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Encyclopedia > Biscay
Biscay
Coat of arms.
Coat of arms.
Municipal Map of Biscay
Municipal Map of Biscay
Location of Biscay province.
Location of Biscay province.
Capital Bilbao
Autonomous community Basque Country
Coordinates 43°15' N 2º59' W
Surface 2,217 km², 80 km shore.
Population
 - Density
1,133,444 inhab.
512.34 inhab./km²
Website Biscay Government

Biscay (Basque Bizkaia, Spanish: Vizcaya) is a province of the Basque Country belonging to Spain (see map). Image File history File links Bizkaikoarmarri. ... Image File history File links Bizkaikoarmarri. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Province locator map of Vizcaya (created by Montrealais) File links The following pages link to this file: Vizcaya Categories: GFDL images ... Province locator map of Vizcaya (created by Montrealais) File links The following pages link to this file: Vizcaya Categories: GFDL images ... La Muy Noble y Muy Leal e Invicta (The most noble and most loyal and undefeated) Location Location of Bilbao in Spain and Biscay Coordinates : , Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Bilbao (Basque) Spanish name Bilbao Nickname El Botxo (the hole) Founded 15... Spains fifty provinces (provincias) are grouped into seventeen autonomous communities (comunidades aut nomas), in addition to two African autonomous cities (ciudades aut nomas) (Ceuta and Melilla). ... Pays Basque) see Northern Basque Country. ... See Cartesian coordinate system or Coordinates (elementary mathematics) for a more elementary introduction to this topic. ... Look up grade in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A minute is a unit of time equal to 1/60th of an hour and to 60 seconds. ... Compass rose with north highlighted and at top Look up North in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A compass rose with west highlighted This article refers to the cardinal direction; for other uses see West (disambiguation). ... An open surface with X-, Y-, and Z-contours shown. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Shore A shore or shoreline is the land at the edge of a large body of water, such as an ocean, sea, or lake. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Biscay may refer to: Biscay a Basque province of Spain Bay of Biscay on the Atlantic coast of France and Spain A Shipping Forecast sea area corresponding to the bay Lord of Biscay mediaeval ruler of Biscay Biscay, Minnesota city Biscay Bay, Newfoundland and Labrador town Biscay (horse) Australian thoroughbred... Basque (native name: euskara) is the language spoken by the Basque people who inhabit the Pyrenees in North-Central Spain and the adjoining region of South-Western France. ... (For the Vizcaya mansion in Florida, see Villa Vizcaya) Vizcaya province Vizcaya (Basque Bizkaia) is a province of northern Spain, in the northwestern part of the autonomous community of the Basque Country. ... Location of the Basque Country The Basque Country divided in seven provinces Capital Pamplona Official languages Basque, French, Spanish Demonym Basque Currency Euro The Basque-speaking areas This article is about the overall Basque domain. ...


It is generally accepted that Bizkaia, the original Basque term means something like the mountain or the cliff. It's a correlate of bizkar, meaning: 1. back, shoulders, 2. cliff, 3. roof structure, 4. leaning on (bizkarretik).

Contents

Population

Of the 1,133,444 people who live in Biscay, about 35% live in the capital, Bilbao and 88% in its metropolitan area. Population density is 512.34 /km². Gernika, a town regarded as the spiritual centre of the traditional Basque Country, is located in Biscay. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Delegation Palace in Bilbao. ... La Muy Noble y Muy Leal e Invicta (The most noble and most loyal and undefeated) Location Location of Bilbao in Spain and Biscay Coordinates : , Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Bilbao (Basque) Spanish name Bilbao Nickname El Botxo (the hole) Founded 15... La Muy Noble y Muy Leal e Invicta (The most noble and most loyal and undefeated) Location Location of Bilbao in Spain and Biscay Coordinates : , Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Bilbao (Basque) Spanish name Bilbao Nickname El Botxo (the hole) Founded 15... Gran Bilbao real color image taken by NASAs Landsat satellite. ... Gernika (pronounced in IPA: ; officially Gernika-Lumo, because of the union with Lumo; in Spanish Guernica and Guernica y Luno) is a small city in the Spanish Basque Country. ... Location of the Basque Country The Basque Country divided in seven provinces Capital Pamplona Official languages Basque, French, Spanish Demonym Basque Currency Euro The Basque-speaking areas This article is about the overall Basque domain. ...


Other important towns include Barakaldo, Getxo, Portugalete, Durango, Basauri, Galdakao and Balmaseda. See List of municipalities in Biscay. Coat of arms Location of Barakaldo in Biscay. ... Location of Getxo in Biscay. ... Puente Colgante Portugalete is a port city lying to the west of Bilbao (Basque: Bilbo) in the province of Vizcaya in Spain. ... An historic industrial town. ... Basauri is a major municipality of Biscay, in the Basque Country. ... Galdakao is a town and municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, northern Spain. ... Balmaseda (Basque language; the formerly-used Spanish name was Valmaseda) is a town in the Encartaciones/Enkarterriak region of Bizkaia, Basque Autonomous Community, Spain. ... This is a list of the municipalities in the province of Biscay (Spanish Vizcaya, Basque Bizkaia) in the autonomous community of Basque Country, Spain. ...


