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Encyclopedia > Black
— Commonly represents —
lack, evil, darkness, bad luck, crime, mystery, silence, concealment, execution, end, chaos, death, and secrecy
About these coordinates
About these coordinates
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #000000
B (r, g, b) (0, 0, 0)
HSV (h, s, v) (-°, -%, 0%)
Source By definition
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Black is the color of objects that do not emit or reflect light in any part of the visible spectrum; they absorb all such frequencies of light. Sometimes black is described as an "achromatic color", but in practice it can be considered a color, as in expressions like "black cat" or "black paint". Look up black in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up lack in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Evil (disambiguation). ... Dark redirects here. ... This article is about fortune. ... Silence is a relative or total lack of sound. ... Look up hiding in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up end in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Chaos (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Death (disambiguation). ... Secrecy is the practice of sharing information among a group of people, which can be as small as one person, while hiding it from others. ... Web colors are colors used in designing web pages, and the methods for describing and specifying those colors. ... For other uses, see Red (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Green (disambiguation). ... This article is about the colour. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... An image with the hues cyclically shifted The hues in the image of this Painted Bunting are cyclically rotated with time. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Chromaticity. ... Brightness is an attribute of visual perception in which a source appears to emit a given amount of light. ... Color is an important part of the visual arts. ... The term reflection (also spelt reflexion) can refer to several different concepts: In mathematics, reflection is the transformation of a space. ... For other uses, see Light (disambiguation). ... Visible light redirects here. ...


Color or light in science


Black can be defined as the visual impression experienced in directions from which no visible light reaches the eye. (This makes a contrast with whiteness, the impression of any combination of colors of light that equally stimulates all three types of color-sensitive visual receptors.) Image File history File linksMetadata Bitola-monastery. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Bitola-monastery. ... The optical spectrum (light or visible spectrum) is the portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that is visible to the human eye. ... This article is about the color. ... Color is an important part of the visual arts. ... For other uses, see Light (disambiguation). ...

Pigments that absorb light rather than reflect it back to the eye "look black". A black pigment can, however, result from a combination of several pigments that collectively absorb all colors. If appropriate proportions of three primary pigments are mixed, the result reflects so little light as to be called "black".

This provides two superficially opposite but actually complementary descriptions of black. Black is the lack of all colors of light, or an exhaustive combination of multiple colors of pigment. See also Primary colors This article is about the book. ...

† various CMYK combinations
c m y k
0% 0% 0% 100% (canonical)
100% 100% 100% 0% (ideal inks, theoretical only)
100% 100% 100% 100% (registration black)

In physics, a black body is a perfect absorber of light, but by a rule derived by Einstein it is also, when heated, the best emitter. Thus, the best radiative cooling, out of sunlight, is by using black paint, though it is important that it be black (a nearly perfect absorber) in the infrared as well. Cyan, magenta, yellow, and key (black) CMYK (or sometimes YMCK) is a subtractive color model used in color printing. ... Subtractive color mixing An 1877 color photo by Louis Ducos du Hauron, a French pioneer of color photography. ... In CMYK printing, registration black refers to 100% coverage in each of the four process colors: cyan (C), magenta (M), yellow (Y), and black (K). ... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ... As the temperature decreases, the peak of the black body radiation curve moves to lower intensities and longer wavelengths. ... “Einstein” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Infrared (disambiguation). ...

In elementary science, far Ultraviolet light is called "black light" because, unseen (per se), it causes many minerals and other substances to fluoresce. In common use, phosphorescence also refers to the emission of light by bioluminescent plankton, and some other forms of chemoluminescence. ...

On January 16, 2008, researchers from Troy, New York’s Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute announced the creation of the darkest material on the planet. The material, which reflects only .045 percent of light, was created from carbon nanotubes stood on end. It absorbs nearly 30 times more light than the current standard for blackness[citation needed], and is 3 times darker than the current record holder for darkest substance. Scientists claim that the new material has great potential in the manufacturing of solar panels.[1] Looking west down Broadway at downtown Troy. ... Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, or RPI, is a nonsectarian, coeducational private research university in Troy, New York, a city lying just outside the state capital of Albany. ... // 3D model of three types of single-walled carbon nanotubes. ... A laundromat in California with flat-plate solar water heating collectors on its roof. ...

