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Encyclopedia > Billboard Top 100

The Billboard Hot 100 is the main U.S. singles popularity chart used by Billboard magazine. The new charts go into effect every Saturday, while the charts are posted every previous Thursday on the website. Wikiquote has quotations relating to: United States Wikinews has news related to this article: United States United States government Official website of the United States government - Gateway to governmental sites White House - Official site of the US President Senate. ... Alternate meanings: Single In music, a single is a short (usually ten minutes or less) record, usually featuring one or two tracks as A-sides, often accompanied by several B-sides—usually remixes or other songs. ... Billboard is a weekly American magazine devoted to the music industry. ... Saturday is the day of the week between Friday and Sunday. ... Thursday is the day of the week between Wednesday and Friday. ...


What is now the Hot 100 existed for nearly 15 years as almost a half-dozen different charts. Apparently all the charts became a little too difficult for industry professionals to keep track of, so Billboard started the main Hot 100 chart on August 4, 1958. The first #1 song of the Hot 100 era was "Poor Little Fool" by Ricky Nelson. As of January 1, 2005, the Hot 100 has had 911 No. 1 hits. Its current number one is "We Belong Together" by Mariah Carey. August 4 is the 216th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (217th in leap years), with 149 days remaining. ... 1958 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Eric Hilliard Ricky Nelson, alternately Rick Nelson (May 8, 1940 - December 31, 1985), was one of the first American teen idols. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... We Belong Together is the 2nd single (and current single) from Mariah Careys 14th album, The Emancipation of Mimi. ... Mariah Carey on the cover of her album Butterfly Mariah Carey (born March 27, 1970 in Huntington, New York) is an American popular music singer, songwriter, record producer, music video director, and actress, who rose to prominence in the 1990s. ...


A new chart, the Pop 100 has been created to answer criticism that the Hot 100 was biased in favor of Rhythmic songs. The Pop 100 Chart is a newly created chart featured on Billboard in America. ... Rhythmic music and Rhythmic radio, also known as Rhythmic Crossover or Rhythmic Pop, is a term used to describe a certain group of radio stations and the Billboard chart that is compiled based on airplay from those radio stations. ...

Contents

Album cuts

Prior to December 5, 1998, the Hot 100 was compiled solely on available singles that could be purchased. Now singles can hit #1 based only on airplay points. These variety of singles are called album cuts. The year after the album cut implementation, no album cut single managed to hit #1 because the album cuts just were not strong enough to advance to pole position. In fact, the first airplay-only single to hit #1 came on June 17, 2000 when Aaliyah's "Try Again" managed to spend one week at the top. December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... June 17 is the 168th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (169th in leap years), with 197 days remaining. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... ...


Paid digital downloads

As of the Hot 100 chart dated February 12, 2005, Billboard introduced the Pop 100 Chart and the Pop 100 Airplay Chart. The two charts track mass-appeal mainstream hits. See Hot Digital Songs. February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Hot Digital Songs chart ranks the bestselling digital singles in the United States of America according to Billboard. ...


Also the Billboard Hot 100 now tracks paid digital downloads from such websites as Napster, Musicmatch, Rhapsody, etc. With paid digital downloads added to the airplay-sales formula of the Hot 100, many songs benefited on the charts from the change. Napster logo: Cat wearing headphones. ... Categories: Computer stubs | Software companies ... Art and literature In music, a rhapsody is an enthusiastic instrumental composition of indefinite form. ...


Also because of the digital download sales, the Hot 100 now shows many singles on the chart with gold and platinum bullets. General Name, Symbol, Number Gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11 (IB), 6, d Density, Hardness 19. ... Platinum is also a certification by the RIAA and other world recording industries, see: RIAA certification General Name, Symbol, Number Platinum, Pt, 78 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 10 , 6, d Density, Hardness 21. ...


This is the first major overhaul of the Hot 100's chart formula since December 1998. December is the twelfth and last month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...


