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Encyclopedia > Biblical Infallibility
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Western Christianity refers to Catholicism, Protestantism, and Anglicanism (which is also usually included in the Protestant category). ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... Protestantism is one of three primary branches of Christianity. ... Thomism is the philosophical school that followed in the legacy of St. ... Anabaptists (Greek ανα (again) +βαπτιζω (baptize), thus, re-baptizers [1], German: Wiedertäufer) are Christians of the Radical Reformation. ... Lutheranism is a movement within Christianity that began with the theological insights of Martin Luther in the 16th century> Luthers writings launched the Protestant Reformation of the Western church. ... The term Anglican (from medieval Latin ecclesia Anglicana meaning the English church) is used to describe the people, institutions, and churches as well as the liturgical traditions and theological concepts developed by the established Church of England, the Anglican Communion and the Continuing Anglican Churches (a loosely affiliated group of... Methodism or the Methodist movement is a group of historically related denominations of Protestant Christianity. ... Calvinism is a system of Christian theology and an approach to Christian life and thought within the Protestant tradition articulated by John Calvin, a Protestant Reformer in the 16th century, and subsequently by successors, associates, followers and admirers of Calvin, his interpretation of Scripture, and perspective on Christian life and... // For the Armenian nationality, see Armenia or the Armenian language. ... A Baptist is a member of a Baptist church or a person who believes in baptism by full immersion. ... The word evangelicalism usually refers to a tendency in diverse branches of conservative Christianity. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For Christian theological modernism in the Roman Catholic Church, see Modernism (Roman Catholicism). ... This article concerns the self-labeled Fundamentalist Movement in Protestant Christianity. ... The Pentecostal movement within Evangelical Christianity places special emphasis on the direct personal experience of God through the gifts of the Holy Spirit, as shown in the Biblical account of the Day of Pentecost. ...

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Important Figures
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Graham · John Paul II · Bartholomew I Paul of Tarsus, also known as Paul the Apostle or Saint Paul (AD 3–14 — 62–69),[1] is widely considered to be central to the early development and spread of Christianity, particularly westward from Jerusalem. ... The (Early) Church Fathers or Fathers of the Church are the early and influential theologians and writers in the Christian Church, particularly those of the first five centuries of Christian history. ... This article covers the events of, reaction to, and historical legacy of Roman Emperor Constantine Is legalization, legitimization, and conversion to Christianity. ... Athanasius of Alexandria (also spelled Athanasios) (c. ... For the first Archbishop of Canterbury, see Saint Augustine of Canterbury. ... Saint Anselm of Canterbury (1033 or 1034 – April 21, 1109), a widely influential medieval philosopher and theologian, held the office of Archbishop of Canterbury from 1093 to 1109. ... Saint Thomas Aquinas [Thomas of Aquin, or Aquino] (c. ... Gregory Palamas (1296 - 1359) was a monk of Mount Athos in Greece, and later became Archbishop of Thessalonica. ... John Wycliffe (also Wyclif, Wycliff, or Wickliffe) (c. ... Martin Luther (November 10, 1483 – February 18, 1546) was a German monk,[1] priest, professor, theologian, and church reformer. ... John Calvin (July 10, 1509 – May 27, 1564) was a French Protestant theologian during the Protestant Reformation and was a central developer of the system of Christian theology called Calvinism. ... John Wesley (June 17, 1703–March 2, 1791) was an 18th-century Anglican clergyman and Christian theologian who was an early leader in the Methodist movement. ... William Carey (August 17, 1761 – June 9, 1834) was an English missionary and Baptist minister, known as the father of modern missions. ... Karl Barth (May 10, 1886–December 10, 1968) (pronounced Bart) was an influential Swiss Reformed Christian theologian. ... Billy Graham, April 1966 Rev. ... Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: ), (Italian: Giovanni Paolo II), born   (May 18, 1920 – April 2, 2005) reigned as Pope of the Catholic Church from October 16... Patriarch Bartholomew I His All Holiness, Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I, Archbishop of Constantinople, New Rome (Greek:Η Αυτού Θειοτάτη Παναγιότητα ο Οικουμενικός Πατριάρχης Βαρθολομαίος Α Αρχιεπίσκοπος Κωνσταντινουπόλεως, Νέας Ρώμης) , born Demetrios Archontonis (Δημήτριος Αρχοντώνης, Dimítrios Archontónis) on 29 February 1940) has been the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, and thus first among equals in the Eastern Orthodox Communion, since 2 November 1991. ...

