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Encyclopedia > Bill Gates
William Henry Gates III

Bill Gates at IT Forum in Denmark (2004)
Born October 28, 1955 (1955-10-28) (age 51)
Flag of the United States Seattle, Washington
Occupation Chairman, Microsoft
Co-Chair, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
Salary US$966,667[1]
Net worth US$56 billion (2007)[2]
Spouse Melinda Gates (1994-present)
Children 3
Website Microsoft

Gates Foundation Image File history File linksMetadata Bill_Gates_2004_cr. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... “Seattle” redirects here. ... Official language(s) English Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,827 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... A chairperson is the political correct term for the presiding officer of a meeting, organization, committee, or other deliberative body. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (B&MGF) is the largest transparently operated[2] charitable foundation in the world, founded by Bill and Melinda Gates in 2000 and doubled in size by Warren Buffett in 2006. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ... Melinda French Gates (born Melinda Ann French on August 15, 1964) is a former unit manager for several Microsoft products: Publisher, Microsoft Bob, Encarta, and Expedia. ...

William Henry Gates III (born October 28, 1955) is an American entrepreneur, philanthropist and chairman of Microsoft, the software company he founded with Paul Allen. During his career at Microsoft he has held the positions of CEO and chief software architect, and he remains the largest individual shareholder with more than 8% of the common stock.[3] The annual Forbes magazine's list of The World's Billionaires has ranked Gates as the richest person in the world since 1995, with recent estimates putting his net worth near $56 billion.[2] When family wealth is considered, his family ranks second behind the Walton family, heirs of Wal-Mart founder Sam Walton. In July 2007, Fortune Magazine reported that the increase in value of Mexican billionaire Carlos Slim's holdings of stock caused him to surpass Bill Gates as the world's richest man.[4][5] Bill Gates may refer to the following people: Bill Gates, founder of Microsoft William Thomas George Gates, (1908-1990), British banker William Henry Gates, Jr. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... For the sequel to the computer game Entrepreneur, which has no article of it own, see The Corporate Machine. ... A philanthropist is someone who engages in philanthropy; that is, someone who donates his or her time, money, or reputation to a charitable cause. ... The phrase Chairman of the Board has several meanings: Chairman of the Board is the term used to denote the leader of a corporations board of directors. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Paul Gardner Allen (born January 21, 1953 in Seattle, Washington) is an American entrepreneur who formed Microsoft with Bill Gates. ... A Chief Executive Officer (CEO), or Chief Executive, is the highest-ranking corporate officer, administrator, corporate administrator, executive, or executive officer, in charge of total management of a corporation, company, organization or agency. ... The software architecture of a program or computing system is the structure or structures of the system, which comprise software elements, the externally visible properties of those elements, and the relationships between them. ... Common stock, also referred to as common shares, are, as the name implies, the most usual and commonly held form of stock in a corporation. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Billion and Billionaire in the context of the following lists refers to the short scale meaning of the word i. ... Gates family refers to the members of Bill Gates family and relatives who include: William Henry Gates, Sr. ... The Walton Family is arguably the richest family in the world (the dispersed fortunes of the Rockefellers and the like being unknown to the public), their wealth inherited from Bud and Sam Walton, founders of the worlds largest retailer, Wal-Mart. ... Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... Samuel Moore Walton (March 29, 1918 – April 6, 1992), born in Kingfisher, Oklahoma was the founder of two American retailers Wal-Mart and Sams Club. ... Carlos Slim Helú (born January 28, 1940 in Mexico City) is a Mexican businessman [1] and the worlds richest person. ...


Gates is one of the best-known entrepreneurs of the personal computer revolution. Although he is widely admired,[6][7][8] his business tactics have been criticized as anti-competitive and in some instances ruled as such in court.[9][10] Since amassing his fortune, Gates has pursued a number of philanthropic endeavors, donating large amounts of money to various charitable organizations and scientific research programs through the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, established in 2000. Philanthropy is the act of donating money, goods, time, or effort to support a charitable cause, usually over an extended period of time and in regard to a defined objective. ... The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (B&MGF) is the largest transparently operated[2] charitable foundation in the world, founded by Bill and Melinda Gates in 2000 and doubled in size by Warren Buffett in 2006. ...

Contents

Early life

Álvaro Uribe (the president of Colombia) and Bill Gates

William Henry Gates III was born in Seattle, Washington to William H. Gates, Jr. (now Sr.) and Mary Maxwell Gates. His family was wealthy; his father was a prominent lawyer, his mother served on the board of directors for First Interstate Bank and the United Way, and her father, J. W. Maxwell, was a national bank president. Gates has one older sister, Kristi (Kristianne), and one younger sister, Libby. He was the fourth of his name in his family, but was known as William Gates III or "Trey" because his father had dropped his own "III" suffix.[11] Several writers claim that Maxwell set up a million-dollar trust fund for Gates.[12] A 1993 biographer who interviewed both Gates and his parents (among other sources) found no evidence of this and dismissed it as one of the "fictions" surrounding Gates's fortune.[11] Gates denied the trust fund story in a 1994 interview[13] and indirectly in his 1995 book The Road Ahead.[14] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Álvaro Uribe Vélez (born July 4, 1952) is the 56th President of Colombia, whose first term ran from 2002-2006 and is currently serving his second term from 2006-2010. ... “Seattle” redirects here. ... Official language(s) English Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,827 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... William Henry Gates, Sr. ... Mary Maxwell Gates (born 1929) served 18 years (1975-1993) on the University of Washington board of regents. ... The United Way of America is a coalition of charitable organizations in the United States that have traditionally pooled efforts in fundraising. ... The term national bank has several meanings: especially in developing countries, a bank owned by the state an ordinary private bank which operates nationally (as opposed to regionally or locally or even internationally) In the past, the term national bank has been used synonymously with central bank, but it is... Trey could refer to: A nickname for those who are the third of their name. ... In common law legal systems, a trust is a relationship in which a person or entity (the trustee) has legal control over certain property (the trust property or trust corpus), but is bound by a fiduciary duty to exercise that legal control for the benefit of someone else (the beneficiary...