Biscayan is a dialect of the Basque language spoken in the region. Basque Country Biscayan (Basque: Bizakaiera)is a dialect of the Basque language spoken in the Vizcaya (Basque: Bizkaia) province of the Basque Country (autonomous community) of Spain. ... For dialects of programming languages, see Programming language dialect. ... Basque (native name: euskara) is the language spoken by the Basque people who inhabit the Pyrenees in North-Central Spain and the adjoining region of South-Western France. ...


Geography

San Juan de Gaztelugatxe, on the Biscayan coast
San Juan de Gaztelugatxe, on the Biscayan coast

Biscay is bordered by the provinces of Cantabria and Burgos to the west, Guipúzcoa to the east, and Álava to the south, and by the Cantabrian Sea (Bay of Biscay) to the north. Orduña (Urduña) is a Biscayan enclave inside Álava. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1259 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Biscay Green Spain Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1259 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Biscay Green Spain Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... San Juan de Gaztelugatxe San Juan de Gaztelugatxe (Basque: Gaztelugatxeko Doniene)is a island on the Vizcayan coast belonging to the municipality of Bermeo, in País Vasco (Spain). ... For the Mesozoic island Cantabria, see Cantabria (Mesozoic island). ... Burgos province Burgos is a province of northern Spain, in the northeastern part of the autonomous community of Castile and León. ... Guipuscoa province. ... Álava province Álava (Basque: Araba) is a province of northern Spain, in the southern part of the autonomous community of the Basque Country. ... Map of the Bay of Biscay. ... The citys town hall. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Climate

Gorbea natural park.
Gorbea natural park.
Untxillaitz,in Urkiola mountain range.
Untxillaitz,in Urkiola mountain range.

The climate is oceanic, with high precipitation all year round and moderate temperatures, which allow the lush vegetation to grow. Temperatures are more extreme in the higher lands of inner Biscay, where snow is more common during winter.


Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 1. ... Gorbea or Gorbeia is a mountain and massif, the highest one of Biscay and Alava (Basque Country,Spain) with a height of 1,481 m AMSL. The massif covers a wide area between the two provinces. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 197 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Foto hecha por mi desde Urkiola File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 197 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Foto hecha por mi desde Urkiola File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not... Untzillaitz. ... Panoramic view of Urkiola summits, from left to right: Anboto, Alluitz, Aitz Txiki, Untxillaitz. ... World map showing the oceanic climate zones. ...


Features

The main features of the province are:

  • The middle section which is occupied by the main river's valleys: Nervion, Ibaizabal and Kadagua. Kadagua runs west to east from Ordunte, Nervion south to north from Orduña and Ibaizabal east to west from Urkiola. Arratia river runs northwards from Gorbea and joins Ibaizabal. Each valley is separated by medium mountains like Ganekogorta (998m). Other mountains separate that main valleys from the northern valleys, like Oiz. The northern rivers are: Artibai, Lea, Oka and Butron.
  • The coast: the main features are the estuary of Bilbao where the main rivers meet the sea and the estuary of Gernika (Urdaibai). The coast is usually high, with cliffs and small inlets and coves.

For other uses, see Mountain (disambiguation). ... Typical limestone mountain of the Basque range. ... The term above mean sea level (AMSL) refers to the elevation (on the ground) or altitude (in the air) of any object, relative to the average sea level. ... Main European water divides (red lines) separating catchments (gray regions). ... The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one_fifth of its surface. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... Gorbea or Gorbeia is a mountain and massif, the highest one of Biscay and Alava (Basque Country,Spain) with a height of 1,481 m AMSL. The massif covers a wide area between the two provinces. ... Panoramic view of Urkiola summits, from left to right: Anboto, Alluitz, Aitz Txiki, Untxillaitz. ... Anboto is a mountain of the Western Basque Country, belonging to the Gorbea Sierra and not far from the pass of Urkiolamendi between Durango and Vitoria-Gasteiz. ... The river Nervión runs through the city of Bilbao, Spain into the Bay of Biscay. ... Ibaizabal. ... The river Kadagua at Balmaseda. ... Ganekogorta is a mountain in the border of the provinces of Biscay and Alava (Basque Country,Spain), just between Bilbao and Llodio. ... Oiz, southern face. ... The estuary is heavily populated. ... Flag of Gernika-Lumo. ... The estuary of Urdaibai. ...

Sub-regions of Biscay

Historical merindades/eskualdeak

In red the original extension of Biscay
(Click for full legend).

(numbers make reference to the map on the right) Merindad is a Castilian or Spanish Medieval administrative term that refers to a territorial division smaller than a province but larger than a municipality. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


Constituent ones:

Incorporated later: Map of historical Uribe (red) (open for full legend) The Merindad de Uribe or Uribealdea is a historical subdivision of Biscay, Basque Country. ... Historical Busturialdea (red) in the context of formation of Biscay (orange) (open image for full legend) Modern extension of Busturialdea Busturialdea, the area of Busturia, is one of the original districts (es merindades, [eu] eskualdeak) that united to constitute Biscay. ... Bedia is a town and municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, northern Spain. ... Amorebieta-Etxano or Zornotza are two different names for the same town located in Bizkaia (Basque country). ...

