FACTOID # 13: New York has America's lowest percentage of residents who are veterans.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Bitter Sweet

Bitter Sweet is an operetta written by Noel Coward and first produced in 1929 at Her Majesty's Theatre in London. It ran for a very successful 967 performances. Operetta (literally, little opera) is a performance art-form similar to opera, though it generally deals with less serious topics. ... Noel Coward Sir Noel Peirce Coward (December 16, 1899 – March 26, 1973) was an English actor, playwright, and composer of popular music. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The relatively simple plot - set in 19th-Century and early 20th Century England and Austria-Hungary, and concerning a young woman's elopement with her music teacher - is used as the hook for a series of excellent light-operatic numbers, many with surprisingly complex melodies strongly reminiscent of the best work of Gilbert and Sullivan. Of the songs in the show, the best known by far is I'll See You Again, used as a recurring motif throughout the play. Short on memorable Cowardian dialogue, Bitter Sweet nonetheless stands out as containing some of Coward's best music and has always been popular in revivals around the world, a number of which have been recorded for posterity on CD. It was filmed twice, in 1933 in black-and-white (made in Britain and with Anna Neagle in the leading part) and in 1940 in Technicolor by MGM, starring Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy. It is said that Noel Coward wept when he saw the 1940 film version, because he thought it was terrible. For the periodical, see Nineteenth Century (periodical). ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... Sir W. S. Gilbert Sir Arthur Sullivan Librettist W. S. Gilbert (1836–1911) and composer Arthur Sullivan (1842–1900) collaborated on a series of fourteen comic operas in Victorian England between 1871 and 1896. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Anna Neagle Anna Neagle (October 20, 1904 - June 3, 1986) was a popular British actress and singer. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... Logo celebrating Technicolors 90th Anniversary Technicolor is the trademark for a series of color film processes pioneered by Technicolor Motion Picture Corporation (a subsidiary of Technicolor, Inc. ... MGM logo Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or MGM, is a large media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of cinema and television programs. ... Jeanette MacDonald Jeanette MacDonald (June 18, 1903 – January 14, 1965) was a singer and actress best remembered for her musical films of the 1930s with Maurice Chevalier (Love Me Tonight, The Merry Widow) and Nelson Eddy (Naughty Marietta, Rose Marie, and Maytime). ... Nelson Eddy Nelson Ackerman Eddy (born June 29, 1901; died March 6, 1967) was an American singer and film actor. ... Noel Coward Sir Noel Peirce Coward (December 16, 1899 – March 26, 1973) was an English actor, playwright, and composer of popular music. ...


Plot (spoiler included)

Using a flashback technique, the aged Marchioness of Shayne is transformed into the young Sarah Millick, having a singing lesson with Carl Linden. The action passes from London to Vienna, where Carl is fatally wounded in a duel, and back to London, where Sarah (now known as Sari), having become world-famous as an interpreter of Carl's songs, somewhat reluctantly accepts a marriage proposal from the Marquis of Shayne. Finally, the action is back to the Jazz Age where it was at the start of the show, and Sarah, who has never stopped loving Carl, sings sadly, The Jazz Age, describes the period of the 1920s, the years between the end of World War I and the start of the Great Depression, particularly in North America and (in the eras literature) specifically in New York City, largely coinciding with the Roaring Twenties; ending with the rise...

I shall love you till I die - good bye.

It has been suggested that the operetta has an early use of the word "gay" to mean "homosexual", in the song "Green Carnation" where four overdressed, 1890s dandies sing: GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ...

Pretty boys, witty boys, You may sneer
At our disintegration.
Haughty boys, naughty boys,
Dear, dear, dear!
Swooning with affectation...
And as we are the reason
For the "Nineties" being gay,
We all wear a green carnation.

The suggestion is that Coward uses the "gay nineties" as a double entendre. The song title alludes to the gay playwright Oscar Wilde, who famously wore a green carnation himself. (The first use of the word "gay" in this sense recorded by the Oxford English Dictionary is in a novel published in America in 1951, but earlier instances have been found.) This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Oscar Fingal OFlahertie Wills Wilde (October 16, 1854 – November 30, 1900) was an Irish playwright, novelist, poet, and short story writer. ... The Oxford English Dictionary print set The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is a dictionary published by the Oxford University Press (OUP), and is generally regarded as the most comprehensive and scholarly dictionary of the English language. ...


It has also been suggested that when MGM made the 1937 film Maytime, they unofficially used the basic storyline of Bitter Sweet, rather than using the plot of the stage Maytime. The film of Maytime has an aged Jeanette MacDonald living under a phony name, and recalling how, as a young opera singer, she fell in love with a young baritone (Nelson Eddy), who was eventually murdered by MacDonald's jealous music teacher (played by John Barrymore), whom MacDonald had felt obligated to marry. As a result of this film, when MGM remade Bitter Sweet with MacDonald and Eddy, they kept most of the original plot, but dropped the framing device in which the Marchioness appears. MGM logo Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or MGM, is a large media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of cinema and television programs. ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Maytime is a 1937 musical romance, starring Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy. ... Jeanette MacDonald Jeanette MacDonald (June 18, 1903 – January 14, 1965) was a singer and actress best remembered for her musical films of the 1930s with Maurice Chevalier (Love Me Tonight, The Merry Widow) and Nelson Eddy (Naughty Marietta, Rose Marie, and Maytime). ... Baritone (French: baryton; Deutsch: Bariton; Italian: baritono) is most commonly the type of male voice that lies between bass and tenor. ... Nelson Eddy Nelson Ackerman Eddy (born June 29, 1901; died March 6, 1967) was an American singer and film actor. ... John Sidney Blyth Barrymore (February 14, 1882 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania – May 29, 1942 in Los Angeles, California), was an American actor. ... MGM logo Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or MGM, is a large media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of cinema and television programs. ...


