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Encyclopedia > Black Númenóreans

In J. R. R. Tolkien in 1916. ...J. R. R. Tolkien's fictional world of A map of the Northwestern part of Middle_earth at the end of the Third Age, courtesy of the Encyclopedia of Arda. ...Middle_earth, the Black Númenóreans were originally a part of the survivors from the mightiest human kingdom in the world, Númenor is a fictional location from J. R. R. Tolkiens universe of Middle_earth and is intended to be his version of Atlantis. ...Númenor, in the late The Second Age is a fictional time period from J. R. R. Tolkiens universe of Middle_earth. ...Second Age.


As their power and knowledge grew throughout the course of the Second Age, the Númenóreans became increasingly preoccupied with their mortality, the purpose of which they began to question;

But the fear of death grew ever darker upon them, and they delayed it by all means that they could; and they began to build great houses for their dead, while their wise men laboured unceasingly to discover if they might the secret of recalling life.. (' Akallabêth is the fourth part of The Silmarillion by J. R. R. Tolkien. ...Akallabêth' ~ The Silmarillion is a collection of J. R. R. Tolkiens works, edited and published posthumously by his son Christopher, with the assistance of fantasy fiction writer Guy Gavriel Kay. ...The Silmarillion)

This wish to escape death made most of the Númenoreans envious of the immortal Eldar is the name J. R. R. Tolkien in his fictional universe of Middle_earth gave to those of the Elves that accepted the summons of Oromë. ...Eldar, who they had come to physically resemble. The Eldar sought ever to remind the men of Númenór however, that death was a gift of the One God, Eru (the One), also called Ilúvatar (the Father of All), is the name in the legendarium of J.R.R. Tolkien for the supreme God, the creator of the angels ( Ainur) and the universe ( Eä). ...Ilúvatar, to all men, and the will of Ilúvatar could not be gainsaid. After S.A 2221, when Tar_Ancalimon became King of Númenor;

..the people of Númenor became divided. On the one hand was the greater party, and they were called the Different people known as the Kings Men: Kings Men was William Shakespeares playing company, together with Richard Burbage et al. ...King's Men, and they grew proud and were estranged from the In J. R. R. Tolkiens fantasy universe, Middle_earth, the Valar are the Powers of Arda who live on the Western continent of Aman. ...Valar and the Eldar. ('Akallabêth' ~ The Silmarillion)

The 'King's Men', ultimately became vulnerable to the corruption of The main part of this article relates to the version of Middle_earths history that is considered canon by most Tolkien fans who accept such labels (see: Middle_earth canon). ...Sauron, who

..naturally had the One Ring, and so very soon dominated the minds and wills of most of the Númenóreans. (Letters ~ No. 211)

Eventually, in Númenor's last years, its powerful and elderly King In the fictional universe of J. R. R. Tolkien, Ar_Pharaz n the Golden (3118 _ 3319 S.A., r. ...Ar_Pharazon, who had become "frightened of old age" (Letters ~ No.156), was persuaded by Sauron that Ilúvatar was a lie invented by the Valar, and seduced him;

..back to the worship of the Dark, and of Melkor the Lord thereof, at first in secret, but ere long openly and in the face of his people. ('Akallabêth' ~ The Silmarillion)

Within Númenor, the majority quickly followed suit, and this worship quickly passed across the ocean to most of Númenor's colonies in Middle_earth;

The Men of Númenor were settled far and wide on the shores and seaward regions of the Great Lands, but for the most part they fell into evils and follies. Many became enamoured of the Darkness and the black arts.. ('The Window on the West' ~ Dust jacket of the 1968 UK edition The Lord of the Rings is an epic fantasy story by J. R. R. Tolkien, a sequel to his earlier work, The Hobbit. ...The Lord of the Rings)

These 'black arts' and 'follies' were presumably the earliest culture traits of those who became known as Black Númenóreans;