Gates excelled in elementary school, particularly in mathematics and the sciences. At thirteen he enrolled in the Lakeside School, Seattle's most exclusive preparatory school. When he was in the eighth grade, the school mothers used proceeds from Lakeside's rummage sale to buy an ASR-33 teletype terminal and a block of computer time on a General Electric computer.[11] Gates took an interest in programming the GE system in BASIC and was excused from math classes to pursue his interest. After the Mothers Club donation was exhausted he and other students sought time on other systems, including DEC PDP minicomputers. One of these systems was a PDP-10 belonging to Computer Center Corporation, which banned the Lakeside students for the summer after it caught them exploiting bugs in the operating system to obtain free computer time. Euclid, Greek mathematician, 3rd century BC, as imagined by by Raphael in this detail from The School of Athens. ... Part of a scientific laboratory at the University of Cologne. ... Lakeside School is a private school for grades five through twelve located in the Haller Lake neighborhood at the north city limits of Seattle, Washington, USA. It was founded in 1914 by Frank Moran as the Moran School on Bainbridge Island. ... A garage sale (also known as a yard sale, rummage sale, or jumble sale) is an informal, irregularly scheduled marketplace of used household goods, typically sold by one or at most a few families. ... ASR33 Teletype Introduced about 1963, Teletype Corporations ASR33 was a very popular model of teleprinter. ... A teleprinter (teletypewriter, teletype or TTY) is a now largely obsolete electro-mechanical typewriter which can be used to communicate typed messages from point to point through a simple electrical communications channel, often just a pair of wires. ... A computer terminal is an electronic or electromechanical hardware device that is used for entering data into, and displaying data from, a computer or a computing system. ... This article is about the American company. ... BASIC (Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) is a family of high-level programming languages. ... The DEC logo Digital Equipment Corporation was a pioneering American company in the computer industry. ... Programmed Data Processor (abbreviated PDP) was the name of a series of computers, several of them ground-breaking and very influential, made by Digital Equipment Corporation. ... Minicomputer (colloquially, mini) is a largely obsolete term for a class of multi-user computers which make up the middle range of the computing spectrum, in between the largest multi-user systems (traditionally, mainframe computers) and the smallest single-user systems (microcomputers or personal computers). ... The PDP-10 was a computer manufactured by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) from the late 1960s on; the name stands for Programmed Data Processor model 10. It was the machine that made time-sharing common; it looms large in hacker folklore because of its adoption in the 1970s by many... It has been suggested that Maintenance OS be merged into this article or section. ...


At the end of the ban, the Lakeside students (Gates, Paul Allen, Ric Weiland, and Kent Evans) offered to find bugs in CCC's software in exchange for free computer time. Rather than use the system via teletype, Gates went to CCC's offices and studied source code for various programs that ran on the system, not only in BASIC but FORTRAN, LISP, and machine language as well. The arrangement with CCC continued until 1970, when it went out of business. The following year Information Sciences Inc. hired the Lakeside students to write a payroll program in COBOL, providing them not only computer time but royalties as well. At age 14, Gates also formed a venture with Allen, called Traf-O-Data, to make traffic counters based on the Intel 8008 processor. That first year he made $20,000; however, when his age was discovered, business slowed.[15][16] Paul Gardner Allen (born January 21, 1953 in Seattle, Washington) is an American entrepreneur who formed Microsoft with Bill Gates. ... Richard W. Ric Weiland (1953 - 2006) was a computer software pioneer and philanthropist. ... Source code (commonly just source or code) is any series of statements written in some human-readable computer programming language. ... Fortran (previously FORTRAN[1]) is a general-purpose[2], procedural,[3] imperative programming language that is especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing. ... For the programming language, see Lisp (programming language). ... A system of codes directly understandable by a computers CPU is termed this CPUs native or machine language. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Traf-O-Data was a partnership between Bill Gates, Paul Allen, and Paul Gilbert. ... A traffic counter is a device, often electromechanical in nature, used to count, classify, and/or, measure the speed of vehicles passing across a given roadway. ... Intel 8008 The Intel 8008 was an early microprocessor designed and manufactured by Intel and introduced in April, 1972. ...


As a youth, Bill Gates was active in the Boy Scouts of America where he achieved its second highest rank, Life Scout. According to a press inquiry, Bill Gates stated that he scored 1590 on his SATs.[17] He enrolled at Harvard University in the fall of 1973 intending to get a pre-law degree,[18] but did not have a definite study plan.[19] While at Harvard, he met his future business partner, Steve Ballmer, whom he later appointed as CEO of Microsoft. At the same time, he co-authored and published a paper on algorithms with computer scientist Christos Papadimitriou.[20] For the Boy Scouting program within the BSA, see Boy Scouting (Boy Scouts of America). ... The SAT Reasoning Test is a standardized test for college admissions in the United States. ... Harvard University (incorporated as The President and Fellows of Harvard College) is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA and a member of the Ivy League. ... A pre-law degree is one preparing for law school. ... Wall Street, Manhattan is the location of the New York Stock Exchange and is often used as a symbol for the world of business. ... Steven Anthony Ballmer (born March 24, 1956 in Detroit, Michigan) is an American businessman and has been the chief executive officer of Microsoft Corporation since January 2000. ... Christos Papadimitriou is a Professor in the Computer Science Division at the University of California, Berkeley, USA. He studied at the National Technical University of Athens (BS in Electrical Engineering, 1972) and at Princeton University (MS in Electrical Engineering, 1974 and PhD in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 1976). ...


Microsoft

Main article: Microsoft

Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ...

