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Encyclopedia > Birmingham Small Arms Company

The Birmingham Small Arms Company (BSA) was a British manufacturer of vehicles, firearms, and military equipment, and still exists as an airgun sport manufacturer and distributor. The Trikke is a Human Powered Vehicle (HPV) Automobiles are among the most commonly used engine powered vehicles. ... Firearms redirects here. ... Air guns are weapons that propel a bullet using compressed air or another gas, possibly liquefied. ...


At its peak, BSA was the largest motorcycle producer in the world. Loss of sales and poor investments in new products in the motorcycle division, which included Triumph Motorcycles, led to problems for the whole group. Triumph Motorcycles is an English motorcycle manufacturer, originally based in Coventry. ...

Contents

History

BSA was founded in 1861 in the Gun Quarter, Birmingham, England by fourteen gunsmiths of the Birmingham Small Arms Trade Association, who had together supplied arms to the British government during the Crimean War. The company branched out as the gun trade declined; in the 1870s they manufactured the Otto Dicycle, in the 1880s the company began to manufacture bicycles and in 1903 the company's first experimental motorcycle was constructed. Their first prototype automobile was produced in 1907 and the next year the company sold 150 automobiles. By 1909 they were offering a number of motorcycles for sale and in 1910 BSA purchased the British Daimler Company for its automobile engines. The Gun Quarter is the name given to an area of the city of Birmingham, in England, traditionally (and still) associated with the manufacture of firearms and sporting guns. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article is about the British city. ... Combatants Allies: Second French Empire British Empire Ottoman Empire Kingdom of Sardinia Russian Empire Bulgarian volunteers Casualties 90,000 French 35,000 Turkish 17,500 British 2,194 Sardinian killed, wounded and died of disease ~134,000 killed, wounded and died of disease The Crimean War (1853–1856) was fought... For other uses, see Bicycle (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Motorcycle (disambiguation). ... Daimler (pronounced Dame-ler) has, since 1896, been the motor car marque of the British Daimler Motor Company, based in Coventry. ...


World War One

During World War I, the company returned to arms manufacture and greatly expanded its operations. BSA produced rifles, Lewis guns, shells, motorcycles and other vehicles for the war effort. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Rifle (disambiguation). ... The Lewis Gun is a pre-World War I era squad automatic weapon/machine gun of American design that was most widely used by the forces of the British Empire. ... Shells of WWI. From left to right: 90 mm fragmentation shell - 120 mm pig iron incendiary shell 77/14 model - 75 mm high explosive shell model 16 - 75 mm fragmentation shell A shell is a payload-carrying projectile, which, as opposed to a bullet, contains an explosive or other filling...


Inter-War years

1935 magazine advert for the BSA range of motorcycles and 3-wheeler cars

In 1920, it bought some of the assets of the Aircraft Manufacturing Company (Airco), which had built many important aircraft during the war but had become bankrupt due to the falloff in orders once hostilities ceased. BSA did not go into aviation; the chief designer Geoffrey de Havilland of Airco founded the de Havilland company. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... George Holt Thomas established the Aircraft Manufacturing Company (Airco) at The Hyde in Hendon, north London, England during 1912. ... Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of an individual or organization to pay their creditors. ... For other uses, see De Havilland (disambiguation). ...


As well as the Daimler car range, BSA re-entered the car market under their own name in 1921 with a V-twin engined light car followed by four-cylinder models up to 1926 when the name was temporarily dropped. In 1929 a new range of 3 and 4 wheel cars appeared and production of these continued until 1936.


In the 1930s the board of directors authorised expenditure on bringing their arms-making equipment back to use - it had been stored at company expense since the end of the Great War in the belief that BSA might again be called upon to perform its patriotic duty.