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Biblical infallibility is the theological term to describe the belief that the Bible is free from errors on issues of faith and practice. This stance is also known as Limited Inerrancy. [1]

In contrast, Biblical inerrancy is the belief that the Bible is free from errors in spiritual areas as well as in the natural (geographical, historic, scientific, etc). [2] Biblical inerrancy is the doctrinal position [1] that in its original form, the Bible is without error; referring to the complete accuracy of Scripture, including the historical and scientific parts. ...


Historical Perspective in Theology

According to an article in "Theology Today" published in 1975, "There have been long periods in the history of the church when biblical inerrancy has not been a critical question. It has in fact been noted that only in the last two centuries can we legitimately speak of a formal doctrine of inerrancy. The arguments pro and con have filled many books, and almost anyone can join in the debate." [1] 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ...

In the '70s and '80s, however, the ancient debate amongst theological circles, which centered on the issue of whether or not the Bible was infallible or both infallible and inerrant, came into the academic spotlight. Some notable Christian seminaries, such as Princeton Theological Seminary and Fuller Theological Seminary, were formally adopting the doctrine of infallibility while rejecting the doctrine of inerrancy. For other uses, see Bible (disambiguation). ... A seminary is a specialized university-like institution for the purpose of instructing students (seminarians) in theology, often in order to prepare them to become members of the clergy. ... The steeple of Alexander Hall Princeton Theological Seminary is a theological seminary located in Princeton Township, New Jersey in the United States. ... Fuller Theological Seminary, located in Pasadena, California, is the largest multidenominational seminary in the world. ...

The other side of this debate focused largely around the magazine "Christianity Today" and the book entitled "The Battle for the Bible" by Harold Lindsell. The author asserted that losing the doctrine of the inerrancy of Scripture was the thread that would unravel the church. Conservatives rallied behind this idea, agreeing that once a man disregards the ultimate truthfulness of the Bible, then anything can become justifiable. [2] Christianity Today is an Evangelical Christian periodical based in Carol Stream, Illinois. ... Many religions and spiritual movements hold certain written texts (or series of spoken legends not traditionally written down) to be sacred. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Bible (disambiguation). ...

The debates in the '80s led to the schizm of Christian doctrine in current times and the solidification of two main camps: Liberal Christianity accepts only infallibility, while Conservative Christianity holds to inerrancy. [3] For Christian theological modernism in the Roman Catholic Church, see Modernism (Roman Catholicism). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

In Practice

Churches that believe in biblical infallibility, but not inerrancy, tend to be less doctrinally centric in their approach to interacting with the world. For instance, churches that affirm a doctrine of inerrancy, such as the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod, accept at face value the Bible’s statements regarding homosexuality and other issues. Churches with doctrine affirming only infallibility, such as the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, are more willing to accept members and even ordain to the ministry, those whose lifestyles and doctrines contradict rigid interpretations of the Bible. [4] The Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod (LCMS) is the second-largest Lutheran body in the United States. ... For other uses, see Bible (disambiguation). ... The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) is a mainline Protestant denomination headquartered in Chicago, Illinois. ... For other uses, see Bible (disambiguation). ...

External Links

  • Presbyterian Church beliefs of the Holy Bible
  • Roman Catholic Church beliefs of the Holy Bible
  • Southern Baptist Church beliefs of the Holy Bible
  • Wesleyan Church beliefs of the Holy Bible
  • Evangelical Lutheran Church in America beliefs of the Holy Bible
  • Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod beliefs of the Holy Bible
  • Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod beliefs of the Holy Bible
  • The difference between the ELCA and the LCMS
  • The difference between the ELCA and the WELS


  1. ^ a b Template:Cite article
  2. ^ a b Geisler & Nix (1986). A General Introduction to the Bible. Moody Press, Chicago.
  3. ^ http://www.spurgeon.org/~phil/creeds/chicago.htm
  4. ^ http://www.lcms.org/graphics/assets/media/LCMS/wa_elca-lcms.pdf



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