 1996, p. 34
  8. ^ Ozzy Osbourne: The Godfather of Metal. NYRock.com. Retrieved on 2008-02-14.
  9. ^ Ozzy Osbourne: Behind the Music by VH1; first aired 1998-04-19
  10. ^ Rosen 1996, p. 38
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Ruhlmann, William. "AMG Biography". All Music Guide. Retrieved on 2008-02-14.
  12. ^ a b c "Rolling Stone Biography". Roling Stone.com. Retrieved on 2008-02-14.
  13. ^ Bangs, Lester (May 1970). Black Sabbath Album Review. Roling Stone Magazine #66, May 1970. Retrieved on 2008-02-14.
  14. ^ Rosen 1996, p. 57
  15. ^ Rosen 1996, p. 63
  16. ^ Rosen 1996, p. 52
  17. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. AMG Master of Reality Review. Allmusic.com. Retrieved on 2008-02-18.
  18. ^ Levy, Joe; Steven Van Zandt [2005] (2006). Rolling Stone The 500 Greatest Album of All Time, 3rd edition, London: Turnaround. ISBN 1932958614. OCLC 70672814. 
  19. ^ Rosen 1996, p. 64-65
  20. ^ Rosen 1996, p. 73
  21. ^ Rosen 1996, p. 73-74
  22. ^ Rosen 1996, p. 65
  23. ^ Huey, Steve. AMG Volume 4 Review. Allmusic.com. Retrieved on 2008-04-10.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h Billboard Black Sabbath chart history. Billboard.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-17.
  25. ^ Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Rosen76
  26. ^ Rosen 1996, p. 77
  27. ^ Rosen 1996, p. 79
  28. ^ Fletcher, Gordon (Feb 1974). Sabbath, Bloody Sabbath Album Review. Roling Stone Magazine #154, February 14, 1974. Retrieved on 2008-02-25.
  29. ^ Rivadavia, Ed. Sabbath, Bloody Sabbath AMG Review. Allmusic.com. Retrieved on 2008-02-25.
  30. ^ Rosen 1996, p. 80
  31. ^ Altman, Billy (Sept 1975). Sabatoge Album Review. Roling Stone Magazine #196, September 25, 1975. Retrieved on 2008-02-25.
  32. ^ a b Prato, Greg. Sabatoge AMG Album Review. Allmusic.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-20.
  33. ^ Prato, Greg. Technical Ecstasy AMG Review. Allmusic.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-17.
  34. ^ a b c Rosen 1996, p. 93-94
  35. ^ Rivadavia, Ed. Never Say Die! AMG Review. Allmusic.com. Retrieved on 2008-02-27.
  36. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. RockDetector.com Black Sabbath Biography 1978-1979. Rockdetector.com. Retrieved on 2008-02-27.
  37. ^ Rosen 1996, p. 95
  38. ^ Rosen 1996, p. 97
  39. ^ Rosen 1996, p. 98
  40. ^ Prato, Greg. AMG Heaven and Hell Review. Allmusic.com. Retrieved on 2008-02-29.
  41. ^ Rosen 1996, p. 104
  42. ^ Rosen 1996, p. 111
  43. ^ Rivadavia, Ed. AMG Mob Rules review. Allmusic.com. Retrieved on 2008-02-29.
  44. ^ Considine, J.D.. Rolling Stone Mob Rules Review. RollingStone.com. Retrieved on 2008-02-29.
  45. ^ Goodman, Dean. "Black Sabbath reunites without Ozzy", News Limited, 2006-10-26. Retrieved on 2008-05-13. 
  46. ^ Rosen 1996, p. 118
  47. ^ Rosen 1996, p. 107-108
  48. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. RockDetector.com Black Sabbath Biography 1981-1982. Rockdetector.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-20.
  49. ^ Rivadavia, Ed. AMG Born Again Review. Allmusic.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-04.
  50. ^ From Jazz to Black Sabbath. AllAboutJazz.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-02.
  51. ^ a b Geezer Butler Interview. ClassicRockRevisited.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-02.
  52. ^ a b Rosen 1996, p. 123
  53. ^ Rosen 1996, p. 122
  54. ^ Rivadavia, Ed. AMG Seventh Star Review. Allmusic.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-05.
  55. ^ Rosen 1996, p. 125
  56. ^ Sabath Live Canceled tourdates 1985. SabbathLive.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-05.
  57. ^ a b c Sharpe-Young, Garry. Rock Detector bio 87-88. RockDetector.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-10.