BASIC

After reading the January 1975 issue of Popular Electronics that demonstrated the Altair 8800, Gates contacted MITS (Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems), the creators of the new microcomputer, to inform them that he and others were working on a BASIC interpreter for the platform.[21] In reality, Gates and Allen did not have an Altair and had not written code for it; they merely wanted to gauge MITS's interest. MITS president Ed Roberts agreed to meet them for a demo, and over the course of a few weeks they developed an Altair emulator that ran on a minicomputer, and then the BASIC interpreter. The demonstration, held at MITS's offices in Albuquerque, was a success and resulted in a deal with MITS to distribute the interpreter as Altair BASIC. Paul Allen was hired into MITS,[22] and Gates took a leave of absence from Harvard to work with Allen at MITS, dubbing their partnership "Micro-soft" in November 1975.[22] Within a year, the hyphen was dropped, and on November 26, 1976, the tradename "Microsoft" was registered with the USPTO.[22] The cover of the premier issue of Popular Electronics magazine Popular Electronics was started by Ziff-Davis in October 1954. ... The current version of the article or section is written like a magazine article instead of the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia. ... Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems (MITS) was an Albuquerque, New Mexico company founded in 1968 by Ed Roberts. ... Screenshot of Atari BASIC, an early BASIC language for small computers. ... Ed Roberts (born 1942) was the founder and president of Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems (MITS) which built the Altair 8800, one of the very first hobbyist personal computers. ... DosBox emulates the familiar command line interface of DOS. An emulator duplicates (provide an emulation of) the functions of one system with a different system, so that the second system behaves like (and appears to be) the first system. ... Altair BASIC, in its first incarnation, MITS 4K BASIC, was a true milestone in software history — the first programming language for the worlds first truly personal computer, the MITS Altair 8800. ... A partnership is a type of business entity in which partners share with each other the profits or losses of the business undertaking in which all have invested. ... is the 330th day of the year (331st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Patent and Trademark Office (PTO or USPTO) is an agency in the United States Department of Commerce that provides patent and trademark protection to inventors and businesses for their inventions and corporate and product identification. ...


Microsoft's BASIC was popular with computer hobbyists, but Gates discovered that a pre-market copy had leaked into the community and was being widely copied and distributed. In February 1976, Gates wrote an Open Letter to Hobbyists in the MITS newsletter saying that MITS could not continue to produce, distribute, and maintain high-quality software without payment.[23] This letter was unpopular with many computer hobbyists, but Gates persisted in his belief that software developers should be able to demand payment. Microsoft became independent of MITS in late 1976, and it continued to develop programming language software for various systems. The Open Letter to Hobbyists was an open letter written on February 3, 1976 by Bill Gates, the founder of Microsoft. ...


According to Gates, people at Microsoft often did more than one job during the early years; whoever answered the phone when an order came in was responsible for packing and mailing it. Gates oversaw the business details, but continued to write code as well. In the first five years, he personally reviewed every line of code the company shipped, and often rewrote parts of it as he saw fit.[24]


IBM partnership

In 1980 IBM approached Microsoft to make the BASIC interpreter for its upcoming personal computer, the IBM PC. When IBM's representatives mentioned that they needed an operating system, Gates referred them to Digital Research (DRI), makers of the widely used CP/M operating system.[25] IBM's discussions with Digital Research went poorly, and they did not reach a licensing agreement. IBM representative Jack Sams mentioned the licensing difficulties during a subsequent meeting with Gates and told him to get an acceptable operating system. A few weeks later Gates proposed using 86-DOS (QDOS), an operating system similar to CP/M and which Tim Paterson of Seattle Computer Products had made for hardware similar to the PC. Microsoft made a deal with SCP to become the exclusive licensing agent, and later the full owner, of 86-DOS, but did not mention that IBM was a potential customer. Gates never understood why DRI had walked away from the deal, and in later years he claimed that DRI founder Gary Kildall capriciously "went flying" during an IBM appointment, a characterization that Kildall and other DRI employees would deny. After adapting the operating system for the PC, Microsoft delivered it to IBM as PC-DOS in exchange for a one-time fee[26], without transferring to IBM the ownership of the source code of the PC's operating system. There never has been an authoritative explanation why IBM, which in effect paid for its development, did not insist on gaining the ownership of the source code. IBM redirects here. ... IBM PC (IBM 5150) with keyboard and green screen monochrome monitor (IBM 5151), running MS-DOS 5. ... It has been suggested that Maintenance OS be merged into this article or section. ... Digital Research, Inc. ... CP/M was an operating system originally created for Intel 8080/85 based microcomputers by Gary Kildall of Digital Research, Inc. ... 86-DOS was an operating system developed and marketed by Seattle Computer Products for its Intel 8086-based computer kit. ... Tim Paterson (born 1956) is an American computer programmer, best known as the original author of the popular MS-DOS operating system. ... Seattle Computer Products (SCP) is a Seattle, Washington computer hardware company. ... Gary Arlen Kildall (May 19, 1942 – July 11, 1994) was an early American microcomputer entrepreneur who created the CP/M operating system and founded Digital Research, Inc. ... IBM PC-DOS was one of the three major operating systems that dominated the personal computer market from about 1985 to 1995. ... Source code (commonly just source or code) is any series of statements written in some human-readable computer programming language. ... It has been suggested that Maintenance OS be merged into this article or section. ...


As several companies reverse-engineered the IBM architecture and developed clones[27] Microsoft was quick to license DOS to other manufacturers, calling it MS-DOS (for Microsoft Disk Operating System). By marketing MS-DOS aggressively to manufacturers of IBM-PC clones and by virtue of its undivided ownership of the operating system's source code, Microsoft went from a small player to one of the major software vendors in the home computer industry. Microsoft continued to develop operating systems as well as software applications.[28][29] One of the first PCs from IBM - the IBM PC model 5150. ... Microsofts disk operating system, MS-DOS, was Microsofts implementation of DOS, which was the first popular operating system for the IBM PC, and until recently, was widely used on the PC compatible platform. ... A floppy disk is a data storage device that is composed of a disk of thin, flexible (floppy) magnetic storage medium encased in a square or rectangular plastic shell. ... It has been suggested that Maintenance OS be merged into this article or section. ... Application software is a subclass of computer software that employs the capabilities of a computer directly to a task that the user wishes to perform. ...


Windows

See also: History of Microsoft Windows

In the early 1980s Microsoft introduced its own version of the graphical user interface (GUI), based on ideas pioneered by the Xerox corporation, and further developed by Apple.[30] Microsoft released "Windows" as an addition and alternative to their DOS command line, and to compete with other systems on the market that employed a GUI. By the early 1990s, Windows had pushed other DOS-based GUIs like GEM and GEOS out of the market. The release of Windows 3.0 in 1990 was a tremendous success, selling around 10 million copies in the first two years and cementing Microsoft's dominance in operating systems sales.[31] The Windows logo used since November 2006. ... A graphical user interface (GUI) is a type of user interface which allows people to interact with a computer and computer-controlled devices which employ graphical icons, visual indicators or special graphical elements called widgets, along with text labels or text navigation to represent the information and actions available to... Xerox Corporation (NYSE: XRX) (name pronounced ) is a global document management company, which manufactures and sells a range of color and black-and-white printers, multifunction systems, photo copiers, digital production printing presses, and related consulting services and supplies. ... Apple Inc. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, the lead section of this article may need to be expanded. ... GEM (Graphical Environment Manager) was a windowing system created by Digital Research, Inc. ... PC/GEOS is a DOS-based graphical user interface and x86 operating system first created by Berkeley Softworks, later known as Geoworks by Geoworks Corporation, for the IBM PC and similar systems. ... Windows 3. ...


