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Encyclopedia > Billy Martin
Billy Martin
Second Baseman/Manager
Born: May 16, 1928
Died: December 25, 1989 (aged 61)
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
April 18, 1950
for the New York Yankees
Final game
October 1, 1961
for the Minnesota Twins
Career statistics
AVG     .257
Hits     877
RBI     333
Teams

As Player The position of the second baseman Second base redirects here. ... New York Yankees manager Joe Torre returning to the dugout (September 2005). ... May 16 is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 6, 14, 29, 34, 42 Name Minnesota Twins (1961–present) Washington Nationals/Senators (1901-1960) Other nicknames The Twinkies Ballpark Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome 1982-present Metropolitan Stadium (1961-1981) Griffith Stadium (1903-1960... Batting average is a statistic in both cricket and baseball measuring the performance of cricket batsmen and baseball hitters, respectively. ... The term hit can refer to any of the following: in marketing, a success involving (sudden) popularity of and demand for a particular item, such as a song that reaches the hit parade in archery and in target shooting, striking the exact desired spot, commonly the center of a target... In baseball statistics, a run batted in (RBI) is given to a batter for each run scored as the result of a batters plate appearance. ...

As Manager Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... The following are the baseball events of the year 1950 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1957 throughout the world. ... The Oakland Athletics are a Major League Baseball team based in Oakland, California. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1957 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 5, 6, 16, 23, 42 Name Detroit Tigers (1901–present) Other nicknames The Bless You Boys Ballpark Comerica Park (2000–present) Tiger Stadium (1912-1999) Briggs Stadium (1938-1960) Navin Field (1912-1938) Bennett... The following are the events of the year 1958 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 5, 14, 18, 19, 21, 42, 455 Name Cleveland Indians (1915–present) Cleveland Naps (1905-1914) Cleveland Bronchos (1902-1904) Cleveland Blues (1901) Other nicknames The Tribe, The Redskins, The Wahoos Ballpark Jacobs Field... The following are the baseball events of the year 1959 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 5, 8, 10, 13, 18, 20, 24, 42 Name Cincinnati Reds (1958–present) Cincinnati Redlegs (1953-1958) Cincinnati Reds (1882-1953) Cincinnati Red Stockings (1876-1882) Other nicknames The Redlegs, The Big Red Machine... The following are the baseball events of the year 1960 throughout the world. ... The Atlanta Braves are a Major League Baseball team based in Atlanta, Georgia. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1961 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 6, 14, 29, 34, 42 Name Minnesota Twins (1961–present) Washington Nationals/Senators (1901-1960) Other nicknames The Twinkies Ballpark Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome 1982-present Metropolitan Stadium (1961-1981) Griffith Stadium (1903-1960... The following are the baseball events of the year 1961 throughout the world. ...

Career highlights and awards
  • All-star in 1956
  • 1953 Babe Ruth Award

Alfred Manuel "Billy" Martin (May 16, 1928December 25, 1989) was an American second baseman and manager in Major League Baseball. He is best known as the manager of the New York Yankees, a position he held five different times. He won two American League championships taking the Yankees to the World Series in 1976, getting swept by the Cincinnati Reds, and winning the 1977 World Series as their manager, and led four different AL teams to division championships. Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 6, 14, 29, 34, 42 Name Minnesota Twins (1961–present) Washington Nationals/Senators (1901-1960) Other nicknames The Twinkies Ballpark Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome 1982-present Metropolitan Stadium (1961-1981) Griffith Stadium (1903-1960... The following are the baseball events of the year 1969 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 5, 6, 16, 23, 42 Name Detroit Tigers (1901–present) Other nicknames The Bless You Boys Ballpark Comerica Park (2000–present) Tiger Stadium (1912-1999) Briggs Stadium (1938-1960) Navin Field (1912-1938) Bennett... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 31 - The new Special Veterans Committee selects seven men for enshrinement to the Hall of Fame: former players Dave Bancroft, Jake Beckley, Chick Hafey, Harry Hooper, Joe Kelley, Rube Marquard, and executive George Weiss. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January-March January 3 - A group of investors, headed by shipbuilder George Steinbrenner, purchases the New York Yankees from CBS for $10 million. ... Major league affiliations American League (1961–present) West Division (1972–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 26, 34, 42 Name Texas Rangers (1972–present) Washington Senators (1961-1971) Other nicknames None in common use Ballpark Rangers Ballpark in Arlington (1994–present) a. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January-March January 3 - A group of investors, headed by shipbuilder George Steinbrenner, purchases the New York Yankees from CBS for $10 million. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January-June January 23 - Ralph Kiner is elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January-June January 23 - Ralph Kiner is elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1979 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1983 throughout the world. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 7 - Outfielder Lou Brock and knuckleballer Hoyt Wilhelm are elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 12 - Former Pittsburgh Pirates slugger Willie Stargell is the only player elected this year to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9, 27, 34, 42, 43, (As) Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Other nicknames The As, The White Elephants, The... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 9 - Al Kaline and Duke Snider are elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 13 - Hank Aaron and Frank Robinson become the 12th and 13th players elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America in their first year of eligibility. ... May 16 is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... The position of the second baseman Second base redirects here. ... New York Yankees manager Joe Torre returning to the dugout (September 2005). ... MLB and Major Leagues redirect here. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... American League The American League (or formally the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States of America and Canada. ... 1977 World Series Logo The 1977 World Series matched the New York Yankees against the Los Angeles Dodgers, with the Yankees winning in six games to capture their first title since 1962, and their 21st overall. ...


