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Encyclopedia > Birgit Nilsson
Birgit Nilsson
Birgit Nilsson

Birgit Nilsson (May 17, 1918December 25, 2005) was a Swedish dramatic soprano who specialized in operatic and symphonic works. Image File history File links Birgitnhat. ... Image File history File links Birgitnhat. ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the voice-type. ...

Contents

Overview

Birgit Nilsson (IPA pronunciation: [bɝ'giːt]) came from a rural background and had to work hard to gain acceptance in the world of music, but made so strong an imprint on a number of roles that her name came to be identified with a repertory, the "Nilsson repertory," and it was a broad one. She sang the operas of Richard Strauss and made a specialty of Puccini's "Turandot," but it was Wagner who served her career and whom she served as no other soprano since the days of Kirsten Flagstad, the Norwegian who owned the Wagner repertory at the Metropolitan Opera during the years before World War II. At her peak, Nilsson astounded audiences in live performance with the unforced power of her voice, which easily cut through the thickest orchestrations, and with her remarkable breath control, which allowed her to hold onto the highest note for seemingly endless amounts of time. Her interpretive powers grew as her career developed, and she became a moving artist as well as a vocal phenomenon. Among colleagues, she also became renowned for her playful sense of humor. Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... This article is about the German composer of tone-poems and operas. ... Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (December 22, 1858 – November 29, 1924) was an Italian composer whose operas, including La bohème, Tosca, and Madama Butterfly, are among the most frequently performed in the standard repertoire. ... Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as they were later called). ... Kirsten Flagstad Kirsten MÃ¥lfrid Flagstad (July 12, 1895 – December 7, 1962) was a Norwegian opera singer. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The human voice consists of sound made by a human using the vocal folds for talking, singing, laughing, crying and screaming. ... Orchestration is the study or practice of writing music for orchestra (or, more loosely, for any musical ensemble) or of adapting for orchestra music composed for another medium. ... Breathing transports oxygen into the body and carbon dioxide out of the body. ... In music a singer or vocalist is a type of musician who sings, i. ...


Biography

Early life

Birgit Nilsson was born as Birgit Märta Svensson (an only child) to Nils Peter and Justine (Paulsson) Svensson on a farm at Västra Karup in Skåne (100 km/60 miles north of Malmö). Like many other distinctive artists, Birgit Nilsson considered herself self-taught. "The best teacher is the stage", she told an interviewer in 1981. "You walk out onto it, and you have to learn to project." She deplored her early instruction and attributed her survival to native talent. "My first voice teacher almost killed me", she said. "The second was almost as bad." The Flag of SkÃ¥ne (also known as Scania in English) is the southernmost historical province (landskap) and County (Län) of Sweden. ... Motto: FrÃ¥n arbetarstad till kunskapsstad (eng: From industrial city to knowledge city) Location of Malmö in northern Europe Coordinates: , Country  Sweden Municipality Malmö Municipality County SkÃ¥ne County Province Scania (SkÃ¥ne) Charter 13th century Government  - Mayor Illmar Reepalu Area  - City 335. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ...


Her mother, evidently a talented singer, began Nilsson's musical education when she was three years old, by buying her a toy piano. She began picking out melodies on it. She once told an interviewer that she could sing before she could walk. "I even sang in my dreams", she added. Her vocal talent was officially first noticed when she began to sing in her church choir. A choirmaster near her home heard her sing and advised her to take voice lessons. A short grand piano, with the lid up. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


She studied with Ragnar Blennow, in Båstad, and in 1941, with Joseph Hislop and Arne Sunnegard at the Royal Academy of Music in Stockholm. BÃ¥stad Municipality is a municipality in southern Sweden, where the town BÃ¥stad is seat with a population of 4,700. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ...


Early career

Birgit Nilsson made her debut at the Royal Opera in Stockholm in 1946, with only three days' notice, replacing the scheduled Agathe in Carl Maria von Weber's Der Freischütz who was too ill to go on. The conductor, Leo Blech, wasn't very kind to her and - as she wrote in her autobiography - she even contemplated suicide after the performance. Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Carl Maria von Weber Carl Maria Friedrich Ernst, Freiherr von Weber (November 18, 1786 in Eutin, Holstein – June 5, 1826 in London, England) was a German composer, conductor, pianist and critic, one of the first significant composers of the Romantic school. ... Der Freischütz (English: The Freeshooter) is an opera in three acts by Carl Maria von Weber to a libretto by Friedrich Kind. ... Leo Blech (1871-1958) was a German opera composer and conductor who is perhaps most famous for his work at the Königliches Schauspielhaus (later the Staatsoper Unter den Linden) from 1906 to 1937, and later as the conductor of Berlins Städtische Oper from 1949 to 1958. ... For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ...