Absorption of light

In keeping with the law of conservation of energy, as a black color surface absorbs the light particles that hit it, the surface's particles are getting excited (excited particles = higher temperature). The color black attracts heat and absorbs it making the object that is black warmer, because the particles have warmed up and are moving faster. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the law of conservation of energy in physics. ... For other uses, see Light (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Temperature (disambiguation). ...

Usage, symbolism, colloquial expressions

A black cat
A black cat

Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...

Neutral symbolism

Some of these can be seen as positive or negative, depending on one's stance. For example, superstitions related to black cats hold them to be bad luck in the U.S. and good luck in the UK. Superstition is a set of behaviors that may be faith based, or related to magical thinking, whereby the practitioner believes that the future, or the outcome of certain events, can be influenced by certain of his or her behaviors. ... This article is about good and bad fortune. ... Good Luck!! is a 2003 Japanese television drama produced by TBS. Starring Takuya Kimura and Kō Shibasaki, Good Luck!! topped the Japanese drama ratings with a whopping 35% viewership in 2003. ...

Authority and seriousness

Black can be seen as the color of authority and seriousness.

A goth couple
A goth couple

Japanese culture and language Japans isolation until the arrival of the Black Ships and the Meiji era produced a culture distinctively different from any other, and echoes of this uniqueness persist today. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Hawaiian State Grappling Championships. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Icons of tokusatsu in the late 1970s: Spider-Man, Kamen Rider Stronger, Kamen Rider V3, Battle Fever J, Ultraman Jonias, as well as the manga and anime icon Doraemon Tokusatsu ) is a Japanese word that literally means special effects. ... The official logo of the Super Sentai Series introduced in 2000 during the run of Mirai Sentai Timeranger The Super Sentai Series ) is the name given to the long running Japanese superhero team genre of shows produced by Toei Company Ltd. ... Power Rangers is a long-running American childrens television series adapted from the Japanese tokusatsu Super Sentai Series, though it is not simply an English dub of the original. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... Mashriq Dynasties  Maghrib Dynasties  The Abbasid Caliphate Abbasid (Arabic: , ) is the dynastic name generally given to the caliph of Baghdad, the second of the two great Sunni dynasties of the Arab Empire, that overthrew the Umayyad caliphs from all but Spain. ... For main article see: Caliphate The Caliph (pronounced khaleef in Arabic) is the head of state in a Caliphate, and the title for the leader of the Islamic Ummah, an Islamic community ruled by the Sharia. ... The Arab states include 22 countries spanning Asia and Africa. ... French mobile gendarmes doing riot control. ... Ertzaintza is the police force of the Basque Country, one of the autonomous communities of Spain. ... See also Fiat Panda. ... For other uses, see Black Watch (disambiguation). ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ...


Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and U.S. President Ronald Reagan wearing black tie with wives in Quebec, Canada, March 18, 1985. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ... For other uses, see Concert (disambiguation). ... A recital is an instrumental or vocal performance given by a single person (perhaps accompanied by piano) or a performance of the works of a single composer. ... For the fish called lawyer, see Burbot. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... An Oxford University DPhil in full academic dress. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... This article is about religious workers. ... For other senses of this word, see denomination. ... Hasidic Judaism (Hebrew: Chasidut חסידות) is a Haredi Jewish religious movement. ... The complex relationship between women and Islam is defined by both Islamic texts and the history and culture of the Muslim world. ... This list of types of sartorial hijab indexes styles of clothing found in predominantly Muslim societies commonly associated with the word hijab. ... A shop selling abayasin Bahrain The abaya is an overgarment worn by some women in Muslim-majority countries. ... This article is about the subculture. ... Look up emo in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The punk subculture is a subculture that is based around punk rock. ... Punk fashion is the styles of clothing, hairstyles, cosmetics, jewelry, and body modifications of the punk subculture. ...


  • The term "black" is often used in the West to denote the race of people whose skin color ranges from light to darker shades of brown. For a discussion of usage, see the main entry at Black people and color terminology for race.