As a manager, Martin was known for his ability to win, and for arguing animatedly with umpires, including a widely parodied routine in which he kicked dust on their feet, but he was criticized for not getting along with veteran players, burning out young pitchers, and for having a drinking problem.

Contents

Early life

Billy Martin was born to Joan and Alfred Martin in Berkeley, California. His father was of Portuguese ancestry,[1] his mother of Italian ancestry.[citation needed] Alfred's infidelities with University of California coeds soon led to their separation, and Billy was raised by his mother, who doted on her son, frequently calling him "bello," or "beautiful" in Italian. This was the origin of his nickname "Billy." Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northern California, in the United States. ... Sather tower (the Campanile) looking out over the San Francisco Bay and Mount Tamalpais. ...


Billy grew up playing baseball at a city park across the street from his home, James Kenney Park. Baseball pro and fellow Berkeley native Augie Galan lived nearby and would bring some of his professional friends to James Kenney Park in the off-season to practice. Kids in the neighborhood, including Martin, would come by to watch and learn. James J. Kenney (1869 – 1916) was the first fire chief in the city of Berkeley, California. ... August John (Augie) Galan (May 23, 1912 - December 28, 1993) was a left fielder in Major League Baseball. ...


While attending Berkeley High School, Billy tried out for and began playing for the Oakland Junior Oaks, affiliated with the Pacific Coast League's Oakland Oaks club. After graduation in 1946, he played for Idaho Falls in the Class D Pioneer League, hitting .254 in 32 games. Late in the 1947 season, Billy was signed to the Oakland Oaks of the Pacific Coast League, playing for that team in 1948 and 1949. Martin played for Casey Stengel, who was the manager of the Oakland Oaks in 1948. Stengel admired his aggressive play. When Stengel became manager in New York, he had the Yankees obtain Martin. Berkeley High School is the only public high school in Berkeley, California. ... For the American Basketball League team see: Oakland Oaks (ABL). ... The Pacific Coast League (PCL) is a minor league baseball league operating in the West and Midwest of the United States. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1948 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1949 throughout the world. ... Charles Dillon Casey Stengel (July 30, 1890 - September 29, 1975), nicknamed The Old Professor, was an American baseball player and manager from the early 1910s into the 1960s. ...


Playing career

Martin began his major league career in 1950 as a second baseman for the Yankees. As a player, Martin was known for making clutch plays. In the 1952 World Series, Martin made a game-saving catch on an infield popup in Game 7. The following are the baseball events of the year 1950 throughout the world. ... The 1952 World Series featured the three-time defending champion New York Yankees and the Brooklyn Dodgers, with the Yankees winning in 7 games for their fourth straight title – tying the mark they set between 1936 and 1939 – and the 15th in their history, and their third defeat...


In the 1953 season, Martin had career highs in home runs (15), RBIs (75), doubles (24), triples (6), and times hit by pitch (6). He was the MVP of the 1953 World Series, as he batted .500 with a .958 slugging percentage. In 1958, Martin led the league in sacrifice hits, with 13. The following are the events of the year 1953 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... The World Series MVP Award is given to the player who most contributes to his teams success in the World Series. ... The 1953 World Series matched the four-time defending champion New York Yankees against the Brooklyn Dodgers in a rematch of the 1952 Series. ... The following are the events of the year 1958 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... In baseball, a sacrifice hit (also called a sacrifice bunt) is the act of deliberately bunting the ball in a manner that allows a runner on base to advance to another base, while the batter is himself put out. ...