However, in 1947, she claimed national attention there as Verdi's Lady Macbeth under Fritz Busch. A wealth of parts followed, from Strauss, and Verdi to Wagner, Puccini and Tchaikovsky. In Stockholm she built up a steady repertoire of roles in the lyric-dramatic field, including Donna Anna, Aïda, Lisa, Tosca, Venus, Sieglinde, Senta and the Marschallin, one of her favourite roles (though she later lamented that nobody ever asked her to undertake it), all sung in Swedish. Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... “Verdi” redirects here. ... This article is about Shakespeares play. ... Fritz Busch (born 13 March 1890 in Siegen, died 14 September 1951 in London) was a German conductor. ... This article is about the German composer of tone-poems and operas. ... “Verdi” redirects here. ... Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as they were later called). ... Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (December 22, 1858 – November 29, 1924) was an Italian composer whose operas, including La bohème, Tosca, and Madama Butterfly, are among the most frequently performed in the standard repertoire. ... “Tchaikovsky” redirects here. ...


International engagements

Birgit Nilsson as Lady Macbeth in the opera by Verdi at the Royal Swedish Opera, Stockholm, 1947.
Birgit Nilsson as Lady Macbeth in the opera by Verdi at the Royal Swedish Opera, Stockholm, 1947.

Under Fritz Busch’s tutelage her career took wing. Indeed, he was instrumental in gaining her first important engagement outside Sweden — her first important international appearance was 1951, as Elettra in Mozart's Idomeneo at the Glyndebourne Festival. Her debut at the Vienna State Opera (where she would be a regular performer for more than 25 years) in 1953 proved a real turning point. It was followed by Elsa in Lohengrin at the Bayreuth Festival in 1954, then her first Brünnhilde in a complete Ring at the Bavarian State Opera, at the Munich Festival of 1954. After Elsa at Bayreuth, she returned as Sieglinde, Brünnhilde and Isolde until 1969, all to universal acclaim. Image File history File links Bnilssonlmacbeth. ... Image File history File links Bnilssonlmacbeth. ... VERDI is an acronym for the Italian unification movement, named after the composer Giuseppe Verdi (ardent supporter of the movement) VERDI stands for Vittorio Emmanuelle, Re D Italia (Victor Emmanuel, King of Italy) Categories: Historical stubs ... The Royal Swedish Opera, as seen from the southwest The Royal Swedish Opera, or Kungliga Operan, is the national stage for opera in Sweden. ... Fritz Busch (born 13 March 1890 in Siegen, died 14 September 1951 in London) was a German conductor. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (January 27, 1756 – December 5, 1791) was one of the most significant and influential of all composers of Western classical music. ... Idomeneo, re di Creta ossia Ilia e Idamante (Italian: Idomeneo, King of Crete, or, Ilia and Idamante; usually referred to simply as Idomeneo, K. 366) is an Italian opera by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. ... Glyndebourne is a country house near Lewes in East Sussex, England. ... Vienna State Opera (German: Wiener Staatsoper), located in Vienna, Austria, is one of the most important opera companies in Europe. ... January 7 - President Harry S. Truman announces the United States has developed a hydrogen bomb. ... Lohengrin is a romantic opera (or music drama) in three acts by Richard Wagner. ... Bayreuth Festspielhaus, as seen in 1882 The annual Bayreuth Festival in Bayreuth, Germany is devoted principally (but not exclusively) to performances of operas by the 19th century German composer Richard Wagner. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Munich, National Theatre The Bayerische Staatsoper or Bavarian State Opera is an opera company in Munich and is one of the leading opera companies in Germany and the world and has existed since 1653. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ...