Occident redirects here. ... For other uses, see Race. ... Historical data for native populations collected by R. Biasutti prior to 1940. ... For other uses, see Brown (disambiguation). ... Though most indigenous Africans possess relatively dark skin, they exhibit much variation in physical appearance. ... In some societies, color terminology are or were used in racial classifications. ...


Anarchist flag
Anarchist flag

Black-and-white or black and white) can refer to a general term used in photography, film, and other media (see black-and-white). ... A dichotomy is a division into two non-overlapping or mutually exclusive and jointly exhaustive parts. ... China is the worlds oldest continuous major civilization, with written records dating back about 3,500 years and with 5,000 years being commonly used by Chinese as the age of their civilization. ... Anarchism is a generic term describing various political philosophies and social movements that advocate the elimination of hierarchy and imposed authority. ...


  • The List of black flags, although not exclusively political, gives many political meanings.
  • Black is used for anarchist symbolism, sometimes split in diagonal with other colors to show alignment with another political philosophy. The plain black flag is explained in various ways, sometimes as an anti-flag or a non-flag. Wearing black clothing is also sometimes an anarchist tactic during demonstrations, with a practical benefit of not attracting attention and making later identification of a subject difficult. This strategy is referred to as a black bloc.
  • In Portuguese politics, black (and red) is the party color of the Left Bloc.
  • The blackshirts were Italian Fascist militias.
  • The black triangle was used by the Nazis to designate "asocial" people (homeless and Roma, for example); later the symbol was adopted by lesbian culture.

This article discusses various anarchist symbols, including the circle-A and the black flag. ... This article discusses various anarchist symbols, including the circle-A and the black flag. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Political philosophy is the study of fundamental questions about the state, government, politics, liberty, justice, property, rights, law and the enforcement of a legal code by authority: what they are, why (or even if) they are needed, what makes a government legitimate, what... Black Flag may refer to: Black Flag (insecticide), a brand of insecticide made by the Fountainhead Group Black Flag (band), a hardcore punk band Czarny Sztandar (1903), a BiaÅ‚ystok anarchist organisation Chernoe Znamja (1905), a Geneva anarchist newspaper Black Flag (newspaper), an anarchist newspaper Black Flag Army, a bandit... A black bloc is an affinity group, or cluster of affinity groups,[1] that comes together during some sort of protest, demonstration, or other event involving class struggle, anti-capitalism, or anti-globalization. ... Leftwing Bloc (Portuguese: Bloco de Esquerda) is a Portuguese left-wing political party founded in 1999. ... For the University of Nebraska–Lincoln football teams defense, see Blackshirts (football). ... Italian fascism (in Italian, fascismo) was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... This article is about the Black Triangle as a badge or symbol: for other uses see the disambiguation page Black triangle. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... Language(s) Romani, languages of native region Religion(s) Romanipen, combined with assimilations from local religions Related ethnic groups South Asians (Desi) This article is about the Indo-Aryan ethnic group. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for an encyclopedia. ...

Popular culture

For the song of the same name, recorded by Tracy Byrd and later by Jason Aldean, see Johnny Cash (song). ... The Man in Black may refer to: Real people Johnny Cash, the American country and western singer, who regularly performed dressed all in black. ... Black Hole Sun is a song by 1990s grunge band Soundgarden. ... The Grammy Award for Best Hard Rock Performance has been awarded since 1990. ... Soundgarden was an American rock band formed in Seattle, Washington in 1984 by lead singer and drummer Chris Cornell, lead guitarist Kim Thayil, and bassist Hiro Yamamoto. ... Superunknown is the fourth album by the Seattle grunge band Soundgarden. ... A-Sides is a best-of album by Soundgarden with songs spanning their 10 year career. ... This article is about the musical genre. ... Darkthrone is an influential Norwegian black metal band. ... Look up mayhem in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Folk music, in the original sense of the term, is music by and of the people. ... This article is about the folk song. ... This article is about the band. ... Amy-Jade Winehouse (born 14 September 1983) is an English soul, jazz, R&B singer and songwriter. ... This article is about the album. ... Stan and Jan Berenstain are best known for creating the childrens book series The Berenstain Bears. ... Families Adelgidae Aphididae Pemphigidae Phylloxeridae and several more Aphids (superfamily Aphidoidea) are small plant-sucking insects. ... For other uses, see Rose (disambiguation). ...