Notable Hot 100 records

Longest run at number one

Arguably, the most notable Hot 100 record is the longest consecutive week run at #1. The record changed hands three times during the Hot 100 era. Elvis Presley set the record at 11 weeks with "Hound Dog/Don't Be Cruel", in 1956. That was the record for 36 years, until 1992 when Boyz II Men held #1 for 13 weeks with "End of the Road". Then just 2 weeks after that run ended, Whitney Houston broke the record yet again with "I Will Always Love You" (her rendition of the Dolly Parton hit). It stayed at #1 for 14 weeks during late 1992 and early 1993 and made 1993 the first year where Billboard did not get its very first new #1 until March. Boyz II Men then equalled Whitney Houston's record when their single "I'll Make Love To You" spent 14 weeks at number one from August to November 1994, but did not fully regain their briefly-held record. They did however regain the record, admittedly with a collaborative single, again in late 1995 and early 1996 when Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men retained #1 for 16 weeks with "One Sweet Day"; this record holds to the present. One of Billboard's biggest predictions as to a song that could possibly break the record was a 1998 duet between two people who have held the record: Mariah Carey and Whitney Houston. The song, "When You Believe", from the Prince Of Egypt soundtrack, was a relative flop, peaking only at #15 on the Hot 100. In the near future, it seems implausible that the 16 week streak will be broken; many songs have held onto the #1 position for 10+ weeks within the past few years, but--no matter how massive they've been--they haven't been able to spend more than twelve weeks (Santana's "Smooth", Eminem's "Lose Yourself", "Usher's "Yeah!") at the top since "One Sweet Day". Elvis Presley Elvis Aaron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977), also known as The king of Rock and Roll, or as just simply The King, was an American singer who had an effect on world culture rivaled only by The Beatles and Chuck Berry. ... Hound Dog was first recorded by Big Mama Thornton in 1953 as a blues song. ... 1956 was a leap year starting on Sunday. ... 1992 is a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Boyz II Men is a Motown vocal group from Philadelphia, founded in 1988. ... Whitney Elizabeth Houston (born August 9, 1963, Newark, New Jersey) is an American pop, R&B and soul singer and actress. ... I Will Always Love You is a song originally written and performed by Dolly Parton in 1974. ... Dolly Parton (born January 19, 1946) is an American country singer, songwriter and actress. ... 1993 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003) Events Media:January January 1 - Czechoslovakia divides. ... For alternative meanings, see March (disambiguation). ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Mariah Carey on the cover of her album Butterfly Mariah Carey (born March 27, 1970 in Huntington, New York) is an American popular music singer, songwriter, record producer, music video director, and actress, who rose to prominence in the 1990s. ... One Sweet Day was the second single from Mariah Careys 6th album, Daydream, released in 1995. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... The Prince of Egypt is a 1998 American animated film, the first animated film produced and released by DreamWorks SKG. It is very loosely based on the life of Moses in Exodus 1 through 20. ... Santana during concert in Barcelona 2003 Carlos Santana (born July 20, 1947) is a famous Mexican rock and roll guitarist, originally from Autlan de Navarro, Jalisco. ... Eminem Eminem is the stage name of Marshall Bruce Mathers III (born October 17, 1972 in St. ... Usher on the cover of his album Confessions Usher Raymond IV (born October 14, 1978 in Dallas,Texas, US). ...


Biggest gain to #1

Another notable record is the biggest gain to #1 in Hot 100 history. This record has only changed hands twice since the Hot 100 implementation. Up until December 5, 1998, The Beatles held that record with "Can't Buy Me Love". The record was set on April 4, 1964, the exact same week when The Beatles had the entire top 5 of the Hot 100 occupied. The record was broken 34 years later when "I'm Your Angel", a popular duet between superstars R. Kelly and Céline Dion, jumped from 46-1. In 2002, the record was again broken by American Idol winner Kelly Clarkson, who posted a massive 52-1 gain with her song "A Moment Like This". This is an example of how strong commercially released singles sometimes are compared to airplay-only songs: both "A Moment Like This" and "I'm Your Angel" broke the record during a time (1998 to present) when songs could chart based only on the strength of their radio airplay. This is different from pre-1998, when songs could only place on the Hot 100 if they were singles that were commercially buyable in stores. December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... The Beatles (L-R, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, Ringo Starr, John Lennon), in 1964, performing on The Ed Sullivan Show during their first United States tour, promoting their first U.S. hit song, I Want To Hold Your Hand. ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... 1964 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... R. Kelly R. Kelly (born Robert Sylvester Kelly on January 8, 1967 in Chicago, Illinois) is an R&B and soul singer, songwriter and producer who found international acclaim in the 1990s for his diverse talents as a singer, songwriter, producer, multi-instrumentalist and musician. ... Céline Dion Céline Marie Claudette Dion OC (born March 30, 1968) is a Canadian vocalist. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A promotional poster for the fourth season of American Idol, in International Plaza Mall in Tampa. ... Kelly Clarkson Kelly Brianne Clarkson (born April 24, 1982) is an American singer who was the winner of the first season of American Idol and has since gone on to have a very successful recording career. ...