Martin was an All-Star in 1956. After his 1957 trade to the Kansas City Athletics (at the time, the baseball equivalent of being sent to Siberia), Martin's career declined and he had several short stints with six different teams. Because Martin blamed Casey Stengel for failing to prevent his trade to Kansas City, and despite their father-son relationship, Martin and Stengel didn't speak for years after the trade. During the last 4½ years of his playing career, Martin played for the Athletics, Detroit Tigers, Cleveland Indians, Cincinnati Reds, Milwaukee Braves and Minnesota Twins. The Major League Baseball All-Star Game, also popularly known as the Midsummer Classic, is an annual baseball game between players from the National League and the American League, currently selected by fan vote for the starting position players and by the respective managers (from the previous years World... September 30 Chicago White Sox pitcher Jim Derrington becomes the youngest pitcher in modern history to start a game. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1957 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9, 27, 34, 42, 43, (As) Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Other nicknames The As, The White Elephants, The... “Siberian” redirects here. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9, 27, 34, 42, 43, (As) Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Other nicknames The As, The White Elephants, The... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 5, 6, 16, 23, 42 Name Detroit Tigers (1901–present) Other nicknames The Bless You Boys Ballpark Comerica Park (2000–present) Tiger Stadium (1912-1999) Briggs Stadium (1938-1960) Navin Field (1912-1938) Bennett... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 5, 14, 18, 19, 21, 42, 455 Name Cleveland Indians (1915–present) Cleveland Naps (1905-1914) Cleveland Bronchos (1902-1904) Cleveland Blues (1901) Other nicknames The Tribe, The Redskins, The Wahoos Ballpark Jacobs Field... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 5, 8, 10, 13, 18, 20, 24, 42 Name Cincinnati Reds (1958–present) Cincinnati Redlegs (1953-1958) Cincinnati Reds (1882-1953) Cincinnati Red Stockings (1876-1882) Other nicknames The Redlegs, The Big Red Machine... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) East Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 21, 35, 41, 42, 44 Name Atlanta Braves (1966–present) Milwaukee Braves (1953-1965) Boston Braves (1941-1952) Boston Bees (1936-1940) Boston Braves (1912-1935) Boston Rustlers (1911) Boston Doves (1907-1910) Boston... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 6, 14, 29, 34, 42 Name Minnesota Twins (1961–present) Washington Nationals/Senators (1901-1960) Other nicknames The Twinkies Ballpark Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome 1982-present Metropolitan Stadium (1961-1981) Griffith Stadium (1903-1960...


Martin retired in 1961 with a career batting average of .257. He hit .333 in 28 World Series games for the Yankees. The following are the baseball events of the year 1961 throughout the world. ...


Altercations

Martin was well known for drinking to excess and for rowdy behavior when drinking. A month after a group of Yankees met at the famous Copacabana nightclub to celebrate Martin's 29th birthday, and where the party ended in a brawl, the Yankees traded Martin in mid season 1957. General manager George Weiss, believing Martin's nightlife was a bad influence on teammates Whitey Ford and Mickey Mantle, exiled him to the Kansas City Athletics. Copacabana is a famous New York City nightclub. ... Brawling (probably connected with Ger. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1957 throughout the world. ... In Major League Baseball, the General Manager of a team typically controls player transactions and bears the primary responsibility on behalf of the ballclub during contract discussions with players. ... George Martin Weiss (June 23, 1895 - August 13, 1972) was one of Major League Baseballs most successful executives. ... Edward Charles Whitey Ford (born October 21, 1928) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher. ... Mickey Charles Mantle (October 20, 1931 – August 13, 1995) was an American baseball player who was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1974. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9, 27, 34, 42, 43, (As) Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Other nicknames The As, The White Elephants, The...


On August 4, 1960, Martin, then playing for the Cincinnati Reds, charged the mound in the second inning after receiving a brushback pitch from Chicago Cubs pitcher Jim Brewer. Martin threw his bat at Brewer, who picked up the bat and started to hand it to Martin as he approached. Martin punched Brewer in the right eye, breaking his cheekbone. Brewer was hospitalized for two months, and Martin served a five-day suspension. The Cubs sued Martin for $1 million for the loss of Brewer's services. While the Cubs dropped their case, Brewer pursued his, and in 1969, a judge ordered Martin to pay $10,000 in damages. When informed of the judgment by the press, Billy asked sarcastically, "How do they want it? Cash or check?" is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1960 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 5, 8, 10, 13, 18, 20, 24, 42 Name Cincinnati Reds (1958–present) Cincinnati Redlegs (1953-1958) Cincinnati Reds (1882-1953) Cincinnati Red Stockings (1876-1882) Other nicknames The Redlegs, The Big Red Machine... In baseball, a brushback pitch is one thrown in such a way that the batter must move back to avoid it. ... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 10, 14, 23, 26, 42 Name Chicago Cubs (1902–present) Chicago Orphans (1898-1901) Chicago Colts (1890-1897) Chicago White Stockings (1870-1871, 1874-1889) (a. ... Topps baseball card - 1964 Series, #553 James Thomas (Jim) Brewer (November 17, 1937 - November 16, 1987) was a relief pitcher in Major League Baseball. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1969 throughout the world. ...