  • The term "black hole" is applied to collapsed stars. This term is metaphorical however, because few properties of black objects or black voids apply to black holes. However, light emitted within a black hole's event horizon cannot escape, hence a black hole cannot be directly observed.
  • Black sky refers to the appearance of space as one emerges from the Earth's atmosphere.

For other uses, see Black hole (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For the science fiction film, see Event Horizon (film). ...


For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... First international Australia 3 - 22 New Zealand (15 August 1903) Largest win New Zealand 145 - 17 Japan (4 June 1995) Worst defeat Australia 28 - 7 New Zealand (28 August 1999) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 1987 All Black redirects here. ... The New Zealand cricket team, also known as the Black Caps, played their first Test in 1930 vs England in Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Alternative meanings at Kiwi (disambiguation) Apterygidae Apteryx Species A kiwi is any of the species of small flightless birds native to New Zealand of the genus Apteryx (the only genus in family Apterygidae). ... “Soccer” redirects here. ... A referee presides over a game of association football (soccer). ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970–present) Current uniform Team colors Silver and Black Personnel Owner Al Davis General Manager Al Davis Head Coach Lane Kiffin Team history Oakland Raiders (1960... Steelers redirects here. ... NFL logo For other uses of the abbreviation NFL, see NFL (disambiguation). ... The San Antonio Spurs are an American professional basketball team based in San Antonio, Texas. ... The Miami Heat (known as the HEAT [in all capital letters] on official team publications) is a professional basketball team based in Miami, Florida, United States. ... NBA redirects here. ... Internazionale Milano Football Club is an Italian football club based in Milan, Lombardy, which plays in the Serie A. It is more commonly known as Inter, and often named Inter Milan in foreign countries. ... This article is about the Italian football league. ... The Italian football league system is a series of interconnected leagues for football clubs in Italy. ... Juuso Pykälistö driving a Peugeot 206 World Rally Car at the 2003 Swedish rally Racing cars redirects here. ... This article is about the sport. ... This article is about the sport. ...

Ambiguity and secrecy

  • Black frequently symbolizes ambiguity, secrecy, and the unknown.
  • A black box is any device whose internal workings are unknown or inexplicable. In theatre, the black box is a smaller, undecorated theater whose auditorium and stage relationship can be configured in various way.
  • A black project is a secretive project, like Enigma Decryption, other classified military programs or operations, Narcotics, or police sting operations.
  • Some organizations are called "black" when they keep a low profile, like Sociétés Anonymes and secret societies.
  • A polished black mirror is used for scrying, and is thought to help see into the paranormal world without interference or distraction.

Look up ambiguity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Secrecy is the practice of sharing information among a group of people, which can be as small as one person, while hiding it from others. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... For a discussion of how Enigma-derived intelligence was put to use, see Ultra (WWII intelligence). ... The term narcotic, derived from the Greek word for stupor, originally referred to a variety of substances that induced sleep (such state is narcosis). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... S.A. is the abbreviation of Société Anonyme in French, Sociedad Anónima in Spanish, Sociedade Anónima in Portuguese, or Naamloze Venootschap (N.V.) in Dutch, generally designating corporations in various countries. ... A secret society is a social organization that requires its members to conceal certain activities—such as rites of initiation or club ceremonies—from outsiders. ... The Crystal Ball by John William Waterhouse (1902, oil on canvas) Scrying (also called crystal gazing, crystal seeing, seeing, or peeping) is a magic practice that involves seeing things supernaturally in a medium, usually for purposes of divination or fortune-telling. ... Paranormal is an umbrella term used to describe a wide variety of reported anomalous phenomena. ...

Positive symbolism

  • Black can also be seen as the color of prestige: for example, limousines are usually in black.

File links The following pages link to this file: Allah ... File links The following pages link to this file: Allah ... Calligraphy (from Greek καλλι calli beauty + γραφος graphos writing) is the art of decorative writing. ... Allah is the Arabic language word for God. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... For the song from the band: Brand New, see Limousine (MS Rebridge). ...