  • Durango
  • Enkarterriak (Encartaciones) (8a and 8b)
  • Orozko (9)
  • Several chartered towns (blue/green dots)
  • The city of (Urduina)

Map of the comarca Enkarterri noted in red. ... Orozko is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... The citys town hall. ...

Modern subregions

Subregions of Biscay.
Subregions of Biscay.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Gran Bilbao real color image taken by NASAs Landsat satellite. ... La Muy Noble y Muy Leal e Invicta (The most noble and most loyal and undefeated) Location Location of Bilbao in Spain and Biscay Coordinates : , Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Bilbao (Basque) Spanish name Bilbao Nickname El Botxo (the hole) Founded 15... Portugalete, in the left bank. ... Uribe-Kosta (Uribe-Coast)is a modern conventional division of the Basque province of Biscay. ... Txoriherri, from top to bottom: The airport, Derio, Zamudio. ... Hego Uribe (Basque for Southern Uribe) is a modern conventional subdivision of Biscay, Basque Country. ... Mungialdea is a modern conventional subdivision of Biscay, Basque Country. ... Map of the comarca Enkarterri noted in red. ... Historical Busturialdea (red) in the context of formation of Biscay (orange) (open image for full legend) Modern extension of Busturialdea Busturialdea, the area of Busturia, is one of the original districts (es merindades, [eu] eskualdeak) that united to constitute Biscay. ... Province Biscay Capital Markina-Xemein Largest city Ondarroa Demonym   Population 26,095 (2001) Area 206 km2 Population density 126,7 per km2 Municipalities 11 Lea-Artibai is a comarca in the northeastern part of the Biscay province, in the autonomous community of Basque Country in Spain. ...

History

Biscay has been inhabited since the Middle Paleolithic, as attested by the archaeological remains and cave paintings found in its many caves. The Roman presence had little impact in the region and the Basque language and traditions have survived to this day. // The Paleolithic is a prehistoric era distinguished by the development of stone tools. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... Basque (native name: euskara) is the language spoken by the Basque people who inhabit the Pyrenees in North-Central Spain and the adjoining region of South-Western France. ...


Biscay itself appears in the Middle Ages, as a dependency of the kingdom of Pampelune (XI cent.) that became autonomous and finally a part of the Crown of Castile. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... A former kingdom in modern-day Spain, Castile (Spanish: Castilla; usually pronounced Cast-EEL in English) now compromises the regions of Old Castile in the north-west, and New Castile in the center of the country. ...


In the modern age, the province became a major commercial and industrial area. Its prime harbour of Bilbao soon became the main Castilian gateway to Europe. Later, in the 19th and 20th centuries, the abundance of prime quality iron ore and the lack of feudal castes favored its rapid industrialization. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... General Information Founded June 15, 1300 Coordinates  - Latitude  - Longitude 43º 22 43 N 03º 04 57 W Area  - Land  - Water 313 has. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... This heap of iron ore pellets will be used in steel production. ... Serf redirects here. ...


Paleolithic

Some prehistoric cave sites in Biscay.

// The Paleolithic is a prehistoric era distinguished by the development of stone tools. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Middle Paleolithic

The first evidence of human dwellings (Neanderthal people) in Biscay happens in this period of prehistory. Mousterian artifacts have been found in three sites in Biscay: Benta Laperra (Karrantza), Kurtzia (Getxo) and Murua (Durangoaldea). For other uses, see Neanderthal (disambiguation). ... Mousterian is a name given by archaeologists to a style of predominantly flint tools (or industry) associated primarily with Homo neanderthalensis and dating to the Middle Paleolithic, the middle part of the Old Stone Age. ...


Late Paleolithic

  • Chatelperronian culture (normally associated with Neanderthals as well) can be found in Santimamiñe cave (Busturialdea).

Most important settlements by modern humans (H. sapiens) can be considered the following: Ch telperronian was the earliest industry of the Upper Palaeolithic in central and south western France. ... Santimamiñe cave, Kortezubi, Biscay, Basque Country is one of the most important archaeological sites of the Basque Country, including a nearly complete sequence from the Middle Paleolithic to the Iron Age. ...

