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Encyclopedia > Binet

Alfred Binet (July 11, 1857October 18, 1911), French psychologist and inventor of the first usable intelligence test, the basis of today's IQ test. http://rcswww. ... http://rcswww. ... July 11 is the 192nd day (193rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 173 days remaining. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... October 18 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in Leap years). ... A database query syntax error has occurred. ... A psychologist is a researcher and/or a practitioner of psychology. ... An inventor is a person who creates new inventions, typically technical devices such as mechanical, electrical or software devices or methods. ... ... ...


Binet was a French psychologist who published the first modern intelligence test, the Binet-Simon intelligence scale, in 1905. His principal goal was to identify students who needed special help in coping with the school curriculum. Along with his collaborator Theodore de Simon, Binet published revisions of his intelligence scale in 1908 and 1911, the last appearing just before his untimely death. A further refinement of the Binet-Simon scale was published in 1916 by Lewis M. Terman, from Stanford University, who incorporated the German psychologist William Stern's proposal that an individual's intelligence level be measured as an intelligence quotient (I.Q.). Terman's test, which he named the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale formed the basis for one of the modern intelligence tests still commonly used today. They are all colloquially known as IQ tests. 1905 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1916 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... Lewis Madison Terman (1877-1956) was a professor of cognitive psychology at Stanford University, perhaps best known for inventing the Stanford-Binet IQ test, which popularized IQ tests in America. ... The Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale was a refinement of the earlier Binet-Simon Scale. ...


Binet and chess

In 1894, Binet conducted one of the first psychological studies into chess. It investigated the cognitive facilities of chess masters. Binet hypothesised that chess depends upon the phenomenological qualities of visual memory but after studying the reports by master participants, it was concluded that memory was only part of the chain of cognition involved in the game process. The players were blindfolded and required to play the game from memory. It was found that only masters were able to play successfully without seeing the board for a second time and that amateur or intermediate players found it to be an impossible task. It was further concluded that experience, imagination and memories of abstract and concrete varieties were required in grand master chess. The line of psychological chess research was followed up in the 1950s by Reuben Fine and in the 1960s by Adriaan de Groot. 1894 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... From left, a white king, black rook and queen, white pawn, black knight, and white bishop in Staunton chess pieces. ... Visual memory is a part of memory preserving some characteristics of our senses pertaining to visual experience. ... Reuben Fine (October 11, 1914 - March 26, 1993) was one of the best chess players in the world during the 1930s. ... Adriaan de Groot, a Dutch chess master and psychologist conducted some of the most famous chess experiments of all time in the 1940s-60. ...


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  Results from FactBites:
 
Human Intelligence: Alfred Binet (1332 words)
Binet and Simon, in creating what historically is known as the Binet-Simon Scale, comprised a variety of tasks they thought were representative of typical children's abilities at various ages.
Binet also stressed that intellectual development progressed at variable rates, could be impacted by the environment and was therefore not based solely on genetics, was malleable rather than fixed, and could only be used on children with comparable backgrounds (Siegler, 1992).
Binet, A. New methods for the diagnosis of the intellectual level of subnormals.
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