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Encyclopedia > Billy Bragg
Billy Bragg
At a store promoting Must I Paint You a Picture, Borders Bookshop, Oxford Street, December 2003
At a store promoting Must I Paint You a Picture, Borders Bookshop, Oxford Street, December 2003
Background information
Birth name Stephen William Bragg
Born December 20, 1957 (1957-12-20) (age 49)
Essex, England, UK
Genre(s) Anti-folk, Folk-rock, Alternative rock
Instrument(s) Vocals, Guitar
Years active 1977-present
Associated
acts
The Blokes
Wilco
Website billybragg.co.uk

Stephen William Bragg (born December 20, 1957 in Essex, England), better known as Billy Bragg, is an English musician who blends elements of folk music, punk rock and protest songs. His lyrics mostly deal with political or romantic themes. His music career has lasted more than 20 years, and he has collaborated with Johnny Marr, Leon Rosselson, members of R.E.M., Michelle Shocked, Less Than Jake, Kirsty MacColl, and Wilco. Bragg often plays and speaks at the Tolpuddle Martyrs festival. Bragg Close, in Dagenham is named in his honour.[1][2] Billy Bragg at Borders, London Oxford Street, December 2003. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Borders Group (NYSE: BGP) is an international bookseller based in Ann Arbor, Michigan. ... Oxford Street, with Centre Point in the background Oxford Street in 1875, looking west from the junction with Duke Street. ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... For other meanings of Essex, see Essex (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Anti-folk (or antifolk) is a genre of music related to punk rock and American folk music that originated in the mid-1980s in New York City. ... Folk rock is a musical genre, combining elements of folk music and rock music. ... Alternative music redirects here. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... In music a singer or vocalist is a type of musician who sings, i. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... This article is about the music group. ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the county of Essex in England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Folk song redirects here. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... A protest song is a song which protests perceived problems in society. ... Johnny Marr (born John Martin Maher on 31 October 1963 in Ardwick, Manchester) is a prolific English guitarist, keyboardist, harmonica player and singer. ... Leon Rosselson (b. ... R.E.M. is an American rock band formed in Athens, Georgia in 1980 by Bill Berry (drums), Peter Buck (guitar), Mike Mills (bass guitar), and Michael Stipe (vocals). ... Michelle Shocked (born Karen Michelle Johnston, 24 February 1962, in Dallas, Texas) is a U.S. singer-songwriter whose music and performances are influenced by her Texas roots, her political activism, and a self-assured style that her first major label producer likened to troubadours such as Joni Mitchell, Spider... Less Than Jake is an American ska punk band from Gainesville, Florida. ... Kirsty Anna MacColl (10 October 1959 – 18 December 2000) was an English singer-songwriter. ... This article is about the music group. ... Billy Bragg in 2004. ... Dagenham is a suburban town in east London, in the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham, situated 12 miles (19. ...

Contents

Career

In 1977, Bragg formed a punk rock/pub rock band called Riff Raff, and toured London's pubs and clubs. The band released a series of singles, which did not receive wide exposure. He also worked for a record store in Essex. Bragg became disillusioned with his music career, and in May 1981 he joined the British Army as a trooper in the Queen's Royal Irish Hussars of the Royal Armoured Corps. After a few months, he bought his way out of the army for £175 and returned home. Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Pub rock was a mid- to late-1970s musical movement, largely centred around North London and South East Essex, particularly Canvey Island and Southend on Sea. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Queens Royal Irish Hussars, normally reffered to by the abbriviation QRIH, was a United Kingdom cavalry regiment formed from the amalgamation of the 4th Queens Own Hussars and the 8th Kings Royal Irish Hussars in Hohne, Germany in 1958. ... The Royal Armoured Corps (RAC) is currently a collection of ten regular regiments, mostly converted from old horse cavalry regiments, and four Yeomanry regiments of the Territorial Army. ... GBP redirects here. ...