By continuing to ensure, by various means, that most computers came with Microsoft software pre-installed, the Microsoft corporation eventually became the largest software company in the world, earning Gates enough money that Forbes Magazine named him the wealthiest person in the world for several years.[32][33] Gates served as the CEO of the company until 2000, when Steve Ballmer took the position.[21] Microsoft has thousands of patents,[34] among which 2 US patents (5,552,982 and 7,106,725) include Gates as co-inventor [35]. Alternate meaning: For the Boston Brahmin family associated with John Forbes Kerry, see Forbes family. ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... Steven Anthony Ballmer (born March 24, 1956 in Detroit, Michigan) is an American businessman and has been the chief executive officer of Microsoft Corporation since January 2000. ...


Strategy and management

Bill Gates giving his deposition at Microsoft on August 27, 1998

Since Microsoft's founding in 1975 and as of 2006, Gates has had primary responsibility for Microsoft's product strategy. He has aggressively broadened the company's range of products, and wherever Microsoft has achieved a dominant position he has vigorously defended it. Many decisions that have led to antitrust litigation over Microsoft's business practices have had Gates' approval. In the 1998 United States v. Microsoft case, Gates gave deposition testimony that several journalists characterized as evasive. He argued with examiner David Boies over the definitions of words such as: compete, concerned, ask, and we.[36] BusinessWeek reported: Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... August 27 is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about anti-competitive business behavior. ... // General definition Business ethics is the branch of ethics that examines ethical rules and principles within a commercial context; the various moral or ethical problems that can arise in a business setting; and any special duties or obligations that apply to persons who are engaged in commerce. ... United States v. ... David Boies (born March 11, 1941) is a lawyer and a managing partner of Boies, Schiller & Flexner (BSF). ...

Early rounds of his deposition show him offering obfuscatory answers and saying 'I don't recall' so many times that even the presiding judge had to chuckle. Worse, many of the technology chief's denials and pleas of ignorance were directly refuted by prosecutors with snippets of e-mail Gates both sent and received.[37]

Gates later said that he had simply resisted attempts by Boies to mischaracterize his words and actions. As to his demeanor during the deposition, he said "Whatever that penalty is should be levied against me: rudeness to Boies in the first degree."[38] Despite Gates' denials, the judge ruled that Microsoft had committed monopolization and tying, blocking competition, in violation of the Sherman Act. The Sherman Antitrust Act was the first government action to limit trusts (A combination of firms or corporations who agree not to lower prices below a certain rate for the purpose of reducing competition and controlling prices throughout a business or an industry). ...


As an executive, Gates met regularly with Microsoft's senior managers and program managers. Most firsthand accounts of these meetings portray him as hostile, berating managers for perceived holes in their business strategies or their proposals which place the company's long-term interests at risk.[13][39][40] He has been described shouting at length at employees before letting them continue, with such remarks as "That's the stupidest thing I've ever heard!" and "Why don't you just give up your options and join the Peace Corps?"[41] However, he was also known to back down when the targets of his outbursts responded frankly and directly.[42] When subordinates appeared to be procrastinating, he was known to quip, "Do you want me to do it over the weekend?"[43][44] It has been suggested that Crisis corps be merged into this article or section. ...


Gates' role at Microsoft for most of its history has been primarily a management and executive role. However, he was an active software developer in the early years, particularly on the company's programming language products. (See also: DONKEY.BAS) He has not officially been on a development team since working on the TRS-80 Model 100 line, but he wrote code as late as 1989 that shipped in the company's products.[43] On June 15, 2006, Gates announced that he would transition out of his day-to-day role over the next two years to dedicate more time to philanthropy. He divided his responsibilities between two successors, placing Ray Ozzie in charge of day-to-day management and Craig Mundie in charge of long-term product strategy.[45][46] One of his last initiatives before announcing his departure was the creation of a robotics software group at Microsoft. A programming language is an artificial language that can be used to control the behavior of a machine, particularly a computer. ... Donkey, often known by its file name DONKEY.BAS, was a computer game written in 1981 and included with early versions of the PC-DOS operating system distributed with the original IBM PC. It is a driving game in which the player must avoid hitting donkeys. ... TRS 80 Model 100 was a portable computer introduced in 1983, made by Kyocera, and sold by Radio Shack. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ray Ozzie at the Web 2. ... Craig Mundie is chief technical officer of advanced strategies and policy at Microsoft and a well-known advocate of commercial software. ... Robotics is the science and technology of robots, their design, manufacture, and application. ...


Personal life

Gates married Melinda French of Dallas, Texas on January 1, 1994. They have three children: Jennifer Katharine Gates (1996), Rory John Gates (1999) and Phoebe Adele Gates (2002). Bill Gates' house is one of the most expensive houses in the world, and is a modern 21st century earth-sheltered home in the side of a hill overlooking Lake Washington in Medina, Washington. According to King County public records, as of 2006, the total assessed value of the property (land and house) is $125 million, and the annual property tax is just under $1 million. Also among Gates' private acquisitions is the Codex Leicester, a collection of writings by Leonardo da Vinci, which Gates bought for USD $30.8 million at an auction in 1994.[47] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1638x1181, 242 KB) Bill Gates and Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva in Davos. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1638x1181, 242 KB) Bill Gates and Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva in Davos. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Davos viewed from air Davos is a town in eastern Switzerland, in the canton of Graubünden, on the Landwasser River. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 2003 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Melinda French Gates (born Melinda Ann French on August 15, 1964) is a former unit manager for several Microsoft products: Publisher, Microsoft Bob, Encarta, and Expedia. ... Nickname: Motto: Live Large. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ... Bill Gates house is a large earth-sheltered mansion in the side of a hill overlooking Lake Washington in Medina, Washington (47°3740N, 122°1432W). ... Earth covered farm houses in Keldur, Iceland. ... Lake Washington is the second largest natural lake in Washington State, USA, after Lake Chelan, and the largest lake in King County. ... Medina is a city located in King County, Washington, on the eastern shore of Lake Washington opposite Seattle. ... Official language(s) English Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,827 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... King County redirects here; you may be looking for King County, Texas. ... 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Codex Leicester is a collection of largely scientific writings by Leonardo da Vinci. ... The Mona Lisa Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (April 15, 1452 – May 2, 1519) was an Italian polymath: scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, painter, sculptor, architect, musician, and writer. ...


