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Encyclopedia > Birmingham, Alabama
City of Birmingham
Official flag of City of Birmingham
Flag

Seal
Nickname: "The Magic City" or "Pittsburgh of the South"
Location in Jefferson County in the state of Alabama
Location in Jefferson County in the state of Alabama
Coordinates: 33°39′12″N 86°48′32″W / 33.65333, -86.80889
Country United States
State Alabama
Counties Jefferson, Shelby
Incorporated December 19, 1871
Government
 - Type Mayor - Council
 - Mayor Bernard Kincaid (Current) Larry Langford (Mayor-Elect)
Area
 - City 151.9 sq mi (393.5 km²)
 - Land 149.9 sq mi (388.3 km²)
 - Water 2.0 sq mi (5.3 km²)
Elevation 614 ft (140 m)
Population (2006)
 - City 229,424
 - Density 1,510/sq mi (583.03/km²)
 - Metro 1,100,019
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 205
FIPS code 01-07000
GNIS feature ID 0158174
Website: http://www.informationbirmingham.com/

Birmingham (pronounced /ˈbɝmɪŋhæm/) is the largest city in the U.S. state of Alabama and is the county seat of Jefferson County. The population of the city is 242,820 as of the 2000 census, but has declined to 229,424 according to the 2006 estimate.[1] The Birmingham-Hoover Metropolitan Area, as of the 2006 census estimates, has a population of 1,100,019. It is also the largest city in the Birmingham-Hoover-Cullman Combined Statistical Area, colloquially known as Greater Birmingham, which contains roughly one quarter of the population in Alabama. Download high resolution version (1200x494, 271 KB)Panorama of Birmingham, Alabama from Red Mountain (2002) Photograph by John Morse, November 2002. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Birmingham,_Alabama. ... § Drawing of the Flag of Birmingham, Alabama The HI!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!:)!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! :) ΏρǢ$72. ... Image File history File links Seal_of_Birmingham. ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Location in the state of Alabama Formed December 13, 1819 Seat Birmingham Area  - Total  - Water 2,911 km² (1,124 mi²) 29 km² (11 mi²) 1. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... This article is about the U.S. State. ... List of 67 counties in the U.S. state of Alabama: Autauga County Baldwin County Barbour County Bibb County Blount County Bullock County Butler County Calhoun County Chambers County Cherokee County Chilton County Choctaw County Clarke County Clay County Cleburne County Coffee County Colbert County Conecuh County Coosa County Covington... Location in the state of Alabama Formed December 13, 1819 Seat Birmingham Area  - Total  - Water 2,911 km² (1,124 mi²) 29 km² (11 mi²) 1. ... Shelby County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama and is named in honor of Isaac Shelby, Governor of Kentucky. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Bernard Kincaid (born June 5, 1945) is the Mayor of Birmingham, Alabama USA, elected in 1999. ... Former mayor of Fairfield, Alabama. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Area code 205 is a telephone numbering plan code covering central and western Alabama including the cities of Birmingham and Tuscaloosa. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... This article is about the U.S. State. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Location in the state of Alabama Formed December 13, 1819 Seat Birmingham Area  - Total  - Water 2,911 km² (1,124 mi²) 29 km² (11 mi²) 1. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Hoover is a city in Jefferson and Shelby counties in middle central Alabama. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas. ... Cullman is a city in Cullman County, Alabama, United States and is considered a part of Greater Birmingham. ... The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) defines micropolitan and metropolitan statistical areas. ... Birmingham-Hoover-Cullman Combined Statistical Area The Birmingham-Hoover-Cullman Combined Statistical Area sometimes known as Greater Birmingham, is made up of 8 counties in Central Alabama. ...


Birmingham was founded in 1871, just after the U.S. Civil War, as an industrial enterprise. It was named after Birmingham, the major industrial city of England. Through the middle of the 20th century, Birmingham was the primary industrial center of the Southern United States. The astonishing pace of Birmingham's growth through the turn of the century earned it the nicknames "The Magic City" and "The Pittsburgh of the South". Much like Pittsburgh in the north, Birmingham's major industries centered around iron and steel production. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... A large number of places in the U.S were named after places in England as a result of English settlers and explorers. ... This article is about the British city. ... Historic Southern United States. ... Pittsburgh redirects here. ...


Over the course of the 20th century, the city's economy diversified. Though the manufacturing industry maintains a strong presence in Birmingham, other industries such as banking, insurance, medicine, publishing, and biotechnology have risen in stature. Birmingham has been recognized as the top city for income growth in the United States with nearly a one-hundred percent increase in per capita income since 1990.[2] Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ...


Today, Birmingham ranks as one of the most important business centers in the Southeastern United States and is also one of the largest banking centers in the U.S. In addition, the Birmingham area serves as headquarters to one Fortune 500 company: Regions Financial. Five Fortune 1000 companies are headquartered in Birmingham. In recent years Birmingham has been named by various groups as one of the best U.S. cities in which to live and raise a family.[3] [4] The US Southeast is the eastern portion of the Southern United States, but the Census Bureau does not provide a standard definition of a Southeast region of the United States, and organizations that need to subdivide the US are free to define a Southeast region to fit their needs. ... The Fortune 500 is a ranking of the top 500 United States corporations as measured by gross revenue. ... Regions Financial Corporation NYSE: RF is a publicly held company based in Birmingham, Alabama. ... Fortune 1000 is a reference to a list maintained by the American business magazine Fortune. ...

Contents

History

Panorama of Birmingham, Alabama c.1916
Panorama of Birmingham, Alabama c.1916

Birmingham was founded on June 1, 1871 by real estate promoters who sold lots near the planned crossing of the Alabama & Chattanooga and South & North railroads. The first business at that crossroads was the trading post and country store Yeilding's, run by the still prominent Yeilding family. The site of the railroad crossing was notable for the nearby deposits of iron ore, coal, and limestone - the three principal raw materials used in making steel. Birmingham is the only place worldwide where significant amounts of all three minerals can be found in such close proximity. From the start the new city was planned as a great center of industry. The founders borrowed the name of Birmingham, England's principal industrial city, to advertise that point. Birmingham got off to a slow start: the city was impeded by an outbreak of cholera and a Wall Street crash in 1873. But soon afterward began to grow. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 190 pixelsFull resolution (3520 × 836 pixel, file size: 376 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Birmingham, Alabama c. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 190 pixelsFull resolution (3520 × 836 pixel, file size: 376 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Birmingham, Alabama c. ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... This heap of iron ore pellets will be used in steel production. ... Coal Example chemical structure of coal Coal (pronounced ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... For other uses, see Limestone (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Steel (disambiguation). ... This article is about the British city. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Cholera (or Asiatic cholera or epidemic cholera) is an extreme diarrheal disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. ... Elaborate marble facade of NYSE as seen from the intersection of Broad and Wall Streets For other uses, see Wall Street (disambiguation). ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


The turn of the century brought the substantial growth that gave Birmingham the nickname "The Magic City" as the downtown area developed from a low-rise commercial and residential district into a busy grid of neoclassical mid-rise and high-rise buildings and busy streetcar lines. Between 1902 and 1912 four large office buildings were constructed at the intersection of 20th Street, the central north-south spine of the city, and 1st Avenue North, which connected the warehouses and industrial facilities stretching along the east-west railroad corridor. This impressive group of early skyscrapers was nicknamed "The Heaviest Corner on Earth". The Heaviest Corner on Earth is a promotional name given to the corner of 20th Street and 1st Avenue North in Birmingham, Alabama, USA, in the early 20th century. ...


The Great Depression hit Birmingham especially hard as sources of capital that were fueling the city's growth rapidly dried up at the same time that farm laborers, driven off the land, made their way to the city in search of work. New Deal programs made important contributions to the city's infrastructure and artistic legacy, including such key improvements as Vulcan's tower and Oak Mountain State Park. For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... The Vulcan statue The Vulcan statue is the largest cast iron statue in the world and the symbol of Birmingham, Alabama. ... Oak Mountain State Park is Alabamas largest state park at nearly 10,000 acres (40 km²). It is located in Pelham, Alabama and is convenient (via a short drive on I-65) to Birmingham, Alabamas largest city. ...

16th Street Baptist Church
16th Street Baptist Church

The wartime demand for steel and the post-war building boom gave Birmingham a rapid return to prosperity. Manufacturing diversified beyond the production of raw materials and several major cultural institutions, such as the Birmingham Museum of Art, were able to expand their scope. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 526 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1052 pixel, file size: 604 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama, photographed September 2005 using a Canon Powershot S410 digital camera. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 526 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1052 pixel, file size: 604 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama, photographed September 2005 using a Canon Powershot S410 digital camera. ... The Birmingham Museum of Art is a large public art museum, located in downtown Birmingham, Alabama. ...


In the 1950s and '60s Birmingham received national and international attention as a center of the civil rights struggle for African-Americans. The city was given the derisive nickname Bombingham because of a string of racially motivated bombings that took place during this time. A watershed in the civil rights movement occurred in 1963 when Martin Luther King, Jr., imprisoned for having taken part in a nonviolent protest, wrote the now famous Letter from Birmingham Jail, a defining treatise in his cause against segregation. Birmingham is also known for a bombing which occurred later that year, in which four black girls were killed by a bomb planted at the 16th Street Baptist Church. The event would inspire the African-American poet Dudley Randall's opus, The Ballad of Birmingham, as well as jazz musician John Coltrane's song, "Alabama." The 1950s decade refers to the years 1950 to 1959 inclusive. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969. ... The civil rights movement in the United States has been a long, primarily nonviolent struggle to bring full civil rights and equality under the law to all citizens of United States. ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... Martin Luther King redirects here. ... Martin Luther King Jr The Letter from Birmingham Jail or Letter from Birmingham City Jail, commonly but incorrectly rendered Letter from a Birmingham Jail, was an open letter on April 16, 1963 written by Martin Luther King, Jr. ... The 16th Street Baptist Church bombing was a racially motivated terrorist incident at 16th Street Baptist Church, Birmingham, Alabama, in the United States. ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... Dudley Randall (1914 - 2000) was an African-American poet and poetry publisher from Detroit, Michigan. ... The Ballad of Birmingham is a poem written by African-American poet Dudley Randall (1914-2000). ... Coltrane redirects here. ...