  • Aurignacian culture: Benta Laperra, Kurztia, and Lumentxa (Lekeitio)
  • Gravettian culture: Santimamiñe, Bolinkoba (Durangoaldea) and Atxurra (Markina)
  • Solutrean culture: Santimamiñe and Bolinkoba
  • Magdalenian culture: Santimamiñe and Lumentxa

Paleolithic art is also present. Benta Laperra cave shows the oldest paintings, maybe from the Aurignacian or Solutrean period. Bison and bear are the animals depicted, together with abstract signs. From later periods (Magdalenian) are the murals of Arenaza (Sodupe) and Santimamiñe. In Arenaza female deers are the dominant motive, Santimamiñe shows bisons, horses, goats and deers. Aurignacian is the name of a culture of the Upper Palaeolithic present in Europe and south west Asia. ... The Gravettian was an industry of the European Upper Palaeolithic. ... The Solutrean industry was an advanced flint tool making style of the Upper Palaeolithic. ... The Magdalenian, also spelt Magdalénien, refers to one of the later culture of the Upper Palaeolithic in western Europe. ... In the history of art, prehistoric art is all art produced in preliterate cultures (prehistory), beginning somewhere in very late geological history. ...


Epi-paleolithic

This period (also called Mesolithic sometimes) is dominated in Biscay by the Azilian culture. Tools become smaller and more refined and, while hunting remains, fishing and seafood gathering become more important, finding now clear evidence of wild fruits too. Again Santimamiñe is one of the most important sites of this period. Others are Arenaza, Atxeta (not far from Santimamiñe), Lumentxa and nearby Urtiaga and Santa Catalina, together with Bolinkoba and neighbour Silibranka. The Mesolithic (Greek mesos=middle and lithos=stone or the Middle Stone Age[1]) was a period in the development of human technology between the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods of the Stone Age. ... The Azilian is a name given by archaeologists to an industry of the terminal Palaeolithic and early Mesolithic in northern Spain and south western France. ...


Neolithic

While the first evidences of Neolithic contact in the Basque Country can be dated to the 4th millennium BCE, it will be not until the beginning of the 3rd one that the area accepts, gradually and without radical changes, the agricultural and specially shepherding advances. Biscay is not particularly affected by this change and only three sites can be mentioned for this period: Arenaza, Santimamiñe and Kobeaga (Ea) and the advances adopted seem limited initially to sheeps, domestic goats and very scarce pottery. An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... Species See text. ... This article is about the domestic species. ... Unfired green ware pottery on a traditional drying rack at Conner Prairie living history museum. ...


Together with Neolithic technologies, Megalithism also arrives. It will be the most common form of burial (simple dolmen) until c. 1500 BCE. Megalithic tomb, Mane Braz, Brittany Bronze age wedge tomb in the Burren area of Ireland For the record label, see Megalith Records. ... Poulnabrone dolmen in County Clare, Ireland For the French TV miniseries, see Dolmen (TV miniseries). ...


Chalcolithic and Bronze Age

While open air settlement starts to become something common as population grows, caves and natural shelters are still used in Biscay in the Chalcolithic and Bronze Age. Hunting becomes gradually a less important source of meat, replaced by sheep, goats and some bovine cattle. Metallic tools become more common but stone-made ones are also used. The Chalcolithic (Greek khalkos + lithos copper stone) period, also known as the Eneolithic (Aeneolithic) or Copper Age period, is a phase in the development of human culture in which the use of early metal tools appeared alongside the use of stone tools. ... The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ... Tribes Bovini Boselaphini Strepsicerotini The biological subfamily Bovinae includes a diverse group of about 24 medium-sized to large ungulates, including domestic cattle, bison, the Water Buffalo, the Yak, and the four-horned and spiral-horned antelopes. ...


Pottery types shows great continuity (not decorated) until the bell beaker makes its appearance. approximate extent of the Beaker culture The Bell-Beaker culture (sometimes shortened to Beaker culture, Beaker people, or Beaker folk; German: ), ca. ...


The sites of this period now cover all the territory of Biscay, many being open air settlements, but the most important caves of the Paleolithic are still in use as well.


Iron Age

Very few sites have been identified for this period. Caves are abandoned for the most part but they still give some remains. The main caves of prehistory (Arenaza, Santimamiñe, Lumentxa) were still inhabited.


Roman Period

Forua archaeological site.
Forua archaeological site.

Roman geographers have let us know that the territory of what is now Biscay dwelt two tribes: Caristii and Autrigones. The Caristii dwelt in nuclear Biscay, east of the firth of Bilbao, extending also into Northern Araba and some areas of Gipuzkoa, up to the river Deba. The Autrigones dwelt in the westernmost part of Biscay and Araba, extending also into the provinces of Cantabria, Burgos and La Rioja. Based in toponimy, historical and archaeological evidence, it is thought that these tribes spoke Basque language [1]. The borders of the Biscayan dialect of Basque seem to be exactly those of the Caristian territory, exception made of the areas that have lost the old language. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Caristii were a tribe reported by Roman historians in Northern Hispania west of the Deba and east of the Nervion rivers. ... Autrigones were a tribe described by Roman historians as living in Northern Hispania between the Cantabrians and the Caristii. ... Álava (Basque Araba, Spanish Álava) is a Spain, in the southern part of the autonomous community of the Basque Country. ... Guipuscoa province. ... For the Mesozoic island Cantabria, see Cantabria (Mesozoic island). ... Burgos province Burgos is a province of northern Spain, in the northeastern part of the autonomous community of Castile and León. ... Capital Logroño Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 16th  5 045 km²  1,0% Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 17th   301 084  0,7%  59,68/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  â€”  riojano/a Statute of Autonomy June 9, 1982 Parliament  â€“ Congress seats  â€“ Senate seats  4  1 President Pedro Sanz... Basque (native name: euskara) is the language spoken by the Basque people who inhabit the Pyrenees in North-Central Spain and the adjoining region of South-Western France. ...


