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Encyclopedia > Bird hybrid

A bird hybrid is basically a bird that has two different species as parents. The resulting bird can present with any combination of characters from the parent species, from totally identical to completely different. Usually, the bird hybrid shows intermediate characteristics between the two species. A “successful” hybrid is one demonstrated to produce fertile offspring. Orders Many - see section below. ... In biology, a species is the basic unit of biodiversity. ... In biology, hybrid has three meanings. ...

Contents


Recognition

The description of bird hybrids results from observations in nature combined with those obtained in captivity such as in zoos per example.


There are no field guides that illustrates bird hybrids. The photographs, illustrations and descriptions can be found in the literature or on websites. There is, depending on the literature, anywhere between 9,900 and 10,000 bird species throughout the world.


Examples of Hybrids

  • Hybrid gull, including Glaucous Gull x Herring Gull and Lesser Black-backed Gull x Yellow-legged Gull, See Hybridisation in Gulls

Genera Pagophila Larus Rissa Creagus Xema Rhodostethia Gulls are seabirds in the family Laridae. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Binomial name Larus argentatus Pontoppidan, 1763 The Herring Gull, Larus argentatus, is a large gull which breeds across North America, Europe and Asia. ... Binomial name Larus fuscus Linnaeus, 1758 The Lesser Black-backed Gull, Larus fuscus is a large gull which breeds on the Atlantic coasts of Europe. ... Binomial name Larus cachinnans Pallas, 1811 The Yellow-legged Gull, Larus cachinnans, is a large gull. ... Subfamilies Dendrocygninae Oxyurinae Anatinae Merginae For other uses, see Duck (disambiguation). ... Species See text. ... Binomial name Aythya fuligula (Linnaeus, 1758) The Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula) is a medium-sized diving duck with a population close to one million birds. ... Binomial name Aythya marila (Linnaeus, 1761) The Greater Scaup (Aythya marila), or just Scaup in Europe, is a small diving duck. ... Binomial name Aythya ferina (Linnaeus, 1758) The Pochard (Aythya ferina) is a medium-sized diving duck. ... Binomial name Aythya nyroca (Güldenstädt, 1770) The Ferruginous Duck (Aythya nyroca) is a medium-sized diving duck. ... Binomial name Aythya collaris (Donovan, 1809) The Ring-necked Duck (Aythya collaris) is a smaller diving duck. ... Subfamilies Dendrocygninae Oxyurinae Anatinae Merginae For other uses, see Duck (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Anas acuta Linnaeus, 1758 The Pintail or Northern Pintail (Anas acuta) is a common and widespread duck which breeds in the northern areas of Europe and Asia and across most of Canada, Alaska and the mid-western United States. ... Binomial name Anas platyrhynchos Linnaeus, 1758 Subspecies (Common Mallard) (Greenland Mallard) (Mexican Duck) The Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos (litt: flat billed duck[1])), also known in North America as the Wild Duck, is a common and widespread dabbling duck which breeds throughout the temperate and sub-tropical areas of North America... Binomial name Oxyura jamaicensis (Gmelin, 1789) Subspecies (North American Ruddy Duck) (Colombian Ruddy Duck) (Andean Ruddy Duck) The Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis) is a small stiff-tailed duck. ... Binomial name Oxyura leucocephala (Scopoli, 1769) The White-headed Duck (Oxyura leucocephala) is a small stiff-tailed duck. ... Binomial name Tadorna ferruginea (Pallas, 1764) The Ruddy Shelduck (Tadorna ferruginea) is a member of the duck, goose and swan family Anatidae. ... Species Tadorna ferruginea Tadorna cana Tadorna tadornoides Tadorna variegata Tadorna cristata Tadorna tadorna Tadorna radjah The Shelducks, genus Tadorna, are a group of large birds in the Tadorninae subfamily of the Anatidae, the biological family that includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl such as the geese and swans. ... Binomial name Dendrocygna viduata Linnaeus, 1766 The White-faced Whistling Duck, Dendrocygna viduata, is a whistling duck which breeds in sub-Saharan Africa and much of South America. ... Binomial name Dendrocygna eytoni (Eyton, 1838) The Plumed Whistling Duck, Dendrocygna eytoni, is a whistling duck which breeds in northern and eastern Australia. ... Binomial name Anas formosa Georgi, 1775 The Baikal Teal (Anas formosa) is a dabbling duck which breeds within the forest zone of eastern Siberia from the Yenisey basin eastwards to Kamchatka. ... Binomial name Anas acuta Linnaeus, 1758 The Pintail or Northern Pintail (Anas acuta) is a common and widespread duck which breeds in the northern areas of Europe and Asia and across most of Canada, Alaska and the mid-western United States. ... Binomial name Lophodytes cucullatus (Linnaeus, 1758) Synonyms Mergus cucullatus The Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus) is a small sea duck, and is the only member of the genus Lophodytes (Reichenbach, 1853). ... Binomial name Mergellus albellus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Smew (Mergellus albellus) is a small duck which is intermediate between the mergansers and the goldeneyes, and has interbred with the Common Goldeneye. ... Binomial name Anas penelope Linnaeus, 1758 The Wigeon or Eurasian Wigeon (Anas penelope) is a common and widespread duck which breeds in the northernmost areas of Europe and Asia. ... Binomial name Anas americana (Gmelin, 1789) The American Wigeon or Baldpate (Anas americana) is a common and widespread duck which breeds in the northernmost areas of North America. ... Binomial name Anas platyrhynchos Linnaeus, 1758 Subspecies (Common Mallard) (Greenland Mallard) (Mexican Duck) The Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos (litt: flat billed duck[1])), also known in North America as the