Central Business District Skyline
Central Business District Skyline

In the 1970s urban renewal efforts focused around the development of the University of Alabama at Birmingham, which developed into a major medical and research center. In 1971 Birmingham celebrated its centennial with a round of public works improvements, including the upgrading of Vulcan Park. Birmingham's banking institutions enjoyed considerable growth as well and new skyscrapers started to appear in the city center for the first time since the 1920s. These projects helped the city's economy to diversify, but did not prevent the exodus of many of the city's residents to independent suburbs. In 1979 Birmingham elected Dr. Richard Arrington Jr. as its first African-American mayor. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ... The University of Alabama at Birmingham (also known as UAB) is a public, coeducational university located in Birmingham, Alabama, USA. The university is part of the three-member University of Alabama System, which includes the University of Alabamas main campus located in Tuscaloosa (UA) and the University of Alabama... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... The Vulcan statue The Vulcan statue is the largest cast iron statue in the world and the symbol of Birmingham, Alabama. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Richard Arrington Jr. ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ...


The population inside Birmingham's city limits has fallen over the past few decades. From 340,887 in 1960, the population was down to 242,820 in 2000, a loss of about 29 percent. However, the growth of Birmingham's suburbs over that same period has kept the metropolitan population growing.


Today, Birmingham has begun to experience a bit of a rebirth. Currently there are around a billion dollars being invested in reconstructing the downtown area into a 24-hour mixed-use district. The market for downtown lofts and condominiums has mushroomed while restaurant, retail and cultural options are beginning to sprout up. In 2006 the visitors bureau selected "the diverse city" as a new tag line for the city.[5]


Geography and climate

Geography

Birmingham is located at 33°31′29″N, 86°48′46″W (33.524755, -86.812740)GR1.

Birmingham occupies Jones Valley, flanked by long parallel mountain ridges (the tailing ends of the Appalachian foothills) running from north-east to south-west. The valley is drained by small creeks (Village Creek, Valley Creek) which flow into the Black Warrior River. More importantly, the valley was bisected by the principal railroad corridor, along which most of the early manufacturing operations began. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1215x1800, 680 KB) Summary Source: http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1215x1800, 680 KB) Summary Source: http://www. ... The Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge is a 3,414 acre National Wildlife Refuge located in central Alabama, along the Cahaba River downstream from Birmingham, Alabama. ... The Appalachian Mountains are a vast system of mountains in eastern North America. ... The Black Warrior River at Tuscaloosa, Alabama in 2004 The Black Warrior River is a tributary of the Tombigbee River, approximately 178 mi (286 km) long, in west central Alabama in the United States. ...


Red Mountain lies immediately south of downtown. Many of Birmingham's television and radio broadcast towers are lined up along this prominent ridge. The "Over the Mountain" area, including Shades Valley, Shades Mountain and beyond, was largely shielded from the industrial smoke and rough streets of the industrial city. This is the setting for Birmingham's more affluent suburbs of Mountain Brook, Vestavia Hills, Homewood, and Hoover. South of Shades Valley is the Cahaba River basin, one of the most diverse river ecosystems in America. Red Mountain is the place where Gary is always the Man. ... Location in Jefferson County in the state of Alabama Coordinates: Country United States State Alabama County Jefferson Mayor Terry Oden (R) Area    - City 31. ... Vestavia Hills is a city in Jefferson County, Alabama, a suburb of the city of Birmingham. ... Homewood is a city in Jefferson County, Alabama, United States. ... Hoover is a city in Jefferson and Shelby counties in middle central Alabama. ... The Cahaba River is the longest free-flowing river in Alabama and is among the most scenic and biologically diverse rivers in the United States. ...


Sand Mountain, a smaller ridge, flanks the city to the north and divides Jones Valley from much more rugged land to the north. The Louisville and Nashville Railroad (now CSX Transportation) enters the valley through Boyles Gap, a prominent gap in the long low ridge. Chartered by the state of Kentucky in 1850, the L&N, as it was generally known, grew into one of the great success stories of American business. ... CSX redirects here. ...


Ruffner Mountain, located due east of the heart of the city, is home to Ruffner Mountain Nature Center, one of the largest urban nature reserves in the United States. Ruffner Mountain is a 1,011-acre nature preserve located in the eastern portions of Birmingham, Alabama, near the neighboring suburb of Irondale. ...


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 393.5 km² (151.9 mi²). 388.3 km² (149.9 mi²) of it is land and 5.3 km² (2.0 mi²) of it (1.34%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Climate

Birmingham has a Humid subtropical climate, characterized by hot summers, mild to chilly winters, and abundant rainfall. January sees average daily high temperatures of 53.0 °F (11.7 °C) and lows of 31.8 °F (−0.1 °C). In July the average daily high is 90.6 °F (32.6 °C) and the low is 69.7 °F (20.9°C). The average annual temperature in Birmingham is 62 °F (17 °C). Snowfall averages only 0.5 inches (1 cm) but during the Great Blizzard of 1993, the city received over a foot (30CM) of snow. The average yearly rainfall in Birmingham is about 52 inches (1330 mm), with March being the wettest month and October the driest. The humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) is a climate zone characterized by hot, humid summers and chilly to mild winters. ... The 1993 North American storm complex, also known as the 93 Superstorm or the [Great] Blizzard of 1993, was a large cyclonic storm that occurred on March 12- 14, 1993 on the East Coast of North America. ...


The spring and fall months are pleasant but variable, but cold fronts frequently bring strong to severe thunderstorms and occasional tornadoes to the region. The fall season features less rainfall and fewer storms, as well as lower humidity than the spring, but it is also a secondary severe weather season. Birmingham is located on the heart of a tornado alley known as the Dixie Alley due to the frequency of tornadoes in Central Alabama. The Greater Birmingham area was hit by two F5 tornadoes - in 1977 and 1998 occurring on its western (1998) and northern suburbs (1977). In late summer and fall months, Birmingham experiences occasional tropical storms and hurricanes due to its proximity to the Central Gulf Coast. This article is about the weather phenomenon. ... An outline of Significant Tornado Alley in the United States, where the highest percentage of violent tornadoes occur Tornado Alley is a colloquial term most often used in reference to the area of the United States in which tornadoes are most frequent. ... Greater Birmingham is an informal term referring to a portion of the West Midlands metropolitan county. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about weather phenomena. ... This article is about weather phenomena. ...

Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Rec High °F 81 83 89 92 99 102 106 103 100 94 85 80
Norm High °F 53.2 58.6 68.5 74.1 82.6 87.8 90.8 90.7 87.9 74.9 65.5 57
Norm Low °F 31.8 34.6 42.4 48.4 57.6 65.4 69.7 69.4 64.6 51.9 42.6 34.8
Rec Low °F -6 3 2 26 35 42 51 51 37 27 5 1
Precip (in) 5.45 4.21 6.1 4.67 4.83 3.78 5.09 3.48 4.05 3.23 4.63 4.47
Source: USTravelWeather.com [1]

Government

Birmingham has a strong-mayor variant mayor-council form of government, led by a mayor and a nine-member city council. The current system replaced the previous city commission government in 1962 (primarily as a way to remove Commissioner of Public Safety Eugene "Bull" Connor from power). Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments in the United States. ... City Commission government is a form of municipal government that was once common in the United States, but has fallen out of favor, most cities formerly governed by Commission having switched to the Council-Manager form. ... Theophilus Eugene Bull Connor (July 11, 1897, Selma, Alabama – March 10, 1973) was a Democratic police official in the Southern U.S. state of Alabama during the American Civil Rights Movement, a member of the Ku Klux Klan, and a staunch advocate of racial segregation. ...


By Alabama law, an issue before a city council must be approved by a two-thirds majority vote (Act No. 452, Ala. Acts 1955, as supplemented by Act No. 294, Ala. Acts 1965.). Executive powers are held entirely by the mayor's office. The current mayor of Birmingham is Bernard Kincaid, who was voted into office in 1999. Kincaid was defeated for re-election on October 9, 2007 by Larry Langford, who will take office in November. Bernard Kincaid (born June 5, 1945) is the Mayor of Birmingham, Alabama USA, elected in 1999. ... Former mayor of Fairfield, Alabama. ...

See also: List of Mayors of Birmingham, Alabama
Current City Council Membership
District Representative Position
1 Joel Montgomery
2 Carol Duncan
3 Valerie A. Abbott
4 Maxine Parker
5 William A. Bell
6 Carole Smitherman President
7 Miriam Witherspoon President Pro-Tem
8 Steven Hoyt
9 Roderick Royal

In 1974 Birmingham established a structured network of neighborhood associations and community advisory committees to insure public participation in governmental issues that affect neighborhoods. Neighborhood associations are routinely consulted on matters related to zoning changes, liquor licenses, economic development, policing and other city services. Neighborhoods are also granted discretionary funds from the city's budget to use for capital improvements. Each neighborhood's officers meet with their peers to form Community Advisory Committees which are granted broader powers over city departments. The presidents of these committees, in turn, form the Citizen's Advisory Board, which meets regularly with the mayor, council, and department heads. Birmingham is divided into a total of 23 communities, and again into a total of 99 individual neighborhoods with individual neighborhood associations. This is a list of mayors of Birmingham, Alabama. ...

See also: List of Birmingham neighborhoods

For purposes of community development and citizen participation, the City of Birminghams nine Council districts are divided into a total of 23 communities, and again into a total of 99 individual neighborhoods with their own neighborhood associations. ...