Gates' e-mail address has been widely publicized, and he received as many as 4,000,000 e-mails in 2004, most of which were spam.[48] He has said that much of this junk mail "offers to help [him] get out of debt or get rich quick", which "would be funny if it weren't so irritating".[49] E-mail spam, also known as bulk or junk e-mail is a subset of spam that involves sending nearly identical messages to numerous recipients by e-mail. ...


Wealth and investments

Gates has been number one on the "Forbes 400" list from 1993 through to 2006 and number one on Forbes list of "The World's Richest People" from 1995 to 2006 with 57 billion U.S. dollars. In 1999, Gates's wealth briefly surpassed $100 billion causing him to be referred to in the media as a "centibillionaire".[50] Since 2000, the nominal value of his Microsoft holdings has declined due to a fall in Microsoft's stock price after the dot-com bubble and the multi-billion dollar donations he has made to his charitable foundations. In May 2006, Gates said in an interview that he wished that he were not the richest man in the world, stating that he disliked the attention it brought.[51] A July 3, 2007 report by Mexican financial journalist Eduardo Garcia indicated that Gates' position as the wealthiest person in the world has in fact been usurped by telecommunications magnate Carlos Slim Helú.[52] The Forbes 400 or 400 Richest Americans (est. ... Billion and Billionaire in the context of the following lists refers to the short scale meaning of the word i. ... The dot-com bubble was a speculative bubble covering roughly 1995–2001 during which stock markets in Western nations saw their value increase rapidly from growth in the new Internet sector and related fields. ... Telecommunication involves the transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... Carlos Slim Helú (born January 28, 1940 in Mexico City) is a Mexican businessman [1] and the worlds richest person. ...


Gates has several investments outside Microsoft. He founded Corbis, a digital imaging company, in 1989. In 2004 he became a director of Berkshire Hathaway, the investment company headed by longtime friend Warren Buffett.[53] He is a client of Cascade Investment Group, a wealth management firm with diverse holdings. Corbis is a seller of high-quality photography and film footage and related rights, based in Seattle, Washington. ... In relation to a company, a director is an officer (that is, someone who works for the company) charged with the conduct and management of its affairs. ... Berkshire Hathaway (NYSE: BRKA, NYSE: BRKB) is a holding company headquartered in Omaha, Nebraska, U.S., that oversees and manages a number of subsidiary companies. ... Warren Edward Buffett (b. ... Wealth Management is a term that originated in the 1990s in the United States within Broker Dealers, Banks, and Insurance Companies. ...


Philanthropy

Gates in Poland, 2006
Gates in Poland, 2006

In 2000, Gates and his wife founded the charitable Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The generosity and extensive philanthropy of David Rockefeller has been credited as a major influence. Bill Gates and his father have met with Rockefeller several times and have modeled their giving in part on the Rockefeller family's philanthropic focus, namely those global problems that are ignored by governments and other organizations.[54] Image File history File links Bill_Gates_in_Poland. ... Image File history File links Bill_Gates_in_Poland. ... The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (B&MGF) is the largest transparently operated[2] charitable foundation in the world, founded by Bill and Melinda Gates in 2000 and doubled in size by Warren Buffett in 2006. ... David Rockefeller, Sr. ... The Rockefeller family, founded by John D. Rockefeller (1839-1937) (Senior) and his brother William Rockefeller (1841-1922), is an American industrial, banking, and philanthropic family of German American origin that made the worlds largest private fortune in the oil business during the late 19th and early 20th century...


The foundation's grants have provided funds for college scholarships for under-represented minorities, AIDS prevention, diseases prevalent in third world countries, and other causes. In 2000, the Gates Foundation endowed the University of Cambridge with $210 million for the Gates Cambridge Scholarships. The Foundation has also pledged over $7 billion to its various causes, including $1 billion to the United Negro College Fund. According to a 2004 Forbes magazine article, Gates gave away over $29 billion to charities from 2000 onwards. These donations are usually cited as sparking a substantial change in attitudes towards philanthropy among the very rich, with philanthropy becoming the norm.[55] Note: The term scholarship can mean either the methods employed by scholars (see scholarly method) or an award of access to an institution and/or money for an individual for the purposes of furthering their education. ... Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS or Aids) is a collection of symptoms and infections resulting from the specific damage to the immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). ... For the Jamaican reggae band, see Third World (band). ... The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and has a reputation as one of the worlds most prestigious universities. ... The Gates Cambridge Scholarships were established by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation in 2000, with a $210 million endowment. ... United Negro College Fund logo The United Negro College Fund (UNCF) is a Fairfax, Virginia-based American philanthropic organization that fundraises college tuition money for African-American students and general scholarship funds for 39 historically black colleges and universities. ... Philanthropy is the act of donating money, goods, time, or effort to support a charitable cause, usually over an extended period of time and in regard to a defined objective. ...


Transition

On June 16, 2006, Gates announced that he would move to a part-time role within Microsoft (leaving day-to-day operations management)[56] in July 2008 to begin a full-time career in philanthropy, but would remain as chairman. Gates credited Warren Buffett with influencing his decision to commit himself to charitable causes.[57] Days later, Buffett announced that he would begin matching Gates' contributions to the Gates Foundation, up to $1.5 billion per year in stock.[58] is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Philanthropy is the act of donating money, goods, time, or effort to support a charitable cause, usually over an extended period of time and in regard to a defined objective. ... A Chairman is the presiding officer of a meeting, organization, committee, or other deliberative body. ... Warren Edward Buffett (b. ...