On September 22, 1985, Martin fought one of his pitchers, Ed Whitson, who broke one of Martin's arms. Martin's sparring opponents as a manager also included two traveling secretaries (Minnesota's Howard Fox and Texas' Burt Hawkins) in a fight outside of Howard Wong's in Bloomington, Minnesota; Jack Sears, a fan outside Tiger Stadium; a Chicago cab driver who preferred soccer to baseball; sportswriter Ray Hagar, in a Reno casino; marshmallow salesman Joseph Cooper; two bar patrons, in Anaheim and in Baltimore; and two bouncers in an Arlington topless bar. is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 7 - Outfielder Lou Brock and knuckleballer Hoyt Wilhelm are elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ... Eddie Lee (Ed) Whitson (born May 19, 1955 in Johnson City, Tennessee) is a former starting pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the Pittsburgh Pirates (1977-1979), San Francisco Giants (1979-1981), Cleveland Indians (1982), San Diego Padres (1983-1984, 1986-1991) and New York Yankees (1985-1986). ... location in Hennepin County, Minnesota Coordinates: Country United States State Minnesota County Hennepin Founded 1843 Incorporated 1858 Mayor Gene Winstead Area    - City 99. ... Tiger Stadium with football configuration. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... Football is a ball game played between two teams of eleven players, each attempting to win by scoring more goals than their opponent. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Location of Anaheim within Orange County, California Coordinates: , Country United States State California County Orange Government  - Mayor Curt Pringle Area  - City  50. ... Baltimore redirects here. ... Arlington is a city in Tarrant County, Texas (USA) within the Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington metropolitan area. ...

See also: Pine Tar Incident

The baseball bat used by Kansas City Royals third baseman George Brett in the Pine Tar Incident on July 24, 1983. ...

Managing career

Martin was the perfect short-term manager as his competitive fire and daring tactics won over fans, management, and players. This love affair was always brief—especially with the players and management—as his disdain for authority as well as players who dared disagree with him or did not reflect his fiery temperament, were bound to create clubhouse tension and organizational turmoil.


Minnesota Twins

Martin spent eight years (1962-69) in the Minnesota organization after his retirement as a player. He was a scout from 1962-64, the third-base coach of the Twins from 1965 through mid-June 1968, and manager of their AAA affiliate, the Denver Bears, for the last half of the 1968 campaign. He succeeded Cal Ermer as Minnesota's big-league manager following the '68 season. The following are the events of the year 1962 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1969 throughout the world. ... Professional sports scouts are trained talent evaluators who travel extensively for the purposes of watching athletes play their chosen sports and determining whether their set of skills and talents represent what is needed by the scouts organization. ... The following are the events of the year 1962 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1964 throughout the world. ... In the baseball game, the coach is a member of the team at bat stationed near first or third base to signal and direct the runners and batters. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1965 throughout the world. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1968 throughout the world. ... The Denver Bears were the AAA minor league baseball franchise in the Pacific Coast League in Denver, Colorado from 1948 until the team name was changed to the Denver Zephyrs. ... Calvin Coolidge Ermer (born November 10, 1923, in Baltimore, Maryland) is a scout for the Minnesota Twins and a former coach and manager in American Major League Baseball. ...


In 1969, Martin's only season as manager of the Twins, he won a division championship. He was fired after the season following an August 1969 fight in Detroit with one of his pitchers, Dave Boswell, in an alley outside the legendary Lindell A.C. bar. Martin spent the 1970 season out of baseball. The following are the baseball events of the year 1969 throughout the world. ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1969 throughout the world. ... “Detroit” redirects here. ... David Wilson Dave Boswell (January 20, 1945 in Baltimore, Maryland) was a Major League Baseball pitcher who played in the American League for the Minnesota Twins from 1964-1971. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1970 throughout the world. ...


Detroit Tigers (1971-1973)

Martin managed the Detroit Tigers from 1971 to 1973. He guided the team to a first place finish in 1972. During the 1972 American League Championship Series, Oakland A's' shortsop Bert Campaneris threw his bat at Detroit pitcher Lerrin LaGrow after being hit by a pitch. In the ensuing brawl, an infuriated Martin had to be restrained by umpires and teammates to prevent him from going after Campaneris. The Tigers would lose the series three games to two. Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 5, 6, 16, 23, 42 Name Detroit Tigers (1901–present) Other nicknames The Bless You Boys Ballpark Comerica Park (2000–present) Tiger Stadium (1912-1999) Briggs Stadium (1938-1960) Navin Field (1912-1938) Bennett... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 31 - The new Special Veterans Committee selects seven men for enshrinement to the Hall of Fame: former players Dave Bancroft, Jake Beckley, Chick Hafey, Harry Hooper, Joe Kelley, Rube Marquard, and executive George Weiss. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January-March January 3 - A group of investors, headed by shipbuilder George Steinbrenner, purchases the New York Yankees from CBS for $10 million. ... The following are the events of the year 1972 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... The 1972 American League Championship Series took place between October 7 and October 12 of 1972. ... Dagoberto Campaneris Blanco (born March 9, 1942 in Pueblo Nuevo, Cuba), best known as Bert Campaneris and nicknamed Campy, is a former shortstop in Major League Baseball who played for the Kansas City & Oakland Athletics (1964-76), Texas Rangers (1977-79), California Angels (1979_81) and New York Yankees (1983). ... Lerrin Harris LaGrow (July 8, 1948 - ) was a Major League Baseball pitcher who played 10 seasons in the major leagues with the Detroit Tigers (1970, 1972-1975), St. ...


