FACTOID # 11: Oklahoma has the highest rate of women in State or Federal correctional facilities.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Billerica, Massachusetts
Billerica, Massachusetts
Nickname: America's Yankee Doodle Town
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°33′30″N 71°16′10″W / 42.55833, -71.26944
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Middlesex County
Settled 1637
Incorporated 1655
Government
 - Type Representative town meeting
Area
 - Town  26.4 sq mi (68.3 km²)
 - Land  25.9 sq mi (67.1 km²)
 - Water  0.5 sq mi (1.3 km²)
Elevation  250 ft (76 m)
Population (2000)
 - Town 38,981
 - Density 1,505.9/sq mi (581.4/km²)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01821 (Billerica), 01862 (North Billerica)
Area code(s) 351 / 978
Website: http://www.town.billerica.ma.us/

Billerica (IPA: [bɪl.'ɹɪ.kə]) is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 38,981 at the 2000 census. Its name is pronounced "bill-RICK-a", rather than rhyming with America, as some might be led to believe. This article or section seems to contain too many examples (or of a poor quality) for an encyclopedia entry. ... Image File history File links Billerica_ma_highlight. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... A Representative Town Meeting is a form of municipal legislature used in Massachusetts. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Area codes 351 and 978 are Commonwealth of Massachusetts area codes serving the communities of Fitchburg and Peabody as well as northeastern Massachusetts. ... Area code 978 is a Commonwealth of Massachusetts area code serving the communities of Lawrence, Lowell and Peabody as well as northeastern Massachusetts. ... The symbols of the International Phonetic Alphabet can be used to show pronounciation in English. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...

Contents

History

Billerica was settled in about 1638 when Massachusetts Bay Governor John Winthrop and Lt. Governor Thomas Dudley were granted land along the Concord River in the wilderness the native Americans called Shawshin (Shawsheen today; see Shawsheen River.). They called their lands Shawsheen Plantation and by 1650 families moving inland from Cambridge and Charlestown Village (later Woburn) settled in the area. Most of the families that settled at Shawsheen Plantation were from the town of Billericay in Essex, England. The town was incorporated as Billerica in 1655, on the same day as nearby Chelmsford and Groton. The oldest remaining homestead in the town is the Manning Manse, built in 1696, and later the residence of William Manning (1747–1814), the author of "The Key of Liberty," a critique of Federalist policies. Other notable Revolutionary War era residents included Asa Pollard (1735–1775), the first soldier killed at the Battle of Bunker Hill, and Thomas Ditson (born 1741), who was tarred and feathered by the British in 1775 while on a visit to Boston. The song "Yankee Doodle" was written to honor him. The town now celebrates "Yankee Doodle Weekend" every September. Events March 29 - Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden. ... John Winthrop (12 January 1587/8–26 March 1649) is a historical figure, famous for having led a group of Puritans to the New World, joining the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1629. ... Thomas Dudley (October 12, 1576–July 31, 1653) was a colonial magistrate who served several terms as governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. ... For the river in Maine, see Concord River (Maine) The Concord River is a tributary of the Merrimack River in eastern Massachusetts in the United States, approximately 15 mi (24 km) long. ... Located in northeast Massachusetts, the Shawsheen River is a tributary of the Merrimack River. ... Year 1650 (MDCL) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1630 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Kenneth Reeves (D) Area  - City  7. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Statistics Population: 40,000 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: TQ675945 Administration District: Basildon Shire county: Essex Region: East of England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Essex Historic county: Essex Services Police force: Essex Police Ambulance service: East of England Post office and telephone Post town... Events March 25 - Saturns largest moon, Titan, is discovered by Christian Huygens. ... Chelmsford is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ...   Settled: 1655 â€“ Incorporated: 1655 Zip Code(s): 01450 â€“ Area Code(s): 351 / 978 Official website: http://www. ... Combatants Kingdom of Great Britain Province of Massachusetts Bay Commanders British Army: William Howe Robert Pigot Henry Clinton Royal Navy: Samuel Graves Israel Putnam William Prescott Joseph Warren â€  Seth Pomeroy (Both Warren and Pomeroy declined command) Strength 2,600 1,500 Casualties 226 dead, 828 wounded 140 dead, 271 wounded... Yankee Doodle is a well-known American song, often sung patriotically today . ...


