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Encyclopedia > Birth
A woman giving birth on a birth chair, circa 1515
A woman giving birth on a birth chair, circa 1515

Birth is the process in animals by which an offspring is physiologically expelled from the body of its mother. Different forms of birth are oviparity, vivipary or ovovivipary. Prose is writing distinguished from poetry by its greater variety of rhythm and its closer resemblance to everyday speech. ... Look up birth in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (500x760, 145 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Midwifery Eucharius Rösslin ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (500x760, 145 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Midwifery Eucharius Rösslin ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... In biology, offspring are the product of reproduction, a new organism produced by one or more parents. ... For other uses, see Mother (disambiguation). ... Oviparous animals are animals that lay eggs, with little or no other embryonic development within the mother. ... Poa alpina, a grass which shows vivipary: the seeds germinate while still attached to the mother plant. ... Ovoviviparous animals develop within eggs that remain within the mothers body up until they hatch or are about to hatch. ...


Two words used to describe human offspring while in utero are embryo and fetus. Their meanings refer to earlier and later stages of development. In Utero is the third and final studio album by the American grunge band Nirvana, released on September 21, 1993 by DGC Records. ... For other uses, see Embryo (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fetus (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Medical meanings

Newborn after typical hospital birth
Newborn after typical hospital birth

Parturition redirects here. ... This article is about human pregnancy in biological females. ... The term baby can refer to: an infant a very early computer—the Small-Scale Experimental Machine, nicknamed Baby a musician – Brian Williams – who performs under the name Baby. ... Natural childbirth is a childbirth philosophy that attempts to minimize medical intervention, particularly the use of anesthetic medications and surgical interventions such as episiotomies, forceps and ventouse deliveries and caesarean sections. ... Anesthesia (AE), also anaesthesia (BE), is the process of blocking the perception of pain and other sensations. ... Parturition redirects here. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Quadruplet, quintuplet, etc. ... For other uses, see Twin (disambiguation). ... The vagina, (from Latin, literally sheath or scabbard ) is the tubular tract leading from the uterus to the exterior of the body in female placental mammals and marsupials, or to the cloaca in female birds, monotremes, and some reptiles. ... A caesarean section (AE cesarean section), or c-section, is a form of childbirth in which a surgical incision is made through a mothers abdomen (laparotomy) and uterus (hysterotomy) to deliver one or more babies. ... “Surgeon” redirects here. ... The abdomen in a human and an ant. ... Newborn with suctioning and umbilical cord Childbirth (also called labour, birth, or parturition) is the culmination of pregnancy, the emergence of a child from its mothers uterus. ... This article is about female reproductive anatomy. ... For other uses, see Nerve (disambiguation). ... This article is about the biological unit. ... Lotus Birth is the practice of leaving the umbilical cord unclamped, nor tied, after the third stage of labour so that the baby is left attached to its placenta until the cord naturally separates at the umbilicus, generally 1–3 days after birth (as compared to approximately 5 to 15... In placental mammals, the umbilical cord is a tube that connects a developing embryo or fetus to the placenta. ... The placenta (Latin for cake, referencing its appearance in humans) is an ephemeral organ present in placental vertebrates, such as eutherial mammals and sharks during gestation (pregnancy). ... The placenta (Latin for cake, referencing its appearance in humans) is an ephemeral organ present in placental vertebrates, such as eutherial mammals and sharks during gestation (pregnancy). ... For other uses, see Birth control (disambiguation). ... // COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 93/42/EEC of 14 June 1993 concerning medical devices defines a ‘medical device’ as: any instrument, apparatus, appliance, material or other article, whether used alone or in combination, including the software necessary for its proper application intended by the manufacturer to be used for human beings for... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 545 pixelsFull resolution (1485 × 1011 pixel, file size: 516 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 545 pixelsFull resolution (1485 × 1011 pixel, file size: 516 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation...

Complications

  • Infertility treatments are devices, medications, or behavior patterns to increase the probability of pregnancy.
  • Premature birth is the birth of an infant before the full term of pregnancy.
  • Birth defect is a physical or mental abnormality present at the time of birth.
  • Stillbirth is the birth of a dead fetus or infant.
  • Birth trauma is a theory in Pre & Perinatal psychology and natural medicine that the baby experiences extreme pain during the birthing process and that this pain influences the child later in life.
  • VBAC is a Vaginal Birth after a Caesarean Birth.

Infertility primarily refers to the biological inability of a man or a woman to contribute to conception. ... In most systems of human pregnancy, the condition, premature birth (also known as a preterm birth), occurs when the baby is born within sooner than 36 weeks of completed gestation. ... A congenital disorder is any medical condition that is present at birth. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Pre- and perinatal psychology is the study of the psychological implications of the earliest experiences of the individual, before (prenatal) and during (perinatal) childbirth. ... A caesarean section (cesarean section AE), is a surgical incision through a mothers abdomen (laparotomy) and uterus (hysterotomy) to deliver one or more fetuses. ...