Awards and recognition

Bill Gates with President of Mexico Felipe Calderón, receiving the Order of the Aztec Eagle condecoration, March 20, 2007

Time Magazine named Gates one of the 100 people who most influenced the 20th century, as well as one of the 100 most influential people of 2004, 2005, 2006 and again in 2007. Gates and Oprah Winfrey are the only two people to make all four lists. Time also collectively named Gates, his wife Melinda and U2's lead singer Bono as the 2005 Persons of the Year for their humanitarian efforts. In a list compiled by the magazine New Statesman in 2006, he was voted eighth in the list of "Heroes of our time".[59] Gates was listed in the Sunday Times power list in 1999, named CEO of the year by Chief Executive Officers magazine in 1994, ranked number one in the "Top 50 Cyber Elite" by Time in 1998, ranked number two in the Upside Elite 100 in 1999 and was included in The Guardian as one of the "Top 100 influential people in media" in 2001. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The President of the United Mexican States is the head of state of Mexico. ... Felipe de Jesús Calderón Hinojosa (b. ... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The International Consumer Electronics Show (CES) is a trade show held each January in Las Vegas, Nevada, and is sponsored by the Consumer Electronics Association. ... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... (Clockwise from upper left) Time magazine covers from May 7, 1945; July 25, 1969; December 31, 1999; September 14, 2001; and April 21, 2003. ... Oprah Winfrey, (born January 29, 1954) is a multiple-Emmy Award winning host of The Oprah Winfrey Show, the highest rated talk show in television history. ... The 1999 cover of Time magazine that featured the Time 100 The Time 100 is an annual list of the 100 most influential people in the world, as assembled by Time. ... Melinda French Gates (born Melinda Ann French on August 15, 1964) is a former unit manager for several Microsoft products: Publisher, Microsoft Bob, Encarta, and Expedia. ... U2 (IPA: /ju. ... Paul David Hewson (born 10 May 1960), known as Bono (IPA: ), is the lead singer and principal lyricist of the Irish rock band U2. ... Past Person of the Year covers (clockwise from upper-left): Charles Lindbergh, 1927; The American Fighting-Man, 1950; Ayatollah Khomeini, 1979; The Computer, 1982; Rudy Giuliani, 2001. ... The New Statesman is a left-of-centre political weekly published in London. ... The Sunday Times is a Sunday broadsheet newspaper distributed in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, published by Times Newspapers Ltd, a subsidiary of News International which is in turn owned by News Corporation. ... Upside was a San Francisco-based business and technology magazine for venture capitalists. ... The Guardian is a British newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. ...


Gates has received four honorary doctorates, from the Nyenrode Business Universiteit, Breukelen, The Netherlands in 2000,[60] the Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden in 2002, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan in 2005, and a fourth[61] in June 2007, from Harvard University.[62]. Gates was also given an honorary KBE (Knighthood) from Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom in 2005,[63] in addition to having entomologists name the Bill Gates flower fly, Eristalis gatesi, in his honor.[64] An Honorary degree (Latin: honoris causa ad gradum) is a degree awarded to someone by an institution that he or she may have never attended, it may be a bachelors, masters or doctorate degree - however, the latter is most common. ... Nyenrode Business Universiteit is Hollands leading business school and only private university. ... Breukelen is a municipality and town in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht. ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... The Royal Institute of Technology or Kungliga tekniska högskolan (KTH) is a university in Stockholm, Sweden. ... Nickname: Location of Stockholm in northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Sweden Municipality Stockholm Municipality County Stockholm Province Södermanland and Uppland Charter 13th century Government  - Mayor Kristina Axén Olin (m) Population (March 2007)  - City 786,509  - Density 4,160/km² (10,774. ... Waseda University ), often abbreviated to Sodai ) is a co-educational, private university in Japan. ...   , literally Eastern capital) is a unique subnational administrative region of Japan with characteristics of both a prefecture and a city. ... Harvard University (incorporated as The President and Fellows of Harvard College) is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA and a member of the Ivy League. ... The British honours system is a means of rewarding individuals personal bravery, achievement or service to the United Kingdom. ... The silver Anglia knight, commissioned as a trophy in 1850, intended to represent the Black Prince. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... Not to be confused with Etymology, the study of the origin of words. ... Binomial name Eristalis gatesi Bill Gates Flower Fly (Eristalis gatesi) is a Flower fly found only in the Costa Rican forest. ...


Bill delivered the keynote address at the Fall COMDEX in 1983, 1985, 1988, 1990, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, and 2003. COMDEX (Computer Dealers Exhibition) was a computer expo held in Las Vegas, Nevada, each November from 1979 to 2003. ...


Bill and Melinda received the Prince of Asturias Award for International Cooperation on May 4, 2006, in recognition of their world impact through charity giving.[65] In November 2006, he and his wife were awarded the Order of the Aztec Eagle for their philanthropic work around the world in the areas of health and education, particularly in Mexico, and specifically in the program "Un país de lectores".[66] is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Medal of the Order The Order of the Aztec Eagle (Spanish: Orden del Águila Azteca) is the highest decoration awarded to foreigners in Mexico. ...


Publicity

Fictional portrayals

Gates is often characterized as the quintessential example of a super-intelligent "nerd" with immense power and wealth. This has in turn led to pop culture stereotypes of Gates as a tyrant or evil genius, often resorting to ruthless business techniques. As such he has been the subject of numerous parodies in film, television, and video games. Due to his cultural and economic impact, Bill Gates has been portrayed in several films or TV shows, and referenced in songs, games, and several other places. ... Look up nerd in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Popular culture, sometimes called pop culture, consists of widespread cultural elements in any given society. ...