Economy

From Birmingham's early days onward, the steel industry has always played a crucial role in the local economy. Though the steel industry doesn't maintain the same level of prominence it once held in Birmingham, steel production and processing continue to play a key role in the economy. Several of the nation's largest steelmakers including U.S. Steel, McWane, and Nucor, all have a major presence in Birmingham. In recent years, local steel companies have announced around $100-million in expansions and new plants in and around Birmingham. The United States Steel Corporation (NYSE: X) is an integrated steel producer with major production operations in the United States and Central Europe. ... McWane, Inc. ... Nucor Corporation (NYSE: NUE) is one of the largest steel producers in the United States, and the largest of the mini-mill operators (those using electric arc furnaces to melt scrap steel, as opposed to companies using traditional blast furnace technology). ...


In the 1970s and 1980s, Birmingham's economy was transformed with investments in bio-technology and medical research at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) and its adjacent hospital. The UAB Hospital is a Level I trauma center providing health care and breakthrough medical research. UAB is now the area's largest employer and the largest in Alabama with a workforce of about 20,000. Health care services provider HealthSouth is also headquartered in the city. The University of Alabama at Birmingham (also known as UAB) is a public, coeducational university located in Birmingham, Alabama, USA. The university is part of the three-member University of Alabama System, which includes the University of Alabamas main campus located in Tuscaloosa (UA) and the University of Alabama... UAB Hospital, also known as University Hospital, is a Level I trauma center hospital located in Birmingham, Alabama. ... Level I trauma center provides the highest level of Surgical care to trauma patients. ... HealthSouth Corporation NYSE: HLS, based in Birmingham, Alabama, is one of the nations largest healthcare services provider. ...


Birmingham is also a leading banking center, serving as home to two major banks: Regions Financial Corporation and Compass Bancshares. SouthTrust, another large bank headquartered in Birmingham, was acquired by Wachovia in 2004, which still maintains major operations in the city as one of the regional headquarters of Wachovia. In November 2006, Regions Financial merged with AmSouth Bancorporation which was also headquartered in Birmingham, forming the 8th Largest U. S. Bank (by total assets). Nearly a dozen smaller banks are also headquartered in the Magic City such as Superior Bank and New South Federal Savings Bank. Regions Financial Corporation NYSE: RF is a publicly held company based in Birmingham, Alabama, with the corporate headquarters at the Regions Center. ... Compass Bancshares, Inc. ... SouthTrust Corporation was a banking company headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama. ... For Moravian settlements in North Carolina, see Wachovia, North Carolina. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For Moravian settlements in North Carolina, see Wachovia, North Carolina. ... AmSouth Bancorporation NYSE: ASO is a publicly held company headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama, at the Amsouth Center. ... Superior Bank, the principal subsidiary of Superior Bancorp, is a southeastern community thrift with approximately $2. ...


Telecommunications provider AT&T, formerly BellSouth, has a major presence with several large offices in the metropolitan area. Major insurance providers, Protective Life and ProAssurance among others, both are headquartered in Birmingham and employ a large number of people in Greater Birmingham. This article is about the current AT&T. For the 1885-2005 company, see American Telephone & Telegraph. ... BellSouth Corporation was an American telecommunications holding company based in Atlanta, Georgia. ... Protective Life Corporation, headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama, is a Fortune 1000 holding company whose subsidiaries provide financial services through the production, distribution, and administration of insurance and investment products. ...


The city is also a powerhouse of construction and engineering companies. It started with Rust Engineering International and has grown to many other construction and engineering companies such as BE&K, Brasfield & Gorrie(largest in the state), BL Harbert International, and Dunn Construction, all of which are among the top engineering and construction companies in the world.


Metropolitan Birmingham has consistently been rated as one of America's best places to work and earn a living based on the area's competitive salary rates and relatively low living expenses. One 2006 study published at Salary.com determined that Birmingham was 2nd in the nation for building personal net worth based on local salary rates, living expenses, and unemployment rates.[6]


Another 2006 study by Bizjournals.com calculated Birmingham's "combined personal income" (the sum of all money earned by all residents of an area in a year) at $48.1 Billion.[7]

See also: List of corporations with a major presence in Birmingham, Alabama

Accenture Alabama Power Alagasco, an Energen Company Altec Industries American Cast Iron Pipe Company AmSouth Bancorporation - to merge with Regions Financial Corporation BL Harbert International - international construction company, part of Harbert Management Company BE&K - international construction and engineering company BellSouth - once headquartered in Birmingham, it still has its major...

Infrastructure

Education

The city of Birmingham is served by the Birmingham City Schools system. It is run by the Birmingham Board of Education with a current active enrollment of 30,500 in 67 schools: 11 high schools, 13 middle schools, 34 elementary schools, and 9 K-8 secondary schools. Birmingham City Schools is the public school district that serves the U.S. city of Birmingham, Alabama. ...


The Birmingham Public Library with 21 branches serves the entire community to provide education and entertainment for all ages.


The Greater-Birmingham metropolitan area is home to numerous independent primary school systems. The area's largest are the Jefferson County, Birmingham City, and Shelby County school systems. The Jefferson County School System is the second-largest public school system in the U.S. State of Alabama and serves most of Jefferson County, Alabama. ...


The Birmingham area is home to some of America's best schools. In 2005, the Jefferson County International Baccalaureate School in Irondale, an eastern suburb of Birmingham, was rated as the #1 high school in America by Newsweek, a national publication. The school remains among the nation's Top 5 high schools. Mountain Brook High School placed 250 on the list. Other local schools that have been rated among America's best in various publications include Vestavia Hills High School and the Alabama School of Fine Arts located downtown. The metro area also has two highly regarded prep schools: The Altamont School, located in Birmingham proper, and Indian Springs School in north Shelby County near Pelham. Irondale is the name of several places in the United States: Irondale, Alabama Irondale, Georgia Irondale, Missouri Irondale, Ohio also: Irondale Township, Minnesota In Canada, there is: the community of Irondale, Ontario the Irondale River in Ontario This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages... The Newsweek logo Newsweek is a weekly news magazine published in New York City and distributed throughout the United States and internationally. ... Mountain Brook High School Mountain Brook High School (MBHS) is a three-year public high school within the city of Mountain Brook, Alabama, a residential area of Birmingham, with approximately 20,600 residents. ... Vestavia Hills High School aerial photo Vestavia Hills High School (VHHS), founded in 1970, is a public high school in Vestavia Hills, Alabama, a suburb of Birmingham. ... The Alabama School of Fine Arts (ASFA) is a public, partially residential high school located in Birmingham, Alabama. ... The Altamont School, located in Birmingham, Alabama is a college preparatory day school with coeducational enrollment of grades 5 through 12. ... Indian Springs School is an independent 8th-12th grade boarding and day school at the base of Oak Mountain in Indian Springs Village, Shelby County, Alabama, USA, near the city of Birmingham. ...


Institutions of higher education

The University of Alabama at Birmingham (also known as UAB) is a public, coeducational university located in Birmingham, Alabama, USA. The university is part of the three-member University of Alabama System, which includes the University of Alabamas main campus located in Tuscaloosa (UA) and the University of Alabama... Birds-Eye View of the Campus Samford University is a private, coeducational, Baptist-affiliated university located in Homewood, Alabama, (a suburb of Birmingham). ... It has been suggested that Cumberland Law Schools Center for Biotechnology, Law and Ethics be merged into this article or section. ... BSC: Birmingham-Southern College is a 4-year, private liberal arts college in Birmingham, Alabama, USA. Founded in 1856, it is affiliated with the United Methodist Church. ... The University of Montevallo is a four-year public university located in Montevallo, Alabama. ... Miles College is a Historically Black College (HBCU) founded in 1905. ... Herzing College was one of the first post-secondary institutions founded to train students for the computer industry. ... Faulkner University Faulkner University is a private Christian university, located in Montgomery, Alabama, USA, and affiliated with the Church of Christ. ... ITT Technical Institute (often shortened to ITT Tech) is a private, for-profit, nationally accredited technical institute with over 85 campuses in over 30 states of the United States. ... Andrew Jackson University (AJU) is a private, accredited distance learning school in Birmingham, Alabama. ...

Planning

Before the first structure was built in Birmingham, the plan of the city was laid out over a total of 1,160 acres (4.7 km²) by the directors of the Elyton Land Co. The streets were numbered from west to east, leaving Twentieth Street to form the central spine of downtown, anchored on the north by Capital Park and stretching into the slopes of Red Mountain to the south. A "railroad reservation" was granted through the center of the city, running east to west and zoned solely for industrial uses. As the city grew, bridges and underpasses separated the streets from the railroad bed, lending this central reservation some of the impact of a river (without the pleasant associations of a waterfront). From the start, Birmingham's streets and avenues were unusually wide at 80 to 100 feet (24 to 30 m), purportedly to help evacuate unhealthy smoke. An acre is the name of a unit of area in a number of different systems, including Imperial units and United States customary units. ... Red Mountain is a long ridge running southwest-northeast and dividing Jones Valley from Shades Valley south of Birmingham, Alabama,United States. ...


In the early 20th century professional planners helped lay out many of the new industrial settlements and company towns in the Birmingham District, including Corey (now Fairfield) which was developed for the Tennessee Coal, Iron and Railroad Company (subsequently purchased by U. S. Steel). At the same time, a movement to consolidate several neighboring cities gained momentum. Although local referendums indicated mixed feelings about annexation, the Alabama legislature enacted an expansion of Birmingham's corporate limits that became effective on January 1, 1910. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... A company town is a town or city in which most or all real estate, buildings (both residential and commercial), utilities, hospitals, small businesses such as grocery stores and gas stations, and other necessities or luxuries of life within its borders are owned by a single company. ... Fairfield, founded in 1910 is a city located in Jefferson County, Alabama with a population of 12,381. ... The United States Steel Corporation (NYSE: X) is an integrated steel producer with major production operations in the United States and Central Europe. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


The Robert Jemison company developed many residential neighborhoods to the south and west of Birmingham which are still renowned for their aesthetic quality.


