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Encyclopedia > Bithiah
Edwin Long's 1886 painting of Batya finding the baby Moses
Edwin Long's 1886 painting of Batya finding the baby Moses

Bithiah, in Hebrew Batya (בִּתְיָה, literally daughter of God), is the name given to a character in the account of the Hebrew Exodus from Egypt in Rabbinic Midrash, as she is not named in the text. She was the foster mother of Moses, having drawn him from the Nile. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x1446, 167 KB) Description: Title: de: Pharaos Tochter-Die Auffindung Moses Technique: de: Öl auf Leinwand Dimensions: de: 196,7 × 276,8 cm Country of origin: de: Großbritanien Current location (city): de: Bristol Current location (gallery): de: City of Bristol... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x1446, 167 KB) Description: Title: de: Pharaos Tochter-Die Auffindung Moses Technique: de: Öl auf Leinwand Dimensions: de: 196,7 × 276,8 cm Country of origin: de: Großbritanien Current location (city): de: Bristol Current location (gallery): de: City of Bristol... The Babylonian Marriage Market Edwin Long was a British painter who was born in Bath in 1829 and died in 1891 of pneumonia. ... It has been suggested that Pharaoh of the Exodus be merged into this article or section. ... Midrash (Hebrew: מדרש; plural midrashim) is a Hebrew word referring to a method of exegesis of a Biblical text. ... Moses with the Tablets, 1659, by Rembrandt This article is about the Biblical figure. ...

Contents

In the Bible and Midrash

In the Biblical account, she is described as the daughter of Pharaoh, and is not named. The Midrash names her Bithiah, literally daughter of God, because of her compassion and pity in saving the baby Moses. In the Midrash (Leviticus Rabbah 1:3), God says to her that because she took in a child not her own, and called him her son (Moses can mean "child" in Egyptian), God will take her in and call her God's daughter (which is what Bithiah means). The Midrash portrays her as a pious and devoted woman, who would bathe in the Nile to cleanse herself of the impurity of idolatrous Egypt. She is mentioned in Chron. 1, 4:18, as being the wife of Mered from the tribe of Judah, who is identified in the Midrash as being Caleb, one of the 12 spies. The Midrash (Exodus Rabbah 18:3) also records that she was not affected by the 10 Plagues, and was the only female firstborn of Egypt to survive. Midrash (Hebrew: מדרש; plural midrashim) is a Hebrew word referring to a method of exegesis of a Biblical text. ... Midrash (Hebrew: מדרש; plural midrashim) is a Hebrew word referring to a method of exegesis of a Biblical text. ... Leviticus Rabbah, Vayikrah Rabbah, or Wayikra Rabbah is a homiletic midrash to the Biblical book of Leviticus (Vayikrah in Hebrew). ... The Book of Chronicles is a book in the Hebrew Bible (also see Old Testament). ... Mered is a biblical character, who was the husband of Bithiah. ... The Tribe of Judah (Hebrew: יְהוּדָה, Praise; Standard Hebrew , Tiberian Hebrew ) is one of the Hebrew tribes, founded by Judah, son of Jacob(Israel). ... Mark of Calebs grave, Timnat Serah Caleb, the son of Jephunneh is an important figure in the Hebrew Bible, noted for his faith in God when the Hebrew nation refuses to enter the promised land of Canaan. ... Midrash (Hebrew: מדרש; plural midrashim) is a Hebrew word referring to a method of exegesis of a Biblical text. ... The Plagues of Egypt (Hebrew: מכות מצרים, Makot Mitzrayim), the Biblical Plagues or the Ten Plagues (עשר המכות, Eser Ha-Makot) are the ten calamities inflicted upon Egypt by God in the Biblical story recounted the book of Exodus, chapters 7 - 12, in order to convince Pharaoh (possibly Ramesses II, making the pharaoh of...


In the Quran

In the Quran, Bithiah is known as Asiyah, one of four of "the best of women". Asiyah (One who tends to the weak, One who heals) is considered to be one of four great, noble, and pious women in Islamic history. ...


In movies

She is often portrayed as being the sister or wife of Pharaoh in adaptations of the story, in order to have Moses appear as Pharaoh's son. In the film The Ten Commandments, she is portrayed as the daughter of Ramses I and sister of the Egyptian pharaoh, Seti I, who raised Moses as her own son as her husband had died before they could have children. When Moses leads the Hebrews out of Egypt, she joins the Exodus. In the film The Prince of Egypt, she is shown as the wife of Seti I, and the birth mother of Raamses. The Ten Commandments is a 1956 epic film from Paramount Pictures in VistaVision directed by Cecil B. DeMille, which tells in the broadest Hollywood style the Bible story of Moses (Charlton Heston) as he struggles to get Pharaoh Rameses II (Yul Brynner) to let the Israelites leave Egypt. ... nomen or birth name Menpehtyre Ramesses I was the founding Pharaoh of Egypts 19th dynasty. ... Menmaatre Eternal is the Justice of Re Nomen Sety Merenptah Man of Set, beloved of Ptah Horus name Kanakht Khaemwaset-Seankhtawy Nebty name Wehemmesut Sekhemkhepesh Derpedjetpesdjet Golden Horus Wehemkhau Weserpedjutemtawnebu[1] Consort(s) Queen Tuya Issues Ramesses II, Tia, Henutmire (?) Father Ramesses I Mother Sitre Died 1279 BC Burial KV17... The Prince of Egypt is a 1998 American animated film, the first animated film produced and released by Dreamworks. ...


In the 1956 film she is shown as a compassionate and heroic woman, who casts her lot with the people of Israel and joins the Exodus. She takes part in the very first Passover Seder. She willingly and gladly gives up her place on her rich litter to help the weaker Israelites. When the Egyptian chariots attack, she tries to interpose herself between the charging army and the people. Her future husband Mered (see I Chronicles 4:18) dissuades her from this noble but suicidal action. When the Egyptian army drowns, it is her grieving reaction that the film shows (rather than the singing and dancing of the people, led by Miriam, that the book of Exodus tells about). Mered comforts her in her sorrow. It has been suggested that Pharaoh of the Exodus be merged into this article or section. ... Table set for the beginning of the Passover Seder, including Passover Seder Plate (front center), salt water, three shmurah matzot (rear center), and bottles of kosher wine. ... Mered is a biblical character, who was the husband of Bithiah. ... Miriam (Hebrew: מִרְיָם, Standard Tiberian  ; meaning either wished for child, bitter or rebellious) was the sister of Moses and Aaron, and the daughter of Amram and Jochebed. ...


Sources

The Encyclopaedia Judaica is a 26-volume English-language encyclopedia of the Jewish people and their faith, Judaism. ...

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