Bragg began constantly performing concerts and busking around London; playing solo with an electric guitar. His demo tape initially got no response from the record industry, but by pretending to be a television repair man, he got into the office of Charisma Records' A&R man Peter Jenner.[3] Jenner liked the tape, but the company was near bankruptcy and he had no budget to sign new artists. Bragg got an offer to record more demos for a music publisher, so Jenner agreed to release them as a record. Life's a Riot with Spy Vs. Spy was released in July 1983 by Charisma's new imprint, Utility. Hearing DJ John Peel mention on-air that he was hungry, Bragg rushed to the BBC with a mushroom biryani, so Peel played a song from Life's a Riot, although at the wrong speed (since the 12" LP was, unconventionally, cut to play at 45rpm).[3] Peel insisted he would have played the song even without the biryani, and he later played it at the correct speed. Busking is the practice of doing live performances in public places to entertain people, usually to solicit donations and tips. ... Charisma Records was a record label started by former journalist Tony Stratton-Smith in 1969. ... In the music industry, Artists and Repertoire (A&R) is the division of a record label company that is responsible for scouting and artist development. ... Peter Jenner is a British manager of rock bands and acts, and a record producer. ... Notice of closure stuck on the door of a computer store the day after its parent company, Granville Technology Group Ltd, declared bankruptcy (strictly, put into administration—see text) in the United Kingdom. ... Billy Braggs first studio album, released in 1983, was more of an EP than an album as it contained only seven songs. ... For other persons named John Peel, see John Peel (disambiguation). ... Iraqi Biryani (as served in Amman, Jordan) The name biryani or biriani (Urdu بریانی ;Hindi बिरयानी) is derived[1] from the Persian word beryā(n) (بریان) which means fried or roasted. Biryani is a family of Middle Eastern, Southern Asian dishes made from a mixture of spices, rice (usually basmati), meat/vegetables and...


Within months, Charisma had been taken over by Virgin Records, and Jenner, who had been laid off, became Bragg's manager. Stiff Records' press officer Andy Macdonald — who was setting up his own record label, Go! Discs — received copy of Life's a Riot. He made Virgin an offer, and the album was re-released on Go! Discs in November, 1983. In 1984 he released Brewing Up with Billy Bragg, a mixture of political statements ("It Says Here") and songs of unrequited love ("The Saturday Boy"). The following year he released Between the Wars, an EP of political songs that included a cover version of Leon Rosselson's "Diggers' Song", re-titled "The World Turned Upside Down". Bragg later collaborated with Rosselson on the song "Ballad of the Spycatcher". In 1985, his song "A New England", with an additional verse, became a top ten hit in the UK for Kirsty MacColl. After MacColl's early death, Bragg always sang the extra verse, in her honour. (Back to Basics is a 1987 collection of the first three releases: Life's A Riot With Spy Vs. Spy, Brewing Up with Billy Bragg, and the EP Between The Wars.) Virgin Records was a British recording label founded by English entrepreneur Richard Branson, and Nik Powell in 1972. ... Music management refers to the business of managing music acts. ... Stiff Records logo Stiff Records is a record label created in London in 1976 by entrepreneurs Dave Robinson and Andrew Jakeman (aka Jake Riviera), and active until 1985. ... Go! Discs is an independent record label based in the United Kingdom. ... Second album by Billy Bragg, released in 1984. ... Leon Rosselson (b. ... The Diggers Song (also known as Levellers and Diggers) is a 17th century ballad, in terms of content a protest song concerned with land rights, inspired by the Diggers movement, composed by Gerrard Winstanley. ... Kirsty Anna MacColl (10 October 1959 – 18 December 2000) was an English singer-songwriter. ... This album, released in 1987, was a collection of Billy Braggs released work up to Feburary 1985; Namely the albums Lifes A Riot With Spy Vs. ...


In 1986, Bragg released Talking with the Taxman about Poetry, which became his first top ten album. Its title is taken from a poem by Vladimir Mayakovsky, and a translated version of the poem was printed on the record's inner sleeve. Bragg released his fourth album, Workers Playtime in September 1988. With this album, Bragg added a backing band and accompaniment. In May 1990, Bragg released the political mini-LP The Internationale. The songs were, in part, a return to his solo guitar style, but some songs featured more complicated arrangements and included a brass band. The album paid tribute to one of Bragg's influences, with the song "I Dreamed I Saw Phil Ochs Last Night". It is an adapted version of "I Dreamed I Saw Joe Hill Last Night". Talking with the Taxman About Poetry is the third album by Billy Bragg, released in 1986 (see 1986 in music). ... Portrait of Vladimir Mayakovsky Vladimir Vladimirovich Mayakovsky (Влади́мир Влади́мирович Маяко́вский) (July 19 [O.S. July 7] 1893 – April 14, 1930) was a Russian poet, among the foremost representatives of early-20th century Futurism. ... Workers playtime is a 1988 album by Billy Bragg. ... The Internationale is a 1990 mini-album by Billy Bragg, originally released on Braggs short-lived record label, Utility Records. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... A brass band a musical group consisting mostly or entirely of brass instruments, often with a percussion section. ... Philip David Ochs (December 19, 1940–April 9, 1976) was a U.S. protest singer (or, as he preferred, a topical singer), songwriter, musician and recording artist who was known for his sharp wit, sardonic humor, earnest humanism, political activism, insightful and alliterative lyrics, and haunting voice. ... Joe Hill, born Joel Emmanuel Hägglund, and also known as Joseph Hillström (October 7, 1879 – November 19, 1915) was a radical songwriter, labor activist and member of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), also known as the Wobblies. ...