In 1931 the Lanchester Motor Company was acquired and production of their cars transferred to Daimler's Coventry works. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


World War Two

By World War II, BSA had 67 factories and was well positioned to meet the demand for guns and ammunition. BSA operations were also dispersed to other companies under licence. During the war it produced over a million Lee-Enfield rifles, Sten sub machine guns and half a million Browning machine guns. Wartime demands included motorcycle production. BSA supplied 126,000 M20 motorcycles to the armed forces, from 1937 (and later until 1950) plus military bicycles including the folding paratrooper bicycle. At the same time, the Daimler concern was producing armoured cars. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This article is about the video game. ... Ammunition, often referred to as ammo, is a generic term meaning (the assembly of) a projectile and its propellant. ... Lee-Enfield No4 Mk1 with bayonet, scabbard attached The Lee-Enfield was the British armys standard bolt action, magazine-fed, repeating rifle from 1895 until 1956. ... This article is about the submachine gun. ... The Browning M1919 was a . ...


Post war

Sir Bernard Docker headed BSA until 1951, after which Jack Sangster became Managing Director. Post-war, BSA continued to expand the range of metal goods it produced. The BSA Group bought Triumph Motorcycles in 1951, making them the largest producer of motorcycles in the world. The cycle and motor cycle interests of Ariel, Sunbeam and New Hudson were also acquired. Most of these had belonged to Sangster. Sir Bernard Docker, Kt was an English business executive. ... John Young Sangster (May 29, 1896 – March 26, 1977) was an industrialist who became an important figure in the history of the British motorcycle industry. ... Triumph Motorcycles is an English motorcycle manufacturer, originally based in Coventry. ... Ariel was a British bicycle, motorcycle and automobile marque manufactured in Birmingham. ... Older Sunbeam badge Another Sunbeam badge BSA Sunbeam Scooter badge Sunbeam was a British motorcycle marque generally known for high quality. ... Older Sunbeam badge Another Sunbeam badge BSA Sunbeam Scooter badge Sunbeam was a British motorcycle marque generally known for high quality. ...


In 1960 Daimler was sold off to Jaguar. Daimler (pronounced Dame-ler) has, since 1896, been the motor car marque of the British Daimler Motor Company, based in Coventry. ... Jaguar Cars Limited is a luxury car manufacturer, originally with headquarters in Browns Lane, Coventry, England but now at Whitley, Coventry. ...


The BSA bicycle arm was sold off to Raleigh in 1957. Bicycles under the BSA name are currently manufactured and distributed within India by TI Cycles of India. Raleigh is a British bicycle manufacturer based in Nottingham in central England. ... TI Cycles of India is one of the leading bicycle manufacturers in India. ...


The production of guns bearing the BSA name continued beyond the 1957 sale of the bicycle division, but in 1986 BSA Guns was liquidated, the assets bought and renamed BSA Guns (UK) Ltd. The company continues to make air rifles and shotguns, and are still based in Small Heath in Birmingham. Sparkbrook and Small Heath constituency shown within Birmingham Small Heath is an area within the city of Birmingham, West Midlands, England. ...


Norton-Villiers-Triumph

The Group continued to expand and acquire throughout the 1950s but by 1965 competition from Japan (in the shape of companies like Honda) and Germany was eroding BSA's market share. The BSA (and Triumph range) were no longer aligned with the markets; mopeds were displacing scooter sales, superbikes were up at 1000 cc and the trials and scrambles areas were now the preserve of two-strokes. Some poor marketing decisions and expensive projects contributed to substantial losses. For example, the development and production investment of the Ariel 3, an ultra stable 3 wheel scooter, was not recouped by sales; the loss has been estimated at some 2 million pounds. This article is about the Japanese motor corporation. ...


In 1968 BSA announced many changes to it's line of single, twin and the new triple cylinder machines for the 1969 line-up. It now concentrated on the more promising USA and to a lesser extent Canadian markets but despite the adding of turn signals and even dual flag USA/UK BSA A65 twins, the end was near.


Reorganisation in 1971 concentrated motorcycle production at Meriden, Triumph's site, with production of components and engines at BSA's Small Heath. At the same time there were redundancies and the selling of assets. Barclays Bank arranged financial backing to the tune of 10 million. Barclays Bank headquarters One Churchill Place, Canary Wharf Barclays plc (LSE: BARC, NYSE: BCS, TYO: 8642 ) is the fourth largest bank in the United Kingdom. ...