..for in the days of the sojourn of Sauron in that land the hearts of well nigh all its people had been turned towards darkness. Therefore many of those who sailed east in that time and made fortresses and dwellings upon the coasts were already bent to his will.. (' Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age is the fifth and last part of The Silmarillion by J. R. R. Tolkien. ...Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age' ~ The Silmarillion)

This worship of Melkor and the Dark marked the final, irrevocable division between it's adherents and the 'Faithful' Númenóreans, who kept to their old beleif in Ilúvatar, but these were a small minority;



For many centuries after the Downfall, some descendants of the 'King's Men' held onto what became the most northerly and famous of their realms_in_exile, In J. R. R. Tolkiens universe of Middle_earth, a great haven to the far south of Gondor. ...Umbar, although

..because of the power of The main part of this article relates to the version of Middle_earths history that is considered canon by most Tolkien fans who accept such labels (see: Middle_earth canon). ...Gil_galad these renegades, lords both mighty and evil, for the most part took up their abodes in the southlands far away. ('Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age' ~ The Silmarillion)

Most of those few Númenóreans who had never envied the Eldar, and had always remained true to their belief in Ilúvatar, also survived the destruction of their homeland, and they established their own realms_in_exile north of Umbar, where previously had come

..only the Faithful of Númenor, and many therefore of the folk of the coastlands in that region were in whole or in part akin to the Elf_friends and the people of In Middle_earth, the fantasy universe of J. R. R. Tolkien, Elendil was a heroic figure. ...Elendil.. ('Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age' ~ The Silmarillion)

After founding Gondor is a fictional location from J. R. R. Tolkiens Middle_earth. ...Gondor and In the fiction of J.R.R. Tolkien, Arnor, or the Northern Kingdom, was a kingdom of the Dúnedain in the land of Eriador in Middle_earth. ...Arnor these self_styled 'Faithful' Númenóreans saw their southern counterparts as renegades, calling them

..the Black Númenóreans; for they established their dwellings in Middle_earth during the years of Sauron's domination, and they worshipped him, being enamoured of evil knowledge. ('The Black Gate Opens' ~ The Lord of the Rings)

The Black Númenóreans held a similiarly low opinion of 'The Faithful' and their descendants, as

..they inherited without lessening their hatred of Gondor. ('Appendix A' ~ The Lord of the Rings).

Two early Black Númenórean lords are named from the time of the late The Second Age is a fictional time period from J. R. R. Tolkiens universe of Middle_earth. ...Second Age: Herumor, which is Sindarin for Black Lord, was a Black Númenórean in the Middle_earth legendarium created by J.R.R Tolkien. ...Herumor and Fuinur, which is Sindarin for Shadow Lord, was a Black Númenórean in the Middle-earth legendarium created by J.R.R Tolkien. ...Fuinur. Like all Black Númenóreans and 'King's Men' before them, Herumor and Fuinur desired power over men of other, lesser races, and they "rose to (great) power amongst the The Haradrim or Southrons, are a race of Men in the Middle_earth, fantasy world created by J.R.R. Tolkien Spoiler warning: Lands of haradrim lie to the south of Gondor past the river Harnen, said to be of Swarthy skin, the Harad tribesmen as being skilled archers and...Haradrim", the peoples neighbouring Umbar. Their fate is unknown, but they likely shared Sauron's defeat at the hands of the The Last Alliance of Elves and Men is an episode in J.R.R. Tolkiens fictional universe of Middle_earth. ...Last Alliance of Elves and Men.


The Black Númenórean style of governing was no doubt tyrannical, but may also have involved a tradition of Duumviracy is rule by two people, as with the consuls of the early Roman Republic and, perhaps, among the Black Numenoreans of J.R.R. Tolkiens Middle_earth legendarium. ...duumviracy, at least in Umbar, whose lords are usually paired when mentioned; Herumor/Fuinur for example, were probably rulers of Umbar, as much later Angamaite/Sangahyando were. Whatever political system was in place, however, the Black Númenóreans did not govern effectively;

..some were given over wholly to idleness and ease, and some fought amongst themselves, until they became conquered in their weakness by the wild men. ('The Window on the West' ~ The Lord of the Rings)

The triumph of the Last Alliance marked the decline of the Black Númenórean race and the end of their racial superiority;

After the fall of Sauron their race swiftly dwindled or became merged with the Men of Middle_earth.. ('Appendix A' ~ The Lord of the Rings).

