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Encyclopedia > Billy The Kid
Henry McCarty (Billy the Kid)

Billy the Kid. (Reversed ferrotype photo)
Born November 23, 1859(1859-11-23)
Flag of the United States New York City
Died July 14, 1881 (aged 21)
Flag of the United States Fort Sumner, New Mexico
Occupation Outlaw
Parents Natural Father: not known, poss. Patrick Henry McCarty or William Bonney

Stepfather: William Antrim
Mother:Catherine McCarty or Katherine McCarty Bonney The main article for this page is Billy the Kid. ... Image File history File links Billykid. ... This is a ferrotype, circa 1870, possibly made in Philadelphia, of an African-American man leaning on a hitching post. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Fort Sumner was a military fort in De Baca County in southeastern New Mexico charged with the internment of Navajo and Mescalero Apache populations from 1863-1868 at nearby Bosque Redondo. ... Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Largest metro area Albuquerque metropolitan area Area  Ranked 5th  - Total 121,665 sq mi (315,194 km²)  - Width 342 miles (550 km)  - Length 370 miles (595 km)  - % water 0. ... For other senses of this word, see outlaw (disambiguation). ...

Brother:Joseph Antrim

Henry McCarty (November 23, 1859[1]July 14, 1881), better known as Billy the Kid, but also known by the aliases William Antrim and William Harrison Bonney, was a famous 19th century American frontier outlaw and gunman who was a participant in the Lincoln County War. According to legend he killed 21 men, one for each year of his life. is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... In the United States and Canada the frontier was the term applied until the end of the 19th century to the zone of unsettled land outside the region of existing settlements of European immigrants and their descendants. ... For other senses of this word, see outlaw (disambiguation). ... The Lincoln County War was a conflict between two entrenched factions in 19th century Americas western frontier. ...


McCarty was 5'8-5'9 with blue eyes, smooth cheeks, and prominent front teeth. He was said to be friendly and personable at times,[2] but he could also be short-tempered and determined. This made him a very dangerous outlaw, when combined with his shooting skills and cunning. He was also famous for (apparently) always wearing a sugarloaf sombrero hat with a wide green decorative band. He was little known in his own lifetime but was catapulted into legend in the year after his death when his killer, Sheriff Patrick Garrett, published a wildly sensationalistic biography of him called The Authentic Life of Billy, the Kid. Beginning with Garrett's account, Billy the Kid grew into a symbolic figure of the American Old West. Sombrero Sombrero means hat in Spanish. ... Patrick (Pat) Garrett. ... The cowboy, the quintessential symbol of the American Old West, circa 1887. ...

Contents

Biography

Early life

Little is known about McCarty's background, but he is thought to have been born on Allen Street on the lower east side of Manhattan Island, New York. His parents were of Irish Catholic descent, but their names, and thus McCarty's surname, are not known for certain. Variations for his parents' names include Catherine McCarty or Katherine McCarty Bonney for his mother and William Bonney or Patrick Henry McCarty for his father (who probably died around the end of the American Civil War). Some genealogists say he was born William Henry Bonney and was son of William Harrison Bonney and wife Katherine Boujean, paternal grandson of Levi Bonney and wife Rhoda Pratt and great-grandson of Obadiah Pratt (Saybrook, Connecticut, September 14, 1742Canaan, New York, March 2, 1797) and wife Jemima Tolls (New Haven, Connecticut, August 11, 1754Washington, New York, November 24, 1812) (who in turn were the grandparents of Mormon leader Parley P. Pratt, making him and Bonney first cousins once removed.).[3] In 1868, his mother met William Antrim, and after several years of moving around the country with Henry and his half-brother Joseph, the couple married and settled in Silver City, New Mexico, in 1873. Antrim found sporadic work as a bartender and carpenter but soon became more interested in prospecting for fortune than in his wife and stepsons. Despite this, young McCarty sometimes referred to himself by the surname "Antrim." For other uses, see Manhattan (disambiguation). ... This article is about the state. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Old Saybrook is a town located in Middlesex County, Connecticut. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events January 24 - Charles VII Albert becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ... Canaan is a town located in Columbia County, New York. ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1797 (MDCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... “New Haven” redirects here. ... is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1754 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Washington is a town located in Dutchess County, New York. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the overture by Tchaikovsky, see 1812 Overture; For the wars, see War of 1812 (USA - United Kingdom) or Patriotic War of 1812 (France - Russia) For the Siberia Airlines plane crashed over the Black Sea on October 4, 2001, see Siberia Airlines Flight 1812 1812 was a leap year starting... The term Mormon is a colloquial name, most-often used to refer to members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). ... Parley P. Pratt Statue of Parley P. Pratt facing Parleys Canyon at sunrise. ... Location in the State of New Mexico Coordinates: , Country State County Grant Founded 1878 Government  - Mayor James R. Marshall Area  - Town  10. ...


Faced with an indigent husband, McCarty's mother took in boarders in order to provide for her sons. She was afflicted with tuberculosis, even though she was seen by her boarders and neighbors as "a jolly Irish lady, full of life and mischief." The following year, on September 16, 1874, she died, and was buried in the Memory Lane Cemetery in Silver City. At age 14, McCarty was taken in by a neighboring family who operated a hotel where he worked to pay for his keep. The manager was impressed by the youth, boasting that he was the only young man who ever worked for him that did not steal anything. His school teachers said that the young orphan was "no more of a problem than any other boy, always quite willing to help with chores around the schoolhouse." Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for tubercle bacillus or Tuberculosis) is a common and deadly infectious disease caused by mycobacteria, mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