Wild Duck, is a common and widespread dabbling duck which breeds throughout the temperate and sub-tropical areas of North America... Game is any animal hunted for food. ... This article is about the bird. ... Binomial name Phasianus colchicus Linnaeus, 1758 The Common Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) is a gamebird in the pheasant family Phasianidae of the order Galliformes, gallinaceous birds. ... This article is about the bird. ... Binomial name Tetrao tetrix (Linnaeus, 1758) The Black Grouse (Tetrao tetrix) is a large bird in the grouse family. ... Binomial name Chrysolophus amherstiae (Leadbeater, 1829) The Lady Amhersts Pheasant (Chrysolophus amherstiae) is a gamebird of the order Galliformes (gallinaceous birds) and the family Phasianidae. ... Binomial name Chrysolophus pictus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Golden Pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus) is a gamebird of the order Galliformes (gallinaceous birds) and the family Phasianidae. ... Genera Anser Branta Chen Cereopsis Cnemiornis(extinct) † see also: Swan, Duck Anatidae Goose (plural geese) is the general English name for a considerable number of birds, belonging to the family Anatidae. ... Binomial name Branta canadensis (Linnaeus, 1758) Subspecies (Dusky Canada Goose) (Vancouver Canada Goose) (Lesser Canada Goose) (Moffitts Canada Goose) (Giant Canada Goose) (Interior Canada Goose) (Atlantic Canada Goose) The Canada Goose (Branta canadensis), colloquially Greater Canada in North America, belongs to the Branta genus of geese, which contains species... Binomial name Anser anser (Linnaeus, 1758) Subspecies (Western Greylag Goose) (Eastern Greylag Goose) The Greylag Goose, Anser anser, is a bird with a wide range in the Old World, apparently breeding where suitable localities are to be found in many European countries, although it no longer breeds in southwestern Europe. ... Binomial name Chen canagica (Sevastianov, 1802) Synonyms The Emperor Goose (Chen canagica) is a species of goose. ... Binomial name Branta canadensis (Linnaeus, 1758) Subspecies (Dusky Canada Goose) (Vancouver Canada Goose) (Lesser Canada Goose) (Moffitts Canada Goose) (Giant Canada Goose) (Interior Canada Goose) (Atlantic Canada Goose) The Canada Goose (Branta canadensis), colloquially Greater Canada in North America, belongs to the Branta genus of geese, which contains species... Binomial name Branta ruficollis (Pallas, 1769) The Red-breasted Goose (Branta ruficollis) is a goose of the genus Branta, closely related to the Brent Goose (Branta bernicla). ... Binomial name Branta canadensis (Linnaeus, 1758) Subspecies (Dusky Canada Goose) (Vancouver Canada Goose) (Lesser Canada Goose) (Moffitts Canada Goose) (Giant Canada Goose) (Interior Canada Goose) (Atlantic Canada Goose) The Canada Goose (Branta canadensis), colloquially Greater Canada in North America, belongs to the Branta genus of geese, which contains species... Binomial name Branta canadensis (Linnaeus, 1758) Subspecies (Dusky Canada Goose) (Vancouver Canada Goose) (Lesser Canada Goose) (Moffitts Canada Goose) (Giant Canada Goose) (Interior Canada Goose) (Atlantic Canada Goose) The Canada Goose (Branta canadensis), colloquially Greater Canada in North America, belongs to the Branta genus of geese, which contains species... Binomial name Anser albifrons (Scopoli, 1769) Subspecies (European White-fronted Goose) (Pacific White-fronted Goose) (Gambels White-fronted Goose) (Tule Goose) (Greenland White-fronted Goose) The White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons) is a goose closely related to the smaller Lesser White-fronted Goose (). In North America it is known... Binomial name Branta leucopsis ((Bechstein, 1803)) The Barnacle Goose (Branta leucopsis) belongs to the genus Branta of black geese, which contains species with largely black plumage, distinguishing them from the grey Anser species. ... Binomial name Branta canadensis (Linnaeus, 1758) Subspecies (Dusky Canada Goose) (Vancouver Canada Goose) (Lesser Canada Goose) (Moffitts Canada Goose) (Giant Canada Goose) (Interior Canada Goose) (Atlantic Canada Goose) The Canada Goose (Branta canadensis), colloquially Greater Canada in North America, belongs to the Branta genus of geese, which contains species... The British finches are made up of several species of Finch which were formerly very popular as cage birds in Great Britain. ... Domestic Canary The Canary is a domesticated form of the Wild Canary, (Serinus canaria) a small songbird in the finch family originating from Madeira and the Canary Islands. ... The British finches are made up of several species of Finch which were formerly very popular as cage birds in Great Britain. ... Genera Many, see text Finches are seed-eating passerine birds, the many species of which are found chiefly in the northern hemisphere, but also to a limited extent in Africa and South America. ... Trinomial name Gallus gallus domesticus A chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) is a type of domesticated bird which is often raised as a type of poultry. ... Binomial name Phasianus colchicus Linnaeus, 1758 The Common Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) is a gamebird in the pheasant family Phasianidae of the order Galliformes, gallinaceous birds. ... Trinomial name Gallus gallus domesticus A chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) is a type of domesticated bird which is often raised as a type of poultry. ... Genera  Agelastes  Numida  Guttera  Acryllium The guineafowl are a family of birds in the same order as the pheasants, turkeys and other game birds. ... Genera  Agelastes  Numida  Guttera  Acryllium The guineafowl are a family of birds in the same order as the pheasants, turkeys and other game birds. ... Species Pavo cristatus Pavo muticus Afropavo congolensis The peafowl consist of three species of bird in the genera Pavo and Afropavo of the pheasant family, Phasianidae. ...

