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Encyclopedia > Billboard (magazine)
Enya on the cover of Billboard magazine, 2005.

Billboard is a weekly American magazine devoted to the music industry. It maintains several internationally recognized music charts that track the most popular songs and albums in various categories on a weekly basis. Its most famous chart, the "Billboard Hot 100", ranks the top 100 songs regardless of genre and is frequently used as the standard measure for ranking songs in the United States. The "Billboard 200" survey is the corresponding chart for album sales. Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Billboard can refer to: Billboard magazine Billboard (advertising) Billboard antenna In 3D computer graphics, to billboard is to rotate an object so that it faces the viewer. ... Billboard can refer to: Billboard (advertising), a large outdoor sign usually used for advertising Billboard (magazine), a magazine devoted to the music industry The Billboard charts, inspired by the magazine The Billboard Music Award, sponsored by the magazine Billboard antenna, an array of parallel antennas with flat reflectors A method... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For the letter Ñ pronounced Enye, see Ñ. Enya, birth name Eithne Patricia Ní Bhraonáin (IPA: ), sometimes presented in the media as Enya Brennan, was born on 17 May 1961, in Gweedore, County Donegal, and is a four-time Grammy Award-winning singer, an Academy Award-nominated songwriter, and Irelands... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... A record chart, also known as a music chart, is a method of ranking music according to popularity during a given period of time. ... The Billboard Hot 100 is the United States music industry standard singles popularity chart issued weekly by Billboard magazine. ... The Billboard 200 is a ranking of the 200 highest-selling music albums and EPs in the United States, published weekly by Billboard magazine. ... An album is a collection of related audio tracks distributed to the public. ...

Contents

History

When founded in 1894, Billboard magazine was a trade paper for the bill posting industry, hence the magazine's name. Within a few years of its founding, it began to carry news of outdoor amusements, a major consumer of billboard space. Eventually Billboard became the paper of record for circuses, carnivals, amusement parks, fairs, vaudeville, minstrels, whale shows and other live entertainment. The magazine began coverage of motion pictures in 1909 and of radio in the 1920s. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Big Top of Billy Smarts Circus Cambridge 2004. ... Carnival or Carnivale is an annual Christian festival season. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Roundabouts (or carousels) are traditional attractions, often seen at fairs. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... FUCK YOU BITCHES ... A Fin Whale The term whale is ambiguous: it can refer to all cetaceans, to just the larger ones, or only to members of particular families within the order Cetacea. ... For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as...


It was the development of the juke box industry during the 1930s which led Billboard to begin publishing the music charts for which it ultimately became famous. This also began the process which would lead the magazine to gradually cede coverage of other parts of the entertainment industry to such publications as Variety and The Hollywood Reporter. It continued to carry news of fairs, carnivals, theme parks and other outdoor entertainments until 1961 when these departments were transferred to a new weekly magazine called Amusement Business. A jukebox is a partially automated music-playing device, usually a coin-operated machine, that can play specially selected songs from self-contained media. ... Variety is a daily magazine for the entertainment industry. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


From 1961 until 2005, Billboard was devoted entirely to the music industry. In 2005 the magazine and its web sites were repositioned to provide coverage of all forms of digital and mobile entertainment. Amusement Business prospered for a few decades, but was struggling by the beginning of the new century. Shortly after that its frequency of publication was reduced to monthly, and it finally ceased publication altogether following its May, 2006 issue. The music industry is the industry that creates, performs, promotes, and preserves music. ...


Billboard charts

Main article: Billboard charts

On January 4, 1936 Billboard magazine published its first music hit parade and on July 20, 1940 the first Music Popularity Chart was calculated. Since 1958 the Hot 100 has been published, combining single sales and radio airplay. On January 4, 1936, Billboard magazine published its first music hit parade and on July 20, 1940 the first Music Popularity Chart was calculated. ... January 4 is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The Billboard Hot 100 is the United States music industry standard singles popularity chart issued weekly by Billboard magazine. ... A collection of various CD singles In music, a single is a short recording of one or more separate tracks. ... Airplay is a technical term used in the radio industry to state how frequently a song is being played on a radio station. ...