A 1924 plan for a system of parks, commissioned from the Olmsted Brothers is seeing renewed interest with several significant new parks and greenways under development. Birmingham officials have approved a City Center Master Plan developed by Urban Design Associates of Pittsburgh, which advocates strongly for more residential development in the downtown area and includes a major park over several blocks of the central railroad reservation to be called the Railroad Reservation Park. Along with Ruffner Mountain Park, and the proposed Red Mountain Park, Birmingham would rank first in the United States for public green space per resident. The Olmsted Brothers company was an extremely influential landscape design firm in the United States, formed in 1898 by step-brothers John Charles Olmsted (1852-1920) and Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. ... Pittsburgh redirects here. ... Ruffner Mountain is a 1,011-acre nature preserve located in the eastern portions of Birmingham, Alabama, near the neighboring suburb of Irondale. ... Red Mountain is a long ridge running southwest-northeast and dividing Jones Valley from Shades Valley south of Birmingham, Alabama,United States. ...


Notable buildings

Tallest buildings
Name Stories Height
Wachovia Tower 34 454 ft (138 m)
Regions-Harbert Plaza 32 437 ft (133 m)
AT&T City Center 30 390 ft (119 m)
Regions Center 30 390 ft (119 m)
City Federal Building 27 325 ft (99 m)
Leer Tower 20 287 ft (87 m)
John Hand Building 20 284 ft (87 m)
Daniel Building 20 283 ft (86 m)

The Regions Center (formerly the AmSouth Center, most often called the AmSouth-Sonat Tower, and originally the First National-Southern Natural Building) is a 119 meter (390 foot) tall, 30 story office tower located at northwest corner of 20th Street and 5th Avenue North in Birmingham, Alabama, USA. It serves...

Transportation

Birmingham has one of the most extensive networks of highways and roadways in the Southeast. The city is served by three Interstate Highways, Interstate 20, Interstate 65, and Interstate 59, as well as a southern beltway Interstate 459 and the Elton B. Stephens (Red Mountain) Expressway (U.S. Highway 31 & U.S. Highway 280). There have been some recent developments with the regional interstate system, including the construction of Corridor X (Future Interstate 22), and the planned future construction of a Northern Beltline corresponding to the existing Interstate 459. Birmingham is served by the Birmingham-Jefferson County Transit Authority through the Metro Area Express (MAX) bus system. Interstate Highways in the lower 48 states. ... “I-20” redirects here. ... Interstate 65 (abbreviated I-65) is an Interstate Highway in the United States. ... Interstate 59 (abbreviated I-59) is an interstate highway in the southern United States. ... Interstate 459 (abbreviated I-459) is the 3-digit spur of Interstate 59 that creates a southern beltway in southern Jefferson County, Alabama, south of Birmingham. ... US Highway 31 is a long north-south highway connecting northern Michigan to southern Alabama, with termini at Interstate 75 near Mackinaw City, Michigan, and U.S. Highway 90 and U.S. Highway 98 at Spanish Fort, Alabama. ... U.S. Highway 280 is a spur of U.S. Highway 80. ... Previously known as Corridor X (one of the Appalachian Regional Corridors), Interstate 22, when completed, will follow the U.S. Highway 78 corridor along a 176 mile (283 km) route from Memphis, Tennessee to Birmingham, Alabama. ...

Airplane departing from Birmingham International Airport

Birmingham is served by Birmingham International Airport (there is another airport of the same name in Birmingham, England) which serves more than 3 million passengers every year. With more than 160 flights daily, the Birmingham International Airport offers flights to 37 cities across the United States. Image File history File links Birmingham_Airport. ... Image File history File links Birmingham_Airport. ... Birmingham International Airport (IATA: BHM, ICAO: KBHM) is the major airport that serves Birmingham, Alabama and Central Alabama. ... Birmingham International Airport (IATA: BHM, ICAO: KBHM) is the major airport that serves Birmingham, Alabama and Central Alabama. ... Birmingham International Airport (IATA: BHX, ICAO: EGBB) is a major airport located 5. ... This article is about the British city. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...


Birmingham is served by two major freight railroads, Norfolk Southern and CSX Transportation, both of which have major classification yards in the metro area. Smaller regional railroads such as the Jefferson Western and Birmingham southern also serve Birmingham's freight customers. Amtrak's Crescent train connects Birmingham with the cities of New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, Charlotte, Atlanta and New Orleans. The Birmingham Amtrak Station is situated at 1819 Morris Avenue. The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... The Crescent is a passenger train operated by Amtrak in the eastern part of the United States. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... Baltimore redirects here. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Charlotte redirects here. ... Atlanta redirects here. ... NOLA redirects here. ... The Birmingham Amtrak Station, located in Birmingham, Alabama, is served by the passenger train. ...


Utilities

The water services for Birmingham and the intermediate urbanized area is served by the Birmingham Water Works Authority (BWWB). A public authority that was established in 1951, the BWWB serves all of Jefferson, northern Shelby, western St. Clair counties. The largest reservoir for BWWB is Lake Purdy, which is located on the Jefferson and Shelby County line, but has several other reservoirs including Bayview Lake in western Jefferson County. There are plans to pipeline water from Inland Lake in Blount County and Lake Logan Martin, but those plans are on hold indefinitely. Jefferson County Environmental Services serves the Birmingham metro area with sanitary sewer service. Sewer rates have increased in recent years after citizens concerned with pollution in area waterways filed a lawsuit that resulted in a federal consent decree to repair an aging sewer system. Because the estimated cost of the consent decree was approximately three times more than the original estimate, many blame the increased rates on corruption within the Jefferson County Environmental Services Department. One major reason for the higher cost was that Jefferson County had to buy the sewers from the many smaller municipalities in the area to insure that these sewers were being maintained in a fashion that would meet E.P.A. approval to avoid massive fines for failure to comply with the consent decree. This continues to be a controversial topic in the region.


Electric power is provided primarily by Southern Company-subsidiary, Alabama Power. However, some of the surrounding area such as Bessemer and Cullman are provided by TVA. Bessemer also operates its own water and sewer system[2]. Natural gas is provided by Alagasco, although some metro area cities operate their own natural gas services. The local telecommunications are provided by AT&T. Cable television service is provided by Bright House Networks within the cities of Birmingham and Irondale, and Charter Communications in the rest of metro area. Southern Company (NYSE: SO) is a US electricity corporation. ... Alabama Power is a company in the southern United States that provides electricity service to 1. ... Bessemer is an American city and suburb of Birmingham located in southwestern Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Cullman is a city in Cullman County, Alabama, United States and is considered a part of Greater Birmingham. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Bessemer is an American city and suburb of Birmingham located in southwestern Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Alabama Gas Corporation (Alagasco) is the largest natural gas utility in north and central Alabama that provides energy to 460,000 homes and businesses. ... This article is about the current AT&T. For the 1885-2005 company, see American Telephone & Telegraph. ... The Bright House Networks logo. ... Charter Communications NASDAQ: CHTR is an American company providing cable television, high-speed Internet, and telephone services to more than 5. ...


People and culture

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1880 3,086
1890 26,178 748.3%
1900 38,415 46.7%
1910 132,685 245.4%
1920 178,806 34.8%
1930 259,678 45.2%
1940 267,583 3.0%
1950 326,037 21.8%
1960 340,887 4.6%
1970 300,910 -11.7%
1980 284,413 -5.5%
1990 265,968 -6.5%
2000 242,820 -8.7%

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 242,820 people, 98,782 households, and 59,269 families residing in the city. The population density was 625.4/km² (1,619.7/mi²). There were 111,927 housing units at an average density of 288.3/km² (746.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 73.46% Black or African American, 24.07% White, 0.17% Native American, 0.80% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.62% from other races, and 0.83% from two or more races. 1.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 1880 US Census The United States Census of 1880 was the tenth United States Census. ... The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 1, 1890. ... 1900 US Census The Twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ... The Fourteenth United States Census was taken in 1920. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twentieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


There were 98,782 households out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.1% were married couples living together, 24.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.0% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 3.09. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city, the population is spread out, with 25.0% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 85.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.4 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $26,735, and the median income for a family was $31,851. Males had a median income of $28,184 versus $23,641 for females. The city's per capita income was $15,663. About 20.9% of families and 24.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.4% of those under age 18 and 18.5% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Surrounding cities and suburbs

Cities and suburbs are listed in order of population.

Hoover is a city in Jefferson and Shelby counties in middle central Alabama. ... Vestavia Hills is a city in Jefferson County, Alabama, a suburb of the city of Birmingham. ... Bessemer is an American city and suburb of Birmingham located in southwestern Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Alabaster is a city and southern suburb of Birmingham in Shelby County, Alabama, United States. ... Homewood is a city in Jefferson County, Alabama, United States. ... Location in Jefferson County in the state of Alabama Coordinates: Country United States State Alabama County Jefferson Mayor Terry Oden (R) Area    - City 31. ... Pelham is a city and suburb of Birmingham, Alabama in Shelby County, Alabama, United States. ... Trussville is a city located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Cullman is a city in Cullman County, Alabama, United States and is considered a part of Greater Birmingham. ... Hueytown is a city in Jefferson County, Alabama, United States. ... Center Point is a newly incorporated city and a former census-designated place located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Jasper is a city in Walker County, Alabama, United States. ... Gardendale is a city in Jefferson County, Alabama, United States, and a northern suburb of Birmingham, Alabama. ... Fairfield, founded in 1910 is a city located in Jefferson County, Alabama with a population of 12,381. ... Forestdale is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Leeds is a city located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Moody is a town located in St. ... Helena is a city located in Shelby County, Alabama. ... Pleasant Grove is a city located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Irondale is a city and suburb of Birmingham in Jefferson County, Alabama, United States. ... Pell City is a city located in St. ... Clanton is a city in Chilton County, Alabama, United States. ... Tarrant is a city located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Fultondale is a city in Jefferson County, Alabama and a northern suburb of Birmingham, Alabama. ...