She took the title role of Turandot, which is brief but in need of an unusually big sound, to La Scala in Milan in 1958, and then to the rest of Italy. Birgit Nilsson made her American debut as Isolde in Wagner's Tristan und Isolde in 1956 with the San Francisco Opera. She attained international stardom after a performance as Isolde in Wagner's Tristan und Isolde at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City in 1959, which made front page news. She says, though, that the single biggest event in her life was when she was asked to perform at the opening of the 370th(?) season at La Scala as Turandot in 1958. She became the first non-Italian other than Maria Callas ever granted the privilege of opening a season at La Scala. She has performed at many major opera houses in the world including Vienna, Berlin, the Royal Opera House at Covent Garden, Tokyo, Paris, Buenos Aires, Chicago, and Hamburg. The Teatro alla Scala in Milan, by night. ... Type Anti-tank Nationality Joint France/Germany Era Cold War, modern Launch platform Individual, Vehicle Target Vehicle, Fortification History Builder MBDA, Bharat Dynamics (under license) Date of design 70s Production period since 1972 Service duration since 1972 Operators 41 countries Variants MILAN 1, MILAN 2, MILAN 2T, MILAN 3, MILAN... Jan. ... Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as they were later called). ... Tristan und Isolde (Tristan and Isolde) is an opera in three acts by Richard Wagner to a German libretto by the composer, based largely on the romance by Gottfried von Straßburg. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The San Francisco War Memorial Opera House San Francisco Opera (SFO) is the second largest opera company in North America. ... Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as they were later called). ... Tristan und Isolde (Tristan and Isolde) is an opera in three acts by Richard Wagner to a German libretto by the composer, based largely on the romance by Gottfried von Straßburg. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, the lead section of this article may need to be expanded. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Teatro alla Scala in Milan, by night. ... Maria Callas in a casual moment, 1960s Maria Callas (Greek: Μαρία Κάλλας) (December 2, 1923 – September 16, 1977) was an American born, Greek dramatic coloratura soprano and perhaps the best-known opera singer of the post-World War II period. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... The Floral Hall of the Royal Opera House The Royal Opera House is a performing arts venue in London. ... Covent Garden is a district in London, located on the easternmost parts of the City of Westminster and the southwest corner of the London Borough of Camden. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of France. ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... This article is about the city in Germany. ...


From the '60s through to the '80s

Birgit Nilsson was widely known as the leading Wagnerian soprano of her time, the successor to the great Norwegian soprano Kirsten Flagstad, particularly in the role of Brünnhilde. However, she also sang many of the other famous soprano roles, among them Leonore, Aida, Turandot, Tosca, Elektra, and Salome. She had, according to The New York Times, a "voice of impeccable trueness and impregnable stamina". Her career was long and distinguished and continued into the 1980s, when she mostly sang Elektra and the Dyer’s Wife. This article is about the voice-type. ... Kirsten Flagstad Kirsten MÃ¥lfrid Flagstad (July 12, 1895 – December 7, 1962) was a Norwegian opera singer. ... Fidelio (Op. ... This article is about the opera. ... For the opera by Ferruccio Busoni, see Turandot (Busoni). ... For other uses, see Tosca (disambiguation). ... Elektra is a one-act opera by Richard Strauss, to a German-language libretto by Hugo von Hofmannsthal adapted from his drama of 1903—the first of many such collaborations between composer and librettist. ... This article is about the opera by Richard Strauss . ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... Endurance, or stamina, is the act of sustaining prolonged stressful effort. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Nilsson was suspicious of opera's recent youth culture and often remarked on the premature destruction of young voices brought on by overambitious career planning. "Directors and managers don't care about their futures", she once said. "They will just get another young person when this one goes bad." In today's opera culture, the best managed voices tend to mature in the singer's 40s and begin to deteriorate during the 50s. Yet at 66, when most singers hang onto whatever career remains through less taxing recitals with piano and discreet downward transpositions of key, Nilsson sang a New York concert performance of Strauss and Wagner that met both composers head-on. "Ms. Nilsson did not sound young," Will Crutchfield once wrote in The New York Times. "Soft and low notes were often precarious; sustained tones were not always steady." He continued: "The wonderful thing is that she doesn't let this bother her. There was never a sense of distress or worry."