Footnotes

  1. ^ Year 2006 compensation: salary $616,667, bonus $350,000. From Microsoft's Proxy Statement
  2. ^ a b Kroll, Luisa; Allison Fass (2007-03-06). #1 William Gates III. The World's Billionaires. Forbes.com. Retrieved on 2007-07-29.
  3. ^ Microsoft 2006 Proxy Statement. 2006-10-06.
  4. ^ Walsh, Fiona. "Mexican tycoon overtakes Bill Gates as world's richest man", The Guardian, 2007-07-03. 
  5. ^ Lash, Herbert. "Latin America stocks surge anew, lift Carlos Slim also", Reuters, 2007-07-07. 
  6. ^ Staff writer. "Vietnam gives Gates star welcome", BBC News, 2006-04-22. Retrieved on 2006-11-19. 
  7. ^ Lam, Andrew. "The fall and rise of Saigon: Vietnamese consumers make up for lost time", San Francisco Chronicle, 2005-04-24. Retrieved on 2007-06-22. 
  8. ^ Baldauf, Scott. "Gates, the biggest thing in India since the Beatles", Christian Science Monitor, 2002-11-14. Retrieved on 2006-11-19. 
  9. ^ Shenk, David (1998-01-26). "Slamming Gates". The New Republic. Retrieved on 2006-12-28. 
  10. ^ Findings of Fact. United States v. Microsoft (1998)
  11. ^ a b c Manes, Stephen; and Paul Andrews (1993). Gates: How Microsoft's Mogul Reinvented an Industry and Made Himself The Richest Man in America. Touchstone. ISBN 978-0-385-42075-7. 
  12. ^ Wallace, James; and Jim Erickson (1993). Hard Drive: Bill Gates and the Making of the Microsoft Empire. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-471-56886-5. 
  13. ^ a b Staff writer (1994-12-08). "The Bill Gates Interview". Playboy. Retrieved on 2006-05-16. 
  14. ^ Stross, Randall E. (1997). The Microsoft Way. Perseus Books Group. ISBN 978-0-201-32797-7. 
  15. ^ Gates, Bill. Interview with David Allison., Bellevue, WA. 1993.
  16. ^ Chposky, James; and Ted Leonsis (1989). Blue Magic: The People, the Power and the Politics Behind the IBM Personal Computer. Grafton. ISBN 978-0-246-13445-3. 
  17. ^ The new—and improved?—SAT. The Week Magazine. Retrieved on 2006-05-23.
  18. ^ http://ei.cs.vt.edu/~history/Gates.Mirick.html#business
  19. ^ Gates, Bill. Interview with Larry King. Larry King Live. CNN, Redmond, WA. 2000-01-01. (Transcript). Retrieved on 2006-11-19.
  20. ^ Gates, William; Papadimitriou Christos (1979). "Bounds for sorting by prefix reversal". Discrete Math 27: 47-57. 
  21. ^ a b Key Events In Microsoft History. Retrieved on 1 October 2005. (DOC format)
  22. ^ a b c Microsoft history at the History of Computing Project. Retrieved on August 11, 2005.
  23. ^ Bill Gates, An Open Letter to Hobbyists, February 3, 1976
  24. ^ Gates, Bill. "Remarks by Bill Gates" Waterloo, Ontario (2005-10-13). Retrieved on 2006-12-11
  25. ^ John Steele Gordon Michael Maiello (2002-12-23). Pioneers Die Broke. Forbes. Retrieved on 2006-07-05.
  26. ^ MS DOS and PC DOS. Lexikon's History of Computing. Retrieved on 2006-07-05.
  27. ^ Booting Your PC: Getting Up Close & Personal With A Computer’s BIOS. Smart Computing (November 1999). Retrieved on 2006-09-02.
  28. ^ "When It Comes To DOS, You Now Have A Choice", Smart Computing, June 1994. Retrieved on 2006-07-05. 
  29. ^ "Microsoft to Microsoft disk operating system (MS-DOS)", Smart Computing, March 2002. Retrieved on 2006-07-05. 
  30. ^ Opinion, Apple Computer, Inc. v. Microsoft Corporation. U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals, 1994.
  31. ^ http://www.kernelthread.com/mac/vpc/win.html
  32. ^ The software superpower. BBC (2000-01-14). Retrieved on 2006-09-05.
  33. ^ Bill Gates tops Forbes rich list. BBC (2004-09-24). Retrieved on 2006-09-05.
  34. ^ Patent Database Search Results. USPTO. Retrieved on 2007-01-28.
  35. ^ http://www.google.com/advanced_patent_search
  36. ^ CNN, Gates deposition makes judge laugh in court, November 17, 1998
  37. ^ BusinessWeek, Microsoft's Teflon Bill, 11/30/98
  38. ^ Heilemann, John (2000-11). "The Truth, The Whole Truth, and Nothing But The Truth". Wired. Retrieved on 2006-12-11. 
  39. ^ Ballmer, Steve (October 9, 1997). Steve Ballmer Speech Transcript - Church Hill Club. Microsoft PressPass. Microsoft. Retrieved on 2006-05-16.
  40. ^ Drummond, Michael (1999). Renegades of the Empire. Crown. ISBN 978-0-609-60416-8. 
  41. ^ David Bank (February 1, 1999). Breaking Windows. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved on 2006-05-16.
  42. ^ The Gates Operating System. Time (January 13, 1997). Retrieved on 2006-05-16.
  43. ^ a b Gates, Bill. "Remarks by Bill Gates" San Diego, CA (1997-09-26). Retrieved on 2006-05-16
  44. ^ Herbold, Robert J. (2002-01-01). "Inside Microsoft: Balancing Creativity and Discipline". Harvard Business Review. Retrieved on 2006-05-16. 
  45. ^ Microsoft PressPass. "Microsoft Announces Plans for July 2008 Transition for Bill Gates", Microsoft PressPass, June 15, 2006. 
  46. ^ Fried, Ina. "Ozzie, Mundie pick up tech mantle at Microsoft", CNET News.com, 2006-06-16. Retrieved on 2007-02-17. 
  47. ^ http://www.mos.org/leonardo/bio.html
  48. ^ Wendland, Mike. "Ballmer checks out my spam problem", Detroit Free Press, 2004-12-02. Retrieved on 2007-07-13. 
  49. ^ Gates, Bill. "Why I Hate Spam", Wall Street Journal, 2003-06-23. Retrieved on 2006-11-19. 
  50. ^ Bill Gates - Founder of Microsoft. Lycos Canada Money.
  51. ^ Bolger, Joe. "I wish I wasn't the richest man in the world, says Bill Gates", The Times, 2006-05-05. Retrieved on 2006-11-19. 
  52. ^ Walsh, Fiona. "Mexican tycoon overtakes Bill Gates as world's richest man", The Guardian, 2007-07-03. 
  53. ^ Fried, Ina. "Gates joins board of Buffett's Berkshire Hathaway", CNET News.com, 2004-12-14. Retrieved on 2006-11-19. 
  54. ^ Philanthropy
  55. ^ A 25 February 2006 survey of philanthropy by The Economist noted, "The media, which used to take little notice of charitable donations, now eagerly rank the super-rich by their munificence..."
  56. ^ Microsoft: "Microsoft Announces Plans for July 2008 Transition for Bill Gates" webpage: [1].
  57. ^ Carol J. Loomis. "Warren Buffett Gives Away his Fortune", Fortune, 2006-06-25. Retrieved on 2006-12-09. 
  58. ^ NPR: "Buffett Gift Sends $31 Billion to Gates Foundation," NPR All Things Considered, 26-June-2006, webpage: NPR-Buffett.
  59. ^ Jason Cowley. "Heroes of our time - the top 50", New Statesman, May 22, 2006. 
  60. ^ nyenrode.nl
  61. ^ Bill Gates Gets Degree After 30 Years
  62. ^ Excerpts of speech at Harvard Graduation
  63. ^ BBC, Knighthood for Microsoft's Gates, March 2, 2005
  64. ^ Bill Gates' Flower Fly Eristalis gatesi Thompson
  65. ^ Bill and Melinda Gates named in Top 10 Persons of 2006, Retrieved May 9, 2006
  66. ^ http://diariooficial.segob.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=4936346 (Spanish) Diario Oficial de la Federación, Proclamation of the Award