On September 23, 1875, McCarty was arrested for hiding a bundle of stolen clothes for a man playing a prank on a Chinese laundryman. Two days after McCarty was thrown in jail, the scrawny teen escaped by worming his way up the jailhouse chimney. From that point on, McCarty was more or less a fugitive. He eventually found work as an itinerant ranch hand and shepherd in southeastern Arizona. In 1877, he became a civilian teamster at Fort Grant Army Post in Arizona with the duty of hauling logs from a timber camp to a sawmill. The civilian blacksmith at the camp, Frank "Windy" Cahill, took pleasure in bullying young McCarty. On August 17, Cahill attacked McCarty after a verbal exchange and threw him to the ground. McCarty retaliated by drawing his gun and shooting Cahill, who died the next day. Once again McCarty was in custody, this time in the Camp's guardhouse awaiting the arrival of the local marshal. Before the marshal could arrive, however, McCarty escaped. It has sometimes been reported that the encounter with Frank Cahill took place in a saloon. is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... A teamster was a person who drove a team of oxen, a horse-drawn or mule-drawn wagon or a muletrain (in the latter case, he was also known as a muleteer or muleskinner). ...


Again on the run, McCarty, who had begun to refer to himself as "Willam H. Bonney," next turned up in the house of Heiskell Jones in Pecos Valley, New Mexico. Apaches had stolen McCarty's horse, which forced him to walk many miles to the nearest settlement, which was Jones's home. She nursed the young man, who was near death, back to health. The Jones family developed a strong attachment to McCarty and gave him one of their horses. For other uses, see Apache (disambiguation). ...


Lincoln County Cattle War

In the autumn of 1877, Bonney (McCarty) moved to Lincoln County, New Mexico, and was hired as a cattle guard by John Tunstall, an English cattle rancher, banker and merchant, and his partner, Alexander McSween, a prominent lawyer. A conflict, known later as the Lincoln County Cattle War, had begun between the established town merchants and the ranchers. Events turned bloody on February 18, 1878, when Tunstall, unarmed, was caught on an open range while herding cattle. Tunstall's murder enraged Bonney and the other ranch hands. Lincoln County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Mexico. ... John Tunstall was born in Dalston, England, on 6 March 1853 and died on 18 February 1878. ... The Lincoln County War was a conflict between two entrenched factions in 19th century Americas western frontier. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


They formed their own group called the Regulators, led by ranch hand Richard "Dick" Brewer, and proceeded to hunt down two of the members of the posse that had killed Tunstall. They captured Bill Morton and Frank Baker on March 6 and killed them on March 9 near Agua Negra. While returning to Lincoln they also killed one of their own members, a man named McCloskey, whom they suspected of being a traitor.[4] Richard Brewer (January 10, 1850 – April 4, 1878), also known as Dick Brewer, was an American cowboy and outlaw. ...


On April 1, Regulators Jim French, Frank McNab, John Middleton, Fred Waite, Henry Brown and Bonney ambushed Sheriff William J. Brady[5] and his deputy,[6] killing them both in the high street of Lincoln itself. McCarty was wounded while trying to retrieve a rifle belonging to him, which Brady had taken in an earlier arrest.[4] Jim French was a New Mexican cowboy. ... Frank McNab (or MacNab) was a member of The Regulators who fought on behalf of John Tunstall during the Lincoln County War. ... John Middleton was friend of Billy the Kid and a key member of The Regulators, who fought on behalf of John Tunstall during the Lincoln County War. ... Fred Waite (September 28, 1853-September 24, 1895) was a Native American who turned into a cowboy and joined Billy the Kids gang. ... Henry Newton Brown (1857-April 1884) was a 19th century gunman who played the roles of both lawman and outlaw during his brief life. ... William J. Brady in 1872, Territorial Legislature photograph William J. Brady (16 August 1829 - 1 April 1878), was the sheriff of Lincoln County during the Lincoln County Wars in New Mexico, USA. He was killed in an ambush by Billy the Kid. ...


On April 4, they tracked down and killed an old buffalo hunter known as Buckshot Roberts, whom they suspected of involvement in the Tunstall murder, but not before Roberts shot and killed Dick Brewer, who had been the Regulators' leader up until that point. Two other Regulators were wounded during the gun battle, which took place at Blazer's Mill.[4] McCarty took over as leader of the Regulators following Brewer's death. Under indictment for the Brady killing, McCarty and his gang spent the next several months in hiding and were trapped, along with McSween, in McSween's home in Lincoln on July 15, 1878, by members of "The House" and some of Brady's men. After a five day siege, McSween's house was set on fire. McCarty and the other Regulators fled, Henry McCarty killing a "House" member named Bob Beckwith in the process and maybe more. McSween was shot down while fleeing the blaze, and his death essentially marked the end of the Lincoln County Cattle War. Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Lew Wallace and amnesty

In the autumn of 1878, former Union Army General Lew Wallace became Governor of the New Mexico Territory. In order to restore peace to Lincoln County, Wallace proclaimed an amnesty for any man involved in the Lincoln County War who was not already under indictment. Bonney, who had fled to Texas after escaping from McSween's house, was under indictment, but Wallace was intrigued by rumors that the young man was willing to surrender himself and testify against other combatants if amnesty could be extended to him. In March 1879 Wallace and McCarty met in Lincoln County to discuss the possibility of a deal. True to form, McCarty greeted the governor with a revolver in one hand and a Winchester rifle in the other. After taking several days to consider Wallace's offer, Bonney agreed to testify in return for amnesty. The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ... Lewis Lew Wallace (April 10, 1827 – February 15, 1905) was a lawyer, governor, Union general in the American Civil War, American statesman, and author, best remembered for his historical novel Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ. ... Year 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Winchester Model 1894 The Winchester rifle has become synonymous with the word repeating rifle (multishot rifle) which was manufactured by the Winchester Repeating Arms Company and was commonly used in the United States during the latter half of the 19th century. ...


