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Encyclopedia > Birkenfeld (district)


Birkenfeld
Statistics
State: Rhineland-Palatinate
Capital: Birkenfeld
Area: 777 km²
Inhabitants: 90,200 (2001)
pop. density: 116 inh./km²
Car identification: BIR
Homepage: landkreis-birkenfeld.de (http://www.landkreis-birkenfeld.de/)
Map

Birkenfeld is a district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It is bounded by (from the south and clockwise) the districts Sankt Wendel (Saarland), Trier-Saarburg, Bernkastel-Wittlich, Rhein_Hunsrück, Bad Kreuznach and Kusel.

Contents

History

In history the Nahe River was a division line between two tiny principalities: Birkenfeld west of the Nahe, and Lichtenberg east of the river. The principality of Birkenfeld was annexed by Oldenburg in 1817; Lichtenberg became an exclave of Saxony-Coburg. The latter unit was bought by Prussia in 1834 and became the district of Sankt Wendel.


After the World War I the southern half of Sankt Wendel had to be ceded to the Saarland territory, and the small part remaining in Prussia was then officially called Restkreis Sankt Wendel ("remaining district of Sankt Wendel"). In 1937 the Oldenburgian district of Birkenfeld was merged with the remaining Sankt Wendel district to form the new Prussian district of Birkenfeld.


Following World War II 24 more villages were ceded to Saarland. It was not before 1970, that the district got its present borders.


Geography

The Nahe River runs through the district from south to north. The portions west of the river are located on the eastern slopes of the Hunsrück Mountains.


Coat of arms

Coat of arms

The chequered red and white pattern was part of the arms of Counts of Sponheim, a medieval county of the region. The lion is the symbol of the Counts of Veldenz.

Towns and municipalities

Towns Verbandsgemeinden
  1. Baumholder
  2. Birkenfeld
  3. Idar-Oberstein
  1. Baumholder
  2. Birkenfeld
  3. Herrstein
  4. Rhaunen



External links

  • Official website (http://www.landkreis-birkenfeld.de/) (German)


Rural and urban districts in the Rhineland_Palatinate

Ahrweiler | Altenkirchen | Alzey-Worms | Bad Dürkheim | Bad Kreuznach | Bernkastel-Wittlich | Birkenfeld | Bitburg_Prüm | Cochem-Zell | Daun | Donnersbergkreis | Frankenthal | Germersheim | Kaiserslautern (town) | Kaiserslautern (district) | Kusel | Koblenz Coblenz | Landau | Ludwigshafen | Mainz | Mainz-Bingen | Mayen_Koblenz | Neustadt (Weinstraße) | Neuwied | Pirmasens | Rhein-Hunsrück | Rhein-Lahn | Rhein-Pfalz-Kreis | Speyer Spires | Südliche Weinstraße | Südwestpfalz | Trier | Trier-Saarburg | Westerwaldkreis | Worms | Zweibrücken



edit  (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:Germany_districts_rhineland-palatinate&action=edit)



  Results from FactBites:
 
Birkenfeld Kries, Rhineland, Germany (639 words)
In 1937 it was merged with the Sankt Wendel District (east of the river Nahe and part of the Saarland) to form the new Prussian District of Birkenfeld.
Early Map of Birkenfeld (Courtesy of Deutsche Arbeitsgemeinschaft genealogischer Verbände e.V. Birkenfeld 1900 (Courtesy of de.wikipedia.org.de)
The Birkenfeld family books were created by Judi Jung and are available on CDROM at http://www.rolf-freytag.de/.
Birkenfeld (district) at AllExperts (304 words)
Birkenfeld is a district (Landkreis) in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
The principality of Birkenfeld was annexed by Oldenburg in 1817; Lichtenberg became an exclave of Saxe-Coburg.
In 1937 the Oldenburgian District of Birkenfeld was merged with the remaining Sankt Wendel District to form the new Prussian District of Birkenfeld.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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