The airplay and sales combined into a formula that Billboard used to determine the weekly song ranking. This makes the Beatles' record even more impressive because a very large increase in both weekly sales and weekly radio airplay likely fueled the jump to number one; as opposed to the more recent record-holders, whose songs had been charting based only on strong radio airplay and then received a large jump due only to very strong first-week single sales. Shady tactics have caused Billboard to alter their Hot 100 formula several times over the past six years, placing less and less of an emphasis on sales points and more of an emphasis on airplay points. The result is that the songs that place highly on the Hot 100 chart are now more likely than ever to be the same ones that are heard most often on the radio. Some people would argue that this has caused American radio playlists to become stagnant and boring and is also responsible for having depleted the American CD singles market.


These are the five biggest gains to #1 in Hot 100 history:

Kelly Clarkson Kelly Brianne Clarkson (born April 24, 1982) is an American singer who was the winner of the first season of American Idol and has since gone on to have a very successful recording career. ... A Moment Like This is the first single from Kelly Clarksons multi-platinum debut album, Thankful. ... October 5 is the 278th day of the year (279th in Leap years). ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... R. Kelly R. Kelly (born Robert Sylvester Kelly on January 8, 1967 in Chicago, Illinois) is an R&B and soul singer, songwriter and producer who found international acclaim in the 1990s for his diverse talents as a singer, songwriter, producer, multi-instrumentalist and musician. ... Céline Dion Céline Marie Claudette Dion OC (born March 30, 1968) is a Canadian vocalist. ... December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... The Beatles (L-R, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, Ringo Starr, John Lennon), in 1964, performing on The Ed Sullivan Show during their first United States tour, promoting their first U.S. hit song, I Want To Hold Your Hand. ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... 1964 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Usher on the cover of his album Confessions Usher Raymond (born October 14, 1979) has been a popular R&B/pop musician since the early 1990s. ... July 7 is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 177 days remaining. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Brandy on the cover of her album Full Moon Brandy Rayana Norwood (born February 11, 1979), known professionally as Brandy, is an pop/R&B singer and actress. ... Monica (full name Monica Arnold, born October 24, 1980) is a R&B singer who first attained commercial success in the 1990s and, after a relatively unsuccessful period during the early 2000s, has seen her career experience a second wind within the past year. ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...

#1 debuts

Yet another notable record is the first debuting of a single on the Hot 100 at the #1 position. To date, only twelve singles have ever debuted at #1 on the chart; but Michael Jackson's "You Are Not Alone" holds the record for being the first. It debuted at #1 on the Hot 100 chart dated September 2, 1995, due to the single having been released and selling copiously during a time when radio airplay had already had a chance to grow. It spent one week at #1, as its sales declined rapidly during the following week. The other eleven songs that have debuted at number one were, in order: Michael Jackson Michael Joseph Jackson (born August 29, 1958 in Gary, Indiana), is an American singer, songwriter, and record producer. ... September 2 is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years). ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

  • Mariah Carey's "Fantasy" (Sept 30, 1995)
  • Whitney Houston's "Exhale (Shoop Shoop)" (Nov 25, 1995)
  • Mariah Carey & Boyz II Men's "One Sweet Day" (Dec 2, 1995)
  • P. Diddy & Faith Evans' "I'll Be Missing You" (June 14, 1997)
  • Mariah Carey's "Honey" (Sept 13, 1997)
  • Elton John's "Candle In The Wind 1997"/"Something About The Way You Look Tonight" (Oct 11, 1997)
  • Céline Dion's "My Heart Will Go On" (Feb 28, 1998)
  • Aerosmith's "I Don't Want To Miss A Thing" (Sept 5, 1998)
  • Lauryn Hill's "Doo Wop (That Thing)" (Nov 14, 1998)
  • Clay Aiken's "This Is The Night" (June 28, 2003)
  • Fantasia Barrino's "I Believe" (July 10, 2004)