Upgrades and service bulletins continued until 1972, but the less service intensive Japanese bikes had by then flooded the market on both sides of the Atlantic. The merger to Norton Villers was started in late 1972 and for a brief time a Norton 500 single was built with the B50 based unit-single engine but few if any were sold publicly. The BSA unit single B50's 500 cc enjoyed much improvement in the hands of the CCM motorcycle company and the BSA basic design continued living until the mid to late 1970s in competitive form in Europe.


By 1972, BSA was so moribund that with bankruptcy imminent, and with government backing its motorcycle businesses were absorbed into the Manganese Bronze company, Norton-Villiers, which became Norton-Villiers-Triumph with the intention of producing and marketing Norton and Triumph motorcycles. The shareholders of BSA confirmed the deal. Although the BSA name was left out of the new company's name, a few products continued to be made carrying it until 1973. The final range was just four models: Gold Star 500, 650 Thunderbolt/Lightning and the 750 cc Rocket Three. Notice of closure stuck on the door of a computer store the day after its parent company, Granville Technology Group Ltd, declared bankruptcy (strictly, put into administration—see text) in the United Kingdom. ... Manganese Bronze Holdings PLC is an engineering company based in Coventry, England. ... Norton-Villiers was a British motorcycle manufacturer formed in the 1960s following the collapse of Associated Motorcycles. ... In 1973, the British governments attempt to rescue the motorcycle industry forced a merger of the Birmingham Small Arms Company (BSA) (including their subsidiary Triumph ) and Norton-Villiers in return for funds to remain in business. ... The BSA Rocket Three/Triumph Trident was the first true modern superbike, and the last major motorcycle developed by the original (Triumph Engineering Ltd) Triumph company. ...


However, the plan involved the axing of some brands, large redundancies and consolidation of production at two sites. This scheme to rescue and combine Norton, BSA and Triumph failed in the face of worker resistance. Norton's and BSA's factories were eventually shut down, while Triumph staggered on to fail four years later.


Out of the ashes of receivership, the NVT Motorcycles Ltd company which owned the rights to the BSA marque, was bought-out by the management and renamed the BSA Company.


The BSA bicycle arm had been sold to Raleigh in 1956 and the BSA Winged-B logo was still seen for a while on up-market bicycles. The Raleigh Bicycle Company is an English bicycle manufacturer originally based in Nottingham in central England. ...


Limited revival

The BSA company produced military motorcycles (with Rotax engines) and motorcycles for developing countries (with Yamaha engines) under the BSA name. In the later case the old "Bushman" name was recalled to duty - it had been previously used on high ground clearance Bantams sold for the likes of Australian sheep farmers. Rotax is an Austrian engine manufacturer, founded in 1920 in Dresden, Germany. ... D1 Early model The Bantam was a two-stroke motorcycle produced by BSA from 1948 to 1971. ...


In 1991, the BSA (motorcycle) Company merged with Andover Norton International Ltd., to form a new BSA Group, largely producing spare parts for existing motorcycles. In December 1994, BSA Group was taken over by a newly formed BSA Regal Group. The new company, based in Southampton, has a large spares business and has produced a number of limited-edition, retro-styled motorcycles. For other uses, see Southampton (disambiguation). ...


Products

Bicycles

Bicycle manufacture was what led BSA into motorcycles. The subsidiary business BSA Bicycles Ltd was sold to Raleigh Industries in 1956? or 1957??. The Raleigh Bicycle Company is an English bicycle manufacturer originally based in Nottingham in central England. ...


Motorcycles

BSA Motorcycles Ltd
Fate effectively bankrupt
Successor Norton-Villiers-Triumph
Founded 1919
Defunct 1972
Location
Industry motorcycles
Products some of company's notable products
Peak size peak number of employees employees
Parent BSA
Subsidiary former subsidiaries, if any

The first wholly BSA motorcycles were built in 1910, before then engines had come from other manufacturers. BSA Motorcycles Ltd was set up as a subsidiary in 1919. In 1973, the British governments attempt to rescue the motorcycle industry forced a merger of the Birmingham Small Arms Company (BSA) (including their subsidiary Triumph ) and Norton-Villiers in return for funds to remain in business. ...