Crime

In 2006, the Morgan Quitno press ranked Birmingham as the sixth most dangerous city of 371 surveyed. [3] Birmingham mayor Bernard Kincaid disputed the report's methodology, noting that the FBI cautions against using their uniform crime statistics to make comparisons between cities. Morgan Quitno Press is an independent research and publishing company based out of Lawrence, Kansas. ... Bernard Kincaid (born June 5, 1945) is the Mayor of Birmingham, Alabama USA, elected in 1999. ...


The Morgan Quitno methodology has been disputed by a number of cities as well because it looks only at crime within city boundaries rather than the metropolitan area as a whole. The City of Birmingham only makes up a little more than 20% of the entire metropolitan population. When taking into account crime throughout the metropolitan area, Birmingham is not even among the Top 25. [4] Morgan Quitno Press is an independent research and publishing company based out of Lawrence, Kansas. ...


The majority of Birmingham's violent crimes occur in outlying neighborhoods. The crime rate in the downtown city center is very low, comparing favorably to affluent suburbs.[8]


In 2006, Birmingham recorded 109 homicides, an increase from the 105 homicides in 2005. (Compare with the record of 141 in 1994 and the recent low of 64 in 2004).


Culture

Birmingham is the cultural and entertainment capital of Alabama with its numerous art galleries in the area and home to Birmingham Museum of Art, the largest art museum in the state. Birmingham is also home to the state's major ballet, opera, and symphony orchestra companies such the [Alabama Ballet], Alabama Symphony Orchestra, Birmingham Ballet, Birmingham Concert Chorale, Sidewalk Moving Picture Festival and Opera Birmingham. The Alabama Symphony Orchestra is a major orchestra based in Birmingham, Alabama. ...

Inside the Alabama Theatre in 1996 before its extensive renovation.
Inside the Alabama Theatre in 1996 before its extensive renovation.
  • The historic Alabama Theatre hosts film screenings, concerts and performances.
  • The Alys Stephens Center for the Performing Arts is home to Alabama Symphony Orchestra and Opera Birmingham as well as several series of concerts and lectures. It is located on the UAB campus in the Southside community.
  • The Birmingham Jefferson Convention Complex (BJCC), houses a theater, concert hall, exhibition halls, and a sports and concert arena. The BJCC is home to the Alabama Ballet and hosts major concert tours and sporting events. Adjacent to the BJCC is the Sheraton Birmingham, the largest hotel in the state.

Other entertainment venues in the area include: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x735, 234 KB) Summary Summary United States Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Historic American Buildings Survey Alabama Theatre, 1811 Third Avenue North, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL Survey No. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x735, 234 KB) Summary Summary United States Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Historic American Buildings Survey Alabama Theatre, 1811 Third Avenue North, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL Survey No. ... The Alabama Theatre was built in 1927 by Paramount Studios as an Alabama showcase for Paramount films. ... The Alys Robinson Stephens Performing Arts Center (ASC) is a state-of-the-art performing arts facility located on the campus of the University of Alabama at Birmingham. ... The University of Alabama at Birmingham (also known as UAB) is a public, coeducational university located in Birmingham, Alabama, USA. The university is part of the three-member University of Alabama System, which includes the University of Alabamas main campus located in Tuscaloosa (UA) and the University of Alabama... The Birmingham Jefferson Convention Complex (formerly Birmingham-Jefferson Civic Center) is a sports, convention and entertainment complex located in Birmingham, Alabama. ... The Sheraton Birmingham is Alabamas largest convention hotel, featuring 757 rooms adjacent to the Birmingham Jefferson Convention Complex (BJCC). ... // The Birmingham Public Library, one of the largest and most well-respected library systems in the southeastern United States, consists of 19 branches and a main or central library located in downtown Birmingham, Alabama. ... The Boutwell Memorial Auditorium is a 5,000-seat multi-purpose arena in Birmingham, Alabama, USA. It is home to the Birmingham Power basketball team and was built in 1924. ... Cellco Partnership, doing business as Verizon Wireless, owns and operates the second largest wireless telecommunications network in the United States, based on total wireless customers. ...

  • Fair Park Arena, on the west side of town, hosts sporting events, local concerts and community programs.
  • WorkPlay, located in Southside, is a multi-purpose facility with offices, audio and film production space, a lounge, and a theater and concert stage for visiting artists and film screenings.
  • Sidewalk Moving Picture Festival, a celebration of new independent cinema in downtown Birmingham, was named one of TIME magazines "Film Festivals for the Rest of Us" in their June 5, 2006 issue.
  • The Wright Center Concert Hall at Samford University is home to the Birmingham Ballet

Birmingham's nightlife is primarily clustered around Five Points South and Lakeview, but an additional $55-million entertainment district has been approved for an area adjacent to the BJCC. Birminghamtrends, Birmingham's Online Guide to the City's Nightlife. Birmingham also has a very popular local music scene that has made the city a breeding ground for some of the nation's best musicians. The Fair Park Arena is a 6,000-seat multi-purpose arena in Birmingham, Alabama, USA. It hosts locals sporting events and concerts. ... Sidewalk Moving Picture Festival is a film festival, founded in 1999 and occurring annually on the last weekend of September in Birmingham, Alabama. ... Birds-Eye View of the Campus Samford University is a private, coeducational, Baptist-affiliated university located in Homewood, Alabama, (a suburb of Birmingham). ... The Birmingham Jefferson Convention Complex (formerly Birmingham-Jefferson Civic Center) is a sports, convention and entertainment complex located in Birmingham, Alabama. ...


Birmingham has its own Orange Lodge. Birmingham "Sons of William" LOL 1003 was instituted as a Lodge in January 2004. The man behind the formation of this lodge was Rev Paul Zahl. The lodge has a close relationship with Maghera "Sons of William" LOL 209 from Northern Ireland. The members of the Birmingham Lodge have travelled to Northern Ireland to participate in the Annual "Twelfth" parade.


The Cultural Alliance of Greater Birmingham maintains activeculture.info, "a one-stop source for finding out what's going on where around" Birmingham.

See also: List of songs about Birmingham, Alabama

This is a list of songs written about the city of Birmingham, Alabama: Gene Autry, Birmingham Daddy Joan Baez, Birmingham Sunday Harry Belafonte and R. B. Greaves, Birmingham, Alabama Blackhawk, Postmarked Birmingham Duke Ellington, Birmingham Breakdown Erskine Hawkins, Tuxedo Junction John Lee Hooker & Charlie Daniels, Birmingham Blues Tracy Lawrence, Paint...

Attractions, events, and recreation

Museums

Birmingham is home to several museums. The largest is the Birmingham Museum of Art, which is also the largest municipal art museum in the Southeast. The area's history museums includes Birmingham Civil Rights Institute, which houses a detailed and emotionally-charged narrative exhibit putting Birmingham's history into the context of the U. S. Civil Rights Movement. It is located on Kelly Ingram Park adjacent to the 16th Street Baptist Church. The Birmingham Museum of Art is a large public art museum, located in downtown Birmingham, Alabama. ... Birmingham Civil Rights Institute is a large interpretive museum and research center that features the struggles of the American Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s. ... Prominent figures of the African-American Civil Rights Movement. ... Kelly Ingram Park is a four acre (16,000 m²) park located in Birmingham, Alabama. ... 16th Street Baptist Church in 2005 16th Street Baptist Church is a large, predominantly African American Baptist church in Birmingham in the U.S. state of Alabama. ...

Sloss Furnaces, Birmingham

Other history museums include the Southern Museum of Flight, Bessemer Hall of History, Sloss Furnaces National Historic Landmark, Alabama Museum of Health Sciences, and the Arlington Home. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (960x1280, 651 KB) Summary Sloss Furnaces, Birmingham, Alabama in November 2004. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (960x1280, 651 KB) Summary Sloss Furnaces, Birmingham, Alabama in November 2004. ... The Southern Museum of Flight is a museum that features a valuable collection of aviation artifacts spanning the 20th century in the various areas of aviation. ... Sloss Furnaces, Birmingham, in November 2004. ... The Alabama Museum of the Health Sciences was opened and dedicated in 1975. ... Arlington Antebellum Home Arlington Home & Gardens is an Antebellum house that features Greek Revival architecture dating from the 1840s. ...


The McWane Science Center is a regional science museum with hands-on science exhibits, temporary exhibitions, and an IMAX dome theater. The center also houses a major collection of fossil specimens for use by researchers. Other unique museums include the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame, the Barber Vintage Motorsports Museum, with the largest collection of motorcycles in the world, the Iron & Steel Museum of Alabama at Tannehill Ironworks Historical State Park near McCalla, the Alabama Sports Hall of Fame, and the Talladega Superspeedway International Motorsports Hall of Fame museum. The McWane Science Center is a science museum and research archive located in downton Birmingham, Alabama (USA). ... IMAX theatre at the Melbourne Museum complex, Australia BFI London IMAX by night LHemisferic (Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències) Valencia, Spain IMAX (short for Image Maximum) is a film format created by Canadas IMAX Corporation that has the capacity to display images of far greater... The Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame (AJHoF) was founded in 1978, and opened a museum on September 18, 1993, with a mission It is located in Birmingham, Alabama, USA. // This art-deco museum, housed in the historic Carver Theatre for the Performing Arts in downtown Birmingham, Alabama, honors great jazz... The Barber Motorsports Park is a large mult-faceted facility that features a 2. ... McCalla is an unincorporated city in Jefferson County, Alababma. ... Alabama Sports Hall of Fame (ASHOF) is a state museum dedicated to the celebration and preservation of Alabama’s sports heritage. ... Talladega Superspeedway is a motorsports complex located in Talladega, Alabama. ...


