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Encyclopedia > Billboard Hot 100 Airplay

The Hot 100 Airplay is a chart released weekly by Billboard magazine in the United States. It measures radio airplay, and is one of the three component charts, along with the Hot 100 Singles Sales and the Hot Digital Songs charts, that determine the chart positions of singles on the Billboard Hot 100. Its current number one single is "Irreplaceable" by BeyoncĂ©. Billboard is a weekly American magazine devoted to the music industry. ... The Hot 100 Singles Sales (also known as Singles Sales) is a chart released weekly by Billboard magazine in the United States. ... The Hot Digital Songs chart ranks the best-selling digital singles in the United States, according to Billboard magazine. ... The Billboard Hot 100 is the United States music industry standard singles popularity chart issued weekly by Billboard magazine. ... Irreplaceable is an R&B song performed by American singer Beyoncé and written by American singer-songwriters Beyoncé Knowles and Ne-Yo, and Norwegian songwriters Amund Bjørklund, Espen Lind, Mikkel S. Eriksen and Tor Erik Hermansen for Knowles second studio album B’Day (although Ne-Yo has disputed that... Beyoncé in 2004 with her five Grammys. ...

Contents

Chart data collection

The Hot 100 Airplay chart is a weekly chart that ranks the 100 songs with the most airplay points (frequently referred to as audience impressions, which is a calculation of the number of times a song is played and the audience size of the station playing the tune). A song can pick up an airplay point every time it is selected to be played on specific radio stations that Billboard monitors. Radio stations across the board are used from Top 40 Mainstream (plays wide variety of music that is generally the most popular songs of the time) to more genre specific radio stations such as urban radio.


Per Billboard (as of October 2005):

"988 stations, comprised of top 40, adult contemporary, R&B/hip-hop, country, rock, gospel, Latin and Christian formats, are electronically monitored 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. This data is used to compile The Billboard Hot 100."

Strength of airplay

Singles usually enter the Hot 100 Airplay chart before any other, because in most cases, they hit the airwaves first before being made commercially available online or in stores. Prior to December 5, 1998, the Hot 100 was solely compiled of songs that were commercially available. This means that songs could enter the airplay chart, but would not be eligible for the Hot 100 unless a commercial single in stores was issued. "Don't Speak" by No Doubt, "Lovefool" by The Cardigans, Natalie Imbruglia's Torn and "Basket Case" by Green Day all topped the Hot 100 Airplay chart and gained large amounts of airplay, but were not allowed to enter the Hot 100, because no commercial single was issued, even though they would have probably been significant hits on the Hot 100 without the need of a commercial single. December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Dont Speak is the third single from Tragic Kingdom, the third album by Californian ska/rock group No Doubt, released in late 1996. ... No Doubt is a third wave ska band from Anaheim, California, United States. ... Lovefool is a 1996 single by Swedish indie pop band The Cardigans from their album First Band on the Moon. ... The Cardigans are a Swedish band formed in the town of Jönköping in 1992. ... Natalie Jane Imbruglia (pronounced im-broo-lyah) (born February 4, 1975) is an Australian singer, songwriter, model and actress. ... Torn could refer to: Torn (song), a song by LeToya Torn (Natalie Imbruglia song), a song by Natalie Imbruglia Black Isles Torn, a computer role-playing game This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... One of pop-punk group Green Days best known songs, Basket Case was a major step in the careers of the three member group in January 1995. ... Green Day is an American rock band consisting of three core members: Billie Joe Armstrong (guitar, lead vocals), Mike Dirnt (bass) and Tré Cool (drums). ...


Due to circumstances like this becoming a growing trend with major record labels to release singles only to radio (as they felt commercial releases were a factor in decreasing album sales) many in the music industry requested that Billboard rethink its long-standing rule of "singles only" on the Hot 100. Billboard carefully weighed the pros and cons of this type of change and conducted extensive research and polls of music and recording industry insiders to assess the need for such a revamp of the chart. It was concluded that allowing airplay-only singles into the Hot 100 was the most logical choice, as the chart has always been a reflection of what songs are most popular in the United States and this new rule would present an accurate tool for those in the music industry to gauge the popularity of their "product" and to analyze marketing strategies, etc. A record label is a brand created by companies that specialize in manufacturing, distributing and promoting audio and video recordings, on various formats including compact discs, LPs, DVD-Audio, SACDs, and cassettes. ...


