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Encyclopedia > Bishopric of Minden

The Bishopric of Minden was a Roman Catholic diocese and a state of the Holy Roman Empire. Its capital was Minden. The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church (see terminology below) is the Christian Church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It traces its origins to the original Christian community founded by Jesus of Nazareth, with its traditions first established by the Twelve Apostles and... Pope Pius XI blesses Bishop Stephen Alencastre as fifth Apostolic Vicar of the Hawaiian Islands in a Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace window. ... The double-headed eagle A portrait of Charlemagne wearing the crown of the Holy Roman Empire (15th century painting by Albrecht Dürer) The Holy Roman Empire was a mainly Germanic conglomeration of lands in Central Europe during the Middle Ages and the early modern period. ... Minden is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...


The diocese was founded by Charlemagne in 803, after he had conquered the Saxons. It was subordinate to the archbishop of Cologne. Minden became a state in 1180, when the Duchy of Saxony was dissolved. In the 16th century, the Protestant Reformation was starting to take hold in the state under the influence of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Minden was occupied by Sweden in the Thirty Years' War, and was secularized. The Peace of Westphalia of 1648 gave it to Brandenburg as the Principality of Minden. A portrait of Charlemagne by Albrecht Dürer that was painted several centuries after Charlemagnes death. ... Events Nicephorus I and Charlemagne settle their imperial boundaries. ... Map showing the Saxons homeland in traditional region bounded by the three rivers: Weser, Eider, and Elbe Src: Freemans Historical Geographys. The Saxons or Saxon people are (nowadays) part of the German people with its main areas of settlements in the German States of Schleswig-Holstein, Lower Saxony, Saxony... The Archbishopric of Cologne was one of the major ecclesiastical principalities of the Holy Roman Empire. ... Events April 13 - Frederick Barbarossa issues the Gelnhausen Charter November 18 - France Emperor Antoku succeds Emperor Takakura as emperor of Japan Afonso I of Portugal is taken prisoner by Ferdinand II of Leon Artois is annexed by France Prince Mochihito amasses a large army and instigates the Genpei War between... The Duchy of Saxony was a medieval Duchy covering the greater part of Northern Germany. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement in the 16th century to reform the Catholic Church in Western Europe. ... Brunswick-Lüneburg was an historical state within the Holy Roman Empire. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Ratification of the Treaty of Münster by Gerard Terborch (1648) Banquet of the Amsterdam Civic Guard in Celebration of the Peace of Münster by Bartholomeus van der Helst, 1648 The Peace of Westphalia, also known as the Treaties of Münster and Osnabrück, refers to the...   (Lower Sorbian: Bramborska; Upper Sorbian: Braniborska) is one of Germanys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states). ...


Since 1719, Minden was administered by Brandenburg together with the adjacent County of Ravensberg. In 1807, it became part of the Kingdom of Westphalia. In 1814, it returned to Prussia (the former Brandenburg) and became part of the Province of Westphalia. // Events January 23 - The Principality of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire April 25 - Daniel Defoe publishes Robinson Crusoe June 10 - Battle of Glen Shiel Prussia conducts Europes first systematic census Miners in Falun, Sweden find an apparently petrified body of Fet-Mats Israelsson in an unused... Ravensberg, historical county in eastern Westphalia, Germany. ... 1807 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Kingdom of Westphalia is a historical state in present-day Germany that existed from 1807-1813. ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Westphalia and the other Provinces of Prussia in the German Empire. ...


As of 1789, the Principality had an area of 1100 km². It was bordered by (from the north, clockwise): an exclave of the Landgraviate of Hesse-Cassel, the Electorate of Hanover, the County of Schaumburg-Lippe, another exclave of Hesse-Cassel, the Principality of Lippe, the County of Ravensberg, and the Bishopric of Osnabrück. Cities included Minden and Lübbecke. Hesse-Kassel (Hessen-Kassel) was a German principality that came into existence when the Landgraviate of Hesse was divided in 1568 upon the death of Landgrave Philip of Hesse and his eldest son Wilhelm IV inherited the northern portion and established his capital in Kassel. ... -1... Schaumburg is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Hesse-Kassel (Hessen-Kassel) was a German principality that came into existence when the Landgraviate of Hesse was divided in 1568 upon the death of Landgrave Philip of Hesse and his eldest son Wilhelm IV inherited the northern portion and established his capital in Kassel. ... This article is about the district Lippe. ... Ravensberg, historical county in eastern Westphalia, Germany. ... The Bishopric of Osnabrück is a Roman Catholic diocese in Germany; it was founded around 800. ... Minden is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Lübbecke is a town and a municipality in the Minden-Lübbecke district, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...


Famous bishops

  • Saint Erkanbert (803-813)
  • Saint Hardward (813-853)
  • Saint Theoderich (853-880)
  • Saint Thietmar (1185-1206)
  • Francis of Waldeck (1530-1553)
  • Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1553-1554)
  • Henry Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1582-1585, Protestant)
  • Christian the Elder, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1599-1625, Protestant)
  • Francis of Wartenberg (1631-1648)

References

  • (German) At Meyers Konversationslexikon, 1888
  • (German) At NRW-Geschichte.de (with map)

 
 

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