The conductor Erich Leinsdorf thought that her longevity, like Flagstad's, had something to do with her Scandinavian heritage, remarking that Wagner required "thoughtful, patient and methodical people." Birgit Nilsson attributed her long career to no particular lifestyle or regimen. "I do nothing special," she once said. "I don't smoke. I drink a little wine and beer. I was born with the right set of parents." In sheer power, Birgit Nilsson's high notes were sometimes compared to those of the Broadway belter Ethel Merman. One high C rendered in a "Turandot" performance in the outdoor Arena di Verona in Italy led citizenry beyond the walls to think that a fire alarm had been set off. Once urged to follow Nilsson in the same role at the Metropolitan Opera, the eminent soprano Leonie Rysanek refused. A conductor conducting at a ceremony A conductors score and batons Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. ... Erich Leinsdorf (February 4, 1912 - September 11, 1993) was a conductor. ... For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... Ethel Merman (January 16, 1908 – February 15, 1984) was a Tony Award winning star of stage and film musicals, well known for her powerful voice and vocal range. ... Verona Arena in June 1996 Inside of Verona Arena with scenery for an opera performance, summer 1994 The Verona Arena (Arena di Verona) is a Roman amphitheatre in Verona, Italy, which is famous for the opera performances given there. ... Leonie Rysanek (November 14, 1926 – March 7, 1998) was an Austrian soprano. ...


Nilsson's humour

Birgit Nilsson was known for her one-liners. The secret to singing Isolde, she said, was "comfortable shoes." After a disagreement with the Australian soprano Joan Sutherland, Nilsson was asked if she thought Joan Sutherland's famous bouffant hairdo was real. She answered: "I don't know. I haven't pulled it yet." After the tenor Franco Corelli was said to have bitten her neck in an onstage quarrel over held notes, Nilsson cancelled performances complaining that she had rabies. A one-liner is a joke that is delivered in a single line. ... Dame Joan Sutherland OM, AC, DBE (born November 7, 1926) is an Australian dramatic coloratura soprano noted for her contribution to the bel canto revival of the 1950s and 1960s. ... Franco Corelli. ...


Birgit Nilsson was also famous for her good humour and ability to make money. She became one of the highest-paid singers in the field, in part because of the rarity of her skills. Being a shrewd businesswoman, she negotiated much of her own career. She never ranted or engaged in tantrums. She was also too proud to make outright demands. She would begin contract talks by refusing every offer and being evasive about her availability in general. This tack would continue until the impresario offered something she wanted. Nilsson's reply would be "maybe." Now in control, she would be begged to accept what she desired in the first place. A tantrum is an emotional outburst wherein higher brain functions are unable to stop the emotional expression of the lower (emotional and physical) brain functions. ...

Birgit Nilsson behind the stage at Gröna Lund, Stockholm, 1960s.
Birgit Nilsson behind the stage at Gröna Lund, Stockholm, 1960s.

Once, asked what was her favourite role, she answered: "Isolde made me famous. Turandot made me rich". An interesting anecdote is told that characterizes her relationship with Sir Rudolf Bing, the long-time director of the Metropolitan Opera. When Bing was asked if she was difficult, he reportedly said, "Not at all. You put enough money in, and a glorious voice comes out." When Nilsson was preparing her taxes and was asked if she had any dependents, she replied, "Yes, just one, Rudolph Bing." Another story is that once, when returning to Europe from New York, she sewed a number of dollar bills into the lining of her fur coat. Image File history File links Birgitn. ... Image File history File links Birgitn. ... An anecdote is a short tale narrating an interesting or amusing biographical incident. ... Sir Rudolph Bing Sir Rudolph Bing (January 9, 1902 – September 2, 1997) was an Austrian-born operatic impresario. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... This article is about the type of currency. ...


Nilsson and conductors

Nilsson was known for standing up to intensely wired conductors. An example took place in a rehearsal of Die Walküre in 1967 with Herbert von Karajan when, because of the gloomy light of the production, Nilsson decided to rehearse with a miner's helmet (complete with Valkerian wings) on her head. When Georg Solti, in "Tristan und Isolde," insisted on tempos too slow for Nilsson's taste, she made the first performance even slower, inducing a conductorial change of heart. Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Herbert von Karajan (April 5, 1908 – July 16, 1989) was an Austrian conductor. ... This article is about mineral extractions. ... Sir Georg Solti, KBE (pronounced IPA: ) (21 October 1912 – 5 September 1997) was a world-renowned Hungarian-British orchestral and operatic conductor. ... For other uses, see Tempo (disambiguation). ...


Despite her worldwide recognition, Nilsson said she was nervous before every major performance. "Before a premiere, on the way to the opera, I'd hope for just a small, small accident, it didn't need to be much, but just so I would not have to sing," she said in a 1977 interview on Swedish TV. Nilsson often spoke of her limits. She said her voice was not a good fit with what she described as the softer textures and refined tones of Italian operas. But she sang those roles anyway.