Like "You Are Not Alone" the above songs, with the exception of the two most recent ones, managed their number one debuts by employing waiting to release the commercial single till the airplay levels were already substantially high. As can be seen, the December 1998 modification to the chart, which allowed album cuts to chart prior to the release of a commercial single, all but ended number one Hot 100 debuts. Aiken and Barrino each managed to debut at number one with radio airplay that was too insignificant to cause their singles to chart. The fact that they still achieved number one debuts, with minimal airplay, on a chart that weights radio airplay far more heavily than sales, in a market where buyable singles are hardly popular anymore, is testament to the commercial popularity of Aiken and Barrino. My Heart Will Go On is the theme song to the highly popular 1997 blockbuster Titanic. ... Clay Aiken (born Clayton Holmes Grissom on November 30, 1978) is an American pop music singer who rose to fame on the American Idol television program. ...


Most #1 singles

The record for most #1's by a group belongs to The Beatles, who have had twenty on the US Charts. The record for a female soloist is fifteen, held by Mariah Carey; Elvis Presley holds the record for a male soloist with eighteen. The Beatles (L-R, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, Ringo Starr, John Lennon), in 1964, performing on The Ed Sullivan Show during their first United States tour, promoting their first U.S. hit song, I Want To Hold Your Hand. ...


Most consecutive #1 singles

Whitney Houston holds the record for consecutive #1's: she had seven in 1987, demolishing the previous record held by The Beatles. In the middle of Houston's run of seven consecutive number one singles, she released one song that did not even make it onto the Hot 100 chart; however, her record stands at 7 when worded as "most consecutive #1 peaking Hot 100 singles", since the non-charting single never peaked anywhere lower than #1 (it didn't peak at all) on the Hot 100. When overall consecutive #1 singles are considered, regardless of if they made it onto the Hot 100 or not, the Beatles' record of 6 holds.


Most successful debut

The most successful debut also belongs to Mariah Carey, whose first five singles reached #1. The previous record was four, achieved by The Jackson 5 in 1970. The cover to the Jackson 5s first LP, Diana Ross Presents the Jackson 5, released on Motown Records in 1969. ... 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ...


On the UK charts, which were based solely on sales when the record was broken, the best debut is seven #1s, by Westlife. The record for most top 10's from one's debut belongs to Kylie Minogue. Her first eleven singles reached the top 10. Westlife is an Irish boy band. ... Kylie Minogue in the music video for Slow (2003) Kylie Ann Minogue (pronounced: , to rhyme with vogue) (born May 28, 1968) is an Australian singer and actress. ...


Notable artist records on the Hot 100

Janet Jackson, Madonna, Elvis Presley, and The Beatles hold a majority of the other important Billboard records. For example, the four acts are the four with the most top five, top ten, and top twenty Hot 100 songs in Billboard history. Janet Jackson (born Janet Damita Jo Jackson May 16, 1966 in Gary, Indiana) is an African-American pop, R&B and soul singer-songwriter and the baby of the hugely successful Jackson music family. ... Madonna Ciccone Ritchie Madonna Ciccone Ritchie (born Madonna Louise Ciccone in Bay City, Michigan, August 16, 1958), simply known by the stage name Madonna, is an American singer frequently referred to as the Queen of Pop music. ... Elvis Presley Elvis Aaron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977), also known as The king of Rock and Roll, or as just simply The King, was an American singer who had an effect on world culture rivaled only by The Beatles and Chuck Berry. ... The Beatles (L-R, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, Ringo Starr, John Lennon), in 1964, performing on The Ed Sullivan Show during their first United States tour, promoting their first U.S. hit song, I Want To Hold Your Hand. ...


Mariah Carey is the only artist to have a #1 single every year for the decade of the 90s. Mariah Carey on the cover of her album Butterfly Mariah Carey (born March 27, 1970 in Huntington, New York) is an American popular music singer, songwriter, record producer, music video director, and actress, who rose to prominence in the 1990s. ...