The album Don't Try This at Home was released in September 1991, and included the song "Sexuality", which made it into the UK Singles Chart. Bragg had been persuaded by Go! Discs' Andy and Juliet Macdonald to sign a four-album deal with a million pound advance, and a promise to promote the album with singles and videos. This gamble was not rewarded with extra sales, and the situation put the company in financial difficulty. In exchange for ending the contract early and repaying a large amount of the advance, Bragg regained all rights to his back catalogue. Bragg continued to promote the album with his backing band the Red Stars, which included his Riff Raff colleague and long-time roadie, Wiggy. Dont Try This At Home was a reality show produced by LWT (In association with Golden Square Pictures) for ITV between 1998 and 2001. ... Sexuality is the ninth track on Billy Braggs 1991 album, Dont Try This at Home. ... “British Hit Singles” redirects here. ...


Bragg released the album William Bloke in 1996 after taking time off to help raise his son. Around that time, Nora Guthrie (daughter of American folk artist Woody Guthrie) asked Bragg to set some of her father's unrecorded lyrics to music. The result was a collaboration with the band Wilco and Natalie Merchant (with whom Bragg had worked previously). They released the album Mermaid Avenue in 1998 and Mermaid Avenue Vol. II in 2000. A rift with Wilco over mixing and sequencing of the album led to Bragg recruiting his own band, The Blokes, to promote the album. The Blokes included keyboardist Ian McLagan, who had been a member of Bragg's boyhood heroes The Faces. At the 2005 Beautiful Days Festival in Devon, Bragg teamed up with the Levellers to perform a short set of songs by The Clash in celebration of Joe Strummer's birthday. Bragg performed guitar and lead vocals in Police and Thieves, and performed guitar and backing vocals in "English Civil War" and "Police on my Back". Fifth album by alternative folk artist Billy Bragg, released in 1996. ... Woodrow Wilson Guthrie (July 14, 1912–October 3, 1967) was a prolific American songwriter and folk musician. ... This article is about the music group. ... Merchant in 1984 Natalie Anne OShea Merchant (born October 26, 1963 in Jamestown, New York, U.S.) is a professional musician. ... Cover of Mermaid Avenue (1998) Mermaid Avenue is a 1998 album of previously unheard lyrics written by American folk singer Woody Guthrie, put to music written and performed by British singer Billy Bragg and the American band Wilco. ... The rest of the recording sessions from recordings of obscure Woodie Guthrie songs. ... Ian McLagan is a British keyboards player, best known as a member of The Small Faces in the 1960s and The Faces in the 1970s. ... Small Faces album cover Faces were an early 1970s rock band formed in 1969 from the ashes of The Small Faces after Steve Marriott left to form Humble Pie; new members Ron Wood (guitar) and Rod Stewart (vocals) (both from The Jeff Beck Group) joined Ronnie Lane (bass), Ian McLagan... The Beautiful Days is a music festival that takes place in August at Escot Park, Ottery St Mary, Devon. ... Part of the seafront of Torquay, south Devon, at high tide Devon is a large county in South West England, bordered by Cornwall to the west, and Dorset and Somerset to the east. ... The Levellers are a popular English band that plays Folk-rock or Indie rock influenced by Punk and traditional English music. ... This article is about the English rock band. ... For other persons named John Mellor, see John Mellor (disambiguation). ... Police and Thieves is a song most identified with both the man who co-wrote and originally produced the song, Lee Scratch Perry and with English punk rock band The Clash. ...