Album cut implementation

After December 5, 1998, songs could chart on the Hot 100 with just airplay points. However, before they were allowed onto the Hot 100, they had to make the Top 75 on the Hot 100 Airplay chart. Songs that charted on the Hot 100, without being issued with a commercial single release were known as album cuts. These album cuts however, were not very strong initially and did not usually chart very high; the first airplay-only single to hit number one came in June 2000 when Aaliyah's "Try Again" spent one week at the top. December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... For Aaliyahs self-titled album, see Aaliyah (album). ...


This implementation was solely responsible for the end of number one debuts. In the mid 90s, many songs were commercially released as singles after airplay was given a chance to grow to its maximum potential. This allowed songs to enter the Hot 100 at the top, a feat unheard of before 1995. Ten songs were able to do this, but after this change to the Hot 100, only four singles (all American Idol participants) were able to debut at number one and only because airplay of their singles was too insignificant to allow them to enter the Hot 100 otherwise. American Idol, formerly known as American Idol: The Search for a Superstar, is an American television series. ...


Criticisms

The Hot 100 is often criticised for weighing airplay more than sales. In a market where many believe sales to reflect music popularity more than airplay, this can be considered unfair. Billboard, however, has adjusted the ratio given to sales and airplay ever since the Hot 100's inception in 1958. During periods in which singles were the main format in which people bought popular music (the 1950s and 1960s, for example), sales points were given more "weight" in Hot 100 calculation. As the singles market dwindled in the United States, it was necessary for Billboard to adjust the sales/airplay ratio to favor airplay points, as a song that topped the Hot 100 Sales chart would sell only a few thousand copies in a week.


Records

Highest debut

Madonna set a record in 1992 when the lead single and title track from her fifth studio album Erotica debuted at #2 on the Hot 100 Airplay Chart. Madonna Louise Ciccone Ritchie (born August 16, 1958), better known as simply Madonna, is an American Grammy award winning pop singer, songwriter, musician, record and film producer, dancer, actress, author and a fashion trendsetter. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Erotica was the first single from Madonnas 1992 album Erotica. ... Erotica is the fifth studio album and ninth recording by singer Madonna, which was released on October 20, 1992. ...


Most weeks at number one

"Iris" by the Goo Goo Dolls topped the Hot 100 Airplay Chart for 18 weeks in 1998. Iris is a song by American alternative rock band the Goo Goo Dolls. ... The Goo Goo Dolls are an alternative rock band formed in 1986 in Buffalo, New York by guitarist/vocalist Johnny Rzeznik and bassist/vocalist Robby Takac. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...


Most impressions in a week

"We Belong Together" by Mariah Carey scored 223 million impressions in the week ending July 15, 2005. We Belong Together is a pop–R&B song recorded by Mariah Carey for her ninth studio album The Emancipation of Mimi (2005); and went on to become of of the biggest number 1 singles of all time - stay at number 1 for 14 weeks. ... July 15 is the 196th day (197th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 169 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Most impressions in a day

"We Belong Together" by Mariah Carey scored 32.8 million impressions. We Belong Together is a pop–R&B song recorded by Mariah Carey for her ninth studio album The Emancipation of Mimi (2005); and went on to become of of the biggest number 1 singles of all time - stay at number 1 for 14 weeks. ...


Most cumulative weeks at number one

Mariah Carey holds the record for the most weeks at number one in total with 89 weeks atop the chart. Boyz II Men has second place with 50 weeks atop the chart. Mariah Carey (born March 27, 1970) is a Grammy Award-winning American pop and R&B singer, songwriter, record producer, music video director and actress. ... Boyz II Men are an American R&B/soul singing group from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ...


External links

  • [http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/charts/chart_display.jsp?g=Singles&f=Hot+100+Airpl
 Current Hot 100 - Top 25 Positions] 

 
 

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