While posing for a baseball card as the manager for the Detroit Tigers in 1972, Martin gave photographers the middle finger. The gesture went unnoticed until after the card's release. The finger. ...


Martin also played a key role in the discovery of Ron LeFlore in a Michigan state prison. Martin was lured to Michigan State Prison by another inmate who knew Martin. The unorthodox Martin witnessed LeFlore's speed and strength. Martin helped LeFlore get permission for day-parole and a try out at Tiger Stadium. In the summer of 1973, the Tigers signed him to a contract, which enabled LeFlore to meet the conditions for parole. Martin, the man who gave LeFlore his break, was fired in August of that same year for telling Tiger pitchers to throw at opposing hitters. In 1978, Martin played himself in the CBS TV movie "One in a Million: The Ron LeFlore Story." Ronald LeFlore (born June 16, 1948, in Detroit, Michigan) is a former Major League Baseball outfielder. ... Tiger Stadium with football configuration. ...


Texas Rangers

Martin's next managerial job was with the Texas Rangers, where he took the club from last place to second place in 1974, but was fired in 1975. Major league affiliations American League (1961–present) West Division (1972–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 26, 34, 42 Name Texas Rangers (1972–present) Washington Senators (1961-1971) Other nicknames None in common use Ballpark Rangers Ballpark in Arlington (1994–present) a. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1974 throughout the world. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January-June January 23 - Ralph Kiner is elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ...


First stint with the Yankees

Martin was hired Yankees' manager in 1975, and took the Yankees to the World Series in 1976 and 1977, winning in 1977. He feuded publicly with both Yankee owner George Steinbrenner and star outfielder Reggie Jackson. In one especially infamous incident, on June 18, 1977, in the middle game of what would prove to be a three-game series sweep by the Boston Red Sox at Fenway Park, Martin pulled Jackson off the field in mid-inning for failing to hustle on a ball hit to the outfield. The extremely angry and highly animated Martin had to be restrained by his coaches from getting into a fight with Jackson in the dugout during the the nationally-televised Saturday afternoon game. This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January-June January 23 - Ralph Kiner is elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ... For other events named World Series, see World Series (disambiguation). ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 14 - Ted Turner completes the purchase of 100 percent of the Atlanta Braves. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1977 throughout the world. ... 1977 World Series Logo The 1977 World Series matched the New York Yankees against the Los Angeles Dodgers, with the Yankees winning in six games to capture their first title since 1962, and their 21st overall. ... George Michael Steinbrenner III (born July 4, 1930 in Rocky River, Ohio), often known as The Boss, is an American businessman and the principal owner of Major League Baseballs New York Yankees. ... Reginald Martinez Reggie Jackson (born May 18, 1946), nicknamed Mr. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1977 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 4, 8, 9, 27, 42 Name Boston Red Sox (1908–present) Boston Americans (1901-1907) Other nicknames The BoSox, The Olde Towne Team, The Sox Ballpark Fenway Park (1912–present) Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds... “Fenway” redirects here. ... The Major League Baseball Game of the Week is the defacto title for over-the-air, nationally televised, coverage of regular season Major League Baseball games. ...


After a 1978 incident with Reggie Jackson in which Martin suspended Jackson for bunting against orders, Martin was forced to resign after telling reporters, "They deserve each other. One's a born liar [Jackson], and the other's convicted [Steinbrenner]." (Martin was referring to Steinbrenner's conviction for making illegal donations to Richard Nixon's 1972 election campaign.) It has been said that Steinbrenner forced Martin out as a result of the remark. Bob Lemon was named Yankees manager. Soon afterward, at the annual Old-Timers' Game at Yankee Stadium, in a grandstanding gesture, the Yankees had public address announcer Bob Sheppard introduce an unemployed Martin as the Yankees' next manager for the 1980 season (with Lemon moving to the front office). Steinbrenner and Martin had apparently patched up their differences, but Lemon managed the team for the rest of 1978. The following are the baseball events of the year 1978 throughout the world. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... (Redirected from 1972 U.S. presidential election) Democratic nomination Democratic Candidates Shirley Chisholm, U.S. representative from New York Fred Harris, U.S. senator from Oklahoma Hubert Humphrey, U.S. senator from Minnesota, former vice president, and 1968 presidential nominee Henry Scoop Jackson, U.S. senator from Washington John Lindsay... Robert Granville Lemon (September 22, 1920 - January 11, 2000) was an American right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball. ... Robert Leo Sheppard, (born October 12, 1910) has been the public address announcer for the New York Yankees of Major League Baseball since 1951, and was for the New York Giants of the National Football League from 1956 to 2006. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 9 - Al Kaline and Duke Snider are elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ...