There is no indication to resistance to Roman occupation in all the Basque area (excepting Aquitaine) until the late feudalizing period. Roman sources mention several towns in the area, Flaviobriga and Portus Amanus, though they have not been located. The site of Forua, near Gernika, has yielded archaeological evidence of Roman presence [2]. (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Dordogne Gironde Landes Lot-et-Garonne Pyrénées-Atlantiques Arrondissements 18 Cantons 235 Communes 2,296 Statistics Land area1 41,308 km² Population (Ranked 6th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Flag of Gernika-Lumo. ...


In the late Roman period, together with the rest of the Basque Country, it seems to have revolted against Roman domination and the process of feudalization. Roland pledges his fealty to Charlemagne; from a manuscript of a chanson de geste Feudalism, a term first used in the early modern period (17th century), in its most classic sense refers to a Medieval European political system comprised of a set of reciprocal legal and military obligations among the...


Middle Ages

In the Early Middle Ages, the history of Biscay cannot be separated from that of the Basque Country as whole, being de facto independent although Visigoths and Franks attempted once and again to stabilish their domination. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... A votive crown belonging to Reccesuinth (653–672) The Visigoths (Latin: ) were one of two main branches of the Goths, an East Germanic tribe, the Ostrogoths being the other. ... Statue of Charlemagne (also called Karl der Große, Charles the Great) in Frankfurt, Germany. ...


In 905, Leonese chronicles mention for the first time the extension of the Kingdom of Pamplona as including all the western Basque provinces, as well as La Rioja and the nuclear Aragon. The territories that later would constitute Biscay was then part of that state. Alternate meaning: Area code 905 Events Births Deaths Categories: 905 ... The Kingdom of Navarre traditionally evolved from the county of Pamplona, its traditional capital, when the Basque leader Eneko Aritza (Iñigo Arista in Spanish) was chosen King in Pamplona, traditionally in 824, and led a local revolt against the Franks. ... Basque Country (Basque Euskadi, Spanish País Vasco) is an autonomous community of Spain whose capital is Vitoria (Basque Gasteiz). ... Capital Logroño Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 16th  5 045 km²  1,0% Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 17th   301 084  0,7%  59,68/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  â€”  riojano/a Statute of Autonomy June 9, 1982 Parliament  â€“ Congress seats  â€“ Senate seats  4  1 President Pedro Sanz... Capital Zaragoza Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47,719 km²  9. ...


In the conflicts that the newly sovereign Kingdom of Castile and Pamplona/Navarre had in the 11th and 12th century, the Castilians were supported by many landowners from La Rioja, who sought to consolidate their holdings under Castilian feudal law. These pro-Castilian lords were led by the house of Haro, who were eventually granted the rule of newly created Biscay, initially made up of the valleys of Uribe, Busturia, Markina, Zornotza and Arratia, plus several towns and the city of Urduina. It is unclear when this happened exactly but it is claimed that Iñigo López was the first one to be granted the title of Lord of Biscay in 1043. Coat of arms Kingdom of Castile in the 15th century. ... Haro may refer to: the Haro River of Pakistan a city in Spain, see Haro Haro (anime) Haro Bikes This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Map of historical Uribe (red) (open for full legend) The Merindad de Uribe or Uribealdea is a historical subdivision of Biscay, Basque Country. ... Busturia is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Amorebieta-Etxano or Zornotza are two different names for the same town and municipality located in Biscay in the Basque Country, Autonomous Community in the North of Spain. ... The citys town hall. ... Lord of Biscay (Basque: Bizkaiko Jauna, Spanish: Señor de Vizcaya) is a historical title of the head of state of the autonomous territory of Biscay, Basque Country. ... // Events Edward the Confessor crowned King of England at Winchester Cathedral. ...


Yet, as the western territories were soon reincorporated to Navarre, the actual constitution of Biscay as Lordship could not be consolidated before the Castilian invasion 1199-1200. “Navarra” redirects here. ... Lord of Biscay (Basque: Bizkaiko Jauna, Spanish: Señor de Vizcaya) is a historical title of the head of state of the autonomous territory of Biscay, Basque Country. ...


The title is inherited by Iñigo López's descendants until, by inheritance, in 1370 falls in the Infant Juan of Castile, and passes to be one of the titles of the king of Castile, remaining since then connected with the crown, first to that of Castile and then, from Carlos I, to that of Spain, always with the condition that the Lord swore to defend and to maintain the fuero (Biscayan law, derived from Navarrese right) that affirmed that the possessors of the sovereignty of the Lordship were the own biscayans and that, al less in theory, they could refute the Lord. Events Beginning of the rule of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... For the Carlist claimant King Carlos V, see Infante Carlos, Count of Molina. ... Fuero (Spanish) is a Spanish legal term and concept. ...