Topics related to speciation

Speciation refers to the evolutionary process by which new biological species arise. ... Allopatric speciation (also known as Allopatry) is speciation by geographical isolation. ... Sympatry is one of three theoretical models for the phenomenon of speciation. ... Illustration from The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex by Charles Darwin showing the Tufted Coquette Lophornis ornatus, female on left, ornamented male on right. ... A phylogeny (or phylogenesis) is the origin and evolution of a set of organisms, usually of a species. ... Polyploidy refers to cells or organisms that contain more than two copies of each of their chromosomes. ... Ecology is the branch of science that studies the distribution and abundance of living organisms, and the interactions between organisms and their environment. ... Genetics (from the Greek genno γεννώ= give birth) is the science of genes, heredity, and the variation of organisms. ... Punctuated equilibrium (or punctuated equilibria) is a theory in evolutionary biology which states that most sexually reproducing species will show little to no evolutionary change throughout their history. ... A speculative phylogenetic tree of all living things, based on rRNA gene data, showing the separation of the three domains, bacteria, archaea and eukaryotes. ... Haldanes rule relating to hybrids of species and to extended to speciation in evolutionary theory is easily stated: It was originally formulated in 1922 by the British evolutionary biologist J. B. S. Haldane; since it appears to be usually but not universally true, it is described as a rule...

External links

  • An introduction to Speciation: Speciation and Hybridization
  • A Bird Hybrids Database Bird Hybrids Database - Search by name of bird is available online for free. As of January 16th 2006, it contains 2,129 unique Bird Hybrids from 1,802 references. The English nomenclature used for the database is Sibley's or Howard's. The references are available by clicking on the bird hybrid name.

 
 

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