Second stint with the Yankees

In 1979, the Yankees got off to a slow start under Lemon. Injuries to Reggie Jackson and Goose Gossage as well as the tragic death of Thurman Munson mid-season had the Yankees reeling. Steinbrenner fired Lemon and brought back Martin earlier than previously planned. The Yankees failed to improve, however, and their streak of American League East division titles ended at three. After the 1979 season, Martin got into his now-infamous fight with marshmallow salesman Joseph Cooper at a hotel in Minneapolis. Steinbrenner fired him after that and replaced him with Dick Howser for the 1980 season. The following are the baseball events of the year 1979 throughout the world. ... Reginald Martinez Reggie Jackson (born May 18, 1946), nicknamed Mr. ... Richard Michael Goose Gossage (born July 5, 1951 in Colorado Springs, Colorado) is a former relief pitcher in Major League Baseball who played 21 seasons for nine different teams before retiring in 1994. ... Thurman Lee Munson (June 7, 1947 – August 2, 1979) was an American catcher in Major League Baseball who played with the New York Yankees from 1969 to 1979. ... For the plant, see Althaea (genus). ... Richard Dalton (Dick) Howser (May 14, 1936 - June 17, 1987) was an American Major League Baseball shortstop and manager. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 9 - Al Kaline and Duke Snider are elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ...


Oakland Athletics

Martin resurfaced with the Oakland Athletics, where he perfected a style of play that became known as "Billyball" (characterized as featuring aggressive base running). Martin won the American League West Division title in the split season of 1981, swept the Royals in the special division series (due to a players' strike-action), and then met up with the Yankees in the 1981 ALCS where his A's were swept by the Yankees. Martin's early success with the A's led to his designation as the club's general manager—giving him control over the baseball operations of the entire Oakland organization in 1981. Martin was fired from both positions when the 1982 Athletics plummeted to a 68-94 record. Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9, 27, 34, 42, 43, (As) Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Other nicknames The As, The White Elephants, The... The following are the baseball events of the year 1981 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations American League (1969–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 10, 20, 42 Name Kansas City Royals (1969–present) Other nicknames The Boys in Blue Ballpark Kauffman Stadium (1973–present) a. ... The 1981 American League Division Series matched the Oakland Athletics against the Kansas City Royals and the New York Yankees against the Milwaukee Brewers to determine the winners of the two divisions. ... The 1981 baseball strike was the fifth work stoppage since 1972. ... The 1981 American League Championship Series was a best-of-five series between the New York Yankees and the Oakland Athletics. ... In Major League Baseball, the General Manager of a team typically controls player transactions and bears the primary responsibility on behalf of the ballclub during contract discussions with players. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 13 - Hank Aaron and Frank Robinson become the 12th and 13th players elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America in their first year of eligibility. ...


Remaining stints with the Yankees

Martin returned to the New York Yankees in 1983, 1985, and 1988, but never for more than one full season. During his years as a major league manager, Art Fowler usually served as his pitching coach. Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... The following are the baseball events of the year 1983 throughout the world. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 7 - Outfielder Lou Brock and knuckleballer Hoyt Wilhelm are elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 12 - Former Pittsburgh Pirates slugger Willie Stargell is the only player elected this year to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ... John Arthur Fowler (born July 3, 1922 in Converse, South Carolina) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher. ... In the baseball game, the coach is a member of the team at bat stationed near first or third base to signal and direct the runners and batters. ...


At the time of his death, Martin was preparing to manage the Yankees yet again for the 1990 season. The following are the baseball events of the year 1990 throughout the world. ...


Honors and References

Billy Martin's number 1 was retired by the New York Yankees in 1986

On August 10, 1986, the Yankees retired Martin's uniform number 1 and dedicated a plaque in his honor for Monument Park at Yankee Stadium. The plaque contains the words, There has never been a greater competitor than Billy. Martin told the crowd, "I may not have been the greatest Yankee to put on the uniform, but I am the proudest." Image File history File links YankeesRetired1. ... Image File history File links YankeesRetired1. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 8 - Willie McCovey is the only player elected this year to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America, and becomes the 16th player elected in his first year of eligibility. ... In team sports, the squad number, shirt number, jersey number, sweater number, or uniform number is the number worn on a players outfit. ... Monument Park is the name of several places: In the United States Monument Park, Colorado Monument Park (Yankee Stadium); an open-air baseball museum at Yankee Stadium, New York Monument Park can also refer to Colorado National Monument, an American National Park In South Africa Monument Park, South Africa Monument... This is about the stadium the New York Yankees currently play in. ...


As a tribute, the Florida Marlins called their mascot Billy the Marlin. (The name is also derived from the fact that another name for a marlin is a bill-fish.) Major league affiliations National League (1993–present) East Division (1993–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 42 Name Florida Marlins (1993–present) Other nicknames The Fish Ballpark Dolphin Stadium (1993–present) a. ... Millie, once mascot of the City of Brampton, is now the Brampton Arts Councils representative. ... Billy the Marlin is the official mascot of the Florida Marlins baseball organization. ...


