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Encyclopedia > Bill Finger
Bill Finger
Birth name William Finger
Born February 8, 1914
Died January 18, 1974 (aged 59)
Nationality American
Area(s) Writer
Notable works Batman, Robin, Green Lantern, the Joker, Catwoman, the Penguin

William "Bill" Finger (February 8, 1914January 18, 1974) was an American writer best known as the uncredited co-creator, with Bob Kane, of the DC Comics character Batman, as well as the co-architect of the series' development. In later years, Kane acknowledged Finger as "a contributing force" in the character's creation.[1] Comics historian Ron Goulart, in Comic Book Encyclopedia, refers to Batman as the "creation of artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger".[2] is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... A blonde haired, very skilled worker with a 70s look. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... A blonde haired, very skilled worker with a 70s look. ... Bob Kane (born Robert Kahn, October 24, 1915 – November 3, 1998) was an American comic book artist and writer credited as the creator of the DC Comics superhero Batman. ... DC Comics is an American comic book and related media company. ... Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... Ron Goulart (born 1933) is an American pop-culture historian and mystery, fantasy, and science fiction author. ...


Finger additionally helped create Batman nemeses The Joker[1] , Catwoman[3], Two-Face[4], The Riddler, and others. He also wrote many of the original 1940s Green Lantern stories and would go on to contribute to the development of numerous comic book series. The Joker is a comic book supervillain in the DC Comics universe. ... Catwoman is a fictional character associated with DC Comics Batman franchise and created by Bill Finger and Bob Kane. ... This article is about the DC comics villain. ... Detective Comics #140 (October 1948), the first appearance of The Riddler. ... Alan Scott is a fictional hero from the DC Comics universe and the first superhero to bear the name Green Lantern. ...

Contents

Biography

Early life and career

Bill Finger joined Bob Kane's nascent studio in 1938. An aspiring writer and a part-time shoe salesperson, he had met Kane at a party; Kane later offered him a job ghost writing the strips Rusty and Clip Carson.[5] [6] This article is about a ghostwriter, the type of writer. ...


Early the following year, National Comics' success with the seminal superhero Superman in Action Comics prompted editors to scramble for similar heroes. In response, Kane conceived "the Bat-Man". Finger recalled that Kane The current DC Comics logo, adopted in May 2005. ... Superman is a fictional character and comic book superhero , originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ... Cover of Action Comics #1, which featured the debut of Superman. ...

had an idea for a character called 'Batman', and he'd like me to see the drawings. I went over to Kane's, and he had drawn a character who looked very much like Superman with kind of ... reddish tights, I believe, with boots ... no gloves, no gauntlets ... with a small domino mask, swinging on a rope. He had two stiff wings that were sticking out,looking like bat wings. And under it was a big sign ... BATMAN.[6]

Finger offered such suggestions as giving the character a cowl instead of the domino mask, a cape instead of wings, AND gloves, and removing the red sections from the original costume.[7] He later said his suggestions were influenced by Lee Falk's popular The Phantom, a syndicated newspaper comic strip character with which Kane was familiar as well,[8] and that he devised the name Bruce Wayne for the character's secret identity: "Bruce Wayne's first name came from Robert Bruce, the Scottish patriot. Wayne, being a playboy, was a man of gentry. I searched for a name that would suggest colonialism. I tried Adams, Hancock ... then I thought of Mad Anthony Wayne."[9] As Kane summed up decades later in his autobiography, "Bill Finger was a contributing force on Batman right from the beginning... I made Batman a superhero-vigilante when I first created him. Bill turned him into a scientific detective.[10]}} This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Leon Harrison Gross, more known by the alias of Lee Falk, (April 28, 1911 - March 13, 1999) was an American writer, best known as the creator of the popular comic strip superheroes The Phantom and Mandrake the Magician, who at the height of their popularity secured him over a hundred... The Phantom is an American adventure comic strip created by Lee Falk, also creator of Mandrake the Magician. ... Print Syndication is a form of syndication in which news articles, columns, or comic strips are made available to newspapers and magazines. ... This article is about the comic strip, the sequential art form as published in newspapers and on the Internet. ... Robert I, King of Scots (Mediaeval Gaelic:Roibert a Briuis; modern Scottish Gaelic: Raibeart Bruis; Norman French: Robert de Brus or Robert de Bruys; 11 July 1274 – 7 June 1329), usually known in modern English as Robert the Bruce, was King of Scotland from 1306 until his death in 1329. ... This article is about the country. ... Anthony Wayne (January 1, 1745 - December 15, 1796), was a United States Army general and statesman. ...


