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Encyclopedia > Bison
Bison
Bison bison or buffalo
Bison bison or buffalo
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Bovinae
Genus: Bison
Hamilton Smith, 1827
Species

B. antiquus
B. bison
B. bonasus
B. latifrons
B. occidentalis
B. priscus
Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2700x1761, 1348 KB) Summary A bison, taken by the USDA http://www. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Subspecies B. b. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the presence of sweat glands, including milk producing sweat glands, and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex... Families Suidae Hippopotamidae Tayassuidae Camelidae Tragulidae Moschidae Cervidae Giraffidae Antilocapridae Bovidae The even-toed ungulates form the mammal order Artiodactyla. ... Subfamilies Bovinae Cephalophinae Hippotraginae Antilopinae Caprinae A bovid is any of almost 140 species of cloven-hoofed mammals belonging to the family Bovidae. ... Tribes Bovini Boselaphini Strepsicerotini The biological subfamily Bovinae (or bovines) includes a diverse group of about 24 species of medium-sized to large ungulates, including domestic cattle, Bison, the Water Buffalo, the Yak, and the four-horned and spiral-horned antelopes. ... See Charles Smith for other people with that name Charles Hamilton Smith (1776–1859) was a British artist, naturalist, antiquary, soldier and spy. ... For other uses, see Species (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Bison antiquus Leidy, 1852 The Ancient Bison, Bison antiquus, was the most common large herbivore of the North American continent and is a direct ancestor of the living North American bison. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Subspecies B. b. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) A wisent (Żubr) The Wisent or European Bison (Bison bonasus) (pronounced ) is a bison species and the heaviest land animal in Europe. ... Bison latifrons is an extinct species of bison that lived in North America during the Pleistocene. ... Bison occidentalis is an extinct species of bison that lived in North America during the Pleistocene. ... Binomial name Bison priscus Bojanus, 1827 The Steppe Wisent (Bison priscus) was a steppe bison found on steppes throughout Europe, Central Asia, Beringia and North America during the Quaternary. ...

Bison in winter. Alberta
Bison in winter. Alberta

Bison is a taxonomic group containing six species of large even-toed ungulates within the subfamily Bovinae. Only two of these species still exist: the American Bison (B. bison) and the European Bison, or wisent (B. bonasus). Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 538 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,270 × 854 pixels, file size: 47 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Please see the file description page for further information. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 538 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,270 × 854 pixels, file size: 47 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Please see the file description page for further information. ... For other uses, see Alberta (disambiguation). ... Families Antilocapridae Bovidae Camelidae Cervidae Giraffidae Hippopotamidae Moschidae Suidae Tayassuidae Tragulidae Leptochoeridae † Chaeropotamidae † Dichobunidae † Cebochoeridae † Entelodontidae † Anoplotheriidae † Anthracotheriidae † Cainotheriidae † Agriochoeridae † Merycoidodontidae † Leptomerycidae † Protoceratidae † Xiphodontidae † Amphimerycidae † Helohyidae † Gelocidae † Merycodontidae † Dromomerycidae † Raoellidae † Choeropotamidae † Sanitheriidae † The even-toed ungulates form the mammal order Artiodactyla. ... Tribes Bovini Boselaphini Strepsicerotini The biological subfamily Bovinae (or bovines) includes a diverse group of about 24 species of medium-sized to large ungulates, including domestic cattle, Bison, the Water Buffalo, the Yak, and the four-horned and spiral-horned antelopes. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Subspecies B. b. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) A wisent (Żubr) The Wisent or European Bison (Bison bonasus) (pronounced ) is a bison species and the heaviest land animal in Europe. ...


In American Western culture, the bison is commonly referred to as "buffalo"; however, this is a misnomer. Though both bison and buffalo belong to the same family, Bovidae, the term 'buffalo' properly applies only to the Asian Water Buffalo and African Buffalo. The gaur, a large, thick-coated ox found in Asia, is also known as the Indian Bison, although it is in the genus Bos and thus not a true bison. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the controversy at the University of Pennsylvania, see Water buffalo incident. ... Binomial name Syncerus caffer (Sparrman, 1779) Subspecies The African Buffalo or Cape Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) is a bovid from the family of the Bovidae. ... Binomial name Bos gaurus H. Smith, 1827 Range map The Gaur (IPA gauɹ) (Bos gaurus, previously Bibos gauris) is a large, dark-coated ox of South Asia and Southeast Asia. ... Binomial name Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758 Cattle are domesticated ungulates, a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Species B. acutifrons † B. aegyptiacus † B. frontalis B. gaurus B. grunniens B. javanicus B. planifrons † B. primigenius † B. sauveli B. taurus Bos is the genus of wild and domestic cattle or oxen. ...


The American and European bison are the largest terrestrial mammals in North America and Europe. Like their cattle relatives, bison are nomadic grazers and travel in herds, except for the non-dominant bulls, which travel alone or in small groups during most of the year. American bison are known for living in the Great Plains. Both species were hunted close to extinction during the 19th and 20th centuries but have since rebounded, although the European bison is still endangered. Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the presence of sweat glands, including milk producing sweat glands, and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex... North America North America is a continent [1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For general information about the genus, including other species of cattle, see Bos. ... A herd of Wildebeest A gaggle of Canada geese For other uses, see Herd (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Great Plains (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... The Siberian Tiger is a subspecies of tiger that are critically endangered. ...