The arrangement called for Bonney to submit to a token arrest and a short stay in jail until the conclusion of his courtroom testimony. Although Bonny's testimony helped to indict John Dolan, the district attorney, one of the powerful "House" faction leaders, disregarded Wallace's order to set Bonney free after testifying. He was returned to jail in June 1879, but slipped out of his handcuffs and fled.


For the next year and a half, Bonney survived by rustling, gambling and killing. In January 1880, during a well-documented altercation, he killed a man named Joe Grant in a Fort Sumner saloon. Grant was boasting that he would kill the "Kid" if he saw him, not realizing the man he was playing poker with was "Billy the Kid." In those days people only loaded their revolvers with five bullets, since there were no safeties and a lot of accidents. The "Kid" asked Grant if he could see his ivory handled revolver and, while looking at the weapon, cycled the cylinder so the hammer would fall on the empty chamber. He then let Grant know who he was. When Grant fired, nothing happened, and Bonney then shot him. When asked about the incident later, he remarked, "It was a game for two, and I got there first". Other stories tell the bullet issue differently. One version is that Billy emptied the gun. This version is adapted by the motion picture Young Guns, by the way. Another story tells that Grant just bought the six shot from another man, Chisum cowboy Jack Finan, who just some hours before had shot three rounds without reloading. Grant hadn't reloaded the weapon either, as he didn't know about that. The Kid only turned the empty cartridges up to the hammer. Fort Sumner was a military fort in De Baca County in southeastern New Mexico charged with the internment of Navajo and Mescalero Apache populations from 1863-1868 at nearby Bosque Redondo. ... Young Guns is a 1988 action/western film directed by Christopher Cain and written by John Fusco. ...


In November 1880, a posse pursued and trapped Bonney's gang inside a ranch-house (owned by friend James Greathouse at Anton Chico in the White Oaks area). A posse member named James Carlysle[7] ventured into the house under white flag in an attempt to negotiate the group's surrender, with Greathouse being sent out as a hostage for the posse. At some point in the night it became apparent to Carlysle that the outlaws were stalling, when suddenly a shot was accidentally fired from outside. Carlysle, assuming the posse members had shot Greathouse, decided to run for his life, crashing through a window into the snow outside. As he did so, the posse, mistaking Carlysle for one of the gang, fired and killed him. Realizing what they had done and now demoralized, the posse scattered, allowing Bonney and his gang to slip away. Bonney later wrote to Governor Wallace claiming innocence in the killing of Carlysle and of involvement in cattle rustling in general. German troops after surrendering to the U.S. Third Army carry the white flag (WW2 photo). ...


Pat Garrett

A photograph of Sheriff Pat Garrett
A photograph of Sheriff Pat Garrett

During this time, the Kid also developed a friendship with an ambitious local bartender and former buffalo hunter named Pat Garrett. Running on a pledge to rid the area of rustlers, Garrett was elected as sheriff of Lincoln County in November 1880, and in early December he put together a posse and set out to arrest Bonney, now known almost exclusively as Billy the Kid, and carrying a $500 bounty on his head. Image File history File links Pat_Garrett2. ... Image File history File links Pat_Garrett2. ... Patrick Pat Floyd Garrett (June 5, 1850 – February 28, 1908) was an American Old West lawman, bartender, and customs agent who was best known for killing Billy the Kid. ...


The posse led by Garrett fared much better, and his men closed in quickly. On December 19, Bonney barely escaped the posse's midnight ambush in Fort Sumner, during which one of the gang, Tom O'Folliard, was shot and killed. On December 23, he was tracked to an abandoned stone building located in a remote location called Stinking Springs. While Bonney and his gang were asleep inside, Garrett's posse surrounded the building and waited for sunrise. The next morning, a cattle rustler named Charlie Bowdre stepped outside to feed his horse. Mistaken for Bonney, he was killed by the posse. Soon afterward somebody from within the building reached for the horse's halter rope, but Garrett shot and killed the horse, the body of which then blocked the only exit. As the lawmen began to cook breakfast over an open fire, Garrett and Bonney engaged in a friendly exchange, with Garrett inviting Bonney outside to eat, and Bonney inviting Garrett to "go to hell." Realizing that they had no hope of escape, the besieged and hungry outlaws finally surrendered later that day and were allowed to join in the meal. Born in Texas, Tom OFolliard (1858-1880) was the best friend of the famous outlaw William Bonney aka Billy the Kid. ...


Escape from Lincoln

Courthouse and jail, Lincoln, New Mexico
Courthouse and jail, Lincoln, New Mexico

Bonney was jailed in the town of Mesilla while waiting for his April 1881 trial and spent his time giving newspaper interviews and also peppering Governor Wallace with letters seeking clemency. Wallace, however, refused to intervene. Bonney's trial took one day and resulted in his conviction for killing Sheriff Brady; the only conviction ever secured against any of the combatants in the Lincoln County Cattle War. On April 13, he was sentenced by Judge Warren Bristol to hang. The execution was scheduled for May 13, and he was sent to Lincoln to await this date, held under guard by two of Garrett's deputies, James Bell and Robert Ollinger, on the top floor of the town's courthouse. On April 28, while Garrett was out of town, Bonney stunned the territory by killing both of his guards and escaping. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2916x1956, 3756 KB) Summary Jail and courthouse in w:Lincoln, New Mexico, where w:Billy the Kid was tried. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2916x1956, 3756 KB) Summary Jail and courthouse in w:Lincoln, New Mexico, where w:Billy the Kid was tried. ... Mesilla is a town located in Doña Ana County, New Mexico. ... Hanging is the suspension of a person by a ligature, usually a cord wrapped around the neck, causing death. ...