Finger wrote the initial script for Batman's debut in Detective Comics #27 (May 1939), while Kane provided art. Batman proved a breakout hit, and Finger went on to write many of the early Batman stories, including making major contributions to the character of the Joker, as well as other major Batman villains. When Kane wanted Robin's origin to parallel Batman's, Finger made Robin's parents circus performers murdered while performing their trapeze act. [11] The Joker is a comic book supervillain in the DC Comics universe. ...


Bill Finger recalled that,

Robin was an outgrowth of a conversation I had with Bob. As I said, Batman was a combination of [Douglas] Fairbanks and Sherlock Holmes. Holmes had his Watson. The thing that bothered me was that Batman didn't have anyone to talk to, and it got a little tiresome always having him thinking. I found that as I went along Batman needed a Watson to talk to. That's how Robin came to be. Bob called me over and said he was going to put a boy in the strip to identify with Batman. I thought it was a great idea".[6]

Comics historian Jim Steranko wrote in 1970 that Finger's slowness as a writer led Batman editor Whitney Ellsworth to suggest Kane replace him.[12] During Finger's absence, Gardner Fox contributed scripts that introduced Batman's early "Bat-" arsenal[citation needed] (the utility belt, the Bat-Gyro/plane and the Batarang). Upon his return, Finger created or co-created items such as the Batmobile and Batcave,[13] and is credited[citation needed] with providing a name for Gotham City. Among the things that made his stories particularly distinctive was a use of giant-sized props: enlarged pennies, sewing machines, or typewriters.[citation needed] Captain America #111 (March 1969): Sterankos signature surrealism. ... Batman surrounded by batarangs. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Batcave. ... This article is about the fictional place. ...


Eventually, Finger left Kane's studio to work directly for DC Comics, where he supplied scripts for Batman, Superman (wherein he introduced the character Lana Lang) and others. He would eventually supply scripts to rival publishers such as Fawcett, Quality and TimelyMarvel Comics.


Green Lantern

In 1940, Finger collaborated with artist Martin Nodell on a new superhero feature in All-American Comics #16 (July 1942) called The Green Lantern. Both writer and artist received a by-line on the strip, with Nodell in the earliest issues using the pseudonym "Matt Dellon". Martin Nodell (born 15 November 1915) is a cartoonist and commercial artist, best known as the creator of the comic book superhero Green Lantern. ... All-American Comics was the flagship title for its publisher, also called All-American Comics. ... Major Terran Green Lanterns throughout history (from top to bottom): Alan Scott, Hal Jordan and Kyle Rayner. ...


According to Nodell, Finger was brought in to write scripts after Nodell had already conceived the character.[14] Nodell's name appeared first, before Finger's, in the bylines on the stories that he drew, although when ghost artists such as Irwin Hasen were used, Bill Finger's name appeared first so that the credits instead read "by Bill Finger and Martin Nodell".


Film

As a screenwriter, he wrote or co-wrote the films Death Comes to Planet Aytin, The Green Slime, and Track of the Moon Beast. He also wrote a Clock King episode of the live-action Batman TV series. Screenwriters, scenarists or script writers, are authors who write the screenplays from which movies and television programs are made. ... For other uses, see Green slime (disambiguation). ... Track of the Moon Beast is a 1976 horror movie about a lonely man named Paul (Chase Cordell) who gets a piece of meteor lodged in his brain cousing him to transform into a moon beast. Along for the ride is Pauls new girlfriend Kathy Nolan (Donna Leigh Drake... Clock King is a fictional supervillain in the DC Comics universe. ...


Credit

Kane negotiated a contract with National that signed away ownership in the character in exchange for, among other compensations, a mandatory byline on all Batman comics. Finger's name, in contrast, never appeared on any of the Batman stories he wrote in the 1940s and 1950s. He did receive credit, temporarily, for other work done for National's sister company All-American Publications during that time. For example, the first Wildcat story, in Sensation Comics #1 (July 1942), has the byline "by Irwin Hasen and Bill Finger", and the first Green Lantern story (see above) is credited to "Mart Dellon and Bill Finger". However, in the mid-1940s, National adopted a policy[citation needed] that removed all credits from their comic books, with the exceptions of Kane and of William Moulton Marston, creator of Wonder Woman. The byline on a newspaper or magazine article gives the name, and often the position, of the writer of the article. ... The All-American logo, used on their titles during the 1945 split with National All-American Publications is one of three American comic book companies that combined to form the modern-day DC Comics, one of the worlds two largest comics publishers. ... Dr. William Moulton Marston (May 9, 1893 – May 2, 1947) was a psychologist, feminist theorist, and comic book writer who created the Wonder Woman character with his wife Elizabeth Holloway Marston. ... Wonder Woman is a fictional DC Comics superheroine created by William Moulton Marston. ...