  58. ^ Rivadavia, Ed. AMG Eternal Idol Review. Allmusic.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-10.
  59. ^ AMG Eternal Idol Review. Blender.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-10.
  60. ^ a b Sabath Live Timeline 1980s. SabbathLive.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-10.
  61. ^ a b c Rosen 1996, p. 129
  62. ^ Rivadavia, Ed. Headless Cross AMG review. Allmusic.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-10.
  63. ^ a b Sharpe-Young, Garry. Rock Detector bio 89-91. RockDetector.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-10.
  64. ^ Mitchell, Ben. Tyr Blender review. Blender.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-11.
  65. ^ Sabath Live Timeline 1990s Canceld shows. SabbathLive.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-11.
  66. ^ Sabath Live Timeline 1990s. SabbathLive.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-11.
  67. ^ a b Blender Dehumanizer Review. Blender.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-17.
  68. ^ Rosen 1996, p. 128
  69. ^ Rosen 1996, p. 129
  70. ^ a b Wiederhorn, Jon. Interview with Ronnie James Dio and Tony Iommi. Blabbermouth.net. Retrieved on 2008-03-17.
  71. ^ Revelation Z Magazine DehumanizerReview. RevolutionZ.net. Retrieved on 2008-03-17.
  72. ^ Henderson, Tim. Rob Halford Reminisces About Covering For OZZY!. BraveWords.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-17.
  73. ^ a b Rosen 1996, p. 130
  74. ^ Mitchell, Ben. Blender Cross Purposes Review. Blender.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-18.
  75. ^ Torreano, Bradley. AMG Cross Purposes Review. Allmusic.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-18.
  76. ^ Sharpe-Young, Gary. RockDetector Bio 1994. Rocketector.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-18.
  77. ^ Rosen 1996, p. 51
  78. ^ Rosen 1996, p. 131
  79. ^ Billboard Black Sabbath album chart history. Billboard.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-20.
  80. ^ Every Hit.com UK Black Sabbath album chart history. EveryHit.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-20.
  81. ^ Torreano, Bradley. All Music Forbidden review. Allmusic.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-20.
  82. ^ Mitchell, Ben. Blender Forbidden review. Blender.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-20.
  83. ^ Rivadavia, Ed. AMG The 1996 DEP Sessions Review. Allmusic.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-21.
  84. ^ Tony Martin.net Q&A. TonyMartin.net. Retrieved on 2008-03-20.
  85. ^ HEAVEN AND HELL Drummer: RONNIE JAMES DIO Is 'Singing Better Than He Has Ever Sung'. Blabbermouth.net. Retrieved on 2008-04-08.
  86. ^ Saraceno, Christina. Sabbath Scrap Disturbed Dates. RollingStone.com. Retrieved on 2008-04-08.
  87. ^ a b BLACK SABBATH Guitarist Says It's A 'Shame' The Band Didn't Complete New Studio Album. Blabbermouth.net. Retrieved on 2008-04-08.
  88. ^ Sprague, David. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame 2006: Black Sabbath - Ozzy Osbourne recalls his band's heavy, scary journey. Rollingstone.com. Retrieved on 2008-04-08.
  89. ^ METALLICA: Video Footage Of BLACK SABBATH Rock Hall Induction, Performance Posted Online. Blabbermouth.net. Retrieved on 2008-04-08.
  90. ^ Elliott, Mike. Komodo Rock Talks With Ronnie James Dio. Komodorock.com. Retrieved on 2008-04-08.
  91. ^ JUDAS PRIEST Frontman On 'Metal Masters' Tour: 'We Insisted On A Classic Metal Package'. Blabbermouth.net. Retrieved on 2008-04-25.
  92. ^ Sprague, David. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame 2006: Black Sabbath. Rollingstone.com. Retrieved on 2008-04-25.
  93. ^ a b Rosen 1996, p. 135
  94. ^ Diehl, Matt. The Holy Sabbath. Rollingstone.com. Retrieved on 2008-04-25.
  95. ^ The Greatest Artists of All Time. Rollingstone.com. Retrieved on 2008-04-25.
  96. ^ All Time 100. Rollingstone.com. Retrieved on 2008-04-25.
  97. ^ BLACK SABBATH, JUDAS PRIEST And METALLICA Are 'Greatest Heavy Metal Bands Of All Time. Blabbermouth.net. Retrieved on 2008-04-25.
  98. ^ BLACK SABBATH's 'Iron Man' Tops VH1 List As the Greatest Metal Song of All Time. Blabbermouth.net. Retrieved on 2008-04-25.