The Lords and later the kings, came to swear the Statutes to the oak of Gernika, where the assembly of the Lordship was reunited. The tree with the temple in the back and the hermitage to the left. ... Flag of Gernika-Lumo. ...


Modern age

Bilbao in 1575.
Bilbao in 1575.

In the modern ages commerce on took great importance, specially for the Port of Bilbao, to which the kings granted privileges on trade with the ports of the Spanish Empire in 1511. Bilbao was already then the main Castilian harbour, from where wool was shipped to Flanders and other goods were imported. Image File history File links Bilbao1575. ... Image File history File links Bilbao1575. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... General Information Founded June 15, 1300 Coordinates  - Latitude  - Longitude 43º 22 43 N 03º 04 57 W Area  - Land  - Water 313 has. ... An anachronous map of the overseas Spanish Empire (1492-1898) in red, and the Spanish Habsburg realms in Europe (1516-1714) in orange. ... Year 1511 (MDXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... For other uses, see Wool (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Flanders (disambiguation). ...


In 1628, the separate territory of Durango was incorporated to Biscay. In the same century the so-called chartered municipalities west of Biscay were also incorporated in different dates, becoming another subdivision of Biscay: Encartaciones (Enkarterriak). 1628 was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Panorama of Durango, Anboto to the left. ... Enkarterriak (Basque language|Basque) or Encartaciones (Spanish language|Spanish) is a historical sub-region of Biscay. ...

Carlist General Tomás de Zumalacárregui. Zumalacárregui, a Basque, saved the Carlist cause from the brink of disaster in 1833.

The coastal towns had a sizeable fleet of their own, mostly dedicated to fishing and trade. Along with other Basque towns of Gipuzkoa and Labourd, they were largely responsible for the partial extinction of whales in the Bay of Biscay and of the first unstable settlement by Europeans in Newfoundland. They also were able to sign separate treaties with other powers, particularly England. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Carlism restored the cross of Burgundy assimilated by the Spanish Bourbons throught the Spanish Habsburgs and used as flag of the Spanish empire. ... Carlist General Tomás de Zumalacárregui. ... Language(s) Basque - few monoglots Spanish - 1,525,000 monoglots French - 150,000 monoglots Basque-Spanish - 600,000 speakers Basque-French - 76,000 speakers [4] other native languages Religion(s) Traditionally Roman Catholic The Basques (Basque: ) are an indigenous people[5] who inhabit parts of north-central Spain and southwestern... Year 1833 (MDCCCXXXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Guipuscoa province. ... Coat of Arms of Labourd Labourd (Lapurdi in Basque; from Latin Lapurdum, Labord in Gascon) is a former French province and part of the present-day Pyrénées Atlantiques département. ... This article is about the animal. ... Map of the Bay of Biscay. ... This article is about the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...


After the Napoleonic wars, Biscay, along with the other Basque provinces were threatened to have their self-rule cut by the now Liberal Spanish Cortes. This caused the successive Carlist Wars, where the Biscayan government, along with the other Basque provinces supported the reactionary faction. Look up liberal on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Liberal may refer to: Politics: Liberalism American liberalism, a political trend in the USA Political progressivism, a political ideology that is for change, often associated with liberal movements Liberty, the condition of being free from control or restrictions Liberal Party, members of... Hernán Cortés, 16th century Spanish conquistador Pablo Cortés, 18th century Spanish slave trader Corte (disambiguation), for the judicial bodies of the Spanish-speaking Americas, and the communes in France and Italy Cortes Generales (General Courts), usually just las Cortes, national legislative assembly of Spain The term Cortes... The Carlist Wars in Spain were the last major European civil wars in which pretenders fought to establish their claim to a throne. ...


Many of the towns though, notably Bilbao, were aligned with the Liberal government of Madrid. In the end the wars resulted in successive cuts of the wide autonomy of Biscay and the other provinces. In the 1850s extensive prime quality iron resources were discovered in Biscay. This brought a lot of foreign investment mainly from England and France, which made it one of Spain's richest and most industrialized provinces. Together with the industrialisation appeared important bourgeois families such as Ybarra, Chávarri and Lezama-Leguizamón. The great industrial (Iberdrola, Altos Hornos de Vizcaya) and financial (Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria- BBVA) groups were created. This article is about the Spanish capital. ... // Production of steel revolutionized by invention of the Bessemer process Benjamin Silliman fractionates petroleum by distillation for the first time First transatlantic telegraph cable laid First safety elevator installed by Elisha Otis Railroads begin to supplant canals in the United States as a primary means of transporting goods. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... A Watt steam engine, the steam engine that propelled the Industrial Revolution in Britain and the world. ... Iberdrola is one of the leading private electric utilities worldwide, with its services, reaching 16 million customers, over nine million in Spain; concentrated in generation, transmission, distribution and marketing of electricity and natural gas. ... The only remaining old furnace in Sestao. ... // Overview Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria (BBVA) is a multinational Basque banking group. ...