The details of the escape are unclear. Some historians believe that a friend or Regulator sympathizer left a pistol in a nearby privy that Bonney was allowed to use, under escort, each day. Bonney then retrieved this gun and after Bell had led him back to the courthouse, turned it on his guard as the two of them reached the top of a flight of stairs inside. Another theory holds that Bonney slipped his manacles at the top of the stairs, struck Bell[8] over the head with them and then grabbed Bell's own gun and shot him.[4]


However it happened, Bell staggered out into the street and collapsed, mortally wounded. Meanwhile, Bonney scooped up Ollinger's[9] ten-gauge double barrel shotgun and waited at the upstairs window for Ollinger, who had been across the street with some other prisoners, to come to Bell's aid. As Ollinger came running into view, Bonney leveled the shotgun at him, called out "Hello Bob!" and shot him dead. The townsfolk supposedly gave him an hour that he used to remove his leg iron. The hour was granted in thanks for his work as part of "The Regulators." After cutting his leg irons with an axe, the young outlaw borrowed (or stole) a horse and rode leisurely out of town, reportedly singing. The horse was returned two days later.[4] For other uses, see Shotgun (disambiguation). ...


Death

Billy the Kid's grave, Fort Sumner, New Mexico.
Billy the Kid's grave, Fort Sumner, New Mexico.

Responding to rumours that Bonney was still lurking in the vicinity of Fort Sumner almost three months after his escape, Sheriff Garrett and two deputies set out on July 14, 1881, to question one of the town's residents, a friend of Bonney's named Pedro Maxwell. Near midnight, as Garrett and Maxwell sat talking in Maxwell's darkened bedroom, Bonney unexpectedly entered the room. There are at least two versions of what happened next. Download high resolution version (602x892, 116 KB)Billy the Kids grave, Fort Sumner, Texas File links The following pages link to this file: Billy the Kid Categories: User-created public domain images ... Download high resolution version (602x892, 116 KB)Billy the Kids grave, Fort Sumner, Texas File links The following pages link to this file: Billy the Kid Categories: User-created public domain images ... is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


One version says that as the Kid entered, he could not recognize Garrett in the poor light. Bonney drew his pistol and backed away, asking "¿Quién es? ¿Quién es?" (Spanish for "Who is it? Who is it?"). Recognizing Bonney's voice, Garrett drew his own pistol and fired twice, the first bullet hitting McCarty just above his heart and killing him instantly. In a second version, Bonney entered carrying a knife, evidently headed to a kitchen area. He noticed someone in the darkness, and uttered the words "¿Quién es? ¿Quién es?", at which point he was shot and killed in ambush style.


Although the popularity of the first story persists, and portrays Garrett in a better light, many historians contend that the second version is probably the accurate one.[10][11] A markedly different theory, in which Garrett and his posse set a trap for Bonney, has also been suggested, most recently being investigated in the Discovery Channel documentary "Billy the Kid: Unmasked". The theory contends that Garrett went to the bedroom of Pedro Maxwell's sister, Paulita, and tied her up in her bed. Paulita was an acquaintance of Billy the Kid, and the two had possibly considered getting married. When Bonney arrived, Garrett was waiting behind Paulita's bed and shot the Kid. Discovery Channel is a cable and satellite TV channel founded by John Hendricks which is distributed by Discovery Communications. ...


Henry McCarty, alias Henry Antrim, alias William H. Bonney, alias Billy the Kid, was buried the next day in Fort Sumner's old military cemetery, between his fallen companions Tom O'Folliard and Charlie Bowdre. A single tombstone was later erected over the graves, giving the three outlaws' names and with the word "Pals" also carved into it. The tombstone has been stolen and recovered three times since being placed in the 1940s, and the entire gravesite is now enclosed by a steel cage.[1]


Notoriety, fact vs reputation

As with many men of the old west dubbed gunfighters, Billy the Kid's reputation exaggerated the actual facts of gunfights in which he was involved. Despite being credited with the killing of 21 men in his lifetime, he is believed to have participated in the killing of only nine men. Five of them died during shootouts in which several of the "Regulators" took part (including the revenge killing of Sheriff Brady, who had murdered Billy's employer, Englishman John Tunstall); of the other four, two were in self-defense gunfights and the other two were the killings of Deputies Bell and Olinger during the Kid's jail escape. Still, Billy the Kid, with the Winchester rifle given him by John Tunstall (and taken from him by Sheriff Brady), was the best shot to emerge from the Lincoln County War. After killing Brady, Billy walked coolly over to the body and recovered his rifle.[12]


Left-handed or right-handed?

For most of the 20th century, it was widely assumed that Billy the Kid was left-handed. This belief came from the fact that the only known photograph of McCarty, an undated ferrotype, shows him with a Model 1873 Winchester rifle in his right hand and a gun belt with a holster on his left side, where a left handed person would typically wear a pistol. The belief became so entrenched that in 1958, a biographical film was made about Billy the Kid called The Left Handed Gun starring Paul Newman. Late in the 20th century, it was discovered that the familiar ferrotype was actually a reverse image. This version shows his Model 1873 Winchester with the loading port on the left side. All Model 1873s had the loading port on the right side, proving the image was reversed, and that he was, in fact, wearing his pistol on his right hip. Even though the image has been proven to be reversed, the idea of a left handed Billy the Kid continues to widely circulate. Perhaps because many people heard both of these arguments and confused them, it is widely believed that Billy the Kid was ambidextrous. Many Billy the Kid sites describe him as such, and the fact is still widely disputed.[2][3] [4][5] People who are left-handed are more dextrous with their left hand than with their right hand: they will probably also use their left hand for tasks such as personal care, cooking, and so on. ... This article is about the American actor and race team owner. ... Ambidexterity is the ability of being equally adept with each hand (or, to a limited degree, feet). ...