South of downtown on Red Mountain, Vulcan Park features the world's largest cast iron statue, depicting Vulcan at his forge. It was cast for the 1904 St. Louis Exposition, and erected at Vulcan Park in 1938. Red Mountain is a long ridge running southwest-northeast and dividing Jones Valley from Shades Valley south of Birmingham, Alabama,United States. ... The Vulcan statue The Vulcan statue is the largest cast iron statue in the world and the symbol of Birmingham, Alabama. ... Entrance to Creation Exhibit on the Pike Map of the St. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Festivals

Birmingham is home to numerous cultural festivals that features music, films, regional heritage. City Stages is a world-renowned music festival that occurs around Birmingham's Linn Park on Father's Day weekend. It offers 3 days of music from all genres on 11 stages. Sidewalk Moving Picture Festival brings filmmakers from all over the world to Birmingham to have their films viewed and judged. This festival usually occurs on the last weekend in September at eight venues around downtown, but is more concentrated around the Alabama Theatre. Another musical festival is the Taste of 4th Avenue Jazz Festival, which is presented at the end of September each year, concurrent with the Sidewalk Moving Picture festival. This one day (all day) festival features national and local jazz acts. In 2007, the festival drew an estimated 6,000 people. City Stages is a three-day, family-friendly, arts and music festival that takes place in downtown Birmingham, Alabama in and around Linn Park. ... Sidewalk Moving Picture Festival is a film festival, founded in 1999 and occurring annually on the last weekend of September in Birmingham, Alabama. ... The Alabama Theatre was built in 1927 by Paramount Studios as an Alabama showcase for Paramount films. ...

The Southern Heritage Festival is an event that began in the 1960s as a music, arts, and entertainment festival for the African-American community in Birmingham that targeted mostly younger demographics. Do Dah Day is an annual pet parade held around the end of May. The Schaeffer Eye Center Crawfish Boil, an annual music festival event held in May to benefit local charities, always includes an all-star cast of talent and typically draws more than 20,000 spectators for the two-day event. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 593 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (702 × 710 pixel, file size: 359 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Birmingham, Alabama Outsider Art User:Bridgman... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 593 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (702 × 710 pixel, file size: 359 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Birmingham, Alabama Outsider Art User:Bridgman... Southern Heritage Festival is a three-day music, arts, and culture festival dedicated to the African American population of Birmingham, Alabama. ... Camptown Races is an 1850 song by Stephen Foster. ...

Two detail images of Joe Minter's African Village in America, a half-acre visionary art environment near downtown. Scenes include African warriors watching their descendants’ struggles in Alabama, tributes to black scientists and military leaders, recreations of the epic civil rights confrontations in Alabama, and biblical scenes.
Two detail images of Joe Minter's African Village in America, a half-acre visionary art environment near downtown. Scenes include African warriors watching their descendants’ struggles in Alabama, tributes to black scientists and military leaders, recreations of the epic civil rights confrontations in Alabama, and biblical scenes.

Alabama Bound is an annual book and author fair that celebrates Alabama authors and publishers. Hosted by the Birmingham Public Library, it is a meeting place where fans may meet their favorite authors, buy their books, and hear them read from and talk about their work. Book signings follow each presentation. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 409 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1199 × 1756 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 409 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1199 × 1756 pixel, file size: 1. ... // The Birmingham Public Library, one of the largest and most well-respected library systems in the southeastern United States, consists of 19 branches and a main or central library located in downtown Birmingham, Alabama. ...

Other Attractions

Kelly Ingram Park, site of notable civil rights protests and adjacent to historic 16th Street Baptist Church. Oak Mountain State Park is about 10 miles South of Birmingham. It is one of the southernmost wrinkles in the Appalachian chain, and a scenic drive to the top provides views reminiscent of the Great Smoky Mountains further north. To the west of the city is located Tannehill Ironworks Historical State Park, a 1,500-acre Civil War site which includes the well-preserved ruins of the Tannehill Iron Furnaces and the John Wesley Hall Grist Mill. The Birmingham Botanical Gardens is a 67-acre (270,000 m²) park displaying a wide variety of plants in interpretive gardens, including formal rose gardens, tropical greenhouses, and a large Japanese Garden. The facility also includes a white-tablecloth restaurant, meeting rooms, and an extensive reference library. It is complimented by Hoover's 30-acre Aldridge Gardens, an ambitious project open since 2002. Still under development, Aldridge is currently more valuable to locals looking for a place to stroll than to tourists, but promises unique displays in coming years. The Birmingham Zoo is a large regional zoo with more than 700 animals and a recently-opened interactive children's zoo. Alabama Adventure Theme Park (formerly Visionland) is an amusement park with two independent sections: Splash Beach Water Park and Magic Adventure Theme Park,. The theme park has 25 different thrill rides including The Rampage wooden roller coaster and Zoomerang, a steel roller coaster purchased in 2004 from the Brisbane expo. (The park was renamed at the start of the 2006 season, and major expansion plans were announced at that time.) Kelly Ingram Park is a four acre (16,000 m²) park located in Birmingham, Alabama. ... The civil rights movement in the United States has been a long, primarily nonviolent struggle to bring full civil rights and equality under the law to all citizens of United States. ... The 16th Street Baptist Church bombing was a racially motivated terrorist incident at 16th Street Baptist Church, Birmingham, Alabama, in the United States. ... Oak Mountain State Park is Alabamas largest state park at nearly 10,000 acres (40 km²). It is located in Pelham, Alabama and is convenient (via a short drive on I-65) to Birmingham, Alabamas largest city. ... The Appalachian Mountains are a vast system of mountains in eastern North America. ... A rainy day in the Great Smoky Mountains, Western North Carolina Appalachian Mountain system The Great Smoky Mountains are a major mountain range in the southern part of the Appalachian Mountains, the second ridge line forming a north-south running mountain chain from the Eastern United States and bordering the... The Birmingham Botanical Gardens is a 67. ... Aldridge Gardens is a 30 acre botanical garden, prominantly featuring hydrangeas, located on the former Coxe Estate in Hoover, Alabama, U.S.A.. The gardens were started in 1977 by local nurseryman Eddie Aldridge, who along with his father, found and patented Hydrangea quercifolia Snowflake, a double-flowering form of... The Birmingham Zoo is a major zoological park founded in 1950 in Birmingham, Alabama. ... Alabama Adventure, formerly known as Visionland, is an Alabama theme park, located off Interstate 20/59 in Bessemer, west of Birmingham. ... Theme park redirects here. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Brisbane (disambiguation). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Sports

  • Birmingham was home to the Black Barons, a very successful Negro League team. The home of the Black Barons, Rickwood Field, is still standing in the Rising-West Princeton neighborhood, and is verified as being the oldest baseball field in America.
  • Though Birmingham has no major professional sport franchises presently, there is a very strong fan base for collegiate sports - primarily the University of Alabama and Auburn University football teams. The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB Blazers) has a popular basketball program and a young football program which is growing in popularity. Birmingham is home to the Birmingham Barons, the AA minor league affiliate of the Chicago White Sox that plays at Regions Park. The Regions Park is also home to the Southeastern Conference Baseball Tournament which drew more than 108,000 spectators in 2006. The city also hosts the Alabama Steeldogs of the Arena Football League 2 at the Birmingham Jefferson Convention Complex. There is also an amateur soccer association, known as La Liga. The Birmingham area also plays host to the Alabama Alliance aau basketball team.
  • The city is notable for having multiple pro football franchises with all of the football leagues folding or moving to a different part of the world. This included a two-time champion WFL franchise, the Birmingham Americans/Birmingham Vulcans—where the league folded. A USFL franchise, the Birmingham Stallions–once again the league folded. A WLAF franchise, the Birmingham Fire–the WLAF was renamed NFL Europa and the franchise became the Rhein Fire before the league folded altogether in 2007. A CFL franchise, the Birmingham Barracudas–the CFL decided to move all teams north of the border. An XFL franchise, the Birmingham Thunderbolts–another instance where the league has folded.
  • Birmingham's Legion Field has hosted several college football postseason bowl games, including the Dixie Bowl (1948-49), the Hall of Fame Classic (1977-85), the All-American Bowl (1986-90), the SEC Championship Game (1992-93), the SWAC Championship Game (1998-present), and, most recently, the Papajohns.com Bowl (2006-present).
  • In 1996 Legion Field hosted early rounds of Olympic soccer where it drew record crowds. The field has also hosted men's and women's World Cup qualifiers and friendlies. A recent switch from natural grass to an artificial surface has left the stadium's role as a soccer venue in doubt.
  • Motorsports are very popular in the Birmingham area and across the state, and the area is home to numerous annual motorsport races. the Aaron's 499 & UAW Ford 500 are NASCAR Nextel Cup races that occur in April and October at the Talladega Superspeedway, and bring a major boost to the area's economy. Superbike and Sports Car Grand Am races also take place in the area at the Barber Motorsports Park. The Mercedes Marathon is a marathon, half marathon, and kids 1 mile road race that takes place on the 1st or 2nd Sunday in February that was started in 2002.
  • Nearby Hoover is host to the Regions Charity Classic presented by Bruno's Supermarkets, a stop on the PGA Champions Tour senior golf tour, to be played starting in 2006 at the new Ross Bridge Golf Resort and Spa. This event was formerly known as the Bruno's Memorial Classic, played in nearby Hoover at the Greystone Golf & Country Club. Also in Hoover, retired racing greyhounds gather for the "Weekend Romp" sponsored by Birmingham Greyhounds, a nationally recognized greyhound adoption and enthusiast group.
  • Recreational fishing is also immensely popular in the Birmingham area. Few regions can offer the quality and quantity of fishing as found throughout this region of Alabama. In fact, fish have been caught in 14 separate Alabama lakes which would be state records in 35 other states. Recently, Birmingham was named "Bass Capital of the World" by ESPN and Bassmaster Magazine. Over the last several years, Birmingham has been home to numerous nationally renowned fishing tournaments such as the Bass Masters Classic. Some of the more popular recreational lakes around Birmingham include: Smith Lake, Lay Lake, Lake Neely Henry, Lake Logan Martin, Lake Purdy, and Bankhead Reservoir.
  • The US Paralympic Training Facility is located in Birmingham [5] and was a primary filming location for the 2005 documentary film Murderball, about wheelchair rugby players.
  • Road running events such as the Vulcan 10K Runand Mercedes Marathon/Half Marathon are popular for both locals and out-of-state runners.
  • Cycling (both mountain biking and road) is popular in the area. Nearby Oak Mountain State Park annually hosts the Bump N' Grind mountain bike (1995-present) race and the Xterra Southeast Championship triathlon as well as other endurance competitions.