The October 11, 2003 chart week marked the first time since its inception that the Billboard Top 10 artists were exclusively black individuals or groups with a majority of black members. October 11 is the 284th day of the year (285th in Leap years). ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The term Blacks is often used in the West to denote race for persons whose progenitors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to West and sub-Saharan Africa. ...


The R&B group The Isley Brothers hold a record for being the only act to have had Top 40 hits on the Hot 100 in six consecutive decades: the 1950s, 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s. Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... The Isley Brothers are an American pop, R&B, funk and soul group who began their musical career in Cincinnati in the early 1950s. ... Top 40 is a radio format based on frequent repetition of songs from a constantly-updated list of the forty best-selling singles. ... This is a list of decades which have articles with more information about them. ... Millennia: 1st millennium - 2nd millennium - 3rd millennium Events and trends Technology United States tests the first fusion bomb. ... Events and trends The 1960s was a turbulent decade of change around the world. ... Events and trends Although in the United States and in many other Western societies the 1970s are often seen as a period of transition between the turbulent 1960s and the more conservative 1980s and 1990s, many of the trends that are associated widely with the Sixties, from the Sexual Revolution... Events and trends The 1980s marked an abrupt shift towards more conservative lifestyles after the momentous cultural revolutions which took place in the 1960s and 1970s and the definition of the AIDS virus in 1981. ... Events and trends Technology Explosive growth of the Internet; decrease in the cost of computers and other technology Reduction in size and cost of mobile phones leads to a massive surge in their popularity Year 2000 problem (commonly known as Y2K) Microsoft Windows operating system becomes virtually ubiquitous on IBM... Major controversy over U.S. presidential election, 2000 September 11, 2001 Terrorist Attack on New Yorks World Trade Center and Virginias Pentagon killing over 3000 people. ...


Nielsen SoundScan

Nowadays, sales performance of singles are tracked by Nielsen SoundScan, and radio airplay performance of singles is tracked by Nielsen Broadcast Data Systems. Since Nielsen Soundscan's implementation in May 1991, it was reported that people like most songs longer than previously suspected (thus double-digit consecutive week runs at #1). Because of the double-digit consecutive weeks runs at #1, the amount of #1's for a year have dropped considerably. The four years Billboard posted the least amount of #1's in Hot 100 history were 2002 (7 #1 hits), 1996 (8 #1 hits), 1994 and 1997 (9 #1 hits). Nielsen SoundScan is an information system created by Nielsen Media Research that tracks sales data for singles, albums, and music video products for Billboard and other music industry companies. ... This article is about the month of May. ... 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Reef. ...


Limitations

The limitations of the Hot 100 have increased in importance over time. Since the Hot 100 is based on singles sales, as singles have themselves become a less common form of song release, the Hot 100's data has represented a narrowing segment of sales. Further, the history of popular music shows nearly as many remarkable failures to chart as it does important charting positions. Some critics have argued that the emphasis on a limited number of singles has distorted record industry development efforts, and there are nearly as many critics of the Hot 100 as there are supporters.


See also

This is a list of #1 Hits in the United States by year from the Billboard Hot 100. ... In popular music, a chart-topper is an extremely popular recording, identified by its inclusion in a ranked list—a chart—of top selling or otherwise judged most popular releases. ... The Billboard 200 is a listing of the 200 highest selling music albums in the United States, published weekly in Billboard magazine. ... The RIAA certifies singles and albums based on their sales. ...

External link

  • This week's Hot 100 chart (http://www.billboard.com/bb/charts/hot100.jsp)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Billboard Hot 100 - Facts, Information, and Encyclopedia Reference article (3796 words)
A new chart, the Pop 100, has been created to answer criticism that the Hot 100 in recent years has been biased in favor of rhythmic songs, as throughout most of its existence, it was seen predominantly as a pop chart.
Billboard's Hot 100 chart policies have been modified many times over the years to accommodate changes in the record industry, but one rule always remained constant: songs were not eligible to enter the Hot 100 unless they were available to purchase as a single.
The four years Billboard posted the least amount of number ones in Hot 100 history were 2002 (seven number one hits), 1996 (eight number one hits), 1994 and 1997 (nine number one hits).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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