To this day, the most successful acts on the Billboard charts are The Beatles, Elvis Presley, Madonna, Michael Jackson, The Bee Gees, The Supremes, Mariah Carey, Janet Jackson, Bing Crosby, Pink Floyd, Justin Timberlake, and Elton John. The Beatles were an English rock band from Liverpool whose members were John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr. ... Elvis Aron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977), often known simply as Elvis and also called The King of Rock n Roll or simply The King, was an American singer, musician and actor. ... Madonna Louise Ciccone Ritchie (born August 16, 1958), better known as simply Madonna, is a six-time Grammy[1] and one-time Golden Globe award winning American pop singer, songwriter, record and film producer, dancer, actress, author and fashion icon. ... For other persons named Michael Jackson, see Michael Jackson (disambiguation). ... The Bee Gees: Maurice, Barry and Robin The Bee Gees were a British and Australian band, originally a pop singer-songwriter combination, reborn as funk and disco. ... The Supremes were a Motown all-female singing group. ... Mariah Carey (born March 27, 1970) is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, music video director and actress. ... Janet Damita Jo Jackson (born May 16, 1966) is a Grammy Award-winning, and Academy Award-nominated American singer, songwriter, composer, actress, dancer, choreographer, record producer, and activist. ... Harry Lillis Bing Crosby (May 3, 1903 – October 14, 1977) was an American singer and actor whose career lasted from 1926 until his death in 1977. ... Pink Floyd are a British rock band that earned recognition for their psychedelic rock music, and, as they evolved, for their avant-garde progressive rock music. ... Justin Randall Timberlake (born January 31, 1981) is a two-time Grammy Award-winning American pop/R&B singer, and actor. ... Sir Elton Hercules[1] John CBE [2] (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight on 25 March 1947) is a multiple Grammy and Academy Award-winning English pop/rock singer, composer and pianist. ...


Radio countdown programs

For many years, the weekly syndicated radio program "American Top 40," hosted by Casey Kasem (July 4, 1970 to August 6, 1988), and Shadoe Stevens (August 13, 1988 to January 28, 1995), played the top 40 songs on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in reverse order; in 1991, it switched to using the Billboard Radio Monitor top 40 chart. Later, in 1993, it began using the Billboard Top 40 Mainstream chart, which it used until it temporarily went off the air in 1995. When the show returned in 1998, it no longer used Billboard charts as its source. American Top 40 (commonly abbreviated to AT40) is an independent internationally-syndicated radio program currently hosted by Ryan Seacrest. ... Casey Kasem (born Kemal Amin Kasem on April 27, 1932, in Detroit, Michigan of Palestinian/Lebanese heritage) is an American radio personality and voice actor. ... Shadoe Stevens (born Terry Ingstad in 1946 in Jamestown, North Dakota) was the host of American Top 40, heard in 120 countries by an estimated one billion people a week, from 1988 to 1995. ... Top 40 is a radio format based on frequent repetition of songs from a constantly-updated list of the forty best-selling singles. ... The Billboard Hot 100 is the United States music industry standard singles popularity chart issued weekly by Billboard magazine. ... Billboard Radio Monitor is a weekly music trade publication that follows the radio industry and tracks the monitoring of current songs by format, station and audience cumes. ... Top 40 Mainstream (often also called Mainstream Top 40) is an airplay format from Billboard Magazine. ...