Birmingham Black Barons Leagues Negro Southern League Negro National League Negro American League Significant Players Joe Bankhead Lyman Bostock Willie Mays Satchel Paige Ted Radcliffe Harry Salmon Sam Streeter Mules Suttles LorenzoPiperDavis The Birmingham Black Barons was a professional baseball team based out of Rickwood Field in Birmingham... The University of Alabama (also known as Alabama, UA or colloquially as Bama) is a public coeducational university located in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA. Founded in 1831, UA is the flagship school of the University of Alabama System. ... Auburn University (AU or Auburn) is a state university located in Auburn, Alabama, USA. With more than 24,100 students and 1,200 faculty, it is the second largest university in the state,[5] and according to U.S. News & World Report, has a selectivity rating of more selective. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... The University of Alabama at Birmingham (also known as UAB) is a public, coeducational university located in Birmingham, Alabama, USA. The university is part of the three-member University of Alabama System, which includes the University of Alabamas main campus located in Tuscaloosa (UA) and the University of Alabama... The UAB Blazers are the forest green and old gold-swathed athletic teams at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, generally known as UAB. The school is one of the twelve member institutions of Conference USA (C-USA) and participates in Division I of the NCAA. The schools football... This article is about the sport. ... League Southern League Division South Division Year founded 1885 Major League affiliation Chicago White Sox Home ballpark Regions Park Previous home ballparks Rickwood Field City Hoover, Alabama Current uniform colors black, white, silver Previous uniform colors Logo design The wordmark Barons in black outlined in white and silver with the... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 3, 4, 9, 11, 16, 19, 42, 72, Name Chicago White Sox (1904–present) Other nicknames The Sox, The South Siders, The ChiSox, The Pale Hose, The Good Guys, The Go-Go Sox, The... Regions Park, formerly known as Hoover Metropolitan Stadium, is a minor league baseball park located in the Birmingham, Alabama, USA, suburb of Hoover. ... The Southeastern Conference (SEC) is a college athletic conference headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama, which operates in the southeastern part of the United States. ... The Alabama Steeldogs, originally known as the Birmingham Steeldogs, were incorporated in 2000 as one of the charter teams in the af2, the developmental league of the Arena Football League. ... af2 (short for arenafootball2) is the name of the Arena Football Leagues minor league, which started play in 2000. ... The Birmingham Jefferson Convention Complex (formerly Birmingham-Jefferson Civic Center) is a sports, convention and entertainment complex located in Birmingham, Alabama. ... The World Football League was an American football league that played in 1974 and part of 1975. ... The Birmingham Americans were the most successful of the World Football League franchises. ... The Birmingham Americans were a professional football team based in Birmingham, Alabama in the World Football League, an attempt to start a new major professional football league in the United States in competition with the established National Football League. ... The United States Football League was a professional American football league that played three seasons between 1983 and 1985, in the process presenting the rival National Football League with its greatest competitor since the 1960s version of the American Football League. ... The Birmingham Stallions were a franchise in the United States Football League, an attempt to establish a second professional league of American football in the United States in competition with the National Football League. ... NFL Europe was originally founded in the spring of 1991 as the World League of American Football. ... Year Founded 1991 Year Retired 1992 City Birmingham, Alabama Team Colors Royal Blue, Red Franchise W-L-T Record Regular Season: 12-7-1 Postseason: 0-2 Championships World Bowls (0) The Birmingham Fire was a professional American football team that played in the World League of American Football in... NFL Europa is an American football league which operates in Europe. ... Year Founded 1995 Year Retired 2007 Home Field LTU Arena City Düsseldorf, Germany Team Colors Maroon, Black, Gold, White Head Coach Rick Lantz Championships World Bowls (2) World Bowl VI (1998) World Bowl VIII (2000) The Rhein Fire were a professional American football team in NFL Europa, formerly the... CFL redirects here. ... The Birmingham Barracudas were a Canadian football team that played the 1995 season in the Canadian Football League. ... ‹ The template below is being considered for deletion. ... The Only Season The Birmingham Thunderbolts were a short-lived springtime American football team based in Birmingham, Alabama. ... Legion Field is a large stadium in Birmingham, Alabama primarily designed to be used as a venue for American football, but is occasionally used for other large outdoor events. ... The Dixie Bowl was a post-season college football game held twice at Legion Field in Birmingham, Alabama, following the 1947 and 1948 seasons, after which it was discontinued. ... The All-American Bowl was an annual post-season college football game played at Legion Field in Birmingham, Alabama from 1977 to 1990. ... The All-American Bowl was an annual post-season college football game played at Legion Field in Birmingham, Alabama from 1977 to 1990. ... This article is about SEC championship football game. ... The Southwestern Athletic Conference (SWAC) is a college athletic conference made up of historically black universities in the southern United States. ... The Papajohns. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... Soccer redirects here. ... For the club competition, see FIFA Club World Cup. ... The FIFA Womens World Cup is recognized as the most important International competition in womens football and is played amongst womens national football teams of the member states of FIFA, the sports global governing body. ... The Aarons 499 is a NASCAR Nextel Cup stock car race held at Talladega Superspeedway in Talladega, Alabama. ... The UAW Ford 500 is a NASCAR Nextel Cup stock car race held at Talladega Superspeedway in Talladega, Alabama. ... Jeff Burton (99), Elliott Sadler (38), Ricky Rudd (21), Dale Jarrett (88), Sterling Marlin (40), Jimmie Johnson (48), and Casey Mears (41) practice for the 2004 Daytona 500 The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is the largest sanctioning body of motorsports in the United States. ... The NEXTEL Cup Series is NASCARs top racing series. ... Talladega Superspeedway is a motorsports complex located in Talladega, Alabama. ... Superbike racing is a category of motorcycle racing that employs modified production motorcycles. ... The Barber Motorsports Park is a large multi-purpose racing facility on a 740 acre (300 hectare) site in Birmingham, Alabama. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... The Regions Charity Classic, formerly known as the Brunos Memorial Classic, is an American golf tournament that is part of the PGA Champions Tour. ... Brunos Supermarkets is an American chain of grocery stores, founded in Birmingham, Alabama. ... The PGA Tour is an organization that operates the USAs main professional golf tours. ... The Champions Tour, a golf tour run by the PGA TOUR, hosts 30 events annually in the United States and Canada for golfers 50 and older. ... This article is about the sport. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Renaissance Ross Bridge Golf Resort and Spa is a 259-room resort, providing fine dining, an excellent golf course, and equipped with a 12,000 square foot full service spa. ... Hoover is a city in Jefferson and Shelby counties in middle central Alabama. ... Greystone Golf & Country Club is a private, 36-hole golf club located just outside Birmingham, Alabama, United States, in the suburb of Hoover, Alabama. ... ESPN, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American cable television network dedicated to broadcasting and producing sports-related programming 24 hours a day. ... Smith Lake may refer to: Smith Lake, a lake in Carver County, Minnesota Smith Lake, a lake in Murray County, Minnesota This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Neely Henry Lake is located on the Coosa River near Gadsden, Alabama. ... Lake Purdy is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located in Shelby County, Alabama. ... Silver 2004 The Paralympic Games are an official equivalent of the Olympics for athletes with physical disabilities. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt, in one fashion or another, to document reality. ... Murderball is a 2005 documentary about quadriplegics who play wheelchair rugby. ... Wheelchair rugby Wheelchair rugby is a team sport for athletes with a disability. ... Oak Mountain State Park is Alabamas largest state park at nearly 10,000 acres (40 km²). It is located in Pelham, Alabama and is convenient (via a short drive on I-65) to Birmingham, Alabamas largest city. ... The Xterra Triathlon is a form of triathlon, or three-sport race, which includes mountain biking and trail running. ...

Minor League teams

Club Sport Founded League Venue
Birmingham Barons Baseball 1885 Southern League: South Division Regions Park
Birmingham Magicians Basketball 2005 American Basketball Association: Blue Conference Fair Park Arena
Alabama Steeldogs Arena Football 2000 AF2 Birmingham-Jefferson Convention Center Arena

Other area sport facilities include: League Southern League Division South Division Year founded 1885 Major League affiliation Chicago White Sox Home ballpark Regions Park Previous home ballparks Rickwood Field City Hoover, Alabama Current uniform colors black, white, silver Previous uniform colors Logo design The wordmark Barons in black outlined in white and silver with the... This article is about the sport. ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Southern League is a minor league baseball league which operates in the Southern United States. ... Regions Park, formerly known as Hoover Metropolitan Stadium, is a minor league baseball park located in the Birmingham, Alabama, USA, suburb of Hoover. ... The Birmingham Magicians are a team in the American Basketball Association. ... This article is about the sport. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The American Basketball Association (ABA) is a mens basketball league founded in 1999. ... The Blue Conference is the Eastern Conference in the ABA. The league also has a Red Conference and a White Conference. ... The Fair Park Arena is a 6,000-seat multi-purpose arena in Birmingham, Alabama, USA. It hosts locals sporting events and concerts. ... The Alabama Steeldogs, originally known as the Birmingham Steeldogs, were incorporated in 2000 as one of the charter teams in the af2, the developmental league of the Arena Football League. ... Arena football is a sport invented by Jim Foster, a former executive of the United States Football League and the National Football League. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... af2 (short for arenafootball2) is the name of the Arena Football Leagues minor league, which started play in 2000. ... The Birmingham-Jefferson Convention Center Arena (originally the Birmingham-Jefferson Civic Center) is an indoor arena located in Birmingham, Alabama. ...