Imposters

Brushy Bill

In 1950, a paralegal named William Morrison located a man in West Texas named Ollie P. Roberts, nicknamed Brushy Bill, who claimed to be the actual Billy the Kid, and that he indeed had not been shot and killed by Pat Garrett in 1881. Almost all historians reject the Brushy Bill claim. Among other problems, the real Billy the Kid was believed to have spoken Spanish fluently and could read and write (the Kid wrote several letters to New Mexico Governor Lew Wallace, seeking a pardon), whereas Brushy Bill apparently could not speak Spanish at all and was in fact, illiterate. However, Morrison has claimed that Brushy Bill did speak fluent Spanish and was very literate. Despite this and discrepancies in birth dates and physical appearance, the town of Hico, Texas (Brushy Bill's residence) has capitalized on the Kid's infamy by opening the Billy The Kid Museum. Ollie P. Roberts, nick-named Brushy Bill, claimed to be the actual Billy the Kid. ... Lewis Lew Wallace (April 10, 1827 – February 15, 1905) was a lawyer, governor, Union general in the American Civil War, American statesman, and author, best remembered for his historical novel Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ. ... Hico (pronounced high-coh) is a city located in Hamilton County, Texas. ...


John Miller

Another claimant to the title of Billy the Kid was John Miller, whose family claimed him posthumously to be Billy the Kid in 1938. Miller was buried at the state-owned Pioneers' Home Cemetery in Prescott, Arizona. Tom Sullivan, former sheriff of Lincoln County, and Steve Sederwall, former mayor of Capitan, disinterred the bones of John Miller in May 2005.[13] DNA samples from the remains were sent to a lab in Dallas, Texas, to be compared against traces of blood taken from a bench that was believed to be the one McCarty's body was placed on after he was shot to death. The pair had been searching for the physical remains of McCarty since 2003, beginning in Fort Sumner, New Mexico, and eventually ending up in Arizona. To date, no results of the DNA tests have been made public, although Sederwall has obliquely stated that "What I know is not what's written in history. What I know about this case differs from history." [6] John Miller in his early fifties. ... Prescott (pronounced by some locals as press-kit instead of press-cot) is a city in Yavapai County, Arizona, USA. According to 2005 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 40,360. ... Dallas redirects here. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Fort Sumner is a village in De Baca County, New Mexico, United States. ...


Popular culture

Billy the Kid has been the subject or inspiration for many works of art, including:


Books

  • Michael Ondaatje's 1970 book of poetry The Collected Works of Billy the Kid
  • N. Scott Momaday's novel The Ancient Child
  • Charles Neider's 1956 novel The Authentic Death of Hendry Jones
  • Bill Brooks' 2001 novel The Stone Garden
  • Loren D. Estleman's 1998 novel Journey of the Dead
  • Larry McMurtry's 1988 novel Anything for Billy
  • Pat Garrett's book The Authentic Life of Billy, the Kid
  • Jack Spicer's 1958 serial poem Billy The Kid
  • bpNichol's 1970 prose poem "The True Eventual Story of Billy the Kid" which won a Governor General's Award for that year.
  • Jim Wynne's book War in the Guadalupes
  • Jorge Luis Borges's short story "The Disinterested Killer Bill Harrigan" in A Universal History of Infamy
  • Eric Powell's 2005 comic book series Billy the Kid's Old Timey Oddities
  • Robert M. Utley's 1989 book Billy the Kid, A Short and Violent Life
  • Frederick Nolan's 1998 pictorial biography The West of Billy the Kid
  • Lucky Luke comic albums Billy the Kid (1962), and L'escorte (1966), as well as a couple of brief appearances in other Lucky Luke albums
  • Elizabeth Fackler's novel Billy the Kid: The Legend of El Chivato (ISBN 0312855591)
  • Theodore Taylor's book Billy the Kid, a Novel
  • Michael Wallis 2007 "Billy the Kid-The Endless Ride" reviewed on Book TV on 5-5-2007
  • William Johnstone's "Song of Eagles"

Philip Michael Ondaatje, OC (born 12 September 1943) is a Canadian/Sri Lankan novelist and poet perhaps best known for his Booker Prize winning novel adapted into an Academy-Award-winning film, The English Patient. ... See also: 1969 in literature, other events of 1970, 1971 in literature, list of years in literature. ... This article is about the art form. ... Navarre Scott Momaday (born February 27, 1934) is a Native American (Kiowa) writer. ... See also: 1955 in literature, other events of 1956, 1957 in literature, list of years in literature. ... See also: 2000 in literature, other events of 2001, 2002 in literature, list of years in literature. ... Loren D. Estleman (born September 15, 1952) is an American writer of of detective and Western fiction. ... See also: 1997 in literature, other events of 1998, 1999 in literature, list of years in literature. ... Larry McMurtry (born June 3, 1936 in Wichita Falls, Texas) is a novelist, screenwriter, and essayist. ... See also: 1987 in literature, other events of 1988, 1989 in literature, list of years in literature. ... This page is about the poet. ... Barrie Phillip Nichol (September 30, 1944 _ September 25, Canadian poet. ... This is a list of the winners of the Governor Generals Award for English language poetry or drama. ... Borges redirects here. ... A Universal History of Infamy by Jorge Luis Borges. ... Eric Powell is a comic book writer and artist living in Lebanon, Tennessee. ... Billy the Kids Old Timey Oddities is a four issue American comic book limited series published in 2005, by Dark Horse Comics. ... Utley at the 2007 Texas Book Festival. ... See also: 1988 in literature, other events of 1989, 1990 in literature, list of years in literature. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the comic book and TV series. ... Comics (or, less commonly, sequential art) is a form of visual art consisting of images which are commonly combined with text, often in the form of speech balloons or image captions. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... Theodore Taylor is the prize-winning author of many books including The Cay, The Weirdo, Ice Drift, Timothy of the Cay, Bomb, Sniper and Rogue Wave. ...