Billerica also has a Native American burial site dating back to 1000 B.C.


The oldest canal in the United States, the Middlesex Canal, which flowed through Billerica between 1795 and 1852, was used to transport goods between Lowell and Boston. The Middlesex Canal was built in the late 18th century to connect the Merrimack River with the port of Boston. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Nickname: Motto: Art is the Handmaid of Human Good Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1653 Incorporated 1826 A city 1836 Government  - Type Manager-City council  - Mayor William F. Martin, Jr. ...


In the 1840s, the Boston and Lowell Railroad's main line was built and passed through the town's villages of North Billerica and East Billerica. Stations were built in both locations and North Billerica Station is still an active Commuter Rail Station. Trains stopped taking passengers at East Billerica in 1965 and the station was remodeled and is now a private home. The MBTA Commuter Rail is the regional rail arm of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. ...


Narrow gauge

In 1876 a man named George Mansfield came to Billerica to pitch the idea of building a two-foot gauge railroad from North Billerica Station to the new Bedford Station on the Middlesex Central Line in neighboring Bedford. That year the Billerica and Bedford Railroad was formed and the line was built. It was opened in August of 1877 and was 8.6 miles in length. Cost overruns killed the line after one year and the railroad went bankrupt and was sold. In 1885 the Boston and Lowell put in a standard gauge line along most of the original right of way. They followed the old narrow ROW from Bedford Depot to Billerica's Nuttings Lake Village. There, rather than run the line over the steep Indian and Town Hills, they deviated to the west of Billerica Center and met the original ROW at the bottom of the north side of town hill and continued on the original path to North Billerica. The Boston and Maine Railroad took over the line in 1887. South Billerica, Turnpike (Nuttings Lake), Billerica and Bennett Hall were the station stops on the line along with North Billerica, none of the stations still stand. Passenger service stopped on the last day of 1931 and the line was used as a freight line until it was abandoned from Bedford Depot to Billerica Depot in 1962. The line was further abandoned from Billerica Depot to Bennett Hall about 1980. The track was removed from Boston Road (Rte 3A) to Bedford Depot, it is still in place from Rte 3A to the North Billerica Station for trains to have access to the railroad repair shops in North Billerica. Trains run maybe once a month on the track now and it is completely overgrown with vegetation in front of the Marshall Middle School and also in a few spots along its way to North Billerica. Year 1876 Pick up Sticks(MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1640 Incorporated 1729 Government  - Type Open town meeting  - Town Administrator Richard Reed Area  - Town  13. ... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Boston & Maine (B&M) was the dominant railroad of the northern United States for a century. ... 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ...


Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 68.3 km² (26.4 mi²). 67.1 km² (25.9 mi²) of it is land and 1.3 km² (0.5 mi²) of it (1.90%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Billerica is located about 22 miles north-northwest of Boston along Route 3, positioning it a short distance from both the Route 128/Interstate 95 high-technology belt around Boston to the south, and the city of Lowell, 6 miles to the north. This has established Billerica as the border between Greater Lowell and the much larger Greater Boston region. U.S. Route 3 is a north-south United States highway that runs from its southern terminus in Cambridge, MA (the official end according to AASHTO is at US 20 across the Charles River in Boston, though current signs indicate a terminus in Cambridge at Route 2A/3) through New... Route 128, also known as the Yankee Division Highway (for the U.S. 26th Infantry Division), and originally the Circumferential Highway, is a partial beltway around Boston, Massachusetts, United States. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts, USA Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Settled 1630 Incorporated (city) 1822 Government  - Mayor Thomas M. Menino (D) Area  - City  89. ... Nickname: Motto: Art is the Handmaid of Human Good Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1653 Incorporated 1826 A city 1836 Government  - Type Manager-City council  - Mayor William F. Martin, Jr. ... Greater Lowell is the name given to the city of Lowell, Massachusetts and its suburbs, mostly in (and somewhat synonymous with) Northern Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Greater Boston is the area of the U.S. state of Massachusetts closely surrounding the city of Boston. ...