BSA motorcycles were sold as affordable motorcycles with reasonable performance for the average user. BSA stressed the reliability of their machines, the availability of spares and dealer support. The motorcycles were a mixture of sidevalve and OHV engines offering different performance for different roles, e.g. hauling a sidecar. The bulk of use would be for commuting. BSA motorcycles were also popular with "fleet buyers" in Britain, who (for example) used the Bantams for telegram delivery for the Post Office or motorcycle/sidecar combinations for AA patrols Automobile Association (AA) breakdown help services. This mass market appeal meant they could claim "one in four is a BSA" on advertising. BMW R51/3 motorcycle with sidecar Ural Retro with sidecar Vespa scooter with sidecar This article concerns sidecar as an attachment to a motocycle. ... The term General Post Office is or has been used by a number of postal and telecommunications governmental administrations worldwide, including: United Kingdom until 1969, see Post Office UK. After 1981 see Royal Mail for a continuing history of the British Post Office. ... The Automobile Association (also referred to as The AA) is a British motoring organization. ...


Machines with better specifications were available for those who wanted more performance or for competition work.


Initially, after World War II, BSA motorcycles were not generally seen as racing machines, compared to the likes of Norton. In the immediate post war period few were entered in races such as the TT races, though this changed dramatically in the Junior Clubman event (smaller engine motorcycles racing over some 3 or 4 laps around one of the Isle of Man courses). In 1947 there were but a couple of BSA mounted riders, but by 1952 BSA were in the majority and in 1956 the makeup was 53 BSA, 1 Norton and 1 Velocette. Norton 850 Commando Norton is a British motorcycle marque from Birmingham and founded in 1898. ... Velocette was a British brand of motorcycles. ...


To improve US sales, in 1954, for example, BSA entered a team of riders in the 200 mile Daytona beach race with a mixture of single cylinder Gold Stars and twin cylinder Shooting Stars assembled by Roland Pike. The BSA team riders amazingly took first, second, third, fourth, and fifth places with two more riders finishing at 8th and 16th. This was the first case of a one brand sweep.[1] The Daytona 200 is a 68-lap, 200 mile (322 km) motorcycle race held annually at the Daytona International Speedway in Daytona Beach, Florida. ... The BSA Gold Star, (1938 - 1963), was a 350 and 500 cc 4-stroke production motorcycle that gained its reputation for being one of the fastest machines of the 1950s. ...


The BSA factory experienced success in the sport of motocross with Jeff Smith riding a B40 to capture the 1964 and 1965 FIM 500 cc Motocross World Championships. It would be the last year the title would be won by a four-stroke machine until the mid-1990s. Motocross traditionally took place (and still does) in wet weather, leading to muddy scenes like this and hence the term Scrambling. Photo from New Zealand. ... Jeffrey Vincent Smith MBE (born 1934 in Colne, England) is a former world champion motocross racer. ... The Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM, International Motorcycling Federation) is the governing body of motorcycle racing. ... . ... The four-stroke cycle of an internal combustion engine is the cycle most commonly used for automotive and industrial purposes today (cars and trucks, generators, etc). ...


Motorcycle models

This is a list of Birmingham Small Arms Company (BSA) motorcycles from first models to the end of the marque in the 1970s. ...

Pre World War II

  • G14 1000 cc V-twin
  • Empire Star
  • Blue Star
  • Silver Star
  • Gold Star
  • Sloper
  • M20
as the WD M20 the motorcycle of the British Army in WW2

The BSA Gold Star, (1938 - 1963), was a 350 and 500 cc 4-stroke production motorcycle that gained its reputation for being one of the fastest machines of the 1950s. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ...