Beliefs, religions and superstitions

  • In the Maasai tribes of Kenya and Tanzania, the color black is associated with rain clouds, a symbol of life and prosperity.
  • The medieval Christian sect known as the Cathars viewed black as a color of perfection.
  • The Rastafari movement sees black as beautiful.
  • Native Americans associated black with the life-giving soil.
  • The Hindu deity Krishna means "the black one".

Language(s) Maa (É”l Maa) Religion(s) Monotheism including Christianity Related ethnic groups Samburu The Masai are an indigenous African ethnic group of semi-nomadic people located in Kenya and northern Tanzania. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      A denomination, in the Christian sense... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Catharism. ... Haile Selassie I The Rastafari movement (also known as Rastafari, or simply Rasta) is a new religious movement[1] that accepts Haile Selassie I, the former Emperor of Ethiopia, as God incarnate, called Jah[2] or Jah Rastafari. ... For other uses, see Native Americans (disambiguation). ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... This article is about the Hindu deity. ...


  • To say one's accounts are "in the black" is used to mean that one is free of debt.
    • Being "in the red" is to be in debt—in traditional bookkeeping, negative amounts, such as costs, were printed in red ink, and positive amounts, like revenues, were printed in black ink, so that if the "bottom line" is printed in black, the firm is profiting.
  • Black Friday (shopping) occurs the day after Thanksgiving and is, statistically, the largest shopping day in the US. The idea is that the shopping that begins on this day can put a company into the black (i.e., make a profit) for the year.

In business, revenue is the amount of money that a company actually receives from its activities, mostly from sales of products and/or services to customers. ... For articles with similar names, see Bottom line (disambiguation). ... Black Friday is the day after Thanksgiving and is the beginning of the traditional Christmas shopping season in the United States. ... For other uses, see Thanksgiving (disambiguation). ...


  • In Western fashion, black is considered stylish, sexy, elegant and powerful.
  • The colloquialism "X is the new black" is a reference to the latest trend or fad that is considered a wardrobe basic for the duration of the trend, on the basis that black is always fashionable. The phrase has taken on a life of its own as a snowclone, and has been stretched and parodied as a rhetorical device and a cliche.

For other uses, see Fashion (disambiguation). ... _____ is the new black is a catch phrase and snowclone used to indicate the sudden popularity or versatility of an idea at the expense of the popularity of a second idea. ... A snowclone is a type of formula-based cliché that uses an old idiom in a new context. ... Rhetoric (from Greek , rhêtôr, orator, teacher) is generally understood to be the art or technique of persuasion through the use of oral, visual, or written language; however, this definition of rhetoric has expanded greatly since rhetoric emerged as a field of study in universities. ... Clich (from French, imitative) refers to: an overused phrase or expression, or the idea expressed by it; a situation, theme or characterization which has become common; a thing (as a style of clothing) that has become overly familiar or commonplace. ...

Negative symbolism

Black can also carry negative connotations. The reasons for this are various, but the most widely accepted explanations are that night is perceived as dangerous. Especially before electric lights, darkness was potentially threatening. A secondary reason is that stains are most visible as dark additions to pale materials. Some people associate black with evil and destruction as it naturally absorbs all light and even the Black Hole is described as 'nature's ultimate fury'. This article is about the time of day. ...

This use of the word and its associations carries over from night and objects to people as well. In traditional class-based Western cultures, pale skin indicated genteel domestic or intellectual indoor-work as opposed to rough outdoor labor in the fields. Aspects of this black/white opposition are not unique to the West, as, for example in the Indian varna system and in Japanese geisha makeup. African, Afro-Caribbean and African-American writers, such as Frantz Fanon, Langston Hughes, Maya Angelou, and Ralph Ellison, identify a number of negative symbolisms surrounding the word "black", arguing that the good vs. bad dualism associated with white and black provide prejudiced connotations to color terminology for race. The word Caste is derived from the Portuguese word casta, meaning lineage, breed or race. ... Typical nape make-up Geisha ) or Geigi ) are traditional, female Japanese entertainers, whose skills include performing various Japanese arts, such as classical music and dance. ... World map showing location of Africa A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second_largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ... Afro-Caribbean may refer to: the British Afro-Caribbean community other members of the African diaspora in or from the Carribean This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... Frantz Fanon (July 20, 1925 – December 6, 1961) was an author from Martinique, essayist, psychoanalyst, and revolutionary. ... Langston Hughes (February 1, 1902 – May 22, 1967) was an American poet, novelist, playwright, short story writer, and columnist. ... Maya Angelou (IPA: [1]), born Marguerite Ann Johnson, April 4, 1928 in St. ... Ralph Ellison (March 1, 1913[1] – April 16, 1994) was a scholar and writer. ... In some societies, color terminology are or were used in racial classifications. ...

