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Encyclopedia > Black Caiman
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Black Caiman
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Sauropsida
Order: Crocodylia
Family: Alligatoridae
Genus: Melanosuchus
Species: M. niger
Binomial name
Melanosuchus niger
Spix, 1825

The Black Caiman (Melanosuchus niger) is a threatened species, related to alligators. It is a carnivorous reptile that lives along slow-moving rivers and lakes, in the seasonally flooded savannas of the Amazon basin, and in other freshwater habitats in South America. Once common, it was hunted to near extinction primarily for its commercially valuable hide. The conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species continuing to survive either in the present day or the future. ... Image File history File links Status_iucn2. ... Conservation Dependent (LR/cd) was an IUCN category assigned to species or lower taxa which were dependent on conservation efforts to prevent the taxon becoming threatened with extinction. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... Animalia redirects here. ... {{{subdivision_ranks}}} See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... Subclasses Anapsida Diapsida Reptiles are tetrapods and amniotes, animals whose embryos are surrounded by an amniotic membrane. ... Genera Mecistops Crocodylus Osteolaemus See full taxonomy. ... Living Genera Alligator Caiman Melanosuchus Paleosuchus Alligators and caimans are reptiles closely related to the crocodiles and forming the family Alligatoridae (sometimes regarded instead as the subfamily Alligatorinae). ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal method of naming species. ... Johann Baptist von Spix (February 9, 1781 - March 14, 1826) was a German naturalist. ... Opening of the Stockton and Darlington Railway 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... This article deals with meat-eating animals. ... Subclasses Anapsida Diapsida Reptiles are tetrapods and amniotes, animals whose embryos are surrounded by an amniotic membrane. ... River Gambia flowing through Niokolokoba National Park A river is a large natural waterway. ... A man-made lake in Keukenhof, Netherlands A lake is a body of water or other liquid of considerable size surrounded by land. ... Savanna at Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania. ... Amazon River basin The Amazon Basin is the part of South America drained by the Amazon River and its tributaries. ... For the village on the Isle of Wight, see Freshwater, Isle of Wight. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...


The black caiman can grow to about 6 meters (20 feet)[citation needed] in length, and is both the largest member of the Alligatoridae family and the Amazon's largest predator. They eat fish, including piranhas, electric eels, birds, turtles, and land-dwelling animals like the capybara and deer when they come to the water to get a drink. Larger specimens can take tapirs, pumas, anacondas and jaguars. Their teeth are designed to grab but not rip, so they swallow their food whole after drowning it. Immature specimens eat crustaceans and insects. Healthy adult black caimans have no predators other than humans and one of the apex predator in its habitat. The caiman's excrement was once a substantial food source for the plankton which form the base of the aquatic Amazonian food chain, and their rarity has thus led to a concomitant decline of many species, including some that provide an important food source for humans. The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet; symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Living Genera Alligator Caiman Melanosuchus Paleosuchus Alligators and caimans are reptiles closely related to the crocodiles and forming the family Alligatoridae (sometimes regarded instead as the subfamily Alligatorinae). ... A giant grouper at the Georgia Aquarium Fish are aquatic vertebrates that are typically cold-blooded; covered with scales, and equipped with two sets of paired fins and several unpaired fins. ... Genera Catoprion Pristobrycon Pygocentrus Pygopristis Serrasalmus The piranhas or pirañas are a group of carnivorous freshwater fish living in South American rivers. ... Binomial name Electrophorus electricus Linnaeus, 1766 The electric eel, Electrophorus electricus, is a species of fish. ... Aves redirects here. ... Suborders Cryptodira Pleurodira See text for families. ... Binomial name Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris (Linnaeus, 1766) Capybara range The capybara (also capibara), Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris (Water pig) is a semi-aquatic herbivorous animal, the largest of living rodents. ... Fawn redirects here. ... Species Tapirus bairdii - Bairds Tapir Tapirus indicus - Malayan Tapir Tapirus pinchaque - Mountain Tapir Tapirus terrestris - Brazilian Tapir A tapir is a large, browsing animal, roughly the shape of an over-sized pig but with a short, prehensile trunk. ... Binomial name Puma concolor (Linnaeus, 1771) Puma range map The puma (Puma concolor), also known as the cougar or mountain lion, is a large, solitary cat found in the Americas. ... Species 4, see article. ... For other uses, see Jaguar (disambiguation). ... Classes & Subclasses Branchiopoda Phyllopoda Sarsostraca Remipedia Cephalocarida Maxillopoda Thecostraca Tantulocarida Branchiura Pentastomida Mystacocarida Copepoda Ostracoda Myodocopa Podocopa Malacostraca Phyllocarida Hoplocarida Eumalacostraca The crustaceans (Crustacea) are a large group of arthropods, comprising approximately 52,000 described species [1], and are usually treated as a subphylum [2].They include various familiar animals... Orders See taxonomy Insects are invertebrates that are taxonomically referred to as the class Insecta. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The black caiman has a bony ridge over red eyes, and black, scaly skin. The skin coloration helps with camouflage during its nocturnal hunts, but may also help absorb heat (See thermoregulation). A nocturnal animal is one that sleeps during the day and is active at night - the opposite of the human (diurnal) schedule. ... Thermoregulation is the ability of an organism to keep its body temperature within certain boundaries, even when temperature surrounding is very different. ...


In December, females build a nest of soil and vegetation, which is about 1.5 meters (5 feet) across and 0.75 meters wide (2.5 feet). They lay from 50 to 60 eggs, which hatch in about six weeks. They sometimes eat their young. In most birds and reptiles, an apple (Latin ovum) is the zygote, resulting from fertilization of the ovum. ... Cannibalism is the act or practice of eating members of the same species, e. ...


Their main predator is humans, who hunt them for leather or meat. Trinomial name Homo sapiens sapiens Linnaeus, 1758 Humans, or human beings, are bipedal primates belonging to the mammalian species Homo sapiens (Latin for wise man or knowing man) under the family Hominidae (the great apes). ...

Range of the Black Caiman (Melanosuchus niger)
Range of the Black Caiman (Melanosuchus niger)


Image File history File links Range_of_Melanosuchus_niger. ... Image File history File links Range_of_Melanosuchus_niger. ...


References

  • Ross (2000). Melanosuchus niger. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 05 May 2006. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is dependent on conservation

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List and Red Data List), created in 1963, is the worlds most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of plant and animal species. ... The World Conservation Union or International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ...

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