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Encyclopedia > Bikram Samwat

Bikram Samwat (Bikram Sambat, Devnagari:बिक्रम संवत, abbreviated "B.S.") is the calendar established by Indian emperor Vikramaditya. It is official calendar of Nepal. In addition to Bikram Samwat, the Gregorian calendar and the original Nepalese calendar, Nepal Sambat, are also used in Nepal. Nepal Sambat was officially used in Nepal till the era of Chandra Samsher. Bikram Sambat (abbreviated B.S.) is the official calendar of Nepal. ... च् + छ = च्छ Devanagari in Unicode The Unicode range for Devanagari is U+0900 . ... The period of prominence of the Gupta dynasty is very often referred to as the Golden Age of India. ... Nepal Sambat (Nepal Bhasa: नेपाल सम्बत) is a lunar calendar. ...


It is a solar calendar based on ancient Hindu tradition (see Hindu calendar and Vedic time keeping). The Bikram Sambat calendar is 56.7 years ahead (in count) of the solar Gregorian calendar. For example, the year 2056 BS began in AD 1999 and ended in AD 2000. The calendar starts with the first day of the month Baisakh, which usually falls on the 13th or 14th of April in the Gregorian calendar. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Hindu calendar used in Vedic times has undergone many changes in the process of regionalization, and today there are several regional Indian calendars, as well as an Indian national calendar. ... The Hindu metrics of time can be summarized as below. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Common Era (CE or C.E.), sometimes known as the Current Era or Christian Era, is the period of measured time beginning with the year 1 (the traditional birthdate of Jesus) to the present. ... The Common Era (CE or C.E.), sometimes known as the Current Era or Christian Era, is the period of measured time beginning with the year 1 (the traditional birthdate of Jesus) to the present. ... Baishakh is the first month in the Bangla Calendar used in Bangladesh and parts of India. ...

Contents


Months

No. Name Nepali [1] Days
1 Baishākh बैशाख 31
2 Jeṭha जेठ 31 / 32
3 Asār असार 31
4 Shāwan साउन 32
5 Bhadau भदौ 31 / 32
6 Asoj असोज 30 / 31
7 Kāttik कात्तिक 29 / 30
8 Mangsir मंसिर 29 / 30
9 Push पुष 29 / 30
10 Magh माघ 29 / 30
11 Fāgun फागुन 29 / 30
12 Chait चैत 30 / 31

Nepali (Khaskura) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in Nepal, Bhutan, and some parts of India and Burma. ... Baishakh (Bangla: বৈশাখ) is the first month in the Bangla Calendar used in Bangladesh and parts of India. ... Joishtho is the second month of the Bangla Calendar. ... Ä€shāŗh (Bangla: আষাঢ়) is the third month of the Bangla Calendar. ... Srabon (also spelt Sravan) is the 4th month of the Bangla Calendar. ... Bhadro is the fifth month in the Bangla Calendar. ... Kaartika ( Hindi: कातिक kaatik or कार्तिक kaartik) is a month of the Hindu calendar. ... Poush is the 9th month in both the Bangla Calendar used in Bangladesh and in the Bikram Sambat calendar used in Nepal. ... Maagh is the 10th month in the Bangla Calendar. ... Falgun is the 11th month in the Bangla Calendar. ... Choitro (Bangla:চৈত্র) is the last of the twelve months of the Bangla Calendar. ...

History

Bikram Samwat initiated from the victory of the legendary king Vikramaditya (English translation: Sun of Valour) over the Sakas in 56 BC. No historical Vikramaditya has been identified in this period, although Chandragupta_II was later known by this title. The origin of the Bikram Samwat era therefore remains obscure. The period of prominence of the Gupta dynasty is very often referred to as the Golden Age of India. ... The Sakas are a peoples that lived in what is now Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and parts of Iran, Ukraine, and Altay Mountains and Siberia in Russia, in the centuries before 300 AD. They are considered to be a branch of Scythians by most scholars. ... The period of prominence of the Gupta dynasty is very often referred to as the Golden Age of India. ...


Culture

The new year of Bikram Samwat is one of the many festivals of Nepal, marked by parties, family gatherings, the exchange of good wishes and participation in rituals to ensure good fortune in the coming year.


In addition to Nepal, elements of the Bikram Sambat calendar are also recognized in north India and West Bengal state. Structurally, it is similar to the Bangla Calendar used in Bangladesh, with the month names being the same and starting at the same time. In Bangladesh, the new year is celebrated as Pôhela Boishakh, a national holiday. West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিম বঙ্গ, Hindi: पश्चिम बंगाल, Poshchim Bôngo) is a state in the eastern region of India. ... The Bangla calendar also known as Bônggabdo in the Bengali language, is the traditional calendar used in Bangladesh and Bangla-speaking regions of India. ... This article needs to be wikified. ...


The Bangali Hindu communities in India, where the holiday is called Baisakhi, also celebrate the beginning of Spring and the end of the harvest season on Pahela Baishakh. The Sikh communities celebrate Vaisakhi because it is the birth of the Sikh order of the Khasla. Vaisakhi is also called Rongali Bihu in Assam, Puthandu in Tamil Nadu and Pooram Vishu in Kerala.


In Buddhist communities, the month of Baishakh is associated with Vesak, known as Visakah Puja or Buddha Purnima in India and Bangladesh, Visakha Bucha in Thailand, Waisak in Indonesia and Wesak in Sri Lanka and Malaysia. It commemorates the birth, Enlightenment and passing of Gautama Buddha on the one historical day, the first full moon day in May, except in a leap year when the festival is held in June. Although this festival is not held on the same day as Pahela Baishakh, the holidays typically fall in the same month (Baishakh) of the Bengali, Hindu, and Theravada Buddhist calendars, and are related historically through the spread of Hinduism and Buddhism in South Asia.


External links

  • New and old Nepalese calendars
  • 2005-2006 Calendar
  • Nepali to English and Vice Versa Date Conversion

 
 

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