Beliefs, religions and superstitions

  • Black is a symbol of mourning and bereavement in Western societies, especially at funerals and memorial services. In some traditional societies, within for example Greece and Italy, widows wear black for the rest of their lives. In contrast, across much of Africa and parts of Asia, white is a color of mourning and is worn during funerals.
  • In English heraldry, black means darkness, doubt, ignorance, and uncertainty. [2]

Margaret of Spain, Empress of Austria, in Mourning, 1666; note the children and servants in mourning dress behind her. ... Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ...

Symbolic dualism with white

  • Black magic is a destructive or evil form of magic, often connected with death, as opposed to white magic. This was already apparent during Ancient Egypt when the Cush Tribe invaded Egyptian plantations along the Nile River.
  • Evil witches are stereotypically dressed in black and good fairies in white.
  • Melodrama villains are dressed in black and heroines in white dresses.
  • In many Hollywood Westerns, bad cowboys wear black hats while the good ones wear white.
  • In computer security, a blackhat is an attacker with evil intentions, while a whitehat bears no such ill will. (This is derived from the Western movie convention.)

For other uses, see Black magic (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with Magic (illusion). ... For other uses, see Death (disambiguation). ... White Magic is a psych folk/indie folk band consisting of Mira Billotte and Doug Shaw. ... This article is part of the Witchcraft series. ... by Sophie Anderson A fairy, or faery, is a creature from stories and mythology, often portrayed in art and literature as a minuscule humanoid with wings. ... Poster for The Perils of Pauline (1914). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Black hat (disambiguation). ... This article describes how security can be achieved through design and engineering. ... Hacker is a term used to describe different types of computer experts. ... A Whitehat, also rendered as White hat or White-hat, is, in the realm of Information technology, a name that describes a person who is ethically opposed to the abuse of Computer systems. ...

Historical events

  • The Black Death, also known as the Black Plague, was a pandemic in Europe which killed tens of millions of people.
  • The Black Hole of Calcutta was the overcrowding of an impromptu prison cell in which many died.

Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The 1929 stock market crash devastated economies worldwide The Wall Street Crash refers to the stock market crash that occurred on October 29, 1929, when share prices on the New York Stock Exchange collapsed, leading eventually to the Great Depression. ... A stock market crash is a sudden dramatic decline of stock prices across a significant cross-section of a stock market. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Black Monday may refer to: Black Monday, Dublin, 1209 – when a group of 500 recently arrived settlers from Bristol were massacred by warriors of the Gaelic OByrne clan. ... A stock market crash is a sudden dramatic decline of stock prices across a significant cross-section of a stock market. ... is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year 1987. ... In British politics and economics, Black Wednesday refers to 16 September 1992 when the Conservative government was forced to withdraw the Pound from the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM) due to pressure by currency speculators—most notably George Soros who made over US$1 billion from this speculation. ...  Eurozone countries  ERM II countries  other EU countries  unilaterally adopted euro The European Exchange Rate Mechanism, ERM, was a system introduced by the European Community in March 1979, as part of the European Monetary System (EMS), to reduce exchange rate variability and achieve monetary stability in Europe, in preparation for... Black Friday may refer to: Black Friday (shopping), the day after Thanksgiving Day in the United States, one of the busiest shopping days of the year. ... Black Friday is the day after Thanksgiving and is the beginning of the traditional Christmas shopping season in the United States. ... Combatants PLO Jordan Commanders Yasser Arafat King Hussein Casualties 7,000-8,000 killed[1] This article, Black September in Jordan, describes the events surrounding September, 1970 in Jordan. ... Location of Sri Lanka Black July is the commonly used name of the pogroms starting in Sri Lanka on July 23, 1983. ... Languages Tamil Religions Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism Related ethnic groups Dravidian people Brahui people Kannadigas Malayalis Tamils Telugus Tuluvas Gonds The Tamil people are a multi-ethnic group from the Indian subcontinent with a recorded history going back more than two millennia. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Black Spring is a book published in 1936 by American writer Henry Miller on Obelisk Press in Paris, France. ... Languages Berber languages Religions Islam (mostly Sunni), Christianity (mostly Kabyle catholic) Berbers are the indigenous peoples of North Africa west of the Nile Valley. ... This article focuses on the geographical area of Kabylie and its people. ... This article concerns the mid fourteenth century pandemic. ... The Black Hole of Calcutta was a small dungeon where troops of the Nawab of Bengal held British prisoners of war after the capture of Fort William on June 20, 1756. ...