Film

Billy the Kid (1930) is a film about the relationship between frontier outlaw Billy the Kid (Johnny Mack Brown) and Pat Garrett (Wallace Beery), the man who later killed him. ... King Vidor King Wallis Vidor (February 8, 1894 – November 1, 1982) was an American film director. ... Johnny Mack Brown (September 1, 1904 – November 14, 1974) was an All-American college football player and successful film actor. ... Wallace Beery (April 1, 1885 – April 15, 1949) was an American actor, best known for his many cinema appearances. ... Dale Evans and Roy Rogers at the 61st Academy Awards Leonard Franklin Slye (November 5, 1911 – July 6, 1998), who became famous as Roy Rogers, was a singer and cowboy actor. ... Billy the Kid is a 1941 color remake of a 1930 movie of the same name. ... Robert Taylor (August 5, 1911 – June 8, 1969), was an American actor. ... Brian Donlevy in The Big Combo Brian Donlevy (born Waldo Bruce Donlevy on February 9, 1901 in Cleveland, Ohio, died April 6, 1972 in Woodland Hills, California) was an American actor, known for many film roles from the 1930s to the 1960s. ... A colorized image of Jack Buetel as Billy the Kid. ... For the Welsh murderer, see Howard Hughes (murderer). ... The year 1943 in film involved some significant events. ... Also see: Audie Murphy legacy. ... The Left Handed Gun is a 1958 film starring Paul Newman (as Billy the Kid) and Lita Milan. ... Arthur Penn (born September 27, 1922 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is a film director of thoughtful films that dont always find an audience. ... // Events February 16- In the Money is released on this date. ... Disambiguation: For the 1955 Clark Gable movie, see The Tall Men. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Barry Sullivan was a movie actor who appeared in over 100 movies from the 1930s to the 1980s. ... Clu Gulager (born William Martin Galuger on November 16, 1928) is an American television and film actor of part Cherokee Indian descent. ... Billy the Kid vs. ... William Beaudine (January 15, 1892 - March 18, 1970) was an American film director. ... // Events Top grossing films North America Thunderball Dr. Zhivago Whos Afraid of Virginia Woolf? That Darn Cat! The Russians Are Coming, The Russians Are Coming Academy Awards Best Picture: A Man for All Seasons - Highland, Columbia Best Actor: Paul Scofield - A Man for All Seasons Best Actress: Elizabeth Taylor... John Carradine (February 5, 1906 – November 27, 1988) was a Daytime Emmy Award-winning American actor, perhaps best known for his roles in horror films and Westerns. ... Chisum is a 1970 western movie directed by Andrew V. McLaglen and starring John Wayne and Forrest Tucker. ... For other persons named John Wayne, see John Wayne (disambiguation). ... John Chisum was born in Madison County on 15 August 1824. ... Geoffrey Jacob Deuel is an American actor born 17 January 1943. ... Michael J. Pollard (born Michael J. Pollack, May 30, 1939 in Passaic, New Jersey) is an actor. ... Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid is a 1973 film directed by Sam Peckinpah and starring James Coburn and Kris Kristofferson. ... David Samuel Sam Peckinpah (February 21, 1925 – December 28, 1984) was an American film director who achieved iconic status following the release of his 1969 Western epic The Wild Bunch. ... // Events The Marx Brothers Zeppo Marx divorces his second wife, Barbara Blakely. ... This article is about the recording artist. ... Val Edward Kilmer[1] (born December 31, 1959) is an American actor. ... Young Guns is a 1988 action/western film directed by Christopher Cain and written by John Fusco. ... // Michael Jacksons first film was Moonwalker Rain Man, starring Dustin Hoffman and Tom Cruise Who Framed Roger Rabbit, starring Bob Hoskins Coming to America, starring Eddie Murphy Big, starring Tom Hanks Twins, starring Arnold Schwarzenegger and Danny DeVito Crocodile Dundee II Die Hard, starring Bruce Willis The Naked Gun... Emilio Estévez (born May 12, 1962) is an American actor, director and writer. ... Bill & Teds Excellent Adventure Bill & Teds Excellent Adventure (1989) is a comedy/science fiction film based on the idea of time travel. ... // Actress Kim Basinger and her brother Mick purchase Braselton, Georgia for $20 million. ... Keanu Charles Reeves (pronounced in IPA: ) is an actor, born September 2, 1964 in Beirut, Lebanon, and raised in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Alex Winter and Keanu Reeves in Bill & Teds Excellent Adventure, 1989 Alex Winter (born July 17, 1965) is an actor, director, and film writer, English-born but raised in Montclair, New Jersey, USA. Born in London, England, Alex Winter trained as a dancer as a child, that being the... Dan Shor promotional photo Daniel Shor is a veteran actor, director, writer and teacher with a career spanning 28 years. ... Young Guns II is a 1990 film, and is the sequel to Young Guns. ... Geoff Murphy directed some significant New Zealand movies in the late 20th century. ... The year 1990 in film involved some significant events. ... // Please note that following the tradition of the English language film industry, these are the top grossing films that were first released in the United States and Canada in 2006; because they may have made most of their income in a later year, they may not be the top-grossing...

Games

  • Billy the Kid Returns, a PC game based on the life of Billy the Kid published by Alive Software in 1993
  • The Legend of Billy the Kid, a game published by Ocean Software in 1991 for PC and Amiga.

The Ocean logotype had an often prominent placement on the box art. ... This article is about the family of home computers. ...