In 2007, Bragg moved closer to his English Folk music roots by joining the WOMAD-inspired collective The Imagined Village, who recorded an album of updated versions of traditional English songs and dances and toured through that autumn. World of Music, Arts and Dance (WOMAD) is a festival started in England in 1982. ... The Imagined Village is an album by various artists on Real World Records. ...


Politics

Billy Bragg at Bestival 2007
Billy Bragg at Bestival 2007

Bragg has been involved with grassroots political movements, and this is often reflected in his lyrics. Bragg backed the 1984 miners' strike, and the following year he joined the left-wing group Red Wedge, which promoted the Labour Party and discouraged young people from voting for the Conservative Party in the 1987 general election. Following the defeat of Labour candidate Neil Kinnock and the repeated victory of Margaret Thatcher and her Conservative government, Bragg joined Charter88 to push for a total reform of the British political system. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,304 × 3,072 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,304 × 3,072 pixels, file size: 1. ... The miners strike of 1984-5 was a major piece of industrial action affecting the British coal industry. ... Left wing redirects here. ... Red Wedge was a collective of UK musical artists who attempted to inform younger voters of the Labour Partys policies during the period leading up to the 1987 General Election. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Margaret Thatcher David Steel Election 1987 Titles The United Kingdom general election of 1987 was held on 11 June 1987 and was the third consecutive victory for the Conservative Party under the leadership of Margaret Thatcher. ... Neil Gordon Kinnock, Baron Kinnock, PC (born 28 March 1942) is a British politician. ... Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS (née Roberts; born 13 October 1925) served as British Prime Minister from 1979 to 1990 and leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 until 1990, being the first and only woman to hold either post. ... Charter88 is a British pressure group that advocates constitutional and electoral reform and owes its origins to the lack of a written constitution in the United Kingdom. ...


During the 1980s, Bragg travelled to the Soviet Union a few times, after Mikhail Gorbachev had started to promote Perestroika and Glasnost. During one trip, he was accompanied by MTV, and during another trip he was filmed for the 1998 mini documentary Mr Bragg Goes to Moscow, by Hannu Puttonen. The film shows Bragg as being prepared to go anywhere, guitar in hand; even to factories, where he was introduced as a performer of "Western pop music". Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev[1] (Russian: , IPA: ; born 2 March 1931) is a Russian politician. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... //   (Russian: IPA: ) is politics of maximal openness, transparency of activity of all official (governmental) institutes, and freedom of information. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ...


During the 2001 UK general election, Bragg attempted to combat voter apathy by promoting tactical voting in an attempt to unseat Tory candidates in Dorset, particularly in Dorset South and West Dorset. In the 2001 election, The Labour Party won Dorset South with their smallest majority, and the Conservative majority in West Dorset was reduced; at the 2005 election Labour held Dorset South, but Oliver Letwin increased his majority in West Dorset. Tony Blair William Hague Charles Kennedy The UK general election, 2001 was held on 7 June 2001 and was dubbed the quiet landslide by the media. ... In voting systems, tactical voting (or strategic voting) occurs when a voter supports a candidate other than his or her sincere preference in order to prevent an undesirable outcome. ... For other uses, see Tory (disambiguation). ... Dorset (pronounced DOR-sit or [dɔ.sət], and sometimes in the past called Dorsetshire) is a county in the south-west of England, on the English Channel coast. ... Dorset South is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... West Dorset is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which covers the same geographical area as the West Dorset district. ... The United Kingdom general election of 2005 was held on Thursday, 5 May 2005. ... Oliver Letwin (born May 19, 1956, Hampstead) is the British Member of Parliament for West Dorset, Chairman of the Policy Review, and Chairman of the Conservative Research Department. ...


Bragg was condemned for supporting the pro-war Oona King in the 2005 general election against the anti-war George Galloway in the constituency of Bethnal Green and Bow.[1] Galloway went on to overturn King's ten thousand strong majority to become his party's only MP.[2] Oona Tamsyn King (born October 22, 1967, in Sheffield) is a British politician. ... George Galloway (born 16 August 1954 in Dundee) is a Scottish politician and author noted for his left-wing views, confrontational style, and rhetorical skill. ...