A black ram
A black ram
  • The black market is used to denote the trade of illegal goods, or alternatively the illegal trade of otherwise legal items at considerably higher prices, e.g. to evade rationing.
  • Black comedy is a form of comedy dealing with morbid and serious topics.
  • A blacklist is a list of undesirable persons or entities (to be placed on the list is to be "blacklisted").
  • To blackball someone is to block their entry into a club or some such institution. In the traditional English gentlemen's club, current members vote on the admission of a candidate by secretly placing a white or black ball in a hat. If upon the completion of voting, there was even one black ball amongst the white, the candidate would be denied membership, and he would never know who had "blackballed" him.
  • Blackmail is the act of threatening to reveal information about a person unless the threatened party fulfills certain demands. This information is usually of an embarrassing or socially damaging nature. Ordinarily, such a threat is illegal.
  • The black sheep of the family is the ne'er-do-well.
  • A black mood is a bad one (cf Winston Churchill's clinical depression, which he called "my black dog").[3]
  • If you sink the black eight-ball in billiards before all others are out of play, you lose. (The ball with which you sink all others is the white cue ball).
  • A black mark against you is a bad thing.
  • A black-hearted person is mean and unloving.
  • Black propaganda is the use of known falsehoods, partial truths, or masquerades in propaganda to confuse an opponent.

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into underground economy. ... Gasoline ration stamps being printed as a result of the 1973 oil crisis Rationing is the controlled distribution of resources and scarce goods or services. ... This article is about the tone of comedy. ... A comedy is a dramatic performance of a light and amusing character, usually with a happy conclusion to its plot. ... Blacklisted redirects here. ... The blackball was used in elections to membership of a Gentlemens club (and similarly organised institutions, such as Freemasonry). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A Gentlemens club is a members club, originally for male members of the English gentry. ... For other uses, see Blackmail (disambiguation). ... Black sheep is a derogatory colloquialism in the English language meaning an outsider or one who is different in a way which others disapprove of. ... Churchill redirects here. ... On the Threshold of Eternity. ... A cue ball resting atop pool chalk In billiard games, the cue ball is usually the ball that a player must hit with the cue. ... Black propaganda is propaganda that purports to be from a source on one side of a conflict, but is actually from the opposing side. ...


Black pigments include carbon black, ivory black, ebony, onyx and charcoal black. Carbon black is a material, today usually produced by the incomplete combustion of petroleum products. ... Bone char, also known as bone black or animal charcoal, is a granular black material produced by calcining animal bones: the bones are heated to high temperatures in the absence of air to drive off volatile substances. ... For other uses, see Ebony (disambiguation). ... This article is about the mineral. ... Charcoal is the blackish residue consisting of impure carbon obtained by removing water and other volatile constituents from animal and vegetation substances. ...


  1. ^ Darkest ever material created:
  2. ^ (The American Girls Handy Book, p. 370)
  3. ^ Hal Haralson. Dancing with the Black Dog. christianethicstoday.com. Retrieved on 2006-11-10.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

Image File history File links Sound-icon. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • All About Black

  Results from FactBites:
The Black Sheep Brewery, Masham North Yorkshire (288 words)
Situated at the gateway to Wensleydale, Masham is the home of the Black Sheep Brewery.
On this site you can learn how the Black Sheep Brewery was established in the early 90's, find out about our range of traditional ales, discover how they are brewed and where to drink them.
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