Finger began to receive limited acknowledgment for his Batman work in the 1960s, as a writer. The letters page of Batman #169 (Feb. 1965), for example, has editor Julius Schwartz naming Finger as creator of The Riddler, one of Batman's recurring villains. Julius Schwartz, editor for DC Comics Julius Julie Schwartz (June 19, 1915 - February 8, 2004) was a comic book and pulp magazine editor, and a science fiction agent and prominent fan. ... Detective Comics #140 (October 1948), the first appearance of The Riddler. ...


Awards

Finger was posthumously inducted into both the Will Eisner Award Hall of Fame and the Jack Kirby Hall of Fame. He is also the namesake of the Bill Finger Award, founded by Jerry Robinson, which honors lifetime achievements by comic book writers. The Eisner Award logo‎ The Will Eisner Comic Industry Award is given for creative achievement in comic books. ... The Harvey Awards are given for achievement in comic books. ... The Bill Finger Award For Excellence In Comic Book Writing is an American award for comic book writers who were not sufficiently honored for their work in the medium. ... Detective Comics #38 (May 1940), the first appearance of Robin. ...


Quotes

Bob Kane: "There were other Batman writers throughout the years but they could never capture the style and flavor of Bill's scripts. Bill was the best writer in the business and it seemed that he was destined to write Batman".[15]


Footnotes

  1. ^ a b Kane, Bob; Tom Andrae (1989). Batman & Me. Forestville, CA: Eclipse Books, 44. 1-56060-017-9. 
  2. ^ Goulart, Ron, Comic Book Encyclopedia (Harper Entertainment, New York, 2004) ISBN 0-06-053816-3
  3. ^ Kane, Andrae, pp. 107-108
  4. ^ Kane, Andrae, pp. 108-109
  5. ^ Walker, Brian. The Comics Since 1945 (Harry N. Abrams), page number?
  6. ^ a b c Steranko, Jim. The Steranko History of Comics (Supergraphics, Reading, Pa., 1970; ISBN 0-517-50188-0), p. 44
  7. ^ Daniels, Les. Batman: The Complete History (Chronicle Books, 1999) ISBN 0-8118-4232-0, pp. 21, 23
  8. ^ Kane, Andrae, p. 41
  9. ^ Kane, Bob; Tom Andrae (1989). Batman & Me. Forestville, CA: Eclipse Books, 44. 1-56060-017-9. 
  10. ^ Kane, Andrae, p. 41-43
  11. ^ Kane, Andrae, pp. 104-105
  12. ^ The Steranko History of Comics 1, by Jim Steranko (Supergraphics, Reading, Pa., 1970; ISBN 0-517-50188-0), p. 45
  13. ^ Batman: The Dailies 1943-1946 (Sterling, 2007) ISBN-10 1402747179, ISBN-13 978-1402747175, p. 15and Steranko ibid.
  14. ^ Martin Nodell, The Golden Age Green Lantern Archives Volume 1, preface
  15. ^ Kane, Andrae, p.44

Ron Goulart (born 1933) is an American pop-culture historian and mystery, fantasy, and science fiction author. ... HarperCollins is a publishing company owned by Rupert Murdochs News Corporation. ... Captain America #111 (March 1969): Sterankos signature surrealism. ... Les Daniels (born 1943) is an American writer of historical horror fiction. ... Captain America #111 (March 1969): Sterankos signature surrealism. ... Ibid (Latin, short for ibidem, the same place) is the term used to provide an endnote or footnote citation or reference for a source that was cited in the last endnote or footnote. ...

References

  • Grand Comics Database
  • Jones, Gerard. Men of Tomorrow: Geeks, Gangsters, and the Birth of the Comic Book (Basic Books, 2004; trade paperback ISBN 0-465-03657-0
  • Goulart, Ron. Fifty Years of American Comic Books

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bill Finger - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1274 words)
Bill Finger (February 8, 1914 - January 18, 1974) was an American writer who is best remembered (though not officially credited) as the co-creator of the character Batman with Bob Kane as well as the co-architect of the series' development.
Finger was a very meticulous writer and as such, a slow one, leading editor Whitney Ellsworth to "suggest" that Kane replace him with someone else.
Finger, like Joe Shuster, Jerry Siegel, and many other creators during and after the Golden Age of Comic Books, would resent National for not paying him residuals on stories he wrote that were being reprinted in the 1960s and early 70s.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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