Legal meanings

  • Birthday is a day to celebrate that the person has lived a certain number of years. It is an annual event based either on the anniversary of a person's date of birth, or on astrological birthtime calculations.
  • Birth certificate is a legal document describing details of a person's birth.
  • A nuclear family comprising the father, mother, brother or sister, is an institution where the members are related by birth.
  • In some countries a person is considered of illegitimate birth if the child is born of parents not legally married to each other.

For other uses, see Birthday (disambiguation). ... Hand-coloured version of the anonymous Flammarion woodcut (1888). ... Mary Elizabeth Winblad (1895-1987) birth certificate A birth certificate is a vital record that documents the birth of a child. ... The term nuclear family developed in the western world to distinguish the family group consisting of parents (usually a father and mother) and their children, from what is known as an extended family. ... Illegitimacy is the status that was once commonly ascribed to individuals born to parents who were not married. ...

Spiritual meanings

Mother and child reunion, immediately after birth
Mother and child reunion, immediately after birth
  • Astrology is based upon the belief that an individual's life is influenced by the geocentric positions of the Sun, Moon, and planets in the sky or below the horizon at the moment of birth; a natal chart is calculated using the exact time, date, and place of birth in order to try and interpret these cyclical influences on a person's life.
  • Virgin Birth of Jesus is the Christian doctrine that asserts that Jesus Christ was born to a virgin, and thus that His conception was carried out without an earthly father.
  • Born again, a term used primarily in Protestant Christianity, is associated with salvation, conversion, and spiritual rebirth.
  • Rebirth is a belief that a person is born again after their death based on the karma of their previous births.

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1361 pixels, file size: 216 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Closeup of babys face right after birth, skin covered in vernix and some blood. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1361 pixels, file size: 216 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Closeup of babys face right after birth, skin covered in vernix and some blood. ... Hand-coloured version of the anonymous Flammarion woodcut (1888). ... The geocentric model (in Greek: geo = earth and centron = centre) of the universe is a paradigm which places the Earth at its center. ... Sol redirects here. ... This article is about Earths moon. ... A planet (from the Greek πλανήτης, planetes or wanderers) is a body of considerable mass that orbits a star and that produces very little or no energy through nuclear fusion. ... For other uses, see Sky (disambiguation). ... Horizon. ... This natal chart, appearing in Ebenezer Siblys Astrology (1806), was drawn for the speculated birth date of Jesus Christ, midnight, December 25, year 45 in the Julian calendar. ... This article is about life in general. ... For the biological phenomenon of female-only reproduction, see Parthenogenesis. ... Born again is a term used originally and mainly in Christianity, where it is associated with salvation, conversion and spiritual rebirth. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... For other uses, see Salvation (disambiguation). ... Religious conversion is the adoption of a new religious identity, or a change from one religious identity to another. ... Spirituality, in a narrow sense, concerns itself with matters of the spirit. ... This article is about the theological concept. ... For other uses, see Karma (disambiguation). ...

Metaphorical meanings

The term birth is used metaphorically to refer to a beginning, especially of a natural phenomenon, one that is impressive in its scope or complexity, or one that is viewed favorably.

  • Stellar evolution is the field of study that deals with the birth of stars and their lifecycles.

Projected timeline of the Suns life In astronomy, stellar evolution is the process by which a star undergoes a sequence of radical changes during its lifetime. ...

See also

Parturition redirects here. ... For other uses, see Death (disambiguation). ... This article is about fertilisation in animals and plants. ... Home birth is childbirth that occurs outside a hospital or birthing center setting, usually in the home of the mother. ... In the Bible, Sarah is said to have given birth to her son, Isaac, when she was 90 years old. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Instructions to Obtain a Birth Certificate Copy (2411 words)
Because of the high demand for copies of birth certificates, requests for uncertified copies of birth certificates are not completed on the same schedule as certified copies and may take three to six months to complete.
Birth certificates from later years may include information on the time of birth, and the ages, place of birth, and occupation of the parents.
A certified copy of a birth certificate may be issued in two formats, a computer-printed extract or a photocopy of the original record.
Birth Balance: A Resource for Waterbirth, Pregnancy/Birth Photography, Labor Support Doulas, Post-Partum (755 words)
On a cold, billowy evening of November 15, 1987, the conception of Birth Balance occurred in a New York loft on 22nd Street between 5th and 6th Avenue.
Preview Birth Balance Photography protraying the sequence of a natural labor and birth in water, edited into a short Lamaze International, Childbirth Education Commercial.
Birth Balance Photographs will be previewed on the website for "Alternative Birth," a site which offers a voice for movement.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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