Music

  • Jon Bon Jovi's album "Blaze of Glory", used as part of the soundtrack for Young Guns II
  • Running Wild's song, "Billy the Kid"
  • Charlie Daniels's song, "Billy the Kid"
  • Billy Dean's song, "Billy the Kid"
  • Diablo Royale's song, "Dead at 21"
  • Bob Dylan's album Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid, soundtrack of the 1973 film by Sam Peckinpah
  • Joe Ely's song, "Me and Billy The Kid"
  • Ricky Fitzpatrick's song, "Ballad of Billy the Kid", [9]
  • Jerry Granelli's album from 2005 "Sand Hills Reunion" featuring words and music about Billy the Kid and Pat Garrett. [10]
  • Pat Green's "Me and Billy the Kid"
  • Billy Joel's song, "The Ballad of Billy the Kid"
  • Chris LeDoux's song, "Billy the Kid"
  • Will Oldham has related his moniker "Bonnie Prince Billy" to Billy the Kid's alias "William Bonney"
  • Tom Pacheco's song "Nobody ever killed Billy the Kid" on his disc "Woodstock Winter"
  • Tom Petty's song, "Billy the Kid"
  • Marty Robbins' song "Billy the Kid" from the album Gunfighter Ballads & Trail Songs Volume 3
  • The outlaw named Texas Red in Marty Robbins' song "Big Iron" is based on Billy The Kid. This song is also covered by Mike Ness on his album Under the Influences.
  • German Heavy Metal veterans Running Wild's song, "Billy the Kid"
  • Western performer Dave Stamey's "The Skies of Lincoln County", which features the deceased McCarty as narrator, answering historical distortions put forth by Pat Garrett
  • Two Gallants' song "Las Cruces Jail"
  • Rapper Fabolous has the alter-ego William H. Bonney for his love of being a babyface outlaw who has his way with women
  • Marty Stuart's song titled "Me and Billy The Kid" told the story as the singer being a friend of Billy

Jon Bon Jovi (born John Francis Bongiovi, Jr. ... Reviews = None This article refers to the album. ... Running Wild is one of several German power metal bands to emerge in the mid/late 1980s (along with Helloween, Rage, Blind Guardian, Grave Digger, etc). ... Charles Edward Charlie Daniels (born October 28, 1936 in Wilmington, North Carolina) is an American musician famous for his contributions to country and southern rock music. ... Billy Dean (born April 2, 1962 in Quincy, Florida) is an American country music singer and songwriter. ... Pat Garrett & Billy the Kid is a soundtrack album released by Bob Dylan in 1973 for the Sam Peckinpah film of the same name. ... Joe Ely (born February 9, 1947) is an Austin, Texas honky-tonk/country musician. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... William Martin Billy Joel (born May 9, 1949) is an American singer, pianist, songwriter, composer and musician. ... The Ballad of Billy the Kid is a Billy Joel song from the album Piano Man (1973). ... Chris LeDoux (October 2, 1948 – March 9, 2005) was an American country music singer-songwriter, bronze sculptor and rodeo champion. ... Will Oldham, a. ... Tom Pacheco (born November 4, 1946) is an American folk singer-songwriter and guitarist. ... Thomas Earl Tom Petty (born October 20, 1950) is a singer and guitarist. ... Marty Robbins (September 26, 1925 – December 8, 1982) was one of the most popular and successful American country and western singers of his era. ... Big Iron is a country music ballad by Marty Robbins, originally released as an album track on Gunfighter Ballads and Trail Songs in September 1959, then as a single in February 1960. ... Mike Ness (born Michael James Ness) (born April 3, 1962) is a guitarist, vocalist, and chief song writer for the punk rock band Social Distortion. ... Under the Influences, the second solo album from Social Distortions Mike Ness, is a compilation of country, rock, and bluegrass covers. ... Running Wild is one of a few German heavy metal bands to emerge in the early/mid 1980s (along with Helloween, Gamma Ray, Rage, Blind Guardian, Grave Digger, etc). ... Two Gallants are a indie rock duo from San Francisco, California. ... Las Cruces Jail is the first single to be taken from the album, What the Toll Tells by Two Gallants. ... John Jackson (born November 18, 1977),[1] better known by his stage name Fabolous, is an American rapper. ... Henry McCarty (November 23, 1860–July 14, 1881) better known as Billy the Kid but also known by the alias William Henry Bonney, was a 19th century American frontier outlaw and murderer who was a participant in the Lincoln County War. ... Marty Stuart (born John Marty Stuart September 30, 1958 in Philadelphia, Mississippi) is an American country music singer, known for both his traditional style, and eclectic merging of rockabilly, honky tonk, and traditional country music. ...

Stage

Aaron Copland Aaron Copland (November 14, 1900 – December 2, 1990) was an American composer of concert and film music, as well as an accomplished pianist. ... Billy the Kid is a 1938 ballet written by the American composer Aaron Copland and commissioned by Lincoln Kirstein. ... Joseph Santley in Billy the Kid, 1906 Joseph Santley (January 10, 1889 - August 8, 1971) was an American actor, singer, dancer, writer, director, and producer of musical theatrical plays and motion pictures. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ...