A country music version of "American Top 40", called "American Country Countdown", has been on the air since October 1973. The show is hosted each week by Kix Brooks of the country duo Brooks & Dunn, who replaced radio legend Bob Kingsley in January 2006. American Country Countdown uses the top 40 songs of the Billboard Hot Country Songs chart. American Top 40 (commonly abbreviated to AT40) is an independent internationally-syndicated radio program currently hosted by Ryan Seacrest. ... American Country Countdown -- also known as ACC or American Country Countdown with Kix Brooks -- is an internationally syndicated radio program which counts down the top 40 country songs of the previous week, from No. ... Brooks & Dunn are a country music singer/songwriter duo, one of the most successful in the history of country music. ... Brooks & Dunn is an American country music singer-songwriter duo. ... Bob Kingsley is a country music radio personality and host of the nationally syndicated programs Bob Kingsleys Country Top 40 and Bob Kingsley with Todays Hit Makers. ... American Country Countdown -- also known as ACC or American Country Countdown with Kix Brooks -- is an internationally syndicated radio program which counts down the top 40 country songs of the previous week, from No. ... Hot Country Songs is a chart released weekly by Billboard magazine in the United States. ...


Billboard today

Billboard magazine covers every aspect of the music business, from radio and television to CD, DVD and video cassette sales and internet music downloads. It features news stories and opinion articles. For the most part, Billboard is intended for music professionals, such as record label executives and DJs. It is generally not intended for the general public, although it can occasionally be found at bookstores. However, despite their extensive coverage of the entertainment business, they remain best known for their charts. The editorial coverage and broader strategy is guided by its editorial director, Scott A. McKenzie CD may stand for: Compact Disc Canadian Forces Decoration Cash Dispenser (at least used in Japan) CD LPMud Driver Centrum-Demokraterne (Centre Democrats of Denmark) Certificate of Deposit České Dráhy (Czech Railways) Chad (NATO country code) Chalmers Datorförening (computer club of the Chalmers University of Technology) a 1960s... DVD (commonly known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is an optical disc storage media format that can be used for data storage, including movies with high video and sound quality. ... The video cassette recorder (or VCR, less popularly video tape recorder) is a type of video tape recorder that uses removable cassettes containing magnetic tape to record audio and video from a television broadcast so it can be played back later. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For other meanings of DJ, see DJ (disambiguation). ... Scott McKenzie is Group Editorial Director for the Billboard Information Group. ...


Online Video: Billboard.com carries a 60-second news video about the world of music hosted by Danielle Flora called "Billboard In Sixty" [1]. Another program is "Billboard Underground" [2] which is artist interviews, performances and out-takes. Artists have included Ace Young, Wes Hutchinson, and Ryan Starr. Billboard Underground is also on MySpace at [3] photo from Breaking All The Rules album book She Moves was an American R&B/Pop trio consisting of Carla Duren, Danielle Flora and Diana Bologna, all who were former New York Knicks City Dancers dancers. ... Brett Asa Ace Young (born November 15, 1980) is an American singer-songwriter and actor. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Corporate ownership

As of 2007, Billboard is owned by the Dutch conglomerate The Nielsen Company. A conglomerate is a large company that consists of divisions of often seemingly unrelated businesses. ... The Nielsen Company is a global information and media company. ...


Further reading

  • Durkee, Rob. "American Top 40: The Countdown of the Century." Schriner Books, New York City, 1999.
  • Battistini, Pete, "American Top 40 with Casey Kasem The 1970s." Authorhouse.com, January 31, 2005. ISBN 1-4184-1070-5.

New York, New York redirects here. ... January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Billboard official site
  • Billboard history, at Billboard.com
  • American Country Countdown

  Results from FactBites:
 
Billboard Magazine - Buy Mag - Billboards Charts - Top 10 20 40 100 Music Chart - Singles - Albums (2107 words)
Billboard Magazine is the number one news weekly for the music, video and home entertainment industries.
One of Billboard's biggest predictions as to a song that could possibly break the record was a 1998 duet between two people who have held the record: Mariah Carey and Whitney Houston.
The four years Billboard posted the least amount of #1's in Hot 100 history were 2002 (7 #1 hits), 1996 (8 #1 hits), 1994 and 1997 (9 #1 hits).
Billboard magazine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (464 words)
Billboard is a weekly American magazine devoted to the music industry.
Its most famous chart, the "Billboard Hot 100", ranks the top 100 songs regardless of genre and is frequently used as the standard measure for ranking songs in the United States.
When founded in 1894, Billboard magazine was a trade paper for the bill posting industry, hence the magazine's name.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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