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Encyclopedia > Bildungsroman

A Bildungsroman (IPA: [ˈbɪldʊŋs.roˌmaːn]/, German: "novel of self-cultivation") is a novelistic variation of the monomyth that concentrates on the spiritual, moral, psychological, or social development and growth of the protagonist usually from childhood to maturity. Sometimes it is referred to as a "Coming Of Age Story." These themes are now often portrayed in films and animation as well as novels. For other uses, see Novel (disambiguation). ... The monomyth (often referred to as the heros journey) is a description of a basic pattern found in many narratives from around the world. ... A protagonist is the main figure of a piece of literature or drama and has the main part or role. ... Childhood (song) Childhood is a broad term usually applied to the phase of development in humans between infancy and adulthood. ... Maturity may refer to: Sexual maturity Maturity, a geological term describing hydrocarbon generation Maturity, a financial term indicating the end of payments of principal or interest Look up Maturity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Coming of Age (disambiguation). ... The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ...

Bildungsroman usually contain the following course:

  • The protagonist grows from boy to man or girl to woman.
  • The protagonist must have some reason to go on this journey. A loss or discontent must jar him or her at an early stage away from the home or family setting.
  • The process of maturing is long, arduous, and gradual, consisting of repeated clashes between the needs or desires of the hero and the views and judgments enforced by an unbending social order. This bears some similarity to Sigmund Freud's concept of the pleasure principle versus the reality principle.
  • Eventually, the spirit and values of the social order become manifest in the protagonist, who is then accommodated into society. The novel ends with an assessment by the protagonist of himself/herself and his/her new place in that society.
  • The character is generally making a smooth movement away from conformity. Major conflict is self vs. society or individuality vs. conformity.
  • There are themes of exile or escape.

Within the genre, an Entwicklungsroman is a story of general growth rather than self-culture; an Erziehungsroman focuses on training and formal education; and a Künstlerroman is about the development of an artist and shows a growth of the self. Sexual maturity is the stage at which an organism can reproduce. ... A need is the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a goal and the reason for the action, giving purpose and direction to behavior. ... Social order is a concept used in sociology, history and other social sciences. ... Sigmund Freud (IPA: ), born Sigismund Schlomo Freud (May 6, 1856 – September 23, 1939), was an Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist who founded the psychoanalytic school of psychology. ... This article is about the psychoanalytical term. ... The pleasure principle and the reality principle are two psychoanalytical terms coined by Sigmund Freud. ... Conformity is the act of consciously maintaining a certain degree of similarity (in clothing, manners, behaviors, etc. ... Individualism, in general, is a term used to describe a theoretical or practical emphasis of the individual, as opposed to, and possibly at the expense of, the group. ... A Künstlerroman (//, German: artists novel) is a kind of Bildungsroman; it is a novel about an artists growth to maturity. ...

Many other genres include elements of the Bildungsroman as a prominent part of their story lines; for example, a military story frequently shows a raw recruit receiving a baptism of fire and becoming a battle-hardened soldier. A high fantasy quest may also show a transformation from an adolescent protagonist into an adult aware of his/her powers or lineage. The phrase baptism by fire or baptism of fire, known in English since 1822, is a translation of the French phrase baptême du feu and is a reference to a soldiers first experience under fire in battle. ... High fantasy is a subgenre of fantasy fiction that is set in invented or parallel worlds. ...

List of Bildungsroman

For the films, see All Quiet on the Western Front (1930 film) and All Quiet on the Western Front (1979 film). ... Erich Maria Remarque (June 22, 1898 – September 25, 1970) was the pseudonym of Erich Paul Remark, a German author. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Saul Bellow, born Solomon Bellows, (Lachine, Quebec, Canada, June 10, 1915 – April 5, 2005 in Brookline, Massachusetts) was an acclaimed Canadian-born American writer. ... Mark Twain Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884) by Mark Twain is commonly accounted as one of the first Great American Novels. ... Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910),[1] better known by the pen name Mark Twain, was an American humanist,[2] humorist, satirist, lecturer and writer. ... Karl Philipp Moritz (September 15, 1756 in Hameln - June 26, 1793 in Berlin) was a German author and writer of the Sturm und Drang and classical literary periods, influencing early German Romanticism as well. ... Milton Steinberg (1903 – 1949) was an American rabbi and author. ... For the film, see Atlas Shrugged (film). ... Ayn Rand (IPA: , February 2 [O.S. January 20] 1905 – March 6, 1982), born Alisa Zinovyevna Rosenbaum (Russian: ), was a Russian-born American novelist and philosopher. ... The Awakening is the name of an 1899 novel by Kate Chopin and a 1980 sculpture by J. Seward Johnson, Jr. ... Kate Chopin (born Katherine OFlaherty on February 8, 1850 – August 22, 1904) was an American author of short stories and novels, mostly of a Louisiana Creole background. ... This article is about the novel. ... Zelma I. Edgell, better known as Zee Edgell (born 21 October 1940 in Belize City, Belize) is a writer. ... The Bell Jar is American writer Sylvia Plaths only novel, which was originally published under the pseudonym Victoria Lucas in 1963. ... Sylvia Plath (October 27, 1932 – February 11, 1963) was an American poet, novelist, and short story writer. ... 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  • Buckley, Jerome H., Season of Youth (Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1974).
  • Jeffers, Thomas L., Apprenticeships: The Bildungsroman from Goethe to Santayana (New York: Palgrave, 2005).
  • Abrams, M.H. Glossary of Literary Terms - Eighth Edition (Boston: Thomson Wadsworth, 2005).
  • Vaughan, Brian K., "Y the Last Man #60" (DC Comics 2008)

  Results from FactBites:
In its most traditional form, the Bildungsroman has been defined as a novel concerning the “all-round development or ... (413 words)
In its most traditional form, the Bildungsroman has been defined as a novel concerning the “all-round development or self-culture” of the protagonist, where the protagonist displays a “more or less conscious attempt.
Bildungsroman has been defined as a novel concerning the “all-round development or self-culture” of the protagonist, where the protagonist displays a “more or less conscious attempt.
bildungsroman is a “novel of formation” or “education”  that charts the development of the protagonist’s mind and character in the passage from childhood through various experiences (usually involving a spiritual crisis) into maturity and the recognition of his/her role in the world.
  More results at FactBites »



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