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Encyclopedia > Bitnet

BITNET was a cooperative U.S. university network founded in 1981 under the aegis of Ira Fuchs at the City University of New York (CUNY) and Greydon Freeman at Yale University. The first network link was between CUNY and Yale. Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... The City University of New York (CUNY; acronym: IPA pronunciation: ), is the public university system of New York City. ... Yale redirects here. ...


The requirements for a college or university to join BITNET were simple:

  • Lease a data circuit (phone line) from your site to an existing BITNET node.
  • Buy modems for each end of the data circuit, sending one to the connecting point site.
  • Allow other institutions to connect to your site.

From a technical point of view, BITNET differed from the Internet in that it was a point-to-point "store and forward" network. That is, e-mail messages and files were transmitted in their entirety from one server to the next until reaching their destination. From this perspective, BITNET was more like Usenet. This article is about a property agreement in private law. ... A telephone line (or just line) is a single-user circuit on a telephone communications system. ... A node is a device that is connected as part of a computer network. ... For other uses, see Modem (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Store and forward is a communications technique in which messages are sent to a intermediate station where they are kept and sent at a later time to the final destination or to another intermediate station. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Usenet (USEr NETwork) is a global, decentralized, distributed Internet discussion system that evolved from a general purpose UUCP architecture of the same name. ...


BITNET came to mean "Because It's Time Network", although the original meaning was "Because It's There Network".


Bitnet's NJE (Network Job Entry) network protocols, called RSCS, were used for the huge IBM internal network known as VNET. BITNET links originally ran at 9600 baud. The BITNET protocols were eventually ported to non-IBM mainframe operating systems, and became particularly widely implemented under VAX/VMS in addition to DECnet. In networking, a communications protocol or network protocol is the specification of a set of rules for a particular type of communication. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... VNET was a corporate email system from IBM (1988). ... For the town in France, see Baud, Morbihan. ... For other senses of this word, see protocol. ... For other uses, see Mainframe. ... An operating system (OS) is the software that manages the sharing of the resources of a computer and provides programmers with an interface used to access those resources. ... OpenVMS V7. ...


At its zenith around 1991, BITNET extended to almost 500 organizations and 3,000 nodes, all educational institutions. It spanned North America (in Canada it was known as NetNorth), Europe (as EARN) and some Persian Gulf states (as GulfNet). With the advent of TCP/IP systems and the Internet in the early 1990s, BITNET's popularity and use diminished quickly. Gateways existed on the ARPAnet and growing Internet to exchange email with Bitnet. Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... EARN (European Academic Research Network) – computer network which interconnected academic computing centres and provided a gateway between Europe and the USA. It was founded in July 1984 (legally incorporated in February 1985) and based in Paris, France. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... The Internet protocol suite is the set of communications protocols that implement the protocol stack on which the Internet and most commercial networks run. ...


The non-profit, educational policies, however well intended, limited exchange with commercial entities, including IBM itself when it came to assistance and software bug fixes. This became a particular problem in heterogeneous networks when trying to communicate assistance with graphical workstation vendors like SGI. In these ways, Usenet news groups found themselves superior to mailing lists. SGI is a TLA for at least three separate entities: Saskatchewan Government Insurance Scientific Games International Silicon Graphics, Incorporated Soka Gakkai International This page expands a three-character combination which might be any or all of: an abbreviation, an acronym, an initialism, a word in English, or a word in...


BITNET featured e-mail and the LISTSERV software, but predated the World Wide Web, FTP and Gopher. It also supported interactive sending of files and messages to other users. The Interchat Relay Network, popularly known as Bitnet Relay, was created with the network's instant messaging feature. BITNET's first electronic magazine, VM/COM, began as a University of Maine newsletter and surfaced broadly in early 1984. Two email newsletters that began as Bitnet newsletters in the fall of 1987 are known to still be transmitting. They are the Electronic Air and SCUP Email News, formerly SCUP Bitnet News. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... This article is about a specific electronic mailing list software application known as LISTSERV. See electronic mailing list for description of the generic email-based mailing lists. ... WWWs historical logo designed by Robert Cailliau The World Wide Web (commonly shortened to the Web) is a system of interlinked, hypertext documents accessed via the Internet. ... This article is about the File Transfer Protocol standardised by the IETF. For other file transfer protocols, see File transfer protocol (disambiguation). ... Gopher is a distributed document search and retrieval network protocol designed for the Internet. ... Bitnet Relay or officially The Interchat Relay Network or simply Relay was a precursor to todays Internet Relay Chat and various online chat systems. ... // Instant messaging (IM) is a form of real-time communication between two or more people based on typed text. ... The University of Maine, established in 1865, is the flagship university of the University of Maine System. ...


In 1984 a text-based BITNET game called MAD became the first global Multi-User Dungeon (MUD). Players connected from the USA, Europe or Israel to the unique server running in France. This article is about the year. ... Usually used in reference to a computer application, especially a computer game, a text-based application is one whose primary input and output are based on text rather than graphics. ... In 1984, on BITNET, a cooperative worldwide university network founded in 1981, two French students from the École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, Bruno Chabrier and Vincent Lextrait developed and operated a global MUD (Multi-User Dungeon, Domain or Dimension) named MAD (for Multi Access Dungeon). It ran... In computer gaming, a MUD (Multi-User Dungeon or Domain or Dimension) is a multi-player computer game that combines elements of role-playing games, hack and slash style computer games and social instant messaging chat rooms. ...


See also

  • History of the Internet

In the fifties and early sixties, prior to the widespread inter-networking that led to the Internet, most communication networks were limited by their nature to only allow communications between the stations on the network. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
BITNET - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (281 words)
BITNET came to mean "Because It's Time Network", although the original meaning was "Because It's There Network".
Bitnet's network protocols were used for a huge IBM internal network, which was larger than other networks such as ARPAnet for quite a while.
At its zenith around 1991, BITNET extended to almost 500 organizations and 3,000 nodes, all educational institutions.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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