Unlike the Asian Water Buffalo, the bison has never really been domesticated, although it does appear on farms occasionally. It is raised now mostly on large ranches in the United States and Canada for meat. Wild herds are found in Yellowstone, Utah's Antelope Island, South Dakota's Custer State Park, Alaska, and northern central Canada (see Wood Bison). For the controversy at the University of Pennsylvania, see Water buffalo incident. ... Yellowstone National Park is a U.S. National Park located in the states of Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming. ... Antelope Island is the largest of the ten islands in the Great Salt Lake of Utah, USA, with an area of 42 square miles. ... Custer State Park is a state park in South Dakota. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The Wood Bison (Bison bison athabascae) or Wood Buffalo is a distinct northern subspecies of the North American Bison whose original range included much of the boreal forest regions of Alaska, Yukon, western Northwest Territories, northeastern British Columbia, northern Alberta, and northwestern Saskatchewan. ...


Bison live to be about 20 years old and are born without their trademark "hump" or horns. With the development of their horns, they become mature at two to three years of age, although the males continue to grow slowly to about age seven. Adult bulls express a high degree of dominance competitiveness during mating season.


On March 16, 2007, 15 American bison were re-introduced to Colorado to roam where they did over a century ago. A fenced herd of 15 bison has been established in the 17,000-acre (69 km²) Rocky Mountain Arsenal National Wildlife Refuge, a former chemical weapons manufacturing site. is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... The Rocky Mountain Arsenal National Wildlife Refuge is a National Wildlife Refuge of the United States located in central Colorado. ... Early detection of chemical agents Sociopolitical climate of chemical warfare While the study of chemicals and their military uses was widespread in China, the use of toxic materials has historically been viewed with mixed emotions and some disdain in the West (especially when the enemy were doing it). ...


On September 21, 2007, the research co-authored by biologist Dennis Hedgecock of the University of Southern California and Texas A&M University (journal Animal Genetics) found per DNA analysis that the Catalina wild American Bison of Santa Catalina Island, California is not pure bred, having a little bit of cow in them (45% have a domesticated cow as an ancestor).[1] is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the concept. ... A biologist is a scientist devoted to and producing results in biology through the study of organisms. ... The Trojan Shrine, better known as Tommy Trojan located in the center of University of Southern California campus. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... This article is about the journal as a written medium. ... The structure of part of a DNA double helix Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, is a nucleic acid molecule that contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms. ... Look up Analysis in Wiktionary, the free dictionary An analysis is a critical evaluation, usually made by breaking a subject (either material or intellectual) down into its constituent parts, then describing the parts and their relationship to the whole. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Subspecies B. b. ... Santa Catalina Island, often called Catalina Island, or just Catalina, is a rocky island off the coast of the U.S. State of California. ... A true breeding organism, sometimes also called a pure-bred, is an organism having certain biological traits which are passed on to all subsequent generations when bred with another true breeding organism for the same traits. ... COW is an acronym for a number of things: Can of worms The COW programming language, an esoteric programming language. ... Domesticated animals, plants, and other organisms are those whose collective behavior, life cycle, or physiology has been altered as a result of their breeding and living conditions being under human control for multiple generations. ... COW is an acronym for a number of things: Can of worms The COW programming language, an esoteric programming language. ... An ancestor is a parent or (recursively) the parent of an ancestor (i. ...

Contents

See also

// Intraspecific Bos Hybrids In The Variation Of Animals And Plants Under Domestication Charles Darwin wrote Bos primigenius and longifrons have been ranked by nearly all palaeontologists as distinct species; and it would not be reasonable to take a different view simply because their domesticated descendants now intercross with the utmost... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Subspecies B. b. ... Binomial name Bison bison bison (Linnaeus, 1758) The Plains Bison is one of two subspecies of the American bison. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The Wood Bison (Bison bison athabascae) or Wood Buffalo is a distinct northern subspecies of the North American Bison whose original range included much of the boreal forest regions of Alaska, Yukon, western Northwest Territories, northeastern British Columbia, northern Alberta, and northwestern Saskatchewan. ... Binomial name Bison antiquus Leidy, 1852 The Ancient Bison, Bison antiquus, was the most common large herbivore of the North American continent and is a direct ancestor of the living North American bison. ... For the controversy at the University of Pennsylvania, see Water buffalo incident. ... Binomial name Syncerus caffer (Sparrman, 1779) Subspecies The African Buffalo or Cape Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) is a bovid from the family of the Bovidae. ...

Gallery

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Bison

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

References

  1. ^ AP Science (via USA Today), Study: Catalina bison aren't purebred

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bison (1091 words)
Bison once ranged across most of what is now the United States, Canada, and into Mexico; their population was estimated at about 60 million.
Bison are gregarious, with cows and young animals remaining in herds throughout the year.
Because the bison represents the free and open spirit of the western prairie, and because of their near extinction, bison are highly regarded by Americans and visitors to our country.
ADW: Bison bison: Information (1318 words)
Bison are huge animals, ranging in length from 3.6 m to 3.8 m in males to 2.13 m to 3.18 m in females.
Bison are gregarious animals and are arranged in groups according to sex, age, season, and habitat.
Bison are able to distinguish large objects from a distance of 1 km and moving objects 2 km away.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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