Television and radio

  • Purgatory, a 1999 made-for-TV movie on TNT, played by Donnie Wahlberg
  • Billy the Kid, a New Mexico PBS documentary
  • The radio program Gunsmoke titled Billy, in which Billy is a 12 year old boy who killed a rancher with a knife and escaped at the end of the episode
  • The 2003 Discovery Channel Quest, "Billy the Kid: Unmasked" investigated the life and death of Billy the Kid through forensic science.
  • The Histeria! episode "The Wild West" featured Billy the Kid as the guest host, portraying him as an actual kid pretending to host a kids' show (ala Howdy Doody) while on the run from the law.
  • TV series The Tall Men ran from 1960 to 1962, starring Clu Gulager as Billy and Barry Sullivan as Pat Garrett
  • TV series The Simpsons featured an episode (Treehouse of Horror XIII) where William H. Bonney (Billy the Kid) comes back to life and takes control of Springfield.
  • TV series The Time Tunnel eponymous episode Billy the Kid: Doug and Tony encounter Billy, portrayed by Robert Walker, Jr..
  • TV series Maverick featured an episode where Bret (James Garner) meets several infamous outlaws, including Billy the Kid. DU LUGTER :D:D:D:DD

This article is about the year. ... “Telefilm” redirects here. ... Turner Network Television, usually referred to as TNT, is an American cable TV network created by media mogul Ted Turner and currently owned by the Turner Broadcasting System division of Time Warner. ... Donald Edmond Wahlberg, Jr. ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... The cast of radios Gunsmoke: Howard McNear (Doc), William Conrad (Matt), Georgia Ellis (Kitty) and Parley Baer (Chester) Gunsmoke is an American radio and television Western drama series created by director Norman MacDonnell and writer John Meston. ... Discovery Channel is a cable and satellite TV channel founded by John Hendricks which is distributed by Discovery Communications. ... Histeria! was an animated television series of the late-1990s, created by Tom Ruegger (who also created Tiny Toon Adventures, Animaniacs, and Pinky and the Brain) at Warner Bros. ... Howdy Doody was a childrens television program (with a decidedly frontier/western theme, although other themes also colored the show) that aired on NBC in the United States from 1947 until 1960. ... The Tall Men was a western television series that ran from 1960 to 1962 and featured Barry Sullivan as Pat Garrett and newcomer Clu Gulager as Billy the Kid in 75 fictionalized half-hour episodes about the relationship between the famous outlaw and the frontier sheriff who eventually killed him. ... Clu Gulager (born William Martin Galuger on November 16, 1928) is an American television and film actor of part Cherokee Indian descent. ... Barry Sullivan was a movie actor who appeared in over 100 movies from the 1930s to the 1980s. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... Treehouse of Horror XIII is the first episode of The Simpsons fourteenth season, as well as the thirteenth Halloween episode. ... The Time Tunnel is a 1966-1967 U.S. color science fiction TV series. ... Robert Walker, Jr. ... Look up maverick in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see James Garner (disambiguation). ...

Notes

  1. ^ The actual date is uncertain, see AboutBillytheKid.com
  2. ^ Trailing Billy the Kid, Philip J. Rasch, p. 126
  3. ^ http://www.wargs.com/political/romney.html
  4. ^ a b c d e Shadows of the Past, Inc., Looks at Billy the Kid
  5. ^ The Officer Down Memorial Page Remembers... Sheriff William Brady
  6. ^ The Officer Down Memorial Page Remembers... Deputy Sheriff George Hindman
  7. ^ The Officer Down Memorial Page Remembers... Deputy Sheriff James Carlysle
  8. ^ The Officer Down Memorial Page Remembers... Deputy Sheriff James W. Bell
  9. ^ The Officer Down Memorial Page Remembers... Deputy Marshal Robert Olinger
  10. ^ The History Channel - This Day in History
  11. ^ Billy the Kid: Myths and Truths
  12. ^ Jacobsen, 1997
  13. ^ Tucson Weekly - A New Billy the Kid?

References

  • Jon Tuska's 1983 biography Billy the Kid, A Handbook
  • The Old West: The Gunfighters, Paul Trachtman, Time Life Books, 1974.
  • The Saga of Billy the Kid, Walter Noble Burns.
  • Trailing Billy the Kid, By Philip J Rasch.
  • Billy the Kid: A Short and Violent Life, by Robert M. Utley, University of Nebraska Press, 1989.
  • DesertUSA: "The Desert's Baddest Boy"
  • The Last Escape of Billy the Kid
  • Michael Wallis, Billy the Kid: The Endless Ride ,ISBN 0393060683, publisher: W. W. Norton, New York, NY, 19 March 2007.
  • Joel Jacobsen, Such men as Billy the Kid: The Lincoln County War Reconsidered. 1997.

Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... Michael Wallis (b. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Billy the Kid
Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Billy the Kid
  • Findagrave: Billy the Kid
  • About Billy the Kid
  • Billy the Kid: Outlaw Legend
  • Billy the Kid and Posse?
  • Billy's gravestone
  • Court TV's Crime Library: Billy the Kid
  • Billy the Kid fanlisting
  • Wild West magazine, Billy the Kid: The Great Escape, Barbara Tucker Peterson and Louis Hart, August 1998
  • Wild West magazine, The Hunting of Billy the Kid, Frederick Nolan, June 2003
  • Wild West magazine, Billy the Kid and the U.S. Marshals Service, David S. Turk, February 2007 (issued December 2006)
  • Billy the Kid National Scenic Byway

  Results from FactBites:
 
[Billy the Kid] (3638 words)
Billy the Kid then said to me "Francisco, here are the saddle and trappings that I owe you." I then commanded [?] [Banche?] to do me the favor of bringing me the horse the Indian Armijo had been riding, in order that I might remove the saddle which was covered with blood.
Billy the Kid received an honorable discharge and would probably have gone straight from them on had it not been that at this juncture the District Court met and the Marfes swore a complaint against him and ordered sheriff Kimbrall to arrest him.
Billy then ordered another round of drinks and by this time Charley who was felling quite reckless began to shoot at the glasses not missing a single one until he came to Billy's.
Billy the Kid - MSN Encarta (219 words)
Billy the Kid (1859-1881), outlaw of the American Southwest, born Henry McCarty in New York City.
Billy the Kid spent much of his youth in the rough saloons of the frontier.
Shortly after his escape, Billy the Kid was trapped and fatally shot by Sheriff Garrett in Fort Sumner, New Mexico.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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