Billerica has several small neighborhoods that form ten villages (or sections) of town. Those villages are North Billerica, South Billerica, East Billerica, West Billerica, Billerica Village (aka: Billerica Center), Pinehurst, Riverdale, Nuttings Lake, River Pines, and Saco River Valley. North Billerica is a village of the Town of Billerica, Massachusetts and is the home to Faulkner and Talbot mills and the North Billerica Train Depot. ... Pinehurst is a census-designated place located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ...


Some of the neighborhoods that form these sections of town are Garden City (North Billerica); The Pines (Pinehurst); Indian Hill (Nuttings Lake); Rio Vista (West Billerica); Pattenville (East Billerica); Fox Hill District aka FHD (East Billerica); Riverhurst (South Billerica); Pinedale (Pinehurst); Riverside (West Billerica); Webb Brook (Riverdale) and Glad Valley (Billerica Village).


Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 38,981 people, 12,919 households, and 10,244 families residing in the town. The population density was 581.3/km² (1,505.9/mi²). There were 13,071 housing units at an average density of 194.9/km² (504.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.68% Caucasian, 1.11% African American, 0.10% Native American, 2.76% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.54% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 12,919 households out of which 37.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.1% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.7% were non-families. 16.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.30. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the town the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 34.6% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 103.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.2 males.


The median income for a household in the town was $67,799, and the median income for a family was $72,102. Males had a median income of $47,014 versus $33,862 for females. The per capita income for the town was $24,953. About 2.8% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Education

The Billerica Public Schools are made up of six elementary, two middle, and one high school.


The high school colors are green and white and the athletics teams play in the highly competitive Merrimack Valley Conference. Their nickname is "Indians".


Public schools

  • Ditson Elementary School (Cook Street)
  • Dutile Elementary School (Treble Cove Road)
  • Hajjar Elementary School (Rogers & Call Streets)
  • Kennedy Elementary School (Kimbrough Road & Carline Drive)
  • Parker Elementary School (River Street)
  • Vinning Elementary School (Lexington Road)
  • Marshall Middle School (Floyd Street)
  • Locke Middle School (Allen & Baldwin Roads)
  • Billerica Memorial High School (River Street)

Vocational school

Billerica is also home to the Shawsheen Valley Regional Vocational Technical High School (Cook Street). This vocational school serves Billerica and four of its neighboring towns (Bedford, Burlington, Tewksbury & Wilmington). Shawsheen Tech's colors are purple and white and they compete with several other voc-tech schools and a few smaller town schools in the Commonwealth Athletic Conference. Their mascot is the Ram.


Sister City

Billerica is twinned with Billericay, England Flag of the United Kingdom. Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ... , Billericay (IPA ) is a small commuter town in Essex, England with a population of 40,000. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ...


Notable residents

Gary Thomas DiSarcina was born on November 19, 1967 in Malden, Massachusetts. ... Tom Fitzgerald (born August 28, 1968 in Billerica, Massachusetts) is a professional hockey player who has played sixteen seasons in the National Hockey League and the American Hockey League. ... Thomas Michael Tom Glavine (born March 25, 1966 in Concord, Massachusetts) is an American Major League Baseball starting pitcher for the New York Mets. ... Robert Miller Jr. ... B. J. Snowden is a singer, songwriter and performer based out of Massachusetts. ...

External links

  • Billerica official website
  • The official Billerica Budlight-athon website

  Results from FactBites:
 
Billerica, Massachusetts, MA, real estate (759 words)
Billerica Massachusetts, has a population of more than 39,500 which continues to grow as people are attracted to this fast developing city.
A day trip to one of Massachusetts’ beautiful beaches or islands is easily accessible from any part of the state, as is a trip to the Berkshires in the western part of the state.
Government: The capital of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts is Boston, situated on the Atlantic Ocean on the eastern border of the state.
Billerica, Massachusetts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (655 words)
Billerica is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts.
Billerica was settled in about 1652 by families moving inland from Cambridge and Charlestown Village (later Woburn).
The oldest canal in the United States, the Middlesex Canal, which flowed through Billerica between 1795 and 1852, was used to transport goods between Lowell and Boston.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m