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Further reading

  • Bank, David (2001). Breaking Windows: How Bill Gates Fumbled the Future of Microsoft. Free Press. ISBN 978-0-7432-0315-9. 
  • Edstrom, Jennifer; Marlin Eller (1998). Barbarians Led by Bill Gates: Microsoft from the Inside. Henry Holt & Company. ISBN 978-0-8050-5755-3. 
  • Gates, Bill (1999). Business @ the Speed of Thought. Business Plus. ISBN 978-0-446-67596-3. 
  • Gates, Bill (1995). The Road Ahead. Penguin. ISBN 978-0-14-026040-3. 
  • Lesinski, Jeanne M. (2000). Bill Gates. Lerner Publications. ISBN 978-0-8225-9689-9. 
  • Lowe, Janet (1998). Bill Gates Speaks: Insight from the World's Greatest Entrepreneur. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-471-29353-8. 
  • Manes, Stephen; Paul Andrews (1993). Gates: How Microsoft's Mogul Reinvented an Industry and Made Himself the Richest Man in America. Touchstone. ISBN 978-0-671-88074-3. 
  • Rivlin, Gary (2000). The Plot to Get Bill Gates. Three Rivers Press. ISBN 978-0-8129-9073-7. 
  • Wallace, James; Jim Erickson (1993). Hard Drive: Bill Gates and the Making of the Microsoft Empire. Harper Business. ISBN 978-0-88730-629-7. 
  • Wallace, James (1997). Overdrive: Bill Gates and the Race to Control Cyberspace. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-471-18041-8. 

Business @ the speed of thought - Bill Gates Business @ the Speed of Thought is a book written by Bill Gates in 1999. ... The Road Ahead The Road Ahead, a book written by Bill Gates with Nathan Myhrvold and Peter Rinearson and published in November 1995, summarized the implications of the personal computing revolution and described a future profoundly changed by the arrival of a global interactive network. ... Janet Lowe is a writer from the United States. ... The Wiley Building in Hoboken, New Jersey, located on the waterfront between River Street and Frank Sinatra Drive. ... Stephen Manes (1949 - present) writes the Digital Tools column that appears in every issue of Forbes and the long-running Full Disclosure column that anchors the back page of He is also co-host and co-executive editor of the public television series PC Worlds Digital Duo, a program... The Wiley Building in Hoboken, New Jersey, located on the waterfront between River Street and Frank Sinatra Drive. ...

External links

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Profiles and biographies

  • Biography of Bill Gates at Microsoft.com
  • Time Magazine Profile
  • Bill Gates before Microsoft
  • Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
  • BBC: Bill Gates profile
  • Entrepreneurs and American Economic Growth: William H. Gates
  • Forbes: World's Richest People
  • Bill Gates Net Worth Page
  • Bill Gates Wealth Index
  • Bill Gates returns to Harvard for degree
  • Bill Gates at the Internet Movie Database

The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ...

Pictures

  • Bill Gates House Pictures
  • Picture Gallery of Bill Gates

Interviews

  • Bill Gates speaks with Peter Jennings of ABC
  • BBC Interview with Bill Gates
  • Playboy Interview with Bill Gates
  • Interview with Bill Moyers
  • Charlie Rose - An hour with Bill Gates at Google Video
  • Bill Gates interviewed by Jon Stewart on "The Daily Show"
  • 1989 Bill Gates Talk on Microsoft - The present (1989) and future of the software industry.
  • Bill Gates Charlie Rose interviews
Preceded by
Warren Buffett
World's Richest Person
1996-2007
Succeeded by
Carlos Slim Helú
Preceded by
George W. Bush
Time's Persons of the Year ( The Good Samaritans, alongside Bono and Melinda Gates
2005
Succeeded by
You
Persondata
NAME Gates, William Henry,III
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Gates, Bill
SHORT DESCRIPTION Business entrepreneur
DATE OF BIRTH October 28, 1955
PLACE OF BIRTH Seattle, Washington
DATE OF DEATH N/A
PLACE OF DEATH N/A

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bill Gates Wealth Index (1203 words)
Most people will have read the recent reports of how Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates has had his personal net worth soar over 100 billion dollars and then drop down to 55 billion.
Gates' time to pick up off the ground over the years, based on his current 800 million or so shares of Microsoft (he has given away quite a few) and the split-adjusted stock price courtesy of Microsoft's own web site.
Which means that if something costs $100,000 to her, to Bill it's as though it costs 12 cents.
Bill Gates - MSN Encarta (832 words)
Bill Gates, born in 1955, American business executive, who serves as chairman of Microsoft Corporation, the leading computer software company in the United States.
Gates was first introduced to computers and programming languages in 1968, when he was in the eighth grade.
Gates planned to remain chairman of Microsoft and to continue as its largest shareholder, but he said that by July 2008 he would have only a part-time role at the company he cofounded.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     

ClaireHarrison33
17th August 2010
I had a desire to make my own firm, but I did not have got enough amount of money to do this. Thank God my close dude suggested to utilize the loans . Therefore I used the collateral loan and realized my desire.

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