Twentieth century

Pablo Picasso's Guernica dedicated to the bombing of Gernika during the Spanish Civil War.
Pablo Picasso's Guernica dedicated to the bombing of Gernika during the Spanish Civil War.

During the Second Spanish Republic, the Basque Nationalist Party (PNV) governed the province. When the Spanish Civil War broke out, Biscay supported the Republican side against the army of Francisco Franco, of fascist ideology. Image File history File links PicassoGuernica. ... Image File history File links PicassoGuernica. ... Picasso redirects here. ... Anthem El Himno de Riego Capital Madrid Language(s) Spanish Government Republic President  - 1931–1936 Niceto Alcalá-Zamora  - 1936–1939 Manuel Azaña Legislature Congress of Deputies Historical era Interwar period  - Monarchy abolished April 14, 1931  - Spanish Civil War 1936–1939  - Surrender to Franco April 1, 1939 Currency Spanish peseta... The Basque Nationalist Party is a political party in the Basque region of Spain. ... Not to be confused with the Spanish Civil War of 1820-1823. ... “Franco” redirects here. ... Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ...


Soon after, the Republic acknowledged a statute of autonomy for the Basque Country but, due to fascist control of large parts of it, the first short-lived Basque Autonomous Community had power only over Biscay and a few nearby villages.


As the fascist army advanced westward from Navarre, defenses were planned and erected around Bilbao, called the Iron Belt. But the engineer in charge, José Goicoechea, defected to the fascists, causing the unfinished defenses to be of little value. In 1937, German airplanes under Franco's control destroyed the historic city of Gernika, not before having bombed Durango with some less severity few weeks before. Some months later, Bilbao fell to the fascists. The Basque army (Eusko Gudarostea) retreated to Santoña, beyond the limits of Biscay. There they pacted their surrender with the Italian forces (Santoña Agreement), but these gave them away to Franco. This surrender was seen negatively by the rest of Republican forces, who felt that the Basques had betrayed them. Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The bombing of Gernika was an aerial attack on April 26, 1937, during the Spanish Civil War by the German Luftwaffe squadron known as the Condor Legion against the Basque city of Gernika (Spanish: Guernica). ... Eusko Gudarostea was the name of the Basque national army during the Spanish civil war. ... The Santoña Agreement or Pact of Santoña is an agreement signed in the port town of Santoña, Santander province the August 24th, 1937, during the Spanish Civil War, between politicians close to the Basque Nationalist Party (BNP), fighting with the Republican Side, and Italian forces fighting with...


Under the dicatorship of Franco, Biscay and Gipuzkoa (exclusively) were declared "traitor provinces" and stripped from any sort of self-rule.


Only after Franco's death in 1975, democracy was restored in Spain. The 1978 constitution, accepted the particular Basque laws (fueros) In 1979 the Statute of Guernica was approved and Biscay, Araba and Gipuzkoa formed the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country. The Autonomous Community of the Basque Country has its own parliament. Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Spanish transition to democracy or new Bourbon restoration was the era when Spain moved from the dictatorship of Francisco Franco to a liberal democratic state. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Fuero (Spanish) is a Spanish legal term and concept. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Álava (Basque Araba, Spanish Álava) is a Spain, in the southern part of the autonomous community of the Basque Country. ... Guipuscoa province. ... Pays Basque) see Northern Basque Country. ...


For all of the recent democratic period the winner of all the elections held in Biscay has been the Basque Nationalist Party. Recently the foral law was amended to extend it to the towns and the city of Urduina, that had always used the general Spanish Civil law. For other uses of civil law, see civil law. ...


External links

Basque Portal
  • Official website
  • Señores de Vizcaya: list of all claimed Lords of Biscay and interesting historical maps.

Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Location of the Basque Country The Basque Country divided in seven provinces Capital Pamplona Official languages Basque, French, Spanish Demonym Basque Currency Euro The Basque-speaking areas This article is about the overall Basque domain. ... Guipuscoa province. ... Álava province Álava (Basque: Araba) is a province of northern Spain, in the southern part of the autonomous community of the Basque Country. ... “Navarra” redirects here. ... Location of the Basque Country Northern Basque Country in green The Northern Basque Country, French Basque Country or Continental Basque Country (French: , Basque: ) constitutes the northern part of the Basque Country and the western part of the French department of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques. ... Coat of Arms of Labourd Labourd (Lapurdi in Basque; from Latin Lapurdum, Labord in Gascon) is a former French province and part of the present-day Pyrénées Atlantiques département. ... Basse-Navarre (Nafarroa Beherea in Basque) is a former French province, part of the present day Pyrénées Atlantiques département. ... Mauléon, capital of Soule Soule (Zuberoa, Xiberu or Xüberoa in Basque, Sola in Gascon) is a former French province and part of the present day Pyrénées Atlantiques département. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Basque_Country. ... This is a list of the municipalities in the province of Biscay (Spanish Vizcaya, Basque Bizkaia) in the autonomous community of Basque Country, Spain. ... Abadiño is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Abanto y Ciérbana-Abanto Zierbena is a municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Ajangiz is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Alonsotegi is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Amorebieta-Etxano or Zornotza are two different names for the same town and municipality located in Biscay in the Basque Country, Autonomous Community in the North of Spain. ... Amoroto is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Arakaldo is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Arantzazu is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Artzentales is a municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, northern Spain. ... Aeatza is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Arrankudiaga is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Arratzu is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Arrieta is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Arrigorriaga is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Artea is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Atxondo is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Aulesti is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Bakio is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Balmaseda (Basque language; the formerly-used Spanish name was Valmaseda) is a town in the Encartaciones/Enkarterriak region of Bizkaia, Basque Autonomous Community, Spain. ... Coat of arms Location of Barakaldo in Biscay. ... Barrika is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Basauri is a major municipality of Biscay, in the Basque Country. ... Bedia is a town and municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, northern Spain. ... Berango is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Bermeo is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Berriatua is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Berriz is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... La Muy Noble y Muy Leal e Invicta (The most noble and most loyal and undefeated) Location Location of Bilbao in Spain and Biscay Coordinates : , Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Bilbao (Basque) Spanish name Bilbao Nickname El Botxo (the hole) Founded 15... Busturia is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Derio is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Dima is a town and municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, northern Spain. ... Panorama of Durango, Anboto to the left. ... Ea is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Elantxobe is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Elorrio is a town and municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the autonomous community of the Basque Country, northern Spain. ... Erandio is a town and municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, northern Spain. ... Ereño is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Ermua is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Errigoiti is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Etxebarri, Doneztebeko Elizatea (Spanish: Etxebarri, Anteiglesia de San Esteban) is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Etxebarria is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Forua is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Fruiz is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Galdakao is a town and municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, northern Spain. ... Galdames is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Gamiz-Fika is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Garai is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Gatika is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Gautegiz Arteaga is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Flag of Gernika-Lumo. ... Location of Getxo in Biscay. ... Gizaburuaga is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Gordexola is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Gorliz is a town and municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, northern Spain. ... Güeñes is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Ibarrangelu is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Igorre is a municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, northern Spain. ... Ispaster is a town and municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, northern Spain. ... Iurreta is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Izurtza is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Karrantza in Basque or Carranza in Spanish is a town and municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, northern Spain. ... Kortezubi is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Lanestosa is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Larrabetzu is a town and municipality located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, northern Spain. ... Laukiz is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... The main boulevard in Leioa (Looking south towards Bilbao). ... Location of Lekeitio in Biscay. ... Lemoa is a town and municipality located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, northern Spain. ... Lemoiz is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Lezama is a town and municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, northern Spain. ... Loiu is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Mallabia is a town and municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, northern Spain. ... Mañaria is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Markina-Xemein is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Maruri-Jatabe is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Mendata is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Mendexa is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Meñaka is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Morga is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Mundaka is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Mungia is a town and municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, northern Spain. ... Munitibar-Arbatzegi Gerrikaitz is a town and municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, northern Spain. ... Murueta is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Muskiz is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Muxika is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Nabarniz is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Ondarroa is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... The citys town hall. ... Orozko is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Ortuella is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Otxandio is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Plentzia is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Puente Colgante Portugalete is a port city lying to the west of Bilbao (Basque: Bilbo) in the province of Vizcaya in Spain. ... Santurce-Santurtzi is a port in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, Spain. ... Sestao is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Sondika is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Sopelana is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Sopuerta is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Sukarrieta is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Trapagaran in Basque or Valle de Trápaga in Spanish is a town and municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, northern Spain. ... Trucios-Turtzioz is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Ubide is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Ugao-Miraballes is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Urduliz is a municipality of Biscay, Basque Country. ... Zaldibar is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Zalla is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Zamudio is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Zaratamo is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Zeanuri is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Zeberio is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Zierbena is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Bolivar is derived from Simón Bolívar, one of the principal figures of the Latin American civil wars so called of independence; the Republic of Bolivia and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela are named after him, as are a number of other things, mainly in the Western Hemisphere. ... Image File history File links Bizkaikoarmarri. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Bay of Biscay - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (366 words)
The Bay of Biscay (Spanish: Golfo de Vizcaya; French: Golfe de Gascogne; Basque: Bizkaiko Golkoa) is a gulf of the North Atlantic Ocean.
Biscay is also an area of the British Shipping Forecast, familiar to BBC Radio 4 listeners.
Volunteers and employees from the Biscay Dolphin Research Programme use the bridge of the vessel on the PandO Portsmouth to Bilbao run to observe and monitor cetacean activity.
Biscay - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (695 words)
Biscay (Basque Bizkaia, Spanish: Vizcaya) is a province of northern Spain, in the northwestern part of the autonomous community of the Basque Country.
Biscay is bordered by the provinces of Cantabria and Burgos to the west, Guipúzcoa to the east, and Álava to the south, and by the Cantabrian Sea (Bay of Biscay) to the north.
The Lords, and later the kings, came to swear the Statutes to the oak of Gernika, where the assembly of the Lordship was reunited.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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