Recordings

All of her major roles were recorded. Partly because Birgit Nilsson was on the scene to play Brünnhilde, Decca Records undertook the audacious and mammothly expensive project of making the first studio recording of Wagner's four-opera Ring cycle cycle, conducted by Solti and produced by John Culshaw. The effort took seven years, from 1958 to 1965. A film of the proceedings made her a familiar image for arts-conscious television viewers. It has been suggested that Decca Music Group be merged into this article or section. ... Der Ring des Nibelungen, (The Ring of the Nibelung), is a cycle of four epic music dramas by the German composer Richard Wagner. ... John Culshaw (born Southport 28 May 1924, died London 27 April 1980), was a pioneering classical record producer for Decca. ... Jan. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ...


Absence from New York and Salzburg

Though a frequent visitor to the Metropolitan Opera, Birgit Nilsson did not always see eye to eye with its redoubtable general manager, Rudolf Bing, nor with the conductor Herbert von Karajan. This resulted both in her making fewer New York appearances than hoped in the early 1970s and her virtual exclusion from the Salzburg Festival. Birgit Nilsson's American career was derailed in the mid-70's by a squabble with the US Internal Revenue Service, which had filed claims for back taxes. Several years later, cooler heads intervened: a schedule of payments was worked out, and Nilsson's ill-tempered hiatus from the United States ended. When she returned, Donal Henahan wrote in the New York Times, "The famous shining trumpet of a voice is still far from sounding like a cornet." The Salzburg Festival (Salzburger Festspiele) is a prominent festival of music and drama. ... Seal of the Internal Revenue Service Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Part of the Taxation series        IRS redirects here. ... “Taxes” redirects here. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Trumpeter redirects here. ... Bâ™­ cornet The cornet is a brass instrument very similar to the trumpet, distinguished by its conical bore, compact shape, and mellower tone quality. ...


Birgit Nilsson appeared at the Metropolitan Opera 223 times in 16 roles. She sang two complete "Ring" cycles in the 1961-62 season, and another in 1974-75. She was Isolde 33 times, and Turandot 52. She played most of the other big soprano parts: Aida, Tosca, the Dyer's Wife in Strauss's Die Frau ohne Schatten, Salome, Elektra, as Verdi's Lady Macbeth, Leonore in Beethoven's Fidelio, and both Venus and Elisabeth in Wagner's Tannhäuser. She memorably appeared as replacement Sieglinde to Rita Hunter's Brünnhilde in the 1970s. She appeared 232 times at the Vienna State Opera from 1954-82, and the Vienna Philharmonic, the company's orchestra, made her an honorary member in 1999. "If there ever was someone that one can call a real star today and a world-famous opera singer during her time then that was Frau Nilsson," said Ioan Holender, director of the Vienna State Opera. Die Frau ohne Schatten (The Woman without a Shadow) is an opera in three acts by Richard Strauss with a libretto by his long-time collaborator, the poet Hugo von Hofmannsthal. ... Coin of Salome (daughter of Herodias), queen of Chalcis and Armenia Minor. ... Elektra is a one-act opera by Richard Strauss, to a German-language libretto by Hugo von Hofmannsthal adapted from his drama of 1903—the first of many such collaborations between composer and librettist. ... Lady Macbeth was the title of Queen Gruoch of Scotland (queen consort to King Macbeth of Scotland) before her husband ascended to the throne of Scotland. ... Fidelio (Op. ... In the Venusberg by John Collier, 1901: a gilded setting that is distinctly Italian quattrocento. ... Rita Hunter (August 15, 1933 – April 29, 2001) was a British operatic dramatic soprano, She was born in Wallasey, Cheshire. ... Vienna State Opera (German: Wiener Staatsoper), located in Vienna, Austria, is one of the most important opera companies in Europe. ... The Vienna Philharmonic (in German: Wiener Philharmoniker) is an orchestra in Austria, regularly considered as one of the finest in the world. ... This article is about the year. ... Ioan Holender (b. ...


Later life

Her autobiography, Mina minnesbilder (My memoirs in pictures) was published in Stockholm in 1977. Birgit Nilsson retired from the stage in 1984, to her childhood home in the Skåne province of southern Sweden. Here her father had been a sixth-generation farmer, and here she had worked to grow beets and potatoes until she was 23. In an interview in the mid-1990s, she appeared happy, serene and as unpretentious as ever. "I've always tried to remember what my mother used to tell me," she said. "Stay close to the earth. Then when you fall down, it won't hurt so much." Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... This article is about the year. ... The Flag of SkÃ¥ne (also known as Scania in English) is the southernmost historical province (landskap) and County (Län) of Sweden. ... Binomial name Carolus Linnaeus Beta vulgaris, commonly known as beet is a flowering plant species in the family Chenopodiaceae. ... For other uses, see Potato (disambiguation). ...