Legion Field is a large stadium in Birmingham, Alabama primarily designed to be used as a venue for American football, but is occasionally used for other large outdoor events. ... Rickwood Field, located in Birmingham, Alabama, is the oldest surviving professional baseball park in the United States. ... Pelham Civic Center is a 5,000-seat multi-purpose arena in Pelham, Alabama. ...

Media

Birmingham is served by the city magazine of the Chamber of Commerce, The Birmingham magazine.


Birmingham is served by one daily newspaper, The Birmingham News (circulation 150,346). The Birmingham News' Wednesday edition features six sub regional sections named East, Hoover, North, Shelby, South, and West that cover news stories from those areas. The Birmingham Post-Herald, the city's second daily, published its last issue in 2006. Other local publications include The North Jefferson News, The Leeds News, The Western Star (Bessemer) and The Hoover Gazette. The Birmingham News is a the daily newspaper for Birmingham, Alabama, and the largest newspaper in Alabama. ... The Birmingham Post-Herald is a newspaper in Birmingham, Alabama, published for over fifty years under that name, a history that ended on September 23, 2005 when the paper published its last edition. ... The Hoover Gazette is a weekly newspaper which serves the city of Hoover, Alabama. ...


Birmingham Weekly, Birmingham Free Press and Black & White (published biweekly) are Birmingham's free alternative publications. The Birmingham Times, a historic African-American newspaper, also is published weekly.


Birmingham is part of the Birmingham/Anniston/Tuscaloosa television market, which is the nation's 40th largest. The major television affiliates are WBRC 6 (FOX), WBIQ 10 (PBS), WVTM 13 (NBC), WTTO 21 (CW), WBMA 33/40 (ABC), WIAT 42 (CBS), WPXH 44 (ION), and WABM 68 (MyNetworkTV). WBRC, channel 6, Fox 6 is the Fox O&O Station in the Birmingham/Anniston/Tuscaloosa, Alabama television market. ... FOX redirects here. ... Alabama Public Television is a network of educational television stations serving the US state of Alabama. ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... WVTM-TV is the NBC affiliate station in the Birmingham-Anniston-Tuscaloosa, Alabama television market. ... This article is about the television network. ... The Sinclair Broadcast Group (SBG) is the operator of the largest number of local television stations in the United States, with a total of 62 stations across the country in 39 small and medium markets. ... “The CW” redirects here. ... WBMA-LP, channel 58, ABC33/40, is a low-power television station that licensed to Birmingham. ... This article is about the American broadcast network. ... WIAT is the CBS affiliate in the Birmingham/Tuscaloosa/Anniston, Alabama television market. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... WPXH is the i network affiliate of Birmingham/Anniston/Tuscaloosa market. ... ION Television is a broadcast and cable television network first broadcast on August 31, 1998 under the name PAX TV (early on in its development, it was called PaxNet). ... WABM, channel 68, called locally UPN68, is the UPN affiliate of the Birmingham/Anniston/Tuscaloosa television market. ... MyNetworkTV (sometimes written My Network TV, and unofficially abbreviated MyNet, MyTV, MNT, or MNTV) is a television network in the United States, owned by News Corporation. ...


Over 45 radio stations serve the Birmingham market, which is the nation's 56th largest radio market. Major broadcasting companies who own stations in the Birmingham market include Clear Channel, Cox Radio, Citadel Broadcasting, and Crawford Broadcasting. The Rick and Bubba show, which is syndicated to over 25 stations primarily in the Southeast, originates from Birmingham's WZZK-FM. The Paul Finebaum sports-talk show, also syndicated to a network of stations mainly in Alabama, originates from WJOX-FM. A clear channel, in the general sense, is a communications channel (such as a radio frequency) on which only one transmitter operates at a time. ... Cox Enterprises is the successor to the publishing company founded at Dayton, Ohio, by James Middleton Cox, who began with the Dayton Daily News. ... Citadel Broadcasting Corporation NYSE: CDL is a Las Vegas, Nevada based broadcast holding company. ... Rick Burgess (born October 3, 1964 Oxford,Alabama) and Bill Bubba Bussey (born March 27, 1964 Jacksonville,Alabama) are two syndicated comedic radio personalities and authors based in Birmingham, Alabama. ... WZZK is a country music FM radio station licensed to Birmingham that serves northern and central Alabama. ... Paul Finebaum is an American columnist, author, television and radio personality based in Birmingham, Alabama. ... WJOX-FM is an FM sports talk radio station licensed to Northport, Alabama, which serves Birmingham and central Alabama. ...


Birmingham is home to EWTN, the world's largest Catholic media outlet and largest religious network of any kind broadcasting to approximately 118 million homes world-wide. EWTN - or The Eternal Word Television Network - is a television and radio operation that broadcasts Catholic religious programming, via satellite and shortwave radio. ...


Visitors and tourists can watch City Vision TV to find out where to eat, shop, and sight see around the Magic City. City Vision TV is a new, but growing, local station available in most hotel rooms throughout Greater Birmingham.

See also List of television stations in Alabama
See also List of radio stations in Alabama

This is a list of broadcast television stations serving cities in the state of Alabama. ... A complete list of radio stations licensed to places in Alabama. ...

Other

Notable natives

--> // Roland Frye, scholar Carol Garrison, president of UAB John Beecher, activist poet Allen Barra, journalist, sports writer Steven Ford Brown, publisher, translator, writer Mark Childress, author Jon Coffelt, artist Clayton Colvin, artist Dennis Covington, journalist, writer Fannie Flagg, author, actress Frank Fleming, sculptor Charles Gaines, novelist, screenwriter Gail Godwin, novelist...

Sister cities

Birmingham's Sister Cities program is overseen by the Birmingham Sister Cities Commission

Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Hitachi (日立市; -shi) is a city located on the Pacific Ocean in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Zimbabwe. ... Gweru (formerly Gwelo) is a city near the centre of Zimbabwe at . ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... Székesfehérvár (German: Stuhlweißenburg, Latin: Alba Regia, colloquial Hungarian: Fehérvár, Croatian: Stolni Biograd) is a city in central Hungary, located around 65 km southwest of Budapest. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Location Map of Ukraine with Vinnytsia highlighted. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Anshan (Chinese: ; pinyin: Ä€nshān; lit. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... Pilsen redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jordan. ... Al Karak (also Karak or Kerak) (Arabic: الكرك) is a city in Jordan that contains a famous Crusader castle. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Rosh HaAyin, view to the west. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Maebashi (前橋市 Maebashi-shi) is the capital city of Gunma in Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Beijings Chaoyang district (Simplified Chinese: 朝阳区; Hanyu Pinyin: Cháoyáng Qū) is home to a good part of Beijings diplomatic quarters, with many embassies located in the area. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guatemala. ... The city of Cobán is the capital of the department of Alta Verapaz in Guatemala. ...

References

  1. ^ Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Alabama, Listed Alphabetically: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006 (CSV). 2007 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division (June 28, 2007). Retrieved on June 28, 2007.
  2. ^ Thomas, G. Scott. "Colorado metros set income pace for the U.S.", American City Business Journals, July 5, 2004. Retrieved on 2006-11-09. 
  3. ^ Birmingham, AL. America's Most Livable (February 24, 2005). Retrieved on November 9, 2006.
  4. ^ DeButts, Jimmy. "Birmingham named best place to raise family; state praised for economic efforts", Birmingham Business Journal, May 17, 2007. Retrieved on 2007-05-17. 
  5. ^ Dugan, Kelli M.. "Big ideas", Birmingham Business Journal, July 14, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-11-09. 
  6. ^ Malachowski, Dan. Salary.com's Salary Value Index. Salary.com. Retrieved on November 9, 2006.
  7. ^ "Birmingham is wealthy enough for pro sports team, study shows", Birmingham Business Journal, February 14, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-11-09. 
  8. ^ Taylor, Kelli Hewett. "Crime danger downtown like Mtn. Brook, officer says", June 2, 2006, pp. The Birmingham News. Retrieved on 2006-11-09. 

The comma-separated values (or CSV; also known as a comma-separated list or comma-separated variables) file format is a file type that stores tabular data. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

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  • Official Site for the City of Birmingham, Alabama
  • Greater Birmingham Convention & Visitors Bureau
  • Birmingham Regional Chamber of Commerce
  • BhamWiki: The Project to Document the Birmingham District
  • Birmingham travel guide from Wikitravel
  • BirminghamProSports.com: History of pro sports in Birmingham
  • History of Railroads and Industries in Birmingham
  • Birmingham media:
    • The Birmingham News - daily newspaper of record
    • The Birmingham Times - African-American community news
    • The Black and White - alternative news - biweekly
    • Birmingham Business Journal - business news weekly

Coordinates: 33.524755° N 86.81274° W Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
birmingham alabama information site for jobs real estate news autos and more! (165 words)
The metro Birmingham area consist of Jefferson, Shelby, St. Clair, Blount, and Walker counties.  local time Together the 5 counties have an estimated population of approximately 1,000,000.
Birmingham is Alabama's largest city.  It is also know as Bham and the Magic City.  The Magic City name is due to the magical growth in the early 20th century.  The amazing rise in population was because the steel mills in the area were booming and employment was plentiful.
HOME of Alabama, a non-profit organization devoted to helping people obtain the residential real estate they desire, can afford, and qualify for.  Their services are free in the Birmingham, Alabama area.
Birmingham, Alabama - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5296 words)
Birmingham (ˈbɝmɪŋˌhæm) is the largest city in the U.S. state of Alabama and is the county seat of Jefferson County.
Birmingham is located on the heart of a tornado alley known as the Dixie Alley due to the frequency of tornadoes in Central Alabama.
Birmingham is served by three Interstate Highways, Interstate 20, Interstate 65, and Interstate 59, as well as a southern beltway Interstate 459 and the Elton B. Stephens (Red Mountain) Expressway (U.S. Highway 31 and U.S. Highway 280).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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