Post World War II

1957 BSA Golden Flash 650
1957 BSA Golden Flash 650
1969 BSA Royal Star
  • A series Twins (four-stroke, parallel twin)
    • A7
      • A7 Shooting Star
    • A10
      • A10 Golden Flash
      • A10 Road Rocket
      • A10 Super Rocket
      • A10 Super Flash
      • A10 Rocket Gold Star
    • A50
      • A50R Royal Star
      • A50C Cyclone
      • A50W Wasp
    • A65
      • A65 Star Twin
      • A65L Lightning
      • A65R Rocket
      • A65T Thunderbolt
      • A65H Hornet
      • A65S Spitfire
      • A65F Firebird Scrambler
    • A70L Lightning 750
  • Triples - the BSA Rocket 3/Triumph Trident were co-developed, and resultantly the Rocket3 shares a majority of engine components and cycle parts with the Triumph Trident (see Triumph Motorcycles), but has BSA "slanted" engine cases, and BSA frame and tinware.
    • A75R Rocket3 750
    • A75RV Rocket3 750 - 5 speed
    • A75V Rocket3 750 - 5 speed
  • B series (4 stroke single cylinder)
    • B25 Fleet Star
    • B25 Starfire
    • B25 Barracuda
    • B25 SS Gold Star
    • B31
    • B32 Gold Star
    • B33
    • B34 Gold Star
    • B40 350 Star
    • B40 SS90
    • B44 Victor
    • B44
      • B44SS Shooting Star
      • B44VS Victor Special
    • B50
      • B50SS Gold Star 500
      • B50T Victor Trials
      • B50MX Motocross
  • C series (Four-stroke unit singles).
    • C10
    • C11/C11G: 12 hp (9 kW) - 70 mph (110 km/h) - 85mpg - weight 250 lb (113 kg).

The C11 used a C10 motor fitted with OHV top end. The frame on the C11 was almost unchanged until 1951 when BSA fitted a plunger rear end making only a little improvement to the quality of the ride. Early gearboxes were weak and were know to explode. The C11G was available as a 3 speed with rigid frame or 4 speed with the plunger frame version. Both models had better front brakes than earlier models. This model was a popular all round commuter motorcycle, and many can still be seen around today. Image File history File links 57_Goldflash_650_-_Gold_RHS_002. ... Image File history File links 57_Goldflash_650_-_Gold_RHS_002. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 518 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,912 × 1,238 pixels, file size: 532 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) 1969 BSA Royal Star I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 518 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,912 × 1,238 pixels, file size: 532 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) 1969 BSA Royal Star I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The BSA Rocket 3 and Triumph Trident were the first true modern superbike, and the last major motorcycle developed by the original Triumph Motorcycles company. ... Triumph Motorcycles is an English motorcycle manufacturer, originally based in Coventry. ... The BSA B31 was the first new model introduced by the company after the Second World War. ...

(1956 - 1958). 249 cc OHV
    • C15 Star
    • C15T Trials
    • C15S Scrambler
    • C15SS80 Sports Star 80
    • C15 Sportsman
  • D series (Two-stroke single cylinder. See BSA Bantam for details)
    • D1
    • D3
    • D5
    • D7
    • D10
    • D13
    • D14/4
    • B175
  • Others (may include some export versions of models listed above)
    • BSA Barracuda
    • BSA Beagle
    • BSA Brigand - late 70s moto-cross style product by NVT with imported 50 cc 2 stroke engine.
    • BSA Dandy 70
    • BSA Sunbeam (Scooters, also produced as Triumph TS1, TW2 Tigress)
      • 175B1
      • 250B2
    • BSA Starfire
    • BSA Rocket Scrambler
    • BSA Rocket Gold Star
    • BSA Fury
    • BSA Hornet
    • Winged Wheel (auxiliary power unit for bicycles)
    • T65 Thunderbolt (essentially a Triumph TR6P with BSA Badges)

The BSA C12 was a British motorcycle produced by the Birmingham Small Arms Company. ... D1 Early model The Bantam was a two-stroke motorcycle produced by BSA from 1948 to 1971. ... The BSA Sunbeam badge The Triumph Tigress, also sold as the BSA Sunbeam, was a scooter designed to have good performance and handling for the motorcycle enthusiast, In the 1960s, despite internal opposition from those who felt that scooters would dilute the macho image of the brand, Triumph (owned by...