Bragg has developed an interest in English national identity, apparent in his 2002 album England, Half-English and his 2006 book The Progressive Patriot. The book expressed his view that English socialists can reclaim patriotism from the right wing. Bragg also supports Scottish independence.[4] For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... England, Half-English is a 2002 album by English political singer-songwriter Billy Bragg, and a song from that album. ... Scottish independence is a political ambition of a number of political parties, pressure groups and individuals within and outside of Scotland. ...


Bragg has been an outspoken opponent of fascism, racism, bigotry, sexism and homophobia, has been a supporter of a multi-racial Britain. In response, Bragg has come under attack by far right groups such as the British National Party. In a 2004 article in The Guardian, Bragg was quoted as saying: Fascism is an authoritarian political ideology (generally tied to a mass movement) that considers individual and other societal interests subordinate to the interests of the state. ... Manifestations Slavery Racial profiling Lynching Hate speech Hate crime Genocide (examples) Ethnocide Ethnic cleansing Pogrom Race war Religious persecution Gay bashing Blood libel Paternalism Police brutality Movements Policies Discriminatory Race / Religion / Sex segregation Apartheid Redlining Internment Anti-discriminatory Emancipation Civil rights Desegregation Integration Equal opportunity Counter-discriminatory Affirmative action Racial... For people named Bigot and other meanings, see Bigot (disambiguation). ... Manifestations Slavery Racial profiling Lynching Hate speech Hate crime Genocide (examples) Ethnocide Ethnic cleansing Pogrom Race war Religious persecution Gay bashing Blood libel Paternalism Police brutality Movements Policies Discriminatory Race / Religion / Sex segregation Apartheid Redlining Internment Anti-discriminatory Emancipation Civil rights Desegregation Integration Equal opportunity Counter-discriminatory Affirmative action Racial... A protest by The Westboro Baptist Church, a group identified by the Anti-Defamation League as virulently homophobic. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into far right. ... The British National Party (BNP) is a white nationalist political party in the United Kingdom. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Guardian. ...

The British National Party would probably make it [into a parliament elected by proportional representation ], too. It would shine a torch into the dirty little corner where the BNP defecate on our democracy, and that would be much more powerful than duffing them up in the street — which I'm also in favour of.[5] Proportional representation (sometimes referred to as full representation, or PR), is a category of electoral formula aiming at a close match between the percentage of votes that groups of candidates (grouped by a certain measure) obtain in elections and the percentage of seats they receive (usually in legislative assemblies). ...

Also in 2004, Bragg collaborated with American ska punk band Less Than Jake to record a song for the Rock Against Bush compilation album. In March 2006, journalist Garry Bushell (a former Trotskyist who ran as a candidate for the English Democrats in 2005) accused Bragg of "pontificating on a South London council estate when we all know he lives in a lovely big house in West Dorset".[6] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Less Than Jake is an American ska punk band from Gainesville, Florida. ... Rock Against Bush is a project mobilizing skate punk and pop punk musicians against the 2004 U.S. Presidential campaign of George W. Bush. ... Garry Bushell (born May 13, 1955 in Woolwich, South East London) is a newspaper columnist, rock music journalist, television presenter and author. ... Trotskyism is the theory of Marxism as advocated by Leon Trotsky. ... The English Democrats Party, previously the English National Party, is a political party in England, which seeks the establishment of a new Parliament for England with at least the same powers as those granted to the Scottish Parliament. ... South London area South London (known colloquially as South of the River) is the area of London south of the River Thames. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...

Discography

This page is a discography for the British singer-songwriter Billy Bragg. ...

Studio albums

Released Album Title UK Chart US Chart Additional information
1983
Life's a Riot with Spy Vs Spy
30
-
1984
Brewing Up with Billy Bragg
16
-
1986
Talking with the Taxman about Poetry
8
-
1988
Workers Playtime
17
198
1990
The Internationale
-
-
1991
Don't Try This at Home
8
-
1996
William Bloke
16
-
1997
Bloke on Bloke
72
-
1998
Mermaid Avenue
34
90
Billy Bragg and Wilco
2000
Mermaid Avenue Vol. II
61
88
Billy Bragg and Wilco
2002
England, Half-English
51
-
Billy Bragg and the Blokes