Nevertheless, a Black Númenórean elite survived at least in Umbar for over a thousand years after Númenor's fall, maintaining much influence in In J. R. R. Tolkiens fictional world of Middle_earth, Haradwaith is a region south of Gondor and Mordor. ...Haradwaith. As late as 1015 T.A., for example, even after being exiled from their homeland for nearly a century;

..the Men of Harad, led by the lords that had been driven from Umbar, came up with great power against that stronghold.. (from 'Appendix A' of 'The Lord of the Rings').

The Black Númenóreans did not use In J. R. R. Tolkiens fantasy world of Middle_earth, the Westron or Common Speech is the closest thing to a universal language, at least at the time during which The Lord of the Rings is set. ...Westron, but probably retained their old tongue In the fiction of J. R. R. Tolkien, Adûnaic (language of the west) was the language of the men of Númenor during the Second Age. ...Adûnaic, speaking a dialect of it. (In The Notion Club Papers is the title of an abandoned novel by J. R. R. Tolkien, written during 1945 and published posthumously in Sauron Defeated, the 9th volume of The History of Middle_earth. ...The Notion Club Papers, part of The History of The Lord of the Rings is a 4_volume work by Christopher Tolkien that documents the process of J. R. R. Tolkiens writing of his masterwork The Lord of the Rings (LotR). ...Sauron Defeated, Arundel Lowdham cited two descendants of classical Adûnaic. One of these must have been Westron, the other the tongue of the Black Númenóreans (Black Adûnaic?).


The Black Númenóreans are absent from recorded history after their defeat by Hyarmendacil I is a fictional character in J. R. R. Tolkiens universe of Middle_earth. ...Ciryaher in T.A 1050., but a population of sorts must have survived somewhere at least until the end of the The Third Age is a fictional time period from J. R. R. Tolkiens universe of Middle_earth. ...Third Age, as In J. R. R. Tolkiens universe of Middle_earth, the Mouth of Sauron was the Dark Lord Saurons servant and representative. ...The Mouth of Sauron, who mocked the army of Promotional poster featuring Viggo Mortensen as Aragorn in New Line Cinemas motion pictures directed by Peter Jackson. ...King Elessar in front of the The Black Gate or Morannon is a fictional location in J. R. R. Tolkiens universe of Middle_earth. ...Morannon was described both as a Black Númenórean and "Renegade", which is presumably the term used by the Free Peoples of that time to describe all folk of similiar ancestry.


In one of his letters, Tolkien wrote that In J. R. R. Tolkiens fictional universe of Middle-earth, Queen Berúthiel was a Queen of Gondor. ...Queen Berúthiel, wife of Gondor's King Tarannon Falastur is a fictional character in J. R. R. Tolkiens universe of Middle_earth, the twelfth King of Gondor. ...Tarannon Falastur was a Black Númenórean, from a Black Númenórean realm he describes as "the inland city" somewhere south of Umbar. This was a loveless union, and was presumaby a political accommodation: that such arrangements were possible implies the existence at that time of more Gondor_friendly Black Númenóreans than the much later Mouth Of Sauron.


Three of the In the fiction of J.R.R. Tolkien, the Nazgûl (Black Speech: Ringwraiths, sometimes written Ring_wraiths), also known as the Nine Riders or Black Riders (or simply the Nine), are evil servants of Sauron in Middle_earth. ...Ringwraiths can be considered among the first and most powerful Black Númenóreans, even though their origin predates Númenor's fall by about 1000 years: they served Sauron, being enslaved to his will, having become so because of their lust for power or knowledge.


 
 

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