In 1981, Sweden issued a postage stamp showing Birgit Nilsson as Turandot. She has also received the Illis Quorum gold medal, today the highest award that can be conferred upon an individual Swedish citizen by the Government of Sweden. In 1988, the American Scandinavian Foundation named their prize for promising young American opera singers the Birgit Nilsson Prize. Nilsson personally chaired several of the competitions. Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... A selection of Hong Kong postage stamps A postage stamp is evidence of pre-paying a fee for postal services. ... For the opera by Ferruccio Busoni, see Turandot (Busoni). ... Illis Quorum (Illis Quorum Meruere Labores) [For Those Whose Labors Have Deserved It], today the highest award that can be conferred upon an individual Swedish citizen by the Government of Sweden. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ...


Birgit Nilsson died aged 87, in her home at Bjärlöv, a small village near Kristianstad in Skåne in the same county where she was born on Christmas Day, 2005. She was survived by her husband Bertil Niklasson (who passed away in March 2007), once a veterinary student whom she had met on a train and married in 1948. They had no children. Kristianstad is a municipality and city in Scania in southernmost Sweden. ... The Flag of SkÃ¥ne (also known as Scania in English) is the southernmost historical province (landskap) and County (Län) of Sweden. ... Joseph and Mary with baby Jesus, at the first Christmas Christmas (literally, the Mass of Christ) is a holiday in the Christian calendar, usually observed on December 25, which celebrates the birth of Jesus. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Awards

The Léonie Sonning Music Prize, or Sonning Award, which is recognized as Denmarks highest musical honor, is given annually to an international musician. ...

Trivia

As Oren Brown says in his vocal technique book, although not expected from a wagnerian singer, Birgit Nilsson would warm up her voice by singing the Queen of the Night's arias from Mozart's Die Zauberflöte. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (January 27, 1756 – December 5, 1791) was one of the most significant and influential of all composers of Western classical music. ... Die Zauberflöte (en: The Magic Flute) is an opera in two acts composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart to a German libretto by Emanuel Schikaneder. ...


References

  • Nilsson, Birgit, My Memoirs in Pictures, translated from the Swedish by Thomas Teal, Garden City: Doubleday, 1981. ISBN 0-385-14835-6.
  • Nilsson, Birgit, Mina minnesbilder, Stockholm: Bonnier, 1977. ISBN 91-0-042069-7
  • Nilsson, Birgit, La Nilsson, Stockholm: Fischer, 1995. ISBN 91-7054-756-4.
  • "Birgit Nilsson, Soprano Legend Who Tamed Wagner" by Bernard Holland, New York Times (January 12, 2006)
  • "Så höll han allt hemligt", (why Nilsson's death was kept a secret for 16 days) by Pelle Tagesson, Aftonbladet (January 13, 2006)
  • Blum, David, "The Farm Girl and the Stones", chapter 5 in David Blum, Quintet, Five Journeys toward Musical Fulfillment (Cornell University Press, 1999).
  • Brown, Oren L., Discover Your Voice: How to Develop Healthy Voice Habits, ISBN-10: 156593704X

External links

Audio

TV appearances

Interviews & articles

is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Other

  • Wagner Operas
  • Decca Clasics - Birgit Nilsson
  • The Birgit Nilsson Prize

  Results from FactBites:
 
Birgit Nilsson - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (375 words)
Birgit Nilsson (Marta Birgit Svensson) (born May 17, 1918, died January 1, 2006) was a Swedish soprano who specialized in operatic and symphonic works.
In 1959 Nilsson gained North American prominence as Isolde in Wagner's Tristan und Isolde at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City.
All of her major roles have been recorded.She married Bertil Niklasson, a veterinary student she had met on a train, in 1948.
BIRGIT NILSSON (523 words)
Birgit Nilsson, soprano/Philharmonia Orch/Heinz Wallberg and Leopold Ludwig, cond.
Birgit Nilsson, soprano; Hans Hotter, baritone/Philharmonia Orch/Leopold Ludwig, cond.
Nilsson is imperious in the two Weber arias, appropriate for the former, not quite so for the latter in which she hardly sounds like a gentle, innocent young girl.
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