Cars

Car timeline

  • 1907 to 1914 various forms with capacities ranging from 2.5 to 4.2 litre. The larger cars were based on the 1907 Peking-Paris Itala.
  • 1910 BSA purchased the Daimler Company who took over car manufacture.
  • 1911 BSA car with Daimler engine.
  • 1912 Car production transferred to Coventry, BSA cars became rebadged Daimlers.
  • 1914 War stopped car production
  • 1921 BSA car production resumed with rear-wheel-drive air-cooled V-twin light car.
  • 1929 First BSA three-wheeler
  • 1931 TW-5 van version of the three-wheeler
  • 1931 BSA acquired Lanchester.
  • 1932 T-9 open four seat four-wheeler with a water-cooled four cylinder 9 hp (6.7 kW) engine (1075 cc).
  • 1932 V-9 Van version also produced.
  • 1932 Another BSA Rear-wheel-drive fluid flywheel 10 hp (7.5 kW) car, sold alongside the T9.
  • 1932 FW32 Four wheeled version of the 3-wheeler produced for 1 year
  • 1933 T-9 and V-9 production ceased
  • 1933 Four-cylinder engine version of the three and four-wheeled car was added to the range.
  • 1935 First Scout Series 2/3
  • 1936 to 1937 Scout Series 4
  • 1936 Three wheeled cars dropped
  • 1937 to 1938 Scout Series 5
  • 1938 to 1939 Scout Series 6
  • 1940 WWII stopped production of BSA cars
  • 1960 Jaguar Cars Ltd. acquired The Daimler Co. Ltd. and its subsidiaries from the BSA group.

Daimler (pronounced Dame-ler) has, since 1896, been the motor car marque of the British Daimler Motor Company, based in Coventry. ... For other uses, see Coventry (disambiguation). ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... For other uses, see Jaguar (disambiguation). ...

Military vehicles

  • BSA Scout armoured car.
  • "Type G Apparatus", Folding paratrooper bicycle, 32½ lb (15 kg) with parachute.

Military equipment

The Machine Gun, BESA was a British version of the Czechoslovak ZB 53 (Model 37) machine gun and used by the UK for tank armament in World War II. BSA signed an agreement with Zbrojovka Brno in 1936 which allowed them to make the 7. ... The Lee-Enfield was, in various marks and models, the British Armys standard bolt-action, magazine-fed, repeating rifle for over 60 years from (officially) 1895[2] until 1957[3], although it remained in British service well into the early 1960s and is still found in service in the... This article is about the submachine gun. ...

Air Rifles

The BSA CF2 Target rifle was a 7. ... // Description The BSA Meteor air rifle is one of the worlds best selling air powered weapons with over 2 million sold worldwide. ... The Birmingham Small Arms Company (BSA) was a British manufacturer of vehicles, firearms, and military equipment. ... The BSA Supersport is an air rifle produced by the Birmingham Small Arms Company. ...

Air Pistols

  • BSA Scorpion Air Pistol

See also

The following list of modern armament manufacturers presents major companies producing modern weapons and munitions. ... The Tribsa was a modified Cafe racer motorcycle of the 1960s-1970s, the name coming from a contraction of Triumph and BSA (the Birmingham Small Arms Company) - the two brands of motorcycle combined. ... Clews Competition Motorcycles or CCM for short, is a British motorcycle manufacturer based in Blackburn, England. ... This is a list of Birmingham Small Arms Company (BSA) motorcycles from first models to the end of the marque in the 1970s. ...

References

  • BSA Rocket 3 and Triumph Trident

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Birmingham Small Arms Company (BSA) was founded in 1861 by fourteen gunsmiths in Birmingham, England, to supply ... (443 words)
The Birmingham Small Arms Company (BSA) was founded in 1861 by fourteen gunsmiths in Birmingham, England, to supply arms to the British government during the Crimean War.
The company continued after the conflict but branched out into other fields; in the 1880s the company began to manufacture bicycles and in 1903 the company's first experimental motorcycle was constructed.
Their first prototype automobile was produced in 1907 and the next year the company sold 150 automobiles.
Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal (882 words)
Born in Oldbury near Birmingham, William Tranter was the eldest son of a flsmith.
Birmingham was for many years the centre of arms manufacture in England and in 1830, at the age of 14, Tranter was apprenticed to the gunsmithing firm of Hollis Bros & Company.
As a prominent member of the Birmingham small arms trade he was called as a witness before a parliamentary committee on small arms in 1854.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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