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Encyclopedia > Bivouac shelter
A bivouac shelter in North Canterbury, New Zealand

A Bivouac (pronounced biv-oo-ak) is an encampment by night, usually without tents or covering. Often it also refers to sleeping in the open with a bivouac sack, but it may also refer to a shelter constructed of natural materials like a structure of branches to form frame may be utilized, which is then covered with leaves, ferns and similar for waterproofing and duff (also known as leaflitter) for insulation. Single sided designs allow easy access and allow the heat of a fire into the shelter, whilst full roofed designs have much better heat retention. As a general rule the roof should be at least a foot thick and opaque to bright sunlight. Artificial Bivouacs can be constructed using a variety of available materials from corrugated iron sheeting or plywood, to groundsheets or purpose made Hootchs (Bashas). Although these have the advantage of being speedy to erect and resource efficient they have relatively poor insulative properties and are relatively easily damaged by the myriad sharp objects usually found in camp. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The New Zealand region of Canterbury is mainly composed of the Canterbury Plains and the surrounding mountains. ... Climbers bivouac outside a hermitage in Europe In mountaineering, a bivouac, bivy, bivy sack, bivi bag or sometimes, in the UK, Emergency Sack, is an extremely lightweight alternative to traditional tent systems. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Look up foliage in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Classes Psilotopsida Equisetopsida Marattiopsida Pteridopsida (Polypodiopsida) this dnt make sense A fern is any one of a group of about 20,000 species of plants classified in the phylum or division Pteridophyta, also known as Filicophyta. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Thermal insulation on the Huygens probe The term thermal insulation can refer to materials used to reduce the rate of heat transfer, or the methods and processes used to reduce heat transfer. ... Toy constructed from plywood. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


A hootchie (or Basha) is a simple tent, made from one or two sheets of waterproof fabric and some strong cord. Generally a Basha is made of RipStop Nylon with a reinforced seam, eyelets and loops or tabs are located along all four sides of the sheet and across the two central lines of symmetry. Usually measuring 6 foot by 8 foot (although much larger sizes can be found) the Basha is an extremely versatile shelter that can be erected in many different ways to suit the particular conditions of the location. (The word also sometimes refers to a special type of bivouac sack.) Basha is: Basha, a brand of waterproof sheet Basha, a South Indian movie starring Rajni Kanth. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Textile (disambiguation). ... Coils of rope used for long-line fishing A rope (IPA: ) is a length of fibers, twisted or braided together to improve strength for pulling and connecting. ... Climbers bivouac outside a hermitage in Europe In mountaineering, a bivouac, bivy, bivy sack, bivi bag or sometimes, in the UK, Emergency Sack, is an extremely lightweight alternative to traditional tent systems. ...


There are many different ways to put up a bivouac shelter. The most common method is use one bivouac sheet as the roof of the shelter and a second as the groundsheet. The 'roof' flysheet is suspended along in its ridge line by a cord tied between two trees which are a suitable distance apart. The four corners of the flysheet are then either pegged out or tied down to other trees. Care must be taken to leave a gap between the ground and the sheet to ensure that you can see out and that there is enough air flow to stop condensation. The roofs of Olomouc, Czech Republic. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ...


Storm poles are often used - these are poles made of metal and are used to hold up bivouacs. They are normally extendable and raise the heights of the bivouac. They are often used by fishermen. Hikers often use their extendable Trekking poles for the same purpose. A pair of typical trekking poles. ...


When making camp in a tropical situation, where sleeping off the ground is desirable, it is a common practice to string up a hammock underneath the bivouac rather than use a groundsheet. Campsites are often situated in or near forests. ... The tropics are the geographic region of the Earth centered on the equator and limited in latitude by the two tropics: the Tropic of Cancer in the north and the Tropic of Capricorn in the southern hemisphere. ... Garden hammock A couple in a hammock on the beach The hammock is a fabric sling used for sleeping or resting. ...


 
 

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