  99. ^ IRON MAIDEN Bassist Talks About His Technique And Influences. Blabbermouth.net. Retrieved on 2008-04-25.
  100. ^ OPETH Pays Tribute To Classic Heavy Metal Artists. Blabbermouth.net. Retrieved on 2008-04-25.
  101. ^ Turman, Katherine. Black Sabbath - Bank One Ballpark, Phoenix, Dec. 31, 1998. Rollingstone.com. Retrieved on 2008-04-25.
  102. ^ Di Perna, Alan. "Zero Worship", Guitar World. December 1995.
  103. ^ BLACK SABBATH Bassist: 'It's Great When Bands Cite Us As Their Influence. Blabbermouth.net. Retrieved on 2008-04-25.
  104. ^ HEAVEN AND HELL, MEGADETH Perform In Los Angeles; Photos Available. Blabbermouth.net. Retrieved on 2008-04-25.
  105. ^ Ex-FEAR FACTORY Axeman DINO CAZARES Talks Guitars. Blabbermouth.net. Retrieved on 2008-04-25.
  106. ^ GODSMACK'S Next Album Will Rock In A Bluesier Way. Blabbermouth.net. Retrieved on 2008-04-25.
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  108. ^ a b c Metal/Hard Rock Musicians Pay Tribute To BLACK SABBATH's 'Paranoid'. Blabbermouth.net. Retrieved on 2008-04-25.
  109. ^ Morgan, Anthony. LAMB OF GOD To Switch Record Labels For Non-U.S. Territories. Blabbermouth.net. Retrieved on 2008-04-25.

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This article is about the day. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the day. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

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Frank Anthony Tony Iommi (born February 19, 1948, in Aston, Birmingham, England) is a guitarist best known for his tenure in the heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... Ozzy redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ronnie James Dio (born Ronald James Padavona on July 10, 1942 in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, USA), is an American heavy metal vocalist who has performed with Elf, Rainbow, Black Sabbath, and his own band Dio. ... Vinny Appice (born September 13, 1957 in Brooklyn, New York) is a rock drummer, best known for his work with the bands Dio and Black Sabbath. ... Ian Gillan (born 19 August 1945 in Hounslow, London), is an English rock music vocalist best known as the lead singer for Deep Purple. ... For the Village People member see Glenn Hughes (American singer). ... Tony Martin (born April 19, 1957) was the seventh and final vocalist for the legendary rock band Black Sabbath before the eventual reunion of their original lineup. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Geoff Nicholls is a musician and keyboardist, who is best known as the longtime sideman for the heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... Bev Bevan was the drummer, as well as one of the original members of the Electric Light Orchestra and served as the drummer for Black Sabbath from 1983-1984. ... Neil Murray is a bassist who has played with over 30 bands including Whitesnake, Black Sabbath, and Gogmagog. ... David Donato - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Dave The Beast Spitz - Bass player for Black Sabbath from 1985 to 1997, appearing on the albums Seventh Star (1986) and The Eternal Idol (1987). ... Eric Doyle Mensinger (born May 12, 1958 in Cleveland, Ohio), better known as Eric Singer, is an American drummer for the rock band Kiss and singer Alice Cooper. ... Ray Gillen (May 12, 1959 - December 1, 1993) was a singer best known for his work with the bands Black Sabbath, Badlands and Phenomena. ... Robert Bob Daisley (born February 13, 1950) is from Sydney, Australia. ... Jo Burt was from England, and born in 1956. ... Chimes on stage drumming with The Clash at the 100 Club Punk Festival. ... Laurence Cottle Laurence Cottle is a session bassist best known for briefly being a member of Black Sabbath. ... http://www. ... Black Sabbath is the self-titled debut album of the British heavy metal band Black Sabbath, released in the UK on Friday 13 February 1970. ... Paranoid is the second album by British heavy metal band Black Sabbath, and contains some of their most famous work, including the songs Iron Man, War Pigs, and the title track Paranoid. ... Master of Reality is the third album by heavy metal band Black Sabbath, released in 1971 (see 1971 in music). ... Sabbath Bloody Sabbath is the fifth studio album by the British heavy metal band Black Sabbath, released in 1973 (see 1973 in music). ... Sabotage is a 1975 album by heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... Technical Ecstasy is the 1976 album from heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... Never Say Die! is an album by heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... Heaven and Hell is an album by Black Sabbath, released in May 1980 (see 1980 in music). ... Mob Rules is Black Sabbaths tenth studio album, released in 1981 following the success of Heaven and Hell. ... Born Again is Black Sabbaths eleventh studio album, released in August 1983. ... Seventh Star is the twelfth studio album by the British heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... The Eternal Idol is the thirteenth studio album by Black Sabbath. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Tyr is the fifteenth studio album by heavy metal band Black Sabbath, released in 1990 by I.R.S. Records. ... Dehumanizer is an album by British heavy metal band Black Sabbath released in 1992. ... Cross Purposes was released by British heavy metal band Black Sabbath in 1994. ... Forbidden was the 1995 effort from Black Sabbath. ... There is also a Black Sabbath album called Live Evil Live-Evil is an album by Miles Davis, part of which was recorded live at the Cellar Door on December 19, 1970, and part of which was recorded in Columbias Studio B on February 6, 1970. ... Cross Purposes Live is an album recorded by the British rock band Black Sabbath. ... Past Lives is a live album released in 2002 by Black Sabbath. ... Live At Hammersmith Odeon is a live Black Sabbath album that was released on May 1, 2007. ... We Sold Our Soul for Rock n Roll was a compilation album by Black Sabbath. ... The Sabbath Stones (1996) Was released as a greatest hits album. ... Greatest Hits 1970–1978 is a compilation Album from Black Sabbath, released in 2006. ... Black Sabbath is a song by the heavy metal pioneers of the same name. ... N.I.B. is a song released by British heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... The Wizard is the second track of Black Sabbaths 1970 debut album Black Sabbath. ... Paranoid is a song by Black Sabbath that appears on the bands breakthrough album Paranoid. ... Iron Man is a signature song of Birmingham, England heavy metal pioneers Black Sabbath. ... War Pigs is an anti-war song by British heavy metal band Black Sabbath from their 1970 album, Paranoid. ... “Fairies Wear Boots” is a Black Sabbath song from their 1970 album Paranoid. ... Black Sabbath originally recorded Sweet Leaf in 1971. ... After Forever is the second track featured on Black Sabbaths third studio album, Master of Reality. ... Snowblind is a track off of Black Sabbath, Vol. ... Black Sabbath Vol 4 is the fourth studio album by British heavy metal band Black Sabbath, released in 1972 (see 1972 in music). ... Black Sabbath Vol 4 is the fourth studio album by British heavy metal band Black Sabbath, released in 1972 (see 1972 in music). ... Changes is a song by Black Sabbath. ... Sabbath, Bloody Sabbath is a heavy metal song by British group, Black Sabbath. ... Sabbath Bloody Sabbath is the fifth studio album by the British heavy metal band Black Sabbath, released in 1973 (see 1973 in music). ... Hole in the Sky is a metal festival located in Bergen, Norway. ... Sabotage is a 1975 album by heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... Rock n Roll Doctor is a song from heavy metal group Black Sabbath from the album Technical Ecstasy. ... Technical Ecstasy is the 1976 album from heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... Never Say Die is the title track from the 1978 album Never Say Die! by Black Sabbath. ... A Hard Road is a 1967 Electric Blues album recorded by John Mayalls Bluesbreakers featuring Peter Green on lead guitar. ... Mob Rules is Black Sabbaths 11th album. ... No Stranger to Love, is a song by Black Sabbath. ... The discography for the British heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... Black Sabbaths lineup has changed regularly since its formation. ... Heaven and Hell is a musical collaboration featuring Black Sabbath members Tony Iommi and Geezer Butler along with former members Ronnie James Dio and Vinny Appice. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
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Black Sabbath Online: Other Stuff: Email Me You want to email me? That's cool.
I like hearing from folks, but don't think you're emailing Black Sabbath or any of the 30 odd members that have been in the band over the years, because I am not them!
I failed to comprehend how people could think I was Black Sabbath before.
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Black Sabbath (sometimes called Sabbath by fans) is a British heavy metal band, originally comprising Ozzy Osbourne (vocals), Tony Iommi (guitar), Geezer (Terrance) Butler (bass), and Bill Ward (drums).
Black Sabbath formed in Birmingham, England in 1969 under the name Polka Tulk Blues Band (soon shortened to "Polka Tulk"), and later Earth.
Initially a blues-rock band, Earth moved in a darker direction when their bassist, Geezer Butler, a fan of the fl magic novels of Dennis Wheatley, wrote an occult-themed song titled "Black Sabbath" (the song name was apparently inspired by a 1963 Mario Bava film).
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