A studio album is an album of regular studio recordings. ... The UK Albums Chart is a chart of the sales positions of albums in the United Kingdom. ... The Billboard 200 is a ranking of the 200 highest-selling music albums and EPs in the United States, published weekly by Billboard magazine. ... Lifes a Riot with Spy Vs Spy is Billy Braggs first studio album, released in 1983. ... Second album by Billy Bragg, released in 1984. ... Talking with the Taxman About Poetry is the third album by Billy Bragg, released in 1986 (see 1986 in music). ... Workers playtime is a 1988 album by Billy Bragg. ... The Internationale is a 1990 mini-album by Billy Bragg, originally released on Braggs short-lived record label, Utility Records. ... Dont Try This At Home was a reality show produced by LWT (In association with Golden Square Pictures) for ITV between 1998 and 2001. ... Fifth album by alternative folk artist Billy Bragg, released in 1996. ... Bloke on Bloke is a 1997 EP by British rock musician Billy Bragg. ... Cover of Mermaid Avenue (1998) Mermaid Avenue is a 1998 album of previously unheard lyrics written by American folk singer Woody Guthrie, put to music written and performed by British singer Billy Bragg and the American band Wilco. ... This article is about the music group. ... The rest of the recording sessions from recordings of obscure Woodie Guthrie songs. ... England, Half-English is a 2002 album by English political singer-songwriter Billy Bragg, and a song from that album. ...

Further reading

  • Andrew Collins; Still Suitable for Miners (Billy Bragg: The Official Biography); Virgin Books; ISBN 0-7535-0691-2 (Revised and Updated edition, 2002; Revised and Updated edition, published 2007)
  • Billy Bragg, The Progressive Patriot: A Search for Belonging (London: Bantam Press, 2006) ISBN 978-0-593-05343-0

Andrew Collins Andrew John Collins (born March 4, 1965, Northampton, United Kingdom) is a British journalist, scriptwriter and broadcaster. ...

See also

Red Wedge was a collective of UK musical artists who attempted to inform younger voters of the Labour Partys policies during the period leading up to the 1987 General Election. ... Charter88 is a British pressure group that advocates constitutional and electoral reform and owes its origins to the lack of a written constitution in the United Kingdom. ... George Gimarc is a Texas disc jockey and a record and radio program producer and author who is known for his extensive and authoritative knowledge about the classic rock radio format; recorded music in general, and specifically the era of punk rock. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ http://streetmap.co.uk/newmap.srf?x=546670&y=184691&z=1&sv=bragg&st=6&tl=Bragg+Close,+Dagenham,+Essex,+RM8&searchp=newsearch.srf&mapp=newmap.srf
  2. ^ http://www.barking-dagenham.gov.uk/2-citizen/citizen-menu.cfm?ID=1076
  3. ^ a b http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio1/johnpeel/artists/b/billybragg/
  4. ^ http://www.billybragg.co.uk/releases/albums/england_half_english/take_down_the_union_jack.html
  5. ^ http://politics.guardian.co.uk/lords/comment/0,9236,1150540,00.html
  6. ^ http://www.garry-bushell.co.uk/box/index.asp

External links

  • Official site
  • Braggtopia
  • Billy Bragg Interview on Music Towers
  • Waraich, Omar. Rockin' the vote: Billy Bragg for Blair?. Red Pepper May 2005
  • Billy Bragg collection at the Internet Archive's live music archive
  • The Secondary Mandate
  • "New Englands" by Bhikhu Parekh, TLS, February 2, 2007
  • Billy Bragg at Last.fm

  Results from FactBites:
 
Billy Bragg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2217 words)
Stephen William Bragg (born December 20, 1957), known as Billy Bragg, is a British musician known for his blend of folk, punk-rock, and protest music, and his poetic lyrics dealing with political as well as romantic themes.
Billy Bragg was born in a district of Essex that is now part of Greater London.
Bragg has been an outspoken opponent of fascism, racism, bigotry, sexism and homophobia in all manifestations and a supporter of a multi-cultural and multi-ethnic environment of modern Britain.
Everything about Billy Bragg - Biography (1806 words)
Billy Bragg was recently described by The Times newspaper as a ‘national treasure’.
Bragg’s stark musical backdrop – for the most part a roughly strummed electric guitar –; and even starker vocals belied a keen sense of melody and passionate, deeply humane lyrics.
Bragg also turned his attention to campaigning for reform of the House of Lords –; the UK’s second chamber – by writing and publishing A Genuine Expression of the Will of the People, a political pamphlet on the subject.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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