Many of his contemporaries have remarked on Martin's ability to surprise the opposition and his outside-the-box thinking. Commenting on Martin's strategy as a manager, Dave Winfield has stated that opposing players would often ask each other, "What's Billy doing now?" George Steinbrenner has stated than when Martin was in his best form, he was a "baseball genius." He has also been cited as an influence to other prominent managers, including Lou Piniella. (Ironically, Martin would, eventually, both precede and succeed Piniella as Yankees manager.) David Mark Winfield (born October 3, 1951, in St. ... George Michael Steinbrenner III (born July 4, 1930 in Rocky River, Ohio), often known as The Boss, is an American businessman and the principal owner of Major League Baseballs New York Yankees. ... Louis Victor Piniella (born August 28, 1943, in Tampa, Florida) is the current manager of the Chicago Cubs and a former Major League Baseball outfielder. ...


His frequent firings—and threats of being fired—were lampooned in a '70's Miller Lite beer commercial in which Steinbrenner tells Martin "You're fired!" to which Martin replies "Oh, no, not again!" After Martin's real-life rehiring, the commercial was resurrected, only with Steinbrenner's line redubbed to say "You're hired!" In the Seinfeld episode ("The Wink"), George Steinbrenner mentions all of the people he has fired, the fictional Steinbrenner says Billy Martin's name four times. Miller Lite is the name of a popular pilsner beer sold by Miller Brewing Company of Milwaukee, Wisconsin with a 4. ... This article is about the sitcom. ... The Wink is an episode of NBC sitcom Seinfeld. ...


In the film Ocean's Thirteen, a "Billy Martin" is used as a nickname for a second chance, presumably to make amends and do the right thing before being pursued in justified retaliation. This article or section contains a plot summary that is overly long or excessively detailed compared to the rest of the article. ...


On the TV show "Bizarre," the turbulent Yankee manager situation was parodied by having press conferences every 10 minutes hiring or firing a fictitious Yankees manager named "Martin Billy Lemon" (combining the names of Yankee managers Bob Lemon and Billy Martin). Martin also appeared on the show in person as manager of the A's, where the fictitious character "SuperDave Osborn" (known for doing humorous and ill-fated dangerous stunts) did a stunt where he had to say a bunch of insults at Billy Martin and "deal" with Martin's reaction, which was violent of course.


On 24 May 1986, on the season finale of Saturday Night Live, co-host Martin was "fired" by executive producer Lorne Michaels for being "drunk" in a skit, slurring his lines. During the goodnights, Martin "sets fire" to the dressing room in retaliation.[2] (Only three cast members would be re-hired the next season.) In 1988, on Saturday Night Live's Weekend Update, comedian Dennis Miller opened the sports with, "In Calgary tonight, Katarina Witt won the gold medal in figure skating, prompting Yankees owner George Steinbrenner to fire manager Billy Martin." This article is about the American television series. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Lorne Michaels (born Lorne Michael Lipowitz on November 17, 1944) is an Emmy-winning Canadian-born television producer, writer and comedian best known for creating and producing Saturday Night Live and producing the various film and TV projects that spun off from it. ... Weekend Update is a Saturday Night Live sketch which comments on and parodies current events. ... Dennis Miller (born November 3, 1953) is an American Emmy Award-winning comedian, political commentator, television personality, and talk radio host. ...


In the 1994 movie "The Scout," Albert Brooks wants a psychiatrist to send a letter to George Steinbrenner, and adds that it might be nice to put "sorry about Billy Martin" in the closing. When the psychiatrist wonders who Billy Martin is, Brooks replies "Oh, just some guy he kept firing until he finally died." The Scout (1994) is a motion picture starring Brendan Fraser and Albert Brooks and directed by Michael Ritchie, the director of The Bad News Bears. ... Albert Brooks (born July 22, 1947 as Albert Lawrence Einstein) is an Academy Award nominated American actor, writer, comedian and director. ...


Martin was played by John Turturro in the 2007 ESPN mini-series The Bronx is Burning which follows the tumultuous summer of 1977 in New York. John Michael Turturro (born February 28, 1957) is an Emmy Award-winning American actor noted for his performances in To Live and Die in L.A. (1985), The Color of Money (1986), Five Corners (1987), Men of Respect (1991), Monday Night Mayhem (1999), Secret Window (2004), The Bronx is Burning... The year 2007 in television involves some significant events. ... ESPN/ESPN-DT, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an [[United States|Amer<nowiki>Insert non-formatted text here--68. ... The Bronx Is Burning is a television drama that debuted on ESPN on July 9, 2007 following the 2007 MLB Home Run Derby. ...


Death

Billy Martin's grave in Cemetery of the Gate of Heaven.