Although popular with amateur operatic societies, Bitter Sweet has had relatively few professional productions. The original production starred Peggy Wood as Sarah, with Georges Metaxa as Carl. Evelyn Laye had been the first choice to play Sarah, but turned it down as she was annoyed with the producer, C.B. Cochran who she felt had caused her marriage to actor Sonnie Hale to fail by putting him in a show opposite Jessie Matthews, with whom he had an affair. Laye later played the part on Broadway. The role of the aged Marquis of Shayne was played by the 26 year-old Alan Napier, later to gain fame as Batman's butler, Alfred, in the 1960's. Peggy Wood (February 9, 1892 - March 18, 1978) was an American actress of film and television. ... Evelyn Laye, OBE (July 10, 1900 - February 17, 1996) was an English theatre actress. ... Jessie Matthews, OBE (March 11, 1907 - August 19, 1981) was a popular British actress, dancer, and singer of the 1930s, whose career continued into the post-war period. ... Alan Napier (January 7, 1903 - August 8, 1988) was a British-born American character actor. ...


A revival at the Northcott Theatre, Exeter in the early 1980s with Jan Hartley-Morris as Sarah led to a large-scale revival in London which also toured the provinces in 1988. 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


This New Sadler's Wells Opera production by Ian Judge used a revised orchestration by Michael Reed, and was recorded complete (although without dialogue) by TER (That's Entertainment Records). On stage, Valerie Masterson and Ann Mackay alternated in the major leading part of Sarah, with Martin Smith as Carl and Rosemary Ashe as Manon. It was Valerie Masterson who was chosen to record her role in the recording. Michael Reed (1929 - ) is a British cinematographer who worked on several notable films in the 1960s and 1970s, including Dracula: Prince of Darkness and Shout at the Devil. ... Valerie Masterson (soprano) was born in Birkenhead and after studying at the Matthay School of Music in Liverpool and the Royal College of Music, she made her debut as Frasquita in Carmen in Salzburg in 1963. ... Martin Smith is the guitarist from Infinite Rapture ... Valerie Masterson (soprano) was born in Birkenhead and after studying at the Matthay School of Music in Liverpool and the Royal College of Music, she made her debut as Frasquita in Carmen in Salzburg in 1963. ...


The Long Beach Civic Light Opera in Southern California staged a celebrated production of Bitter Sweet in 1983 starring Shirley Jones as Sarah/Sari/Marchioness, and the Ohio Light Opera produced Bitter Sweet in 1993 and 1998, both times starring Julie Wright as Sarah/Sari/Marchioness. Downtown Los Angeles Skyline Southern California, also colloquially referred to as SoCal, is an informal name for the megalopolis and nearby desert that occupies the southern-most quarter of the U.S. state of California. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Shirley Jones, in a still from the opening credits of The Partridge Family Shirley Mae Jones (born March 31, 1934) is an Academy Award-winning singer and actress, perhaps best known for her role as Shirley Partridge, the widowed mother of five children, in the television series The Partridge Family... The Ohio Light Opera was founded as a cultural and educational endeavor by the College of Wooster in 1979 and is the only professional company in the United States entirely devoted to operetta. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ...


SONGS OF THE OPERETTA


ACT ONE

  • That Wonderful Melody
  • The Call of Life
  • If You Could Only Come with Me
  • I’ll See You Again
  • Polka
  • What is Love?
  • The Last Dance


ACT TWO

  • Ladies of the Town
  • If Love Were All
  • Dear Little Café
  • Bitter Sweet Waltz
  • We Wish to Order Wine
  • Tokay
  • Bonne Nuit, Merci
  • Kiss me

ACT THREE

  • Tara-ra—boom-de-ay
  • Alas! The Time is Past
  • We All Wear A Green Carnation
  • Zigeuner

Reference

Eames, John Douglas - The MGM Story: The Complete History of Fifty Roaring Years


  Results from FactBites:
 
Art Culinaire: Bitter sweet (1271 words)
Though sweetness is detected at the tip of the tongue and bitterness at the back, the two tastes meld together effortlessly; one arousing the other.
Fructose, lactose, and glucose are the bearers of sweetness.
"Combining bitter and sweet has no season; it is something that is always good, it is something to wake you up." The sweetness of sugar, milk, cream, and cheese are combined with the bitter qualities of coffee, chocolate, citrus, and almonds into something creamy, sweet and soft-unforgettable.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m