Martin was working as a special consultant to Steinbrenner when he was killed in a one-car crash in Binghamton, New York, on Christmas Day in 1989. Martin had been drinking heavily with his friend, William Reedy, who was driving the pick-up at the time of the accident. When Martin was killed, the media reported that he was a passenger in his pickup truck. However, Peter Golenbock, in his book Wild, High, and Tight: The Life and Death of Billy Martin, makes the case that Martin was the driver and that his wife and Reedy covered up the truth. According to the HBO TV series Autopsy, [3] forensic pathologist Dr. Michael Baden performed the autopsy on Martin and investigated the accident scene, including the pick-up truck in which Martin died. The autopsy revealed that Martin's impact injuries were all on the right side, and that hair and other DNA found on the right side of the shattered windshield belonged to Martin, who was not wearing a seatbelt at the time of the accident. The conclusion of the autopsy study was that Reedy drove the pick-up. Image File history File linksMetadata Billy_Martin_best_800. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Billy_Martin_best_800. ... The Cemetery of the Gate of Heaven, approximately 25 miles north of New York City, was established in 1917 at 10 West Stevens Ave. ... Binghamton is a city located in the Southern Tier of New York in the United States. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... The best selling North American pickup truck, the Ford F-Series. ... For other uses, see HBO (disambiguation). ... Autopsy is a television subseries of HBOs America Undercover documentary series. ... Dr. Michael Baden is a board-certified forensic pathologist and medical doctor. ...


Billy Martin was eulogized by John Cardinal O'Connor at St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York, before his funeral at Gate of Heaven Cemetery in Hawthorne, New York. His grave is located about 150 feet from the grave of Babe Ruth. The following epitaph by Billy Martin himself appears on the headstone: I may not have been the greatest Yankee to put on the uniform but I was the proudest. Former President of the United States Richard Nixon attended Martin's funeral. John Cardinal OConnor John Joseph Cardinal OConnor, (January 15, 1920 – May 3, 2000) was the eleventh bishop (eighth archbishop) of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York, serving from 1984 until his death in 2000. ... St. ... The upper entrance to Gate of Heaven Cemetery The new indoor building of Our Lady Queen of Peace Mausoleum Saint Francis of Assisi Chapel and Garden Mausoleum The Gothic Bridge at Gate of Heaven Cemetery The Gate of Heaven Cemetery, approximately 25 miles north of New York City, was established... -1... For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ...


See also

Only man to die sliding into home. Individuals who have been elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame are indicated with a β. // Team owners Baltimore Orioles (1901-02) Calvin Chan, 1901-02 New York Yankees William Devery, co-owner 1903-15 Frank Farrell, co-owner 1903-15 Tillinghast LHommedieu Huston, 1915-23 Jacob Ruppert, co-owner... The Bay Area Sports Hall of Fame honors sports figures who have made a significant impact in the San Francisco Bay Area. ...


References

  1. ^ [1] Billy Martin's father from the Azores Portugal, later migrated to Hawaii
  2. ^ SNL Transcript, 24 May 1986.
  3. ^ Autopsy: Billy Martin
  • The Golden Game: The Story of California Baseball, by Kevin Nelson, California Historical Society Press, San Francisco (2004), pp.242-254.

External links

http://www.bronxisburning.com/

Preceded by
Johnny Mize
Babe Ruth Award
1953
Succeeded by
Dusty Rhodes
Preceded by
Cal Ermer
Minnesota Twins Manager
1969
Succeeded by
Bill Rigney
Preceded by
Mayo Smith
Detroit Tigers Manager
1970–1973
Succeeded by
Joe Schultz
Preceded by
Whitey Herzog
Texas Rangers Manager
1973–1975
Succeeded by
Frank Lucchesi
Preceded by
Bill Virdon
New York Yankees Manager
1975–1978
Succeeded by
Bob Lemon
Preceded by
Bob Lemon
New York Yankees Manager
1979
Succeeded by
Dick Howser
Preceded by
Jim Marshall
Oakland Athletics Manager
1980-1982
Succeeded by
Steve Boros
Preceded by
Charlie Finley
Oakland Athletics General Manager
19811982
Succeeded by
Sandy Alderson
Preceded by
Clyde King
New York Yankees Manager
1983
Succeeded by
Yogi Berra
Preceded by
Yogi Berra
New York Yankees Manager
1985
Succeeded by
Lou Piniella
Preceded by
Lou Piniella
New York Yankees Manager
1988
Succeeded by
Dallas Green

  Results from FactBites:
 
Billy Martin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1046 words)
Martin retired in 1961 with a career batting average of.257.
Billy Martin's grave in Cemetery of the Gate of Heaven
Billy Martin was eulogized by John Cardinal O'Connor at St.
William Dean Martin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (386 words)
William Dean Martin (aka Billy Martin), born June 15, 1981, is the guitar/guitarist and keyboard synthesizer/keyboardist for Good Charlotte.
Billy Martin is a vegetarian and is a huge animal lover and is active in the animal rights organization PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals).
Billy has a website for all of his art (the second link in the URL section to the right) and a clothing line with his long-time best friend, Steve Sievers, the site is called "Bloodzilla".
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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